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VOL. LVI, No. 1 

JANUARY, 1922 

WHOLE No. 353 


T the first plenary session of the 
Conference on the Limitation of 
Armament, held in Memorial 
Continental Hall, Washington, 
D. C, November 12, 1921, the 
Secretary of State, Honorable 
Charles E. Hughes, presiding officer of 
the Conference and head of the Ameri- 
can delegation, announced the American 
proposal for the limitation of armament, 
advocating the following principles : 

" One. That all capital shipbuilding pro- 
grams, either actual or projected, should be 

" Two. That further reduction should be 
made through the scrapping of certain older 

" Three. That, in general, regard should be 
had to the existing naval strength of the pow- 
ers concerned. 

" Four. That the capital ship tonnage should 
be used as a measurement of strength for nav- 
ies and a proportionate allowance of auxiliary 
combatant craft presented." 

This presentation of a concrete, concise, 
readily understood program for accom- 
plishing the primary object of the confer- 
^.ence — limitation of armanent — was over- 
j whelming evidence of the good faith of 
,the United States in calling: the confer- 

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ence, and a practical demonstration of the 
willingness of the Umited States to 
offer the initiative in a limitation — which 
will limit in fact and not in theory — of 
naval construction. 

President Harding, who opened the 
conference, dealt with the spirit of the 
great international meeting. He voiced 
its aims as breathing the wish of millions 
of peoples of the earth. Without once 
mentioning an " association of nations," 
he clearly pointed the way and expressed 
the hope that some well-defined under- 
standing be entered into by the nations 
involved which will lead to " less prepara- 
tion for war and more enjoyment of 
fortunate peace." 

His address was interpreted as an 
opening for an international agreement 
such as that suggested in his campaign 
speeches a year ago. No mention was 
made by the President, of the League of 
Nations, of which all the powers attend- 
ing the Conference are members with the 
exception of the United States and China. 

The President spoke directly and re- 
peatedly of the demand of the peoples of 
the world for relief from the burdens of 



taxation due to war and preparations for 
war, and the need of limitation of arma- 
ment. His Secretary of State, Honor- 
able Charles E. Hughes, immediately fol- 
lowed with a clear-cut proposition of how 
to set about this accomplishment. 
Secretary Hughes' speech follows : 

the British empire, France, Italy and Japan to 
participate in a conference on the subject of 
limitation of armament, in connection with 
which Pacific and far eastern questions would 
also be discussed. It would have been most agree- 
able to the President to have invited all the 
powers to take part in this conference, but it 
was thought to be a time when other considera- 
tions should yield to the practical requirements 






















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" Gentlemen : It is with a deep sense of privi- 
lege and responsibility that I accept the honor 
you have conferred. 

" Permit me to express the most cordial 
apreciation of the assurances of friendly 
cooperation, which have been generously ex- 
pressed by the representatives of all the invited 
governments. The earnest desire and purpose, 
manifested in every step in the approach to this 
meeting, that we should meet the reasonable 
expectation of a watching world by effective 
action suited to the opportunity is the best 
augury for the success of the Conference. 

" The President invited the governments of 

of the existing exigency, and in this view the 
invitation was extended to the group known as 
the principal allied and associated powers, which 
by reason of the conditions produced by the 
war, control in the main the armament of the 
world. The opportunity to limit armament lies 
within their grasp. 

" It was recognized, however, that the inter- 
ests of other powers in the far east made it 
appropriate that they should be invited to par- 
ticipate in the discussion of Pacific and far 
eastern problems, and, with the approval of the 
five powers, an invitation to take part in the dis- 
cussion of those questions has been extended to 

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Belgium, China, the Netherlands and Portugal. 

" The inclusion of the proposal for the dis- 
cussion of Pacific and far eastern questions 
was not for the purpose of embarrassing or 
delaying an agreement for limitation of arma- 
ment, but rather to support that undertaking 
by availing ourselves of this meeting to en- 
deavor to reach a common understanding as to 
the principles and policies to be followed in 
the far east and thus greatly diminish, ami, if 
possible, wholly to remove, discernible sources 
of controversy. It is believed that by inter- 
changes of views at this opportune time the 
governments represented here may find a basis 
of accord and thus give expression to their de- 
sire to assure enduring friendship. 

" In the public discussions which have pre- 
ceded the Conference there have been apparently 
two competing views ; one, that the consideration 
of armament should await the result of the dis- 
cussion of far eastern questions, and, another, 
that the latter discussion should be postponed 
until an agreement for limitation of armament 
has been reached. I am unable to find suffi- 
cient reason for adopting either of these ex- 
treme views. I think that it would be most un- 
fortunate if we should disappoint the hopes which 
have attached to this meeting by a postpone- 
ment of the consideration of the first subject. 
The world looks to this conference to relieve 
humanity of the crushing burden created by 
competition in armament, and it is the view of 
the American government that we should meet 
the expectation without any unnecessary delay. 
It is therefore, proposed that the conference 
should proceed at once to consider the ques- 
tion of the limitation of armament. 

" This, however, does not mean that we must 
postpone the examination of far eastern ques- 
tions. These questions of vast importance press 
for solution. It is hoped that immediate pro- 
vision may be made to deal with them ade- 
quately, and it is suggested that it may be 
found to be entirely practicable through the 
distribution of the work among designated com- 
mittees to make progress to the ends sought 
to be achieved without either subject being 
treated as a hindrance to the proper considera- 
tion and disposition of the other. 

" The proposal to limit armament by an agree- 
ment of the powers is not a new one, and we are 
admonished by the futility of earlier efforts. It 
may be well to recall the noble aspirations which 
were voiced twenty-three years ago in the im- 
perial rescript of his majesty the Emperor of 
Russia. It was then pointed out with clarity 
and emphasis that the intellectual and physical 
strength of the nations, labor and capital are 
for the major part diverted from their natural 
application and unproductively consumed. Hun- 
dreds of millions are devoted to acquiring terri- 

ble engines of destruction, which, though today 
regarded as the last word of science, are des- 
tined tomorrow to lose all value in consequence 
of some fresh discovery in the same field. Na- 
tional culture, economic progress and the pro- 
duction of wealth are either paralyzed or 
checked in their development. 

" Moreover, in proportion as the armaments 
of each power increase, so do they less and less 
fulfill the object which the governments have 
set before themselves. The economic crises, 
due in great part to the system of armaments a 
l'outrance and the continual danger which 
lies in this massing of war materials, are trans- 
forming the armed peace of our days into a 
crushing burden, which the peoples have more 
and more difficulty in bearing. It appears evi- 
dent, then, that if this state of things were 
prolonged it would inevitably lead to the ca- 
lamity which it is desired to avert and the 
horrors of which make every thinking man 
shudder in advance. To put an end to these 
incessant armaments and to seek the means of 
warding off the calamities which are threaten- 
ing the whole world — such is the supreme duty 
which is today imposed on all states. 

" It was with this sense of obligation that 
his majesty the Emperor of Russia proposed the 
conference, which was 'to occupy itself with 
this grave problem' and which met at The 
Hague in the year 1899. Important as were 
the deliberations and conclusions of that con- 
ference, especially with respect to the pacific 
settlement of international disputes, its result 
in the specific matter of limitation of arma- 
ment went no further than the adoption of a 
final resolution setting forth the opinion ' that 
the restriction of military charges, which are 
at present a heavy burden on the world, is ex- 
tremely desirable for the increase of the ma- 
terial and moral welfare of mankind,' and the 
utterance of the wish that the governments 
' may examine the possibility of an agreement 
as to the limitation of armed forces by land 
and sea, and of war budgets.' 

It was seven years later that the Secretary 
of State of the United States, Mr. Elihu Root, 
in answering a note of the Russian ambassador, 
suggesting in outline a program of the second 
peace conference, said : " The government of 
the United States, therefore, feels it to be its 
duty to reserve for itself the liberty to propose 
to the second peace conference, as one of 
the subjects for consideration the reduction 
or limitation of armament, in the hope that, 
if nothing further can be accomplished 
some slight advance may be made toward the 
realization of the lofty conception which actu- 
ated the Emperor of Russia in calling the 
first conference.' 

" It is significant that the imperial German 

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government expressed itself as 'absolutely op- 
posed to the question of disarmament,' and that 
the Emperor of Germany threatened to decline 
to send delegates if the subject of disarmament 
was to be discussed. In view, however, of the 
resolution which had been adopted at the first 
Hague conference, the delegates of the United 
States were instructed that the subject of limita- 
tion of- armament ' should be regarded as un- 
finished business,' and that the second confer- 
ence should ascertain and give full considera- 
tion to the results of such examination as the 
governments may have given to the possibility 
of an agreement pursuant to the wish expressed 
by the first conference. 

" But by reason of the obstacles which the 
subject had encountered the second peace con- 
ference at The Hague, although it made not- 
able progress in provision for the peaceful 
settlement of controversies, was unable to deal 
Avith limitation of armament except by a resolu- 
tion in the following general terms : ' The con- 
ference confirms the resolution adopted by the 
conference in 1899 in regard to the limitation of 
military expenditure ; and inasmuch as military 
expenditure has considerably increased in almost 
every country since that time the conference 
declares that it is eminently desirable that the 
governments should resume the serious examina- 
tion of this question.' 

" This was the fruition of the efforts of 
eight years. Although the effect was clearly 
perceived, the race in preparation of armament, 
wholly unaffected by these futile suggestions, 
went on until it fittingly culminated in the great- 
est war of history; and we are now suffering 
from the unparalleled loss of life, the destruc- 
tion of hopes, the economic dislocations and 
the widespread impoverishment which measure 
the cost of the victory over the brutal preten- 
sions of military force. 

" But if we are warned by the inadequacy of 
earlier endeavors for limitation of armament, 
we cannot fail to recognize the extraordinary 
opportunity now presented. We not only have 
the lessons of the past to guide us, not only do 
we have the reaction from the disillusioning 
experience of war, but we must meet the chal- 
lenge of imperative economic demands. What 
was convenient or highly desirable before is 
now a matter of vital necessity. If there is to 
be economic rehabilitation, if the longings for 
reasonable progress are not to be denied, if 
we are to be spared the uprisings of peoples 
made desperate in the desire to shake off bur- 
dens no longer endurable, competition in arma- 
ment must stop. 

" The present opportunity not only derives its 
advantage from a general appreciation of this 
fact, but the power to deal with exigency 
now rests with a small group of nations, repre- 

sented here, who have every reason to desire 
peace and to promote amity. The astounding 
ambition which lay athwart the promise of the 
second Hague conference no longer menaces 
the world, and the great opportunity of liberty- 
loving and peace-preserving democracies has 
come. Is it not plain that the time has passed 
for mere resolutions that the responsible pow- 
ers should examine the question of limitation 
of armament? 

" We can no longer content ourselves with 
investigations, with statistics, with reports, with 
the circumlocution of inquiry. The essential 
facts are sufficiently known. The time has 
come, and this conference has been called, not 
for general resolutions or mutual advice, but 
for action. We meet with full understand- 
ing that the aspirations of mankind are not 
to be defeated either by plausible suggestions 
of postponement or by impracticable counsels 
of perfection. Power and responsibility are 
here and the world awaits a practicable pro- 
gram which shall at once be put into execution. 

" I am confident that I shall have your ap- 
proval in suggesting that in this matter, as 
well as in others before the conference, it is 
desirable to follow the course of procedure 
which has the best promise of achievement 
rather than one which would facilitate division; 
and thus, constantly aiming to agree so far as 
possible, we shall, with each point of agree- 
ment, make it easier to proceed to others. 

" The question, in relation to armament, which 
may be regarded as of primary importance at 
this time, and with which we can deal most 
promptly and effectively, is the limitation of 
naval armament. There are certain general 
considerations which may be deemed pertinent 
to this subject. 

" The first is that the core of the difficulty 
is to be found in the competition in naval pro- 
grams, and that, in order appropriately to limit 
naval armament, competition in its production 
must be abandoned. Competition will not be 
remedied by resolves with respect to the method 
of its continuance. One program inevitably 
leads to another, and if competition continues, 
its regulation is impracticable. There is only 
one adequate way out and that is to end it now. 

" It is apparent that this cannot be accom- 
plished without serious sacrifices. Enormous 
sums have been expended upon ships under con- 
struction, and building programs which are now 
under way cannot be given up without heavy 
loss. Yet if the present construction of capital 
ships goes forward other ships will inevitably 
be built to rival them, and this will lead to still 
others. Thus the race will continue so long as 
ability to continue lasts. The effort to escape 
sacrifices is futile. We must face them or 
yield our purpose. 

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"It is also clear that no one of the naval 
powers should be expected to make these sacri- 
fices alone. The only hope of limitation of 
naval armament is by agreement among the 
nations concerned, and this agreement should 
be entirely fair and reasonable in the extent 
of the sacrifices required of each of the powers. 
" In considering the basis of such an agree- 
ment and the commensurate sacrifices to be re- 
quired it is necessary to have regard to the 
existing naval strength of the great naval pow- 
ers, including the extent of construction already 
affected in the case of ships in process. This 
follows from the fact that one nation is as 
free to compete as another, and each may find 
grounds for its action. What one may do 
another may demand the opportunity to rival, 
and we remain in the thrall of competitive effort. 
" I may add that the American delegates are 
advised by their naval experts that the ton- 
nage of capital ships may fairly be taken to 
measure the relative strength of navies, as the 
provision for auxiliary combatant craft should 
sustain a reasonable relation to the capital ship 
tonnage allowed. 

"It would also seem to be a vital part of a 
plan for the limitation of naval armament that 
there should be a naval holiday. It is proposed 
that for a period of not less than ten years 
there should be no further construction of capi- 
tal ships. 

" I am happy to say that I am at liberty to go 
beyond these general propositions and, on behalf 
of the American delegation acting under the in- 
structions of the President of the United States, 
to submit to you a concrete proposition for an 
agreement for the limitation of naval armament. 
" It should be added that this proposal im- 
mediately concerns the British Empire, Japan and 
the United States. In view of the extraordi- 
nary conditions due to the world war affecting 
the existing strength of the navies of France 
and Italy, it is not thought to be necessary to 
discuss at this stage of the proceedings the ton- 
nage allowance of these nations, but the United 
States proposes that this matter be reserved for 
the later consideration of the conference. 

" In making the present proposal the United 
States is most solicitous to deal with the ques- 
tion upon an entirely reasonable and practicable 
basis, to the end that the just interests of all 
shall be adequately guarded and that national 
security and defense shall be maintained. Four 
general principles have been applied : 

" (1) That all capital-ship building programs, 

either actual or projected should be abandoned; 

" (2) That further reduction should be made 

through the scrapping of certain of the older 

ships ; 

" (3) That in general regard should be had 

to the existing naval strength of the powers 
concerned ; 

" (4) That the capital ship tonnage should 
be used as the measurement of strength for 
navies and a proportionate allowance of aux- 
iliary combatant craft prescribed. 

" The principal features of the proposed 
agreement are as follows : 

" United States : 

" The United States is now completing its 
program of 1916 calling for ten new battle- 
ships and six battle cruisers. One battleship 
has been completed. The others are in various 
stages of construction ; in some cases from 60 
to over 80 per cent, of the construction has been 
done. On these fifteen capital ships now be- 
ing built over $330,000,000 have been spent. 
Still, the United States is willing, in the inter- 
est of an immediate limitation of naval arma- 
ment, to scrap all these ships. 

" The United States proposes, if this plan 
is accepted : 

" (1) To scrap all capital ships now under 
construction. This includes six battle cruisers 
and seven battleships on the ways and in course 
of building, and two battleships launched. 

" The total number of new capital ships thus 
to be scrapped is fifteen. The total tonnage of 
the new capital ships when completed would be 
618,000 tons. 

" (2) To scrap all of the older battleships 
up to, but not including, the Delaware and 
North Dakota. The number of these old battle- 
ships to be scrapped is fifteen. Their total 
tonnage is 227,740 tons. 

" Thus the number of capital ships to be 
scrapped by the United States, if this plan is 
accepted, is thirty, with an aggregate tonnage 
(including that of ships in construction, if 
completed) of 845,740 tons. 

" The plan contemplates that Great Britain 
and Japan shall take action which is fairly com- 
mensurate with this action on the part of the 
United States. 

" It is proposed that Great Britain — 

" ( 1 ) Shall stop further construction of the 
four new Hoods, the new capital ships not laid 
down but upon which money has been spent. 
These four ships, if completed, would have ton- 
nage displacement of 172,000 tons. 

" (2) Shall, in addition, scrap her pre-dread- 
naughts, second-line battleships and first-line 
battleships up to, but not including, the King 
George V class. 

" These, with certain pre-dreadnaughts which 
it is understood have already been scrapped, 
would amount to nineteen capital ships and a 
tonnage reduction of 411,375 tons. 

" The total tonnage of ships thus to be 
scrapped by Great Britain (including the ton- 

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nage of the four Hoods, if completed) would 
be 583,375 tons. 

" It is proposed that Japan — 

" (1) Shall abandon her program of ships not 
yet laid down, viz, the Kii, Owari, No. 7 and 
No. 8 battleships, and Nos. 5, 6, 7 and 8 
battle cruisers. 

" It should be observed that this does not in- 
volve the stopping of construction, as the con- 
struction of none of these ships has been begun. 

" (2) Shall scrap three capital ships (the 

" The total reduction of tonnage on vessels 
existing, laid down, or for which material has 
been assembled (taking the tonnage of the new 
ships when completed) would be 448,928 tons. 

" Thus, under this plan there would be im- 
mediately destroyed, of the navies of the three 
powers, 66 capital fighting ships, built and build- 
ing, with a total tonnage of 1,878,043. 

" It is proposed that it should be agreed by 
the United States, Great Britain and Japan that 
their navies, with respect to capital ships, with- 


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Mutsu, launched; the Tosa and Kago, in course 
of building), and four battlecruisers (the Amagi 
and Akagi, in course of building and the 
Atoga and Takao, not yet laid down, but 
for which certain material has been assembled). 

" The total number of new capital ships to 
be scrapped under this paragraph is seven. The 
total tonnage of these new capital ships, when 
completed, would be 289,100 tons. 

" (3) Shall scrap all pre-dreadnaughts and 
battleships of the second line. This would in- 
clude the scrapping of all ships up to but not 
including the Settsu — that is, the scrapping of 
ten older ships, with a total tonnage of 
159,828 tons. 

in three months after the making of the agree- 
ment shall consist of certain ships designated in 
the proposal and numbering for the United 
States 18, for Great Britain 22, for Japan 10. 

" The tonnage of these ships would be as 
follows: Of the United States, 500,650; of 
Great Britain, 604,450; of Japan, 299,700. In 
reaching this result, the age factor in the case of 
the respective navies has received appropri- 
ate consideration. 

" With respect to replacement, the United 
States proposes : 

" (1) That it be agreed that the first replace- 
ment tonnage shall not be laid down until ten 
years from the date of the agreement; 



" (2) That replacement be limited by an agreed 
maximum of capital ship tonnage as follows: 

" For the United States, 500,000 tons. 

"For Great Britain, 500,000 tons. 

" For Japan, 300,000 tons. 

" (3) That subject to the ten-year limitation 
above fixed and the maximum standard, 
capital ships may be re- 
placed when they are 
twenty years old by 
new capital ship con- 
struction ; 

" (4) That no capital 
ship shall be built in re- 
placement with a ton- 
nage displacement of 
more than 35,000 tons. 

" I have sketched the 
proposal only in out line, 
leaving the technical de- 
tails to be supplied by 
the formal proposition 
which is ready for sub- 
mission to the delegates. 

" The plan includes 
provision for the limi- 
tation of auxiliary com- 
batant craft. This term 
embraces three classes 
— that is, (1) auxiliary 
surface combatant 
craft, such as cruisers 
(exclusive of battle 
cruisers), flotilla lead- 
ers, destroyers and va- 
rious surface types; 

(2) submarines, and 

(3) airplane carriers. 
" I shall not attempt 

to review the pro- 
posals for these various 
classes, as they bear a 
definite relation to the 
provisions for capital 
fighting ships. 

" With the acceptance 
of this plan the burden 
of meeting the demands 
of competition in naval 
armament will be lifted. 
Enormous sums will be released to aid the pro- 
gress of civilization. At the same time the 
proper demands of national defense will be 
adequately met and the nations will have ample 
opportunity during the naval holiday of ten 
years to consider their future course. Prepara- 
tion for offensive naval war will stop now. 

" I shall not attempt at this time to take up 
the other topics which have been listed upon 
the tentative agenda proposed in anticipation 
of the conference." 

Copyright by Ul 

1 \" Underwood 





At the second plenary meeting in Me- 
morial Continental Hall, Rt. Hon. Arthur 
James Balfour, former prime minister 
of Great Britain and head of the British 
delegation, declared : 

" The Govern- 
ment of the United 
States has 
shown i t s inten- 
tion not merely to 
say that peace is a 
very good thing, 
that war is hor- 
rible, but there is a 
way by which wars 
can really be 
by which the bur- 
dens of peace, 
almost as intoler- 
able as the burdens 
of war, can read- 
ily be lightened for 
the populations of 
the world ... in 
doing that it has, 
believe me, made 
the first and open- 
ing day of this 
one of the land- 
marks of human 

Mr. Balfour 
paid a further 
tribute to the 
American project 
stating in his polished style of oratory: 

" This struggle to restore the world to the 
condition of equilibrium, so violently interfered 
with by five years of war, is one that taxes and 
must tax the efforts of everybody. And I con- 
gratulate you, if I may, Mr. Chairman, on the 
fact that you have added the new anniversary 
which will henceforth be celebrated in connec- 
tion with this movement toward reconstruction 



in the same spirit in which we welcomed the 
anniversary celebrated only a few hours ago, 
on the day on which hostilities came to an end. 
If the 11th of November, in the minds of the 
allied and associated powers — in the minds, per- 
haps, not less of all the neutrals — if that is a 
date imprinted on grateful hearts, I think No- 
vember 12th will also prove to be an anniversary 
welcomed and thought of in a grateful spirit by 
those who, in the future, shall look upon the 
arduous struggle now being made by the civil- 
ized nations of the world, not merely to re- 
store pre-war conditions, but to see that war 
conditions shall never again exist. 

" I count myself among the fortunate of the 
earth in that I was present and to that extent had 
a share in the proceed- 
ings of last Saturday. 
They were memorable, 
indeed. The secret was 
admirably kept. I hope 
that all the secrets, so 
long as they ought to 
be secrets of our dis- 
cussions, will be as 
well kept. In my less 
sanguine mood I might 
have doubts. B u t, 
however that may be, 
the secret in this case 
was most admirably 
kept, and I listened to 
a speech which I 
thought eloquent, 
appropriate in every 
way, a fitting prelude 
to the work of the con- 
ference which was 
about to open or which, 
indeed, had been 
opened by the Presi- 
dent, without supposing 
that anything very dra- 
matic lay behind. And 
suddenly I became 
aware that they were 
assisting not merely at an eloquent and ad- 
mirable speech, but at a great historical 
event. It was led up to with such art, the transi- 
tion seemed so natural that when the blow fell, 
when the speaker uttered the memorable words 
which have now gone around and found an 
echo in every quarter of the civilized world, it 
came as a shock of profound surprise; it ex- 
cited the sort of emotions we have when some 
wholly new event suddenly springs into view, 
and we felt that a new chapter in the history of 
world construction had been worthily opened." 

Following Mr. Balfour, the spokesmen 
for France, Italy, and Japan accepted the 

Copyright by Underwc 

d & Underwood. 


American proposals for limitation of 
armament in " spirit and principle," mak- 
ing only reservations for suggesting modi- 
fications of detail. Baron Admiral Kato 
for Japan, Senator Schanzer for Italy, 
and M. Briand for France, rose in their 
places and, praising in highest terms the 
plan and program suggested by the Ameri- 
can Government, gave the adherence of 
their governments to the general terms 
of the proposals. 

The third plenary session of the Con- 
ference met in Me- 
morial Continental 
Hall at eleven 
o'clock on Novem- 
ber 21, 1921, Hon- 
orable Charles E. 
Hughes, Chairman, 
presiding. It was 
held particularly 
for the purpose of 
allowing M. Briand 
to set forth the 
position of the 
French Govern- 
ment on land arm- 
aments. He told the 
Conference in de- 
tail that Germany 
was a constant 
menace to France 
and that bolshevik 
Russia also was a 
menace not to be overlooked. It was im- 
possible, he said, for France to reduce 
her armies to the extent that France 
would like to do. He pointed, out, how- 
ever, that there would be some substan- 
tial reduction within the year in the 
number of men kept under arms. M. 
Briand's speech was interpreted as 
meaning that the question of land 
armament, at least for the present con- 
ference, was closed. 

M. Briand is recognized as one of the 



great orators of the day and his speech 
was listened to with undivided attention. 
He laid stress upon the fact that there 
was need of moral disarmanent as well 
as physical disarmament, and declared 
that Germany had not morally disarmed. 
He insisted that potentially she was still 
physically armed, with millions of trained 
men and war materials easy to obtain. 

" I should be the last one here," declared M. 
Briand, " to try to restrict the noble endeavors 
which are being made here to limit armament. 
This Conference has been convened with noble 
purposes in view. I should like to be able to 
say that I foresee no limit, no restriction to 
your labors and to the results which you may 
achieve. Any question here can be debated and 
can be resolved upon, but I must draw your 
attention to one thing : Moral disarmament of 
France would be very dangerous. 

"Allow me to say it will be most unjust. 
We de not enjoy the sufficient condition. We 
should be ready to do it, but the time has not 
come yet to give up our defense for the sake 
of final peace in Europe. We have to know, 
however, that France is not morally isolated ; 
that she still has with her the men of good 
will, and the heart of all the people who have 
fought with her on the same battlefield." 

Assurances were given by Mr. Balfour 
for Great Britain, Secretary Hughes for 
the United States, Senator Schanzer for 
Italy, Baron Admiral Kato for Japan, and 
Baron de Cartier de Marchienne for Bel- 
gium that France is not morally isolated. 

Secretary Hughes said in part : 

" No words ever spoken by France have fallen 
upon deaf ears in the United States. The heart 
of America was thrilled by her valor and her 
sacrifice, and the memory of her stand for 
liberty is imperishable in this country, devoted 
to the institutions of liberty. It is evident 
from what M. Briand has said that what is 
essential at this time, in order that we may 
achieve the great ideal, is the will to peace. 
And there can be no hope of a will to peace 
until institutions of liberty and justice are se- 
cure among all peace-loving people. 

" May I say, in response to a word which 
challenged the attention of us all as it was 
uttered by M. Briand, that there is no moral 
isolation for the defenders of liberty and justice." 

At the call of the Secretary of State 
the fourth plenary session of the confer- 
ence met in Memorial Continental Hall on 
the morning of Saturday, December 10th, 
and United States Senator Henry Cabot 
Lodge presented a four-power agreement 
forthe preservation of peace in the Pacific. 
The draft of the treaty follows: 

The United States of America, the British 
Empire, France and Japan 

With a view to the preservation of the gen- 
eral peace and the maintenance of their rights 
in relation to their insular possessions and insu- 
lar dominions in the region of the Pacific ocean 

Have determined to conclude a treaty to this 
effect and have appointed as their plenipotenti- 

The President of the United States of 

His majesty the King of the United King- 
dom of Great Britain and Ireland and of the 
British dominions beyond the seas, Emperor 
of India and for the Dominion of Canada, for 
the Commonwealth of Australia, for the Do- 
minion of New Zealand, for India, the Presi- 
dent of the French Republic, his Majesty the 
Emperor of Japan, who, having communicated 
their full powers, found in good and due form, 
have agreed as follows : 


The high contracting parties agree as between 
themselves to respect their rights in relation to 
their insular possessions and insular dominions 
in the region of the Pacific ocean. 

If their should develop between any of the 
high contracting parties a controversy arising 
out of any Pacific question and involving their 
said rights which is not satisfactorily settled 
by diplomacy and is likely to affect the 
harmonious accord now happily subsisting 
between them, they shall invite the other 
high contracting parties to a joint confer- 
ence to which the whole subject will be re- 
ferred for consideration and adjustment. 

If the said rights are threatened by the aggres- 
sive action of any other power, the high con- 
tracting parties shall communicate with one 
another fully and frankly in order to arrive at 
an understanding as to the most efficient meas- 
ures to be taken, jointly or separately, to meet 
the exigencies of the particular situation. 

This agreement shall remain in force for ten 
years from the time it shall take effect, and 
after the expiration of said period it shall con- 



tinue to be in force subject to the right of any 
of the high contracting parties to terminate it 
upon twelve months' notice. 
This agreement shall be ratified as soon as 
possible in accordance with the constitutional 
methods of the high contracting parties and 
shall take effect on the deposit of ratifications, 
which shall take place at Washington, and there- 
upon the agreement between Great Britain and 
Japan, which was concluded at London on July, 
13, 1911, shall terminate. 

M. Viviani, head of the French dele- 
gation, M. Briand having returned to 
France; Mr. Balfour, heading the British 
delegation, and Prince Tokugawa, chief 
of the Japanese delegates, gave their 
assent to the new arrangement. They 
were followed by the chief delegates of 
the other powers represented, who also 
expressed their satisfaction with the 
treaty. Most interesting among these was 
the declaration of Minister Sze of China, 
who expressed " great satisfaction " at 
the work of the conference and gratifica- 
tion over the new treaty. He promised 
" whole hearted help in the maintenance 
of most friendly relations " in the Pacific 
and far east. 

Secretary Hughes was the last speaker : 

" Gentlemen," he said, " we have been deal- 
ing with a very simple question. I doubt if in 
all the world there may be found a diplomatic 
document of such great import couched in such 
simple terms. 

" I firmly believe that when this agreement 
takes effect we shall have gone farther in secur- 
ing an enduring peace than by anything that 
has yet been done." 

No other entrance in the United States 
ever had so many notables pass its por- 
tals as the Seventeenth Street doors of 
Memorial Continental Hall prior to 
the opening of each plenary ses- 
sion of the Conference. Crowded 
on the steps and slowly making their 
way upward were delegates, ambassadors, 
justices of the Supreme Court, Cabinet 
members, army and navy officers of high 

rank and attaches of varying degrees 
of eminence. 

Never before has there gathered in 
Washington such an aggregation of dis- 
tinguished foreigners, including states- 
men, soldiers, army and navy officers, 
masters of international jurisprudence 
and technical experts in many lines. The 
nine countries represented in the Con- 
ference sent of their best talent. 

The list of principal delegates, advis- 
ory boards, and staffs follow : 

The United States delegates — Charles Evans 
Hughes, Secretary of State; Elihu Root, ex-Secretary 
of State; Henry Cabot Lodge, senator from Massa- 
chusetts; Oscar W. Underwood, senator from Ala- 

Advisory committee — George Sutherland of Utah, 
ex-senator, Herbert C. Hoover, Secretary of Com- 

Limitation of armament — For the Department of 
State: Henry P. Fletcher, undersecretary of state; 
T. Reuben Clark, special counsel to the Department 
of State. 

For the War Department: Maj. Gen. George O. 
Squier, radio and electrical communications gener- 
ally; Maj. Gen. C. C. Williams, chief of ordnance; 
Brig. Gen. Williarrj Mitchell, aviation; Brig. Gen. 
Amos A. Fries, chemical warfare; Col. John A. McA. 
Palmer, organization and general military subjects; 
Col. B. H. Wells, organization and general military 
subjects; Lieut. Col. Stuart Heintzelman, military 
intelligence and organization of foreign armies; Dr. 
Louis Cohen, civilian radio engineer, Signal Corps. 
For the Navy Department: Theodore Roosevelt, 
assistant secretary of the navy; Admiral Robert E. 
Coontz, technical expert-general; Rear Admiral Wil- 
liam A. Moffet, aeronautics; Capt. William V. Pratt, 
technical expert-general; Capt. Frank H. Schofield, 
technical expert-general; Capt. Luke McNamee, tech- 
nical expert-general; Capt. Samuel W. Bryant, com- 
munications; L. W. Austin, radio. 

Chemical warfare— Prof. Edgar F. Smith, Univer- 
sity of Pennsylvania, and Army and Navy officers. 
Pacific and far eastern questions — John Van A. 
MacMurray, chief, division of far eastern affairs; 
Department of State; D. C. Poole, chief, division of 
Russian affairs, Department of State; Prof. E. T. 
Williams, formerly chief, division of far eastern 
affairs, Department of State; N. T. Johnson, Depart - 
rrent of State; E. L. Neville, Department of State; 
Prof. G. H. Blakeslee, Clark University; Stanley 
K. Hornbeck, Department of State; J. S. Abbott, 
Department of Commerce; F. P. Lockhart, Depart- 
ment of State; J. P. Jamieson, Department of State; 
Robert F. Leonard, Department of State; F. L. 
Mayer, Department of State; J. O. Denby, Depart- 
ment of State; and J. L. Donaldson, Department oi 
State. The four women appointed by President 
Harding on the advisory board were Mrs. Charles 
Sumner Bird, Massachusetts, Mrs. Katherine P. 
Edson. of California, Mrs. Eleanor Franklin Egan, 
New York and Mrs. Thomas G. Winter, Minnesota, 
president general Federation of Women's clubs. 

For the Navy— Admiral Robert E. Coontz, Rear 
Admiral William A. Moffet, Capt. William V. Pratt, 
Capt. Frank H. Schofield, Caot. Luke McNamee, 
Capt. Samuel W. Bryant, L. W. Austin. 

British Delegation 

Delegates— The Rt. Hon. David Lloyd George, 
O. M. Prime minister and first lord of the treas- 
ury (as soon as circumstances permit); the Rt. 
Hon. A. J. Balfour, O. M., M. P.; the Rt. Hon. Lord 



Lee of Fareham, G. B. E., K. C. B. ; the Rt. Hon. 
Sir Auckland Geddes, K. C. B. (in the absence of the 
prime minister or any other delegates). 

Canada — The Rt. Hon. Sir Robert Borden, G. C. M. 
G., K. C. 

Australia — Senator the Hon. G. F. Pearce, Aus- 
tralian minister of defense. 

New Zealand — Sir John Salmond, K. C., judge of 
the supreme court of New Zealand. 

India — The Rt. Hon. Sprinivasa Sastri, member of 
the vice regal council of the government of India. 

Foreign office section — R. A. C. Sperling, C. M. G., 
counselor in H. M. diplomatic service, assistant 
secretary in charge of the American department of 
the foreign office. The Rt. Hon. Sir John Tordon, 
G. C. I. E., K. C. B., G. C. M. G., forme'rly H. 
M. minister of Peking. 

camp to Air Vice Marshal Higgins; Flight Lieut. 
R. Gambier-Parry. 

Delegates From France 

Delegates — M. Aristide Briand, president to the 
council, minister of foreign affairs; M. Rene Vivianl, 
deputy, former president of the council; M. Albert 
Sarraut, senator, minister of colonies, and M. Jules 
Jusserand, ambassador of France to the United States. 

Secretary general — Philippe Berthelot, secretary 
general of ministry of foreign affairs, with rank of 
ambassador of France, and Massigli, assistant sec- 
retary general. 

Experts chosen: 

For military questions — Gen. Buat, Col. Roure, Col. 
Requin, Capitaine Koetz and Lieut, de Colbert. 

For naval questions — Admiral de Bon, Capitaine 
de Vaisseau Frochet, M. Dupuy, Capitaine de cor- 

Copyright by Underwood & Underwood 



Admiraltv section — Admiral of the Fleet Earl 
Beatty, O. M., G. C. B., G. C. V. O., D. S. O., first 
sea lord; Paymaster Capt. F. T. Spickernell, C. B., 
D. S. O., secretary to Earl Beatty; Rear Admiral 
Sir A. E. M. Chatfield, K. C. M. G., C. B., C. V. O., 
assistant chief of naval staff. 

War orice section — Gen. the Earl of Cavan, K. P., 
G. C. M. G., K. C. B., M. V. O., G. O. C, Aler- 
shot command; Lieut. E. H. Gage, M. C, aide-de- 
camp to Lord Cavan; Col. W. H. Bartholomew, C. 
B., C. M. G., D. S. O., deputy director of military 
intelligence; Col. C. A. Ker, C. M. G., C. B. E., 
D. S. O., military intelligence. 

Air ministry section — Air Vice Marshal J. F. A. 
Higgins, C. B., D. S. O., A. F. C, second in com- 
mand, inland area, Uxbridge; Group Capt. T. A. 
Chamier, C. M. G., D. S. O., O. B. E., deputy direc- 
tor, directorate of operations and intelligence; Flight 
Lieut. A. R. Arnold, D. S. O., D. F. G, aide-de- 

vette Odendal and Lieut, de vaisseau d'Anselme. 

For legal questions — M. Fromageot. 

For political questions — M. Kammerer, minister 
plenipotentiary, and M. Legar, secretary of embassy. 

For financial and economic questions — M. Casenave, 
minister plenipotentiary, and M. Cheysson. 

For colonial questions — M. Duchesne, M. Touzet, 
M. Gamier and M. Geraud. 

For aeronautical questions — Capitaine Robert. 

For cables and wireless telegraph — M. Girardeau. 

For chemical warfare — M. Moureu. 

For the press — M. Ponsot, M. Corbin, M. Carteron 
and Dr. Chatin. 

Interpreters — M. Camerlynck and M. Denaint. 
Italian Delegates 

Delegates — H. E. Carlo Schanzer, senator, presi- 
dent of the delegation; H. E. Vittorio Rolandi Ricci, 
Italian ambassador; H. E. Senator Luigi Albertini, 



and H. E. Representative Filippo Meda. 

Military advisors — H. E. Lieut. Gen. Giuseppe Vac- 
cafi, chief of staff of Italian amy; Lieut. Col. 
Natale Pentimalli and Lieut. Col. Curia Barbassetti. 

Naval advisers — H. E. Vice Admiral Baron Ferdi- 
nando Acton, Commander Prince Fabrizio Ruspoli 
and Lieut. Giulio Ragadeo di Torrequadra. 

Aviation advisors — Col. Riccardo Meizo, military 
aviation, and Lieut. Col. Alexxandro Guidoni, naval 

Baron Kato Heads Japanese Delegation 

Delegates — Admiral Baron Tomosaburo Kato, min- 
ister for the navy, Baron Kijuro Shidehara, ambas- 
sador at Washington; Prince Iyesato Tokugawa, 
president of the house of peers. 

Secretary general — Masanao Hanihara, vice minis- 
ter for foreign affairs. Owing to the illness of 
Ambassador Shidehara, Mr. Hanihara was appointed 
a delegate in his place. 

Naval experts— Vice Admiral Kanji Kato, imperial 
Japanese navy; Capt. Katsuroshin Yarranashi, I. J. 
N. ; Capt. Masabaru Kojima, I. J. N.; Capt. Kich- 
isaburo Nomura, I. J. N. ; Capt. Nobumasa Suet- 
sugu, I. J. N. ; Capt. O. Nagano, I. J. N. ; Capt. 
Yoshitake Uyeda, I. J. N. ; Commander Teikichi, 
Hori, I. J. N. ; Commander Oasaharu Hibino, 
I. J. N. ; Lieut. Commander Akiro Kuragano, I. J. 
N. ; Lieut. Commander H. Taji, I. J. N. ; First Lieut. 
Torao Kuwahara, I. J. N. ; First Lieut. Yoshihiko 
Mito, I. J. N. ; Paymaster Daisuke Takei, I. J. N. ; 
S. Yenometo, counselor to the navy department; 
K. Shima, assistant; F. Ono, assistant, and T. Kom- 
atsu, private secretary to Admiral Kato. 

Military experts — Maj. Gen. Kunishike Tanaka, 
imperial Japanese army; Maj. Gen. Sawaji Otake, I. 
J. A.; Maj. Gen. Hatsutaro Haraguchi, I. J. A.; 
Lieut. Col. Uaruji Takekawa, I. J. A.; Lieut. Col. 
Noboru Morita, I. J. A.; Maj. Kanichiro Tashiro, I. 
J. A.; Maj. Tsunenari Hara, I. J. A.; Maj. Tanehide 
Fvirushiro, I. J. A.; Maj. Kanichi Nishihara, I. J. A.; 
Capt. Takamasu Iseki, Dr. K. Morishima, Genjiro 
Watanabe, T. Kaizuka, assistant, and T. Furusawa, 

Ambassador Belgium's Delegate 

Delegate — Baron de Cartier de Marchienne, Bel- 
gian ambassador to the United States. 

Technical advisers — Felicien Cattier, president of 
the Banque d'Outremer and honorary professor of 
Brussels L T niversity; Chevalier de Wouters d'Oplin- 
ter, vice president of the Banque Beige pour 
l'Etranger and ex-legal adviser to the Chinese gov- 
ernment, and Jules Jadot, head manager of the Lung- 
Hai railroad. 

Attache — Lemaire de Warzee d'Hermalle, counselor 
of embassy, attached to Belgian delegation. 

Secretary general — Pol le Tellier, first secretary of 

Assistant secretary general — Robert Silvercruys, 
secretary of embassy. 

Chinese Delegation 

Delegates — Sao-Ke Alfred Sze, minister at Wash- 
ington; Vi Kyuin Wellington Koo, minister at Lon- 
don; Dr. Chung-Hui Wang, chief justice of the 
supreme court, and Choa-Chu Wu. 

Superior advisers — Yu Liang (M. T. Liang), ex- 
minister of foreign affairs, and Tzu-Chi Chow, 
recently minister of finance. 

Advisers — Vice Admiral Ting-Kam Tsai, associate 
director of the revenue council; Lieut. Gen. Fu 
Hwang, adviser in the president's office; Chia-Jui 
Wang, secretary of the bureau of printing and 
engraving of the cabinet; Wen-Kan Lo, vice director 
of law codification bureau, former chief of Peking 
procurator's court, and Dr. Hawkling Yen. 

Delegation From Netherlands 

Delegation — Jonkheer H. A. van Karnebeek, minis- 
ter of foreign affairs; Jonkheer F. Beelaerts van 
Blokland, chief of the political division of the min- 
istry of foreign affairs; Dr. E. Moresco, secretary 
general of the ministry for the colonies appointed 
vice president of the council of the Netherlands and 
East Indies. 

Alternate delegates — Dr. J. C. A. Everwijn, 
Netherlands minister in Washington; Jonkheer W. 
H. de Beaufort, counselor of legation, Washington, 

appointed minister to Greece 

Two Delegates From Portugal 

Delegates — Viscount d'Alte, Portuguese minister at 
Washington; Capt. Ernesto Vasconcellos, director of 
diplomatic service in ministry of colonies. Secre- 
tary interpreter, J. Montalto de Jesus. 

Secretary of State Hughes frequently 
emphasized the admonition that it was a 
conference, not a court nor a jury. No 
nations or a peoples were on trial. No 
majority vote, with one or more nations 
dissenting or protesting, determined the 
policy finally decided upon. It was by 
unanimous consent, which naturally in- 
volved concessions, sacrifice perhaps ; 
forbearance and the principle of give 
and take. 

It was on July 10, 1921, that official an- 
nouncement was made of the first move 
to bring about the conference. There 
had been much talk the world over of 
some international effort to limit arma- 
ment. By July 27th it was possible for 
the Department of State to announce that 
Great Britain, France and Italy had ex- 
pressed their approval and their readi- 
ness to receive the President's suggested 
invitation. Announcement was made in 
August of the sending of the formal in- 
vitation to Great Britain, France and 
Japan. The invitations were cabled by 
the Secretary of State to our embassies 
for delivery to the foreign office of the 
respective governments. The text of the 
invitation follows, the only difference be- 
ing in the name of the government: 

" The President is deeply gratified at the 
cordial response to his suggestion that there 
should be a conference on the subject of limita- 
tion of armament, in connection with which 
Pacific and far eastern questions should also 
be discussed. 

" Productive labor is staggering under an 
economic burden too heavy to be borne unless 
the present vast public expenditures are greatly 
reduced. It is idle to look for stability or the 
assurance of social justice, or the security of 
peace, while wasteful and unproductive outlays 
deprive effort of its just reward and defeat 
the reasonable expectation of progress. The 
enormous disbursements in the rivalries of 
armaments manifestly constitute the greater 



part of the incumbrance upon enterprise and 
national prosperity ; and unavoidable or extrava- 
gant expense of this nature is not only without 
economic justification but is a constant menace 
to the peace of the world rather than an assur- 
ance of its preservation. 

" Yet there would seem to be no ground to 
expect the halting of these increasing outlays 
unless the powers most largely concerned find 
a satisfactory basis for an agreement to effect 
their limitation. The time is believed to be 
opportune for these powers to approach this 
subject directly and in conference, and while, i:i 
the discussion of limitation of armament, the 
question of naval armament may naturally have 
first place, it has been thought best not to ex- 
clude questions pertaining to other armament to 
the end that all practicable measures of relief 
may have appropriate consideration. It may 
also be found advisable to formulate pro- 
posals by which, in the interest of humanity, 
the use of new agencies of warfare may be 
suitably controlled. 

" It is, however, quite clear that there can be 
no final assurance of the peace of the world in 
the absence of the desire for peace, and the pros- 
pect of reduced armaments is not a hopeful one 
unless this desire finds expression in a practi- 
cal effort to remove causes of misunderstand- 
ing and to seek ground for agreement as to 
principles and their application. It is the earn- 
est wish of this government that through an 
interchange of views with the facilities afforded 
by a conference it may be possible to find a 
solution of Pacific and far eastern problems, of 
unquestioned importance at this time — that is, 
such common understanding with respect to 
matters which have been and are of interna- 
tional concern as may serve to promote endur- 
ing friendship among our peoples. 

" It is not the purpose of this government to 
attempt to define the scope of the discussion in 
relation to the Pacific and far east, but rather 
to leave this to be the subject of suggestions to 
be exchanged before the meeting of the con- 
ference, in the expectation that the spirit of 
friendship and a cordial appreciation of the im- 
portance of the elimination of sources of con- 
troversy will govern the final decision. 

" Accordingly, in pursuance of the proposal 
which has been made, and in the light of the 
gracious indication of its acceptance, the Presi- 
dent invites the government of (Great Britain) 
to participate in a conference on the subject of 
limitation of armament, in connection with which 
Pacific and far eastern questions will also be 
discussed, to be held in Washington on the 11th 
day of November. 1921." 

On the same date, August 11th, the 
Secretary of State, on behalf of the 

President, sent a formal invitation to the 
Republic of China to participate in the dis- 
cussion of Pacific and far eastern ques- 
tions in connection with the conference. 

Ambassador Her rick, on August 15th, 
cabled the acceptance by the French Gov- 
ernment of the invitation; the Republic 
of China, three days later, sent their ac- 
ceptance, while Great Britain's accept- 
ance, which was contained in a note 
delivered to Ambassador Harvey by 
Lord Curzon, was made public on August 
22nd. Japan's acceptance was made pub- 
lic on August 24th, and her note to this 
Government attracted world-wide atten- 
tion, because of the length of time elap- 
sing before it was sent. Italy, on 
September 1st, it was announced by the 
Department of State, signified her 
acceptance of the invitation to attend 
the conference. 

It was found advisable to include three 
more nations in the conference on account 
of their recognized special interests in 
the settlement of far eastern questions — 
Belgium, Holland, and Portugal, and on 
October 4th invitations were sent to them. 
Their acceptance followed. 

That the first plenary session of the 
Conference described by Mr. Balfour as 
"one of the landmarks in human civiliza- 
tion," and all other plenary sessions were 
held in Memorial Continental Hall, the 
headquarters of the National Society, 
Daughters of the American Revolution 
and the only building built entirely by 
women, was brought about by the tender 
of the Hall to the Secretary of State by 
Mrs. George Maynard Minor, President 
General of the National Society. 

The President General's letter to Secre- 
tary Hughes offering the Hall and his 
acceptance follow : 

September 10. 1921. 
The Honorable Secretary of State 
Charles E. Hughes 



Department of State 
Washington, D. C. 
Dear Sir : 

I am advised that during my absence in Eu- 
rope, where I have been in the interest of the 
work of this Society, a visit was paid to Me- 
morial Continental Hall by representatives of 
the State Department, with a view to ascertain- 
ing what the prospects might be for holding 
meetings therein incidental to the Conference 
on the Limitation of Armament. 

I have but just returned and in the name of 
the National Society, Daughters of the Ameri- 
can Revolution, I take this first opportunity to 
tender to your Department the use of the audi- 
torium in Memorial Continental Hall for any 
meetings you may desire to hold therein at any 
time during the Conference. 

The National Society, Daughters of the 
American Revolution counts it a privilege to 
serve the Government whenever it may be called 
upon to do so. Especially would we consider 
it a privilege if we might even in this slight 
measure aid in the restoration of peace to the 
world. Therefore, I take great pleasure in 
offering at this time the use of our auditorium 
or such other parts of the building as are avail- 
able for meetings of the Conference on the 
Limitation of Armament. 

Yours respectfully, 

Anne Rogers Minor, 

President General. 

Department of State 

September 14, 1921. 
Mrs. George Maynard Minor, 
President General, 

National Society Daughters of the American 

Memorial Continental Hall, 
Washington, D. C. 
Madam : 

I wish to express at once my appreciation of 
your letter of September 10 in which you tender 
for use during the Conference on the Limita- 
tion of Armament the auditorium and such 
other parts of Memorial Continental Hall as 
are available, and wish you would convey to 
your Society my thanks for the cooperation 
which you propose to extend. For your greater 
convenience I have designated an officer of this 
Department to confer with you in more detail 
as to how your offer may be accepted to best 
advantage and with the least derangement of 
your own plans. 
I am, Madam, 

Your obedient servant, 

Charles E. Hughes. 

On the day of the regular fall meeting 

of the National Board of Management, 
October 18th, the President General was 
informed by a representative of the De- 
partment of State that Secretary Hughes 
had accepted the tender of Memorial 
Continental Hall for the plenary sessions 
of the conference. The President Gen- 
eral, pledging the members of the Board 
to secrecy until the news was released 
officially by the State Department, told 
them of the message from the Secretary 
of State. The information was received 
with interest, all the members expressing 
delighted approval of the plan. 

A second letter from Secretary Hughes 
to the President General went more fully 
into detail. It read as follows: 

Department o? State 

October 22, 1921. 
Mrs. George Maynard Minor, 

President General, 

National Society, Daughters of the American 


Memorial Continental Hall, 
Washington, D. C. 
Madam : 

Referring to your generous offer to place 
Memorial Continental Hall at the disposal of 
the Conference on the Limitation of Arma- 
ment, I am very much gratified now to learn 
that you are willing we should use the Hall 
regularly for the plenary sessions of the Con- 
ference, and are even willing that we should 
stage over the main floor seats, in order to se- 
cure additional space level with the stage. 

As you are aware, this alteration, to which 
you have so kindly consented, will be carried 
out with the assistance of the Navy Depart- 
ment and when the Conference is ended this 
Department will see that the Hall is restored 
to its original condition. 

Allow me to assure you that the changes will 
be carried out with the greatest possible care 
and with a full appreciation of the necessity 
to avoid all chance of marring your building. 
The representative of the Secretary of the 
Navy, with whom the Department has conferred 
informally, has given cordial assurance of his 
cooperation to the fullest extent. I need 
scarcely add that the expenses incurred, in this 
connection will be met from the appropriation 
for the Conference. 

As I think you are aware, the arrangements, 
which your offer has made possible, will tend 



very much to the successful conduct of this 
important international gathering and I trust 
you will accept in that sense my thanks for 
your assistance. 
I am, Madam, 

Your obedient servant, 

Charles E. Hughes. 

In arranging the auditorium for the 
conference sessions the seats on the 
ground floor were removed and the floor 
raised to the level of the stage. Here was 
placed the U-shaped council table, meas- 
uring more than 100 feet, around which 
sat the heads of the delegations. Repre- 
sentatives of the press from all parts of 
the world occupied seats under the galler- 
ies. The north gallery was reserved for 
members of the U. S. House of Repre- 
sentatives ; the west gallery for the 
United States Senate ; while members of 
the U. S. Supreme Court, the Cabinet, 
and the diplomats accredited to the 
United States occupied the south gallery. 
Seats in the boxes overlooking the stage 
were reserved for Mrs. Harding, wife of 
the President of the United States ; Mrs. 
Coolidge, wife of the Vice President ; 
Mrs. Hughes, wife of the Secretary of 
State; Madame Jusserand, wife of the 
French Ambassador ; Lady Geddes, wife 
of the British Ambassador, and Mrs. 
George Maynard Minor, President Gen- 
eral of the National Society. 

Each plenary session of the conference 
has been marked with simplicity and dig- 
nity, and the audiences received the ex- 
pressions of the distinguished statesmen 
with applause and at the conclusion of 
especially significant declarations arose 
and stood. 

Delegates freely expressed their ap- 
preciation of the beautiful Hall and the 
arrangements made for their comfort. 
Persons who had attended the Peace 
Conference at Versailles, France, con- 
trasted the Hall favorably, stating that 
only a small attendance of the public was 
ever permitted at Versailles, and that visi- 
tors admitted to the Peace Conference 
and the delegates themselves had diffi- 
culty in either seeing or hearing events, 
whereas in Memorial Continental Hall 
every word uttered during the sessions 
could be distinctly heard in every part of 
the auditorium and no difficulty was ex- 
perienced in seeing all that transpired. 

The following editorial is reprinted 
from the Washington Post: 


The United States government and Ameri- 
cans generally owe a debt of gratitude to the 
Daughters of the American Revolution for their 
generosity in lending Memorial Continental 
Hall for the plenary meetings of the confer- 
ence on limitation of armament. The National 
Capital is fortunate in having such a building. 
It is admirably adapted to the uses of the con- 
ference. The delegations are seated where all 
can see and hear well and there is ample room 
for the advisory delegations that are in attend- 
ance. The balconies afford additional space 
for the diplomatic corps and for the general 
public. The lighting of the auditorium is ex- 
cellent and the acoustic properties are all that 
could be desired. The corridors enable visitors 
to meet and mingle without confusion. 

The sessions of the conference have been 
marked by dignity and simplicity. The audi- 
ence is keenly responsive, but always orderly. 
The delegates, some of them men of world-wide 
fame, are always in view and can be easily 
heard by every one within eyesight. No other 
building in Washington would have been as 
suitable for this international gathering. 


EMORIAL Continental Hall is the 
scene of events upon which the fu- 
ture of the world hangs suspended. 
The Conference on the Limitation of 
Armament and Far Eastern Prob- 
lems is marking an epoch in the 
world's history. From our stately 
Hall the voice of destiny will sound forth to 
the world, and the voice of destiny is the voice 
of God. It has seemed to me as I have sat 
listening at all the public sessions of the Con- 
ference, which have been held in our Hall, that 
the atmosphere was full of spiritual forces; it 
has seemed as if the power of the spirit was at 
work and that these men of many nations were 
yielding to its influence more than ever before 
in the world's history. The Conference is keyed 
to a spiritual note, raised above the level of 
diplomatic manoeuvring for material advantage. 
In the beginning it was opened with prayer — 
an incident which was in itself unusual, as evi- 
denced by the comment it occasioned in the dis- 
patches of a few correspondents. It convened 
in an atmosphere still charged with uplifted 
thoughts aroused by the honors paid to our 
Unknown Dead, when the memory of supreme 
sacrifices made in a common cause, a common 
struggle for righteousness and justice, had 
drawn the nations once more together in the 
same spirit in which the> had fought together 
in the World War for liberty and civilization. 
The spirituality of those supreme moments 
when the nation dedicated itself once more at 
the bier of its dead to the high ideals for which 
it had given its sons, when our allies brought 
their tributes consecrated by the sacred memo- 
ries of the millions of lives which they had 
given — the spirituality of a time like that could 
not help but communicate itself to the Confer- 
ence. If we believe in the power of the spirit at 
all we must believe in its influence now upon the 
minds of the men assembled around the table in 
the great auditorium of Memorial Continental 
Hall — a memorial erected to the great souls of 
the nation's founders, the men and women of 76, 
who also made supreme sacrifices for liberty. 

righteousness and justice. Thus the great na- 
tions that won the war against the spirit of 
war and militarism are met together again to 
win peace, to put the seal of security upon the 
priceless things of the spirit rescued at such 
cost from the materialistic onslaughts of Ger- 
man imperialism. East and West, Christian 
and non-Christian, are working together as 
never before to reduce the burdens of humanity 
and promote mutual understanding and good- 
will among nations — for all that nations have 
to do is to understand one another, to have due 
consideration for one another's needs, and the 
Golden Rule will be an accomplished fact. The 
spirit of the Conference is working in that di- 
rection ; it is moving steadily toward the high 
goal of world peace, justice, good-will and a 
firmer fellowship among men. England and 
America are being drawn even closer together 
than ever before in the bonds of a mutual under- 
standing and solidarity of interests. When one 
English-speaking nation leads the way in offer- 
ing a great naval sacrifice on the altar of 
limitation of armament, and the other said, " I 
am with you," the world took a long step 
toward peace ; for as long as the British Em- 
pire and the United States of America work 
together in a common cause, the world is safe 
from brute force and aggression. Animated 
by the spirit of liberty and justice, which has 
ever followed in the foot-steps of the Anglo- 
Saxon, the vast English-speaking dominions of 
these two peace-loving, self-governing coun- 
tries will bring peace and security to the world. 
And for France, the heroic bulwark of 
civilization on the Rhine, there was no need to 
fear a " moral isolation." " That would be a 
tragedy indeed," said Mr. Balfour, speaking for 
Britain in that hushed, tense moment following 
M. Briand's plea for France's national safety. 
Then slowly, distinctly, deliberately, the Eng- 
lishman continued : " If again the lust of 
domination which has been the curse of Eu- 
rope for so many generations should threaten 
the peace, the independence, the self -develop- 
ment, of our neighbors and allies ; how should 



it be possible .... that we who have done 
so much for the great cause of international 
liberty should see that cause perish before our 
eyes rather than make further sacrifices in its 
defense?" Italy, Belgium, Japan, rallied to 
France. Then America. " No words ever 
spoken by France have fallen upon deaf ears in 
the United States," said Secretary Hughes, and, 
" there is no moral isolation for the defenders 
of justice and liberty." Thus the allied nations 
stood together and pledged France their moral 
support. These words were not glittering diplo- 
matic generalities. They were spoken by the 
leaders of nations under stress of tense emo- 
tion, they aroused the applause of the audience, 
listening breathlessly, packed to the ceiling ; 
they will echo down the ages as the expression 
of the inner meaning and spirit of the Confer- 
ence, the spirit of union and mutual support. 
That they have gone forth from our Memorial 
Continental Hall should thrill the soul of every 
Daughter of the American Revolution. Let 
us remember them whenever, and if ever faith 
falters, for they are words of men who are 
blazing a trail towards a more loving and under- 

standing world wherein the will to peace shall 
supplant, please God, the Hunnish will to war. 

This is my message to you from Memorial 
Continental Hall in this dawn of a New Year, 
and perhaps of a new Era. Let us have faith 
that the unseen hosts of God are guiding the 
minds and hearts of the men assembled in Me- 
morial Continental Hall, for thus shall they 
be lead into the ways of peace and mutual 
confidence, and the Unknown Soldier's sacri- 
fice shall not have been made in vain. On 
Armistice Day I brought to him our Society's 
floral tribute of reverent and grateful remem- 
brance; but a far greater tribute is ours to 
offer him, in the tribute of loyalty to the things 
for which he died. These are the things that 
count in the world, the things that the world 
is reaching out for, the things the Conference 
is striving for in Memorial Continental Hall, 
where the allied flags are again standing to- 
gether for the maintenance of justice and good 
faith, mercy and truth, liberty and civilization, 
and the peace which depends upon all. 

Wishing you a glad New Year. 

Anne Rogers Minor. 
President General. 


When navies are forgotten, 
And fleets are useless things, 

When the dove shall warm her bosom 
Beneath the eagle's wings, — 

When memory of battles 

At last is strange and old, 
When nations have one banner 

And creeds have found one fold, — 

When the Hand that sprinkles midnight 
With its powdered drift of suns 

Has hushed this tiny tumult 

Of sects and swords and guns, — 

Then Hate's last note of discord 
In all God's worlds shall cease, 

In the conquest which is service. 
In the victory which is peace ! 


Word has reached the President General that persons are representing 
themselves as relatives of hers and also of other officers of our Society, solicit- 
ing money under false pretenses. 

All members of the Society are warned that these appeals are fraudulent, 
and the President General requests that an effort be made to bring such 
impostors to the attention of their local police department. 

Anne Rogers Minor, 
President General, N. S. D. A. R. 


By Sarah E. Guernsey 
Chairman, Administration Building Committee 

NUMBER of States and several 
individual members have re- 
quested the privilege of finishing 
and furnishing rooms in the new 
Daughters of the American Rev- 
olution Administration Build- 
ing, or of supplying certain details of the 
construction either as memorials or as 
free gifts. 

Connecticut has asked to furnish the 
President General's suite on the second 
floor, Nebraska has taken the office of the 
Reporter General to the Smithsonian 
Institution, this gift in honor of Mrs. 
Charles H. Aull, past State Regent and 
Vice President from that State; North 
Carolina has taken the office of the His- 
torian General, and New Hampshire the 
office of the Corresponding Secre- 
tary General. 

Pennsylvania has taken two communi- 
cating Committee rooms which they will 
furnish as rest rooms, and at the State 
Conference of that State the amount of 
money necessary was over-subscribed in 
a very few moments. This gift from 
Pennsylvania was made in celebration of 
the twenty-fifth annual State Conference. 

The National Society, Children of the 
American Revolution, will also furnish a 
committee room. The National Offi- 
cers' Club has asked for the small audi- 
torium that the new building will have on 
the second floor for smaller meetings and 
meetings of the larger committees. 

South Carolina, Oregon, Washington, 
Wisconsin, Florida, and Colorado have 
asked for rooms, the particular ones de- 
sired not yet having been decided upon. 

The Treasurer General has asked the 
privilege of furnishing the private office 
of the Treasurer General, and several 
memorial gifts are being considered 
by members. 

The cost of furnishing and finishing the 
various rooms ranges from one to three 
thousand dollars, depending upon the size 
and particular needs of each room. 

Besides the various rooms to be 
finished and furnished there are a number 
of special architectural features suitable 
for gifts and memorials, and the Commit- 
tee will be most happy to give informa- 
tion to interested members, chapters and 
States. Address all communications to 
Mrs. George Thacher Guernsey, Inde- 
pendence, Kansas. 


By Major Edwin N. McClellan, U.S.M.C. 

N no war have the achievements 
of the American Marines been 
more brilliant than in the Revo- 
lution. They served on board 
all of the war vessels of the 
Continental Navy, on those of 
the various State Navies, and on all of 
the privateers. There was probably not 
a naval engagement fought during the 
Revolution in which the musketry fire of 
the Marines was not an important factor, 
and as " boarders " and in repelling 
" boarders," the Marines distinguished 
themselves. They participated in all of 
the sea-fights and in many historic land- 
ing-parties such as at Whitehaven, Eng- 
land, in 1778. While the Marines thus 
made naval history their own, they added 
to it that part in which they served with 
the Army as Army troops. They joined 
the Army, on at least one occasion, and 
fought under George Washington at the 
Battles of Trenton, Assanpink, and 
Princeton, while on a later date they 
cooperated with the Army and Navy in 
the Penobscot Expedition, in 1779. They 
also served as artillery in Washington's 
Army for a short space of time. They 
were ordered to Fort Montgomery in 
New York, and also guarded enemy 
prisoners. They had barracks at Phila- 
delphia and at other points and at times 
guarded naval property ashore. In addi- 

tion to their own recruiting they also 
assisted that of the Navy. 

Up to the present there has not been 
compiled a record containing the names 
of all the officers who served as Marines. 
Efforts have been made but the results 
are but suggestive of how helpful and how 
interesting a complete list would be. No 
history of the Marine Corps contains even 
a partial list of the Marine Officers of the 
Revolution and there is no source from 
which to ascertain whether or not a cer- 
tain person ever was commissioned in 
the Marines. 

Probably the earliest list prepared was 
that by Doyle Sweeney of the " Treasury 
Department, Auditor's Office," dated 
" March 18, 1794." At the bottom of 
Sweeney's list, which contains many 
names, appears the following notation : 

" No regular records appear to have 
been kept of the appointments made in 
the Marine Department, and it is not 
to be wondered at when it is con- 
sidered how many persons and Boards 
were vested with authority to make 

" The foregoing list is formed from 
the Minutes of the Marine Committee and 
Navy Board, and from the rolls of the 
several vessels." 

Others, such as Charles Oscar Paullin, 
have assisted materially in the assem- 




bling of these names, and it is hoped that 
eventually a complete and accurate list 
will be compiled. 

As high an authority as J. Fenimore 
Cooper wrote in 1839, that many naval 
and Marine Officers " had merely letters 
of appointment." There are, however, 
sufficient commissions in existence, to 
show that Marine officers were duly ap- 
pointed and commissioned. Samuel 
Nicholas, who was commissioned cap- 
tain on November 28, 1775, probably 
received the first commission. In addi- 
tion to the Continental Marine officers 
there were a large number of Marine 
officers who served in the States' Marines 
and on board the privateers. 

The names and data included in the fol- 
lowing list have been secured by a diligent 
search of the Papers of Congress, Jour- 
nals of Congress, Minutes of the Marine 
Committee and Navy Board, correspond- 
ence of officers, muster rolls of the 
Marines and the several war vessels, 
State archives, correspondence with de- 
scendants of officers, and the Continental 
records and books published, etc. 


Samuel Nicholas (the following data 
is additional to that published in this 
Magazine for June, 1921) : Appointed 
Captain of Marines, November 28, 1775; 
served on Alfred from that date until the 
summer of 1776; commanded 200 
Marines and 70 Bluejackets in capture 
of New Providence, Bahamas, March 3, 
1776; on board Alfred, off Long Island, 
when Hopkin's Squadron engaged the 
Glasgow, April 6, 1776; reported to 
Marine Committee at Philadelphia in 
June, 1776, and assigned to duties of 
administering affairs of Marines ; pro- 
moted Major of Marines, June 25, 1776; 
after the Battle of Princeton accompan- 
ied Washington north to Morristown, 

where his battalion was assigned to artil- 
lery duty; in early summer of 1777, re- 
turned to Philadelphia and resumed his 
usual duties ; the records show that from 
this date until at least April 28, 1783, he 
was on duty in Philadelphia, despite stren- 
uous efforts to secure more active duty ; 
part of this period he was " Muster Mas- 
ter in the Department." 


Gideon Adair : Recommended for com- 
mission as Captain of Marines by 
Stephen Steward ; no information dis- 
covered as to whether he was appointed. 

Edward (or Edmond) Arrowsmith : 
A letter dated February 6, 1777, from 
Esek Hopkins to John Paul Jones, Bos- 
ton, was addressed " per Capt. Arrow- 
smith " ; on July 2, 1777, John Paul Jones 
wrote : " I obtained for Captain Arrow- 
smith his present commission and intro- 
duced him into the service at first ; " acted 
as recruiting officer for the Ranger (John 
Paul Jones) under Captain Matthew 
Parke in July, 1777, at Providence, R. I. ; 
Papers of Continental Congress show that 
Arrowsmith was commissioned as Cap- 
tain of Marines on October 20, 1778. 

Seth Baxter : Commissioned as Cap- 
tain of Marines on February 2, 1779; 
joined the Frigate Boston, February 
17, 1779. 

Blake : Detailed from the First 

South Carolina Infantry to command the 
Marine Guard of the General Moultrie 
which vessel was assisting the Randolph 
when she blew up in the fight with the 
Yarmouth, on March 7, 1778. 

Abraham Boyce : Serving on the Con- 
federacy on January 1, 1780. 

William Brown : Appointed February 
16, 1776; served on flagship Montgom- 
ery of the Pennsylvania State Navy; 
present at Battles of Trenton, Assanpink 
and Princeton. 



Robert Caldwell : Appointed April 12, 
1779; commanded Marines on board 
the General Green, Pennsylvania State 

Dennis Cary: Commissioned Captain 
of Marines, June 21, 1777, and on that 
date was recorded as " unemployed 
at Philadelphia." 

Paul de Chamillard : The Calendar of 
John Paul Jones' Manuscript states that 
he was " Capt. French Marines, U. S. S. 
Bon Homme Richard." 

Isaac Craig (the following information 
is additional to that published in June, 
1921, number of this Magazine) : Born in 
1741, near Hillsborough, County Down, 
Ireland ; immigrated to Philadelphia in 
1765; appointed Lieutenant of Marines, 
November 29, 1775 (one day later than 
Captain Samuel Nicholas), for duty on 
board the Andrea Doria; and served on 
board that vessel for nearly ten months ; in 
the engagement with the Glasgow, April 
6, 1776, on board the Andrea Doria; ap- 
pointed Captain of Marines on board the 
armed galley Champion, October 22, 
1776; resigned from the Marines, and on 
March 3, 1777, appointed a Captain in 
Proctor's Artillery Regiment ; died June 
14, 1826. 

James Day : Connecticut records show 
he was " Capt. Mariens " on Oliver 
Cromwell, (Connecticut State Navy) on 
April 14, 1777, and on March 16, 1778; 
mortally wounded while serving on board 
the Oliver Cromwell on April 15, 1778 in 
an engagement with the Admiral Keppel, 
dying on the 18th. 

Benjamin Deane : Appointed Captain 
of Marines, June 25, 1776; commanded 
company of Marines in battalion of 
Major Nicholas at Battles of Trenton, 
Assanpink, and Princeton ; went north 
to Morristown with George Washing- 
ton's Army and is known to have re- 
mained there until at least as late as 

April 1, 1777; during this period assigned 
to artillery duty ; commanded the Marines 
on board the Hancock, June 27, 1777, 
when the Fox was captured ; resigned 
July 12, 1777. 

James Disney : Appointed Captain of 
Marines on board the Virginia, October 
22, 1776. 

John Elliott : Doyle Sweeney's list of 
March 18, 1794, shows him " dead " on 
that date. 

Robert Elliott : Included in lists of 
Paullin and Sweeney. 

Thomas Forrest : Stated by some 
authorities to have been a Marine officer ; 
commanded Arnold Battery 1776-1777; 
later Lieutenant Colonel in Proctor's 
Regiment of Pennsylvania State Artil- 
lery ; died March 20, 1825. 

Robert George : A cousin of General 
George Rogers Clark; joined Captain 
James Willing in 1778 and participated in 
the Southwestern Expedition; joined 
General Clark's command with forty men 
in 1779; ceased to be a Marine officer 
after joining Clark ; having settled on 
Clark's grant in Indiana, he died there 
before 1800. 

John Grannis : Commanded Marine 
Guard of Warren in 1776; Paullin stated 
that the " complaints and charges against 
Hopkins " were taken to Philadelphia and 
presented to the Marine Committee by the 
" chief conspirator," " Captain John 
Grannis of the Marines." 

Joseph Hardy: Appointed Lieutenant 
of Marines, June 25, 1776; promoted 
captain, October, 1776; on duty in Phila- 
delphia on April 28, 1783, an original 
member of the New York Society of the 
Cincinnati (Saffell). 

— Hayes : A narrative of Lieutenant 

Luke Matthewman of the Revolutionary 
Navy contains the statement: " the truth 
of which I had afterwards from Mr. 



Hayes (a nephew of General Conway), 
who was Captain of Marines." 

John Hazard : Included in list of 

William Holton : Included in list of 

William Jones (Joans) : Commissioned 
Captain of Marines, March 4, 1778; serv- 
ing on the Providence, March 9, 1778. 

Dennis Leary : Included in lists of Paul- 
lin and Sweeney. 

William Matthewman : Included in list 
of Sweeney. 

William Morris : According to a letter 
dated May 26, 1778, by Morris to John 
Paul Jones, the former thanked Jones for 
asking him to serve as Lieutenant of 
Marines on the Ranger and that he would 
"proceed to Brest as soon as possible" ; 
whether he joined the Ranger is not 
known at this time ; commissioned as 
Captain of Marines in June, 1777, and 
on this date was unemployed at Boston ; 
appears on the Pension List of Maine as 
having served on the Ranger. 

Robert Mullen (Mullan and Mullin) : 
Commissioned Captain of Marines in 
November, 1775 ; served on board the 
Alfred and participated in the capture of 
New Providence, Bahamas, March 3, 
1776; in the action between Hopkins' 
Squadron and the Glasgozv, April 6, 
1776; commanded company of Nicholas' 
battalion of Marines in Battles of Tren- 
ton, Assanpink and Princeton ; was 
probably the chief recruiting officer for 
Marines during the Revolution ; after 
going north to Morristown and being de- 
tailed to artillery duty, Captain Mullan, 
according to a list dated February 27, 
1777, escorted twenty-five British pris- 
oners of war to Philadelphia; Captain 
Mullan was serving in Philadelphia on 
June 1, 1780, and also on April 28, 1783. 

William Nicholson : Served on the 
Warren in 1778; participated in the 

Penobscot Expedition in July, 1779; that 
he served in European waters is shown 
by a letter dated July 6, 1781, in which 
the Admiralty Officer informed Congress 
that Captain Nicholson held a commis- 
sion signed by Mr. Hancock in blank and 
which had been forwarded to France ; 
Captain Nicholson's name had been in- 
serted in France and confirmation was re- 
quested; on July 16, 1781, this request 
was answered by commissioning Nichol- 
son as a Lieutenant of Marines. 

Maurice O'Connell : Served as Captain 
of Marines on Pallas in 1779, probably 
having a brevet commission forwarded 
signed in blank by Hancock to John Paul 
Jones ; serving on board Pallas during 
action with Scrapis on September 23, 
1779, and with the Countess of Scarbor- 
ough; the Calendar of John Paul Jones 
Manuscript shows that he was a "Captain, 
U. S. Marines." 

George Jerry Osborn (Osborne) : Ap- 
pointed Captain of Marines, July 22, 
1776; serving on board the frigate 
Raleigh, January 22, 1778; in November, 
1779, was appointed to command the 
Marines on board the new ship then build- 
ing at Portsmouth, N. H., under Captain 
John Barry; participated in the Penob- 
scot Expedition in July, 1779. 

Richard Palmes (Palmer) : Appointed 
Captain of Marines, July 23, 1776; Ma- 
rine Officer of the Boston during her 
cruise to France and return in 1778, dur- 
ing which cruise on March 10th, the 
Boston captured the Martha; partici- 
pated in the Penobscot Expedition in 
July, 1779. 

Matthew Parke : Appointed Captain of 
Marines, May 26, 1776; acted as recruit- 
ing officer for the Ranger in July, 1777, 
at Providence, R. I. ; served on board the 
Ranger from October, 1777, until March, 
1778, when he returned to America on 



board the frigate Dcane; served on board 
the Alliance during the engagement of the 
Bon Homme Richard and Serapis on 
September 23, 1779. 

Miles Pennington : Captain of Marines 
on the Reprisal. 

Jabez Perkins, 3d ; serving on Oliver 
Cromwell, 1778-1779. 

Pickering : Killed in action with 

an enemy vessel while serving on board 
the Hampden, early in 1779. 

Andrew Porter: See the June, 1921, 
number of the Daughters of the 
American Revolution Magazine. 

John Rice: Served on board the Dick- 
inson, of the Pennsylvania State Navy, 

Eliphalet Roberts : Appointed Captain 
of Marines, April 11, 1777, on "the 
Colony ship " Oliver Cromwell, of 

Gilbert Saltonstall : Son of Gurdon 
Saltonstall, born February 27, 1752, 
graduated Harvard College 1770, ap- 
pointed Captain of Marines in June, 1776 ; 
served on board the Trumbull (Captain 
Porter was also on board as a volunteer), 
on June 2, 1780, in the engagement with 
the Watt, he being wounded eleven times ; 
married Harriet Babcock ; they had two 
children ; Gurdon, who was professor of 
mathematics in the University of Ala- 
bama, and Gilbert, who married Elizabeth, 
daughter of J. Starr, of New London, and 
who died at Tuscaloosa, Ala., February 
6, 1833. 

Samuel Shaw : Appointed Captain of 
Marines, June 25, 1776 ;.lost on Randolph. 

Joseph Shoemaker: Included in lists of 
Paullin and Sweeney. 

Spence : Included in lists of Paul- 
lin and Sweeney. 

Joseph Squire : Lieutenant of Marines 
on Connecticut State brig-of-war De- 
fence in February, 1776; appointed Cap- 
tain of Marines on board the Connecticut 

State ship Defence, January 15, 1778. 

John Stewart : Appointed Captain of 
Marines, June 25, 1776. 

James Troo : Captain of Marines on 
Szvallotv when that vessel was captured ; 
confined in Forton Prison, England. 

Elihu Trowbridge : Included in lists of 
Paullin and Sweeney. 

Abraham Van Dyck: Appointed First 
Lieutenant of Marines, July 24, 1776; 
served as First Lieutenant of Marines on 
board the Queen of France in 1778; 
served as First Lieutenant of Marines on 
board the Saratoga July 7, 1780. 

Walsh : Referred to by Rear Ad- 
miral Colby M. Chester as commanding 
the Marines in the Penobscot Expedition 
(not corroborated by Collum). 

John Welch : Served on board the 
Cabot in February, 1776. 

James Willing: Born in Philadelphia, 
February 9, 1751 ; commissioned Captain 
in 1777; enlisted a company of Marines 
for purpose of securing neutrality of Mis- 
sissippi Valley ; left Pittsburg in armed 
boat Rattletrap January 10, 1778, and 
proceeded to Natchez and New Orleans ; 
sent his troops back to Pittsburg under 
Lieutenant Robert George in 1779; cap- 
tured at Mobile by British and sent to 
Long Island ; said to have been exchanged 
for Henry Hamilton, Governor of De- 
troit ; never married ; died in Philadel- 
phia, October 13, 1801. 


William Barney : Included in lists of 
Paullin and Sweeney, being notated 
" dead " on latter list. Paullin shows 
two Barneys. 

Henry Becker : Included in list of 

Peter Bedford : Included in lists of 
Paullin and Sweeney, the latter list carry- 
ing the note, " resigned, July 5, 1779." 



Victor Bicker, Jr.: Appointed Lieuten- 
ant of Marines on board the frigate Con- 
gress on December 5, 1776; New York 
records carry him as " Lt. Capt. Mar." on 
board frigate Congress. 

Ephraim Bill: Serving on board the 
Confederacy on May 22, 1780. 

David Bill : Killed in action on board 
the Trumbull with Watt on June 2, 1780. 

Gurdon Bill : On duty in Philadelphia, 
April 28, 1783. 

Peregrine Brown : Appointed First 
Lieutenant of Marines, June 25, 1776. 

James Calderwood : His name appears 
in a general order dated September 4, 
1776, detailing soldiers from the Army to 
serve as Marines in Arnold's Fleet on 
Lake Champlain,the order reading in part, 
" They will proceed directly and join 
General Arnold, under the command of 
Lieutenant Calderwood, of Marines." 

Thomas Caldwell : Appointed Lieuten- 
ant of Marines on March 8, 1776, on 
board the Montgomery, flagship of the 
Pennsylvania State Navy; discharged 
June 1, 1776, " as there is not to be a 
Second Lieutenant of Marines," to 

Benjamin Catlin : Included in list of 

Seth Chapin : Included in lists of Paul- 
lin and Sweeney. 

John Chilton : Included in lists of Paul- 
lin and Sweeney, being noted as " dead " 
on the latter list. 

James Clark: Included in lists of Paul- 
lin and Sweeney. 

James Cokely : Included in lists of 
Paullin and Sweeney. 

James Connelly : Included in lists of 
Paullin and Sweeney, the last-named list 
carrying the note " dead." 

William Cooper : Served as Second 
Lieutenant of Marines on the Boston, 
joining March 28, 1779. 

David Cullam : Included in lists of 
Paullin and Sweeney. 

Robert Cummings : Included in lists of 
Paullin and Sweeney. 

Henry Dayton : Included in lists of 
Paullin and Sweeney. 

Robert Davis : Included in lists of Paul- 
lin and Sweeney. 

de Blondell : Served as Lieutenant 

of Marines on board the Pallas, in Sep- 
tember, 1779, on the date that the Bon 
Homme Richard captured the Serapis; 
according to an account dated July 7, 
1786, submitted to Continental Congress, 
Philadelphia by John Paul Jones, Lt. de 
Blondell shared in the prize money accru- 
ing from the capture of the British ship 
on September 23, 1779. 

Panatier de la Falconier : Serving on 
board the Randolph on September 1,1777. 

Louis de la Valette : Appointed First 
Lieutenant of Marines, August 24, 1776. 

John Dimsdell : Included in lists of 
Paullin and Sweeney. 

John Dovie : The Calendar of John 
Paul Jones Manuscript states that he was 
" Quartermaster, U. S. Marines." 

Stephen Earl : Included in lists of Paul- 
lin and Sweeney. 

Bela Elderkin, of Windham, Conn. : 
Appointed Lieutenant of Marines, April 
11, 1777, on "the Colony ship" Oliver 
Cromwell, of Connecticut. 

John Elliott : Lieutenant U. S. Ma- 
rines, serving on board the frigate Deane 
in Boston Harbor on November 24, 1778. 

Thomas Elting: Included in lists of 
Paullin and Sweeney. 

Thomas Ehlenwood (El wood and 
Ellen wood) : Commissioned Lieutenant 
of Marines on August 24, 1778; served 
on board the Alliance during fight be- 
tween Bon Homme Richard and Serapis 
on September 23, 1779; he was only 
Marine on board the Alliance on August 



20, 1783, having entered the ship on this 
occasion on August 1, 1783. 

Zebediah Farnham, of Windham, 
Conn. : Included in lists of Paullin and 
Sweeney; Lieutenant of Marines on ship 
Providence in 1780. 

William Fielding : Included in lists of 
Paullin and Sweeney. 

John Fiske : Serving on board the 
Alfred in February, 1776. 

Thomas Fitzgerald : Included in lists of 
Paullin and Sweeney. 

John Fitzpatrick : Killed in action while 
serving on board the Alfred during the 
engagement with the Glasgoze, April 
6, 1776. 

John G. Frazier: Correspondence be- 
tween him and John Paul Jones indicates 
that it is possible that he served as a 
volunteer Marine officer during the cruise 
•of the Ranger to France in 1777. (Cap- 
tain Parke and Lieutenant Wallingford 
were the regular Marine officers of the 
Ranger at this time.) 

Samuel Gamage : Appears on Pension 
Rolls of Vermont as having served on 
board the Dcane; included in lists of 
Paullin and Sweeney. 

William Gilmore : Appointed Second 
Lieutenant of Marines on June 25, 1776; 
participated in Penobscot Expedition 
in 1779. 

James Glasgow : Served on board the 
Experiment of the Pennsylvania State 
Navy, 1776-1777. 

Thomas Greenleaf : A Lieutenant in 
Capt. Edward Craft's Artillery; son of 
Joseph Greenleaf, of Boston ; Lieutenant 
■of Marines on board the brig Angelica out 
•of Boston; captured by British on May 
30, 1778; in Forton-Prison in England, 
but escaped in August, 1778, to France; 
requested, on February 8, 1779, " some 
appointment " under John Paul Jones, 
preferably " as a Marine officer." 

Peter Green: Commissioned Lieuten- 

ant of Marines on September 25, 1778, 
and on that date was serving at Boston. 

John Guignace : Included in lists of 
Paullin and Sweeney. 

Roger Haddock: Included in lists of 
Paullin and Sweeney. 

Nathan Haskell : Joined the Massachu- 
setts cruiser Mars as Lieutenant of Ma- 
rines, June 5, 1780; killed in action with 
an enemy ship while serving on board 
Mars, off Nantes, France, September 9, 
1780, in the twentieth year of his age; 
descendant of Roger Haskell, of Salem. 

John Hambright, Jr.: Served on board 
the General Greene, of the Pennsylvania 
State Navy, 1776-1777. 

James Hamilton: Included in lists of 
Paullin and Sweeney. 

Jonas Hamilton : Included in lists of 
Paullin and Sweeney. 

William Hamilton : Included in lists of 
Paullin and Sweeney. 

Richard Harrison : Appointed Lieuten- 
ant of Marines for frigate building in 
Maryland, June 26, 1776; serving on 
board the Congress when that vessel cap- 
tured the Savage on September 6, 1781. 

Samuel Hempsted : Included in lists of 
Paullin and Sweeney. 

Daniel Henderson : Appointed First 
Lieutenant of Marines, June 25, 1776; 
commanded Marines of Andrea Doria in 
fight with Racehorse late in 1776; lost 
at sea. 

Thomas Hinsdale : Reported in Calen- 
dar of John Paul Jones as "Mate of 
Marines " on the Alliance in 1779. 

Samuel Holt : Included in lists of Paul- 
lin and Sweeney. 

Benjamin Huddle: Included in lists of 
Paullin and Sweeney. 

William Huddle : Included in lists of 
Paullin and Sweeney. 

Robert Hunter: Included in lists of 
Paullin and Sweeney. 

Nathan lackson: Lieutenant of Ma- 



rines on Connecticut State sloop Guilford 
in 1779. 

William Jennison : Born August 4, 
1757, at Milford, Mass. ; graduated from 
Harvard in 1774; appointed Lieutenant of 
Marines and ordered to the Warren in 
April, 1776, and one month later to re- 
cruiting duty; resigned from Marines in 
June, 1776, and entered Army; com- 
missioned Lieutenant of Marines in Feb- 
ruary, 1777, on board Boston and served 
on board that vessel, except for a short 
period, until her capture at the surrender 
of Charleston, S. C. ; on March 10, 1778, 
Lieutenant Jennison was on board the 
Boston in the action which resulted in the 
capture of the Martha; after the return 
of the Boston from a cruise to France, the 
Navy Board apointed him purser of the 
Boston, on November 14, 1778; on April 
29, 1779, he was granted permission to 
go on a cruise of two weeks on the priva- 
teer Resolution; the Resolution was cap- 
tured and officers and crew imprisoned at 
Halifax; Jennison was exchanged and 
reached the Boston on September 29, 
1779; Jennison, on January 16, 1780, was 
allowed to act as a " Volunteer Officer " 
of Marines on board the Boston. 

John Johnson : Recommended for pro- 
motion to Captain in letter dated Novem- 
ber 17, 1776, to Abraham P. Lott. 

— — Kelly : Included in lists of Paullin 
and Sweeney ; see O'Kelly. 

Hugh Kirkpatrick : Included in list 
of Paullin. 

James Kirkpatrick : Served as First 
Lieutenant on board the Effingham, of the 
Pennsylvania State Navy, 1776-1777. 

George Lavie (or Lovie) : Mentioned 
as an " Acting Lieut., U. S. Marines," 
in Calendar of John Paul Jones 

Daniel Longstreet : Included in lists of 
Paullin and Sweeney. 

David Love: Appointed First Lieuten- 

ant of Marines, June 25, 1776; served 
with Captain Robert Mullan's Company 
on December 1, 1776 and on April 1, 
1777; therefore must have participated 
in the battles of Trenton, Assanpink and 
Princeton, and gone north with Washing- 
ton's Army ; assigned to artillery duty in 
Spring of 1777 while serving in Wash- 
ington's Army. 

Jonas Macky: Served on board the 
General Greene, of the Pennsylvania 
State Navy, 1776-1777. 

Magee : Led American Marines 

in an attack on a British vessel, in which 
attack he was killed, while serving on 
the Boston. 

Peter Manifold: Included in lists of 
Paullin and Sweeney. 

William Martin : Served on board the 
Hancock of the Pennsylvania State Navy, 

Eugene McCarty (Macarty or Ma- 
carthy) : An officer in Colonel Walsh's 
Irish Regiment of Artillery, French 
Army, given a brevet commission, signed 
by Hancock in blank and forwarded by 
him to John Paul Jones, to serve as junior 
Marine officer on board the Bon Homme 
Richard; on board the Bon Homme 
Richard during the engagement with the 
Scrapis, September 23, 1779. 

James McClure : Appointed Second 
Lieutenant of Marines, June 25, 1776; 
participated in the Penobscot Expedition, 
July, 1779. 

Richard McClure : Included in lists of 
Paullin and Sweeney. 

Charles McHarron : Included in lists 
of Paullin and Sweeney. 

Robert McNeal : Included in lists of 
Paullin and Sweeney ; the latter list 
carrying the note, " Resigned, April 
5, 1778." 

Stephen Meade (Mead or Meede) : 
Included in lists of Paullin and Sweeney ; 
appointed First Lieutenant of Marines, 



July 22, 1776; serving on board the 
Ralcigli, January 22, 1777. 

Jonathan Mix: Included in lists of 
Paullin and Sweeney. 

Hugh Montgomery : Appointed Second 
Lieutenant of Marines on June 25, 1776; 
records show that he was with Captain 
Robert Mnllan's company of Marines in 
battalion of Major Nicholas on December 
1, 1776, and April 1, 1777, so he therefore 
must have crossed the Delaware on 
Christmas Eve, 1776, with Washington 
and fought in the battles of Trenton, 
Assanpink and Princeton ; proceeded 
north with Washington and assigned to 
artillery duty ; appointed First Lieutenant 
in Proctor's Artillery Regiment " from 
Lieutenant of Marines, March 14, 1777; 
died May 15, 1777"; another authority 
contains information that would contra- 
dict this date of death since it states that 
he was a member of the Patriotic Asso- 
ciation of Philadelphia in 1778; this same 
authority states that he was later pro- 
moted to Captain. 

Abel Morgan : Appointed Second Lieu- 
tenant of Marines. June 25, 1776; com- 
manded Marines on board the Lexington 
when that vessel engaged the Edward, 
April 7, 1776; commanded the Marines 
on board the frigate Washington, Octo- 
ber 26, 1777. 

James Morrison : Appointed March 23, 
1776; Marine officer on board the Mont- 
gomery, flagship of the Pennsylvania 
State Navy. 

Alexander Neilson : Included in the 
lists of Paullin and Sweeney, the latter 
list noting. " Resigned, April 5, 1778." 

James Jerry O'Kelly : The name 
" Kelly " appears on Paullin's and 
Sweeney's list and it is presumed 
" O'Kelly " is intended ; an officer in 
Colonel Walsh's Irish Regiment of Artil- 
lery, French Army, given a brevet com- 
mission, signed by Hancock in blank and 

forwarded by him to John Paul Jones ; 
served on board the Bon Homme Richard 
as junior Marine officer during engage- 
ment with Serapis, September 23, 1779. 

Avery Parker : Included in lists of 
Paullin and Sweeney. 

Ebenezer Peck : Appointed Lieutenant 
of Marines on board the galley Whiting 
of the Connecticut State Navy on June 
19, 1776. 

Thomas Plunkett : Commissioned Lieu- 
tenant of Marines, December 9, 1776, 
and on that date was in Maryland. 

Samuel Powars : Included in lists of 
Paullin and Sweeney. 

Thomas Pownal (Pownel) : Appointed 
First Lieutenant of Marines, June 25, 
1776; Journals of Congress, June ■ 26, 

1776, states that Thomas Pownal was 
appointed First Lieutenant " for the frig- 
ate building in Maryland " ; served as 
junior Marine officer on the Hancock 
June 27, 1777, when the Fox was cap- 
tured ; name appears on a list of prisoners 
on board the Felicity in 1778, stating he 
was serving on board the frigate America 
when captured in 1778. 

John Prentice : Appointed Lieutenant 
of Marines on " the Colony ship " Oliver 
Cromwell, of Connecticut, on April 
11, 1777. 

Samuel Pritchard : Commissioned Lieu- 
tenant of Marines on September 20, 

1777, and was serving on the Deane on 
that date ; serving on the Alliance, 
March 30, 1781. 

William Radford : Included in lists of 
Paullin and Sweeney. 

Franklin Reade : Appointed First Lieu- 
tenant of Marines, June 25, 1776. 

Nathaniel Richards : Name appears on 
a list of Revolutionary naval pensioners 
of Connecticut as having served on the 
Alfred as a Lieutenant of Marines. 

Alpheus Rice : Commissioned First 



Lieutenant of Marines for duty on the 
brig Hampden, August 29, 1776. 

Samuel Smedley : Appointed Second 
Lieutenant of Marines on the Colony 
(Connecticut) brig Defence; promoted to 
First Lieutenant, January, 1777. 

Jabez Smith, Jr., of Groton : Lieuten- 
ant of Marines on board the Trumbull 
and killed in action with Watt while 
serving on board the Trumbull, June 
2, 1780. 

Samuel Snowden : Served on board the 
Franklin, of the Pennsylvania State 
Navy, 1776-1777. 

Walter Spooner : Included in lists of 
Paullin and Sweeney. 

Edward (Edmond) Stack: Son of 
" Stack of Crotts " ; Sub-Lieutenant in 
Colonel Walsh's Irish Regiment of Artil- 
lery, French Army; given a brevet com- 
mission, signed by Hancock in blank and 
forwarded by him to John Paul Jones ; 
commanded the Marines on board the Bon 
Homme Ricliard when that vessel cap- 
tured the Serapis, September 23, 1776; 
during the engagement was " command- 
ing in the maintop," and was highly com- 
mended by John Paul Jones ; King Louis 
XVI granted Stack a pension of four 
hundred livres to show his pleasure with 
Stack's conduct during the engagement ; 
In a letter dated October 21, 1779, " Stack 
of Crotts" (father) wrote John Paul 
Jones, fearing his son is dead, saying if 
he has served " like a gentlement and a 
soldier, I shan't half regret his death," 
" his loss will lie heavy 'pon me the rest 
of my days ; " early in December, 1779, 
Stack rejoined his regiment which soon 
thereafter sailed for the West Indies ; 
applied for membership in the Society 
of the Cincinnati. 

Daniel Starr : Wounded in action while 
serving on board the Trumbull in the en- 
gagement with the Watt, June 2, 1780, 
and died four days later. 

John Martin Strobagh : Lieutenant of 
Marines on board the Hornet until May 
14, 1776; the sea disagreed with him and 
he accepted an appointment of third lieu- 
tenant in the Pennsylvania Artillery Com- 
pany ; after being promoted to Lieuten- 
ant Colonel in Proctor's Artillery Regi- 
ment he died on December 2, 1778. 

Benjamin Thompson: Appointed Lieu- 
tenant of Marines in Captain Palmes' 
company, July 24, 1776; serving on board 
the Ranger in 1778. 

Nathaniel Thwing: Appointed Second 
Lieutenant of Marines on July 22, 1776; 
serving as Second Lieutenant of Marines 
on board the Raleigh on January 22, 
1778; participated in the Penobscot Ex- 
pedition in July, 1779. 

John Trevett : Served as First Lieu- 
tenant of Marines on board the Co- 
lumbus at the capture of New Provi- 
dence, Bahamas, March 3, 1776; prior to 
this he served on board the Providence; 
served on board the Providence during 
the second descent on New Providence, 
Bahamas, January 27, 1778. 

George Trumbull : Included in lists of 
Paullin and Sweeney, the following note 
appearing on the latter list, " Discharged 
March 4, 1778." 

Thomas Turner : Included in lists of 
Paullin and Sweeney. 

Zebulon Varnam : Included in lists of 
Paullin and Sweeney. 

Wadsworth : Included in list of 


Samuel Wallingford (Wallingsford) : 
Included in lists of Paullin and Sweeney ; 
letter dated July 15, 1777, John Paul 
Jones to Lieut. Samuel Wallingford 
orders that since he has been nominated 
" Lieutenant of Marines," he will enlist 
seamen to serve under Jones, etc. ; letter 
dated August 24, 1777, Jones to Parke 
states that " Lieut. Wallingford " re- 
ported cartridges suited to the musket; 



" killed by a musket shot in the head " 
(diary of Surgeon Ezra Green), April 24, 
1778, while serving on board the Ranger 
when the Drake was captured ; " In the 
evening " of April 25th, wrote Surgeon 
Ezra Green, " committed the body of Lt. 
Wallingford to the deep with Honours 
due to so brave an officer " ; his son 
George Washington Wallingford, born in 
Somersworth, N. H., an infant two 
months old at time of his father's death, 
was a distinguished lawyer of Maine ; 
many descendants of Lieutenant Walling- 
ford are living in New England. 

James Warren : Commissioned a lieu- 

tenant of Marines on October 2, 1778, 
and was serving on board the Alliance on 
that date, and until at least 1779. 

William Waterman: Included in lists 
of Paullin and Sweeney. 

William Wallemen : Commissioned 
Lieutenant of Marines, March 4, 1778. 

Jacob White : Appointed Lieutenant of 
Marines on the Trumbull, October 16, 

James Hoard Wilson : Killed in action 
while serving on board the Cabot in the 
action with the Glasgozv, April 6, 1776. 

Jonathan W^oodworth : Included in the 
lists of Paullin and Sweeney. 

The death on December 10th of Miss Sue M. Young, a former clerk of 
the National Society, is announced with deep sorrow. Her resignation in 
1920, at the close of twenty-five years of untiring and devoted service was 
a source of deep regret to all her associates and friends connected with the 
work of the Daughters of the American Revolution. 


The new list of Chapter Regents is now 
ready — the official mailing list of the 
National Society, Daughters of the 
American Revolution. 

If Chapter Regents are not receiving 
official D. A. R. mail or their addresses are 
incorrectly listed, it is because the Organ- 
izing Secretary General has neither been 
notified of such changes nor of Chap- 
ter elections. 

Reports of the election of Chapter offi- 
cers date of election, and duration of 
term, as well as all changes in addresses 
should be reported promptly. 
Mrs. G. Wallace W. Haxges, 
Organizing Secretary General, 

N. S. D. A. R. 
Memorial Continental Hall, 

Washington, D. C. 

Department of the 

Historical Program 

Conducted by 

V. Pioneer Women 

1. General.— For the general subject of Pio- 
neer Women see Bruce, Woman in the Mak- 
ing of America, ch. 4; or Mrs. Logan, Part 
Taken by Women in American History, 22-104. 
These are largely individual biography. For a 
somewhat more theoretical statement see Cal- 
houn, Social History of the American Family, 
ii, 103-109, 161-170. An older and rather popu- 
lar book, interesting if accessible, is W. W. 
Fowler's Woman on the Frontier. 

2. The Frontier and its Significance. — 
The significance and importance of the frontier 
in the development of the United States has 
only recently been realized. Each new advance 
to the West has involved a rebuilding of 
civilization, borrowed but not imitated from 
the East, all passing through similar phases, but 
each differing from the previous one. At the 
same time, the new societies thus created, with 
their new aspirations and demands, have reacted 
powerfully on the older settled country. For 
a general study see F. J. Turner, Significance 
of the Frontier in American History, published 
in the Report of the American Historical Asso- 
ciation for 1893, reprinted in his Frontier in 
American History and Bullock's Readings in 
Economics. Similar discussions may be found 
in Garrison, Westward Extension, ch. i; Oroly's 
Promise of American Life, ch. i. 

3. Frontier Life. — General descriptions of 
living conditions on the Frontier, in which 
women were a vitally important factor, are 
numerous. Examples are Roosevelt, Winning 
of the West, ch. 5 ; McMaster, History of the 
People of the United States, ii, 572-578; Green, 
H. C, Pioneer Mothers of America, vol. i, ch. 7. 

4. The Colonial Frontier. — The influence 
of colonial conditions on the status of women 
has already been indicated. In addition may be 
cited Green, Pioneer Mothers of America, vol. 
i, ch. 8. Examples of their part and sufferings 
in the colonial Indian wars are found in such 
stories as that of Hannah Dustin (Green, Pio- 
neer Mothers, 375-387, and Eunice Williams 
Palfrey, Nezv England, iv, 264, or Baker, C. A. 
True Stories of Neiv England Captives, 128- 
154) both are briefly told by Bancroft, History 
of the United States, ii, 182-183, 195-196. 

5. Kentucky and the First Settlements. 
—The citation already given from Roosevelt 


furnishes a good picture of the conditions which 
surrounded those women who made part of 
the first movement beyond the Alleghenies into 
western Virginia and Kentucky, see also 
Thwaites, Daniel Boone, 24-34, and Bruce, H. 
A., Daniel Boone and the U'ilderness Road, 68- 
83. Shaler's Kentucky, 61-64, tells the experi- 
ences of the first white woman in Kentucky, 
Mary Inglis, who was captured by Indians and 
escaped and reached her home in Virginia. As 
on the older frontier, women had their part in 
the wars which wrested this country from the 
Indians and much of the available material 
deals with the deeds of individuals, for example : 
Elizabeth Zane (Logan, Part Taken by Women, 
160-162, or Shaler's Kentucky, 83-85). 

6. The Old Northwest. — Pioneer living 
conditions and Indian conflicts differed little in 
the states north of the Ohio. For a general 
description see McMaster, v, 152-166. F. A. 
Ogg. The Old Nortwest, 110-130 (Chronicles 
of America Series) describes its lighter as well 
as its more serious aspects. 

7. The Southwest. — In the earliest days the 
situation of the pioneer woman in the South 
was not essentially different from that of her 
northern sister. A good description of the 
patriarchial immigration and life of the period 
is found in Swedes' Memorials of a Southern 
Planter, especially chapters 5, 6, and 9; a more 
general description in Putnam, E. J., The Lady, 

8. The Plains and Mountain States. — 
For a general sketch of pioneer conditions on 
the Plains see McMaster, vol. 8, ch. 95. A 
sympathetic picture of woman's life under later 
conditions is given by Miss McCracken Women 
of America, ch. i. Special phases are described in 
Mrs. Custer's Tenting on the Plains and Grace 
G. Seton-Thompson's A Woman Tenderfoot. 

9. The Pacific Coast. — Josiah Royce's Cali- 
fornia emphasizes the part played by women 
in the new society established on the Pacific ; 
see p. 348-358 and 391-395 for conditions in 
San Francisco and at the mines, as well as p. 
403-407. For the sufferings of the immigrants 
see Royce, 240-246; and McMaster, viii, 600- 
609. For Oregon see McMaster, vi, 447-453 
and W. D. Lyman, The Columbia River, 146- 
154, 169-178. 

& $age in 

Conducted by 
Edith Roberts Ramsburgh 

Drawings by 
Zoe Lee H. Anderson 



The Blake family of Wiltshire, England, 
took its name from Blakeland, a parish in that 
county. The first recorded mention of the 
family is in 1286, when Robert de Blakeland 
was assessed on the Wiltshire Roll of Subsi- 
dies, for the requirements of Edward 1st. 

His descendant, Robert Blake, of Calne, was 
assessed on the Wiltshire Roll in 1347, for a 
large amount to meet the requirements of Ed- 
ward 3rd. 

A later descendant, Robert Blake of Calne, 
by his marriage with Avice, daughter of John 
Wallop, of Southampton, acquired large es- 
tates in that county. Robert and his wife are 
buried in the Church at Calne, where in stained 
glass windows, he is represented as habited in 
armor, with a surcoat charged with his armorial 
bearings ; while his wife appears in a long 
robe with a scarf embroidered with the arms 
of the family. 

One branch of Robert's descendants removed 
to Hampshire, later appearing in Somersetshire, 
where the family is first represented by Hum- 
phrey Blake who purchased large estates in 
Over Stowey, where he became Lord of the 
Manor and patron of the Church at Over 
Stowey and at Aisholt. He died "in 1558. 

Admiral Robert Blake of England, Hum- 
phrey's great grandson, bore as his personal 
arms, on his ships, the Arms of the Wilt- 
shire Blakes. 

Another great grandson, William Blake of 
Pitminster, Somersetshire, came to New Eng- 
land, with his family in 1635 and settled in Dor- 
chester, Massachusetts, becoming the common 
ancestor of many branches of the familj 
in America. 

Used through the courtesy of Mrs. Carrie 
M. Watson Weis. 

The earliest appearance of the family name 
of Gait in records, occurs in Denmark. It is 
quite probable that the family had its origin 
there, and that certain members, migrating to 
Scotland, furnished the originators of the 
Scotch and Irish Gaits, from whom the various 
American branches of the family have sprung. 

The name belongs to one of Denmark's old- 
est and noblest families, often being seen in 
connection with old castles, etc. There was 
hardly a Cathedral in Denmark that did not 
have a chair with the Gait armorial bearings 
on its back, and twenty-six estates in that 
country alone have been owned and occupied 
by various branches of the Gait family. 

The first ancestor of whom we have positive 
knowledge was Herr Mogens Lagesen, knighted 
in 1397. He was buried in the Cathedral of 
Roeskilde. His grandson, Herr Mogens Ebbe- 
sen Gait, of Thyrrestrup, knighted 1444, was 
Governor of Aalholm and Kolding Castle and 
died 1481. 

Herr Mogens Ebbesen's second son Ebbe 
Mogensen, Governor of Helsingborg, killed in 
battle in 1500, in Ditmarshen, married Sophie 
Holg. Peders daughter, and their son was Peder 
Ebgesen, of Thyrrestrup, Palsgaard, Birkelse, 
etc. He was Councillor of State, died 1548, 
and is buried in Sovind Church. His tombstone 
still exists. He married Ingeborg Drefeld, 
Giord's daughter and is the ancestor of the 
younger branch of the family, which branch 
became extinct in the death in 1698, of Knud 
Henrik Gait, of Viumgaard, the last man of 
the family. 

Therefore the name is perpetuated through 
the oldest branch, alone, and the Coat-of-Arms 
is rightly used by them. 

Used through the courtesy of Mrs. G. Wal- 
lace W. Hanger (Lucy Gait) Organizing 
Secretary General. N.S.D.A.R. 



The twenty-eighth State Meeting of the Con- 
necticut Daughters of the American .Revolution 
was held October 5, 1921, at Milford, by invi- 
tation of Freelove Baldwin Stow Chapter. It 
was held in the First Congregational Church. 

As the organ pealed out the inspiring strains 
of the Battle Hymn of the Republic, the color 
bearers and ushers appeared, followed by our 
beloved President General, Mrs. Minor, and 
National and State officers and guests. Con- 
necticut is so fond and proud of her President 
General that even the sacredness of the edifice 
could not restrain the enthusiastic greeting to 
her ; in fact it was a thank offering for her 
safe return and that of our loved State Regent 
and State Vice Regent. 

The invocation was given by the pastor of 
the church, Reverend Leslie B. Briggs, fol- 
lowed by singing the " Star Spangled Banner " 
and the salute to the Flag, led by Mrs. William 
F. Hopson, State Chairman on Correct Use 
of the Flag. 

Mrs. Nicholas M. Pond, Regent of the hos- 
tess chapter, gave a splendid address, and Judge 
Omar Piatt, representing the town of Milford, 
also welcomed us. 

The response of our State Regent, Mrs. John 
Laidlaw Buel, stirred the hearts of all. Only a 
part of it can be given here. 

" Service, conscientious public service, is 
sorely needed in our country today — service to 
counteract the downward tendency and face the 
calamity howlers with words of cheer and 
faith. There is too much fear in America — 
fear of panic, fear of unemployment, fear of 
losing high profits, fear of working for lower 
wage. We can render service in moulding 
public sentiment to a higher level. Let us 
keep in our hearts the words of the President 
General, ' Do not forget that the allied flags 
still stand for civilization, for freedom, for 
liberty under law, for honor and good faith 
among nations.' Believe me, the safety of 
America depends upon standing by the Allies 
now as much as ever it did upon the drive 
of the American armies on the battlefields of 
France. The only thing Germany fears is force. 
Germany fears only so long as the lash is in 
sight and the American flag flies on the Rhine." 

Miss Dorothy Smith gave three violin solos, 
and Mrs. Susan Hawley Davis, of Bridgeport, 
sang several songs. 

Reverend Harris Edward Starr, pastor of 
Pilgrim Church, New Haven, gave a fine ad- 
dress on " Anglo-American Friendship." 

Greetings were given by Mrs. John F. Yaw- 
ger, Recording Secretary General; Mrs. Lyman 
E. Holden, Vice President General of Vermont ; 
Mrs. Charles W. Nash, State Regent of New 
York; Mrs. Franklin P. Shumway, State Re- 
gent of Massachusetts; Mrs. Clarence F. 
Jenne, President General of United States 
Daughters of 1812; Mrs. Leonard D. Mayhew, 
President of the Connecticut Society of Colonial 
Dames of America ; Mrs. Frank A. Corbin, 
President of Connecticut Chapter of Daughters 
of Founders and Patriots of America. It was 
announced with regret that Mrs. Livingston 
Hunter, Treasurer General, could not be present. 

The morning session closed with singing 
" America the Beautiful," and an organ postlude 
by Mr. Lorenzo Oviatt. 

The afternoon session opened with two 
selections on the organ by Mr. Oviatt and sing- 
ing of the Connecticut State Song by the 
audience. " A Reminiscence — Chateau Rosa 
Bonheur " was to have been given by Mrs. 
Charles H. Bissell, State Vice Regent, but 
owing to illness in her family she was unable 
to be present. This was a matter of deep regret 
to all, and a telegram of love and sympathy was 
sent from the meeting to Mrs. Bissell. Also 
one of greeting was sent to Michigan Confer- 
ence, then assembled in Detroit. 

Airs. George Maynard Minor, President 
General, was given enthusiastic greeting when 
she rose to give a short account of " A D.A.R. 
Visit to England and France." 

Mrs. Mary W. Roe, dressed in Indian cos- 
tume, gave an address on " The American 

Singing, followed by the benediction, and 
we passed out to the chapter house of Freelove 
Baldwin Stow on the village green, where a 
reception was held and tea enjoyed. 

In the evening a banquet in honor of the 
President General and National Officers was 
given in the Municipal Building. A feature 
of the program was the guessing of conun- 
drums, which were printed on the menu cards, 



and the correct answers given from the plat- 
form. Impersonations and dances were also 
given, and Governor Lake gave a rousing talk 
on " Ideals of our Ancestry and Living up 
to Them." 
(Mrs. Frederick S.) Anna M. G. Stevens, 

State Recording Secretary. 


The Gulf Coast Chapter was hostess to the 
sixteenth annual State Conference, which con- 
vened in Gulfport, February 21st. The Court 

on " Tracing the Descendants of the Early 
Colonists to Mississippi." 

The morning sessions were held in the Great 
Southern Hotel, headquarters of the Confer- 
ence Immediately after luncheon on Tuesday 
the delegates went by motor to old Fort 
Maurepas across the Back Bay of Biloxi, 
where the recently erected boulder which Gulf 
Coast Chapter had placed on the occasion of 
the 221st anniversary of the landing of dTber- 
ville. Doctor Boyd welcomed the guests and 
gave a brief sketch of the settlement, the third 


House, used for the evening sessions, seemed 
especially adapted for the occasion. 

" Assembly " by the Gulfport Naval Station 
Band called the meeting to order. The Officers 
and those on the program for the evening were 
escorted to the stage by twelve pages taken 
from the older members of the Children of the 
American Revolution. 

After the Invocation by the Reverend Dr. 
Newman, the Mayor, Mr. Haydon welcomed 
the guests on behalf of the city. Mrs. H. H. 
Sneed, Chapter Regent, introduced Mrs. J. H. 
Wynn, State Regent, who reviewed the year's 
work and told of Chapters she had organized 
in Mexico, having returned from that country 
in order to attend this Conference. Miss Bessie 
Bell, State Registrar, read an interesting paper 

oldest in the United States. Mrs. E. J. Bowers, 
Organizing Regent, presented to Mrs. Wynn, 
from the Chapter, a gavel made from cedar 
taken from a tree which shelters the stone, 
saying in part : " The cedar is an ancient and 
honorable wood, having particular mention in 
the Book of Books and hasn't it a part, the 
greater part, too, of our own initials, 

An original poem by Mrs. L. F. Hinsdale, 
written for the occasion and dedicated to the 
Chapter, was read by her and received 
much praise. 

The exercises concluded, the delegates were 
driven to the White House, where Mrs. Cora 
E. White gave a charming reception in their 
honor. Tempting refreshments, fine orchestral 



music, the swish of the waves and charming 
companionship would have kept the party indefi- 
nitely but a tea was given later in the after- 
noon by two chapters of the United Daughters 
of the Confederacy in honor of their sister 

Wednesday was the closing day of the Con- 
ference. At one o'clock Hostess Chapter en- 
tertained the delegates and guests at a luncheon 
at the Southern Hotel ; eleven tables seated the 
sixty-five persons present. There were toasts 
a plenty. Miss Bessie Bell's, " My Ancestor," 
was most amusing. Dr. Margaret Carraway 
was Toastmistress, and no better selection 
could have been made. Mrs. Andrew Gray 
responded to the " New Citizen." She made a 
plea for dignity, thoughtful study and tenacity 
of purpose in our new relation to the State. 
To the Commandant of the Naval Station, 
Captain Crenshaw, the thanks of the Confer- 
ence were expressed for the delightful music 
furnished by the Naval Station Band during 
the convention. 

Zoe Posey, 
State Chairman, Preservation of Historic Spots. 


The eighteenth annual Conference of the 
Montana Daughters of the American Revolu- 
tion was held in Helena, October 19th and 20th, 
with Oro Fino Chapter as hostess. For the 
first time every Chapter in the State was repre- 
sented at the Conference. Montana is a large 
State and some of those attending had to travel 
a long distance. 

The Conference was formally opened on the 
afternoon of the 19th at the Y.W.C.A., where 
the meetings were held. Shortly after the 
Regent called the Conference to order a large 
basket of white and yellow chrysanthemums 
were brought in, a gift from the American 
Legion. This was very much appreciated. The 
reports of the State Officers and State Chair- 
men of National Committees were excellent. 
The State Chairman on Correct Use of the Flag 
compiled a pamphlet on this subject, containing 
useful information and instructions; these 
pamphlets were distributed to the different 
Chapters and placed where they would be of 
the greatest use. 

In the evening a banquet was held at the 
Placer Hotel, and the guests numbered seventy- 
five. Mrs. Lemuel Barnes, of New York, and 
Mrs. Morrow, of Idaho, gave delightful ad- 
dresses at the Conference. 

Wednesday morning the Conference was 
again called to order. The ten Chapters 
adopted fifty boys in the tuberculosis ward at 
the soldiers' hospital near Helena, each Chap- 
ter taking five names and pleging itself to see 
that each boy is remembered in some way once 

a week. A trip was made to the hospital by 
the delegates and oranges and fruit taken to 
the boys. A visit to the State Capitol was 
made and Governor Dixon gave a short address. 
Tea was served at the home of the Regent of 
Oro Fino Chapter where good-byes were said 
and the eighteenth Conference of the Montana 
Daughters of the American Revolution was at 
an end, all voting Oro Fino Chapter a per- 
fect hostess. 

(Mrs. C. A.) Emma M. Blackburn, 



The Twenty-second Annual Conference of 
the Ohio Daughters of the American Revo- 
lution met in Toledo, March 15, 16, 17 and 18, 
1921, with Ursula Wolcott and Fort Industry 
Chapters as hostesses. The opening session 
was held in the First Congregational Church 
Tuesday evening. The program opened with 
the processional, "America the Beautiful," 
Airs. Charles Sumner Johnson presiding at the 
organ, and the pages escorted to the plat- 
form the President General, Mrs. George M. 
Minor, accompanied by the State Regent, Mrs. 
William Magee Wilson, followed by Mrs. 
Edward L. Harris, Vice President General 
from Ohio, the State Officers, speakers and 
entertaining Regents. The Reverend Frank E. 
Duddy, Assistant Pastor of the First Congrega- 
tional Church, offered the invocation, which 
was followed by a solo, " Psalm of Thanks- 
giving," rendered by Mrs. Wm. McGervey, 
State Secretary. 

Mrs. William Magee Wilson, State Regent, 
presided, and introduced Miss Anna K. Whit- 
aker, Vice Regent of Fort Industry Chapter ; 
Mrs. Charles H. Shields, Regent of Ursula 
Wolcott Chapter; Judge Silas E. Hurin, repre- 
senting the Sons of the American Revolution, 
and Mrs. J. Kent Hamilton, ex-State Regent 
of Ohio. To their cordial greetings Mrs. 
James H. Allen, State Vice Regent, responded, 
after which Mr. Clarence R. Ball sang "The 
Star Spangled Bannner." A stirring address 
on " Home and Country," by our President 
General, followed by the singing of " America," 
closed the first evening's program. 

The business sessions of the Conference were 
held in the assembly room at the Toledo 
Woman's Club, beginning March 16th, at 9.30 
o'clock, Mrs. William M. Wilson, State Regent, 
presiding. At this session, the guests of the 
Conference, Mrs. George M. Minor, President 
General, Miss Alice L. McDuffee, State Regent 
of Michigan, and Dr. Eleanor Adams, Presi- 
dent of Oxford College for Women, Oxford, 
Ohio, were introduced and spoke briefly. It 
was considered a great honor by the Ohio 
Daughters to have presented to them at the 



Wednesday afternoon session, Mrs. Samantha 
Flint, a Real Daughter and a member of Ursula 
Wolcott Chapter. Aside from the hearing of 
several Chapter reports, this session was given 
over to an interesting address on " What 
the Immigrant Thinks," by Mr. Joseph 
Remenyi, of Cleveland. 

On Wednesday evening the annual banquet 
was held in the Toledo Club. The State Re- 
gent acted as Toastmistress, carrying out the 
plan of hearing " Words of Cheer from Many 
Daughters," which was literally the message 
brought to the Ohio Daughters and their 
guests. On this occasion the Toledo Sons of 
the American Revolution presented to the Con- 
ference a handsome basket of flowers and their 
representative, Colonel Moulton Houck, former 
President of the Ohio Sons, gave a short 
address. Mrs. Joseph B. Foraker's report as 
Chairman of the George Washington Memorial 
Association, was presented during the evening. 

After the opening exercises on Thursday 
morning a short memorial service was held for 
the fifty members who have died during 
the year. 

The reports of the Chapter Regents and State 
Chairmen were heard with great interest. The 
report of the Caroline Scott Harrison Memo- 
rial was of especial interest and aroused much 
valuable discussion. The report was read by 
Mrs. Austin Brant, of Canton, State Chairman 
of this Committee. On Thursday evening Mrs. 
Edward Lansing Harris, Vice President Gen- 
eral and former State Regent, gave an im- 
pressive talk on the " Better Film Movement." 
Mrs. Harris is National Chairman of Patriotic 
Education and this movement is an important 
feature of the work of that Committee. The 
arranged program for the evening consisted of 
an address, " The Evolution of Our National 
Character," by Dr. Clayton C. Kohl, Bowling 
Green State Normal College ; a song in cos- 
tume, " The Pilgrims," by Mrs. Robert Bronson 
Taylor, and an address " New England Woman- 
hood," by Mrs. Claude Thompson, Secretary 
of Cincinnati Chapter. 

After the reading of the final Chapter re- 
ports, on Friday morning the State Vice Re- 
gent, Mrs. James H. Allen, Chairman of 
Americanization and Patriotic Education, was 
called upon for the report of her committee. 

A cordial invitation for 1922 was extended 
to the Conference by Mrs. C. Franz, Regent 
of Cuyahoga Portage Chapter, Akron, which 
was accepted with appreciation by the State 
Regent and members of the Conference. 

Mrs. Wilson, State Regent, adjourned the 
Conference at noon on Friday. 

Martha Downs McGervey, 

State Secretary. 


At Salem, March 18 and 19, 1921, the Oregon 
Daughters of the American Revolution held 
their eighth annual State Conference. Cheme- 
keta Chapter, Salem, and Sarah Childress Polk 
Chapter, Dallas, were hostesses in the Capitol 
Building, which had been turned over to the 
Daughters for the occasion by the State Offi- 
cials. Governor Olcott, as well as the dele- 
gates and visitors, appreciated the work of the 
Decorating Committee which had transformed 
the legislative hall with vines, flowers, the State 
Flag, the D.A.R. emblem and Old Glory. The 
portraits of former Governors looked upon an 
interesting event as the Vice President General 
from Oregon, Mrs. Isaac Lee Patterson, and 
the State Regent, Mrs. John A. Keating, and 
her corps of officers, preceded by six youthful 
pages, marched up the centre aisle to the 
speaker's platform. 

Mrs. John A. Keating opened the Conference, 
the invocation being given by Mrs. W. A. 
Smick, of Roseburg, followed by the singing of 
America, led by Miss Ruth Johns. The Flag 
Salute was led by Airs. William D. Field, of 
Boston, Mass., State Chairman of Committee 
on Correct Use of the Flag. Mrs. U. G. 
Shipley, of Chemeketa Chapter, and Mrs. 
Charles B. Sunberg, of Sarah Childress Polk 
Chapter, welcomed the Conference. A few 
words were spoken by Mrs. F. M. Wilkins, 
Past State Regent. 

The address of the State Regent expressed 
the strong spirit of Americanization prevailing 
among the activities of Oregon's eight hundred 
Daughters. The three big objects undertaken 
by the National Society have received the one 
hundred per cent, support of Oregon. The 
Guernsey Scholarship Fund, the Tomassee 
School, a scholarship to the Schaufner School, 
two scholarships in the Americanization course, 
the Manual, the fountain, and the painting were 
objects of the chapters' work. The D.A.R. of 
Oregon gave $500 to the Womans' Memorial 
Building at the State University of Oregon. 

Following the morning session, the delegates 
were served with a luncheon tendered by the 
patriotic womens' organizations of Salem. Five 
presiding officers extended patriotic greetings. 
The afternoon session was opened with the sing- 
ing of " Columbia, the Gem of the Ocean," 
followed by the recital of prayer used by 
George Washington. A Memorial Service was 
then conducted by the Chaplain. Mrs. Isaac 
Lee Patterson was the chief speaker at this 
session. The Anti-Japanese Bill and the Dr. 
Owens Adair Medical Test Bill, affecting appli- 
cants for marriage licenses, were the chief 
topics and our women were besought to do all 
in their power to further the purposes of 
these bills. 



During the " Historian's Hour," the State 
Historian, Mrs. R. F. Walters, presented 129 
military and non-military War Service Records 
of American participation in the World War, 
eight representing women, all properly compiled 
for filing with the Historian General. A 
duplicate volume is retained in the state. Ser- 
vice flags of the Chapters were reverently laid 
away. A picture of Oregon's famous historical 
woman, Mrs. Abigail Scott Duniway, was 
greeted with a silent tribute as the "mother 

Ocean-to-Ocean Highway as it passes through 
Oregon. The Conference, in recognition of 
the courtesies extended by the State, resolved 
to present to the State a brass railing to be 
placed around the State Seal in the rotunda of 
the Capitol. The Conference also favored the 
preservation of the battleship Oregon for some 
useful or historic purpose and also the recog- 
nition of the United Spanish War Veterans ; 
that desecration of monuments and markers- 
placed by the D.A.R. of Oregon be prohibited 


of equal suffrage in the Northwest." Miss 
Dorothy Duniway, who was covering the Con- 
ference for the Oregonian, thanked the Confer- 
ence for the honor accorded her grandmother. 

Friday evening, the House of Representatives 
witnessed a brilliant reception, Governor Olcott 
welcoming the visitors. 

Saturday morning, resolutions were pre- 
sented relating to Chapter Naturalization Com- 
mittees, Flag Law programs, the purchase of 
Moore House and Farm, the erection of 
National Old Trails' Road Signs along the 

by law, that there be compulsory Flag Instruc- 
tion in the Public Schools. 

Mrs. Esther Allen Jobes, called attention to 
the passage by the State Legislature of the 
Home Teacher Act. 

Seventeen chapters in the state are active in 
promoting the objects of the Society. Ameri- 
canization work affecting eighteen nationalities, 
through the schools, friendly meetings,' natu- 
ralization classes and an All-American Day at 
the State Fair, Salem, under the supervision 
of Mrs. Isaac Lee Patterson. Constitution Day 



is observed by the majority of the chapters. 
Red Cross seals, European Relief Work, Chi- 
nese Relief Work and cooperation with Camp 
Fire Girls, the Big Sisterhood, Day Nursery, 
Y.W.C.A., Community Service, and the Visit- 
ing Nurse Association are all on the list. The 
State Regent spoke on " Constructive Patriot- 
ism of the D.A.R. on a Chautauqua Program." 
Several markers are to be erected soon. Flags 
have been presented, thousands of copies 
of the American's Creed distributed, as well as 
flag information. 

Three granddaughters of " Real Daughters " 
were present at the Conference and took part in 
the proceedings ; Mrs. Mary Barlow Wilkins 
and Mrs. C. E. Wolverton, both of Multnomah 
Chapter, and Miss Anne M. Lang, of Quenett 
Chapter. Memorial Day is especially observed 
by the chapters, but an impressive ceremony 
was held by the Dalles Chapter, when a large 
silk flag was presented to the American Legion, 
over the grave of Margaret McClure Varney, 
the daughter of a Revolutionary soldier and 
the grandmother of our State Treasurer, Miss 
Anne Lang. 

Yamhill Chapter reports locating the grave 
of a Revolutionary soldier, William Cannon, 
who came with the Astor Fur Company. 

In behalf of Multnomah and Willamette 
Chapters, Mrs. Murray Manville invited the 
Ninth State Conference to meet in Portland 
in 1921. The invitation was unanimously 

The Conference which had been of unusual 
interest was closed with the singing of "God 
Be with You 'Till We Meet Again." 

Henrietta G. Walters, 

State Historian. 


The twenty-second annual Conference of the 
Vermont Daughters of the American Revo- 
lution was held at the Armory in Windsor, 
October 12th, with a record attendance, over 
200 being present at the afternoon session. 
Ascutney Chapter was assisted in entertaining 
by Ottauquechee Chapter of Woodstock 
and Thomas Chittenden Chapter of White 
River Junction. 

The State Regent, Mrs. John H. Stewart, of 
Middlebury, presided at all the sessions. Other 
officers present were Mrs. Robert W. McCuen, 
State Treasurer ; Mrs. Ada F. Gillingham, State 
Historian; Mrs. Wilfred F. Root, State Libra- 
rian ; Mrs. Lyman E. Holden, Vice President 
General from Vermont; Mrs. George B. Wal- 
ton, chairman of Patriotic Education and 
Americanization ; Airs. Arthur W. Norton, 
Chairman of Magazine Committee ; Mrs. G. H. 
Ripley, Chairman of Reciprocity ; Mrs. H. C 
Jackson, Chairman of Revolutionary Relics, 

and Mrs. E. P. S. Moor, Chairman of Correct 
Use of the Flag. The National Chairman of 
Correct Use of the Flag was also present and 
addressed the Conference. Mrs. Daniel A. 
Loomis acted as Secretary pro tempore. 

The following officers were elected : Regent, 
Mrs. John H. Stewart, Middlebury; Vice Re- 
gent, Miss Jennie A. Valentine, Bennington; 
Corresponding Secretary, Mrs. Winfield S. 
Huntley, Middlebury; Recording Secretary, 
Mrs. D. A. Loomis, Burlington; Treasurer, 
Mrs. E. H. Prouty, Montpelier ; Historian, Mrs. 
Frank H. Gillingham, Woodstock ; Chaplain, 
Mrs. A. B. Ingrem, Rutland; Librarian, Mrs. 
Wilfred F. Root, Brattleboro. 

The outstanding feature of the afternoon's 
program was the address by Chancellor Mc- 
Gown, who told of the wonderful work which 
is being done at the American International 
College at Springfield, Mass. 

A seven-piece orchestra composed of Mrs. 
Jones, first violin ; Mrs. MacLoud, second violin ; 
Herbert Wood, piano ; Herbert Williams and 
Arthur Quimby, clarinets, and Mrs. Shultis, 
traps and drums, played selections and also 
furnished music during the reception. 

A recital, " Priscilla and John Alden," was 
given by Miss Florence Sturtevant. Several 
vocal selections were rendered by Frank Slater, 
of West Lebanon, with Mrs. Slater as 

Following the program was a reception to the 
State Officers of the Vermont Chapters of 
Daughters of the American Revolution. 

Ada Fairbanks Gillingham, 

State Historian. 


Responding to the cordial invitation of 
Buford Chapter, the largest delegation of West 
Virginia Daughters of the American Revolution 
ever assembled, met for their sixteenth annual 
State Conference in the Frederick Hotel, 
Huntington, on October 5 and 6, 1921. The 
business meetings were held in the charmingly 
decorated assembly room. The sessions be- 
gan Wednesday morning, with Mrs. Clark W. 
Heavner, State Regent, presiding. 

After the opening from the Ritual, Mrs. 
Charles R. Comer, Vice Regent of the hostess 
Chapter, gave an address of welcome, to which 
Mrs. Robert J. Reed, State Vice Regent, ably 
responded. The annual address of the State 
Regent was most interesting, and covered briefly 
the work of the past year. The reports of the 
State Officers and State Chairman of National 
Committees showed that each department of the 
State and National work is being carried on with 
all possible zeal and efficiency. 

Reports of the Chapter Regents showed that 
each Chapter is up to the minute, while their 



lines of special work vary. West Virginia is 
100 per cent., having met all her obligations 
for the year. The Chapters are doing much 
toward patriotic education by instruction for 
the foreigners in the State, contributing to the 
southern mountain schools, and giving prizes in 
local public schools. For lack of space we will 
mention only a few of the Chapters which are 
doing special work : Elizabeth Ludington 
Hagans Chapter, Morgantown, supports an- 
nually in West Virginia University two $250 
scholarships ; Lowther Fitz Randolph, Salem, 
has a scholarship in Salem College, and 
Wheeling Chapter, Wheeling, has placed four 
inscribed bronze tablets along the sixteen miles 
of " Old Trail Roads " marking the National 
Highway which runs through West Virginia 
at Wheeling. 

The hostess Chapter provided prominent 
speakers and special music for the different ses- 
sions. The social functions were most enjoy- 
able. On the evening of October 4th, Mrs. 
Charles R. Wilson and Mrs. Arthur S. Emmons 
gave at the home of Mrs. Wilson a formal 
reception to the visiting delegates and friends. 
Wednesday afternoon Mrs. Charles W. Watts 
entertained visitors at her beautiful home, 
" Kenwood." Wednesday evening a banquet was 
given at the Frederick Hotel. Thursday noon 
a luncheon was served at the Farr Hotel. 
Thursday afternoon Mrs. C. Lloyd Ritter gave 
a delightful reception at her home, " Ritter 

At the last session on Thursday afternoon 
Mrs. R. H. Edmondson, Morgantown, Past 
Vice President General nominated for Vice 
President General our State Regent, Mrs. 
Clark W. Heavner, Buckhannon, who has so 
ably filled the office of State Treasurer, State 
Vice Regent and State Regent. Mrs. Heavner's 
candidacy was unanimously endorsed by the 
State Conference. 

The following officers were elected for the 
ensuing year : State Regent, Mrs. Robert J. 
Reed, Wheeling; State Vice Regent, Mrs. W. 
H. Conaway, Fairmont ; State Recording Secre- 
tary, Mrs. Roy A. Lough, Morgantown ; State 
Corresponding Secretary, Miss Leta Snodgrass, 
Buckhannon ; State Treasurer, Mrs. C. R. 
Comer, Huntington ; State Registrar, Mrs. R. 
S. Meyer, Point Pleasant ; State Chaplain, Mrs. 
L. H. Harrison, Charleston ; State Historian, 
Mrs. S. W. Walker, Martinsburg; State Libra- 
rian Miss Rachel Snyder, Shepherdstown ; 
State Honorary Life Historian, Mrs. John Mc- 
Colloch, Point Pleasant. 

The Conference adjourned to meet with the 
Daniel Davisson Chapter in Clarksburg in Oc- 
tober 1922. 

Leta Snodgrass, 
State Corresponding Secretary. 


The Seventh Annual State Conference of the 
Wyoming Daughters of the American Revolu- 
tion was held at Greybull, October 5, 1921. 

The State Treasurer's report showed a bal- 
ance on hand of $52.74. The State Regent 
reported many helpful and interesting things. 
The most important were the following : 

1. Patriotic Education Committees have work 
in schools among American children in order 
to combat Bolsheviki spirit which is more 
prevalent than is realized. The special work 
for D.A.R. members in teaching the proper re- 
spect for the flag and patriotism to children, as 
well as to our foreign neighbors. 

2. Last spring while in Washington, my re- 
port followed New York, Ohio and South 
Dakota. I pointed out that there is quite a 
difference between New York's hundreds of 
Chapters and our four in Wyoming. I reported 
finishing marking the Oregon Trail and giving 
State's quota to the three projects. I presented 
two silver spoons, given to Memorial Hall by 
Grace Raymond Hebard and her sister, which 
were accepted by the President General. 

The Conference expressed great pleasure 
with the War Records book and tendered a 
vote of thanks to Dr. Grace Raymond Hebard 
for her earnest work in compiling it. Miss 
Nora B. Kinsley has assisted Doctor Hebard 
very materially in the preparation of the 
war records. 

One of the important questions asked at the 
Conference was, " Shall we have a Vice Presi- 
dent General?" It was voted that we might 
try for one. Accordingly Mrs. Frank W. Mon- 
dell was unanimously elected as a candidate for 
Vice President General. 

America's Creed has been placed in schools 
of Cheyenne. All of the Chapters will follow 
this action of the Cheyenne Chapter. 

The annual dues were made fifty cents (50 
cents), and officers were to be elected biennally. 
Term of office two years with one reelection. 

Chapter memberships were : Sheridan Chapter, 
49; Cheyenne, 77; Casper, 32; Newcastle, 12; 
Laramie, 30; total, 200. 

The State Officers are : Mrs. B. B. Brooks, 
Regent, Casper, Wyo. ; Mrs. Mawrice Groshon, 
Vice Regent, Cheyenne, Wyo. ; Mrs. E. P. 
Bacon,. Recording Secretary, Casper, Wyo.; 
Airs. Effie R. Dodds, Treasurer, Cheyenne, 
W T yo. ; Mrs. C. B. Goodwin, Auditor, Sheridan, 
Wyo. ; Mrs. Willis M. Spear, Registrar, Sheri- 
dan, Wyo. ; Mrs. B. C. Bellamy, Historian, 
Laramie, Wyo ; Mrs. A. E. Holliday, Librarian, 
Laramie, Wyo. ; Mrs. Wm. Kocher, Corre- 
sponding Secretary, Casper, Wyo. 

Beth C. Bellamy, 
State Historian. 


in 1 Pii 1 

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Memorial Continental Hall, Washington, D. C. 


10256. Barnes. — Wanted inf. concerning the 
wives of James Barnes and his father Brims- 
ley Barnes of N. C. who both fought in the 
Rev under Gen. Marion. — A. B. 

10257. Barker. — Brooke Barker b Prince 
William Co., Va. 1793 was in Capt. Thomas 
Fristoe's Co., 45th (Peyton's) Regt. of Va. Mil. 
July, 1813, also Capt. Henry William's Co. 
same Regt. July, 1814 enlisting at 'Dumfries, 
Va. He m first Margaret — second Elizabeth 
Chappell in Bullitt Co., Ky. July 11, 1840. An- 
ces of Brooke Barker and Elizabeth Chappell 
desired, also Rev ser in these lines. — E. S. F. 

10258. Hale.— Wanted date of b of Reuben 
Hale who enlisted in Rev at Hartland, Conn., 
serving with Capt. Kimberly's Regt of Conn, 
troops in 1777. — A. S. A. 

10259. Lewis.— Wanted gen of Capt (?) 
Win. Lewis and w of Hagerstown, Md. He 
was b in Wales. A supposedly correct list of his 
ch is Harry, Wm„ John, Jacob, Keziah, Lana, 
Samuel and Daniel. Did he have Rev rec ? 

(a) Gibbs. — Wanted maiden n of w of Shel- 
don Gibbs of Fairhaventown, Rutland, Co., Vt. 
removed to Litchfield, Conn. Also n of w of 
his s Wareham Gibbs and all dates connected 
with this family. — A. Mackay G. 

10260. McCoy. — Wanted any data of Joseph 
McCoy who served from Sussex Co., N. J. 

(a) Winans. — Wanted any data of Wm, 
Peter or Philip Winans who served from Somer- 
set Co., N. J.— L. C. B. 

10261. Lewis. — Wanted n of County in which 
James Lewis, sol. enlisted. This James Lewis 
gave land on which to build a Methodist 
Church in Chester Co., N. Y. and his s was 
one of the Charter Trustees of the Church. 
Gilbert Lewis was Master Mason of Trinity 
Lodge No. 10 April, 1815.— N. T. P. 

10262. Philips-Philipse. — Wanted gen of 
Eli and Jemima Philips whose s Oregon Haz- 
ard Philips was b Sept. 27, 1844 in Browns- 
ville, Fayette Co., Pa. and m Eliza Jane Mc- 
Dowell. Wanted also any Rev rec in these 
lines.— L. P. S. 

10263. Kincaid. — John Kincaid m 1769 and 
served thru Rev as quartermaster he was given 
some land for his services. Can anyone give 
certified proof of this service? — R. S. 

10264. Robinson. — John Robinson came to 
New Charles Parish, York Co., Va. from 
Cleasby, Eng. 1660 m Elizabeth Topper had s 
Anthony and several others. Wanted n of his 
other sons and maiden n of their wives. — 
E. H. H. 

10265. Hull. — Wanted Rev rec of Samuel 
Hull b 1755 m Bathena Norton or Denton. 
Moved to Va. abt the close of the Rev. He 
was s of Nathaniel Hull Jr. b in Fairfield, 
Conn. 1726 m 1754 Abigail dau of Timothy 
and Margery Piatt. Their were desc of George 
Hull who arrived from Eng. 1629. Settled in 
Fairfield, Conn. 1636 d there 1659.— B. C. 

10266. Chris man. — Wanted Rev rec in any 
of the following lines Jacob Chrisman m Mary 
Barbary Hite, their s Jacob b Aug. 9, 1770 m 




Elizabeth b Jan. 12, 1772 dau of John and 
Elizabeth Ozias. 

(a) Price. — Wanted gen and Rev rec of 
Wm. Price prob of Md. f of Irons Price b 
Aug. 14, 1878.— L. C. H. 

10267. Payne. — Wanted parentage, names of 
bros and sis and dates of Jeremiah Payne b 
in Va. m — McCoy. Lived and d nr Salem, 
Ind.— Z. W. 

10268. Carter-Austin. — Benjamin Carter 
and w Phoebe Austin lived in Cambridge, 
Washington Co., N. Y. between 1790 and 1807. 
In 1807 they were living in Denmark. Lewis 
Co., N. Y. It is thought they both came from 
Conn. Wanted parentage of both and there 
f Rev rec. 

(a) White. — Wanted Rev rec of Isaac Lov- 
ell White and his f who were living in Den- 
mark, Lewis Co., N. Y. at the time of the 1807 
Census. Thought to have come originally from 
N. H.— G. C. L. 

10269. Hopkins. — Samuel Hopkins of Va. 
possibly Mecklenburg Co. was an officer in Rev. 
Later founded Hopkinsville, Ky. Want n of 
w and dates of birth of m and d also proof of 
ser. S Moses b in Ky. What other ch? 

(a) Tsehorn-(Sehorn). — Swann. Lydia 
Katherine Tsehorn of S. C. had four bros, John, 
Jim., Robt. and Nicholas, famous Indian fight- 
ers. Also sis Malinda and possibly others. M 
John Swann and lived in Tenn. Owned planta- 
tion on French Broad river and another near 
Knoxville. Want n of her parents. Did her f 
serve in Rev? 

(b) Parker-Sheffield. — Aaron Parker, b 
abt 1734 d age 97, m Elizabeth Sheffield and 
lived near Stone Mt.,- Ga. He was related to 
Col. Wm. Parker who commanded a Regt. in 
the Rev. Wanted proof of ser and date of m. 

(c) Motley-Haynes. — James Motley b in 
Va. abt 1787 m Nancy Haynes.abt 1790, d abt 
183S. Want parents of each and Rev ser if 
any. Their dau Sarah, b 1821 in Ga. m Dennis 
Sheffield Hopkins of Clark Co., Ga. 

(d) Miller.— Wm. Miller, a Rev sol was 
prob of S. C. His s Wm. and Isaac b Fair- 
field Dist, S. C. Wanted n of w and dates 
of b, d, and m, also proof of ser. 

(e) Swann. — John Swann of S. C. fought 
in Rev prob under Sumpter, m Lydia Kather- 
ine Tsehorn lived after m in Tenn., d abt 1819, 
ch John, James, Nicholas, Robt, Reube, Ma- 
hala m Renear, Susan, Isaac Miller. Wanted 
proof of service and dates b and m. — S. M. F. 

10270. Bradley— Stepehen Bradley b 1642 d 
June 6, 1702 m 1683 Mary dau of Wm. Leete 
of Gilford, Conn. Was this Wm. Leete the 
7th Gov. of Conn. ? 

(a) Wanted Rev rec of f of Timothy Brad- 
ley b 1735 at Madison, Conn, and of his w 
Ellen Shipman. 

(b) Smith. — John Bradley b 1781 m Bessie 
dau of Timothy Smith of Clinton, Conn. Did 
Timothy Smith have Rev rec? 

(c) Holmes. — Frederick Bradley s of John 
m Lucy dau of Thomas Holmes and Mehitable 
Buel of Old Killingworth, Conn. Did Thomas 
Holmes have Rev rec? — H. M. F. 

10271. Stonebreaker-Reed. — Wanted parent- 
age of Peter Stonebreaker b 1803 in Pa. who 
m at Hartwick Otsego, N. Y. abt 1827 Juliet 
Reed b at Hartwick. Wanted also gen of Seth 
Reed and his w Mollie Buel parents of Juliet. 
— G. F. S. 

10272. Fowler. — Wanted parentage of George 
Fowler who m Sarah dau of Col. George 
Woods of Bedford, Pa. Their ch were John 
b Oct. 4, 1805 George b Aug. 1, 1807, James b 
Feb. 15, 1810, Priscilla b Apr. 21, 1812 m Robt. 
Laughry, Alex, b Aug. 19, 1820, Mary b Apr. 
20, 1822 m James Dennison, Andrew Jackson 
b Feb. 13, 1824, Wm. Armar b Feb. 12, 1826. 
George Fowler served in War of 1812 enliste 1 
with Capt. John Bird of Bedford Co. Light- 
horsemen. Gen. Brown commander-in-chief 
until he fell, then under Gen. Scott. Did 
George Fowler's f have Rev rec. 

(a) Nelson. — Wanted parentage of Eliza- 
beth Nelson who m — Waddell, she was the 
granddaughter of Thomas Nelson Jr. Signer 
of the Declaration of Independence. — A.P.F.A. 

10273. Guild. — Wanted Rev rec of Samuel 
Guild b at Wrentham, Mass. Apr. 21, 1734. d 
West Winfield, N. Y. July 18, 1816, m May 
29, 1760 at Greenfield, Mass. Ruth Nims b 
Mar. 7, 1744 d Aug. 14, 1805. Their ch were 
Samuel, Joel, Elija, Olive, Oliver, and Sybil. 
— G. W. D. 

10274. Stirman. — Wanted gen w's maiden n 
and Rev rec of f of Capt. James H. Stirman of 
the War of 1812. His f came from Eng. 
and settled near James river and m Elizabeth 
L. Dowell.— H. T. C. 

10275. Hildreth-Hickman. — Wanted Hil- 
dreth and Hickman gens. & any Rev rec in 
either fam. Silas Hildreth m Eliz. — and their 
s David b Oct. 2, 1806 m May 21, 1832 Jane 
Ann b Mar. 13, 1810, dau of Andrew & Sarah 
Hickman. Ch of David & Jane Ann Hildreth 
were Richard b Oct. 29. 1833; Mary b Jan. 16, 
1836; David b Oct. 23, 1840; Jane Ann b Jan. 
9, 1842; David Bergen Rittenhouse b Aug. 22, 
1843; Sarah Jane b Mar. 29, 1847; Eliz. b Dec. 
16, 1850. These ch were all born in N. J. 
David Hildreth was owner of a sailing vessel 
that sailed out of Egg Harbor. — M. P. J. 

10276. Earl. — Wanted date of m of Commo- 
dore Caleb Earl to Tabitha Franklin,, also his 
Rev. rec. Also date of b of their s Samuel 
who d May 22, 1819 at Annville, Lebanon Co., 
Pa. while fighting an epidemic of smallpox. 
— M. L. R. 



10277. Sitton — Win. Bules Sitton had s 
Joseph b Oct. 9, 1745, & his s John b Oct. 9, 
1767 had s Thomas Sitton b Nov. 13, 1786 
prob in Tenn. who m Nancy Boze of Lincoln 
Co., Mo. Their s Wm. d May 9, 1865, m Dec. 
27, 1820, Polly Ingram b Jan. 20, 1809 d Oct. 
30, .1877. Wanted gen. data & Rev ser on these 
lines. — M. A. M. 

10278. Marshall-Haden. — John Marshall of 
Montg. Co., Ky. one of the 1st set. of Warren 
Co., Mo. m Poley Haden Feb. 1791. Wanted 
ances. of both & Rev ser, if any. Their ch 
were Alexander b Nov., 1791, Betsey, Francis, 
Sary, Goodwin, Poley, Unity b Dec. 9, 1803 m 
Nathaniel Hart, Jr. Mar. 6, 1723 ; & John. Ch 
of his 2nd m to Poley French were Ibbey, Eve- 
lina, Nancy, Wiley & Humphrey b Nov. 13, 1821. 

(a) Caton-Sparks.— Wanted gen. of Jesse 
Caton b Apr. 20, 1762 & of his w Esther 
Sparks b Mar. 20, 1770 whom he m Jan. 25, 
1787. They set nr. Marthasville, Warren Co., 
Mo. in 1811'. Said to have come from Ky. in 
one of the parties led by Daniel Boone. Esther 
Sparks was a sis. of Henry Bryan's w. 

(b) McCutchen. — Wanted parentage of 
John G. McCutchen who m Rebekah Caton Apr. 
7, 1825, in Warren Co., Mo. Did his f have 
Rev. rec. ? 

(c) Barnett. — Wanted ances of Solomon 
Barnett b 1793 prob in N. Car. & his w Mar- 
garet Hourigan b 1797, prob in Marion Co., Ky. 
Was she a dau of Patrick Hourigan who ser 
in Capt. Long's Co. of Rifle Corps, 1779, Va. ? 

(d) Rowland. — Wanted gen of Eliz. Row- 
land b 1808, who m Geo. Washington McQuitty 
abt. 1824. Wanted also gen. of Mary Crump 
who m Andrew McQuitty, prior to 1800, prob 
in Pa. or Ky.— M. H. B. 

10279. Blair. — Wanted gen and all data of 
John Blair of Boston, Mass. who fought at 
Bunker Hill. He named his youngest s after 
Gen. Warren who fell in that battle. — G. B. 

10280. Ramsey.— Wanted gen and Rev rec of 
John (?) Ramsey, who lived between Hagers- 
town and Frederick, Md. m Priscila, dau of 
John Smith of Eng. Their ch were Hester, m 
Loudin Mullin ; Barbara m Judge Wilson moved 
to Ohio and later to Iowa ; dau m — McDill ; 
George, Amos Smith, Joseph who moved to 
Cal. and others. — G. D. 

10281. S helton. — Wanted gen and military 
ser with proof of Wm. Shelton who m Patience, 
removed from King and Queen Co., Va. to 
that part of Albemarle Co. which is now 
Fluvanna Co. 

(a) Sheppard. — Wanted gen of Christopher 
Sheppard and maiden n of his w. His will 
was proved in Albemarle Co., Va. in 1784. His 
s Augustine m Sarah dau of Wm. Shelton. 

(b) Mills. — Wanted parentage of Lucy Mills 
who m Joseph Twyman. 

(c) Daniel. — Wanted gen of Mary Daniel 
who m Sir Edward Walker and settled in what 
is now Caroline Co., Va. — R. B. 

10282. Marvin.— Wanted n of f of Maria 
Marvin b Apr. 8, 1793, d Dec. 9, 1831. m Par- 
don Bowen and lived in Scipio, N. Y— G S. C 

10283. Preston.— Wanted parentage of Sam- 
uel Preston b 1753 d in Fayette Co., Pa. 1828. 
Also maiden n of his w Mary. Is he a s of 
Col. Wm. Preston who d in Va. 1783?— E. P. C. 

10284. Rea — Wanted Rev rec of ances of 
Esther Rea, dau of Alexander, who m Michael 
Aloore 1768 lived in Sussex Co., N. J. and later 
in Northumberland Co., Pa. where she d 1830. 

(a) Eflin.— Wanted gen of Isaac Eflin who 
m Margaret, dau of Alexander, and Margaret 
Albertson Moore, in Northumberland Co., Pa. 
and later removed to 111. and then to Mahaska 
Co., Iowa. — C. S. 

10285. Clark-Jack.— Wanted parentage of 
Wm. Clark Cumberland Co., Pa. and also of 
his w Margaret Jane Jack, Cumberland Co., 
Pa. They lived in Bourbon Co., Ky. Their 
ch were Wm, James, Margaret, Frances, Eliza. 
Is there Rev rec in these lines. — F. A. P. 

10286. West.— Wanted parentage of Hannah 
West said to have been from S. C. who m 
Abram Peebles b 1787, d 1824. They lived in 
Ky. and had several ch. She d in Richland 
Co., N. Y. abt 1849.— S. E. T. 

10287. Walworth.— Wanted proof that 
Charles Walworth who lived in Canaan, N. H. 
before and after the Rev was a Capt. in the 
War.— M. LeC. 

10288. Turner. — Wanted all dates and maiden 
n of w of Hezekiah Turner and of his s George 
Robert, whose s George Robert Turner b Nov. 
30, 1820. d Jan. 190S m Apr., 1847 Mary Fran- 
ces Kelly b Apr. 14, 1827, d 1902. The family 
resided in or near Harrisonburg. Rockingham 
Co., Va.— J. T. McQ. 

10289. Truesdell — Wanted name of f of 
Richard Truesdell, also place and d of his birth. 
The Truesdell's orginally came from Boston 
and Cambridge, Mass. Richard Truesdell at 
Warner's Patent Land, N. Y. age 90 yrs. He 
m first Lydia Linsley of Brandford, Conn. Feb. 
20. 1723. He m his second w Lucy Wheaton 
abt 1750. Ch Johanna b 1725 m Levi Rogers, 
Mary b 1727, Lydia b 1729, Ebenezer b 1731, 
Jonathan b Dec. 25, 1733 at Brandford, Conn., 
m at Mansfield, Conn. Jerusha Hutchins, Nov. 
14, 1765; James b 1736 m Rachel Wheaton; 
Samuel b 1739, Lucy, Justin.— H. F. P. 

10290. Mosley-Van Voorhis.— Wanted gen 
of Jonathan Ogden Mosley and his w Ger- 
trude Van Voorhis who lived in East Hadden, 
Conn, in the latter half of 18th century. Their 
dau Phoebe Ann Ogden Mosley m Jacob Bo- 



gardus b 1785, d 1868. Jonathan Mosley said 
to have served in Congress for 16 yrs d at 
the home of his s Win. in Saginaw, Mich. 
Did he have Rev rec? 

(a) Buckminster.— Was Rev. Joseph Buck- 
minster b 1720 d 1792 Chaplain in Col. Webb's 
Regt, Capt. Bostwick Co. at the time of 
Washington's crossing the Del. or was it his s? 
— B. B. B. 

10291. Felton. — Is James Felton shown in 
" Mass. Soldiers and Sailors " as sol from New 
Salem, Mass., the same James Felton who was 
baptized in Old Salem, Mass. Oct. 8, 1738? If 
so, is there Rev rec for his f David who was 
baptized Feb. 21, 1713? 

(a) Millard. — Wanted parentage of Susanna 
Millard b Mar., 1764 m at Berlin, Rensselaer 
Co., N. Y. June, 1788 to Joshua Vincent Rev 
sol formerly of R. I. or Conn. 

(b) Williams. — Samuel Williams b Ston- 
ington, Conn. 1734 moved to Hartland, Vt. 
prior to Rev, has he Rev rec? He was the s 
of Samuel and grandson of Ebenezer Williams 
of Stonington. Did his s James have Rev rec? 
— C. F. P. 

10292. Rounds.— Wanted Rev rec of f and 
parentage of Sarah Rounds who m Robert Slem- 
mons. Please give all names and dates. 

(a) Morris. — Wanted parentage and Rev rec 
of f of Maurice Morris of Va. also maiden n 
of his w. 

(b) Wanted any information of Ellis family, 
especially the Rev rec of John Ellis f of James. 
— C. L. M. 

10293. Scott. — Wanted Christian name and 
Rev rec of — Scott f of James who lived in 
Marlboro, Ulster Co., N. Y. 

(a) Gage. — W r anted gen of Polly Gage of 
Methuen, Mass. who m Joshua Buswell, Apr. 
12, 1797.— D. D. 

10294. Wood word. — Wanted n of w and ch 
and any other data of Joshua Woodword pri- 
vate in Lt. Col. J. Olney's Co. Israel Angell's 
Regt b in Smithfield, R. I. enlisted in Smithfield, 
1776.— R. N. T. 

10295. Van Vlack. — Wanted ances back to 
the immig., of Abram Van Vlack b Feb. 2, 1755 
at Fishkill, N. Y. d Nov. 19, 1836 at La Grange., 
Dutchess Co., N. Y. m Margaret — b 1757 d 
Apr. 8, 1839. Was her n Scouten? Their ch 
Abraham, b 1777 m Catherin Weever ; Henry 
b 1779, John A. b 1781 m first Elizabeth Gid- 
ley and second Maria James, widow ; Martin 
b 1783, Andrew b 1785 m Catherine Jewell ; Jacob 
b 1787, Isaac b 1789, Maria b 1791, Wm. 1793, 
Cornelius b 1795, Betsey b 1798. 

(a) Hall-Wetherbee. — Capt. Ephraim 
Wetherbee b Stow, Mass. d Nov. 7, 1745 Bos- 
ton, Mass. also lived in Lunenburg, Mass. and 
was one of the Founders of Charlestown, N. H. 
He m first at Stow, Apr. 20, 1721 Elizabeth 

Hall who d June 17, 1732 at Lunenburg. Their 
ch were Ruth b Feb. 28, 1722, m Joseph Wood; 
Ephraim, Paul b 1726 m Hannah Pierce ; Mary 
b Jan. 6, 1729, m Ephraim Kimball; Betsey b 
May 15, 1732. Wanted ances of Elizabeth Hall. 
— E. N. C. 

10296. Tandy. — The Historical Commission 
of S. C. shows that Private Achilles Tandy 
was paid July 5, 1785 and again Oct. 29, 1785 
for ser rendered as sol during the Rev. War 
Dept rec refer to a Lt. Achilles Tandy and on 
a monument in Balto. is the name of Capt. 
Achilles Tandy. Wanted date and place of 
birth of Achilles Tandy and his gen. — S. E. B. 

10297. Nevers. — Wanted ances of Joseph 
Nevers who had sons Bryling, John and Al- 
theus. Bryling b 1801 lived in Rockingham, 
Vt. Charlestown and Claremont, N. H. John 
lived in Northfield, Mass. Joseph Nevers had 
a bro who lived in Northfield, Mass, known as 
the Esq. and Gen. Any information concern- 
ing these will be greatly appreciated. 

(a) Adams. — Deacon Thomas Adams cap- 
tured by French and Indians Apr. 20, 1757 
near Charlestown, N. H. taken to Canada, and 
exchanged next Nov. d on his way home at 
Quebec of Small Pox. His s Daniel was the 
f of Lucretia who m Bryling Nevers. Would 
like any information concernig this fam. — 
L. E. N. 

10298. Hyde.— Wm. W. Hyde came to Iowa 
abt 7 yrs ago from Clayville, N. Y. His f 
was Eleazer from Norwich, Conn, and his f 
was Capt. Mathew Hyde. Was he a Capt. in 
the Rev? give proof. Wanted also his dates 
and n of his w. — E. H. W. 

10299. Merrit. — Ebenezer Merrit of Port 
Chester, N. Y. m Aug. 17, 1723 at Sing Sing, 
near Ossining, Synthia Willis. She had a bro 
Caleb. Joseph and Caleb Willis enlisted 1777 
at Brookfield, Conn. Can this be Caleb, bro 
of Cynthia Willis. Both fams were Metho- 
dists. Wanted any information concerning 
ances of Cynthia Willis.— S. H. N. 

10300. Perry-Tucker. — Wanted gen of Ze- 
bedee Perry of Norway, Me. and also of his w 
Judith Tucker. Wanted also ances of Oliver 
Perry of War of 1812 and n of his w and ch. 
— F. B. 

10301. Curry. — Wanted gen of Elsie Curry 
whose family was connected with the early pio- 
neer life of Cincinnati, Ohio. She m Apollos 
Kinsley. Wanted also Apollos Kinsley's gen. 
He was active in the early pioneer life of Ind., 
was commissioned Major in the Ind. State Mil. 
in 1835 and d in Shelbyville, Ind.— N. B. K. 

10302. Hendricks. — Wanted parentage of 
Martha Hendricks who m first — Duke and 
had s Charles who moved to Leesville, Fla. and 
Thomas who was killed in the Mex. War. Mar- 
tha Hendricks m second Samuel Stanley. She 



d in Columbia, S. C. abt 1818. She had a bro 
Dr. Robt. Hendricks who m Polly Daniels from 
S. C. in 1795 and sis Sarah who m Robt. Grey, 
(a) Stanley. — Wanted gen of Samuel Stan- 
ley who settled in Va. abt 1740 in Hanover Co., 
St. Paul's Parish 1782. M first Miss Peasley and 
had six dau. M second Martha Hendricks, and 
had ch Robt., Wm, Byrd and Martha.— L. M. 

10303. Pitts- Weldon -Powell- Anderson- 
Pinkethmam-Shields-Eaton-Fordbooker. — ■ 
Correspondence desired with desc of any of 
these fams of Amelia Co., Va.- — A. L. B. 

10304. Lewis. — Wanted gen and Rev rec of 
John Lewis who m Viney Ward. His ch lived 
in Burke Co., Ga. Wanted proof of his ser and 
whether he fought from N. C. or Ga. — M. G. R. 

10305. Marshall. — Wanted place and date 
of m of James Marshall and Elizabeth Reyn- 
olds. James Marshall Sr. was b in 1730 and his 
f Nathaniel was b 1710.— J. M. H. 

10306. Moffit. — Wanted maiden n of w of 
Wm. Moffit, sol in Capt. Patrick Hays' Co., 
9th Bat., Lancaster Co. Mil. commanded by Col. 
John Rogers. — M. E. L. 

10307. Nelson-Lough head. — Wanted Rev 
rec and parentage with dates of Samuel Nelson 
and also of his w Rebekah Loughhead whom 
he m in 1768 in York Co., Pa. Their dau Jane 
b 1770 d 1828 m James Buchanan. 

(a) Cochran. — Wanted gen and Rev rec of 
John Cochran who immig. from the north of 
Ireland abt 1750 settled near Waynesboro, 
Franklin Co., Pa. m — Baird. Their dau 
Eleanor b 1761 d 1812 m Joseph Duncan. 
Wanted also Rev Rec of Joseph Duncan Sr. 
who immig. from Co. Antrim, Ireland in 1742 
located in Cumberland Co., Pa. and m Eliza- 
beth dau of John Wallace in 1742. 

(b) Rowan. — Wanted gen and Rev rec of f 
of Jane Rowan b 1740 d 1814 m John Buchanan 
and lived in York Co., Pa. — E. J. D. 

10308. Crawford. — Wanted maiden n of w of 
Col. John Crawford of Pa. and place of resi- 
dence and burial. 

(a) Stewart. — Wanted parentage of Mathew 
Stewart. He came from Scotland or Eng. and 
settled in Mechlenburg Co., N. C. Wanted also 
maiden n of his w Elizabeth. Did he or his s 
John render Rev ser. — E. S. B. 

10309. Crute-Cruit. — Wanted gen and Rev 
data of parents of Henry Crute who m first 
Priscilla Henderson. Wanted her ances. He m 
second Miss Hart and lived near Russellville, 
Brown Co., Ohio. Ch of Henry and Priscilla 

Crute were Jefferson, Wilson, John, Henderson 
b 1820, Amanda, and Sarah. 

(a) Tucker. — Wanted parentage of Jesse 
Tucker, Rev sol, and of his w Nancy Lane 
whom he m 1781. Their ch were Permelia, 
Claudius Lucius, Presto, Granville, Sinclair 
and two dau. 

(b) Ruffner. — Wanted gen and Rev rec of 
Amanuel Ruffner b 1758 d 1848 m first Magde- 
line b 1757, m second Elizabeth Groves b 1779. 
Family rec show he served in Rev, as teamster 
from Va.— G. C. A. 

10310. Norris.— Robert Norris b abt 1725 
lived at Long Cane, Abbeville Co., S. C. M 
first Rebecah Wench, and ,second Rachael dau 
of Wm. and Agnes Long Calhoun. Wanted Rev 
rec with dates of b, d and m of Rebecah. Many 
of the early settlers of Long Cane belonging to 
the Norris family were massacred prior to the 
Rev. Is Robt. Norris of the Norris family 
of Md. 

(a) Doudle. — Wanted Rev rec of Robt. 
Doudle, name of his w and dates of their b, d, 
and m. I think both are from S. C. — U. C. R. 

10311. Stuart. — Wanted gen of Charles Stu- 
art who m Philadelphia Simpson and had a 
s James who m Parthenia Thaxton in Bridge- 
port, Ky abt 1842. This f came from Va. Is 
there Rev ser in this line? — C. S. R. 

10312. Hall.— Wanted dates of b and m and 
names of w and ch of Lyman Hall, Signer of the 
Declaration of Independence. — E. H. H. 

10313. Ford.— Wanted gen data of the fam 
of Jacob Ford from Morristown, N. J. He had 
powder mills in Rev and furnished powder for 
the army and his house was used for head- 
quarters for Gen. Washington. His s Jacob b 
1772 d in Charleston, S. C. 1834. Had s Freder- 
ick Adams Ford of Va. Wanted names of 
wives and dates of Jacob Sr. and Jr. and Rev 
rec of Jacob Sr.— M. F. S. 

10314. Felton — Wanted names and dates of 
the first Felton who came to America and where 
he settled. — G. E. F. 

10315. Porter.— Wanted parentage of David 
R. Porter, Gov. of Pa. 1839-45. He' was b in 
Pa. 1788 and d 1867. Wanted also n of w 
and ch . of Moses Porter, " Rev officer," dis- 
tinguished at Fort George. He was b at Dan- 
vers, Mass. in 1788 and d at Cambridge, Mass. 
1822.— M. L. C. 

10316. Loud.— Wanted parentage of Rufus 
Woodbury Loud and of his w Jane Scammon. 
—A. M. 

To Insure Accuracy in the Reading of Names and Promptness in Publication 
Chapter Reports must be Typewritten EDITOR. 

-^j5^ Tf 

The Wichita Chapter (Wichita, Kan.) was 
organized December 16, 1916. That a study 
course in United States history might be pur- 
sued to advantage, and because there was 
already a strong and rapidly growing Chapter 
in the city, the membership was limited to 
twenty-five. Perhaps the most outstanding 
feature of this Chapter has been its recognition 
of the American Indian Institute as a logical 
interest of the Daughters of the American 
Revolution. It was only by chance that at the 
very beginning of its Chapter life Mrs. W. C. 
Roe, one of the trustees of the school, pre- 
sented her work to the members. 

Mrs. Roe's application was filed at once and 
as member of the Wichita Chapter, she made 
her first appearance in Washington in 1917. 
Again in 1919 she focused attention upon the 
school by offering a prize of $50 for the best 
essay on " The 20th Century Patriot — an In- 
dian." At last, in April, 1921, the 30th Conti- 
nental Congress crowned her efforts with suc- 
cess by placing the school upon the accredited 
list and pledging its help in behalf of the 
American Indian. Already as a result many 
scholarships have been received and State con- 
ventions are asking Mrs. Roe to speak. 

The Wichita Chapter will always be glad to 
answer questions about the institute. It is in 
close personal touch with the leaders and stu- 
dent body and will account for any funds 
received for the school. Yearly since our 
organization we have given $150 to the work. 

This, however, has not interfered with the 
regular Chapter routine. For the first two 
years a broad outline of American History of 
the earlier period was covered. Last year 
Revolutionary cities were studied. The win- 
ter of 1921-22 will find the members busy with 
" Early Religions of America and Women 
Prominent in Early History of America." At 
each meeting the letter from the President 
General in the current issue of the Daughters 
of the American Revolution Magazine is 
read. Thrift programs are squeezed in and a 
call for workers or money for the welfare of 
women and children is never neglected. 

Our war service record is open for inspec- 
tion in all its departments and we have kept 
an accurate record of the work in our His- 
torian's book. 

Considering the size of our Chapter, the work 
accomplished has been very creditable and we 
are not lacking in interest to make our future 
useful and a credit to the National Society. 
Irma D. Whitney, 


Alice Whitman Chapter (Lewiston, Idaho) 
entered an attractive float in the Rose Carnival 
Parade during the past summer. Built en- 
tirely from the two wild flowers, the blue 
Lupin and white Yarrow, with " 1776 " in red 
roses, the effect was artistic. A Colonial 
Sedan in the blue Lupin, curtained with chintz, 
enclosed the chauffeur, behind which two fig- 
ures, the gentleman beside a garden chair, the 
lady in old silk gown seated beside her spin- 
ning wheel. 

The need of patriotic education was demon- 
strated by a spectator remarking, as the float 
passed, "17761 Why did they not number all 
the cars ? " 

(Mrs. J. E.) Daisy T. Babb, 


Quassaick Chapter (Newburgh, N. Y.). 
Our active membership is ninety-two. Monthly 
meetings of the Chapter and of the Executive 
Committee have been held except during 
August. We have revised the Constitution and 
By-laws to conform to those of the State Con- 
ference and of the National Society. We have 
advanced our dues twenty-five per cent. Our 
annual meeting will be held the third Thursday 
of May. 

The anniversary of the founding of the 
Republic hy the Pilgrim Fathers and Mothers 
was observed. Likewise the adoption of 
the Constitution. 

On the Chapter's twenty-seventh anniver- 
sary, forty-seven members responded to roll- 
call, each giving a few words of greeting. Miss 
Betts, delegate to the Saratoga conference, and 
the Regent, Mrs. Kelley, gave their reports. 



The present Regent, Mrs. Robert H. Barr, read 
an original poem entitled " For Liberty." 

On Armistice Day representatives of ten 
local women's societies gave brief reports of 
what their organizations were doing in Ameri- 
canization work. 

Our honored State Regent, Mrs. Charles W. 
Nash, in her visit to us December 8th in an 
inspiring address, put us in touch with the 
work and aims of the National Society. 

At the annual luncheon February 22nd, the 
Father of his Country received a generous 
measure of attention. The speakers were the 
Chaplain, Rev. J. Lewis Hartsock, Rev. J. 
Woodman Babbitt, Rev. David M. Hunter and 
Rev. J. Marshall Chew. 

On March 4th, National Day, Mrs. Russell 
Kohl gave an entertaining talk on " What 
America should mean to me and what I should 
mean to America." In April a study of feath- 
ered neighbors of the air, through the medium 
of lantern slides, was made. 

The day when Mrs. John W. Crowell, dele- 
gate to the 30th Continental Congress and the 
Regent, Mrs. William H. Kelley, brought in 
such fine reports of the activities of the 
National Society through the fifty-one States 
represented in the organization, was possibly 
the fullest in enlightenment and enthusiasm. 

The Treasurer reported : Receipts, $369.35 ; 
Disbursements, $367.25 ; Contributions. Fourth 
of July observance by Patriotic Societies, $5 ; 
Dues Knox Headquarters' Association, $5 ; 
D. A. R. Room, St. Luke's Hospital, $25 ; High 
school honor student in American history, 5 ; 
Pilgrim Day observance- December 21st, $5. 
Quota — four special funds endorsed by Na- 
tional Society, $45. State Utility Fund, $23.50. 
The Chapter owns a $100 Liberty Bond. We 
held a luncheon and cake sale which netted $50. 
A sale of poppies netted $43.60 for the French 
Orphans' Relief Fund. 

A copy of the Daughters of the American 
Revolution Magazine is on file at the 
City Library. 

The Secretary prepared a brief record of the 
work done by the Chapter in the Red Cross and 
Canteen activities, and of the service given by 
the sons of members, which will be published 
in " Newburgh in the World War." 

(Miss) Ida C. LeRoy 
Recording Secretary. 

Cumberland Valley Chapter (Ida Grove, 
Iowa) has held ten regular meetings besides 
Regent's day, which was observed as a winter 
picnic, having a one o'clock luncheon and study 
of the Lineage books and preparing of supple- 
mental papers. At this meeting our organiz- 
ing Regent presented us with a frame for 
our Charter. 

Our By-laws were revised to conform to 

those of the National Society. Our study this 
year has been of the women of Colonial and 
Revolutionary times, and has been very 

Armistice Day was observed by having two 
young ladies who had just returned from the 
battle fields of France and Belgium describe 
these and tell the Chapter of the cemeteries 
and conditions in these countries. We assisted 
the American Legion in their Armistice Day 
celebration and bazaar. The Pilgrim Tercen- 
tenary was duly observed by a special program. 
The American's Creed is used in our open- 
ing exercises. 

The Regent and Magazine Chairman offered 
to the pupil in the city school who has the 
highest grades in American History, a gold 
and a silver medal. These medals were given 
for securing 75 per cent, or more of our mem- 
bers as subscribers to our Daughters of the 
American Revolution Magazine. 

We have given 200 copies of the American's 
Creed for distribution in the schools of the 
county, and placed three copies of the Ameri- 
can Constitution in public buildings. Our 
pledge, which was made last spring at the 
conference of $50, was paid to the Interna- 
tional College at Springfield, Mass. We made 
our third payment of $25 of our foundership 
pledge to Tomassee. We gave $10 towards 
buying a carload of corn, which Ida County 
is sending to European sufferers. 

Also $15 to our local American Legion Post. 
Two hundred and forty-two dollars and sixty 
cents was collected from " Poppy Day " in 
Ida County through our Chapter and sent to the 
American and French Children's League. Our 
budget is 100 per cent, as is also our 
Daughters of the American Revolution 
Magazine subscription, having 34 subscribers. 
We have the honor of having the State Chair- 
man of the Magazine Committee, Mrs. Laura 
Lynch, chosen from our members. By her 
untiring efforts she has nearly doubled the 
number of subscribers in the state since 
last year. 

Our Chapter assisted in the observance of 
Memorial Day. 

We sent fifty pounds of home-made candy 
to the Federal Hospital at Knoxville on St. 
Valentine's Day, and received most apprecia- 
tive letters from Mrs. Gebhardt and the 
boys there. 

Our membership the past year was 38 and 
since January 1st we have added four new 
members, and have four more applications in 
Washington. Our entrance fees have been 
raised to $10. 

In the fall we planned and carried out a 
surprise on our organizing and retiring Regent 
and presented her with an ancestral shield as 



a slight token of our appreciation of her work 
for our Chapter. 

Mrs. Bertha B. Finch, 


Patterson Chapter (Westfield, N. Y.) has 
spent a pleasant and profitable year. Patriotic 
education has been the keynote of the work of 
the Chapter. In furtherance of this, at one 
meeting, Mrs. Grace Sippi read " The Immi- 
grants," by Percy MacKaye. 

For many years Patterson Chapter has given 
a prize to the Westfield high school student 
writing the best essay on an historical subject. 
This year an additional prize was given to the 
students of the Ripley high school. 

At the beginning of the year, the Regent, 
Mrs. Ben Boult, assisted by the Vice Regent, 
Mrs. John Jones, delightfully entertained Pat- 
terson Chapter in honor of the State Regent, 
Mrs. Charles Nash, of Albany. Mrs. Nash 
gave a fine talk on Americanization and the 
activities of the State and National organiza- 
tions. Our former State Regent, Miss Broad- 
head, of Jamestown, also spoke, emphasizing 
Airs. Nash's remarks. 

The Chapter has paid the sixty cents per 
capita to the four great enterprises presented 
by Mrs. Nash. We have further contributed 
to the American Library Association, the Near 
East fund, the memorial for the Schuyler Man- 
sion in Albany, the Tomassee School in South 
Carolina and the Martha Berry School 
in Georgia. 

A dark blue silk banner, lettered in gold, was 
presented by the Chapter to the John W. 
Rogers Post of the American Legion. 

As the members have shown a splendid spirit 

of cooperation, Patterson Chapter is looking 

forward with enthusiasm to the opportunities 

of service to be offered during the coming year. 

Cora E. House, 


Hollywood Chapter (Hollywood, Calif.), 
organized in 1910, has a limited membership 
of one hundred. Many of our members have 
been transferred from eastern chapters, so the 
diversity of our interests affords us inspira- 
tion along many lines of D. A. R. endeavor. 
The year just ended, under the able leadership 
of Mrs. Eunice J. Eastman, has been one of 
achievement. Interesting programs, presented 
by able speakers, have been given at our 
monthly meetings, while our October picnic, 
Christmas party and June musicale were note- 
worthy social affairs. 

For several years the Chapter has contrib- 
uted two scholarships to Berea College, Ken- 
tucky, and an additional part of our Ameri- 
canization work has consisted in helping the 
school at Avenue 19, with clothing, money and 
other necessities. 

Over two hundred dollars was raised at a 
card party given at the home of our Vice 
Regent, Mrs. J. F. Kent. This sum was con- 
tributed to work being done for disabled vet- 
erans of the World War. As a further token 
of our interest in the returned soldiers, a post 
banner was presented to Hollywood Post, No. 
43, of the American Legion. 

(Mrs. Thos. F.) Nellie F. Cooke, 

Triangle Chapter (North East, Pa.). Have 
had a profitable year. Aside from our 
regular meeting we have had some pleasant 
social affairs. Have added 16 new members, 
making a total of 59. On July 21, 1921, a 
lawn party was given at the home of the Re- 
gent, Mrs. George E. Pierce. The spacious 
grounds presented a beautiful scene. The 
Italian band, several of whom were students of 
the night school, rendered excellent music dur- 
ing the evening. Ice cream and cake was 
served and cakes were on sale. The proceeds 
which were in the neighborhood of $100, 
were given to the night school for the 
education of the foreigners, along the lines 
of Americanization. 

We also gave a fine concert which added 
about $15 to the treasury. Report of work 
accomplished for the year : Immigrant Manual 
fund, $12.50; markers for soldiers' graves, 
$2.50; Tomassee School Scholarship, 5; Na- 
tional Tuberculosis Association, $5 ; Ameri- 
canization Night School, $120; Lineage books 
and histories for library, $21. Total, $166. 
(Mrs. Geo. A.) Carrie E. Watt, 

Bonny Kate Chapter (Knoxville, Tenn.) 
has had an interesting year, as professors from 
the University of Tennessee gave addresses on 
the important questions of the day. The slo- 
gan for the year was " Patriotic Education " 
or education of the " Mountain Child " which 
was launched with a " Tag Day " on September 
25, 1920. The sum of $1300 was realized for 
the completion of a beautiful D.A.R. Hall at 
Lincoln Memorial University at Harrogate, 
Tenn., to be used as a dormitory for 120 boys. 
This building is to cost $50,000 and $25,000 of 
this is to be the gift of the Tennessee Daugh- 
ters, $185 was given by various members for 
patriotic education. $100 was appropriated for 
repairs to the D.A.R. cottage at Devil's Fork, 
Unicoi County. The April report showed that 
over $1825 has been collected to date. In May 
a rummage sale was held, realizing the sum 
of $201, to be used in our mountain work, plac- 
ing the amount at over $2,000. Bonny Kate 
was 100 per cent, on the Americanization 
pamphlet, Guernsey scholarship, Plymouth 
Assessment and Paris Museum. The Chapter 
has contributed to the Traveler's Aid and 



Hunter settlement, also to the $100 scholar- 
ship at University of Tennessee known as the 
Mrs. J. Harvey Mathes scholarship. 

Bonny Kate has started libraries in two 
mountain schools, the Regent having collected 
and packed a box of 125 books, for Oliver 
Springs, and 120 for Devil's Fork. 

Bonny Kate felt highly honored when her 
former Regent Miss Mary B. Temple was 
elected State Regent in 1920, and reelected in 
1921. On July 30, 1920, Miss Temple was 
asked to present the flag to the super-dread- 
naught Tennessee at Brooklyn Navy Yard. 
The Chapter feels proud to have one of its 
members Mrs. W. M. Goodman elected State 
President of the United Daughters of the Con- 
federacy, and also to have another D.A.R. State 
officer in Mrs. R. J. Yearwood, State Secretary. 

Three members of Bonny Kate have been ac- 
tive officers of the Y.W.C.A. During the year 
the Chapter felt distinctly honored by a visit 
from our President General, Mrs. George M. 
Minor and Mrs. Buel. A luncheon at the 
Cherokee Country Club, a dinner at the Farra- 
gut Hotel and a drive to the historic spots in 
the city completed their short stay. Eighteen 
new members have been admitted during 
the year. 

King's Mountain day, the anniversary of 
Bonny Kate's Charter, and Constitution day 
were fittingly observed. Flag Day was ce'e- 
brated with an excellent program. General and 
Mrs. L. D. Tyson, the latter a member of 
Bonny Kate Chapter, have given to the City, 
a park of 21 acres, in memory of their son 
Lieutenant Charles McGhee Tyson, who made 
the supreme sacrifice during the World War. 

The Daughters of the American Revolu- 
tion Magazine is taken by a number of the 
members, and has proven both interesting and 
of great help genealogically. 

During the summer it was found necessary 
to continue our work to complete the amount 
for our D.A.R. Hall at L.M.U. and a campaign 
was conducted, in which Miss Temple our State 
Regent solicited over $2,534, a wonderful record 
which with contributions from the other mem- 
bers of Bonny Kate, and $1300 previously re- 
ported gives the Chapter $5,234 for this splen- 
did work. A $50 scholarship was given to Tus- 
culum College at Greenville, Tennessee. 

Our Historian turned in 26 questionnaires 
representing the number of sons and husbands 
engaged in the World War. The Chapter's 
Flag recorded only one Silver Star. 

(Mrs. Bent. B.) Alice Smith Cates, 


St. Anthony Falls Chapter (Minneapolis, 
Minn.) organized in 1917, now has a member- 
ship of sixty, forty of whom are active mem- 

bers and two Life Members. Seven have been 
admitted during the year. 

Our Chapter has the best record of any Chap- 
ter in the State for number of subscriptions 
sent in for the Daughters of the American 
Revolution Magazine, in the past year. 

One benefit movie was given during the year, 
and the proceeds added to the Americanization 
fund. Our Americanization committee has 
been especially active, classes of foreign women 
are taught regularly and parties are given 
for them. 

St. Anthony Falls Chapter has done much 
work for the disabled soldiers in hospitals 
here. We furnish entertainers two days every 
week, and give dances in the hospitals for the 
boys able to indulge in that pleasure. For the 
past few months our time during meetings has 
been given over to cutting and sewing cotton 
and silk rags, which the soldiers weave into 
rugs and portierres. 

The biggest thing accomplished by our Chap- 
ter this year was the placing of two bronze 
tablets on the beautiful bridge across the Missis- 
sippi river at Third Avenue, which through 
the efforts of our special committee, enlisting 
the support of several well known men, and 
appearing before the City Council at different 
times ; is now known by the name of St. An- 
thony Falls Bridge. 

On Constitution Day, September 17, 1921, we 
unveiled the tablets with appropriate cere- 
monies, which included : a presentation speech 
by our Regent, Mrs. D. C. Bennett; acceptance 
on behalf of the City by Mayor George C. 
Leach; a history of the Chapter by Mrs. M. 
H. Coolidge, State Regent : Story of the Falls, 
by Mrs. James T. Morris, Vice President Gen- 
eral and Chairman National Committee, Pre- 
servation of Historic Spots ; unveiling by Mrs. 
George E. Tuttle, Chairman of Tablet Com- 
mittee, and Mrs. H. A. Barnard, who, with the 
third member of the Committee, Mrs. B. W. 
Capen were born within hearing of the Falls. 
The ceremony was concluded by the scattering 
of flowers over the Falls by several little girls, 
daughters of Chapter members, in memory of 
pioneer women. 

At the time the bridge was built, St. Anthony 
Falls Chapter planned to have it named for St. 
Anthony Falls and the ceremony on Constitu- 
tion Day marked the fulfillment of that resolve. 

The tablets are 13 by 99 inches in size and are 
erected at each end of the bridge. Following 
is the inscription : 


1766 — Jonathan Carver visited the Falls. 
1819 — First white woman looked upon the 



1821-23 — Government saw and grist mills 

1848 — First dam and saw mill built on east 
side of river. 

1851_First flour mill on east side of river 

1859_First flour mill on east side of river 


1867 — First apron built to avoid erosion. 

1876— Government dike under river com- 

This tablet was erected by the St. Anthony 
Falls Chapter, Daughters of the American 
Revolution, 1921, at whose request the name 
St. Anthony Falls Bridge was adopted by the 
City Council. 

The bridge is directly over St. Anthony Falls 
and the imposing outlines of its structure are 
visible to all travellers entering the city by rail 
and from many points along the river. There 
is no engineering record in the United States 
of so large a bridge as this built of concrete 
arches on a curved line. 

(Mrs. E. J.) Clarissa T. Wallace, 


Thomas Wynne Chapter (Greenville, Tex- 
as). Our Public Schools and Literary Clubs 
have done splendid work along Civic improve- 
ments, Americanization, etc., having been until 
recently the baby Chapter of the state, we have 
been, through cooperation, able to accomplish 
the following : 

hi January, 1918, there were only two D.A.P 
members in our town. Mrs. C. B. Jones was 
appointed Organizing Regent, and April 30, 
1918, organized our Chapter, which was named 
for Thomas Wynne, her ancestor, with 15 
charter members. 

The first year Mrs. C. B. Jones served as 
Regent and the following was accomplished : 
Individual Bonds purchased by members $5,000; 
Thrift Stamps $1550; Red Cross Work 1620 
hours ; Canteen Workers^ 1 Captain, 1 Lieu- 
tenant, 3 workers three earning R. C. Service 
pins. Quota to Tilloloy and Liberty Loan paid. 
Red Cross and Y.M.C.A. $125; Devastated 
France $5 ; Belgium Relief $5 ; Polish victims 
$5 ; Hospital in Neuilly $5 ; Fatherless Children 
in France $5 ; French War Orphans $192, five 
having been adopted through work of Chap- 
ter; Storm sufferers two boxes of clothing 
(minimum value) $821 ; Magazine Fund $8. 

The second year Mrs. Lee R. Hoover served 
as Regent and a Children of American Revolu- 
tion was organized by our registrar, Miss Carr, 
with 25 members; Y.W.C.A. $5; W.C.T.U. 
$10; hospital for soldiers $4; Y.M.C.A. $25; 
Old Ladies Home $30; Orphanage $13, Sunday 
Dinner to orphanage ; better schools campaign 
$4.55 ; School Loan $13 ; Denton Normal scholar- 

ship $10; Philippine scholarship $5; Tomassee 
mountain school $10; Elizabeth Guernsey 
scholarship quota $1.25 Basket to convalescent 
$5; to State Health Department for Home for 
Tubercular soldiers at Kerrville, Texas $521. 
The State Regent in her report at the continental 
Congress emphasized this part of our work, 
giving us first place. One year Daughters of 
the American Revolution Magazine to Pub- 
lic Library; 15 subscriptions to Daughters of 
the American Revolution Magazine which 
puts the magazine in the home of every mem- 
ber in the Chapter. Two framed copies of 
constitution, one in high school, one in Library 
$8, Red Cross 100 per cent. 

The By-laws of our constitution make suc- 
cession ineligible for all officers except the 
registrar and Mrs. R. R. Neyland served as 
our third regent, and the Chapter reports 12 
hours work for Armistice Day ; one decorated 
car for Armistice Day, a report to State of 
Chapter heroes of World War with their ser- 
vice records and photos showing 14 direct de- 
scendants of Revolutionary ancestors. We are 
indebted to Owl Club (young boys) for a dona- 
tion of $50 to Armenian Relief. The follow- 
ing has been given: Southern Europe Relief 
$60; Sunshine Relief $3.50; Box to Eastern 
Relief $70 ; Committee on Education of For- 
eign women $6.50 ; City Forum $3 ; Chinese Re- 
lief $35; Korea $3; Salvation Army $5.50, 
Welfare Workers $7; Y.M.C.A. $10; Tubercu- 
lar Tags $8.50, work on same 24 hours ; Sell- 
ing French Orphan Poppies 12 hours ; one con- 
stitution framed $4.00 four others placed, total 
placed 5. Armenian Relief $75 ; Denton Nor- 
mal scholarship $20; Philippine scholarship $5; 
Charity, money $75, food and clothing $110; 
Daughters of the American Revolution 
Magazine to Public Library $1 ; D.A.R. sub- 
scriptions $13. 

The organizing regent Mrs. C. B. Jones, has 
served for the last two years as State Chap- 
lain and has represented the Chapter at the 
Continental Congress each year since organiza- 
tion and at each State Conference we have 
two delegates. 

All communications asked for by our Na- 
tional Society have been complied with and we 
are remembering our " fallen heroes " with the 
" palm leaves " as suggested by Society. 

We have voted to place in the hands of every 
child above the third grade in the County the 
" American Creed " and " Salute to the Flag." 
and to run same in local picture theatre. 

Bess Waters, 

Willard's Mountain Chapter (Greenwich, 
N.Y.). During the year nine meetings have 
been held. Our membership is now 47. Start- 



ing from 17 Charter members in 1897, the total 
number is 71, 15 deceased. 

The program has proved to be most interest- 
ing and has added valuable papers to the ar- 
chives. County history by towns, ancestry 
records, three minute papers on special topics, 
Our Charter of Liberties, Parlor Bolshevists, 
Japan and the Japanese Menace, the Genius of 
Theodore Roosevelt, the Block Mothers, Young 
America, the Hope of the World and roll-call 
quotations on such subjects as a Summer Ex- 
perience, Anecdotes of the Revolution, the 
World War, the Martyred Presidents, Ameri- 
can Patriots, Wit and Wisdom of Our Chil- 
dren, Current Events, Patriots of Today, 
" The Flag." 

We all feel gratified at the success of the 
Tercentenary celebration, with the Stereopticon 
lecture on the Romantic History of the May- 
flower Pilgrims, the cantata on the Landing of 
the Pilgrims, the Loan Exhibition and its esti- 
mated attendance of six hundred, to say noth- 
ing of the Americanization Fund resulting there- 
from, which has enabled the Chapter to contri- 
bute to many worthy causes. The Chapter has 
contributed its quota to the State Utility Fund, 
the Manual, the Plymouth Fountain, the Paint- 
ing of a Convoy, Mantle Ornaments for the 
Schuyler Mansion, has given to the Berry 
school, Tomassee and the International Col- 
lege; has twelve subscribers to the Daughters 
of the American Revolution Magazine; 
holds membership in the State Historical So- 
ciety, and the Washington County branch of 
the State Charities Aid. 

Ten members attended the State Conference 
at Saratoga. 

A report of the history of the Chapter since 
its beginning was sent to the State Historian. 
Five hundred copies of the Flag Code have been 
distributed. Graves of 52 soldiers were deco- 
rated with flags on Decoration Day ; 256 War 
Records have been collected by and for the 
Town Historian. The prize for the best 
examination in U.S. History, offered to pupils 
of the eighth grade, will be presented to four 
this year. This list for 24 years now contains 
42 names. 

Respectfully submitted, 
(Mrs. B. F.) Louise Boris Sharpe, 
Recording Secretary. 

Big Spring Chapter (Georgetown, Ky.). 
Meeting once a month in homes of members. 
As Kentucky's Woman, in Historical Program, 
we chose Rebecca Bryan Boone, who was ad- 
mirably represented by Mrs. Bedel Parker of 
N. Y., formerly Miss Fannie Gaines of George- 
town, Ky. 

For the incoming year our program will be 
Historic " Buildings and Sculptured Memorials." 

Our big work was a beautiful Gray Granite 
Monument, in memory of McClelland and his 
men who defended the fort in 1776, 36 men and 
one woman whose name is on the monument, 
Polly Hawkins Craig. 

Major Wilson delivered the original survey 
" made by Col. John Floyd, of the Big Spring 
and its branch July 9, 1774 and called the 
stream Royal Spring" Major Wilson quoted 


from a diary written by Thomas Hansen ; " All 
the land here is like Paradise, so good and 
so beautiful." 

For the mountain school we have chosen 
Hueyville, Floyd County, on account of easy 
access. Big Spring Chapter will give $100 and 
other chapters will contribute. Daughters of 
the American Revolution of Lexington gave a 
Fourth of July picnic to celebrate Independence 
day. It was at the Bryan Station Spring where 
the Memorial Wall was placed 28 years ago by 
the Lexington Chapter, in honor of the women 
who went to this spring for water at the time 
of the seige and thereby saved the Fort from 
the attack of the Indians. 

Mrs. John A. Herring. 

Jemima Johnson Chapter (Paris, Ky.). 
On June 24, 1921, our Chapter unveiled a stone 
tablet to mark the site of what was known in 
early pioneer days as Martin's Fort. 

The place is on the E. F. Clay farm three 
miles from Paris, the exact spot was located 



through the research work of Mrs. Wade 

Mrs. Cassius Clay, Regent, opened the ser- 
vices by stating the purpose of the meeting, 
and introduced the speaker of the occasion, Mrs. 
W. T. Lafferty, of Lexington, who has done 
such valuable research work in gathering to- 
gether data concerning early Kentucky history. 
She gave interesting accounts of the lives and 


characters of many of the pioneers who had an 
active part in the settlement of our beloved 
Commonwealth, Boone, Harrod, Hinkson, 
Townsend, Cooper and Martin being among the 
foremost. Mrs. Lafferty stated that this par- 
ticular spot was the cradle of Bourbon County 
history. Martin's Fort built in 1779 was one 
of the most formidable on the frontier. It was 
destroyed by the British and Indians on June 
24, 1780, its occupants taken prisoners and car- 
ried across the border into Canada. 

The tablet was then unveiled by the two little 
daughters of Mr. and Mrs. Brutus Clay. Mary 
and Ann, assisted by the voung son of Mr. and 
Airs. Win. Talbott. 

Miss E. E. Gomis. 

Cumberland County Chapter (Carlisle, 
Pa.) is in its twenty-seventh year. It was 
organized on May 9, 1895, chartered July 15, 
1895, and at present has seventy-five members, 
with a waiting list for admission. Six meet- 
ings are held during the year, five in Carlisle 
and the June meeting is held either in Shippens- 
burg or Newville, Pa., as there are members 
residing in both of these towns. At all of 

our meetings the American's Creed is recited, 
historical papers are read, and this year the 
Chapter will study the Constitution and 
Americanization. Our Chapter was awake and 
busy during the World War ; the assessment 
to the $100,000 Liberty bond and for Tilloloy 
were fully met and every member of the Chap- 
ter was actively engaged in Red Cross work. 
We have contributed to the Immigrant's Man- 
ual fund, to the International College at Spring- 
field, Mass, to the Pilgrim Memorial at Ply- 
mouth and to the French Memorial painting 
as well as having given regularly to the Hind- 
man and Pine Mountain schools in Kentucky. 
The Chapter has sent ten valuable books to 
the Library at Memorial Continental Hall. 

The graves of one hundred Revolutionary 
soldiers have been located, some have been 
marked and it is hoped, all may be marked. 
The Daughters of the American Revolu- 
tion Magazine is much appreciated for its 
valuable information and is read by all mem- 
bers of the Chapter. 

A very delightful meeting was held in June, 
1920 when we were honored by the presence 
of Mrs. Anthony Wayne Cook, then our State 
Regent and now Vice President General, and 
four Regents from neighboring societies. 

Our hope is to cherish and foster a patriotic 
spirit to uphold our flag, increase love of coun- 
try as well as to assist in all the work of the 
Daughters of the American Revolution. 

Mrs. George H. Stewart, 


Robert Gray Chapter (Hoquiam, Wash.) 
opened the year's work with a luncheon held 
in honor of our National Vice President Gen- 
eral, Mrs. Henry McCleary, who is an Honor- 
ary Member of the Chapter, and Mrs. William 
S. Walker of Seattle, our State Regent. About 
thirty members and guests being present. After 
the luncheon, the dignified chapter ritual was 
given and then Mrs. McCleary gave an inspir- 
ing talk upon the National Society and its 
scope. Following this, Mrs. Walker told of the 
duties of the Chapters to the State work and 
outlined, tentatively, some of the proposed 
measures that her administration wishes to 
carry through. 

The Chapter Regent, Mrs. H. W. Patton, 
who is also 1st State Vice Regent, presided 
and welcomed the two distinguished guests. 
Among the guests of the Chapter were Mrs.. 
Jackson, a daughter of U. S. Congressman 
Fordnay, and Mrs. Bruen of Rainier Chap- 
ter, Seattle. 

Robert Gray Chapter feels that this meet- 
ing with National and State officers will be an 
inspiration and help throughout the year. 
(Mrs. A. H.) Ida Soule Kuhn, 
Corresponding Secretary. 




In this Honor Roll the list of membership in each State is shown in the 
outer rim, and the list of subscribers according to States is in the inner circle 


The Magazine also has subscribers in 


Pennsylvania at this date of publication 
leads all States with 1275 subscribers 

Special Meeting, November 18, 1921 

SPECIAL meeting of the National 
Board of Management for the ad- 
mission of members and authoriza- 
tion and confirmation of chapters was 
called to order by the President Gen- 
eral, Mrs. George Maynard Minor, 
in the Board Room of Memorial 
Continental Hall, Friday, November 18, 1921, 
at 10.05 a.m. 

The meeting was opened with the Lord's 
Prayer by the members of the Board. 

In the absence of Mrs. Yawger, the Corres- 
ponding Secretary General was requested to act 
as Secretary pro tern. 

The following members responded to the roll 
call: National Officers: Mrs. Minor, Miss Ser- 
pell, Mrs. Morris, Mrs. Hodgkins, Mrs. Elliott, 
Mrs. Hanger, Miss Strider, Mrs. Hunter, Mrs. 
Ellison, Mrs. White; State Regents, Mrs. St. 
Clair, Mrs. Young, Miss Temple. 

Mrs. Hunter moved that " Under Five Flags " 
Chapter, of Mobile, Alabama, which u'as auto- 
matically disbanded April 2.3, 1921, be reinstated 
as of that date. This was seconded by Miss 
Strider and Mrs. Hanger and carried. 
Miss Strider read her report as follows : 

Report of Registrar General 

Madam President General and Members of the 
National Board of Management: 
I have the honor to report 750 applications 
for membership. 

Respectfully submitted, 

Emma T. Strider, 
Registrar General. 

Miss Strider moved that the Secretary cast 
the ballot for the admission of 750 applicants. 
Seconded by Mrs. Hunter and carried. The 
Secretary pro tern announced the casting of the 
ballot, and the President General declared these 
750 applicants elected as members of the Na- 
tional Society. 

Mrs. Hanger then read her report. 

Report of Organizing Secretary General 

Madam President General and Members of the 
National Board of Management: 
I have the honor to report as follows : 
Through their respective State Regents the 

following members at large are presented for 
confirmation as Organizing Regents : 

Mrs. Lucie Irby Chambers, Uniontown, Ala. ; 
Mrs. Addie Kent Morton Johnson, Gray, Ga. ; 
Mrs. Mary Jarrett White, Toccoa, Ga. ; Mrs. 
Eva M. Hill, McPherson, Kan. ; Miss Claribel 
Elizabeth Orton, Marietta, Minn. ; Miss Fara 
Gladyce Maurer, Sleepy Eye, Minn. ; Mrs. Ab- 
bie Edna Roach Dawson, Grant City, Mo.; 
Mrs. Isabel Vernon Chase, Mountville, S. C. ; 
Mrs. Aileen Hankinson Newsom, Williston, S. 
C. : Mrs. Emma L. Chenowith, Yorktown, Va. ; 
Mrs. Elizabeth Banks Fredeking, Hinton, W. 
Va. ; Mrs. Eunice Proctor Perkins, Ravens- 
wood, W. Va. ; Mrs. Alcinda B. Jackson, Wes- 
ton, W. Va. 

The State Regent of Virginia requests a 
chapter be authorized at Norton, Virginia. 

The State Regent of West Virginia requests 
that the Alexander Scott Withers Chapter of 
Weston be officially disbanded. (This request 
to disband came from the Chapter to the State 
Regent who has acceeded to their request.) 

The following Chapters have reported 
organization since the last Board meeting : 

" Gov. Jonathan Trumbull " of Lebanon, 

" Bainbridge " of Bainbridge, Ga. 
Respectfully submitted, 
(Mrs. G. Wallace W.) Lucy Galt Hanger, 
Organizing Secretary General. 

There being no objection, the report was 
approved as read. 

The Treasurer General reported the loss to 
the National Society through death of 195 
members. The Board stood in silent memory 
of these departed members. Mrs. Hunter re- 
ported also 51 resignations, and the request for 
reinstatement of 84 former members, and 
moved that the Secretary be instructed to cast 
the ballot for the reinstatement of 8J f members. 
The Secretary announced the casting of the 
ballot and the President General declared these 
former members reinstated. 

After the reading of the minutes, on mo- 
tion, the meeting adjourned at 10.45 a.m. 

L. Tyson Elliott, 
Secretary, pro tern. 





President General 

Mrs. George Maynard Minor, 

Memorial Continental Hall, Washington, D. C. 

Vice Presidents General 
(Term of office expires 1922) 
Mrs. William H. Wait, Mrs. William D. Sherrerd, 

1706 Cambridge Road, Ann Arbor, Mich. Highland Ave., Haddonfield, N. J. 

Mrs. Isaac Lee Patterson, Mrs. James Lowry Smith, 

Eola Road, Salem, Ore. Amarillo, Tex. 

Miss Alethea Serpell, Mrs. Frank W. Bahnsen, 

902 Westover Ave, Norfolk, Va. 1720 22d St., Rock Island, 111. 

Miss Louise H. Coburn, Skowhegan, Me. • 

(Term of office expires 1923) 
Mrs. Cassi-us C. Cottle, AIrs. Charles S. Whitman, 

2272 Harvard Boulevard, Los Angeles, Calif. 54 East 83d St., New York, N. Y. 

Mrs. Edward Lansing Harris, Mrs. Henry McCleary, 

6719 Euclid Ave., Cleveland, Ohio. McCleary, Wash. 

Mrs. James T. Morris, Mrs. Anthony Wayne Cook, 

2101 Blaisdell Ave., Minneapolis, Minn. Cooksburg, Pa. 

Mrs. Edward P. Schoentgen, 407 Glenn Ave., Council Bluffs, la. 

(Term of office expires 1924) 
Mrs. John Trigg Moss, Mrs. C. D. Chenault, 

6017 Enright Ave., St. Louis, Mo. Lexington, Ky. 

Mrs. Benjamin D. Heath, Miss Catherine Campbell, 

Heathcote, Charlotte, N. C. 316 Willow St., Ottawa, Kan. 

Mrs. Lyman E. Holden, Mrs. Albert L. Calder, 2nd, 

8 Park Place, Brattleboro, Vt. 226 Blackstone Boulevard, Providence, R. I. 

Mrs. Howard L. Hodgkins, 1830 T St., Washington, D. C. 

Chaplain General 

Mrs. Selden P. Spencer, 

2123 California St., N. W., Washington, D. C. 

Recording Secretary General Corresponding Secretary General 

Mrs. John Francis Yawger, Mrs. A. Marshall Elliott, 

Memorial Continental Hall. Memorial Continental Hall. 

Organizing Secretary General Registrar General 

Mrs. G. Wallace W. Hanger, Miss Emma T. Strider, 

Memorial Continental Hall. Memorial Continental Hall. 

Treasurer General Historian General 

Mrs. Livingston L. Hunter, Miss Jenn Winslow Coltrane, 

Memorial Continental Hall. Memorial Continental Hall. 

Reporter General to Smithsonian Institution 

Miss Lillian M. Wilson,- 
Memorial Continental Hall. 
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Memorial Continental Hall. Memorial Continental Hall. 







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Honorary Presidents General 


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i MRS. J. MORGAN SMITH. 1911. 






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VOL. LVI, No. 2 


WHOLE No. 354 


The Medal of Honor of the Revolution 

By John C. Fitzpatrick, A.M. 
Assistant Chief, Manuscript Division, Library of Congress 

HE Purple Heart Badge of 
Military Merit was established 
by General George Washington 
in a General Order of August 
7, 1782, which reads: 

The General ever desirous to cherish a 
virtuous ambition in his soldiers, as well as to 
foster and encourage every species of Military 
merit, directs that whenever any singularly 
meritorous action is performed, the author of 
it shall be permitted to wear on his facings over 
the left breast, the figure of a heart in purple 
cloth or silk, edged with narrow lace or binding. 
Not only instances of unusual gallantry, but 
also of extraordinary fidelity and essential 
Service in any way shall meet with a due 
reward. Before this favor can be conferred 
on any man, the particular fact, or facts, on 
which it is to be grounded must be set forth 
to the Commander-in-chief accompanied with 
certificates from the Commanding officers of 
the regiment and brigade to which the Candi- 
date for reward belonged, or other incontest- 
able proofs, and upon granting it, the name and 
regiment of the person with the action so 
certified are to be enrolled in the book of merit 
which will be kept at the orderly office. Men 
who have merited this last distinction to be 
suffered to pass all guards and sentinels which 
officers are permitted to do. 

The road to glory in a patriot army and a 
free country is thus open to all — this order is 

also to have retrospect to the earliest stages 
of the war, and to be considered as a 
permanent one. 

This was the first time in the history 
of the United States Army that an honor 
badge was provided for the enlisted man 
in the ranks and the non-commissioned 
officer and, though a badge of cloth 
and sewn on the uniform coat, in- 
stead of fastened as a pendant medal, 
it was, in effect, the medal of honor of 
the Revolution. 

So far as the known surviving records 
show, this honor badge was granted to 
only three men, all of them non-commis- 
sioned officers : Sergeant Daniel Bissel, 
of the 2d Connecticut Regiment of the 
Continental Line, Sergeant Daniel 
Brown, of the 5th Connecticut Regiment 
of the Continental Line, and Sergeant 
Elijah Churchill, of the 2d Continental 
Dragoons, which was also a Connecticut 
regiment. Connecticut certainly had 
reason to be proud of her soldiers. 

The stories of how the Purple Heart 
was won by each of these three men can 




nowhere be found in detail. They can 
be pieced out from cold official records 
and by inference, but even in this bare 
form they should be preserved as a 
cherished part of the proud record of the 
old Continental Army. 

The first, in point of time, is that of 
Sergeant Elijah Churchill's, of the 2d 
Continental Dragoons. It is in two parts, 
for it is the story of two raids within 
the British lines, the first in November, 
1780, and the second a year later, 
in October, 1781. Major Benjamin 
Tallmadge, of the 2d Continental 
Dragoons, was in charge of the Head- 
quarters secret service, which he managed 
from the year 1778 to the end of the 
war, and on November 7, 1780, he 
received word from his most trustworthy 
spy that the British had stored several 
hundred tons of hay, for winter forage, 
at Coram, Long Island, which is on the 
north shore, about nine miles southeast 
from Setauket, or Brookhaven. This 
forage magazine was protected by a 
nearby stockade fort, which consisted 
of three strong block houses, connected 
by a stockade of heavy stakes, twelve 
feet long and sharpened at the end. 
There was also a deep ditch, a high wall 
and a strong abatis. The work was to 
mount six cannon, but only two of them 
were in place when the spy sent in his 
report. The fortification was called Fort 
St. George. The spy's report gave a good 
description of the work and urged an 
attempt upon it. Tallmadge, in for- 
warding the report to Headquarters, 
volunteered to make the attempt and 
Washington, whose prescience in such 
matters was remarkable, at once gave his 
permission and left the management of 
the entire matter to the major. Tallmadge 
decided to stake everything on a surprise 
and formed a party of about 50 of his 
dismounted dragoons. To take but 50 

men across twenty miles of salt water, 
land them within the enemy's lines, 
march them at least several miles therein 
and attempt such a strong fortification 
as Fort St. George, might seem to us, at 
this distance, a reckless and foolhardy 
thing; but Benjamin Tallmadge, as chief 
intelligence officer, knew his ground and 
more important than all, knew his 
troopers. Sergeant Elijah Churchill was 
one of the men Tallmadge selected. The 
small detachment marched to Fairfield, 
Connecticut, nearly opposite to Setauket, 
Long Island ; but there they were delayed 
eight days by a violent November gale 
upon the Sound. In the afternoon of 
November 21st the wind died down. At 
4 p.m. the expedition embarked in the 
whale boats provided by Lieutenant Caleb 
Brewster, of Tallmadge's regiment, who 
had charge of the Continental armed 
boats on Long Island Sound and who 
was the conveyor of secret intelligence 
from the New York and Long Island 
spies. The cold blackness of a November 
night had already settled down when the 
boats put out from the land, but with 
wind and oars they crossed in four hours 
and landed on a deserted stretch of the 
Long Island shore. They found they 
had drifted farther from their objective 
than they expected and a longer march to 
reach the British fort was now necessary. 
A large force of British regulars were in 
winter quarters on Long Island and there 
were, in addition, several thousand loyal- 
ist troops, distributed at various points, 
making it an hazardous venture to march 
a body of troops for any considerable dis- 
tance without grave risk of being cut off 
from their boats. Capture was inevitable 
if they could not get away from the 
Island, and the gale that had delayed them 
on the main land again swept down upon 
the Sound. Tallmadge could not risk 
discovery if his boats could not leave the 

t,4~pCA4&S- $Z£f*.A ^-/Um/ti/S* ^ 

- 4 


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Photo by Handy, Washington 




shore, so he concealed his men in a wood 
and made the boats as inconspicuous as 
possible. All day long the men shivered 
under the forest cover but, when dark- 
ness came again, the wind died down 
and the cold and stiffened troopers started 
upon a rapid march down the deserted 
wintry road. At 3 a.m., November 23rd, 
they were within two miles of Fort St. 
George and halted to receive orders for 
the attack. Tallmadge divided his men 
into three groups, each of which was to 
give its entire attention to a specified block 
house. Sixteen men, in charge of Ser- 
geant Churchill, were to attack the main 
and largest of the fort buildings. At 
4 a.m. the three bodies separated to move 
against the works from as many different 
directions. They moved like shadows 
and with the swiftness of Indians ; 
Churchill and his men were within fifty 
feet of the fort before the sentinel chal- 
lenged and fired. Instantly the black 
winter morning became alive with flame 
and uproar. Led by the intrepid ser- 
geant, the little party of sixteen plunged 
through the ditch, swarmed the stockade, 
and crashed into the fort building before 
the defenders could settle into organized 
resistance. The other two attacking 
parties cleared the defenses almost at the 
same time and the entire detachment met 
in the centre of the enclosed stockade. 
But the other parties had expended their 
energies in getting inside the defenses, 
and two block houses still remained to be 
taken. A brisk fire was beginning to pour 
upon the Americans from these two 
houses, but battering parties beat in the 
doors and inside of ten more minutes 
Tallmadge's men had possession of the 
entire works. The growing light now 
showed a British supply schooner at 
anchor close to the shore, near the fort. 
A detachment captured her with ridicu- 
lous ease. The rapidity of the attack 

had protected the attackers and they had 
not lost a man, and only one of them was 
wounded. The British loss was seven 
killed and wounded and most of the latter 
were mortally hurt. The fort and the 
schooner were set on fire and the pris- 
oners, over fifty in number, were started 
back toward the boats under a guard. 
Leaving a small force to see to it that the 
fort was completely destroyed, Tallmadge 
marched with the rest to Coram. The 
few sentries found there fled, and the 
hay was pulled loose and set on fire. Over 
three hundred tons went up in rolling 
clouds of smoke and as soon as the fire 
was going beyond all hope of extinguish- 
ment, Tallmadge and his hay burners 
started back for the boats. By taking 
a different road and by rapid marching, 
they joined the men they had left at Fort 
St. George, and overtook the prisoners 
and their guard inside of two hours. It 
was now broad daylight and the loyalist 
militia were beginning to swarm in their 
rear. But the two huge columns of 
smoke, one at Fort St. George and one at 
Coram, several miles apart, as well as 
the unbelievable audacity of a body of 
rebel troops daring to land on Long 
Island, kept the loyalist militia from 
approaching too near. They could not 
believe that only a small party would dare 
such a thing and they preferred to wait 
until their own numbers were sufficient to 
insure success against the supposedly 
large force. By 4 o'clock in the evening 
the American party reached the boats, 
and by this time the British were firing 
long-range shots at the little column ; a 
small counter-demonstration held the 
enemy back and the entire force embarked 
and got away from land without casual- 
ties. At 11 p.m., November 23rd, they 
reached Fairfield, having twice crossed 
Long Island Sound, a total distance of 
40 miles, marched an equal distance, 



stormed and taken a fort, destroyed a 
vessel, the fort and over 300 tons of hay, 
all in less than 24 hours. 

This was the first exploit in the story 
of the Purple Heart. The second was 
Sergeant Churchill's second raid on Long 
Island, this time against Fort Slongo, 
which was about 48 miles northeast of 
Brooklyn, on the North Shore. Here 
the British had built a fort that was a 
nuisance and Washington directed Major 
Tallmadge to look over the ground and 
report on the advisability of attempting 
the destruction of the work. The major 
immediately slipped over to Long Island 
to investigate. The risks taken by this 
brave dragoon officer in establishing and 
keeping open his channels of spy intelli- 
gence to Headquarters were tremendous. 
The Commander-in-chief frequently cau- 
tioned him and, at times, actually forbade 
some of his excursions within the British 
lines. This time Tallmadge returned with 
drawings of Fort Slongo, exact reports of 
the British vessels there, their size and 
strength and the number of troops in the 
fort and at Lloyd's Neck nearby. With 
this information he set out for Rhode 
Island, where the French troops lay, to 
obtain a naval cooperation from the 
French fleet. He met and talked with 
the Comte de Rochambeau and the 
Chevalier Destouches, but, unfortunately, 
when he reached Newport, the frigates 
were out on a cruise and the smaller ves- 
sels were scattered. Speed was essential 
for the success of the plan, so the matter 
was laid aside. Five months later, when 
Washington and the main army were in 
the trenches before Yorktown, Tallmadge 
made the attempt. This time he formed 
a force of about 100 men from the 5th 
Connecticut regiment and the 2d Conti- 
nental Dragoons and sent them over from 
Compo Point under the command of 
Major Lemuel Trescott, of the 9th 

Massachusetts, who volunteered to 
manage the raid. Through his spies 
Tallmadge had such complete informa- 
tion that he knew even the exact spots 
where the British sentries stood. 

The expedition started across the 
Sound at 8 o'clock in the evening of 
October 2, 1781, and at 3 a.m. of October 
3rd, the fort was in its hands. Again 
Sergeant Churchill was in the van of the 
first attacking party and again he 
acquitted himself with the utmost gallan- 
try. The fort was so strong that 
Tallmadge had advised Trescott not to 
make a direct attack, but to try to draw 
off the defenders by a feint. This idea 
was not followed. The attacking force 
went at their job with such vigor that the 
fort was taken without the loss of a 
single man and only four of the British 
were killed before the works surrendered. 
The report of the affair shows 21 
prisoners taken, the destruction of a 
goodly quantity of artillery and stores of 
small arms, ammunition and clothing. It 
was these two completely successful raids 
upon fortified works within the enemy's 
lines on Long Island that gained the 
Purple Heart for Sergeant Churchill, the 
award of which was couched in these 
words : " Sergeant Churchill, of the 2d 
Regiment of Light Dragoons, in the 
several enterprises against Fort St. 
George and Fort SlongO' on Long Island, 
in their [the board of award's] opinion 
acted a very conspicuous and singularly 
meritorious part ; that at the head of each 
body of attack he not only acquitted 
himself with great gallantry, firm- 
ness and address, but that the surprise 
in one instance and the success of 
the attack in the other, proceeded 
in a considerable degree from his 
conduct and management." 

The second Heart, awarded to Sergeant 
Brown, was gained on the historic field 



of Yorktown. On the evening of 
October 14, 1781, the two British redoubts 
that checked the progress of the siege 
were stormed and taken by the Allied 
troops. The French took the inner, the 
Americans the outer redoubt, or the one 
nearest the river. Sergeant Brown led a 
" forlorn hope," as it is called, because, 
being the advance party and the first to 
attack the hazard is so great that the 
attackers can have but a forlorn hope of 
coming through alive. The assault on 
this British redoubt was under the direc- 
tion of Lieutenant Colonel Alexander 
Hamilton, then serving as a volunteer. 
Sergeant Brown's party was the first to 
dash forward and the brave sergeant did 
not wait upon the sappers to cut away 
the abatis and breach the obstacles, but 
carried his men over all the obstructions 
and into the redoubt in the face of 
a murderous fire. The British seem to 
have been confused by this unethical 
performance and the redoubt was cap- 
tured in less than a quarter of an hour, 
with small loss to the stormers. 

The third Purple Heart, which went to 
Sergeant Bissel, was awarded for an 
exploit that began in August, 1781, and 
did not end until September, 1782. In 
August, 1781, Washington had need of 
exact and detailed information respecting 
the British army in New York City that 
he was unable to get from his spies and 
Sergeant Bissel was sent into the city 
by Lieutenant Colonel Robert Hanson 
Harrison, one of Washington's aides, to 
obtain it. Though there is no positive 
evidence of it, it is extremely likely that 
the plucky sergeant saw and talked with 
the Commander-in-chief himself, before 
he set out upon his hazardous enterprise. 
He got into the British lines at once, but 
failed in the main purpose, through no 
fault of his own, because he could not get 
out again. For one long year he acted 

the part of a British soldier, in New York 
City and on Long and Staten Islands, 
before he found means to escape from the 
latter place. His life hung by a thread 
every moment of this time. When he first 
entered New York there was a hot naval 
press going on and to escape being forced 
into the British fleet, Bissel enlisted in 
Benedict Arnold's corps. He made notes 
and kept memoranda of troop strengths 
and locations and checked his informa- 
tion, one item against another, until he 
knew, practically, the exact situation of 
the British forces and their condition. 
Then the enemy became suspicious of 
something and an order was issued that 
any soldier found with written informa- 
tion on him would be treated as a spy. To 
save his life, Bissel was forced to destroy 
his precious memoranda, but he had a 
good brain and used it to advantage. 
When he escaped, in 1782, he went at once 
to Headquarters, where he reported to 
Washington, and his account was written 
down by Lieutenant Colonel David 
Humphreys. The first four pages of this 
report are in Humphreys' handwriting 
and Bissel, himself, wrote the last three. 
It is a remarkably clear statement of 
facts ; what the sergeant knew from 
personal observation being distinguished 
carefully from what was reported by 
others and what was mere hearsay. He 
described the Staten Island forts and gave 
minute descriptions, with sketches, of the 
forts on New York and Long Island. 
The report is endorsed by Washington 
himself : " Sergeant Bissel's acct. of the 
Enemys force and Works at New Yk &c." 
These are the exploits of high bravery 
that gained for three Continental soldiers 
the Revolutionary medal of honor. 
Lieutenant Colonel Jonathan Trumbull, 
Junior's first draft of the form of the 
certificate conferring the Purple Heart 
upon Sergeant Churchill, is shown in the 



accompanying illustration. It is endorsed : 
" Certif for The Badge of Military Merit 
granted to Sergeant Churchill, 2d Light 
Dragoons to Serjt. Brown 5th Connct to 
Serjeant Bissel 2d Con R." It recites 
that " it hath ever been an established 
maxim in the American Service that the 
Road to Glory was open to All, that 
Honorary Rewards and Distinctions were 
the greatest Stimuli to virtuous actions, 
and that distinguished Merit should not 
pass unnoticed or unrewarded ; and, 
Whereas, a Board of Officers have 
reported . . . Now, therefore, Know ye 
That the aforesaid Sergeant Elijah 
Churchill, hath fully and truly deserved, 
and hath been properly invested with the 
Honorary Badge of Military Merit, and 
is hereby authorized & intitled to pass and 
repass all Guards & Military Posts as 
fully and amply as any Commissioned 
officer whatsoever; and is hereby further 
Recommended to that favorable Notice 
that a Brave and Faithfull Soldier 
deserves from his Countrymen." 

One month after the Purple Heart 
Badge of Military Merit was established 
by General Orders, on September 9, 1782, 
another General Order directed that: 
"The Inspector General (or in his absence 
the inspector of the Northern Army), the 
Adjutant General, Brigadier General 
Huntington, Colonel Greaton and Lieu- 
tenant Colonel Barber or any three of 
them are appointed a Board to examine 
the pretentions of the non-commissioned 
officers and soldiers who are candidates 
for the Badge of Merit — The Board will 
report their opinion to the Commander- 
in-Chief. All certificates and recommen- 
dations will be lodged with the Adjutant 
General, who will occasionally summon 
the Board to assemble." 

The only surviving record in the 
Washington Papers, in the Library of 
Congress, of the proceedings of such a 

board, is dated April 24, 1783. This board 
was composed of Brigadier General 
John Greaton, Colonel Walter Stewart, 
Lieutenant Colonel Ebenezer Sprout and 
Majors Nicholas Fish and Lemuel 
Trescott. This board recommended the 
award of the Purple Heart to Sergeants 
Churchill and Brown. To Churchill, in the 
words quoted previously, and to Brown 
because " in the assault of the enemy's 
left redoubt at Yorktown, in Virginia, on 
the evening of October 14, 1781 [he] 
conducted a forlorn hope with great 
bravery, propriety and deliberate firmness 
and that his general character appears 
unexceptionable." This choice of staid 
words on the part of the board holds 
some unconscious and unintentional 
humor. It would be interesting to know 
if the British soldiers defending the 
redoubt would have thus described the 
Connecticut sergeant as he came raging 
over their breastworks at the head of his 
glittering bayonets. 

April 27, 1783, Washington's General 
Orders recited that : " The Board 
appointed to take into consideration the 
claims of the Candidates for the Badge 
of Merit Report: That Serjeant Churchill 
of the 2d Regiment of Light Dragoons 
and Serjeant Brown of the late 5th Con- 
necticut Regiment are in their opinion 
severally entitled to the badge of military 
merit and do therefore recommend them 
to His Excellency the Commander-in- 
Chief, as suitable characters for that 
honorary distinction. The Commander- 
in-chief is pleased to order the before 
named Serjeant Elijah Churchill of the 
2d Light Dragoons and Serjeant Brown 
of the late 5th Connecticut regiment to be 
each of them invested with the badge of 
merit. They will call at Head Quarters 
on the third of May, when the necessary 
Certificate & Badges will be ready for 
them." It is greatlv to be regretted that 



no description of this presentation 
ceremony has come to light. 

The last entry, so far known, regard- 
ing the Purple Heart, is found in Wash- 
ington's General Orders of June 8, 1783, 
at Newburgh, when Sergeant Bissel was 
cited for the decoration. It states that: 
" Serjeant Bissel of the 2d Connecticut 
regiment having performed some import- 
ant Services within the immediate 
knowledge of the Commander-in-chief, in 
which the fidelity, perseverance and good 
Sense of the said Serjeant Bissel were 
conspicuously manifested; it is therefore 
ordered that he be honored with the badge 
of merit; he will call at Head Quarters 

on tuesday next for the insignia and 
certificate to which he is hereby entitled." 
There were few greater honors possible 
in the Continental Army than to have 
General George Washington publicly 
praise a man for his " fidelity, persever- 
ance and good Sense." 

The General Orders of this same June 
8th also directed that " A Board of 
officers will assemble at the public Build- 
ings on tuesday at 10 o'clock a.m. to 
decide upon such pretentions for the 
badge of merit, as shall be exhibited to 
them," but no further record has come to 
light of any awards, other than those to 
the above three men, of this highest of 
honors obtained bv Continental soldiers. 


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Eva V. M. Bissell, 
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^ S£2I^^W r ip^'1^^^^ s 


Y the time this reaches our readers it 
is probable that the Conference on the 
Limitation of Armament will have 
passed into history. We should all 
feel deeply thankful that as a 
Society we have been privileged to 
be so intimately connected with 
this great event. 

In this message I want especially to call our 
national work to your attention. The fund for 
our three national objects, the Pilgrim Memorial 
Fountain at Plymouth, the Painting of a 
Convoy of Troopships bound for France, 
and the Manual for Immigrants is still 
incomplete. A total of $42,406.96 has been 
received. Sixty thousand dollars was asked 
for; surely the states and chapters which have 
not yet paid their share will take enough pride 
in our Society's national undertakings to wish 
to be counted among those who did their part. 
The Manual especially must be kept going. 
Its share of this fund is being rapidly consumed. 
We have not yet received the full $25,000 
assigned to it, and there is barely enough left 
to pay for two more language editions. We 
have already issued and paid for editions of 
50,000 each in English and Spanish, and 75,000 
in Italian. If this splendid work is to go on 
our states and chapters must pay their share 
at once. 

At our next Congress we must devise some 
method of financing future editions, for the 
Manual has proved itself an unqualified success. 
It is receiving high praise from educators in 
many portions of the country. One State 
Director of Americanization in a state that is 
two-thirds foreign in population, writes, " This 
is a great and good work and it is like bread in 
the wilderness for those who receive the 
Manual." We are now giving it gratuitously 
to chapters that desire it for free distribution 
•direct to immigrants in their own localities ; for 
in this way the spirit of our work will be 
carried out as well, if not better, than at the 
ports of entry. Chapters should send orders 

for the Manual to their State Regents, stating 
that they wish them for this purpose. 

It is needless to remind you that in our 
country there are those from many nations in 
whom we must foster the same spirit of mutual 
good-will which animates the Conference, and 
who especially must be led into a thorough 
understanding of America, her laws, her insti- 
tutions and the blessings of liberty she bestows 
upon all. For this purpose our Manual has 
been written. It carries the message of friend- 
ship to all within our borders who sincerely 
desire to become worthy of American 
citizenship. It also contains much that might 
be of benefit to native Americans. I therefore 
urge upon our chapters its widest possible 
distribution. To spread American influence is 
the supreme need of the hour. Our Society is 
a great power to this end if its full power is 
used as it should be. 

We are increasing by the hundreds and 
thousands each month, in spite of the advance 
of our initiation fee from $1.00 to $5.00. We 
admitted 3047 members at the October Board 
meeting, 750 in November, and 1325 in Decem- 
ber. This means power, a more wide-spread 
influence, an enormously increased opportunity 
for service to a country threatened by so many 
insidious enemies from within, for those who 
are joining are necessarily those who are loyal 
to American ideals, else they would not join. 
The National Society, Daughters of the 
American Revolution stands for America. 
Without fear let us go forward against the 
hosts of sedition and disloyalty, wherever 
found, unmasking their batteries, silencing 
their guns. 

It is for each Daughter, personally, to help 
speed the fulfillment of this patriotic prayer : 

America ! America ! God mend thine 
every flaw. 

Confirm thy soul in self-control, 

Thy liberty in law. 

Anne Rogers Minor, 
President General. 


By Mrs. James T. Morris 
Chairman Historic Spots Committee, N. S. D. A. R. 

O you know that there is only 
one-third of an acre of Revolu- 
tionary National Military Parks 
in the United States, that of 
Guilford Court House in North 
Carolina, and nearly fourteen 
thousand acres of Civil War National 
Military Parks? 

We rejoice that the Civil War has been 
so commemorated, but why not also pre- 
serve historic Yorktown, Virginia, as a 
national shrine in honor of our Revolu- 
tionary heroes ? 

Yorktown at the present day is a town 
of one hundred and fifty-five people, one- 
third of them colored. Immediately 
surrounding it on three sides are 
wonderful earthworks overgrown with 
cedar, cherry, and the yellow broom of 
England (the Planta Ganista of France), 
the seeds of which are supposed to have 
been brought in the oats for Cornwallis' 
horses. The broom grows wild in 
Yorktown and nowhere else in our 
country. As it lifts its large yellow 
blossoms to the sun it seems to say : 
" I'm on the job immortalizing this place. 
Are you?" 

The earthworks were thrown up by 
Cornwallis' soldiers and by slaves most 
leisurely during August and September, 
1781. The general was an expert engi- 
neer, so they were perfectly done. They 
consisted of four forts, one now forty 
feet high, called " Star Fort," from its 
shape and " Fusileers Redoubt " from its 
use. These forts were connected by 
parallels of earth and trenches which 
extended a mile. In the Civil War they 
were used by the Confederates. An old 
Confederate soldier said that the entrench- 

ments now were much the same as they 
were when he played on them as a boy. 

There was a second rectangular earthen 
entrenchment about a quarter of a mile 
southeast of Yorktown, but little of this 
is left. In places it may be plainly seen 
as a low ridge of earth. The sites where 
Washington, Rochambeau, Steuben, and 
Knox had their headquarters are nearly 
two miles to the south ; those of Lafayette 
and Nelson about a mile to the southeast ; 
the French troops were half a mile west. 
Moore's house, on the historic Temple 
farm where the articles of surrender 
were drawn, to be later signed in the 
trenches, still stands in a perfect state 
of preservation seven-eighths of a mile 
from Yorktown. 

These sites preserved themselves for 
over a century. Only the worst roads 
led to them. Now all is changed. Dur- 
ing the World War an oil station was 
established by the Federal Government 
and half of Temple farm sold for it. 
Camp Eustis is about ten miles from there, 
and there is now a mine station one mile 
northwest. The Government built a fine 
concrete road to connect these places with 
Newport News. Sleepy Yorktown then 
became a Mecca for motorists and a 
dumping ground for the picnic debris 
left behind them. 

A land company is now exploiting these 
holy acres as " Bungalow Sites ! " 

May we reiterate : The Revolution 
has only one-third of an acre of its 
battle-grounds preserved as a National 
Military Park. 

It was before Yorktown that Wash- 
ington sent this memorable message to his 
encamped troops: "The present moment 



offers the epoch which will decide Ameri- 
can Independence." 

In 1781 the American forces were 
divided into a northern division under 
Washington and a southern division under 
Nathanael Green. The spirit, or as we 
would say to-day, the pep of the army 
was at the lowest ebb. Even Washington 
could not put heart into his restless, 

• l ^r 


homesick, ragged and hungry army who 
had not had a decisive victory in months. 
There were nearly 4000 French troops 
at Newport with a fleet of twelve ships 
that the British fleet had cooped up there. 
They came to fight and were rest- 
less and unhappy because they could not. 
Washington hoped and prayed for a great 
victory. Clinton and the northern divis- 
ion of the British Army were strongly 
entrenched in New York City, supported 

by their great fleet. They could not be 
engaged without a powerful fleet and 
that was just what Washington did 
not have. In the early summer he called 
Rochambeau, Lincoln and Duportail to a 
war council at Wethersfield, Connecticut. 
They decided to attack New York. De 
Grasse, the noted French admiral, was in 
the West Indies with a great fleet. 
Rochambeau sent a swift 
sailing vessel to him ask- 
ing him to come at once 
to New York to engage 
the British fleet by water 
while our army attacked 
them by land. He was 
asked to bring all the 
extra troops possible. In 
the interval, while the 
reply was awaited, Gen- 
eral Lincoln and the Duke 
of Castullux combined 
forces and attacked the 
other forts at New York, 
only to be defeated. 

What of the Southern 
division at this time ? 
Cornwallis commanded 
the British forces with 
many able officers under 
him, among them the 
raider, Tarleton, and 
that arch traitor, 
Benedict Arnold. 
The Americans had most able officers — 
Nathanael Green, Morgan, Lafayette and 
others, but only a small force. Cornwallis 
had left his headquarters in South 
Carolina expecting his forces to be greatly 
augmented by Royalists from North 
Carolina and Virginia. To his bitter dis- 
appointment they did not materialize. He 
then decided to unite with the forces of 
Phillips and Benedict Arnold in Virginia 
for a campaign against the Chesapeake. 



Clinton expecting Washington to attack 

New York, ordered Cornwallis to send 

him 3000 of his southern troops. This 

the general strenuously objected to, and 

Clinton finally ordered Cornwallis to 

establish headquarters at Old Point 

Comfort. After carefully examining this 

location Cornwallis decided to return and 

fortify Yorktown, considering it a finer 

strategical point. 1 1 

lies on a peninsula 

made by the York and 

James rivers and 

the Chesapeake about 

twenty miles from the 

mouth of the York river, 

where it is very deep and 

about a mile w i d e. 

Early in August the 

earthen entrenchments 

were begun. We have 

already described these 


The headquarters of 
Washington, Rocham- 
beau, Knox and Von 
Steuben were nearly 
two miles south o<f Corn- 
wallis' outer entrench- 
ments. Those of Lin- 
coln, Nelson and La- 
fayette about a mile 
southeast on a line with 
Moore's House. Every 
one of the Colonies had soldiers in this 
engagement. It was the only time 
in the Revolution that both northern 
and southern divisions took part. Our 
allies, the French, also had 7000 men 
with their officers and thirty-two war- 

Americans, who began the construction of 
new redoubts and parallels. Two separate 
redoubts, numbers 9 and 10, in connection 
with the enemy's works were not 
evacuated by them." 

Washington spent much time in the 
saddle reconnoitering. The siege pieces, 
which could not be brought from the 
James River, as the teams had not come, 


were greatly needed. Washington and 
the other officers sent their own baggage 
wagons for them on the 2nd of October. 
Twelve hundred of the infantry engaged 
in cutting the material for staying the new 
ramparts. Chaplain Evans writes : " Our 
ships. Johnston says: " On the morning troops vie with each other in the perform- 
of the 30th it was found that the British ance of duty and the love of danger." 
had abandoned their outer entrenchments. On the 4th the Americans under 
These were immediately occupied by the Alexander Hamilton after severe fighting 



took redoubt 10. Hamilton is reported enemy's left. The distance from our 
as acting with " conspicuous gallantry." parallel to the enemy was 1800 to 2400 
The French took redoubt 9 after a most feet. On the night of the 6th 4000 

_"- j ~_~;-" _""• .~~ V /• -GEir.\Vi»iii»bib»V>Ts^ 
-■ ~„r -^ - r i _ i - ~ ; "- : - - -- - .O.uiRTEiia'^-* - 

references: a. works of cornwallis' outer position, evacuated night of SEprEMBE «/ p 9 J' A H -. B i ; i B ; r F '! ! N s 7 s P a ^^an 


valiant charge under Colonel Deuxponts. 
Washington himself fired the first gun 
when the advance was made from paral- 
lels thrown up by the Americans. The 
first general attack was made against the 

Americans, commanded by General 
Lincoln, dug another parallel so secretly 
that the enemy did not know it until 
morning. About twenty-eight hundred 
troops lying on their arms covered this 



work. Complete success attended this. 

During the seige fifty-two big guns 
were used by the Americans. Lafayette 
wrote a friend : " I could not conceive 
that an army so ragged could face the 
enemy with such courage and shoot 
so straight." 

On the 17th of October, after a severe 
siege, the enemy waved a flag of truce. 
The officer bearing it was blindfolded and 
conducted to Washington. He asked for 
the suspension of hostilities for twenty- 
four hours and that joint commissioners be 
appointed to arrange terms of surrender. 
Washington asked that Cornwallis submit 
his proposals in writing first. These, 
when submitted, were not all com- 
plied with, Washington insisting that the 
terms should be the same as those imposed 
on Lincoln at Charleston in 1780. On the 
18th the Commission met at the Moore 
House and drew up fourteen articles of 
surrender. On the morning of the 
19th they were submitted to Cornwallis. 
Washington suggested to him that they be 
signed at once and that the troops sur- 
render their arms at two o'clock. The 
articles were signed in the trenches and 
the surrender took place to the tune of 
"The World Turned Upside Down." 
Cornwallis was indisposed, so General 
O'Hara offered his sword to Washington. 
Remembering the humiliation of General 
Lincoln at Charleston, Washington 
ordered that it be delivered to Lincoln. 
As soon as he received it he at once 
returned it to General O'Hara. The 
British were allowed a few days' rest 
before being sent to prison camps 
at Winchester, Virginia, and Fred- 
erick, Maryland. 

So ended the last engagement of the 
American Revolution. It was voted by 
Congress that a monument to commemo- 
rate the victory be erected ; this was done 
just one hundred years from that date. 

The following resolution was pre- 
sented and unanimously adopted by the 
Daughters of the American Revolution 
representing 120,000 American women, 
at their thirtieth Continental Congress 
last April : 

" Whereas, The ground on which the Revo- 
lutionary fortifications at Yorktown, Va., stand 
most sacred to every American, having preser- 
ved itself intact for 140 years, is now being 
despoiled through the sale of the property, the 
commercializing of the same, and the razing of 
the old fortifications ; and 

"Whereas, it is in the interest of America 
the study of its history and teaching of future 
generations, that Yorktown and surrounding 
fortifications and other historic places in and 
about there, be preserved ; therefore, be it 

"Resolved, That we, the Daughters of the 
American Revolution, in convention assembled, 
call this to the attention of the President of the 
United States and the Congress, and petition 
them to take immediate steps by the appoint- 
ment of a proper commission for the purpose 
of making the necessary survey looking toward 
the purchase of the land upon which these forti- 
fications and these historic places are located, 
with the object of making the same into a 
national military park and monument. Be 
it further 

"Resolved, That copies of this resolution be 
sent to the President, the Vice President, and 
the Speaker of the House of Representatives.'' 

Honorable Walter H. Newton later 
framed and introduced a bill (No. 6774) 
in the United States House of Represen- 
tatives asking that Yorktown be made a 
national park. This bill was presented 
to the Senate by Honorable Frank 
Kellogg. Every American is asked to 
work for this bill by urging his U. S. 
senator and representative to vote for it. 

UNITED STATES 1800-1815* 

By Theodore T. Belote 
Curator of History, United States National Museum 

Part III 

HE most notable victories of the 
War of 1812-15 were won on 
the sea. The land forces of 
the United States accomplished 
much during this period and 
won many hotly contested bat- 
tles. They did not, however, succeed in 
doing more than was expected of them. 
The infant American navy, on the other 
hand, during the same period, surpassed 
the fondest expectations of its greatest 
admirers, by the number of British ships 
defeated in single combat, and also in the 
case of engagements fought between flo- 
tillas. In view of the fact that one of 
the primary causes of the war was the 
total disregard by Great Britain of Ameri- 
can rights and privileges on the ocean, 
it was particularly gratifying to Ameri- 
cans at home to see British war vessels, 
which had been engaged in attacking our 
commerce and impressing our seamen, 
destroyed or disabled by American naval 
power. And while the army by its vic- 
tories along the Niagara frontier and 

* The illustrations of the medals are from 
photographs taken by L. C. Handy, Washington. 
D. C, of bronze replicas in the U. S. National 
Museum. This medal series commenced in the 
September, 1921, Daughters of the American 
Revolution Magazine. 

those of the Thames, Plattsburg, and 
New Orleans enabled the United States 
to retain and consolidate the territory 
which it had won by the War for Inde- 
pendence, the Navy by its wonderful 
achievements on the sea not only assisted 
in this most desirable result, but also en- 
sured the freedom of the seas to Ameri- 
can commerce at the close of the war, 
although this subject was not specifically 
mentioned in the treaty of Ghent in 1814. 
The medals described in the present 
article relate for the most part to naval 
exploits of the War of 1812-15. 

Prior to the War of 1812, however, 
two medals were awarded by Congress of 
great importance so far as the develop- 
ment of the United States' Navy was 
concerned and marked as well notable 
strides in the expansion of American 
power and prestige. These were the 
medals awarded respectively to Captain 
Thomas Truxtun in 1800 for services 
during the quasi war with France, and to 
Captain Edward Preble, in 1804, for ser- 
vices during the war with Tripoli. 

The trouble with France arose from a 
number of causes, the principal one of 
which was, perhaps, the seizure of Ameri- 
can merchant vessels. Relations between 



the two countries, however, had been 
strained since the outbreak of the French 
Revolution and the change of govern- 
ment which that entailed. The refusal 
of America to join France in the latter's 
war on England was keenly felt by the 
French leaders, and the American treaty 
of 1795 with Great Britain was, with 
some justification, interpreted by the 
French as an infringement of the treaty 
of 1778 with France. The irritation of 
the French government was extreme and 
clearly shown in its attitude towards the 
official representatives of America in 

ment Captain Truxtun was cruising in 
West Indian waters in command of the 
frigate Constellation on February 1, 1800, 
when he encountered the French frigate 
La Vengeance, and immediately gave 
chase. After a pursuit of thirty-six 
hours the ships were within hailing dis- 
tance of each other and the French com- 
mander opened fire without further cere- 
mony. After a sharp action lasting until 
one o'clock in the morning, the fire of the 
La Vengeance was entirely silenced and 
she began to sheer off. Truxtun was now 
certain he would take the French vessel 

FRIGATE La Vengeance, 1800 

Paris. In the spring of 1797 three 
special commissioners were dispatched to 
France to improve the situation by diplo- 
macy if possible. Bills were meanwhile 
passed by Congress providing for the 
completion and equipment of three frig- 
ates, two of which were destined to be- 
come famous in the history of the United 
States Navy, the Constitution and the 
Constellation. In the following year 
the situation became even more threaten- 
ing and Congress, without a declaration 
of war, gave American merchant ships 
the right to defend themselves and em- 
powered ships of the Navy to take French 
vessels which interfered with our com- 
merce. In accordance with this arran^e- 

into port as his prize, but a few minutes 
after the mainmast of the Constellation, 
which had been badly shattered during 
the engagement, went over the side and 
the La Vengeance made good her escape. 
This victory was notable on account of 
the fact that while the La Vengeance 
carried fifty-four guns the Constellation 
carried only thirty-eight. Prior to this 
action Captain Truxtun had proven him- 
self a most energetic and able commander 
and a year previous to his engagement 
with the La Vengeance had captured the 
French frigate L'lnsurgcntc. By Act of 
Congress, approved March 29, 1800, it 
was resolved : 



" That the President of the United States be 
requested to present to Captain Thomas Trux- 
tun a golden medal emblematical of the late ac- 
tion between the United States frigate Con- 
stellation, of thirty-eight guns, and the French 
ship-of-vvar, La Vengeance, of fifty-four guns 
in testimony of the high sense entertained by 
Congress of his gallantry and good conduct in 
the above engagement, wherein an example was 
exhibited by the captain, officers, sailors, and 
marines, honorable to the American name, and 
instructive to its rising navy." 

The medal awarded to Captain Trux- 
tun in accordance with this resolution 
bore upon the obverse the bust of this 
gallant officer to the left in naval uniform 

France were suspended in 1801 by the 
terms of a treaty which provided for the 
return of captured vessels. 

The next work of the infant navy was 
the prosecution of the war between the 
United States and Tripoli, declared by 
the latter power in 1801 as a result of the 
dissatisfaction of that power with the 
treaty which had been concluded in 1796, 
to protect American merchantmen from 
the ravages of the Tripolitan corsairs. In 
this contest the United States accom- 
plished little for two years and a half. 
In 1803, however, Commodore Edward 


with the inscription " Patriae patres filio 
digno " above and " Thomas Truxtun " 
below, or " The fathers of the country to 
their worthy son Thomas Truxtun." The 
reverse bore a view of the close of the 
engagement surrounded by the inscription 
" United States frigate Constellation of 
38 guns pursues, attacks, and vanquishes 
the French ship La Vengeance of 54 
guns 1 February, 1800," and in the ex- 
ergue " By vote of Congress to Thomas 
Truxtun 29 Mar. 1800." This medal is 
of interest as the first of a long series of 
such medals awarded by Congress to 
naval officers in recognition of individual 
victories won by the ships under their 
command. Naval operations against 

Preble took command of the American 
squadron in the Mediterranean, main- 
tained a rigid blockade of the Tripolitan 
coast and bombarded the city a number 
of times. Although Preble was super- 
seded in 1804 by Commodore Barron, 
the conclusion of peace in the following 
year was largely the outcome of the 
energetic action of the former, and his 
services were recognized by Act of 
Congress approved March 3, 1805, 
which resolved : 

" That the thanks of Congress be, and the 
same are hereby, presented to Commodore Ed- 
ward Preble, and through him to the officers, 
seamen, and marines attached to the squadron 
under his command, for their gallantry and 
good conduct displayed in the several attacks 



on the town, batteries, and naval forces of Tri- 
poli, in the year one thousand eight hundred 
and four," and " That the President of the 
United States cause a gold medal to be struck 
emblematical of the attacks on the town, batter- 
ies, and naval force of Tripoli by the squadron 
under Commodore Preble's command and to 
present it to Commodore Preble." 

The medal awarded in accordance with 
this resolution bore upon the obverse the 
bust of Commodore Preble in naval uni- 
form to the left surrounded by the in- 
scription " Edwardo Preble duci strenuo 
comitia americana " or " The American 
Congress to Edward Preble, the valiant 

fall naturally into two classes. The first 
of these includes those medals awarded 
for single ship actions and the second 
those awarded in connection with actions 
between fleets. The first series includes 
eleven medals and the second five. The 
latter have already been described in a 
previous article in this Magazine. 

The first action to be thus commemo- 
rated, in many ways the most famous of 
the kind during the entire war, was the 
engagement between the American frig- 
ate Constitution and the British ship 
Guerriere which occurred on August 19, 



commander." The reverse bore a view of 
the American squadron attacking the port 
of Tripoli with the inscription " Vin- 
dici commercii americani ante Tripoli 
MDCCCIV" or "to the vindicator of 
American commerce before Tripoli, 
1804." The two medals just described 
are of great interest as the first of the 
kind to be awarded by Congress for ser- 
vices rendered after the adoption of the 
Federal constitution in 1789, and they 
form a link between the medals of the 
Revolution and those of the War 
of 1812-15. 

The medals awarded by Congress in 
recognition of special services and 
achievements during the War of 1812-15 

1812. The medal commemorating this 
event was awarded by Act of Congress 
approved January 29, 1813, to Captain 
Isaac Hull, who commanded the Consti- 
tution at the time, and as may be noted 
by its design this medal commemorated 
not only the prow r ess of Captain Hull as 
a fighter, but also his skill as a mariner 
in escaping from a British fleet of five 
vessels by which he was pursued in July 
of the same year. This episode, one of 
the most famous in the history of the 
American navy, has often been made the 
subject of pictorial and written descrip- 
tion. On the afternoon of July 16th, the 
Constitution, while off the coast of New 
Jersey on her way to New York to join 



the squadron to which she had been 
assigned under the command of Commo- 
dore John Rodgers, sighted a British 
squadron under Captain Philip Broke, 
which was at first supposed by the offi- 
cers of the Constitution to be made up 
of American ships. This impression 
was, however, soon corrected, and on the 
following morning the Constitution was 
compelled, by superior numbers, to seek 
safety in flight. The wind was exceed- 
ingly light and every means was resorted 
to on both sides to increase the speed of 
the respective vessels. Both parties de- 

chase, which lasted two days, was over 
and the British vessels left far in the rear. 
The escape of the American frigate on 
this occasion was one of the most remark- 
able naval feats on record and was due to 
almost unparalleled coolness, persever- 
ance, and good seamanship of her offi- 
cers and crew. After thus eluding the 
British fleet the Constitution put into the 
port of Boston, where she remained from 
July 27th to August 2nd. On the latter 
date Captain Hull once more put to sea 
and on August 19th, about 750 miles east 
of Boston, sighted the British ship Guer- 


voted much time and energy to towing 
the ships by means of their small boats, 
and the Constitution was successfully 
warped ahead for a considerable period, 
a device which could be employed on 
account of the comparatively shoal 
water. By these means and a skillful 
manipulation of the sails which were con- 
stantly kept w r et so as to retain as much 
of the light air stirring as was possible, 
the Constitution escaped from her ene- 
mies. This desirable result, however, 
was not attained without strenuous 
efforts on the part of the crew and skill- 
ful management of the ship by her com- 
mander and other officers, none of whom 
could take a moment's repose until the 

Here and immediately closed for the 
action which was to become so noted in 
American naval annals. For about one 
hour the two ships manoeuvred for posi- 
tion and finally engaged at close range, 
side by side. In less than thirty minutes 
the Guerriere was a helpless wreck with- 
out a spar standing. She was in such a 
shattered condition, indeed, that on the 
following day Hull decided it would be 
impossible to get her into port. She was 
accordingly blown up and the comman- 
der of the Constitution proceeded to Bos- 
ton with his prisoners of war. He and 
his fellow-officers and crew were received 
with the greatest enthusiasm and ac- 
claimed heroes by the citizens of a section 



which had consistently opposed the war. 
The capture of the Guerriere was notable 
as the first important naval victory of 
the war; it established the superiority of 
the American navy, ship for ship, over 
the British ; and it came at a time when 
the American public was profoundly de- 
pressed, owing to the surrender of the 
important post of Detroit, an event which 
occurred three days prior to the capture 
of the Guerriere. 

The medal, awarded to Captain Hull in 
recognition of the bravery and skill dis- 
played on the two occasions just de- 

above " Horse momento victoria " or 
" victory in an hour.'' 

Almost two months to a day after the 
engagement between the Constitution and 
the Guerriere occurred the second naval 
engagement of the war in recognition of 
which a medal was awarded. The sloop- 
of-war Wasp, commanded by Captain 
Jacob Jones, sailed from the Delaware 
river, October 13th, to join a squadron 
under the command of Commodore 
Rodgers. On October 18th she fell in 
with the British brig Frolic at the time 
convoying a number of merchantmen to 


scribed, bore upon the obverse the bust 
of this commander in naval uniform to 
the left surrounded by the inscription 
" Isaacus Hull, peritos arte superat Jul, 
MDCCCXII Aug. certamimine fortes" 
or " Isaac Hull conquers in July, 1812, 
the skilled, by strategem; and in August, 
the strong, in battle." The reverse de- 
sign showed the close of the engagement 
between the two ships with the Guer- 
riere a dismantled wreck at the mercy of 
the waves and the Constitution, but 
slightly injured, firing a final broadside. 
Below appears the inscription " Inter 
Const, nav. amer. et Guer. angl." or 
" Between the American ship Constitu- 
tion and the English ship Guerriere," and 

England. The two vessels were very 
evenly matched both in size and arma- 
ment and the engagement between them 
was sharp and bloody. It was fought 
while the sea was running high and the 
consequent unsteadiness of the vessels 
furnished a severe test of the marksman- 
ship of the respective gunners. After an 
interval of about three-quarters of an 
hour the Frolic was taken by boarders 
from the American vessel, the two ships 
having fouled each other a short time be- 
fore. The victory was decisive and too 
much credit could not be given to Captain 
Jones and his crew for the courageous 
manner in which the fight had been con- 
ducted. Unfortunately it was hardly 



over before a British frigate of seventy- 
four guns appeared and as the Wasp had 
suffered too severely in the engagement 
with the Frolic to be able to escape, she 
was captured and taken to Bermuda. 
Congress nevertheless recognized the ser- 
vices of Captain Jones by presenting him 
with a gold medal, the obverse of which 
bore his bust to the right in naval uniform 
surrounded by the inscription " Jacobus 
Jones virtus in ardua tendit " or " Jacob 
Jones, valor seeks difficulties." The re- 
verse design showed the close of the 
engagement with the Americans boarding 

neighborhood of the Canary Islands on 
October 25th. For some time after the 
opening of the engagement the British 
commander Captain John Carden, sup- 
posed that he was in action with the 
American ship Essex which was weak in 
long guns. He accordingly engaged at 
long range, thus giving the gun crew of 
the United States the opportunity to use 
their heavy guns with terrible execution 
on board the British vessel, shattering 
her hull in many places. Perceiving his 
error, Captain Carden bore down to close 
with his adversary, but this manoeuvre 


the Frolic. Below appears the inscription 
" Inter Wasp nav. amer. et Frolic nav. 
ang. die XVIII Oct. MDCCCXII " or 
" Between the American ship Wasp and 
the English ship Frolic, October 18, 
1812," and above " Victoriam hosti 
majori celerrime rapuit " or " He quickly 
snatched victory from a superior enemy." 
The third single ship engagement of the 
war to be thus signalized was that be- 
tween the frigate United States and the 
British ship Macedonian. The United 
States, commanded by Captain Stephen 
Decatur, had left Boston, October 8, 1812, 
in company with a small squadron and, 
after separating from the other ships, 
encountered the British frigate in the 


was executed too late to succeed. The 
Macedonian was captured and navigated 
to the United States, where she was re- 
paired and added to the American navy 
and as such did excellent service. The vic- 
tory over this first-class ship was received 
with the most extravagant rejoicing in the 
United States and with equal regret and 
disappointment in Great Britain. The 
British public were amazed to learn that 
their best men-of-war appeared to be at 
the mercy of their American antagonists. 
The medal awarded to Captain Decatur 
for the capture of the Macedonian bore 
on the obverse the bust of that officer 
in naval uniform to the right, surrounded 
by the inscription " Stephanus Decatur 



navarchus pugnis pluribus victor " or 
" Stephen Decatur, a naval Captain, con- 
queror in many battles." The reverse 
showed the action between the two ships 
with the United States to leeward firing 
a port broadside and the Macedonian 
without her mizzenmast, her fore and 
main topmasts and her mainyard. The 
inscription " Inter sta. uni. nav. ameri. 
et macedo nav. aug. die XXV Octobris 
MDCCCXII " or " Between the American 
ship United States and the English ship 
Macedonia}i, October 25, 1812," appeared 
below, and above " Occidit signum hostile 

killed during the action between the 
United States and the Macedonian. 

The next engagement in recognition of 
which Congress saw fit to award medals 
was one of peculiar interest in that the 
American ship which participated was 
always known as a lucky ship, whereas 
her commander on this occasion had pre- 
viously experienced such a series of mis- 
fortunes as to deprive him of prestige in 
naval circles and to discourage, to a cer- 
tain extent, the men who served under 
his command. Captain William Bain- 
bridge, the recipient of the next medal to 



sidera surgunt " or " The enemy's stand- 
ard falls, the stars arise." 

The Act of Congress granting the 
three gold medals just described was ap- 
proved January 29, 1813. It provided 
also that each commissioned officer of the 
American ships concerned be presented 
with a silver medal of the same respec- 
tive designs as those employed on the gold 
medals awarded to the commanders. 
Silver medals of the same respective 
types were also to be presented to the 
nearest male relative of Lieutenant W. S. 
Bush, of the Marines, who was killed dur- 
ing the action between the Constitution 
and the Guerriere, and to the nearest male 
relative of Lieutenant John M. Funk, 

be described, had been the only American 
naval commander to surrender his ship, 
the Retaliation, to the enemy during the 
war with France. In 1800 when in com- 
mand of the George Washington he car- 
ried the annual tribute paid by the United 
States to the Dey of Algiers and was 
obliged by that Oriental potentate to place 
his ship at the latter's disposal for the 
purpose of making a trip to Constanti- 
nople. During the War with Tripoli his 
ship, the Philadelphia, was lost and he 
himself made prisoner. In all these 
occurrences Bainbridge seems to have 
been largely the victim of ill luck and in 
the contest now to be described regained 
that standing in the naval service which 



he seems to have deserved on account of 
his natural ability and courage. 

In October, 1812, Bainbridge was 
placed in command of the Constitution, 
Captain Hull having at his own request 
received charge of the Charlestown Navy 
Yard and the naval defenses of the city of 
New York. The Constitution sailed from 
Boston on October 25th in company with 
the sloop Hornet, of 18 guns, com- 
manded by James Lawrence, of whom 
more will be said later. On December 
13th they arrived at Bahia and encoun- 
tered a British sloop-of- war which refused 

usually accurate and with corresponding 
deadly results. The Constitution had 
been manoeuvred in such a manner as to 
avoid being raked by her adversary and 
at the same time poured in a number of 
terrific broadsides which found their 
mark. So badly was the Java damaged 
that Bainbridge made no attempt to 
carry her into port but destroyed her on 
the scene of the victory, and after parol- 
ing his prisoners at Bahia returned to 
Boston, and arrived on February 27, 1813. 
By an Act approved March 3, 1813, Con- 
gress resolved : 


an invitation to come out and fight the 
Hornet in single combat on the ground 
that the Constitution would interfere with 
the engagement. Leaving the Hornet 
alone to confront the enemy ship, which 
was about her own size and armament, 
Bainbridge sailed south in the Constitu- 
tion and on the morning of the 29th en- 
countered the British frigate Java. The 
action began about two o'clock in the 
afternoon and when it ended two hours 
later the Java was a complete wreck un- 
able to offer further resistance. Her 
Captain, Lambert, was mortally wounded, 
and forty-eight of her officers and crew 
were dead or dying. The aim of the 
American gunners had been more than 

" That the President of the United States 
be, and he is hereby, requested to present to 
Captain William Bainbridge, of the frigate Con- 
stitution, a gold medal, with suitable emblems 
and devices ; and a silver medal, with suitable 
emblems and devices, to each commissioned 
officer of the said frigate, in testimony of the 
high sense entertained by Congress of the gal- 
lantry, good conduct, and services of Captain 
Bainbridge, his officers and crew, in the cap- 
ture of the British frigate Java after a brave 
and skillful combat." 

The gold medal presented to Captain 
Bainbridge in accordance with this act 
bore on the obverse his bust to the right 
in naval uniform surrounded by the in- 
scription " Gulielmus Bainbridge patria 
victisque laudatus " or " William Bain- 
bridge praised by his country and by the 



vanquished foe." The reverse design 
showed the close of the action between 
the Constitution and the Java, the former 
undamaged and the latter entirely dis- 
mantled. Below appeared the inscription 
" Inter const, nav. ameri. et jav. nav. 
angl. die XXIX decern. MDCCCXII " 
or " Between the American ship Constitu- 
tion and the English ship Java, Decem- 
ber 29, 1812." The silver medals men- 
tioned in the Act of Congress just quoted 
were replicas of the one described above. 
As already stated the sloop-of-war 
Hornet, commanded by James Lawrence 

rendered. She was in a sinking condition 
as the result of the American fire, and 
although every effort was made to keep 
her afloat she finally went down so sud- 
denly as to drown nine of her own crew 
and three Americans. Lawrence pro- 
ceeded to New York where he arrived and 
discharged his prisoners after a cruise of 
145 days, in which time he had captured 
one ship, two brigs, one schooner, and a 
man-of-war. He was at this time one of 
the most popular officers in the American 
naval service and seemed to be on the 
threshhold of a brilliant career, when he 


at that time Master-Commandant, and 
later captain of the ill-fated frigate 
Chesapeake during her combat with the 
Shannon, formed a part of the squadron 
under the command of Bainbridge and 
parted company with the Constitution off 
the coast of Brazil. After vainly seeking 
an engagement with the British sloop 
Bonne Citoyenne which he had been left 
to watch, the commander of the Hornet 
proceeded northward, and on February 
24, 1813, encountered off the mouth of 
the Demarara river the British brig Pea- 
cock, a ship about the same size as the 
Hornet, but with a lighter broadside. 
After a brief action, which lasted hardly 
a quarter of an hour, the Peacock sur- 

took command of the frigate Chesa- 
peake, May 20, 1813. Within the brief 
period of eleven days thereafter he had 
lost his ship and was soon to lose his life 
from wounds received in the fatal combat 
with the Shannon, in many ways the most 
tragic engagement of the war. His heroic 
death did much to atone for his misfor- 
tune in losing his vessel, and his dying 
words, " Don't give up the ship," have 
become perhaps the most famous saying 
in American naval annals. They were 
used to good advantage a few months 
later when inscribed upon the banner of 
the flagship of Commodore Oliver H. 
Perry, they inspired the crews which won 
the battle of Lake Erie. 



The unfortunate close of Lawrence's 
naval career did not dim the memory of 
his former services, and by Act of Con- 
gress approved January 11, 1814, it 
was resolved : 

" That the President of the United States 
be requested to present to the nearest male rela- 
tive of Captain James Lawrence, a gold medal, 
and a silver medal to each of the commissioned 
officers who served under him in the sloop-of- 
war Hornet, in her conflict with the British 
vessel-of-war, the Peacock, in testimony of the 
nigh sense entertained by Congress of the gal- 
lantry and good conduct of the officers and 
crew in the capture of that vessel ; and the 
President is also requested to communicate to 

the inscription " Inter hornet nav. ameri. 
et peacock nav. ang. die XXIV Feb. 
MDCCCXIII " or " Between the Ameri- 
can ship Hornet and the English vessel 
Peacock, February 24, 1813," and above 
" Mansuetud maj quam victoria " or 
" Clemency greater than victory." 

Captain Lawrence was not the only 
naval commander of the war to be 
awarded a medal posthumously. On Sep- 
tember 4, 1813, the American brig Enter- 
prise, commanded by Lieutenant Com- 
mander William Burrows, encountered 
the British brig: Boxer off the coast of 


the nearest male relative of Captain Lawrence 
the sense which Congresss entertains of the 
loss which the naval service of the United 
States has since sustained in the death of that 
distinguished officer." 

The medal awarded in accordance with 
this Act bore on the obverse the bust of 
Captain Lawrence to the right in naval 
uniform surrounded by the inscription 
" Jac. Lawrence dulce et decorum est pro 
patria mori " or " James Lawrence to die 
for one's country is sweet and becoming." 
The reverse design showed the close of 
the action between the Hornet and the 
Peacock, with the former vessel sending 
her boats to the rescue of the crew of 
the latter, which has lost her mainmast 
and is sinking bv the bow. Below appears 

Maine and a decisive engagement ensued 
in which both the American and British 
commanders were killed early in the en- 
gagement. Under the command of Lieu- 
tenant Edward R. McCall, the Enterprise 
proved her superiority by capturing the 
Boxer in less than an hour. By an Act 
of Congress, approved January 6, 1814, 
it was resolved : 

" That the President of the United States 
be requested to present to the nearest male rela- 
tive of Lieutenant William Burrows, and to 
Lieutenant Edward R. McCall, of the brig 
Enterprise, a gold medal, with suitable emblems 
and devices; and a silver medal, with like em- 
blems and devices, to each of the commissioned 
officers of the aforesaid vessel, in testimony 
of the high sense entertained by Congress of 
the gallantry and good conduct of the officers 


and crew in the conflict with the British sloop 
Boxer, on the fourth of September, in the year 
1813. And the President is also requested to 
communicate to the nearest male relative of 
Lieutenant Burrows the deep regret which Con- 
gress feels for the loss of that valuable offi- 
cer, who died in the arms of victory, nobly 
contending for his country's rights and fame." 

The medal awarded in honor of Com- 
mander Burrows bore on the obverse a 
funeral urn upon a tomb inscribed " W. 
Burrows," and surrounded with naval 
war trophies including cannon balls, an 
anchor, standards, a sword, a rifle, and 
a trident from which lianas a laurel 

the inscription " Edward R. McCall navis 
Enterprise praefectus sic itur ad astra " 
or " Edward R. McCall, commander of 
the ship Enterprise. Thus is glory at- 
tained." The reverse design was the 
same as that of the medal awarded to 
Commander Burrows for the same 

The year 1814 was signalized by only 
two American victories at sea for which 
Congress awarded medals. One of these 
was presented to Captain Lewis Warring- 
ton, the other to Captain Johnston 
Blakeley. The former officer, in command 


wreath. Above appears the inscription 
" Victoriam tibi claram patriae maestam " 
or " A victory brilliant for thee ; sorrow- 
ful for thy country." The reverse de- 
sign showed the engagement between the 
Enterprise and the Boxer, the former 
raking the latter which has lost her main 
topmast. Above appears the inscription 
"Vivere sat vincere" or "To conquer is 
to live enough," and below " Inter enter- 
prise nav. ameri. et boxer nav. brit. die 
IV Sept. MDCCCXIII" or "Between 
the American ship Enterprise and the 
British ship Boxer." 

The medal awarded to Lieutenant Mc- 
Call bore on the obverse side his bust to 
the right in naval uniform surrounded by 

of a new sloop named the Peacock, in 
honor of Lawrence's victory over the 
vessel of that name, engaged the British 
brig Epcri'icr, of nominally equal 
strength, off the southeast coast of 
Florida, on April 29, 1814. After an 
action of about three-quarters of an hour 
the Epervier surrendered and was taken 
into the port of Savannah as a prize in 
spite of the fact that two British frigates 
pursued both the conqueror and her cap- 
ture. This engagement was a remark- 
able one in that not a man on the Peacock 
was killed, and only two wounded. The 
Eperv-ier, on the other hand, lost eight 
killed and fifteen wounded. The Pea- 
cock was handicapped at the beginning 



of the combat by the disabling of her 
foreyard. This, however, was the only 
serious injury she received, while the 
Epervier's masts and rigging were ser- 
iously damaged, and the latter ship also 
received forty-two shot holes in her hull, 
thus attesting to the deadly aim of the 
American gunners. 

By an Act of Congress, approved Octo- 
ber 21, 1814, it was resolved : 

" That the President of the United States 
be requested to present to Captain Lewis 
Warrington, of the sloop-of-war Peacock, a 
gold medal, with suitable emblems and devices, 

verse design showed the close of the 
engagement with the Peacock to leeward 
firing her port broadside and the Epcrvier 
with her main topmast wrecked. Below 
appeared the inscription " Inter peacock 
nav. ameri. et epcrvier nav. ang. die 
XXIX Mar. MDCCCXIV " or "Be- 
tween the American ship Peacock and the 
English ship Epervier, March 29, 1814 " j 
and above " Pro patria paratus vincere 
aut mori " or " Prepared to conquer or 
die for his country." 

Prominent among the brilliant Ameri- 
can naval commanders of this period was 


and a silver medal, with like emblems and de- 
vices, to each of the commissioned officers and 
a sword to each of the midshipmen, and to the 
sailing-master of said vessel, in testimony of 
the high sense entertained by Congress of the 
gallantry and good conduct of the officers and 
crew, in the action with the British brig 
Epcrvier, on the 29th day of April, in the 
year one thousand eight hundred and four- 
teen, in which action the decisive effect and 
great superiority of the American gunnery were 
so signally displayed." 

The obverse of the medal awarded to 
Captain Warrington in accordance with 
this resolution bore his bust in naval uni- 
form to the right surrounded by the in- 
scription " Ludovicus Warrington dux 
navalis ameri." or " Lewis Warrington 
American naval commander." The re- 

Johnston Blakeley, who as lieutenant had 
fitted out the brig Enterprise and pre- 
pared the inexperienced crew for their 
splendid work during the combat de- 
scribed above between that ship and the 
Boxer. As Master Commandant in 
charge of the sloop-of-war IVasp, he 
sailed from Portsmouth, New Hamp- 
shire, May 1, 1814, and stationed himself 
in a position near the English Channel 
where he was indeed in a position to prey 
upon enemy commerce, but also exposed 
to constant attacks by larger ships than 
his own. On the morning of June 18th, he 

t Apparently an error of the engraver since 
the engagement actually took place a month 



sighted the British brig Reindeer, com- 
manded by Captain William Manners, 
who waited for his adversary to ap- 
proach. The Reindeer was captured 
after an action of only nineteen minutes. 
The sea was perfectly smooth and the 
engagement fought at very short range. 
The ships having fallen afoul of each 
other the British crew, led by their com- 
mander, attempted to board the American 
vessel, but were repulsed with the loss of 
their captain, who* had previously been 
twice wounded. The Reindeer was very 
badly damaged, both in spars and hull, and 

the sea, but it is supposed that being deep 
in the waist and heavily armed and 
sparred she foundered, with her brave 
crew, in some of the gales frequent in 
that region. Her gallant and capable 
commander thus never returned to re- 
ceive the gold medal awarded to him by 
an Act of Congress approved November 
3, 1814. His death was commemorated 
in the inscription on the reverse of this 
award which was the only one of the 
series now being described awarded to the 
victim of nature's forces and not the shot 
of the enemy. This fact lends an added 


was blown up on the following evening. 
Captain Blakely proceeded to L'Orient, 
where he made the needed repairs to his 
ship. He again put to sea on August 
27th, and soon made a number of other 
valuable captures. On the evening of 
September 1st he engaged the brig Avon 
and compelled her to surrender, after an 
engagement of three-quarters of an hour. 
Later he sailed southward, and in the 
neighborhood of the Madeiras captured 
the brig Atlanta, which he sent home to 
Savannah. This was his last recorded 
success. The Wasp was spoken of some 
three weeks later about a thousand miles 
to the south and then disappeared forever. 
Her end is another of the mysteries of 

interest to the medal, the obverse of which 
bore the bust of Captain Blakeley to the 
right in naval uniform surrounded by 
the inscription " Johnston Blakeley, reip. 
faed. ameri. nav. Wasp dux " or " John- 
ston Blakeley, Captain of the American 
Federal Republic ship Wasp." The re- 
verse bore a view of the close of the 
action between the Wasp and the Rein- 
deer with the former to windward firing 
her port broadside and the Reindeer 
striking her colors. Above appears the 
inscription " Eheu bis victor patria tua te 
luget plauditq " or " Alas ! Twice con- 
queror, thy country laments and applauds 
thee ; " and below " Inter Wasp nav. 
ameri. et reindeer nav. ansf. die XXVIII 



Junius MDCCCXIV " or " Between the 
American ship Wasp and the English ship 
Reindeer, June 28, 1814." 

The treaty of peace with Great Britain, 
which was ultimately to end the War of 
1812, was signed by the American Com- 

^missioners at Ghent, December 24, 1814. 
Hostilities continued, however, on sea and 
land for a number of months subsequent 
to that date, partly owing to the fact that 
means of communication were few and 
slow at that period. Two naval engage- 

»ments were fought in 1815, in recognition 
of which gold and silver medals were 
awarded by Congress. One of these vic- 
tories was achieved by the good ship Con- 
stitution, two of whose commanders had 
already won laurels. The third com- 
mander of Old Ironsides to be thus 
rewarded was Captain Charles Stewart, 
who was placed in charge of that vessel 
in 1813, but was unable to get to sea until 
the fall of 1814, when he made a brief 
cruise to the south as far as the 
West Indies. 

On December 17th the Constitution 
again sailed from Boston and on this voy- 
age did not linger in American waters but 
proceeded to the coast of Europe. On 
the morning of February 20th, while run- 
ning before the wind, two ships were 
sighted in rapid succession to the leeward. 
The vessels were soon identified as enemy 
ships and were apparently endeavoring to 
escape. The Constitution crowded on all 
sail in pursuit. The strangers having ex- 
changed signals with each other, prepared 
to engage, and Captain Stewart cleared 
his ship for action. The engagement 
commenced with the three ships forming 
nearly an equilateral triangle, the Consti- 
tution being to windward. At the end of 
a sharp fight of about a quarter of an 
hour's duration, the fire from all three 
ships slackened, and by means of skillful 
manoeuvring on the part of Captain 

Stewart the Constitution succeeded in 
raking both her contestants. One sur- 
rendered soon after and the other about 
an hour later. The two British vessels 
proved to be the Cyane, a frigate built 
ship of twenty-four guns, and the Levant 
of eighteen. The action had been fought 
during the night, and the manner in which 
the Constitution had been handled con- 
tributed very materially to her success. 
Captain Stewart proceeded with his prize 
to Port Praya, arriving there on March 
10th. On the following day three British 
ships appeared off the harbor and the 
Constitution was obliged to attempt a 
hasty flight with the vessels she had cap- 
tured such a short time before. The 
Levant was recaptured by the British 
ships, but the Constitution and Cyane 
both made good their escape and reached 
the port of New York without mishap. 
The Constitution had again made good 
her reputation as a lucky ship and won 
another gold medal for her commander. 
Her wonderful sailing powers, the skill 
of her commander in handling his ship, 
and the accuracy of her gun crews were 
doubtless the essential qualities which 
contributed to her success. 

By an Act approved February 22, 1816. 
Congress resolved : 

" That the President of the United States 
be, and he is hereby requested, to present to 
Captain Charles Stewart of the frigate Con- 
stitution a gold medal, with suitable emblems 
and devices and a silver medal with suitable 
emblems and devices to each commissioned 
officer of the said frigate, in testimony of the 
high sense entertained by Congress of the gal- 
lantry, good conduct and services of Captain 
Stewart, his officers and crew, in the capture 
of the British vessels of war, the Cyane and 
Levant, after a brave and skillful combat." 

The obverse of the medal presented to 
Captain Stewart in accordance with this 
resolution bore his bust to the right, in 
naval uniform, surrounded by the inscrip- 
tion " Carolus Stewart navis ameri. Con- 



stltution dux." or " Charles Stewart, 
Captain of the American ship Constitu- 
tion." The reverse design showed a view 
of the engagement between the Constitu- 
tion and the two British ships, with the 
former raking her adversaries. Below 
appears the inscription " Inter constitu. 
nav. ameri. et levant et cyane nav. 
ang. die XX febr. MDCCCXV " or 
" Between the American ship Constitution 
and the British ships Levant and Cyane, 
February 20, 1815" and above "Una 
victoriam eripuit ratibus binis " or " With 
one ship he snatched victory from two." 
The war was now over, but in addition 
to the final exploit of the Constitution 
another victory was won for which a gold 
medal was also awarded by Congress. 
On the twenty-third of March the sloop- 
of-war Hornet, commanded by Captain 
James Biddle, engaged the British brig 
Penguin off the island of Tristan 
d'Acunha, captured her in less than half 
an hour. The British captain had at- 
tempted to board, but his men had not 
responded to his orders, and the only 
result of this manoeuvre was to expose the 
Penguin to a raking fire, which left her a 
partial wreck. An English officer having 
called out that the Penguin had surren- 
dered, Captain Biddle sprang upon the 
taffrail to inquire whether such was 
actually the case. In the excitement of 
the moment two marines on the enemy's 
forecastle discharged their muskets at 
him, inflicting a severe wound in his neck. 
A few moments later the Penguin actually 
did surrender, while the American crew, 
angered at the wounding of their com- 
mander, were on the point of firing a 
fresh broadside. The engagement be- 
tween these two vessels was one of the 
best contested during the entire war, and 
furnished a splendid exhibition of Ameri- 
can pluck and skill. After removing the 
stores and valuable provisions from the 

Penguin, the vesel was sunk, and Captain 
Biddle proceeded on his cruise. During 
the last week in April, however, he was 
pursued by the British ship Comwallis, 
of seventy-four guns, and in his endeavor 
to escape threw overboard all his guns, 
and even cut away much of his upper 
works. He was successful, however, in 
evading capture, and arrived in New York 
on July 30th. 

By an Act approved February 22, 1816, 
Congress resolved : 

" That the President of the United States 
be, and he is hereby requested to present to 
Captain James Biddle, of the sloop-of-war 
Hornet, a gold medal, with suitable emblems 
and devices, and a silver medal with suitable 
emblems and devices to each commissioned offi- 
cer of the said sloop-of-war, in testimony of 
the high sense entertained by Congress of the 
gallantry, good conduct and services of Cap- 
tain Biddle, his officers and crew in capturing 
the British sloop-of-war Penguin, after a brave 
and skillful combat." 

The medal presented to Captain Biddle 
in accordance with this resolution bore 
upon the obverse the bust of this officer 
in naval uniform to the right surrounded 
by the following inscription in English : £ 
" The Congress of the U. S. to Captain 
James Biddle for his gallantry, good con- 
duct and services." The reverse bore a 
spirited view of the engagement between 
the Hornet and the Penguin, with a moun- 
tain peak in the background surrounded 
by the inscription " Capture of the British 
ship Penguin off Tristan D'Acunha, 
March XXIII, MDCCCXV by the 
U. S. ship Hornet." 

The medal presented by Congress to 
Captain Biddle was not only the last 
medal won during the War of 1812-15, 
but the final naval award of this charac- 
ter made by that body up to the present 
time. The naval activities of the War 

X The only instance of the use of the English 
language in connection with the inscriptions on 
a medal of the series under discussion. 



with Mexico were negligible in character, 
and while a number of naval engagements 
of the Civil War were of sufficient im- 
portance to be commemorated in this man- 
ner, no such action was taken by Con- 
gress, which, as a matter of fact, awarded 
only a single medal of this character dur- 
ing the conflict, and that was presented 
to a military commander, General Ulysses 
S. Grant. From that time to the present 
no such medals have been granted either 

to military or naval commanders, the 
place of such medals being supplied by 
the regular military and naval decora- 
tions, which will be described in a subse- 
quent article. 

The series of medals awarded by the 
United States Congress to American mili- 
tary and naval commanders for victories 
during the War of 1812-15 was unusually 
complete, and constitute an exception- 
ally fine medallic record of that conflict. 




The Italian Manual for Immigrants has just 
been issued. The Manual may now be obtained 
in the English, Italian and Spanish languages. 
The Yiddish, Polish and Hugarian are in process 
of translation. 

The book is already winning high praise from 
educators wherever it goes. Inasmuch as it has 
not yet been found practicable to distribute it at 
the ports of entry, a new ruling of the National 
Society allows chapters to have it free of charge 
upon application through their State Regents, if 
it is wanted for direct distribution to the immi- 
grants. In this way spirit and purpose of our 
work will be accomplished, quite as well, perhaps, 
as at the ports of entry. 

For text-book use, or for purposes other, than 
the above, a charge will be made as here- 
tofore, viz: 

Single copies 20 cents each 

In lots of 25 or more 15 cents each 

In lots of 100 or more 12 cents each 

In lots of 1000 or more 10 cents each 

This to apply to all languages. 
Orders with money should be sent to the 
Treasurer General, Memorial Continental Hall, 
Washington, D. C. 

Orders for free books should be addressed to 
the State Regent, stating the purpose to give 
it directly to the immigrant. The State Regent 
will forward the order to the Corresponding 
Secretary General. 

State Regents are asked to keep a record of all 
orders thus received and forwarded, and to re- 
port same to Mrs. John L. Buel, Vice Chairman 
in Charge of Immigrants' Manual, Litchfield, 


By Matthew Page Andrews 

HE National Committee of Pub- 
lication for The American's 
Creed announces the establish- 
ment of an American's Creed 
Fellowship, in which life mem- 
bership is $1.00. This nominal 
contribution represents a token of interest 
on the part of the applicant and records 
the name upon the rolls as a " Founder." 
In return therefor the subscriber receives 
a specially numbered " Founder's Copy " 
of " The Book of The American's Creed," 
and also the privilege thereafter of order- 
ing this attractive little booklet at cost of 
publication, namely, at 35 cents the copy 
when ordered in lots of three or more. 

" The Book of The American's Creed " 
is issued under the auspices of the his- 
torical and patriotic societies of America, 
and it contains the Creed, the story of its 
origin, and the bases for its phrases in the 
sayings of the founders and builders of 
our great Republic. Issued under the 
auspices of national patriotic organiza- 
tions,- of which the respective Presidents 
General are ex-officio members of the 
Publication Committee, this little book 
carries the name of no author and adver- 
tises no publisher. The explanatory mat- 
ter is set forth in those words which have 
been used most successfully in explaining, 
through the Creed, the nature of the 
American Government. 

The book is further unique in that it 
cannot be purchased through trade chan- 
nels or in bookstores, and it may only be 
secured through American's Creed Fel- 
lowship sources for patriotic and educa- 
tional purposes. 

This little book of sixty-eight pages 
(illustrated) appeared from the press in 
June, 1921, and immediately, under the 
leadership of the Maryland Society of the 
Sons of the American Revolution and 
other patriotic societies and individuals, 
sufficient copies were subscribed for to 
supply the graduates of the grammar 
schools of the city of Baltimore. A simi- 
lar local Committee had been created in 
Washington and the book would have 
been distributed in the Capital City of the 
Nation if they had arrived on time for 
the graduation exercises. 

In Baltimore, however, formerly the 
home of the author of The American's 
Creed, the children received these copies 
upon graduation. The name of the child 
was written in his or her book, which 
was countersigned by the Principal of the 
school and, in many cases, also by the 
representatives of the patriotic societies 
which presented the books to the respec- 
tive schools. 

The book was awarded the child on the 
sole condition that he or she could recite 
The American's Creed. The National 



Committee believes that if this movement 
be promoted throughout the United 
States three objects will thereby be 
accomplished, which Ivave not yet been 
successfully combined in any patriotic 

( 1 ) It will interest the child ; (2) it will 
carry an effective message to the home, 
and (3) there will be little or no wastage 
of money or material. 

The child will value the volume as an 
autographed gift book received at the 
time it leaves school. The parent will 
take an interest in the book because the 
child brings it home, and as it is an attrac- 
tive little book and represents the simplest 
exposition of the fundamental principles 
of American government which has ever 
been put in print, thousands, if not mil- 
lions, of parents would, for the first time, 
read such an exposition of government 
and learn why our institutions should be 
supported, in contravention of the plaus- 
ible but impractical and destructive radi- 
cal doctrines, many of these same parents 

are constantly hearing around and 
about them. 

It is believed that this final specific plan 
for the promulgation of The American's 
Creed will produce more direct and last- 
ing results than any one plan or series of 
plans proposed at any time in this country. 
It is particularly good because of certain 
unique features and because of its ex- 
treme simplicity. Moreover, the cost for 
each community in carrying out the plan 
is less than the cost of almost any patriotic 
project offering anything like such prom- 
ising results. It has been discovered 
already that the society or individual who 
promotes the plan is gratified by the re- 
sponse, perhaps unequalled in any other 
effort made to carry the ideals of Ameri- 
can citizenship simultaneously into the 
schools and homes. 

Further information concerning the 
Fellowship and what it aims to accom- 
plish may be obtained directly through 
the Committee on Publication of The 
American's Creed, 849 Park Avenue, 
Baltimore, Maryland. 


The office of the Recording Secretary 
General, N.S.D.A.R., needs a copy of 
the January, 1921, Daughters of the 
American Revolution Magazine for 
its files. A subscriber, having such 

a copy and not desiring it for her 
own use, will confer a favor by 
sending the magazine to the Re- 
cording Secretary General, Memorial 
Continental Hall, Washington, D. C. 


By invitation of Asquamchumauke Chapter, 
the twentieth Annual State Conference of the 
Daughters of the American Revolution of New 
Hampshire convened in the Congregational 
Church in Plymouth, on the afternoon of 
October 18, 1921. 

The church was most attractive with its 
decorations of autumn foliage. There was a 
beautiful silk flag on the platform, which had 
been presented by the United States Govern- 
ment to the Boy Scouts of Plymouth for their 
admirable work in selling Liberty Bonds. The 
State Regent, Mrs. Lorin Webster, called the 
Conference to order. The Lord's Prayer was 
repeated, led by the Chaplain, Mrs. George H. 
Adams. A very cordial welcome was extended 
by Mrs. William J. Foss, Regent of the hostess 
Chapter, with a response by Mrs. Leslie P. 
Snow, State Vice Regent. 

Greetings were extended to the Conference in 
a notable address by Major Frank W. Russell, 
SA.R. Mrs. Charles C. Abbott, ex-Vice 
President General, who was absent on account 
of illness, sent greetings and her best wishes for 
a successful Conference, as did Mrs. Josiah 
Carpenter, an Honorary State Regent, who also 
was unable to be present. Mrs. Robert 
Pearson, an ex-State Regent, from Birming- 
ham, Alabama, extended greetings, and spoke 
of her work as State Regent, saying that since 
the close of the War much had been done along 
the lines of rural education, and in establishing 
schools for the southern mountaineers of 
Tennessee and northern Alabama. 

The reports of the State Officers were read, 
also the reports of the various State Chairmen 
and Chapter Regents. Mrs. Walter H. Story, 
State Historian, reported that the War Service 
Records had been bound in two volumes ; that 
one set was to be kept at the State Library in 
Concord, and that another had been sent to 
Memorial Continental Hall Library at Washing- 
ton. A rising vote of thanks was given Mrs. 
Story in recognition of the faithful discharge 
of an arduous task. 

The annual report of the State Regent told of 
her various activities during the year, and of 
the evident interest manifested by the Chap- 
ters in the State. In closing, she said : " In 
these days of unrest, of reorganization and 

reconstruction, let us think clearly, act discreetly 
and wisely, and, with a broad vision of service 
ever before us, do our part in all good work. 
Let us remember that our great patriotic organ- 
ization is founded on sacrifice, and let us give 
our whole-hearted devotion to the upholding of 
those principles that stand for liberty, freedom 
and justice." 

Airs. Will B. Howe, an Honorary State 
Regent of New Hampshire, read an impressive 
Memoriam for the National Officers and the 
Daughters of New Hampshire who had died 
during the year. Mention was made of the 
death of Col. Arthur E. Clarke, husband of the 
Organizing and Honorary State Regent, and 
of Mr. Ira F. Harris, husband of the 
State Treasurer. 

The evening session was opened with prayer 
by Rev. Arthur H. Gilmore. The reading of 
the American's Creed, by Miss Mudgett and the 
audience, was followed by the salute to the 
flag, led by Miss Annie Wallace, National 
Chairman of the Committee on the Correct Use 
of the Flag, and also an Honorary State Regent 
of New Hampshire. Mrs. John Peppard, of 
Asquamchumauke Chapter, was color bearer. 
The Star Spangled Banner was sung by 
Mr. Ralph Morton, the audience joining in 
the chorus. 

An interesting address on the subject of the 
Neighborhood House at Dover, N. H., was 
given by Mrs. Edna Crewe, who is in charge 
of this Social Work. Miss Harriet Huntress, 
Vice Regent of the Alt. Vernon Ladies' Associa- 
tion of the Union, was the second speaker. A 
delightful reception was given to the State 
Officers and guests by the hostess Chapter. 

A business session was held Wednesday 
morning. The State By-laws were proposed 
and discussed ; they will be acted upon at the 
next State Conference. 

It was voted to furnish the office of the 
Corresponding Secretary General in the new 
Administration Building at Washington. The 
candidacy of Miss Annie Wallace, Honorary 
State Regent, for Vice President General, was 
unanimously endorsed by the Conference. 

The following State Officers were elected : 
State Regent, Airs. Lorin Webster, State Vice 
Regent Mrs. Leslie P. Snow, State Secretary 
Mrs. Harry A. Merrill, State Treasurer Mrs. 



Ira F. Harris, State Historian Mrs. Walter 
H. Story. 

Resolutions were adopted protesting against the 
taking over of Mt. Vernon by the Govern- 
ment, also endorsing the Sheppard-Towner 
bill, and the movement for better motion pic- 
tures. A rising vote of thanks to Asquamchu- 
make Chapter for its hospitality brought to a 
close one of the most successful Conferences 
held in the State. 

(Mrs. Harry A.) Lucy B. Merrill, 

State Secretary. 


Thursday, October 6th, the New Jersey 
Daughters of the American Revolution held 
their annual conference at the Town and 
Country Club, Elizabeth, New Jersey, Boudinot 
Chapter, Mrs. C. Symmes Kiggins, Regent, 
entertaining. There were about 175 Daughters 
present when Mrs. Henry Dusenberry Fitts, 
State Regent, called the meeting to order. 

Four young ladies carrying the Stars and 
Stripes, State and Chapter flags, escorted the 
officers and guests to the platform. New Jersey 
was honored in having Mrs. George Maynard 
Minor, President General, as her especial guest, 
inasmuch as she had but lately returned from 
her tour of the battlefields of France and the 
inspection of the water system at Tilloloy. 

The other guests whom the State was to 
welcome were : Mrs. William D. Sherrerd, Vice 
President General of New Jersey; Mrs. John 
Francis Yawger, Recording Secretary General ; 
Mrs. Nash, State Regent of New York; Mrs. 
John Laidlaw Buel, State Regent of Connec- 
ticut; Mrs. Althea Randolph Bedle, Mrs. 
Erastus G. Putnam, ex- Vice President General 
of New Jersey; Mrs. Charles B. Yardley and 
Mrs. James Fairman Fielder, ex-State Regents 
of New Jersey. 

The Lord's Prayer, the presentation of " The 
Colors " and the " Pledge to the Flag," were 
given by those assembled, followed by the 
singing of the National Anthem. 

Our President General told a most interest- 
ing story of her trip, which held the attention 
of all. A graphic story of the reception and 
luncheon attendant upon the presentation of the 
fountain, and a recital of the enlightening 
inscription thereon which reads : " As a token 
of sympathy for the cruel sufferings endured by 
the French people during the Great War, and 
with the desire to be of some needful assistance, 
this fountain and this water system for the 
village are offered to Tilloloy, by the National 
Society of the Daughters of the American 
Revolution of the United States." 

The modest recital of the presentation to her 
of the decoration known as the " Reconnais- 
sance Francaise," by the Mayor of the village 

made every Daughter proud to be represented 
by Mrs. Minor. 

The description of the journey to England to 
place a wreath on the grave of the unknown 
British soldier, buried in Westminster Abbey, 
" deep down in the white sand of the Thames, 
and the infinite pathos of the simple but digni- 
fied inscription : " A British Warrior who fell 
in the Great War, 1914-1918. For King and 
Country. Greater love hath no man than this," 
made a lasting impression. 

Her tour with the American Legion to the 
battlefields, where the white wooden crosses 
over the graves of our own American heroes, 
catch the gleam of the sun, and the ceremony 
attendant upon the unknown French Poilu 
under the Arc de Triumphe, with the use 
of the President General's ribbon, were 
intensely interesting. 

Festivities were not lacking in this wonderful 
story, as President and Mme. Millerand re- 
quested her to attend a reception given 
at Versailles. 

Greetings and felicitations were heard from 
all the guests and our own officers, each one 
leaving a thought for every loyal Daughter, 
and after a most delightful luncheon the State 
Regent adjourned a meeting which was fraught 
with much pleasure and profit to all. 

Nettie Hellerman, 


The Virginia State Conference convened in 
Roanoke, Va., by invitation of the Margaret 
Lynn Lewis Chapter every state officer was 
present and each chapter represented. The 
report of the work done was marvelous. The 
State Regent, Dr. Kate Waller Barrett possesses 
the faculty of bringing out all that is best in 
her associates. The work done along educa- 
tional lines was noted in the Congress of the 
National Society when Virginia led all the states 
in patriotic education. 

The hostess chapter had arranged every detan" 
so efficiently that the time was spent most 
pleasantly and profitably. The social side was 
charming, several luncheons, teas and receptions, 
an automobile ride to the Tomb of General An- 
drew Lewis and one to Hollins Institute re- 
freshed the delegates after the business sessions. 
The election resulted as follows : Regent, Dr. 
Kate Waller Barrett ; Vice Regent, Mrs. James 
R. Schick; Corresponding Secretary, Mrs. 
James Kyle ; Recording Secretary, Mrs. Wm. 
Wallis ; Treasurer, Mrs. A. J. Work; Historian, 
Mrs. Robert Pierce; Registrar, Mrs. A. K. 
Davis; Librarian, Mrs. W. W. Richardson. 
Mrs. Henry Fitzhugh Lewis, 
Corresponding Secretary. 

Department of the 

Historical Program 

Conducted by 

VI. Woman Before and in the Civil War 

1. Before the Civil War. — The preceding 
number of this program has indicated the part 
played by women in the westward movement. 
Conditions in the East had been changing, but 
more slowly. Gaillard Hunt's Life in America 
One Hundred Years Ago 74-84, describes con- 
ditions about 1814, at the time when the United 
States was finally shaking off colonial ideas. 
The position of woman twenty years later can 
be fairly seen in De Tocqueville's Democracy 
in America, book III, ch. 8, 9, 10 and 12. Mrs. 
Frances M. Trollope's Domestic Manners of the 
Americans, describing conditions about 1830, 
is the reverse of complimentary; her opinion 
of American women can be drawn from chap- 
ters, 2, 6, 14, and 26. Calhoun's Social History 
of the American Family, vol. ii, ch. 4 and 5, 
furnishes a number of interesting illustrations. 
Rhodes' History of the United States from the 
Compromise of 1850, i, 354-362, gives a sketch 
of social conditions in the North and South 
about 1850. 

2. The Abolition Movement.— A sketch of 
woman's participation is given in Bruce's 
Woman in the Making of America, 156-187. 
The biographies of prominent individuals will 
furnish more material, for example, the chapter 
on Julia Ward Howe in Miss Humphrey's 
Women in American History. The reference 
already given to E. J. Putnam's The Lady, 282- 
323, gives the southern aspect of the slavery 
question, also Swede's Memorials of a 
Southern Planter. 

3. The Civil War— A general account show- 
ing the field within which woman's work was 
carried on, is given in Rhodes' History of the 
United States from the Compromise of 1850, 
vol. v, ch. 27 (North), and ch. 28 (South). 
For the South see also Wilson's History of the 
American People, iv, 248-251. Mrs. Logan's 
Part Taken by Women in American History. 
305-308, gives a general characterization of 
women's activities ; more satisfactory is Bruce's 
Woman in the Making of America, 188-223 ; a 
much more complete account, if accessible, is L. 
P. Brockett's Woman's Work in the Civil War. 

The North. — For the services rendered by 
northern women see Fite's Social and Industrial 

Conditions in the North during the Civil War 
(use Index). Fite gives also (ch. x) the less 
pleasing side, the tendency to luxury and 
extravagance, which Rhodes also describes (v, 
209-214) with the reaction from it. 

The organized work of women expressed 
itself most prominently in the Sanitary Com- 
mission. Rhodes gives a compact account of 
its work (v, 244-259) ; its official History was 
written by Charles J. Stille, and a more popular 
account may be taken from Mary A. Liver- 
more's My Story of the War. In this connec- 
tion Bret Harte's poem "Sanitary" is of interest. 

The work of the army nurses is described 
in Mrs. Livermore's book, chapters 7 and 8. 
Other personal experiences are found in 
Louisa M. Alcott's Hospital Sketches and 
Katharine Wormeley's Other Side of War. 
For prominent examples see the Life of Clara 
Barton, by P. H. Eppler, and Mrs. Livermore's 
chapters (xxiv-xxvii) on "Mother" Bicker- 
dyke. More detailed is Mary A. G. Holland's 
American Army Nurses. 

The South. — The southern literature of the 
war is filled (and deservedly) with references 
to women's work, but satisfactory collected 
accounts are hard to find. Rhodes has a brief 
mention of woman's special place in the South 
(v, 464-466, but compare pp. 424-427). More 
can be found in Mrs. Logan's Part Taken by 
Women, 485-506 (here again in the form of 
individual biography.) A better idea can be 
gained by such works as Mary B. Chestnut's 
Diary from Dixie. Mrs. Burton Harrison's 
Recollections (originally published in Scribner's 
Magazine, vol. xlix), Smedes' Southern 
Planter, and Hague's A Blockaded Family. For 
the position of southern women after the war 
compare with the works cited McCracken's 
Women of America, 57-84. For the whole 
field Calhoun's Social History of the American 
Family, vol. ii, ch. 14, gives many illustra- 
tive quotations. 

Local activities of women during this period 
would furnish an interesting subject of study 
for individual chapters. Obviously no references 
can be given, but a meeting could be devoted 
to bringing together of recollections and 
traditions known to the members, and something 
of real value could be done for local history. 



Conducted by 
Edith Roberts Ramsburgh 

Drawings by 
Zoe Lee H. Anderson 


The family of Farmer, name spelled various 
ways, is derived from one of the companions 
of William the Conqueror, and was at an early 
period established in the Lordship of Somerton, 
Oxfordshire, England. Resided at Easton- 
Neston about 1480. 

Anne, daughter of Richard Farmer, Esq., 
married before 1545, William Lucy, and their 
son, Sir Thomas Lucy, of Charlecote, Knighted 
by Queen Elizabeth 1565, was the magistrate so 
famous in the time of Shakespeare. 

John, eldest son of Richard Farmer, was 
made Knight of the Carpet at Westminster 
1553, the day of the coronation of Queen Mary, 
in Her Majesty's presence, under Cloth of 
State, by Earl of Arundel, Commissioner for 
the occasion. He married Maud, daughter of 
Sir Nicholas Vaux, Knight. 

His eldest son George, knighted 1586, had 
the honor of entertaining King James 1st and 
his Queen at Easton-Neston 1603, when His 
Majesty was pleased to confer the honor of 
knighthood upon his eldest son, Sir Hatton 
Fermor. Sir George married Mary, daughter 
of Thomas Curzon. He was the personal 
friend of Sir Philip Sydney and was one of the 
few invited to walk in his funeral procession 
with the family. 

Lord Nelson served under George Farmer 
of the Royal Navy, who commanded His 
Majesty's ship Quebec off Ushant, 1777, 
and engaged a French frigate of greatly 
superior force. 

Sixteen hundred and eighty-five Major Jasper 
and Jasper Farmer, Jr., direct descendants of 
George Farmer, with their respective families, 
came to America and settled in Pennsylvania. 


The Maxwells, of Maxwell, Caerlaverock 
and Mearns, Earls of Nithsdale, Lords of 
Maxwell and Herries, etc., begin with Maccus, 
son of Undin, who gave the name to the Barony 
and family of Maxwells, 1150. 

His grandson, Sir John de Maccuswell, 
Sheriff of Roxbury and Chamberlain, of Scot- 
land, was the first of Caerlaverock, 1190-1241, 
and his son. Sir Aymer de Maccuswell, through 
his marriage with Mary of Mearns, acquired 
the Barony of Mearns, 1195-1266. Their son, 
Sir John, became the ancestor of the Maxwells, 
of Pollok, 1270-1306. 

In this line, Sir John Maxwell, thirteenth of 
Pollok, and first Baronet, 1595-1647, married 
twice, but dying without male issue the Pollok 
estate was inherited by the male heir of Sir 
George Maxwell, of Auldhouse, which branch 
still continues. 

There are so many branches of the Maxwell 
family, worked out, with all civil and military 
records, it is impossible to give them here. 

Nearly all men of Scottish birth or descent, 
who are renowned in history, trace their family 
origin back to the lowlands of Scotland, and 
the greater number of those Scotch-Irish, who 
emigrated to Virginia, entered the State by 
way of Pennsylvania and Maryland. 

The Maxwells, settled first in Lancaster Co., 
Pennsylvania, then removed to Augusta Co. 
and still later to Albemarle Co., Virginia. From 
Albemarle they moved to South West Virginia, 
finally settling in Kentucky. 

Their men were prominent in both the Colonial 
and Revolutionary Wars. Two daughters of 
and family were scalped and killed and some of 
the children were taken prisoners by the Indians. 


To Insure Accuracy in the Reading of Names and Promptness in Publication 
Chapter Reports must be Typewritten EDITOR. 

fPf*i — ^tj 

Camp Middlebrook Chapter (Bound Brook, 
N. J.). The spirit of cordiality and coopera- 
tion has marked the year 1920-1921. The mem- 
bership to date numbers 111. The Treasurer's 
report shows receipts amounting to $875.32; of 
which a rummage sale netted $133.47; a colonial 
ball, $182.95 ; a card party at Mrs. Yeandle's, 
$54; and the card party at Mrs. Olendorf's, 
$53.63; collected for World War Veteran 
grave markers, $6.50. 

Apart from the usual expenses of the Chap- 
ter the sum of $637.10 was given for the fol- 
lowing : History prize, Repairing marker at 
Manville, Bronze tablet on Real Daughter's 
monument at Millstone, Washington Head- 
quarters at Plainfield, four spoons for Chap- 
ter babies, Immigrant's Manual, Mrs. Guernsey's 
scholarship, Mrs. Fitts' scholarship fund. Me- 
morial fountain and painting, Red Cross Health 
Bond, New Jersey Revolutionary Memorial 
Society, Contribution to Soldiers' Memorial. 

Twenty-two subscriptions to the Daughters 
of the American Revolution Magazine, of 
which twelve have been added the past year, 
go through the Chapter. Several other sub- 
scriptions go directly to the Treasurer Gen- 
eral at Washington. 

Especial commendation should be given to 
those pupils of our public schools — 18 boys and 
19 girls — who entered the contest for the Chap- 
ter prizes on American history. Much interest 
was shown in the examination and the rating 
was unusually high. 

The " Neighborhood Luncheon," inaugurated 
by the Jersey Blue Chapter, was given under 
the auspices of that Chapter at Hotel Klein, 
New Brunswick, on February 14th. So delight- 
ful was the function that it was later decided 
to make the " Neighborhood Luncheon," in- 
cluding the Camp Middlebrook, Continental, 
Francis Hopkinson, General Frelinghuysen, 
and Jersey Blue Chapters, an annual affair. 

The Chapter may be pardoned for referring 
with pride to its scion, the Nathan Hale So- 
ciety, C.A.R. which is now twenty-five years 
old, with 37 members, boys and girls, brimming 
full of patriotic zeal. 

This year's history would not be complete 

without an expression of deep appreciation for 
the splendid work done throughout the year 
by its honored Regent, Mrs. Yeandle, and her 
able co-workers. 

M. E. L. Herbert, 


Virginia Cavalier Chapter (Mobile, Ala.) 
has been an active, though small, part of the 
National Society for nine years. Our charter 
is dated November 11, 1912, with twenty (20) 
members enrolled. At this time, we have 
reached over thirty, with applications pending 
for new members. No Chapter has been more 
actively nor successfully, employed along 
strictly patriotic lines, as required by the Na- 
tional Society. 

We meet Tuesday in each month from Octo- 
ber until June, making a specialty of July 4th, 
as on that date was held the preliminary meet- 
ing at the home of the organizer and first 
Regent who is again, for the third time, the 
chosen presiding officer of her Chapter. Each 
patriotic occasion, February 22nd, June 14th 
and July 4th, is loyally celebrated. 

Contributions have been given for educa- 
tional purposes continually of $5 at a time; $10 
yearly to the Alabama D.A.R. school since its 
inception ; $10 annually to French orphans ; $10 
to Belgium Relief Fund ; $10 to " Hoover " 
Dinner; $5 to Memorial Continental Hall debt; 
$5 to Banquet Hall fund ; contribution to flowers 
for funeral of Felix Walker, the first Alabama 
boy who died for the world's peace in Arizona; 
$5 annually to canning school for one girl's 
instruction ; all of which come from the treas- 
ury of the Chapter, since no entertainments 
are given, no contributions solicited and no 
tickets " peddled " for any purpose whatever, it 
having been the successful policy of the Chap- 
ter to levy no expense on the members save 
their annual dues, each one knowing fully her 
future expense when invited to become a member. 

During the World War this Chapter took 
its turn to entertain and serve all the troops 
passing through Mobile when their time of 
entertainment fell due. 

The first auxiliary to the Mobile Chapter, 
American Red Cross Society, was organized 



by the Regent of the Chapter two weeks after 
the Mobile County Chapter was organized 
and called by her the Virginia Cavali-r Aux- 
iliary, A.R.C. Among the work accomplished 
was a gift of knitted articles, consisting ef 
eight sweaters, four helmets, four pairs of 
mitts and two scarfs, to the Battleship Ala- 
bama. Over two thousand garments and arti- 
cles of value were also knitted by the Aux- 
iliary and distributed through the Mobile 
Chapter ; twenty Christmas boxes, valued at at 
least $1.50 each, were sent by them for distribu- 
tion to the boys in France; two beautiful quilts 
were knitted by the Auxiliary and sent by 
them to a Base Hospital in England, but were 
never heard from after being placed in the 
Post Office here. 

A Society of C.A.R. was organized in March, 
1914, by the Regent of this Chapter and con- 
tinues in active service. 

We are true to our motto : " We keep the 
tradition "of loyalty, courage, honor and fealty 
to our country, its history, its policy and its 

Each year adds to our interest, increases our 
efforts and accomplishes new work. Two 
Revolutionary graves were marked by the Chap- 
ter and were attended by religious service and 
patriotic ceremonials. 

We feel that our efforts have not been in vain, 
hope for continued success to our earnest en- 

Respectfully submitted, 

Mary Carter Thurber, 


New Rochelle Chapter (New Rochelle, N. 
Y.) as one small unit in the National Society, 
New Rochelle Chapter is awake to our worth- 
while work. As it grows in size and years it 
grows also in strength. Within the year the 
membership roll has been increased by ten new 
names making a total at present of about sixty- 
two members and several other names are 
pending. The attendance has averaged about 

Americanization work remains foremost of 
our activities. Mrs. Herbert L. Moore, cooperat- 
ing with the local Central Americanization 
Committee, has been very successful. 

A Home and Neighborhood Class was organ- 
ized and a teacher is to be supplied by the 
Board of Education. Lectures are given on 
" Nation Building " and the studies, under the 
New York University course were continued. 
Our committee presented local conditions 
of New Rochelle's immigrant population to the 
Board of Education and have received an 
appropriation for the work. The Foreign 
women have been entertained at the Community 

rooms and also visited in their homes. The 
Chapter's part in training alien races to be- 
come American citizens is slowly but surely 
forging ahead. 

Besides the necessary expenditures in the 
work just described we have done what we 
could for other appeals from the National So- 
ciety and also in educational lines, not for- 
getting some local interests. As in former 
years prizes for historical essays in the school 
contests have been given. Contributions have 
been made to the European Relief Fund; also 
to the Tomassee school of South Carolina. 
We responded to an appeal from the Washing- 
ton's Headquarters Association in New York 
Social welfare work under Mrs. George C. 
Cannon progresses and although no unmarked 
graves of Revolutionary soldiers have as yet 
been located, Mrs. William S. Beers continues 
on the " Old Trails." Mrs. William S. Em- 
berson of Ways and Means, Mrs. Herbert T. 
Edwards of the Daughters of the American 
Revolution Magazine, and Mrs. Arthur H. 
Titus, State Revolutionary Relics, have attended 
to their respective committees faithfully. 
Mrs. William L. Stone has taken care of the 
chapter library, the collection being enlarged 
by twenty-five more volumes within the year 
fourteen of which are Lineage books. 

In its entertainment programs the Chapter 
is fortunate in having as chairman Mrs. John 
F. Bennett. 

The Chapter had its revised Constitution and 
By-laws, also its Year-book of the season 

The Regent, the Second Vice Regent and two 
alternates attended the thirtieth Continental Con- 
gress at Washington, and Mrs. Stegman went 
also to the State Conference last October. 

The salute to the Flag has opened each stated 
meeting and the " Star Spangled Banner " or 
" America " are never left out. 

Anna B. Stone, 


San Bernardino Chapter (San Bernardino, 
Calif.) was organized March 29, 1920 with a 
dozen or over enthusiastic ladies. Our charter 
was kept open a year and we now have a 
membership of 42. We had several preliminary 
meetings but since last August have had the 
first Tuesday of the month as our day. For 
a yearling we have accomplished a few things. 
We have complied with the various requests 
sent out from headquarters, contributing to the 
Manual for Immigrants, the Tercentenary Foun- 
tains at Plymouth; and the Painting for the 
American section of the War Museum at Paris. 
We also contributed to the scholarship at the 
American International College at Springfield, 
Mass. known as the Guernsey scholarship. As 



a bit of local work we offered a $5 medal to 
the pupil who attained the highest mark in 
United States history at our junior high school. 
The principal of the school says the interest 
aroused led to much outside reading and re- 
search, and strongly recommends that the offer 
of the medal be continued as the stimulation is 
well worth while. Miss King Rogers was the 
happy recipient of the medal this year. 

At our February meeting we had the honor 
of entertaining our State Regent, Mrs. Harsh- 
barger and our State Vice Regent, Mrs. Stookey. 
Our meetings are held at the homes of the 
members and are very enjoyable, after the busi- 
ness session we have an interesting program 
and sometimes an outside speaker. At our 
December meeting we had a thrilling address 
by Mrs. Womersly on Americanization. Our 
April meeting was one full of delight, as we 
went to Devon Ranch the home of two of our 
members, Mrs. Walker and daughter, Mrs. 
Petus. The ranch is one of our beauty spots. 
The Daughters of the American Revolution 
Magazine is taken by our members. 

(Mrs.) Virginia M. Boggs, 

David Craig Chapter (Brownsville, Tenn.) 
It is a pleasure to report for the first time the 
accomplishments and activities of David Craig 
Chapter, said by our State Regent to be one 
of the banner chapters of the State. 

Our Chapter was organized March, 1909 with 
27 charter members and Mrs. Minnie McLesky 
Halliburton as organizer and first Regent. She 
held the office for four years. Mrs. John K. 
Walker succeeded her and on her removal to 
Memphis Mrs. Halliburton was reelected and 
continued in office until 1917. During her term 
the Chapter grew to 52 members. 

Mrs. Myra Collins Short, a descendant 
of Col. David Craig (for whom our Chapter 
is named) a brave soldier of the Revolution 
from North Carolina, was our war Regent. 
The Chapter organized the Red Cross in Hay- 
wood County. Every Daughter was a member, 
contributed liberally to French Orphans, bought 
Liberty bonds, contributed 100 per cent, to 
Liberty Loan and Tilloloy funds; and the only 
Chapter in the state contributing to the Ameri- 
canization school in Massachusetts in 1919. 
Gave her pro-rata to mountain schools. 

The Daughters of the American Revolu- 
tion Magazine has been placed in the Carnegie 

Mrs. Short was succeeded by Mrs. Ora Battle 
Gray, who led our Chapter for two years. The 
Chapter has gone 100 per cent, in every cause 
— Manual, Pilgrim Fountain, Picture, Ameri- 
canization, Mountain schools, patriotic educa- 
tion. Gave flags to both grammar school 

and high school and placed framed American's. 
Creeds in both schools. 

The Regent gave 11 lineage books, making 
28 books in the Chapter Library. In addition, 
the Chapter raised from the County enough 
money to endow a bed in the Crippled Child- 
ren's Hospital at Memphis, known as the Hay- 
wood County Bed. 

We have nine regular meetings during the 
year, and among our members, we have two 
Real Granddaughters. 

The Chapter has been represented three times 
at Continental Congress first by Mrs Short 
who was confirmed as First Vice State Regent,. 
and Miss Mamie Gray as page, and the last 
two years the Regent, Mrs. Gray attended both 
Continental Congresses and State Meetings. 
Two of our members were present and took 
part when the D.A.R. flag was presented to 
the Battleship Tennessee July, 1920. The 
Chapter has the honor of having a member on 
the National Board. A paper by Miss Mamie- 
Gray has been accepted and filed with the His- 
torical and Reciprocity Committee. 

To our retiring Regent Mrs. Gray, we can- 
not say enough in praise of her faithfulness, 
and devotion to the principles of this great 
organization. We welcome with the same- 
loyalty our new Regent, Mrs. Myra Rice Taylor 
and predict for her a term of great achievinents.. 
(Mrs. Jno. C.) Mary Connell Rice, 


Deborah Champion Chapter (Adams, N- 
Y.)> The opening meeting of the year was- 
held on September IS, 1921, with Harriet E. 
Hale, Helen S. Glazier and Elizabeth W. Ingra- 
ham as hostesses. The Regent, Helen J. Pierce, 
held a short business session and the delegates, 
were elected to attend the state conference at 
Rochester in October. 

Constitution Day being September 17th, it 
seemed fitting that this should be the subject of 
the meeting. A number of interesting readings 
were given, and a paper given by first Vice 
Regent Carrie W. Snyder was greatly enjoyed.. 

At the close of the program the Regent wel- 
comed a number of new members, thirty-one 
having joined recently, making at this time 139* 
members. Light refreshments were served at 
the end of the session. 

Elizabeth Whitcomb Ingraham, 

Ondawa-Cambridge Chapter (Cambridge,. 
N.Y.). On the afternoon of August 25, 1921,. 
our Chapter unveiled the granite boulder erected 
by it to mark a historic site on the old turn- 
pike running from Troy to Canada. The bronze- 
tablet bears the following inscription : Site of 
the Checkered House built by Major James. 
Cowden 1765 Baum's Headquarters Aug. IS., 



1777 Continental Hospital Aug. 18. 1777 
Erected by Ondawa-Cambridge Chapter, D. 
A.R., 1921. 

The exercises opened with a bugle call, fol- 
lowed by the singing of the " Star Spangled 
Banner." Rev. Thomas Cull led in prayer, and 
then the Regent, Miss N. Blanche Cramer, in 
a few graceful words introduced the speaker, 
Rev. John R. Fisher, who gave us a brief but 
interesting history of the site. 

The tablet was then unveiled by two little 
girls, Elizabeth Parrish and Betty Blackfan. 
As they raised the flag 
it was drawn to the 
top of a staff at the 
rear of the boulder. 
All joined in singing 
"America," and the 
ceremony closed with 
the salute to the flag. 

Mary C. Atwood, 

Women of " '76 " 
Chapter (Brooklyn, 
N. Y.) was organized 
on "December 28, 1900, 
at a meeting of the 
Fort Green Chapter, 
held at the home of 
Mrs. S. V. White. 
Previous to this, at a 
meeting of the Chil- 
dren of the Revolu- 
tion, it had been 
suggested that steps 
be taken to form a 
new Chapter, com- 
posed of the graduates 
of the " Little Men 
and Women of '76 " 
who were anxious 
to become Daughters 
of the American 

The question of a 
name for the Junior Chapter was first con- 
sidered, and the " Women of '76 " suggested 
by Mrs. Winthrop, National President of the 
" Children of the American Revolution." 

Our charter was presented on February 2, 
1901, by Mrs. Samuel Verplanck, then New 
York State Regent and received by Miss Kate 
Carlton, our first Regent. The charter mem- 
bers were the Misses Kate Carlton, Susan D. 
Benedict, Hedelind E. Beck, Mary H. Billings, 
Edwina A. Chandler, E. May Jones, Madge 
Miller, Edith Ray, Helen Ray, Eleanor Will- 
iams, Anna D. Wight, Sarah E. Colson, and 
Louise Buttrick. 


Our one great interest has been Dorothy Madi- 
son whom we took as a little girl, from the 
Herkimer Street Nursery, and renamed; and 
for her worked and planned ! She has now 
grown beyond our care and is happily placed 
with a family where she is very welcome, but, 
she still considers and speaks of the " Women 
of 76 " as her " real mothers." 

The war brought us together in all our 
strength and we were able to aid in several 
lines of work; particularly the Red Cross and 
the National League for Woman's Service. 

The Canteen Unit, 
practically all of 
whose members re- 
ceived special training 
at the Y.W.C.A., did 
good work under the 
leadership of Miss 
Mabel Heffley, and 
started in earnest at 
the big Terminal 
Building at Coney 
Island : the goal for 
all men in the service, 
sick or well, while in 
New York. And there 
they received a hearty 
welcome indeed. The 
late Col. Theodore 
Roosevelt was the 
guest of honor and 
speaker on the open- 
ing day, and it was an 
inspiring beginning, 
for little did we know 
how many boys we 
were to cheer and 
help. This Unit served 
at Fort Hamilton, the 
Officer's Club on High 
Street, and later, the 
Club for Service Men 
on S che r m erhorn 
Street, the Convales- 
cent's Home on Gates 
Avenue and the League Shop. 

The two French War Orphans, toward 
whose support we have contributed for the past 
three years, are to be cared for for another 
year. Our Chapter has also met its quota 
(100 per cent.) of the fund for the purchase 
of Liberty Bonds by the National Society, be- 
sides owning two $50 bonds in its own name 
to be held as a reserve fund for Dorothy. 

When the invitation came from the Fort 
Greene Chapter asking our assistance toward 
the purchase of an ambulance for Squadron 
" C " First New York State Cavalry here in 
Brooklyn, we were glad to help. 



The Treasurer's report for twenty years 
shows receipts amounting to $7,419.71, and ex- 
penditures covering the same period, $6,817.34. 

During these twenty years we have given 
and taken part in nineteen entertainments which 
netted $2,478.58 to carry on the work of the 
Chapter. Our balance shows $282 belonging 
to the Dorothy Madison Fund and a small 
bank account held in Trust for Dorothy and 
two fifty dollar Liberty Bonds. 

Since 1917 the amount $687 has been raised 
by subscription for the Dorothy Madison Fund, 
the First Cavalry Ambulance, the Fatherless 
Children of France, the Near East Relief, Mari- 
zelle and Tilloloy Funds and Liberty Bonds 
purchased by the National Society. 

The following gifts have been made to 
charity and for patriotic work: Dorothy Madi- 
son, exclusive of the Dorothy Madison Fund, 
$1,787.04; Continental Hall, $352.50; Support 
of two French War Orphans, $304; Home for 
Friendless Women and Children, including 
Summerland Home, $297.17; Red Cross, 1914, 
$263.63; First Cavalry Ambulance, $145; 
Mount Berry school, $80; Victory Loan Bonds, 
100 per cent., ^73 ; Near East Relief, $52 ; Work 
among the Southern whites, $25; Prisonship 
Martyr's Memorial, $20; Permanent Blind Re- 
lief, $20; International Institute, Y.W.C.A., 
$20; Per capita share of Immigrant's Manual 
Fund, $15.75; Pocahontas Memorial, $15; 
Brooklyn Parks and Playgrounds Association, 
$10; Marizelle Fund, $10; Fund for preserva- 
tion of Birthplace of N. Y., $10; State, $10; 
Tomassee school, $10; Miscellaneous Gifts, 
$602.90. Total, $4,095.49. 

Edith J. Evans. 


Milwaukee Chapter (Milwaukee, Wis.). 
Constitution Day, September 17, 1921, had its 
second annual observance in the stadium in 
Lake Park on the border of Lake Michigan 
under the auspices of our Chapter. The Regent, 
Mrs. George B. Averill, opened the meeting, 
saying the signing of the Constitution guaran- 
teed the liberties that the Declaration of Inde- 
pendence only paved the way for. We have 
grown to neglect Constitution Day while em- 
phasizing Independence Day whereas both are 
entitled to a place of equal importance in the 
heart of every American. 

Mr. A. K. Stebbins, of the S.A.R. was intro- 
duced and asked to take charge of the meeting. 
Mr. Stebbins pointed out that the Constitution 
had always been the bulwark of American so- 
ciety and that by all means must its memory be 
kept in the hearts of the people. He was fol- 
lowed by Col. J. A. Watrous, who urged that 
public and parochial schools make a special 
study of the Constitution which he said was 
the greatest document that has blessed the 

world, with the exception of the Bible. Under 
it our country has become the foremost nation 
of all time, under it America has contributed 
more than all the nations combined, to the 
spread of liberty and that freedom, for which 
all mankind hungers. Little wonder that mill- 
ions of mothers have given their sons to obey 
such a Constitution and defend such a country. 
Boys from the Detroit street school, where 
there are many foreigners, sang a rollicking 
sailor song as they did their swaggering march. 
The boys in sailor costume executed drills in 
excellent precision and the little girls came in 
for their share of applause with a dance around 
the American flag pole. Community singing 
was directed by Mr. Frederick Carberry and 
the large crowd joined with a will in singing 
patriotic songs. 

(Mrs. Edward) Marcia B. Ferguson, 


Liberty Hall Chapter (Charlotte, N. C.) 
A bronze tablet was unveiled at the Mecklenburg 
County Court House, Charlotte, N. C, on 
Armistice Day, November 11, 1921, in memory 
of the dead from Mecklenburg County who 
gave their lives in the World War. 

The tablet was the gift of Liberty Hall 
Chapter, the 104 names — 74 white and 30 col- 
ored — having been compiled from the records 
collected by the War Records Committee of the 
Chapter. The tablet was designed by Mr. 
Martin E. Boyer, Architect, of Charlotte, who, 
himself an ex-service, man, gave careful attention 
to its erection. 

Governor Cameron Morrison and his staff 
were present for the occasion. Following the 
Invocation by Rev. E. A. Penick and a patriotic 
address by the Governor, the tablet was pre- 
sented to the county by Mrs. W. O. Nesbit, 
Regent of Liberty Hall Chapter. 

The tablet was unveiled by little Miss Margaret 
Holden Montgomery, who lost a brother in the 
war, and by Master James Squires, whose father 
was a captain and the ranking officer from this 
county, who made the supreme sacrifice. 

The names on the tablet were read aloud by 
Lafferty Robinson, a former member of the 
old Fifth Company, North Carolina Coast 
Artillery, N. G, this company having been 
adopted and sponsored by Liberty Hall Chapter 
during the War. The tablet was then accepted 
for the county by John W. Berryhill, a former 
service man who had received several medals 
for distinguished service. 

An impressive part of the exercises was the 
two minute period of silence observed at twelve 
o'clock. At the conclusion of the exercises, a 
salute was fired by members of the Hornets' 
Nest Rifles, after which buglers sounded taps. 
Many beautiful wreaths were then placed: 
beneath the tablet. 



The Mecklenburg County Court House stands 
on the site of Liberty Hall Academy (for which 
the Chapter was named) and which was form- 
erly known as Queen's Museum. In presenting 
a tablet to the county in memory of the men 
from Mecklenburg who died in the World War, 
and placing it on the Mecklenburg County Court 
House, the Chapter has but marked a site already 
hallowed by Colonial and Revolutionary history. 

After the exercises at the Court House, the 
Chapter invited the Gold Star Mothers of the 
county to be their 
guests at a buffet 
luncheon at the 
Woman's Club. 

Liberty Hall 
Chapter presents 
an annual scholar- 
ship of $100 to the 
Southern Industrial 
Institute, at Char- 
lotte, in memory of 
Ward Rogers 
Evans and John 
Wearn, two former 
members of the 
Fifth Company, 
North Carolina 
Coast Artillery, 
National Guard, 
who gave their 
lives in the 
World War. 
Mrs. Isaac Harde- 
man, Jr., 


The Delaware 
County Chapter 
(Chester, Pa.) has 
held its eight regu- 
lar meetings, and 
one special meet- 
ing, also eight 
meetings of Board 
of Management. 

As the object of our Society is to promote 
patriotism and love of country, we have, during 
the past year, endeavored to urge the use of the 
American's creed in the public schools of 
Chester, Media and Swarthmore ; and at 
Christmas we presented a silk American flag 
to the highest grade in the Swarthmore pub- 
lic schools. 

To aid the Valley Forge Museum we pur- 
chased the Valley Forge Christmas cards, and 
sold them to our members. We are proud to 
have our own room in the old Court House in 
Chester, which was restored to its original state 


by our Governor, Hon. Wm. C. Sproul, that 
we have laid stress on raising money to furnish 
it, and this Fall held our first meeting there. 
Through the generosity of our First Vice 
Regent, Miss Denis, we were able to become a 
"Founder" in the Tomassee School of South 
Carolina, $50. being given by her, and $50. being 
taken from our treasury. We also contributed 
$10. to the Laura Haines Cook scholarship. 
We contributed $10. to the Martha Berry school 
in Georgia, but the needs of the school were so 
appealing that our 
faithful friend 
Miss Denis again 
gave in our name 
$25. more, while at 

For the starving 
children in the 
Near East we sub- 
scribed $80., $50. 
given by our regis- 
trar, Mrs. C. Frank 
Williamson, and 
the rest by individ- 
ual members. Ten 
dollars was given 
to aid Daughters 
of the American 
Revolution from 
Pennsylvania who 
are suffering from 
in Arizona. 

We have given 
sixty cents per 
capita for the 
Pilgrim Fountain ; 
Painting for 
France, and the 
Immigrants' Man- 
ual, $5. for the 
Guernsey scholar- 
ship, $10. for the 
Caroline Scott 
Harrison Memorial. 

Our Chapter has been entertained each month 
— Washington's birthday is always remembered 
at our February meeting, and on Memorial Day 
a wreath is placed on John Morton's grave. 

On October 5th we held a delightful "Get 
together" luncheon, and if the Chapter continues 
to be as interested, and each member puts her 
■shoulder to the wheel, our report next year will 
be the best ever given. 

Maria Wilson Stoever, 




Tucson Chapter (Tucson, Ariz.). One of 
the most imposing features of the Tucson, 
Armistice Day celebration, was a large float 
draped in National colors, decorated with 
Arizona palms, and driven by "Uncle Sam" 

historic spots — a permanent evidence of pat- 
riotic service among the early Arizona settlers. 
These "Markers" will serve, a silent proof, of 
heroic endurance on the part of pioneers who 
faced peril when Tucson was but a village 


himself. The float bore the spinning wheel of 
revolutionary distinction, and a Colonial Dame, 
impersonated by Mrs. W. B. Wilson of the 
Tucson Chapter of the Daughter's of the 
American Revolution, formed the central feature. 

The work of the Chapter last year was to 
place in the representative public school of 
Tucson, the Safford, a portrait of Governor 
Safford whose early efforts in the development 
of the city educationally and otherwise, is a 
part of Arizona history. 

Our purpose this year is to place markers on 

surrounded by Indians who sought the town only 
to pillage and kill. 

By careful map study we find that portions 
of the old town wall Still cling to sandy 
moorings, and the four walls have been 
authentically located. The work for this year 
will be to mark these corners. 

Our Tucson Chapter has fourty-one active 
members, and we hope to enlarge our enroll- 
ment substantially before another anniversary. 
Novella Routt Reynolds, 

Acting Historian. 
















The Block Certificate of Descent was en- 
dorsed by the Twentieth and subsequent Con- 
tinental Congresses as a means of liquidating 
the debt on Memorial Continental Hall and 
establishing an endowment fund. 

The Hall having been freed from debt 
through the generosity of the members of the 
National Society, and payment made in full 
for the additional land in the rear of the Hall 
on which to erect an administration building, 
the Twenty-ninth Continental Congress adopted 
the resolution that the money from the sale 

of the Block Certificates be applied, from that 
date, to the new administration building fund 
under the name of the Liquidation and Endow- 
ment Fund. 

The Certificates are sold for one dollar each. 
With the arrangements for transferring, de- 
scendants in the sixth generation will possess 
the autographs of their ancestors. 

In ordering give name, national number and 
number of Revolutionary ancestor. Send all or- 
ders and remittances to the Treasurer General, 
Memorial Continental Hall, Washington, D. C. 




To Contributors — Please observe carefully the following rules: 

1. Names and dates must be clearly written or typewritten. Do not use pencil. 

2. All queries must be short and to the point. 

3. All queries and answers must be signed and sender's address given. 

4. In answering queries give date of magazine and number and signature of query. 

5. Only answers containing proof are requested. Unverified family traditions will not be 

All letters to be forwarded to contributors must be unsealed and sent in blank, stamped 
envelopes accompanied by the number of the query and its signature. The right is reserved 
to print information contained in the communication to be forwarded. 



Memorial Continental Hall, Washington, D. C. 


10331. Dixsmore. — Wanted parentage and 
dates of b, d and m of Adam Dinsmore who 
m Margot Findly and served in War of 1812 
from Erie, Pa. He lived in North East, Pa. 
in 1817 but left before 1832. Wanted the parent- 
age of Wm. Dinsmore who m Isabelle Parker 
Aug. 26, 1788. Also names of their ch. 

(a) Gillett. — Wanted parentage of Jerusha 
Gillett b May 27, 1768 and d May 13, 1842 
at Covington, Genesee Co., N. Y. She m first 
Chauncy Barnes and second Abel Pond of 
Poultney of Vt. in 1806. Did her f have Rev 
rec?— L. H. M. 

10332. Williams. — Wanted gen of Elizabeth 
Whitmell Williams of N. C. who m John John- 
ston and lived in Bertie Co. Was her f in the 
Rev?— R. H. S. 

10333. White-Greene.— William Greene b 
July 29, 1719 m Hannah Tyler in 1745, sup- 
posedly of Uxbridge, Mass. Their dau Mary 
b Nov. 14, 1746 m Josiah White of Menden, 
Mass. Is there Rev ser, mil or civil on 
either line? 

10334. Staats. — Wanted parentage and date 
and place of m of Rebecah Staats who m — 
Goldsborough and was the m of his s Thomas 
and Levi b Feb. 13, 1826 and mother or step- 
mother of Hannah b 1789 in New Castle Co. 
Del. In "account of Del. Wills" p 112 I find 
Rebecah Staats Redman mentioned, could she 
have m Goldsborough for her second husband? 
Wanted specially the name of the m of Dr. 
Levi Goldsborough b 1806 who named his first 


dau Margaret. The family removed from New- 
castle, Dell, to N. Y.— J. C. 

10335. Cross. — Wanted Rev rec of Joseph 
Cross b Long Island, m Abigail Worden b Feb. 
6, 1757. Also her gen. Their dau Huldah b 
Apr. 6, 1799 m Daniel Waters before 1830. 
They moved from N. Y. State to Pa. about 
1834.— M. A. G. A. 

10336. Smith.— Wanted parentage of Mar- 
tin Smith whose first w was Gretchen Sacia 
and second Harriet Perry. He came to Port- 
land, N. Y. from Schoharie Co. in 1809 where 
he kept a tavern, moved to Tonowanda, N. Y. 
in 1820. Also lived in Williamsville June 19, 
1827. Was elevated to degree of Royal Arch 
Masons by Niagara Chapter No. 71, N. Y. 
Wanted also dates and place of b. Authority 
History of Chautauqua Co., N. Y. p. 498 and 
Taylor's History of Portland, Chautauqua Co., 
N. Y. p. 314.— H. A. S. 

10337. Crawford. — Wanted date & place of 
m and place of burial of Wm. Crawford, Rev 
sol. also dates of his w Hannah Vance. — 
V. E. H. 

10338. Andross-Putnam. — Wanted gen. and 
any data of Apphia Putnam who m Samuel 
Andross. Their dau Lucy m Giles Gapron, 
Jan. 12, 1768. Have an old pocket book marked 
" Parks Putnam, this pocket book bought of 
Jonas Putnam, June 30, 1777." Any Putnam 
desc of the above, interested in same, please 
write.— W. H. K. 

10339. Pratt. — David Pratt, who m Elizabeth 
Spaulding, was the s of Thomas Pratt, 1740- 
1829, and his w Caty Cummings. Thomas Pratt 



is buried in N. H. Wanted his parentage and 
Pratt gen.— J. A. B. 

10340. Protsman. — Wanted parentage & Rev 
rec of ances of Jacob Protsman or Protzman 
who m Catherine (Cat)-) Lewis Dec. 5. 1805, 
in Nelson Co., Ky. 

(a) McKinley-Schneider. — Wm. McKinley 
& his w Christina Schneider lived in Fred. Co., 
Md , early in 19th century. Had ch Wm., John, 
Adam & Isabella, who m Funston. Wanted 
Rev rec & any other data on these lines. — R. T. 

10341. Stevens-Stephens. — Wanted gen of 
Elizabeth Stevens, who m Joseph Field, s of 
Joseph, 1st Lieut, at Battle of Bunker Hill. 
Was Elizabeth Stevens a direct desc of Miles 
Standish, of Plymouth?— M. H. I. T. 

10342. Arnold. — Wanted parentage of Ed- 
ward Arnold & names of his bros and sis who 
lived in R. I. He m Mercy Pettibone 1780, ser 
3 yrs in Rev in Col. Angel's Reg., Capt. Olney's 
Co , enlisted at Providence, R. I., was present 
when Gen. Washington took command of 
Amer. forces, fought on both land & sea, was 
with Gen. Washington when Cornwallis sur- 
rendered. Ch Nancy, Esick, Lucy, Molly, 
Samuel, Amy, David, Mercy Lavinia, Sophia, 
Tryphena, Edward & Sabrina. He d in Little 
Falls, N. Y., Oct. 28, 1842, only Rev sol buried 
there. Would like to correspond with any of 
his desc. — M. A. L. 

10343. Blair. — Wanted gen of John Blair, 
Mem. from Va. of U. S. Constitutional Con- 
vention and Signer of the Constitution Sept., 
1787.— F. B. D. 

10344. Clawson. — Wanted gen of Samuel 
Clawson, a Methodist preacher of the Pitts- 
burgh Conference in 1854. 

(a) McCreary. — Wanted any information of 
family of Wm. McCreary, who came from 
Bannock Co., Downs. Ireland, & set in Va. He 
was there in 1718.— R. T. J. 

10345 Porter- Harris. — John Johnson, of 
Roxbury, with w Margery and sons Isaac & 
Humphrey came from Eng. prob in fleet with 
Winthrop, desired admission Oct. 19, 1630, was 
Representative of 1st Court 1634, Surveyor- 
General of arms & ammunition 1638. Isaac, 
eldest s, was m Jan. 20, 1637, to Eliz. Porter, 
who d Dec. 18, 1661 (Roxbury Town Recs). 
Their s Isaac was bapt. according to town recs, 
Jan. 7, 1644, m Mary Harris at Roxbury, Dec. 
26, 1669. Wanted gen of Eliz. Porter & 
Mary Harris. 

(a) Johnson. — Caleb Johnson ser in Rev & 
m Naomi Sutliff in Haddam, Conn., Aug., 1785. 
Wanted Sutliff (Sutlief) gen.— C. J. L. 

10346. Scott.— Wanted gen of Clark Scott, 
who came from New Haven Co., Conn., to 
Delaware Co., O., abt 1832. 

(a) Adams. — Wanted gen of Gilbert (?) 
Adams, who had ch Bartholomew, Gilbert, 

Robert, Moses & Philip. They once lived in 
N. Y.— M. C. S. 

10347. Waters. — Wanted parentage with 
dates & Rev rec of Daniel Waters 1796-1865, 
of Conn., who m Huldah Cross. 

(a) Cross. — Wanted Rev rec of Joseph 
Cross, R. I., who m Abigail Worden or 
Wording in 1786. Wanted also her gen. — 
M. A. G. A. 

10348. Parker.— Wanted maiden name & 
gen of Martha, w of Elisha Parker, of N. Y. 
He served in Rev under Col. Marinus Grey 
& Willitts.— C. C. J. 

10349. Barnhill. — The Barnhill fam came to 
Balto., Md., from Eng. One of the immigrant's 
sons or grandsons went to N. Car. & had ch, 
all of whom went to Ky. & Ohio & were in 
there: Wm. m Ruith Boone; Robt., b 1781, m 

Eliz. Carter; Mary m Burton; John m 

Hannah Russell ; Joseph m Rebecca Hopkins ; 
& James, b 1780, m Hannah Boone. Wanted 
parentage with dates of these ch & Rev rec of 
father.— M. E. D. 


3802. Sehorn. — My grt grandfather John (?) 
Swann m Lydia Katherine Tsehorn or 
Sehorn. According to family traditions the 
family was originally Pennsylvania Dutch, but 
Lydia K. Sehorn was from South Carolina. 
She had four bros — John, Jim, Robert and 
Nicholas, and a sis Malinda. These bros were 
famous Indian fighters, since one of their sisters 
had been killed by the Indians. After Lydia's 
m to John Swann they lived in Tenn., owning 
a plantation on the French Broad river and 
another near Knoxville. It seems probable that 
your Capt. John Sehorn may have been her 
bro or father. If you have heard anything 
more of the fam will be glad if you will share 
it with me. — Mrs. F. M. Fly, Gonzales, Texas. 

6654. Lewis. — There were in the 1790 Census 
of Washington Co., Md., three men named 
Wm. Lewis. One fam I have traced. Wm. 
Lewis m Mary Forkler, and their ch were 
Wayne, Elizabeth & Eliza, who m Mr. 
Rickenbaugh and had desc. Elizabeth m 
George Shryork & her dau Susan m Wm. 
Forkler. If your Wm. Lewis m a Miss Eliza 
Rickenbaugh, it must have been the Eliza men- 
tioned above or her dau. I am very anxious 
to obtain the name of the w of Wm. Lewis, 
also of Hagerstown, Md., who is supposed to 
have been a Rev sol and who was b in Wales. 
His ch were Harry, W., John, Jacob, Kesiah. 
Lana, Daniel and Samuel. Samuel was b 1818 
in Hagerstown m Catherine Suffecool, of 
Chambersburg, Franklin Co., Pa., and their ch 
were Susan, Emelina, Jacob, Malinda and 
Harry. Susan Lewis m Daniel Westfall and had 
ch McLain, Catherine, Davis and Samuel. — 



Mrs. Geo. M. Gibbs, North Platte, Nebraska. 

6659. If M. B. E. will write to Mr. H. C. 
Munger, 1439 St. Paul St., Denver, Colo., he 
can give the desired information, as he has a 
book of the entire Munger family. — Mrs. Oscar 
B. Steely, Pocatello, Idaho. 

8803. Cark. — Scotto Clark had a s Barnabas, 
b March 9, 1743, d Dec. 12, 1831. His s Samuel 
Clark, of Boston, b in Rawson's Lane in 1754 
was at the Latin School in 1766. He m May 19, 
1778, Martha, dau of Obadiah Curtis. At the 
beginning of the Rev War he owned parts of 
several vessels and some real estate in Boston. 
He was Major in one of Gov. Hancock's Regi- 
ments of Boston troops and served with it in 
the Rhode Island campaign in 1778, when it 
acted in cooperation with the French forces 
under the Marquis de La Fayette. These regi- 
ments were in a terrible storm Aug. 12, 1778, 
and Major Clark contracted a severe cold which 
caused lung trouble from which he died Oct. 
15, 1780.— Mrs. Sarah Clark Burdick, 5855 
Trinity Place, West Philadelphia, Pa. 

8811. Wheelock. — Henry Penniman, of 
Mendon & New Braintree, Mass., b 1733, d 1809, 
m April 13, 1769, Experience Wheelock, b 1749, 
d 1807, dau of Josiah Wheelock, b at Mendon, 
Mass., 1725, d Dec. 28, 1794, m Experience 
Clark. Josiah was the s of Obediah Wheelock 
b at Medfield, Mass. Apr. 25, 1685, d 1760, m 
1708 Elizabeth Darling, who was the s of 
Benjamin Wheelock, b Dec. 8, 1639, at Dedham, 
Mass., d Jan. 1, 1684, m 1st, Eliz. Bullen, & 2nd, 
Eliz. French. Benjamin was the s of Ralph 
Wheelock, immigrant in 1637, b Oct. 7. 1563, d 
Sept. 11, 1639. Bred at Cambridge University, 
Eng., took 1st Degree in 1626 & 1631. M 1st, 

Rebecca Wilkinson ; 2nd, Hannah . His 

father, John Wheelock, b in Donington, Shrap- 
shire, Eng., 1513, d March 11, 1595, m Eliza- 
beth Rogers was the s of Humphrey Wheelock, 
buried at Donington, Eng., & his w Margaret 
Winter. Humphrey was the s of Hugh 
Wheelock, b 1450 at Chester, Eng., who m 
Mary, dau of Robert Spellman. — Mrs. Geo. S. 
McParland, 1768 Bedford Road, Columbus, O. 

6684. Montgomery. — From marriages by the 
Rev. John Casper Stoever, Lutheran Minister. 
John Montgomery m Esther Houston at Earl- 
town July 2, 1738 (Egle's Notes and Queries, 
1896, p. 83). On Nov. 9, 1773, John Montgom- 
ery, late of the Province of Pennsylvania, 
received from William Harris and Martha, his 
w, of the Parish of St. Paul's, in the Province 
of Georgia, three certain parcels of land lying 
in Mecklenberg Co., North Carolina, containing 
in all 630 acres, and on the waters of McRees 
Creek. His Will, dated Sept. 13, 1795, pro- 
bated Oct. Term, 1796, mentions his w, name 
not given, sons Samuel, James, Robert and 
John and daus Elizabeth Johnson, Mary Irwin, 

Isabel and Ruth. The executors were Thomas 
Irwin and Nehemiah Harrison. Before Jan- 
uary, 1800, Samuel Montgomery moved to Knox 
County, Tenn., and was still living there in 
1811. In a Deed dated June 25, 1795, Robert 
Montgomery is mentioned as a planter. — Mrs. 
E. L. Montgomery, 309 Chestnut Street, 
Harrisburg, Pa. 

Allen-Hudson. — This record is taken from 
a family Bible in my possession which be- 
longed to my great grandfather Nathaniel 
Allen. Nathaniel Allen and Pamelia Hudson 
were m in 1778. Their ch were Elizabeth, b 
Sept. 11, 1779; Thomas, b July 12, 1781; 
Nathaniel & Pamelia, b Nov. 3, 1783; Sally, b 
Nov. 15, 1786; Nancy & Anphelada, b June 12, 
1788; Susannah Patrick, b Aug. 22, 1791; 
Hudson b Feb. 1, 1793; Polly b Aug. 21, 1795 
Rebecca and Lucy, b Feb. 2, 1798. Nathaniel 
Allen d in 1812 and Pamelia Hudson Allen 
d Feb. 2, 1798. Another dau was b to Nathaniel 
Allen by his second w Feb. 22, 1800; her name 
was Sophia Pamelia Hudson, was related to 
Henry Clay's mother. She had a sis who m 
a Wade & their desc are living in Texas. — Mrs. 
Geo. Berleth, 2017 Fannin St., Houston, Texas. 

9971. Kaufman.— Esther Kauffman, b 1770, 
d 1829, m Andrew Hershey, b 1779, d 1835. 
Ref., Biographical History of Lancaster Co., 
p. 306.— Gen. Ed. 

9974. Seavey. — In the Town Records of 
Pepperellborough, now Saco, Maine, I find the 
following concerning Samuel Seavey : He was 
the s of Stephen and Betsy Seavey and was b 
July 25, 1799. There is no mention of the 
parentage of his father, but in Ridlon's " Saco 
Valley Settlements and Families " I find that 
Betsey Larrabee, dau of Philip and Sallie 
Larrabee, bapt Aug. 26, 1776, and m Stephen 
Seavey, Sept. 30, 1798. Philip Larrabee was b 
presumably in Scarborough, Maine, Mar. 3, 
1744. His w Sallie Smith was from Berwick, 
Maine, and they settled in Scarborough, where 
Philip d Aug. 23, 1823, aged 79 years.— Miss 
Nellie M. Smith, Saco, Maine. 

9989. Shelby— Dr. John H. Wheeler in his 
History of North Carolina, p. 97, under Cleave- 
land Co., tells that its county seat Shelby was 
named after Isaac, s of Gen. Evan Shelby, who 
was b in Maryland, Dec. 11, 1750, and as a 
Lieut, began his career at the mouth of the 
Kenhawha, in Ohio, on Oct. 10, 1774, against 
the Indians. He was made Captain of a 
Minute Co., in Va. July 1776, while absent on 
duties as a surveyor in Ky. 1777 Patrick 
Henry, as Governor of Va. made him Commis- 
sary of Supplies. 1778, he was a member of Va. 
Legislature in Washington Co., & appointed 
Major of an escort of guards to extend the line 
between Va. & N. Car. Engaged in 1780 on the 



land surveying, etc., in Ky. but his residence was 
in N. Car. where he had been appointed by Gov. 
Caswell, Colonel of Sullivan Co. The surrender 
of Charleston aroused his spirit to arms & upon 
arrival in Sullivan, he found that Gen. Charles 
McDowell had requisitioned his aid to check the 
enemy which was entering N. Car. By him he 
was detached with Cols. Sevier & Clarke to sur- 
prise & take a fort on the waters of Pacolet, 
which was done expeditiously. In 1782 he m 
Susannah Hart at Boonesboro, whose father 
was a partner in the Transylvania Land Co., 
Ky., where he moved & became the first 
Governor. General Evan Shelby, his father, a 
Welshman by birth, settled in Maryland, when 
but a lad. He fought as a capt under Braddock, 
but distinguished himself under Gen. Forbes 
in 1758, when he led the advance upon Fort 
Duquesne. He was the first Brig. Gen. (Va.), 
" the first officer of that grade ever appointed 
on the western waters." Note from a deed in 
our Court House (Reg. office) : "Evan Shelby, 
1773, Gentleman of Frederick Co., Va." Dr. 
Wheeler says Brig. Gen. Shelby moved to the 
West in 1772 & in 1774 commanded a company 
against the Indians on the Scioto river and was 
in the battle Oct. 10, 1774, at Kenhawa— 
it was for his service in 1779 — against the 
Chickamaugas on Tenn. river that he was 
appointed Brig. Gen. North Carolina Booklet 
of Jan., 1917, contains an article by Dr. 
Archibald Henderson which says that Gen. 
Evan Shelby was b in Wales in 1720, immigrated 
to Maryland abt 1735 with his parents, Evan 
& Catharine Shelby, & settled in the neighbor- 
hood of Hagerstown, then Frederick Co., but 
removed with his fam to Pa., abt '60's. 
His s Isaac was living 1771 in Western Va. as 
a rancher (he was a s by the 1st w Letitia 
Scott, of Fredericktown, Md.). The father, 
Evan, with sons Isaac, Evan, Moses & James, 
moved to King's Meadows near Bristol, Tenn., 
about 1771. Upon the Sapling Grove plantation 
Evan Shelby built a fort named Shelby's Sta- 
tion & hundreds were sometimes forted during 
the Rev. They kept a store there & it was 
there that Daniel Boone got his supplies for the 
expedition of 1773. His 1st w Letitia Scott 
d in 1777 & was bur at Charlottesville, Va., 
& in later life he m Isabelle Elliott, deeding 
one-third of his estate to her before m. She 
remarried after his d in 1794 aged 74. He was 
bur in Bristol. — Mrs. Minnie G. McCubbm, 
419 S. Main St., Salisbury, N. Car. 

10119. Davidson- Adams.— If N. C. M. will 
write to Mr. A. H. Davidson, 1342 E. 9th St., 
Des Moines, Iowa, who is compiling a Davidson 
gen, he may be able to give her the desired 
information. — Mrs. W. B. Guy. 426 Broadway. 
Saratoga Springs, N. Y. 

10008. Terrell. — In "Some Immigrants to 

Virginia," compiled by W. G. Stanard, Robt, 
Richmond & Wm. Terrell are mentioned. Robt. 
seems to have been the 1st to come over. The 
item reads: "Terrell, Robt. (in Va., 1647), 
York Co., citizen and fishmonger of London. 
Died in London, 1677, bequeathed lands in 
Hampshire. He was the s of Robert Terrell, 
or Tyrrell, of Reading, and great grandson of 
George Tyrrell, of Thornton Hall, Bucks." 
York Records, Va., Magazine of History & 
Biography, vol. 16, pp. 190-192; also the 
Tyrrells or Terrells of America. — Mrs. G. W . 
Tnrnham, 1406 E. Oregon St., Evansville, Ind. 

10028. Younge. — Have some records of the 
Young family who were among the early set- 
tlers of Georgia. Will be glad to correspond 
with you. — Mrs. J. C. Lane, Statesboro, Ga. 

10032. McConnell. — William & Alexander 
McConnell, bros, joined a company organized 
by Robert Patterson & left Fort Pitt, now 
Pittsburgh, in the fall of 1775, for the wilds 
of Kentucky. Wm. was Patterson's subaltern. 
Rauck's History of Lexington says Wm. 
McConnell built the first log cabin, which was 
destroyed, & about a year later Patterson built 
a cabin on the site of Lexington. " Concerning 
the Forefathers," a history published expressly 
for the Patterson family, says Robt. Patterson 
built the first log cabin on site of Lexington. 
Col. J. H. Patterson, President of the National 
Cash Register Co. of Dayton, O., had the log 
cabin of his grandfather moved to Dayton & 
rebuilt just as it stood in Ky. & built a rail 
fence around it, as a relic of his forefathers. 
About 1800, or a little before the McConnell 
bros left Ky., went to Cincinnati & parted there. 
Alexander went up the Miami river & located 
near Franklin, O., and in 1806 moved to Dayton, 
where he d 1821, leaving ch Robert, James 
Lindsay, Alexander and Thomas Jefferson. 
Wm., bro of Alex., went up the Ohio river & 
up the Muskingum river & located in Morgan 
County on what is now the site of McConnells- 
ville, Ohio. — Mrs. Fannie McConnell Lynch, 
1035 5th St., Huron, South Dakota. 

10053. Calvert. — Copied from the family 
records of Richard Taylor, Esq., Norfolk, Va. 
Cornelius Calvert. 1st. was Justice of Norfolk 
Co. from July 18. 1729, to January 17, 1830. 
He was a member of the Common Council, 
Norfolk Borough, & July 7, 1741, was appointed 
member of a committee to " form a law " to 
prevent " all persons, being servants or slaves, 
from purchasing any rum or spirituous liquors 
under two gallons." June 24, 1747, Mr. George 
Abyran & Mr. Nathaniel Portlock were 
appointed Common Councilmen in the room of 
Capt. Cornelius Calvert, deceased. & Mr. 
Peter Dale, resigned. Cornelius Calvert m 
Mary Saunders 29th July, 1719, in Princess Ann 
County, Va. Their ch were Jonathan, b 23 



Sept., 1720, father of the 1st Mrs. King, Barry 
King's grandmother; Maximillian, b 29 Oct., 
1722, father of Mary Calvert, who m James 
Marsden; Cornelius, b 13 March, 1725, father 
of Mary Calvert, who m Wm, Walke ; Thomas, 
b 8 Sept., 1726, father of Mrs. Eliz. Ingraham 
& Mrs. Sarah Martin; Saunders, b Jan., 1728, 
Princess Ann Calverts ; Joseph, b 14 April, 
1732; Wm., b 10 June, 1734, a Tory in the Revo- 
lution (see Hawe's History of Virginia) ; 
Christopher, b 26 Sept., 1736, a distinguished 
officer in the Va. navy in the Rev War (Vide 
Southern Literary Messenger) ; John, b 19 
Sept., 1739, father of Mrs. Richard Taylor; 
Mary, b 31 July, 1741, m Col. Anthony Lamson 
20 June, 1758; Samuel, b 8 Dec, 1743; 
Elizabeth, b 27 Nov., 1745. This is copied 
from " The Whole Duty of Man " in the 
Calvert Family. The will of Cornelius Calvert 
1st is dated 29 May, 1796, proved 18 June, 
1747-8. See Lower Norfolk County, Virginia 
Antiquary, vol. 1, No. 4, pp. 109-114. His w 
Mary Saunders was the dau of the Rev. 
Jonathan Saunders and Mary (widow Ewell, 
who afterwards m Maximilliam Boush). — 
Mrs. Catherine Lindsay Greer, 1401 Linden St., 
Pine Bluff, Ark. 

10105. Thompson. — I am now tracing the 
Thompson family and would be glad to corre- 
spond with you. — Mrs. Julian Lane, States- 
boro, Ga. 

10107 (b) Humphries. — Mary Humphries' 
father must have been Abraham or Richard. I 
am trying to secure the Rev recs of the fam & 
will be glad to hear from you. — Mrs. Julina 
Lane, Statesboro, Ga. 

10109. Herrick. — Stephen Herrick, of Mont- 
gomery, and widow Nancy Ferre, of 
Springfield, m Aug., 1786. Their ch (see 
Montgomery Vital Records) were Sophia, b 
13 Dec, 1786, m int 14 Dec, 1807. Luther 
Gorham; Pamela, b 24 May, 1788, d 25 Jan, 
1804; Margaret, b 23 Apr, 1790, "in West- 
field " ; Stephen, b 16 Aug, 1792, in Westfield, 
m 25 Nov, 1813, Eunice Green ; Eunice, b 27 
June, 1794, in Westfield, m int 9 July, 1815, 
Abner Avery; Henry, b 22 Sept, 1797. Stephen, 
Sr. d 25 July, 1812, in 28th year in Mont- 
gomery. He was the s of Jonathan & Elizabeth 
who resided for a time in Westfield, Mass.— 
Mrs. Jessie A. Porter, 95 Euclid Ave, Spring- 
field, Mass. 

10110. Doolittle. — The following answers 
are taken from " The Doolittles in America," 
pub by Dr. Wm. Doolittle, Cleveland, O. : 
Thankful Doolittle (Isaac, Joseph, Capt. 
Abraham) was the dau of Isaac & Sarah Todd 
Doolittle, b Jan. 21, 1754, who m Capt. Jean 
Trowbridge, New Haven, Conn. 

(2) The ch of Ambrose Doolittle were 
Ambrose, Amos, Martha, Eunice, Abner, 

Samuel and Silas (twins), Reuben, Lely, Mary 
Ann, Eliakim, Lois and Thankful. — Mrs. C. W . 
Woodford, Lake City, Minn. 

10152. Bailey.— In History of Ashfield, 
Mass, p. 54, there is a list of names of men to 
whom rights or lots were given for service. In 
that list is "A 21-2-3-4-5-6-10, etc. Jonathan 
Webb for Herv Baly in ye Right of Sam'l 
Baly" (1739).— Mrs. Jos. A. Bailey, 62 Broad- 
way, Clinton. S. Car. 

10180. Gore.— If the party who wishes 
information of John Gore, of New London and 
Norwich, will write, I think I can furnish them 
what is wanted. — Mrs. Emma L. G. Darrah, 105 
Elm St, Big Rapids, Mich. 

10182. Randall.— John Randall, b 1703, in 
Taunton, North Purchase, d Mar. 16, 1765, in 
Easton. 1st w — a Stacey — no issue; 2d w m 
1732 Experience Willis, b abt 1706, dau of John 
and Mary Brett Willis, of Bridgewater. Their 
oldest ch was Ephraim, b Apr. 12, 1735, d Oct. 
8, 1806. His house was in N. Eastonon. He 
was owner of the grist mill, clerk of the Baptist 
Society, constable & for four yrs one of the 
Selectmen, 1798-1802. Ephraim marched in 
Capt. Abiel Mitchell's Co. " down at the Lex- 
ington Alarm," in April, 1775. He was a 
corp. in Capt. Joshua Wilbore's Co. of Col. 
John Hathaway's Reg. in April, 1777, serving 
23 days, later in same year was in Capt. Shaw's 
Co. of Col. George Williams' Reg. He served 
in 1778 in Capt. Randall's Co. & in 1780 enlisted 
in Capt. Seth Pratt's Co. of Col. James 
Williams' Regt. Notes copied from Ephraim 
Randall's acct. book, show he was a shoemaker 
and storekeeper. Isaac Stokes was a nailer. 
Ephraim Randall m 1st, Mary Blake, of Milton, 
b 1740, d May 10, 1776, dau of Moses & Hannah 
Horton Blake. Their ch were Ziba, b July 11, 
1760, d Mar. 23, 1835; Elijah, b Oct. 14, 1762, 
d Oct. 11, 1766; John, b Apr. 11, 1765, d Aug. 
13, 1837; Hannah, b Aug. 14, 1769, d Feb. 15, 
1800, m Sept. 10, 1789, John Packard 
Stoughton ; Mary, b May 16, 1770, m Sept. 1, 
1793, Isaac Stokes, Jr., went to Maine; Elijah, 
b Nov. 25, 1772, d 1850; Moses, b July 16, 1775, 
d Nov. 11, 1844. Ephraim Randall, m 2d Louise 
Stone, d Nov, 1812. Their ch were, a ch b 
1778, d 1778; Lemuel, b Oct. 1, 1779, d Oct. 11, 
1802 ; Zephaniah, b Sept. 24, 1783, d Jan. 5, 1855 ; 
Mindwell, b Feb. 8, 1786, d June 23, 1870; Caleb, 
b Apr. 8, 1788, d 1813, with camp distemper in 
U. S. service in War of 1812. — Miss Sara E. 
Wilbar, 568 Pleasant St, Bridgewater, Mass. 

10125. Farrow. — John Farrow is not believed 
to have been a Rev sol, but his w Rosannah 
Waters Farrow rendered Rev ser which make 
her desc eligible for membership in the 
D. A. R. A sketch of her life was published 
in the Daughters of the American Revolu- 
tion Magazine twenty years ago. If you will 



write, I will give you the data you wish. I 
am descended from John & Rosamond Farrow's 
eldest s Capt., later Major Thomas Farrow. — 
Mrs. J. IV. Simpson, 515 N. Elm St., Greens- 
boro, N. Car. 

10171. Marshall.— The ch of Col. Wm. 
Marshall, of Mecklenburg Co., Va., who d in 
Henderson Co., Ky., were Bennet, who m Lucy 
Wilson and had 5 ch; Elizabeth m Thos. 
Puryear & had 8 ch; Alice m Jas. Cunningham 
& had 8 ch ; Martha Goode m Francis Lockett 
& had 9 ch ; Phebe m Wm. Bagley & had 5 ch ; 
Nancy m James Shelton & had 5 ch ; Wm. 
Jefferson m Sarah Lyne Holloway & had 4 
ch. — Hon. Starling L. Marshall, Henderson, Ky. 

10207. There was an Oath of Fidelity of 
Connecticut which is given in Conn. Colonial 
Records with list of legislators who signed 
same. There seems to be no complete list of 
Signers published, but you will find those of 
Glastonbury listed in " Glastonbury for 200 
Years" & East Windsor Signers in Vol. 1, 
"History of Ancient Windsor, Conn.," by Henry 
R. Stiles, while the manuscript material in the 
State Library at Hartford includes a list of 
Signers in Derby, Middletown, Union & 
Wallingford. There were many committees of 
Safety, Correspondence & Inspection, etc., also 
memorials & petitions which include names of 
citizens from Groton, Stonington, Newhaven, 
Newfield (Bridgeport), Norwalk, etc., all of 
which prove civil service. — Mrs. F. C. Buckley, 
1511 19th St., Superior, Wis. 

10234. Hindman. — Egle's Notes & Queries, 
Vol. 2, 4th Series, pp. 100-105. Rocky Spring 
Church, James Hindman, private in Capt. 
Matthes' Co., Dec, 1776. James Hindman 
occupied pew 44 in Rocky Spring Church, 1794. 
Wills at Chambersburg, Pa , Court House — 
Robert Hindman. Book A, p. 315 (1794). 
James Hindman, Book B, p. 258 (1805). James 
John Hindman taxables in 1786 in Hami'ton 
Twp., Franklin Co., Pa. Rocky Spring Church 
is in Letterkenny Twp., which adjoins 
Hamilton. For records previous to 1784 apply 
to Court House, Carlisle, Pa. An historical 
sketch of the old Rocky Spring Church in 
Letterkenny Twp. can be secured from the 
Regent of Franklin Co. Chapter, Chambers- 
burg, Pa , price 25 cents. Pa. Arch., 3rd Series, 
Vol. 24, p. 427 — James Hindman took up 200 
acres land, in Lancaster Co., Pa., in 1738. This 
will probably be found to be in what is now 
Hamilton Twp., Franklin Co., Pa. Write to 
Office of Internal Affairs, Harrisburg, Pa., to 
verify the above. — Mrs. C. F. Fendrick, 
Mercersburg, Pa. 

10240. Skelton. — John Skelton's name ap- 
pears in Solebury Twp., Bucks Co., Pa. Penna. 
Arch. Series 5, Vol. 5, p. 382, and elsewhere in 
the same vol. in other Solebury lists. This 

name appears in the Census of 1790, same twp. 
— Ezra M. Kuhns, Dayton, O. 

10120. Crane. — Benjamin Crane, b abt 1740, 
was the s of John, the s of Azariah, the s of 
Jasper Crane, who was one of the original set- 
tlers of New Haven, Conn., abt 1639, and with 
Robert Treat, of Newark, N. J., in 1664. This 
Benjamin Crane m Phebe Meeker & moved 
to Amsterdam, N. Y., early in the history of 
the place, probably abt 1790. He was a black- 
smith & was b near Craneville, Montgomery 
Co., N. Y. He had 7 ch, David being the 5th 
ch, b abt 1777. This David m Dec. 4, 1797, 
Electa Riggs and settled at Crane Village abt 
1791. His 1st ch, John S., b Oct. 20, 1790, m 

Margaret of New York City, & had one 

ch, Electa. Azariah Crane m a dau of Robert 
Treat, of Charter Oak fame, these two with 
Jasper Crane being among the first settlers of 
Newark, N. J., but Treat went back to Conn., 
where he became Governor of the Colony. — 
Mrs. Geo. A. Pearce, Abilene, Texas. 

10139c. Fargeson.— William Pendleton, 1748- 
1817, s of Capt. Nathaniel Pendleton, Sr., of the 
Rev, m 1770 Elizabeth Fargeson, dau of Capt. 
Samuel Fargeson, of the Culpepper Rev mil, & 
granddaughter of Samuel Fargeson, Sr., who 
d 1772. There was also a James Fargeson, the 
name having been spelled several ways in the 
old records, in this Culpepper fam, one branch 
of which settled in Ky., & Samuel Fargeson, 
3rd, d in Jefferson Co., Ky., in 1817, the same 
year as his brother-in-law, William Pendleton. — 
/. B. Nicklin, Jr., 516 Poplar St., Chatta- 
nooga, Tenn. 

10250. Salisbury. — One of the ch of Job 
Salisbury, who lived in Newport, Herkimer 
Co., was Stephen, who m Hannah Gage, b 
Sept. 27, 1792, at Pittstown, & d June 3, 1843. 
Their ch were Henry, Stephen, Hannah and 
Joseph Moses. Hannah Gage was the dau of 
Moses Gage, b Apr. 11, 1768, d Apr. 6, 1843, at 
Norway, N. Y., and his w, Sarah Slauson, b 
Dec. 5, 1772, d March 14, 1863, whom he m 
at Salem, Westchester Co., N. Y. Sarah 
Slauson Gage was the dau of Stephen Slauson, 
a Rev sol from Westchester Co. George, 
father of Moses Gage, was b July 9, 1740, m 
Sarah Adams, of Mass. George Gage joined 
the mil in Dutchess Co., N. Y., April 14, 1760, at 
the age of 25, under Capt. Richard Rea. (Pro- 
vincial Records.) He later removed to Dorset, 
Vt., where he was one of the first settlers in 
1768. He was constable & in 1776 enlisted in 
the cause of Independence. He next removed 
to Pittstown, N. Y., after 1785, & his name 
appears on the list of officers elected at the first 
meeting held in April, 1789, Renssalear Co. 
Hist. He d May 4, 1806. His obituary 
occurred in a paper called " The Northern 



Budget," published at Troy, May 13, 1806, an 
extract of which is as follows : " At Pittstown, 
in the 66th year of his age, Mr. George Gage. 
In an early period of the Revolutionary strug- 
gle, Mr. Gage was known as the friend of 
Republicanism. He was a soldier of 76, and 
as such his name deserves to be enrolled on the 
living tablet of American Independence." The 
ch of George and Sarah Adams Gage were : 
Elizabeth, m 1st Cornelius Smith, 2nd Dr. 
Randall; James b May 30, 1766, m Eunice 
Watkins, & he d in Painesville, Ohio; Moses 
b April 11, 1768, m Sarah Slauson ; Hannah 
m John Purdy ; Rebecca m Boswell or Roswell 
Burnham ; Lemuel b 1775, m Rosanna Sherman ; 
Daniel David b Sept. 3, 1777, m Abigail Gates, 
of Hoosick Falls, N. Y., he d in Detroit, Mich., 
Aug. 21, 1819; Eli; Charlotte Carr b Apr. 22, 
1787, at Pittstown m June 15, 1806, Israel 
Sloan, Jr., formerly of Rindge, N. H. In 1807 
they removed to Pompey, N. Y. Charlotte d 
Oct. 20, 1879, & Israel d Nov. 18, 1855. The 
ch of Moses & Sarah Slauson Gage were : 
Hannah, b Sept. 27, 1792, at Pittstown, m 
Stephen Salisbury, of Waterville, N. Y. ; Lydia, 
b August 15, 1796, in Norway, m Anson 
Crosby; Charlotte, b April 8, 1799, m Roland 
Ash; Stephen Judson, b June 9, 1802, m 1st 
Eliza Lobdell, 2nd Caroline M. Gage; Nelson, 
b May 3, 1806, d Dec. 24, 1818 ; Lorenzo Dow, 
b Sept. 7, 1812, d March 25, 1890, unmarried. 
Record found in Norway Tidings, Oct., 1887; 
Gage Gen. ; Tombstones in Norway, Conn. ; 
Wills and Papers in Troy Library; Z. Thomp- 
son Gazeteer as to Dorset, Vt. — Mrs. Olive 
H. H. Lash, Benton Harbor, Mich. 

10121. Keyser. — In the Records of the 
Huguenot and Dutch Church at New Paltz, 
is found the following : "In 1755 Nicholas 
Keyser and Anna Wieler were witnesses at the 
baptism of Nicholas, ch of Joseph Griffen and 
Margarita Wieler. Other ch of Joseph 
Griffen and Margarita Wieler were Margrite, 
b May 1, 1757, m Josia Terwillyir; Ben- 
jamin, b Oct. 16, 1759, Catrin, b Feb. 14, 1762, 
Rachel, b July 8, 1764, Maria, b Dec. 26, 1766 
and John (Johannes), b Oct. 3, 1771. Decem- 
ber 13, 1790, Anatje Keyser was witness at 
baptism of Anatje, ch of Evert Shirter and 
Grietjy Keyser. This may indicate that the 
death of Nicholas had occurred. These records 
are in Vol. 3, of Holland Society Collections. 
Thtere were Wheelers and Griffins over the 
line around Redding, Conn. — Mrs. Burton A. 
Crane, 517 West 10th St., Erie, Pa. 

10277. Sitton. — Joseph Sitton was b in Vir- 
ginia, Oct. 15, 1745 and m Diana Beck, b in Pa. 
He d in Lincoln Co., Missouri Feb. 8, 1832 
and is bur in Bryant's Creek Cemetery in Lin- 
coln Co., Missouri and a marker is terected at 
his grave. Diana Beck Sitton, b May 14, 1749 

d in Lincoln Co., Mo. Feb. 8, 1842. Their ch 
were John Sitton, b Oct. 9. 1767, m Rhoda 
Smith; Jeffrey, b Dec. 1, 1769, m Mary Bestick; 
Joseph, b Jan. 10, 1772, not m; Phillip, b Mar. 
7, 1774, m Eleanor Gibson; Lydia, b April 16, 
1776, m Joshua King; William, b April 26, 
1778, m Annie Gray; Thomas, b Nov. 13, 1780, 
m Nancy Boze; Jessie, b Mar. 11, 1783, m 
Sallie Naney; Lawrence, b Dec. 12, 1785, m 
1st Rachel Steele Gibson, 2nd, Patsy Thomp- 
son, 3rd Nancy Martin & 4th Martha Ann 
Moseley ; Diana, b Jan. 1, 1788, m James Gib- 
son; Jehu, b Sept. 4, 1790; Salome, b Oct. 5, 
1793, m Guyen Ginson. Joseph Sitton was a 
soldier in the Rev. The foregoing data 
was originally received from Mrs. Zera Sitten 
Teters, 2308 Hill Cr'est Drive, West Adams 
Heights Los Angeles, Cal. & she has other in- 
formation of the Sitton family. In the Sitton 
Family Bible is the following ; John Sitton came 
from Scotland, his s John, b in N. Y. His s 
Joseph Sitton, b in Va. Joseph Sitton's mother 
was Elizabeth Pindtell, b of English parents, 
in America. From the foregoing it appears 
that Thomas Sitton who m Nancy Boze, was 
not a s but a bro of John Sitton. Dates agree 
on birth of John but Thomas was b 1780 not 
1786.— Mrs. C. R. Hinkle, Lake Shore Drive, 
Saint Joseph, Mich. 

10293. Scott. — James Scott of Ulster Co., 
N. Y., m 1801 Hannah Kyster and had at least 
one ch baptised in New Paltz Church. His 
father's name might be obtained from same 
source. This record is in Vol. 3, Holland His- 
torical Collections. You might try the family 
of Peter Scott who m Thankful Buck, Feb. 2, 
1742, at Rhinebeck Dutchess Co., N. Y.— 
Mrs. B. A. Crane, 517 West 10th St., Erie, Pa. 

10293a. Gage.— Polly Gage, b at Bradford, 
Mass. Nov. 13, 1779 m at Bradford, April, 
1797, Joshua Buswell, b April 5, 1774. She 
d at Methuen, Mass., May 1, 1836. She was the 
dau. of Peter and Molly Webster Gage ; gr dau 
of Major Benjamin and Priscilla Poor Gage; 
gt. gr. dau. of Lieut. Benjamin and Rebecca 
Mullicken Gage. Can give dates and Rev. ser 
of this family, if desired. — Mrs. S. B. Carrow, 
5 Stevens St., Methuen, Mass. 

10300. — Commodore Oliver Hazard Perry, b 
Narragansett, R. I. Aug. 23, 1785, d on U. S. 
ship Aug. 23, 1819. He m May 5, 1811 at 
Newport, Elizabeth Champlin Mason, b at New- 
port Feb. 12, 1791, d Feb. 11, 1858. Commo- 
dore Perry was the s of Christopher Raymond 
Perry m Sarah Wallace Alexander; gr. s of 
Freeman Perry and Mercy Hazzard ; gt. gr. s 
of Benjamin Perry and Susanna Barber; and 
gt. gt. gr. s of Edward Perry who m Mary 
Freeman dau of Edmund Freeman. Mercy 
Hazzard Perry was the dau of Oliver Hazzard 
and Elizabeth Raymond, who was the s of 



George Hazzard and Penelope Arnold, who was 
the s of Robert Hazard and Mary Brownell. 
Elizabeth Raymond Hazard was the dau of 
Joshua Raymond and his w Elizabeth Christo- 
phers, and Joshua was the s of Joshua Raymond 
and Mercy Sands. Elizabeth Christophers was 
the dau of John Christophers and Elizabeth Mul- 
ford. Elizabeth Champlin Mason Perry was 
the dau of Benjamin Mason and Margaret 
Champlin; Benjamin (5) was the s of Ben- 
jamin Mason (4) and Mary Ayrault; Benja- 
min (4) was the s of Benjamin (3) Mason 
and Elizabeth Scolley ; Benjamin (3) Mason 
was the s of John (2) Mason and Sarah Pep- 
per; and John (2) Mason was the s of Robert 
(1) Mason. Margaret Champlin Mason was 
the dau of Christopher (4) Champlin and Mar- 
garet Grant; Christopher (4) was the s of 
Christopher (3) Champlin and Hannah Hill ; 
Christopher (3) was the s of Christopher (2) 
Champlin and Elizabeth Dennison ; and Chris- 
topher (a) was the s of Christopher Cham- 
plin. Elizabeth Denison Christopher was the 
dau of George Denison and Mercy Gorham 
dau of Captain John Gorham and Desire How- 
land. Desire Howland was the dau of John 
Howland and Elizabeth Tilley who came in the 
Mayflower. — D. Edith Wallbridge Carr, 919 
Vine St., Scranton, Pa. 

10300. Perry-Tucker. — For ancestors and 
family connections of O. H. Perry of War of 
1812. see "The Perrys of Rhode Island" by 
Rev. C. B. Perry, D. D., also the "Hazard 
Genealogy" by Mrs. Caroline E. Robinson. The 
"Clark Family Genealogy" by A. W. Clark, 
D. S. Can anyone give me the names of the 
eight ch of Stephen Perry whose mother was 
a Hazard? He m 1st Elizabeth Borden, dau 
of Abraham and 2nd Sarah Whitfield. — Mrs. 
J. S. Benjamin, East Marion, Suffolk Co., N. Y. 

10303. Anderson. — Richard Anderson of 
Amelia and Pittsylvania Counties, Va., m Jane 
Foster of Amelia Co. Their s Frank or 
Francis m Sallie Mottley of Pittsylvania Co. 
They had a s Patrick who m Fannie Chandler 
of Halifax Co. and moved to Lebanon, Tenn., 
and their s Joseph Mottley Anderson m Mary 
Dixon Sypert of Lebanon. I have the names 
of the ch of Richard and Jane Foster Ander- 
son and of Frank and Sallie Mottley Ander- 
son, and am trying to get their dates. — Mrs. 
H. C. Anderson, Amity, Arkansas. This query 

was also partly answered by Mrs. Sam Mad- 
dux, 906 A. Ave., Lauton, Okla., who says 
her great grandmother was Polly Eaton, b 
February 25, 1778, m William Smith, Jan. 1, 
1795 and d Sept. 2, 1851 in New Middleton, 
Tenn. The Eatons were originally from Va., 
and tradition says they were political exiles 
from Wales. 

10313. Ford.— Jacob Ford, Jr., b Feb. 10, 
1738 d Jan. 11, 1777. He m Jan. 27, 1762, 
Theodosia Johnes. He was the s of Jacob 
Ford, Sr., b April 13, 1704 at Woodridge, N. J. 
and d Jan. 19, 1777. He m about 1732 Hannah 
Balwin b Nov. 1701 and d July 31, 1777. Jacob 
Ford, Jr., was Colonel of Eastern Battalion of 
Morris County, New Jersey Militia. He was 
also Commanding Colonel of a battalion of 
New Jersey State Troops. He d of pneumonia 
at Morristown, N. J., Jan. 10, 1777, brought 
on by exposure while repelling the incursions 
of the British the month previous, and was. 
bur with military honors, by order of General 
Washington. His residence in Morristown, is 
now the historic building known as Washing- 
ton's Headquarters. He built a powder mill 
for the use of the American army. (N. J. Arch. 
2nd Series, vol. 1. p. 121). It is believed that 
Jacob Ford, Sr.. built in 1774 the house after- 
wards occupied by his s. He was seventy-one 
years old when the Rev. started and was there- 
fore too old for service. Would like to have 
any information of this family after 1775. 
Mary Ford m William Douglas about 1848 
and settled in Va.— Mrs. W . D. Topley, 134 
Melwood Ave., Cherrydale, Va. This query 
is also answered very fully by Mrs. P. J. Mc- 
Hugh, Fort Collins, Colorado, who adds addi- 
tional information as follows : Jacob Ford, Jr., 
m Theodicia dau of Rev. Timothy Johnes, and 
their ch were Timothy, Gabriel H., Elizabeth, 
Jacob and Phebe. She also gives the Rev. rec 
of Jacob Ford, Sr., which rec has been accepted 
by the N. S. D. A. R. Jacob Ford, Sr., b in 
Woodbridge 1704 d in Morristown, 1777, was 
"Judge of the County Court and Member of 
the Committee of Grievances 1775." see Line- 
age Book of the D. A. R. Vol. 29, p. 276. For 
Jacob Ford Jr.'s rec see Lineage Book Vol. 22 
p. 307. Father and s lie side by side in the 
older portion of th'e cemetery of the First 
Presbyterian Church of Morristown. 




In this Honor Roll the list of membership in each State is shown in the 
outer rim, and the list of subscribers according to States is in the inner circle 


The Magazine also has subscribers in 


Pennsylvania at this date of publication 
leads all States with 1278 subscribers 


Special Meeting, December 20, 1921 

SPECIAL meeting of the National 
Board of Management for the 
admission of members and authoriza- 
tion and confirmation of chapters was 
called to order by the President 
General, Mrs. George Maynard 
Minor, in the Board Room of Memo- 
rial Continental Hall, Tuesday, December 20, 
1921, at 10.05 a.m. 

The members of the Board joined with the 
President General in repeating the Lord's Prayer. 
In the absence of Mrs. Yawger, the Corre- 
sponding Secretary General, was requested to 
act as Secretary pro tern. 

The following members responded to the 
roll call : National Officers : Airs. Minor, Mrs. 
Morris, Mrs. Hodgkins, Mrs. Elliott, Mrs. 
Hanger, Miss Strider, Mrs. Hunter, Mrs. 
White; State Regents, Mrs. St. Clair, Mrs. 
Denmead, Mrs. Young. 

The President General reported the death of 
Miss Sue M. Young who, up to the date of her 
resignation January 12, 1920, had served the 
National Society for twenty-five years, having 
charge of the membership certificates. Mrs. 
Morris moved that resolutions of sympathy be 
sent to the relatives of Miss Young, and that 
the Board express its appreciation of the long 
and faithful services of Miss Young. This was 
seconded by Mrs. St. Clair and carried. 
Miss Strider read her report as follows : 

Report of Registrar General 

Madam President General and Members of the 
National Board of Management : 
I have the honor to report 1325 applications 
for membership. 

Respectfully submitted, 

(Miss) Emma T. Strider, 
Registrar General. 
Miss Strider moved that the Secretary cast 
the ballot for 1325 members of the Society. 
Seconded by Mrs. White and carried. The 
Secretary pro tern announced the casting of the 
ballot and the President General declared these 
1325 applicants elected as members of the 
National Society. 

The Treasurer General reported applications 
for reinstatement of 75 members and moved 

that the 75 members be reinstated and that the 
Secretary be instructed to cast the ballot for 
these 75 members. This was seconded by Mrs. 
Morris and carried. The Secretary announced 
the casting of the ballot and the President 
General declared these former members rein- 
stated. Mrs. Hunter reported also 151 resig- 
nations, and the loss to the Society through 
death of 263 members. The Board stood in 
silent memory of these departed members. 
Mrs. Hanger then read her report. 

Report of Organizing Secretary General 

Madam President General and Members of the 
National Board of Management : 

I have the honor to report as follows : 

Through their respective State Regents the 
following members at large are presented for 
confirmation as Organizing Regents : Mrs. 
Ona F. Drake, Afankato, Kans. ; Mrs. Grace L. 
Snyder, Salina, Kans. ; Mrs. Ina S. Walker, 
Galesburg, Mich. ; Mrs. Mary A. Keefe, 
Braymer, Mo. ; Mrs. Mayme Stoetzel Cook, 
Cozart, Nebr. ; Mrs. Annie Mae Myers McNeill, 
Cushing, Okla. : Airs. Jessie Almira Adams, 
Wynnewood, Okla. : Mrs. Frankie Williamson, 
Duncan, Okla. ; Airs. Frances Shaw Goff, Aladi- 
son, S. D. ; Mrs. Renick F. Ansell, San Alarcos, 
Texas; Mrs. Edith Simpson Nevins Adams, 
Anacortes, Wash.; Mrs. Aladge Rhodius, 
Sedro-Wooley, Wash.; Airs. Fenton Alorris 
Brown, Pratt-on-Kanawha, W. Va. 

Authorization is requested of the follow- 
ing chapters : 

Cairo. Carlyle, Hillsboro, Kankakee, Marion, 
Monticello, Nashville, Odell, Pana, Petersburg 
and Wilmette, Illinois, Pratt and Kansas, 
Fredericksburg, Hollins and Rio, Virginia. 

The resignation of Mrs. Maud Adams, as 
Organizing Regent at Galesburg, Alichigan, has 
been reported by the State Regent of Michigan. 

The following Organizing Regencies have 
expired by time limitations : 

Mrs. Addah K. Searce, Orland, Cal.; Airs. 
Annie M. Hicks, Amelia, Ohio. 

The State Regent of Arkansas, requests 
official disbandment of the "Robert Nelson" 
Chapter of Lamar, Arkansas, on account of 
the depletion in resident members. 




The State Regent of Pennsylvania requests 
the location of the Chapter forming at 
Towanda, Mrs. Jerome Neiley being the 
Organizing Regent, be changed to Standing 
Stone, Pa. 

The following chapters have reported organ- 
ization since the last Board meeting: 

Chapter at Pacific Grove, Cal.; " Sacra- 
mento'' at Sacramento, Cal. : "Sylvester'' at 
Sylvester, Ga. ; Chapter at Warrenton, Ga. ; 
" Hearthstone " at Fontanelle, Iowa ; " Olathe " 
at Olathe, Kans. ; "Jean Torrence" at Ithaca, 
Mich.; "Genoa" at Genoa, Neb.; "Cornelius 
Harnett " at Dunn, N. C. ; " Abraham Clark " at 
Roselle, N. J. ; " Lawton," Lawton, Okla. ; 
"Bedford" at Bedford, Penna. ; "Dr. Benja- 
min Rush " at Narberth, Penna. ; " Lucy 
Meriwether" at Larado, Texas; ."Black's 
Fort" at Abingdon, Va. ; "Fort Loudoun" at 
Winchester, Va. 

Respectfully submitted, 
(Mrs. G. Wallace W.) Lucy Galt Hanger, 
Organising Secretary General. 

There being no objection, the report was 

The Treasurer General called attention to the 
fact that the representation of chapters to- 
Congress was based upon the paid up member- 
ship February 1st, and she therefore moved 
that the President General call a special meeting 
late in January to admit new members, reinstate 
old members, and approve new chapters. 
This was seconded by Mrs. Hanger and carried. 

Mrs. Hunter reported that she had the name 
of one more member who wished to be rein- 
stated and moved that this member be rein- 
stated and that the Secretary be instructed to 
cast the ballot for this one member. Seconded 
by Mrs. St. Clair and carried. The Secretary 
announced the casting of the ballot and the 
President General declared this former mem- 
ber reinstated. 

After the reading of the minutes, on motion,, 
the meeting adjourned at 10.50 a.m. 

Lily Tyson Elliott, 
Secretary, pro tern. 


Volumes 57, 58 and 59 of the Lineage 
Books are now ready for distribution. 
Price, $3 per volume, including postage. 
Chapters and members desiring 

copies can procure same by sending 
their orders with remittance to the 
Treasurer General, N.S.D.A.R., Memo- 
rial Continental Hall, Washington, D. C. 





President General 

Mrs. George Maynard Minor, 

Memorial Continental Hall, Washington, D. C. 

Vice Presidents General 
(Term of office expires 1922) 
^Mrs. William H. Wait, Mrs. William D. Sherrerd, 

1706 Cambridge Road, Ann Arbor, Mich. Highland Ave., Haddonfield, N. J. 

Mrs. Isaac Lee Patterson, Mrs. James Lowry Smith, 

Eola Road, Salem, Ore. Amarillo, Tex. 

Miss Alethea Serpell, Mrs. Frank W. Bahnsen, 

902 Westover Ave, Norfolk, Va. 1720 22d St., Rock Island, 111. 

Miss Louise H. Coburn, Skowhegan, Me. 

(Term of office expires 1923) 
Mrs. Cassius C. Cottle, Mrs. Charles S. Whitman, 

2272 Harvard Boulevard, Los Angeles, Calif. 54 East 83d St., New York, N. Y. 

Mrs. Edward Lansing Harris, Mrs. Henry McCleary, 

6719 Euclid Ave., Cleveland, Ohio. McCleary, Wash. 

Mrs. James T. Morris, Mrs. Anthony Wayne Cook, 

2101 Blaisdell Ave., Minneapolis, Minn. Cooksburg, Pa. 

Mrs. Edward P. Schoentgen, 407 Glenn Ave., Council Bluffs, la. 

(Term of office expires 1924) 
Mrs. John Trigg Moss, Mrs. C. D. Chenault, 

6017 Enright Ave., St. Louis, Mo. Lexington, Ky. 

Mrs. Benjamin D. Heath, Miss Catherine Campbell, 

Heathcote, Charlotte, N. C. 316 Willow St., Ottawa, Kan. 

Mrs. Lyman E. Holden, Mrs. Albert L. Calder, 2nd, 

8 Park Place, Brattleboro, Vt. 226 Blackstone Boulevard, Providence, R. I. 

Mrs. Howard L. Hodgkins, 1830 T St., Washington, D. C. 

Chaplain General 

Mrs. Selden P. Spencer, 

2123 California St., N. W., Washington, D. C. 

Recording Secretary General Corresponding Secretary General 

Mrs. John Francis Yawger, Mrs. A. Marshall Elliott, 

Memorial Continental Hall. Memorial Continental Hall. 

Organizing Secretary General Registrar General 

Mrs. G. Wallace W. Hanger, Miss Emma T. Strider, 

Memorial Continental Hall. Memorial Continental Hall. 

Treasurer General Historian General 

-Mrs. Livingston L. Hunter, Miss Jenn Winslow Coltrane, 

Memorial Continental Hall. Memorial Continental Hall. 

Reporter General to Smithsonian Institution 
Miss Lillian M. Wilson, 
Memorial Continental Hall. 
Librarian General Curator General 

Mrs. Frank D. Ellison, Mrs. George W. White, 

Memorial Continental Hall. Memorial Continental Hall. 







639 Walnut St.. Gadsden. 

110 N. Conception St., Mobile. 




394 N. 3rd St., Phoenix. 



2005 Scott St., Little Rock. 

817 W. 5th Ave., Pine Bluff. 



269 Mather St., Oakland. 
1240 W. 29th St., Los Angeles. 



803 Spruce St., Boulder. 
1145 Logan St., Denver. 









1319 T. St., N. W., Washington. 

119 5th St., N. E., Washington. 


143 S. E. 2nd St., Miami. 

233 W. Duval St., Jacksonville. 



305 14th Ave., CortDELE. 




The Courtland Hotel, Honolulu. 



Box 324, Gooding. 

421 2nd Ave., E., Twin Falls. 


Grand View Ave., Peoria. 




1011 N. Penn St., Indianapolis. 

3128 Fairfield Ave., Fort Wayne. 



" Fairhill," Sheldon. 
State Centre. 



" Riverside," Wichita. 



539 Garrard St., Covington. 




2331 Chestnut St., New Orleans. 



282 Main St., Waterville. 
122 Goff St., Auburn. 



2224 N. Calvert St., Baltimore. 
2004 Maryland Ave., Baltimore. 



25 Bellevue Ave., Melrose. 
Pinehurst, Concord. 


1012 W. Main St., Kalamazoo. 


143 Lafayette Ave., N. E., Grand Rapid**. 



1906 Kenwood Parkway, Minneapolis. 
1126 Summit Ave., St. Paul. 




850 N. Jefferson St., Jackson. 







420 S. Idaho St., Dillon. 

814 S. Central Ave , Bozeman. 



1731 L St., Lincoln. 







448 Ridge St., Newark. 

1308 Watchung Ave., Plainfield. 









8 Lafayette St., Albany. 

269 Henry St., Brooklyn. 




810 N. Tryon St., Charlotte. 



Valley City. 

300 8th St., S. Fargo. 


Church and Kino Sts., Xenia. 

431 N. Detroit St., Kenton. 



903 Johnstone Ave., Bartlesville. 

231 S. 13th St., Muskogee. 



8 St. Helen's Court, Portland. 
807 S. Ferry St., Albany. 



State College. 

IIadston, Linden Ave., Pittsburgh. 




4 Summit St., Pawtucket. 



St. Matthews. 



12% 5th Ave.. N. W, Aberdeen. 
Sioux Falls. 



316 West Cumberland St., Knoxville. 

1092 E. Moreland Ave., Memphis. 



1313 Castle Court Blvd., Houston. 




36 H St., Salt Lake City. 

S20 E. 4th South St., Salt Lake City. 




302 Pleasant St., Bennington. 



915 Orchard Hill, Roanoke. 



1804 15th Ave., Seattle. 

724 7th St., Hoquiam. 



100 12th St., Wheeling. 



4001 Highland Park. Milwaukee 

330 S. 6th St., La Crosse. 







Shanghai, China. 
Manila, Philippine Islands. 



Honorary Presidents General 


Honorary President Presiding 

Honorary Chaplain General 

Honorary Vice Presidents General 




J. E. Caldwell & Co. 


Official Jewelers and Stationers 

of The N. S. D. A. R. 

Since Its Foundation 

D. A. R. Emblems 

Ancestral Bars 

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Catalog of Insignia Mailed Upon Request 

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VOL. LVI, No. 3 

MARCH, 1922 

WHOLE No. 355 


HE closing session of the Con- 
ference on the Limitation of 
Armament, like the first plenary 
meeting, was held in beauti- 
ful Memorial Continental Hall, 
Washington, on Monday, Feb- 
ruary 6, 1922. It was both impressive 
and simple. The final business session 
had been held in the Hall on the Saturday 
previous, and the delegations had assem- 
bled for the ceremonies attending the 
signing of the treaties and the closing 
address by the President of the United 
States. The auditorium of Memorial 
Continental Hall was filled with high 
officials of this and other governments and 
the invited guests. In the boxes over- 
looking the stage were Mrs. Warren G. 
Harding, Mrs. Calvin Coolidge, Mrs. 
Charles E. Hughes, Mrs. Frederick H. 
Gillett, Madame Jusserand, Lady Geddes, 
and Mrs. George Maynard Minor. 

The atmosphere was one of gratifica- 

tion following great achievement and high 
hope for the future. 

The central figures in the ceremonies 
were President Harding, who initiated the 
conference through his call to the nations, 
and the Secretary of State, Hon. Charles 
E. Hughes, upon whose shoulders de- 
volved the task of putting it through. 

The Nine Powers assembled, through 
their accredited representatives, signed the 
treaties looking to the limitation of arma- 
ment and to the eradication of war spots 
in the Far East. There was generous 
and appreciative applause for all the 
participants in the conference. 

Amid applause Secretary Hughes an- 
nounced that the Shantung treaty between 
Japan and China was signed Saturday. 

"The treaties will now be signed", an- 
nounced Secretary Hughes, and the 
American delegation filed around to the 
foot of the big green-topped table to the 
secretariat general's desk inside the in- 
closure and commenced signing. 


y - 

5- "" 
5 t- 

h 3 



Secretary Hughes completed his signa- 
ture at 10:12 o'clock. 

The signing was in this order: The 
United States, Belgium, Great Britain, 
France, Italy, Japan, the Netherlands, 
China and Portugal. 

The signing of the last of the docu- 
ments was completed by the American 
delegation at 10:16 a.m. 

To save time the red wax seals had 
been affixed previously and conference 
attaches standing at the elbows of the 
delegates pointed where each was to write 
his name. 

Belgium was next, and Baron de 
Cartier, the only Belgian delegate, took 
his place as Elihu Root arose from the 
table. He had two treaties to sign — the 
general far eastern and the Chinese tariff. 

The seven British delegates headed by 
Mr. Balfour signed next. They affixed 
signatures to all five of the documents. 
Mr. Balfour signed at 10:22 o'clock. 
There was prolonged applause as; the 
British delegates marched around to the 
signing place. 

At 10 :32 o'clock the Chinese succeeded 
the British at the table and began signing. 
China is party only to the far eastern and 
tariff treaties and her three delegates 
finished signing them at 10 :35. 

Albert Sarraut and Jules Jusserand, the 
only two French delegates remaining in 
Washington, followed the Chinese and 
finished signing the treaties and the sup- 
plements where France is concerned 
at 10:38. 

Senator Schanzer, Ambassador Ricci 
and Senator Albertini for Italy had four 
treaties but no supplements to sign. They 
completed at 10 :42 a.m. 

To the accompaniment of a roar of 
applause the three Japanese delegates 
filed around to the table. Baron Kato 
signed first, finishing at 10:44, Baron 
Shidehara and Vice Foreign Minister 

Hannihara followed, each signing his 
name to all five documents. 

President Harding arrived while the 
Japanese were signing, but waited in 
a cloak room for the ceremony to be 

Minister De Beaufort and Jonkheer 
Van Blokland, the two delegates of the 
Netherlands, finished signing at 10 :49. 
Their government was party only to the 
two far eastern treaties. 

Viscount d'Alte and Capt. Vasconcel- 
loas, the Portuguese delegates, also had 
but two treaties to sign, and they finished 
at 10:52^. That ended the signing. 

President Harding then entered the 
auditorium. Upon his appearance the 
audience and delegates rose and applauded 
for half a minute, while the President 
bowed his appreciation. Without an in- 
troduction the President began his ad- 
dress. As he read slowly from his man- 
uscript, he was frequently halted by 
bursts of applause. 

The text of the President's address 
follows : 

Mr. Chairman and Members of the Conference : 

Nearly three months ago it was my privilege 
to utter to you sincerest words of welcome to 
the Capital of our republic, to suggest the 
spirit in which you were invited and to intimate 
the atmosphere in which you were asked to 
confer. In a very general way, perhaps, I 
ventured to express a hope for the things 
toward which our aspirations led us. 

Today it is my greater privilege and an 
even greater pleasure to come to make 
acknowledgment. It is one of the supreme 
compensations of life to contemplate a worth- 
while accomplishment. 

It cannot be other than seemly for me, as 
the only chief of government so circumstanced 
as to be able to address the conference, to 
speak congratulations, and to offer the thanks 
of our nation, our people ; perhaps T dare 
volunteer to utter them for the world. My own 
gratification is beyond my capacity to express. 

This conference has wrought a truly great 
achievement. It is hazardous sometimes to 
speak in superlatives, and I will be restrained. 
But I will say, with every confidence, that the 
faith plighted here today, kept in national honor, 



will mark the beginning of a new and bettor 
epoch in human progress. 

Stripped to the simplest fact what is the 
spectacle which has inspired a new hope for 
the world? Gathered about this table nine 
great nations of the earth — not all, to be sure, 
but those most directly concerned with the 
problems at hand — have met and have conferred 
on questions of great import and com- 
mon concern, on problems menacing their 
peaceful relationship, on burdens threatening 
a common peril. In the revealing light of the 
public opinion of the world, without surrender 
of sovereignty, without impaired nationality or 
effronted national pride, a solution has been 
found in unanimity, and today's adjournment 
is marked by rejoicing in the things accom- 
plished. If the world has hungered for new 
assurance it may feast at the banquet which 
the conference has spread. 

I am sure the people of the United States 
are supremely gratified, and yet there is scant 
appreciation of how marvelously you have 
wrought. When the days were dragging and 
agreements were delayed, when there were 
obstacles within and hindrances without, few 
stopped to realize that here was a conference 
of sovereign powers where only unanimous 
agreement could be made the rule. Majorities 
could not decide without impinging national 
rights. There were no victors to command, 
no vanquished to yield. All had voluntarily 
to agree in translating the conscience of. our 
civilization and give concrete expression to 
world opinion. 

And you have agreed, in spite of all difficul- 
ties, and the agreements are proclaimed to the 
world. No new standards of national honor 
have been sought, but the indictments of na- 
tional dishonor have been drawn, and the world 
is ready to proclaim the odiousness of perfidy 
or infamy. 

It is not pretended that the pursuit of peace 
and the limitations of armament are new con- 
ceits, or that the conference is a new conception 
either in settlement of war or in writing the 
conscience of international relationship. In- 
deed, it is not new to have met in the realization 
of war's supreme penalties. The Hague con- 
ventions are examples of the one ; the con- 
ference of Vienna, of Berlin, of Versailles 
are outstanding instances of the other. 

The Hague conventions were defeated by 
the antagonism of one strong power whose 
indisposition to cooperate and sustain led it 
to one of the supreme tragedies which have 
come to national eminence. Vienna and Berlin 
sought peace founded on the injustices of war 
and sowed the seed of future conflict, and 
hatred was armed where confidence was stifled. 

It is fair to say that human progress, the 
grown intimacy of international relationship, 
developed communication and transportation, 
attended by a directing world opinion, have 
set the stage more favorably here. You have 
met in that calm deliberation and that deter- 
mined resolution which have made a just peace, 
in righteous relationship, its own best guaranty. 

It has been the fortune of this conference 
to sit in a day far enough removed from war's 
bitterness, yet near enough to war's horrors, to 
gain the benefit of both the hatred of war and 
the yearning for peace. Too often, hereto- 
fore, the decades following such gatherings 
have been marked by the difficult undoing of 
their decisions. But your achievement is su- 
preme because no seed of conflict has been 
sown, no reaction in regret or resentment ever 
can justify resort to arms 

It little matters what we appraise as the 
outstanding accomplishment. Any one of them 
alone would have justified the conference. But 
the whole achievement has so cleared the 
atmosphere that it will seem like breathing 
the refreshing air of a new morn of promise. 

You have written the first deliberate and 
effective expression of great powers, in the 
consciousness of peace, of war's utter futility. 
and challenged the sanity of competitive prep- 
aration for each other's destruction. You have 
halted folly and lifted burdens, and revealed 
to the world that the one sure way to recover 
from the sorrow and ruin and staggering obli- 
gations of a world war is to end the strife 
in preparation for more of it, and turn human 
energies to the constructiveness of peace. 

Not all the world is yet tranquilized. But 
here is the example, to imbue with new hope 
all who dwell in apprehension. At this table 
came understanding, and understanding brands 
armed conflict as abominable in the eyes of 
enlightened civilization. 

I once believed in armed preparedness. I 
advocated it. But I have come now to believe 
that there is a better preparedness in a public 
mind and a world opinion made ready to grant 
justice precisely as it exacts it. And justice 
is better served in conferences of peace than 
in conflicts at arms. 

How simple it all has been. When you met 
here twelve weeks ago there was not a 
commitment, not an obb'gation except that which 
each delegation owes to the government com- 
missioning it. But human service was calling, 
world conscience was impelling, and world 
opinion directing. 

No intrigue, no offensive or defensive alli- 
ances, no involvements have wrought your 
agreements, but reasoning with each other to 
common understanding has made new relation- 

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ship among governments and peoples, new se- 
curities for peace, and new opportunities for 
achievement and attending happiness. 

Here have been established the contacts of 
reason, here have come the inevitable under- 
standings of face-to-face exchanges when pas- 
sion does not inflame. The very atmosphere 
shamed national selfishness into retreat. View- 
points were exchanged, differences composed, 
and you came to understand how common, after 
all, are human aspirations ; how alike, indeed, 
and how easily reconcilable are our national 
aspirations ; how sane and simple and satisfying 
to seek the relationships of peace and security. 

When you first met I told you of our 
America's thought to seek less of armament 
and none of war ; that we sought nothing which 
is another's, and we were unafraid, but that 
we wished to join you in doing that finer and 
nobler thing which no nation can do alone. 
We rejoice in the accomplishment. 

It may be that the naval holiday here con- 
tracted will expire with the treaties, but I do 
not believe it. Those of us who live another 
decade are more likely to witness a growth of 
public opinion, strengthened by the new ex- 
perience, which will make nations more con- 
cerned with living to the fulfillment of God's 
high intent than with agencies of warfare and 
destruction Since this conference of nations 
has pointed with unanimity to the way of 
peace today, like conferences in the future, 
under appropriate conditions and with aims 
both well conceived and definite, may illumine 
the highways and byways of human activity. 
The torches of understanding have been lighted, 
and they ought to glow and encircle the globe. 

Again, gentlemen of the conference, congrat- 
ulations and the gratitude of the United States ! 
To Belgium, to the British Empire, to China, to 
France, to Italy, to Japan, to the Netherlands, 
and to Portugal — I can wish no more than the 
same feeling, which we experience, of honor- 
able and honored contribution to happy human 
advancement, and a new sense of security in 
the righteous pursuits of peace and all attend- 
ing good fortune. 

From our own delegates I have known from 
time to time of your activit : es, and of the spirit 
of conciliation and adjustment, and the cheer- 
ing readiness of all of you to strive for that 
unanimity so essential to accomplishment. 
Without it there would have been failure ; with 
it you have heartened the world. 

And I know our guests will pardon me while 
I make grateful acknowledgment to the Amer- 
ican delegation — to you, Mr. Secretary Hughes ; 
to you. Senator Lodge ; to you, Senator 
Underwood ; to you, Mr. Root : to all of you 
for your able and splendid and highly purposed 

and untiring endeavors in behalf of our gov- 
ernment and our people ; and to our excellent 
advisory committee which gave to you so de- 
pendable a reflex of that American public 
opinion which charts the course of this republic. 
It is all so fine, so gratifying, so reassuring, 
so full of promise, that above the murmurings 
of a world of sorrow not yet silenced, above 
the groans which come of excessive burdens 
not yet lifted but now to be lightened, above 
the discouragements of a world yet struggling 
to find itself after surpassing upheaval, there 
is the note of rejoicing which is not alone ours 
or yours, or of all of us, but comes from the 
hearts of men of all the world. 

The conference covered a period of 
twelve weeks, opening on November 12, 
1921, and bringing its work to a close on 
February 6, 1922. The negotiations 
brought about the following notable 
achievements : six completed treaties, two 
others agreed to in substance, fourteen 
resolutions, and ten separate or joint dec- 
larations of national policy. 

The treaties, briefly outlined, are as 
follows : 

1. The naval limitation treaty, by which 
the United States, Great Britain, Japan, France 
and Italy agree to scrap or convert sixty-eight 
capital ships, and so limit future construction 
that, after a ten-year building holiday, their 
first-line naval strength will remain at 525,000 
tons, 525,000 tons, 315.000 tons, 175,000 tons 
and 175,000 tons, respectively. The respective 
tonnage of airplane carriers is limited to 135,000 
tons each for the United States and Great 
Britain, 81,000 tons for Japan and 60,000 tons 
each for France and Italy. Individual capital 
ships are to be no larger than 35,000 tons 
and carry no guns in excess of sixteen inches. 
Aircraft carriers are limited similarly to 27,000 
tons and auxiliary craft to 10,000 tons, and 
neither can carry a gun larger than eight inches. 
A fortifications "status quo" is set up in the 
Pacific, under which the United States agrees 
not to further fortify the Philippines and 
Guam and Japan agrees to observe the same 
restriction in Formosa, the Bonins and the 

2. The submarine and poison gas treaty, to 
which the same five powers are signatories. 
By its terms the powers agree as among them- 
selves not to use submarines "as commerce 
destroyers," in all cases to observe the rules 
of visit and search, and to regard as a pirate 

Copyright by Underwood & Underwood 




any submarine commander who violates exist- 
ing law. As among themselves, they outlaw 
use of poison gas altogether. 

3. The four-power Pacific treaty, by which 
the United States, Great Britain, Japan and 
France agree to respect one another's rights 
in relation to their insular possessions in the 
Pacific, and to meet in consultation whenever 
those rights are threatened. The Anglo-Jap- 
anese alliance is automatically abrogated when 
the new treaty finally is ratified. 

4. The general far eastern treaty, between 
the United States, Great Britain Japan, France, 
Italy, China, Belgium, Portugal and the Neth- 
erlands, binding each of them to respect 
China's integrity ; the open door policy is to 
be applied in detail, and every opportunity is 
to be given the Chinese people to develop a 
stable government. It is agreed that no treaty 
infringing these principles is to be concluded, 
that no contracts violating them are to be 
upheld, that discriminatory practices in the 
Chinese railways are to end, and that China's 
rights as a neutral are to be respected in fu- 
ture wars. 

5. The Chinese tariff treaty, adhered to by 
the same nine nations, providing international 
machinery for an immediate revision of Chinese 
customs duties on a basis of 5 per cent., effec- 
tive, and periodical revisions thereafter, together 
with changes which will permit imposition 
of surtaxes. 

6. The Shantung treaty between Japan and 
China, by which Shantung is restored to 
Chinese control. 

By one of the uncompleted treaties agreed 
to in substance during the conference Japan 
gives the United States the long-sought cable 
and wireless privileges of the Island of Yap, 
and by the other the five principal powers and 
the Netherlands allocate the former German- 
owned cables in the Pacific, so that one goes 
to the United States, one to Japan and one 
to the Netherlands. 

Briefly, the fourteen resolutions given 
conference approval embody the follow- 
ing decisions : 

Agreement for withdrawal of foreign post 
offices from China on January 1, 1923, provided 
China maintains an efficient postal service and 
continues in office the present foreign codirec- 
tor general. 

Establishment of an international commission 
to investigate the Chinese judicial system with 
a view to abolition of extraterritorial rights. 

Authorization for a consultation between 
foreign diplomats and Chinese officials at 
Peking with a view to withdrawal of foreign 
troops from China. 

Relinquishment to China of unauthorized 

foreign radio stations on Chinese soil, with the 
stipulation that all plants are to be used for 
official messages only except in emergency. 

Agreement to exchange full information 
among the nations regarding all international 
commitments that affect China. 

Creation of a board of reference, to consider 
cases arising under the open door and railway 
provisions of the general far eastern treaty. 

Convening of a special commission of the 
five powers to meet in the near future and 
consider rules to govern the use of new agen- 
cies of warfare. By a second resolution on the 
same subject it is declared that the commission 
shall not "review or report upon" the subma- 
rine and poison gas rules laid down in the treaty 
on that subject. 

Recommendation that "better protection'' be 
given the Chinese eastern railway. Another 
resolution attached, but not subscribed to by 
China, declared the Chinese government must 
be held responsible for its obligations regarding 
the road. Expression of hope that the Chinese 
railways may be developed toward a unified 
system under Chinese control. 

Request on the part of the other powers that 
China reduce her military forces. 

Supplementary agreement to the naval limit- 
ation treaty, declaring the nations "in honor 
bound" not to dispose of ships which are listed 
for scrapping, before the treaty is ratified. 

Supplementary agreement to the four-power 
Pacific treaty, excluding the islands of the 
Japanese homeland from the treaty provisions. 
Of the "declarations" made by the various 
delegations and formally spread on the records 
of the conference, chief interest attached to 
those relating to Siberia and the "twenty-one 
demands." Regarding Siberia, Japan disavowed 
any territorial designs in Russia, and pledged 
herself to withdraw her troops from Siberia 
as soon as stable conditions warrant, while the 
United States reasserted its hope that the with- 
drawal would not be long delayed. The fa- 
mous "group five" of the "twenty-one de- 
mands" was abandoned by Japan, along with 
other concessions relating to economic and poli- 
tical conditions in Manchuria and Mongolia 
China filed a protest against the remaining 
portions of the "demands," and the United 
States reiterated its intention not to recognize 
any of them which might abridge Amer- 
ican rights. 

The British declaration of readiness to with- 
draw from the leased territory of Wei-Hai- 
Wei was not elaborated, but will be taken up 
in diplomatic exchanges between London and 
Peking. As a supplement to the far eastern 
treaty, China declared her intention not to 
alienate any additional portion of her territory, 

Copyright by Underwood & Underwood 





and as a supplement to the tariff treaty she 
agreed to retain the present maritime customs 
system. In two supplements to the radio reso- 
lution, China declared she recognized no right 
to install foreign radio plants without her 
express consent, and the powers other than 
China declared that in future wireless disputes 
the open door policy must be applied. 

After the fourth open session of the 
conference, held in Memorial Continental 
Hall on December 10, 1921, no plenary 
meetings occurred until February 2, 1922. 
The latter was followed by another held 
two days later, February 4th, at which 
an amazing amount of business was 
transacted, including the approval of two 
treaties relating to China. The business 
session was concluded by farewell ad- 
dresses by the heads of each of the nine 
delegations participating. 

In the opinion of the delegates the 
conference has brought about a new era 
in international negotiations. This idea 
was expressed by Senator Schanzer, head 
of the Italian delegation, when he said : 

"No one would be justified in saying 
that this conference has not found the 
point of departure of a new era in inter- 
national policy; that there has not been 
laid down the foundation of a new and 
more solid equilibrium of the world." 

Reference was made by Senator 
Schanzer to the fact that the conference 
was unable to bring about any agreement 
for the limitation of land armies. He in- 
sisted that a limitation of land arma- 
ment was of fundamental importance to 
the future prosperity of the world, and 
that there is urgent need of finding a sat- 
isfactory solution of this problem with 
the shortest possible delay. 

Without using the name of the pro- 
jected Genoa conference on the economic 
problems of Europe, the Italian chief 
expressed a hope that the United States 

might yet participate in that conference. 

M. Surraut, head of the French delega- 
tion, remarked. 

"What is great and noble here is the 
example which has been set by the great 
countries here represented to other coun- 
tries ; and when these treaties are signed 
they will be an example to other countries 
to settle their differences and disputes 
amicably. We are entitled to hope that 
other nations will imitate what has been 
done here and that, on parallel lines to 
that followed by the League of Nations, 
Washington has here struck upon a path 
on which all nations will be able 
to enter for the greater happiness of the 
whole world." 

Minister Sze, head of the Chinese 
delegation, addressing the conference, 
said significantly : 

"The Chinese delegation has implicit 
confidence in the principles adopted by this 
conference, which China will not fail to 
invoke to guard against any renewed 
claim to special interests in China on the 
part of any nation." 

The powers in approving the Chinese 
treaty have pledged themselves to give 
China a square deal, and China plans to 
avail herself of the pledge. Mr. Balfour, 
head of the British delegation, addressing 
the conference declaring that after the 
Washington conference there could be no 
misunderstanding regarding the principles 
adopted with regard to China. 

"If any nation," he said, "hereafter 
deliberately separates itself from the col- 
lective action that we have taken in Wash- 
ington in this year of grace, that nation 
will not be able to plead ignorance, it will 
not be able to discuss private arrange- 
ments which it may have made with this 
or that Chinese government." 

Speaking for Japan, Baron Shidehara, 
the Japanese ambassador, declared that 

t- s 



Japan believed it had made to China every 
possible concession "compatible with a 
sense of reason, fairness and honor" at 
the Washington conference. 

"Japan does not regret it," he added. 
"She rejoices in the thought that the 
sacrifice which she has made, will not be 
in vain in the greater cause of interna- 
tional friendship and good will." 

Baron Shidehara insisted that Japan 
has special interests in China, interests 
due to the fact that Japan must depend 
upon China for her raw materials and for 
a market in which to sell her products. 
He said, however, that Japan had no claim 
or pretension of any kind prejudicial to 
China or to any other foreign nation. 

In summing up the work of the con- 
ference before adjournment, Secretary 
Hughes said that the measure of success 
was due to two things : 

"In the first place," he said, "we had 
a definite and limited aim. We have 
not occupied ourselves in endeavoring to 
elucidate the obvious, but rather we have 
set ourselves determinedly to the removal 
of causes of controversy and to the re- 
duction of armament so far as that was 
possible of attainment. We have been 
successful because we have not contented 
ourselves with the expression of pious 
hopes, but rather have devoted ourselves 
to the realization of the hopes which for 
a generation have been entertained." 

In conclusion Secretary Hughes voiced 
his gratification at the work performed 
by the secretariat general of the confer- 
ence, Mr. John Garrett, and the advisory 

committee to the American delegation, 
headed by former Senator Sutherland 
of Utah. 

"And now our grateful thanks to the 
Daughters of the American Revolution," 
continued Secretary Hughes, "particularly 
to Mrs. Minor, the President General, 
and Mrs. Hanger, the Organizing Secre- 
tary General, for permitting us to meet 
in this commodious building where 
we are the guests of this important 
patriotic organization. 

"This building has many memories, but 
I trust in the opinion of the Daughters 
of the American Revolution it is now in- 
vested with a special sanctity and with a 
most precious memory, because here the 
spirit of democracy which they desire to 
see supreme has been evidenced in our 
collaboration together as representatives 
of great peoples, in order that we may 
have, in place of a worse than fruitless 
competition a generous cooperation ex- 
pressive not of the sinister ambitions of 
despotic governments but of the true 
spirit of the peoples represented in these 
democratic governments, and it is in that 
spirit which we, as representatives, have 
sought here to evince, because whatever 
governments want, the peoples of the 
earth want — justice, peace, and security." 

Note — A full account of the first four plenary 
sessions of the Conference on the Limitation 
of Armament, with many illustrations appeared 
in the January, 1922, Daughters of the 
American Revolution Magazine. Copies can 
be purchased by sending orders with remittance 
to the Treasurer General, Memorial Continen- 
tal Hall, Washington, D. C — Editor. 



j]|S we are nearing the time for another 
Continental Congress my thoughts 
naturally turn to matters connected 
with it, which I want to stress once 
more. Among these are our Society's 
reports of its work. March first is 
the date set for the closing of the 
year covered by the reports of State and Chap- 
ter work which are rendered by State Regents 
to our Congress and by the National Society 
to the Smithsonian Institution. 

It is also the approximate date of closing of 
the year covered by the reports of our National 
Chairmen. Material for these reports comes 
necessarily from the Chapters. I cannot em- 
phasize too strongly the importance of these 
reports as the sole official record of our Soci- 
ety's splendid work. Their completeness de- 
pends entirely upon a faithful response from 
the Chapters to the calls for a full report to 
their State Regents and State Chairmen. 

Let us have a wonderful record this year to 
present to our own Congress, to the United 
States Congress, and to the public at large. 

The duty of coming to the Congress and 
faithfully attending every session is another 
point that I wish to stress again at this time. 
Chapter Regents and delegates should not come 
to Congress as if it were a personal pleasure 
trip, involving no responsibility. They are sent 
to attend to their Chapter's interests. 

This Society is a "democracy in a republic ;" 
it is a system of self-government through 
representation "in Congress assembled." Every 
member has a voice in its affairs through the 
representatives chosen by them at their Chap- 
ter meetings. These representatives or their 
duly elected alternates have the solemn duty 
of representing their Chapters ; if they are off 
sightseeing or attending social functions instead 
of sitting in their seats in Congress, they are 
not being faithful to the trust reposed in them. 
"Public office is a public trust," yet too often 
the vacant seats in our Congress testify to the 
stronger appeal of the sights of Washington, 
and under such circumstances Chapters cannot 
complain if they do not like the measures which 
are passed in the absence of their delegates. 
Nor can they complain if they do not send 
representatives to speak for them. Let Chap- 
ters remember that they are the National So- 
ciety : they are responsible for the laws that 
govern them, for the measures that affect them, 

and for the national work undertaken by the 
Society. Yet some Chapters imagine that the 
National Society is some great arbitrary power 
separate and far-distant, imposing rules and 
regulations upon them. Nothing could be fur- 
ther from the truth. The voice of the Chapters 
assembled in Congress is the governing voice 
of the Society. Likewise, it is the voice of 
the Chapters at their State Conferences, which 
governs the State organization. Many State 
Conferences are held in March. I want to 
urge upon Chapters the necessity of attending 
them for their own sakes. If they do not 
do so, they lose all the inspiration to be derived 
from working together for a common cause, 
and that cause, our country. Yet there are 
Chapters, I regret to say, which rarely, if ever, 
attend their State Conferences. Just as in- 
dividual members remain uninformed and un- 
interested if they do not attend Chapter meet- 
ings, so Chapters remain uninformed and 
uninterested in the wider scope of our patriotic 
work if they do not attend their State 
Conferences. And they lose the biggest 
inspiration of all if they do not attend the 
Continental Congresses. 

Herein is a double loss : the Chapters miss 
the incentive to patriotic work that results 
from big and inspiring gatherings ; and 
the Society as a whole loses the influence and 
valuable cooperation of the Chapters. 

The high aims of our Society are winning an 
ever-increasing recognition, not only from our 
own Government and public but from the 
Governments and public of other countries. The 
meeting of the Conference on Limitation of 
Armament in Memorial Continental Hall ; the 
selection of our Society by the Society of 
French Women in New York as the most 
representative Society of American Women to 
accept from the women of France the gift of 
the Statue of Jeanne dArc recently unveiled 
in Washington ; the request from the Treasury 
Department for the privilege of holding a 
business meeting of the officials of the Gov- 
ernment Departments in our Hall ; all this, and 
much more indicates the growing prestige of 
our Society in public estimation. It is indica- 
tive of the power and influence that we wield. 
Anne Rogers Minor, 

President General. 


RTICLES previously published 
in the Daughters of the 
American Revolution Maga- 
zine have referred to the initial 
steps taken by the National 
Society, leading to the acquisi- 
tion of land and the beginning of the 
Administration Building now in course 
of erection, and the December issue gave 
an account of the ceremonies at the laying 
of the corner-stone. Since that date 
further progress has been made in 
the construction work and the building 
is under roof and about sixty per 
cent, completed. 

The exterior view of the new building, 
with other illustrations, have appeared 
in the Magazine and the floor plans are 
now presented, showing the relative 
arrangement of the new building and 
Memorial Continental Hall. 

The new building is placed about 75 
feet west of the Hall, has a frontage of 
110 feet, with a depth of 100, and was 
planned as a business building to serve 
the special working needs of the Society, 
with no attempt to make a show building, 
the exterior being reserved and dignified 
in design, well executed in white lime- 
stone, in harmony with but properly 
subordinated to Memorial Continental 
Hall. There are no elaborate entrance 
features on the street fronts to invite 
sight-seeing visitors, but main entrances 

are provided on the east side, facing the 
Hall, accessible from the two streets and 
from the Hall by the covered corridors, 
and there are also four outside entrances 
to the basement story. 

The space enclosed by the walls of the 
two buildings and the covered corridors 
will be arranged as a garden, with foot- 
paths, grass-plots and flowers, and 
perhaps with a memorial fountain in 
the centre. 

The corridor on the north side extends 
down into a deep cellar, well lighted and 
ventilated through windows in the base 
of the corridor, providing space for the 
heating apparatus and mechanical plant, 
as well as an enlargement of the coal 
storage space, increasing the capacity of 
the coal bunkers from 60 to 300 tons. 

The feature of the first floor is the 
central rotunda for the membership files 
and card catalogues, surrounded by wide 
corridors, readily accessible to the sev- 
eral office rooms, and well lighted by the 
skylight in the central light court of the 
second story. 

The working departments of the 
Society, the clerical force, the executive 
manager, and the business offices of the 
National Officers, with the exception of 
the Curator General and the Librarian 
General, are located on the first floor as 
noted on the plans, all in outside rooms, 
well lighted and ventilated, and separated 

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by corridors from the membership file 
and catalogue room, which is equally 
accessible to all departments. 

The offices and living quarters of the 
President General are located in the 
southeast corner of the second floor, and 
immediately adjoining on the east side 
will be an assembly room, having 
decorated walls and a paneled segment 
ceiling, the seating capacity being 
about 150. 

The second floor will also provide 
several committee rooms, offices of the 
Magazine, and at the northwest corner 
a large meeting room for the Children 
of the American Revolution. On the 

west side are located the living rooms of 
the superintendent of the buildings, with 
private staircase and outside entrance 
from the west side. 

The central portion of the basement 
is to be divided by metal partitions for 
the storage of supplies and duplicate files, 
and at the northeast corner is the general 
receiving room, superintendent's office, 
printing shop and store room. The rest 
room is placed in the quiet space at the 
southeast corner of the basement, and 
on the south side is located the lunch room 
with kitchen and pantry adjoining. A 
locker room for the clerical force is placed 
on the east side, convenient to staircases 
and to two outside entrances to the street. 


Where one desires to leave both real and 
personal property to the National Society, 
Daughters of the American Revolution any one 
of the following forms can be used : 

"I hereby give, devise and bequeath, absol- 
utely and in fee simple, to the National Society 
of the Daughters of the American Revolution, 
having its headquarters at Washington, in the 
District of Columbia, (here describe the nature 
of the property to be given), to be used and 
expended for the objects and purposes for 
which said National Society was incorporated." 

In case a cash legacy only is desired to 
be given. 

"I give and bequeath, absolutely, to the 
National Societv of the Daughters of the 

American Revolution, having its headquarters 
at Washington, in the District of Columbia, the 
sum of 

($ ), to be used and expended for the 

objects and purposes for which said National 
Society was incorporated." 

In case a devise of real estate only is desired 
to be given to the National Society. 

"I give and devise, absolutely and in fee 
simple, to the National Society of the Daughters 
of the American Revolution, having its head- 
quarters at Washington, in the District of 
Columbia, (here describe the real estate in- 
tended to be devised), to be used and ex- 
pended for the objects and purposes for which 
the said National Society was incorporated. 


By Paul V. Collins 

WO years ago, General Pershing 
testified before a Congressional 
Committee that one-fourth of 
the men drafted for the World 
War were found to be unable 
to read and write English. 
Drafted men were between the ages of 
eighteen and thirty-one years. The 
United States Census of 1920, whose 
analytical reports have begun to appear, 
declares that, of our entire population, 
over ten years of age, only six per cent. 
are illiterate. 

The question arises: If only six per 
cent, of all over ten years of age could not 
read and write English, how was it pos- 
sible to find in the army twenty-five per 
cent, of the men, over eighteen years old, 
to be illiterate? There must be con- 
fused figures either in the army records 
or in those of the census ; or else there 
must be a fearful death rate of educated 
children between the ages of ten and 
eighteen, leaving not a survival of the 
fittest, but rather of the most ignorant. 

The Census Bureau fortifies its 
findings of six per cent, in 1920 by com- 
parison with the previous decennial 
censuses: For 1910, 7.7; for 1900, 10.7; 
for 1890, 13.3, and for 1880, 17 per cent. 
Education, it will be seen, has made some 
progress in the last forty years, yet there 
stands the army with its charge that 
25 per cent, of American full-grown men 
are illiterate — and what applies to men, 

unquestionably is true of women. 

There is nothing drier than statistics — 
nor more likely to overturn misconcep- 
tions. In this instance, not only do the 
figures become interesting in their dis- 
crepancy, but startling in showing that, in 
either case, the balance of power lies 
with the illiterate. In states where there 
exists a literacy test for the right of 
franchise, the danger is reduced, but not 
eliminated, for the menace lies less in 
the power of the ballot than in that of 
distorted public sentiment, with its 
prejudices, class jealousies and suscepti- 
bility to demagogic misleadership and 
mobocracy. The fear of the franchise is 
the excuse in some regions for open 
opposition to educating the colored 
population, yet gross ignorance is far 
more dangerous in a republic than under 
an autocracy. 

The army's declaration that one-fourth 
of America's population is illiterate — 
unable to read and write English — is not 
only a blow to our national pride, but a 
warning of national danger, especially 
acute in these times when the very foun- 
dations of civilization are being rocked. 
The optimist and incredulous turn to the 
soothing figures of the census and 
ignore the disclosures of the army. But 
which figures are dependable ? 

In the census there were 80,000 
enumerators gathering data ; they made 
no examinations of the actual ability of 



citizens to read and write English, but, 
in the complicated questionnaire, accepted 
whatever answers were given to the 
question : " Can you read and write 
English?" Naturally, the pride of the 
citizen impelled him to give the most 
self-complimentary answer possible, and, 
aside from actual falsification, the ten- 
dency to claim literacy extended to all 
who could merely write their own names 
and read some set phrase or sentence, 
even though, for practical purposes, 
general reading was impossible. 

The army figures, on the contrary, were 
based on actual, practical test, devised 
by psychologists of the United States 
Research Council. Every company of 
recruits was reviewed by the examiners. 
All men who claimed that they could read 
and write were ordered to step three 
paces forward. These were given the 
" Alpha Test," all others were given the 
"Beta Test." "Alpha" and "Beta" 
are the Greek letters, " A " and " B " ; 
and, to a layman, there appears no reason 
why the names of the examinations 
should be " all Greek " to anybody. 

The " Alpha Test " consisted in a list of 
printed questions which were to be 
answered within fifty minutes by simply 
checking the correct printed answers. 
Also the candidate was required to write 
a short letter to a relative or friend, as a 
test of his writing. Those who failed in 
this simple printed and written exam- 
ination were added to those who had 
acknowledged that they could not take 
the printed test, and the total number that 
thus were unable to prove their literacy 
amounted to 24.9 per cent. 

The " Beta Test " was made by pic- 
tures and pantomime, without printing, 
and those who were not alert enough to 
take the " Beta Test " were given indi- 
vidual examination intended to locate 
their degree of mental capacity, upon 

a scale of " years of mental age," 
equivalent to the ages of children. 
Without entering into a discussion of the 
value of the psychological " mental age " 
test, let me state that all below the mental 
development of " twelve-year-old chil- 
dren " are feeble-minded, and that the 
average mental age of the drafted soldier 
was fourteen and of officers eighteen 
years. The story is told by a learned 
doctor connected with the Bureau of 
Standards, that a world-famous scientist 
took the psychological test anonymously, 
and was rated " feeble-minded." How- 
ever, this is a digression, and must not be 
confused with the very practical and 
common-sense examinations of literacy 
made in the army. 

The army and census agree in 
comparison of various states. Those 
reported by the census as having a high 
proportion of illiterates are generally 
found also by the army with a high per- 
centage of illiteracy ; but in all cases, 
the army percentage is enormously 
beyond that of the census. 

The most illiterate communities are 
where negroes and foreign-born are 
numerous. The negroes bring up the 
percentage in the South, and the foreign- 
born in some Northern localities. Yet 
that is not invariably the case as to the 
foreign-born, as, for example, Minnesota, 
whose population is one-third either 
Scandinavian foreign-born or children of 
foreign-born parentage, shows the best 
record, under the army test — only 14.2 
per cent, unable to pass the Alpha test. 

By the census, Louisiana shows the 
greatest illiteracy, but the army grades 
South Carolina with more illiterates than 
Louisiana — 49.5 per cent. This high 
percentage led to a check test of a South 
Carolina company of white soldiers, 
encamped in New York, which proved 
that not 49.5 per cent, but 61.6 per cent. 



of white South Carolinians could not 
read and write, hence the original figures 
for the whole state were conservative. 
While South Carolina boasts that it has 
been improving conditions, in recent 
years, a school superintendent informs 
the present writer that in his district they 
are appropriating support for the white 
and colored schools at the time-honored 
ratio of $16 for the whites to one dollar 
for the colored schools, though the 
colored population is the most numerous. 
It is the policy to limit the franchise of 
the colored voter, by restraining his 
educational advantages, for " this is a 
white man's country." 

The censuses of the last four or five 
decades show a general and marked 
improvement as to literacy throughout the 
country, but in view of the fact that the 
total annual expenditures of the United 
States, in support of educational institu- 
tions of all grades, from the elementary 
to the university, amounts to less than one 
billion dollars, and that in half a century 
our entire educational efforts have cost 
only a sum equal to our loans to Europe 
for the World War, the fact stands 
glaringly that America is not a nation 
appreciative of education, as it has vainly 
imagined itself to be. We boast of our 
free public schools as setting the laudable 
example to a benighted world ! 

We spend for joy rides, pleasure resorts 
and races, annually, three times as much as 
for all educational facilities. Our face 
powder and ice cream cost as much as the 
maintenance of all our schools and col- 
leges ; tobacco is more costly than our 
education, and chewing gum is a bigger 
financial problem than the training of 
teachers in our normal schools. 

To give a child a full course through 
the grades and high school costs only 
$360, yet the average child, even of the 
literates, goes no farther than the fifth 

grade, at a public cost for his schooling 
ranging from $7.89 a year if in Missis- 
sippi, to $47.89 a year in California, or 
$59.61 in Montana — an average cost per 
year throughout the country of $36.62. 

In pioneer days, illiteracy was no dis- 
grace, the ability to read and write was 
rather an exception for those reared in 
the wilds, far from schools, and it is 
found that the productive efficiency, in 
those days, was quite in correspondence 
with the general literacy. During the 
period from the discovery of America 
to 1860, the average annual productivity 
per man, measured in dollars, was $514, 
while since 1860, with the public schools 
and compulsory education laws, even 
though imperfectly enforced, the produc- 
tion, per capita, has averaged $1318 per 
annum. While this may be a sordid 
measure of the value of education, it is 
easily grasped by the " practical man." 

Compare to-day's earning power of 
individuals, uneducated and educated: 
The uneducated laborer (in normal 
times) earns about $500 a year, in forty 
years of his natural expectancy of activ- 
ity, that amounts to $20,000 gross 
earnings. The educated man averages 
at least $1000 a year, or in forty years, 
$40,000— an excess of $20,000 over the 
earnings of the unlearned. That $20,000 
excess represents the value of his school- 
ing, and to produce it required twelve 
years, of 180 days — a total of 2160 days. 
Dividing the $20,000 by the number of 
days' schooling that it cost, we find that 
each day in school earned for the pupil 
a value of $9.02. When the boy leaves 
school to go to work, he must count his 
loss at $9.02 per day, less what he earns 
as an apprentice or common laborer. 

The illiterate or partially educated, 
have evaded the benefit of the $360 total 
public cost of literacy — the twelve or 



thirteen years of schooling — and have 
paid the penalty of at least $20,000 loss of 
earning capacity in their generation. 
With thirty million producers, one- fourth 
of whom are illiterate, and half the rest 
only half-schooled, the national loss of 
efficiency in production is astounding. 
The 7,500,000 of totally illiterate alone 
losing $20,000 each, in their lifetime, 
amounts to a national loss of production 
of one hundred and fifty billion dollars 
for each generation of forty years' 
activity— $3,750,000,000 a year. Ample 
educational facilities, with rigidly en- 
forced compulsory education laws, would 
save all that. 

A careful analysis of the 8000 names in 
Who's Who — the book of successful 
men — discloses that the child with no 
schooling has only one chance in 150,000 
of ever performing distinguished service. 
Out of 33,000,000 workers, with a com- 
mon school education, 808 won a place 
in Who's Who, while out of 2,000,000 
with high school training, 1245 are 
included, and out of 1,000,000 col- 
lege graduates, 5768 won that degree 
of success. 

" Knowledge is power " ; Ignorance is 
the greatest national disease and menace 
— and a quarter of our population is 
stricken with the epidemic. 




The Italian Manual for Immigrants has just 
been issued. The Manual may now be obtained 
m the English, Italian and Spanish languages. 
The Yiddish, Polish and Hungarian are in 
process of translation. 

The book is already winning high praise from 
educators wherever it goes. Inasmuch as it has 
not yet been found practicable to distribute it at 
the ports of entry, a new ruling of the National 
Society allows chapters to have it free of charge 
upon application through their State Regents, if 
it is wanted for direct distribution to the immi- 
grants. In this way spirit and purpose of our 
work will be accomplished, quite as well, 
perhaps, as at the ports of entry. 

For text-book use, or for purposes other, than 
the above, a charge will be made as here- 
tofore, vis: 

Single copies 20 cents each 

In lots of 25 or more IS cents each 

In lots of 100 or more 12 cents each 

In lots of 1000 or more 10 cents each 

This to apply to all languages. 
Orders with money should be sent to the 
Treasurer General, Memorial Continental Hall, 
Washington, D. C. 

Orders for free books should be addresed to 
the State Regent, stating the purpose to give 
it directly to the immigrant. The State Regent 
will forward the order to the Corresponding 
Secretary Genera!. 

State Regents are asked to keep a record of 
all orders thus received and forwarded, and 
to report same to Mrs. John L. Buel, Vice 
Chairman in Charge of Immigrants' Manual, 
Litchfield, Connecticut. 



By Dolores Boisfeuillet Colquitt 

HE name of Burkhalter is 
prolific in the State of Georgia 
where the family has been 
established since the earliest 
days of the Colonial era. They 
came with a group of German 
Protestants of whom Smith's, "Georgia 
and Her People" says: "No people 
have been more noted for industry, 
probity, and intelligence," and that while 
the Pilgrim Fathers, smaller in numbers 
than these Salzburghurs, have a high 
place in American history, this colony of 
refugees has been neglected by historians. 

The family of 
Burkhalter was es- 
tablished in Georgia 
by five brothers — 
Michel, Peter, 
Joshua, Abraham, 
and John— all of 
whom are said to 
have come from 
A 1 s a c e-Lorraine, 
where their family 
had sought refuge 
from religious per- 
secution in Austria 
and German y. 
Members of their 
sect were scattered 
as refugees in the 
Swiss and French 
Alps, Holland and 
England, and to al- 
leviate their suffer- 
ings, General Ogle- 
thorpe offered them 
asylum in the 
Colony of Georgia. 

Negotiations were entered into and 
resulted in forty-two families, numbering 
in all seventy-eight souls, setting out for 
Rotterdam, where they embarked Decem- 
ber 2, 1773, on a ship chartered for the 
purpose of transporting them to Dover, 
where they were to be received by the 
Trustees and forwarded to Georgia. On 
the eighth of January, 1734, having taken 
the oath of loyalty to the British Crown, 
they set sail on the ship Purisburg for 
Savannah where, after a tempestuous 
voyage, they arrived in March and were 
welcomed by General Oglethorpe. The 
Burkhalters must 
have come on this 
ship as these histor- 
ical facts coincide 
with the tradition 
that they came by 
way of Holland and 
on the second ship 
of colonists brought 
to Savannah. The 
( "famed for their 
solid worth") made 
their first settle- 
ment four miles be- 
low the present 
town of Spring- 
field, in Effingham 
County, and called 
it Ebenezer. Their 
number was soon 
increased by the ar- 
rival of more of 
their co-religionists 
with whom they 
d isperse d 







to form new settlements, particularly 
at Frederica. 

Michel Burkhalter, one of the five 
brothers already mentioned, was born in 
the year 1725, and the record of his death 
in an old family Bible, yet in existence, 
shows that he died in 1828 at the patri- 
archal age of 
one hundred 
and three 
years. He 
was a land- 
holder, having 
received a 
grant of five 
hundred acres 
and made a 
purchase of a 
these p 1 a n- 
tations with 
his slaves. At 
one time he 
was settled in 
Frederica and 
was one of the 
signing a dec- 
laration, ad- 
dressed to the 
Trustees, re- 
garding the 
condition of 
the colony and 
asking for 

relief to combat the unsatisfactory agri- 
cultural conditions. He also located in 
South Carolina thinking it a good centre 
for trading with the Indians, and it was 
while living there that his son John was 
born. John will be spoken of further on 
in this sketch. 

Michel Burkhalter was a man of conse- 


quence in his community, and in the 
Minutes of the Journal of the Trustees 
of Georgia, at their meeting held at 
Queen's Square, Westminster, August 17, 
1745, "Mr. Burkhalter is named with the 
Rev. Mr. Bolzius, who came with the 
Salzburghurs and played an important 

role in estab- 
lishing them 
i n Georgia. 
The Minutes 
s h o w that 
these two 
g e n 1 1 e m en 
were selected 
by the 
Trustees t o 
be the ones 
consulted re- 
garding the 
disposition in 
settling seven- 
ty-three Ger- 
mans — "about 
to be sent to 
the Colony." 
The minister 
was to have 
charge of 
those to locate 
at Ebenezer ; 
and Mr. 
Burkhalter of 
those for the 
Township of 
and adjacent 
villages. It is in the vicinity of Vernon- 
burg (near Savannah) that there exists 
a settlement called Burkhalter and a road 
by the same name, derived from this 
member of the family. 

In 1760 Michel appears as one of those 
possessing Headrights in Christ Church 
Parish. When the American Revolution 



came on, he gave his services and was at 
the Siege of Augusta, and wounded in the 
Battle of Kettle Creek. 

He married in 1750, Martha Newsome, 
whose father was also a patriot in the 
Revolution and belonged to the Newsome 
family from Yorkshire, England. Martha 
was a women 
of ability and 
a proper help- 
meet for her 
husband. She, 
too, held 
Headrights in 
Christ Church 
Parish under 
date of 
1752, and re- 
ceived a grant 
of land i n 
County in 
1762. Being 
a woman of 
mean s, she 
cont ributed 
her time and 
money to the 
cause of inde- 
opening h e r 
home, which 
was near Ket- 
tle Creek, to 
wounded sol- 
diers wh o m 
she nursed 
back to health. 

It appears that Michel Burkhalter 
was twice married, as indicated in his will, 
but which, unfortunately, does not men- 
tion the name of his other wife. This will 
is dated January 7, 1762, and is now in 
the State Archives at the Capitol in 
Atlanta. It is written in the German lan- 


guage and he expresses himself in the 
quaint manner of a by-gone day in 
disposing of his household goods, lands 
and negroes. 

Michel Burkhalter and his wife Martha 
Newsome had several children, among 
whom was John, born at Edgefield, South 

Carolina, i n 
1763. He was 
a versatile 
man, of great 
ation, and of 
whom it is 
said ''God 
never made 
another one 
like him." 
He was of 
heroic size, 
six feet-two 
inches in 
height, a n d 
weighed near- 
ly four hun- 
dred pounds. 
It is relat- 
ed that when 
he was, thir- 
teen his fath- 
e r was 
brought home 
vv o u nded 
fro m t h e 
Battle of 
Kettle Creek, 
and while his 
mother's attention was centred on caring 
for the wounded, he was able to slip away 
from home unobserved on his father's 
horse and reached the American forces 
in time to participate in the same Battle. 
He was captured by the British, but being 
only a child, was not closely guarded. 
Observing where the enemy kept his 



horse, he bided his time, in the night 
crawled on his stomach until reaching 
the animal, he flung himself upon its 
back, and galloping off with the speed 
of Paul Revere. He never stopped 
until he reached his father's home and 
amazed the household with the story 
of his thrilling adventure. Down to the 
present day his descendants never ride 
their father's knee to " Banberry 
Cross " but always ride to and from 
" Kettle Creek" to the story of little 
John Burkhalter. 

Following that experience, John 
Burkhalter served continuously in the 
militia until the close of the war, and 
afterwards received Revolutionary land 
grants in Washington County. 

He settled in what is now Marion 
County, and having the idea that the 
county-seat should be located in the 
centre of the county, he determined to 
move the town of Tasewell to Buena 
Vista. This he accomplished in one night, 
" moving it between sundown and sun- 
rise before an injunction could be 
served ! " He laid the new town, reserv- 
ing sites for a church and schoolhouse. 
He was literally the community guardian, 
and when a school teacher was lacking, he 
taught ; when the preacher was absent, he 
preached ; if the weather was cold, he 
hauled wood for use in the school and 
church. He was also Post-master and 
Judge of the City Court in addition to 
which he was proprietor of a store and 
saw mill, and owned a large plantation 
and many slaves. He was a member of 
the Whig party and a personal friend of 
Henry Clay. A Georgia historian says 
that he was one of the first settlers of 
Marion County, having bought most of 
the County from the Indians, and from 
his " loins have sprung a host of descend- 
ants, including the Chief Magistrate of 
Texas, Governor O. B. Colquitt." 

John Burkhalter died in 1845, aged 
ninety-eight years. His grave is located 
on a plantation some few miles from 
Buena Vista and has been marked by the 
Lanahassee Chapter of the Georgia 
Daughters of the American Revo- 
lution, and was unveiled by his great- 
great-granddaughters, Misses Ruth and 
Esther Short. 

In 1792 he married in South Carolina, 
Sarah Harden, widow Loyless, daughter 
of Martin Hardin, II, who was in charge 
of supplies in Virginia during the 
Revolution, and Captain of the 3rd 
Virginia Militia in Colonial times. 

John Burkhalter and Sarah Harden 
had a son, David Newsome Burkhalter, 
born 1803, who like his father was a 
dominant figure. He was among the first 
settlers of Pea Ridge, moving there in 
1845. " He was a Methodist preacher, 
a large property owner, and a man of 
wide influence in public affairs. He was 
the first to represent the County of 
Marion in the State Legislature. It was 
long before any railroad penetrated this 
section and he usually made the trip to 
Milledgeville (then the Capital) behind 
two fine mules. While a resident of 
Tasewell, he built a church for the Metho- 
dists, and a courthouse, but changing his 
residence to Pea Ridge (Buena Vista), he 
moved the church, too." 

He married Ann Eliza Short, grand- 
daughter of Colonel Thomas Short, who 
served in the Revolution, and whose wife 
was Dorothy Jones, daughter of Peter 
Jones, of Petersburg, Virginia. This last 
named was a grandson of Abraham 
Wood, one of the four major generals 
commanding the military establishments 
in Virginia in 1646. Major Peter Jones 
was the son of Abraham Jones, who soon 
after 1680 was in command of Elizabeth 



City and James City, Virginia. His father 
was Reverend Richard Jones, of Welsh 
extraction, who married Lady Jeffries, of 
the Manor of Ley, and settled in Devon- 
shire, England. 

The other Burkhalter brothers, who 
came from Alsace-Lorraine, also served 
in the Revolution. Peter (born 1731, 
died 1803) was captain commanding a 
company of Whitehall militia in 1775. 
He married Marie Stec'kle. Abraham was 
a captain in the South Carolina militia 
in the Revolution. John was born 1713 
and died aged ninety-nine years and six 
months in 1812. He received large grants 
of land in Wilkes County, Georgia, in 
1784, for his Revolutionary services, and 
was one of the Grand Jurors empanelled 
for the first Superior Court held in 
Bulloch County in 1797. 

This John Burkhalter married Sarah 
M., and in his will, dated 1773, recorded 
at Washington, Georgia, is named his 
sons : Michel, John, Joshua, Jacob, 
Jeremiah, Isaac, and his daughters, Mary 
and Barborough. To them he bequeathed 
all his movable estate, consisting of 
negroes, cows, horses, hogs, and house- 
hold effects." 

Jacob Burkhalter, his son, also served 
in the Revolution under General Clarke. 
He was the student of the family and a 
man of literary tastes. He made his home 
in Warrenton, Warren County, Georgia, 
where he built the first Colonial house in 
that County, the columns of the porch 
being the square type used in that day. 
It was here that General Lafayette on his 
last visit to America, spent two weeks 
being nursed back to health from a severe 
cold. The Burkhalters treasure an heir- 
loom, a glass mug which was General 
Lafayette's gift to Jacob Burkhalter. 

His son was John Lawson Burkhalter 
(born 1805), whose portrait is shown 

here, reproduced from an old daguerreo- 
type. He was a man of six feet one and 
a half inches in height and weighed three 
hundred pounds. He was conspicuous 
for the elegance of his dress, and " always 
wore a broadcloth suit, white vest, arid 
carried a gold-headed cane." He owned 
many slaves and acres of land. He 
married Evelyn Catherine Scott, grand- 
daughter of Hugh Reese, of Vir- 
ginia, a Revolutionary soldier, who 
received a grant of land in Columbia 
County, Georgia. 

The Burkhalter men are characterized 
by their great height and strong and 
sturdy build, and have given their ser- 
vices in every war of this country ; seven 
of them serving in the Revolution. Their 
Spartan wives and mothers gave this 
country, for the recent war against 
Germany, seventeen male descendants of 
the original Michel and John Burkhalter. 
The women have come forward with 
enthusiasm also in the work of the 
Daughters of the American Revolution. 
One of them, Mrs. John Franklin Little, 
of Washington, D. C. (descended from 
both Michel and John above), was re- 
cently instrumental in organizing a 
Chapter at Warrenton, Georgia, and 
through her successful efforts at research 
has enabled many of the Burkhalter 
descendants to become members of 
this organization. 

Among the Burkhalter heirlooms which 
are to be presented to the Museum 
at Memorial Continental Hall in Wash- 
ington, D. C. are: a miniature framed 
in pearls ; a pocketbook clasp brought 
from Alsace-Lorraine, made of gold 
exquisitely chased in a design of fruits ; 
a brown lustre vase ; a tiny vinagrette ; a 
ladies' quaint cap of real lace ; an em- 
broidered wallet and its contents of old 
papers; a Bible; and a set of china. 

Department of the 

Historical Program 

Conducted by 

VII. The Woman Movement 

1. General. — An idea of the woman move- 
ment in its earlier stages may be gained from 
the citations from Calhoun's Social History of 
the American Family given in the last Program, 
especially vol. ii, ch. 5 ; for its later stages 
see vol. iii, ch. 5 and 6. Some facts may be 
gleaned from the articles on women in Bliss' 
Cyclopedia of Social Reform and the Encyclo- 
pedia Britannica, but these emphasize the indus- 
trial and legal sides. Belle Squire, Woman 
Movement in America, ch. iv, gives a brief 
sketch, as does H. T. Peck, Twenty Years of 
the Republic, 744-749, for the later period. 

2. Communistic Movements. — The woman 
movement begins at a period when the young 
Republic was stirred by a desire for social 
equality which embodied itself in various 
undertakings of a communistic nature. 
McMaster's History of the People of the 
United States, vol. v, ch. 43, gives an idea of 
the feeling of this period. A more extended 
account, if desired, may be found in Charles 
Nordhoff's Communistic Societies in the 
United States, and a picture of a typical 
attempt in Louisa M. Alcott's story Transcen- 
dental Wild Oats. 

3. Two Pioneers. — The efforts of Frances 
Wright D'Arusment (generally known as 
"Fanny Wright") are discussed in Mc- 
Master, vol. v, pp. 97-108. A sketch of her life 
is given in the International Encyclopedia and a 
much fuller one in the Dictionary of National 
Biography. Mrs. Trollope's Domestic Man- 
ners of the Americans, ch. vii and xxiv, gives 
the impressions of a rather conservative woman. 
The part taken by Margaret Fuller (Ossoli) 
may be learned from the articles in the Inter- 
national and Britannica. and in more detail 
from her life by T. W. Higginson in the 
American Men of Letters series. Other 
biographies are by Julia Ward Howe and (the 
latest) by Katharine S. Anthony. 

4. Married Women.— An early feature of 
the movement was the attempt to place the 
property relations of husband and wife on a 
fairer basis. Some idea of the legal position 

of the wife may be gained from the article 
Husband and Wife in Bouvier's Laze Diction- 
ary. The arguments advanced in the New York 
constitutional convention, a typical case, are 
given by McMaster, vol. vii, p. 185. Judge 
Robert Grant's Law and the Family presents 
readably some phases of the problem. 

5. Education of Women. — The steady in- 
crease of the educational opportunities open 
to women is described in E. G. Dexter's History 
of Education in the United States, ch. xxi, and 
in the article Women, Higher Education of, 
in Paul Monroe's Cyclopedia of Education, vol. 
v. pp. .803-810. The Reports of the United 
States Commissioner of Education (especially 
that for 1903, vol. i, pp. 1047-1078) give 
current statistics and some history. Its conse- 
quences, actual and possible, are suggested in 
Miss McCracken's Women of America, ch. vi 
and x, and Earl Barnes' Woman in Modern 
Society, ch. iii and iv. 

6. Women's Clubs. — For the growth and 
effects of women's clubs see the article in the 
International Encyclopedia and McCracken, 
Women of America, ch. v. The most detailed 
work on the subject is that by Mrs. J. C Croly 
(Jennie June), History of the Women's Club 
Movement in America; see especially pp. 1-35. 
The General Federation of Women's Clubs has 
published its own History (see pp. 3-34). The 
Chatauquan for June, 1910, has a popular 
account of the subject, and in the Annals of 
the American Association of Political and 
Social Science, vol. xxviii, No. 2 (1906), is a 
more scientific discussion. 

7. Characterizations. — For recent esti- 
mates of woman's position see H. Addington 
Bruce, JVoman in the Making of America, 
ch. vii, or Ida Tarbell's Business of Being a 
ll'oman. T. W. Higginson's Common Sense 
About Women was published in 1881 and " Max 
O'Rell's " Jonathan and His Continent (ch. xi, 
xii ) nearly a decade later. The latter work 
gives a Frenchman's impression; other foreign 
views are to be found in Lord Bryce's Ameri- 
can Commomvealth (ch. cxii) and Munster- 
berg's The Americans (ch. xxii), while Scott 
Nearing's Woman and Social Progress is most 
interesting for its predictions of the future. 


g $age in 

Conducted by 
Edith Roberts Ramsburgh 

Drawings by 
Zoe Lee H. Anderson 


Among the famous " Robin Hood"s merry 
men " of Sherwood Forest, Nottinghamshire, is 
"Little John" (so called for his stature) John 
Nailer. This was between 1185-1200 at the time 
of the Norman sovereigns. The Naylor home 
was in Yorkshire. 

James Naylor, 1617-1660, joined the Parlia- 
mentary Army 1642 and was Quartermaster in 
Lambert's Horse. In 1651 he became a Quaker 
and preached in the North. For his utterances 
he was imprisoned for a short time but was re- 
leased and went to London in 1655. There he 
was again arrested and accused of blasphemy, 
sentenced to be pilloried in the New Palace 
Yard, London, his tongue to be pierced with 
hot iron and his forehead branded with " B " 
and himself to be whipped through the City 
of Bristol. 

He was released for a short time, when he 
published pamphlets, distinguished for depth of 
thought and beauty of expression. 

On the morning named for the carrying out 
of his punishment, Robert Rich, an influential 
friend, stood at the door of Parliament and 
besought each member to grant him relief from 
the sentence. This was refused. But the people, 
by one consent, stood bareheaded during the 
execution of his sentence, which he bore with 
much patience. He died from the effects before 
he could reach his home in Wakefield, Yorkshire. 

The American branch of this family settled 
in Middletown, Bucks County, Pa., one son 
moving to Kentucky, and another, John, moving 
to Baltimore, Maryland, in 1758, where he be- 
came a member of the " Gunpowder Meeting." 


Domesday census shows Ewen in Suffolk Co., 
Euings in Wiltshire, near the Welsh Co., 
Euens in Suffolkshire and Ewens in Herford- 
shire, which seems to prove that they were 
Anglo-Saxon, but the name existed among the 
Celts before the coming of the Angles 
or Saxons. 

Several of the Ancient " Kings of Scots " 
bore the name of Ewen and one of them was a 
distinguished leader of his race, in the wars 
against the Romans. 

In the sixteenth century, the Ewings acquired 
land in County Dumbarton, an ancient posses- 
sion of the Earls of Lennox, they also possessed 
estates in County Argyll. 

The Ewings are of Scottish extraction and 
were long settled in the West of Scotland, but 
the branches which came to America were of 
Scotch-Irish descent. They were Presby- 
terians and left their seat, which was on the 
River Forth, near Stirling Castle, in the vicinity 
of Loch Lomond, on account of religious per- 
secution. They finally settled at or near Cole- 
raine, County Londonderry of Ulster, North 
of Ireland. 

In the Battle of Boyne, 1690, Fenlay Ewing 
espoused the cause of William of Orange, and 
was rewarded for his valor in battle by being 
presented with a silver-handled sword. 

During the reign of George I, some of the 
Ewings embarked for America in the ship 
Eagle Wing and their descendants have spread 
through Maryland, Virginia, North Carolina, 
Kentucky and Tennessee, intermarrying with 
the Breckenridge, Cabell, Blaine, Field, Green, 
Mills and other prominent families whose mem- 
bers have held high civil and military offices. 


By Carrie B. Gault 
State Chairman, Magazine Committee 


HE Daughters of the American 
Revolution of Maryland on 
October 10, 1921, presented a 
bronze tablet inscribed with the 
American's Creed to the United 
States Battleship Maryland. 
trip down Chesapeake Bay on 

board the Porpoise to the battleship, 
anchored about eight miles from Annapo- 
lis, Md., was thoroughly enjoyed by 
several hundred members of the National 
Society. They were welcomed on the 
Maryland by Captain Preston, U. S. 
Navy, and his staff, and conducted to the 
starboard side of the battleship near the 
stern where the speaker's stand had been 
erected close to the tablet. 

As part of the elaborate ceremonies a 
Maryland State flag was presented to the 
battleship by Mrs. J. Charles Lincthicum, 
State Chaplain of Maryland, who spoke 
as follows : 

It is with a great deal of pleasure I accept 
the honor of presenting to the battleship the 
flag of our noble State of Maryland. The 
Maryland flag is unique in design, and well 
known in history. Though not adopted officially 
until 1904, it was the flag of the proprietary 
government before American Independence was 
dreamed of. It represents the escutcheon of 
the paternal Coat-of-Arms of Lord Baltimore. 

The Resolution of Adoption stated that the 
flag should be one which from the earliest 
settlement of the Province to the present time, 
has been known and distinguished as the Flag 
of Maryland. 

The Resolution then provided that the first 
and fourth quarters consist of six vertical 
bars, alternately gold and black, with a diagonal 
band on which the colors are reversed. The 

second and third quarters consist of a quartered 
field of red and white charged with a Greek 
Cross, its arms terminating in the trefoils, 
with the colors transposed, red being in the 
white ground and white on the red, as on 
the escutcheon of the present great seal 
of Maryland. 

The flag should always fly from the staff 
with the black stripes on the diagonal band of 
the first quarter at the top. 

It was this flag which was thrown to the 
breeze in 1634 when the Pilgrims landed at 
St. Mary's and founded their city. It flew 
at the mastheads of the two armed vessels, 
under command of Captain Cornwallis, sent by 
Governor Calvert to defend the rights of his 
Colony against Claiborne. 

The flag stands, as it has stood from the 
landing of the Colony at St. Mary's, for relig- 
ious toleration and freedom. The Toleration 
Act of 1649 introduced no new principle nor 
policy into the Government of the Colony. 
Maryland took the lead in religious freedom, 
and was the first community in modern times in 
which the civil was effectually separated from 
the ecclesiastical. Not only does this do high 
honor to the founders of Maryland, but it is of 
deep importance in the history of the world. 

The flag was flung to the breeze in the cause 
of Independence, when the gallant sons of 
Maryland marched and fought with the mighty 
men from the Colonies. To the troops under 
this flag was given great applause as they with 
others checked the British at North Point and 
Fort McHenry. 

In every war from the inception of the 
Nation, the troops of our State have won 
glory and success under the folds of this flag, 
which has stood for justice and right for more 
than three hundred years. 

In accepting the Maryland flag Captain 
Preston declared it would always be a 
source of pride to the men of the battle- 
ship and would encourage patriotism and 
acts of bravery. He then spoke of the 




meaning of the " bits of bunting " and 
how each Nation cherishes its flag. The 
Maryland flag was unfurled by Miss 
Mary Addison Page, daughter of William 

man of the committee in charge 
of arrangements. 

While the sailors and marines stood 
at attention. Mr. Pa^e recited the 

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Tyler Page, author of the " American's 
Creed " ; after which the bronze tablet 
was unveiled by little Miss Hildegarde 
Denmead, granddaughter of the State 
Regent, and Woodward Leakin Welsh, 
son of Mrs. Robert A. Welsh, chair- 

American's Creed. In presenting the 
tablet to the battleship, Mrs. Denmead, 
State Regent of Maryland, stated: 

Standing here on the deck of this battleship, 
the latest and best of its kind in modern per- 
fection and efficiency, my heart, as a native 



Marylander. swells with pride and pleasure 
that she bears the name of our beautiful 
and beloved State, Maryland, the "land 
of sanctuary."' 

I may say our beloved State is, in a way, 
the mother of the navy of the United States. 
One year before the United States, by virtue of 
the Declaration of Independence, bec-ame a 
constellation in the galaxy of nations and while 
the people of the Colonies were preparing 
for the great struggle for Independence, 
Maryland fitted out and embarked two ships 
of what afterwards became the nucleus of 
the navy of the United States of America. 

service of their Country, waxed valiant in 
fight and carried the Star Spangled Banner 
on to victory. 

To-day I am presenting to you, in the name 
of the Maryland Daughters of the American 
Revolution, a bronze Tablet inscribed with the 
American's Creed, the creed of liberty, love 
and unity. As this great ship plows through 
the blue waters of the Atlantic and Pacific, may 
the sentiment hereon inscribed be the means 
from which both officers and men draw inspira- 
tion to always man this magnificent leviathan 
with the true spirit of American love for 
independence, liberty and the protection of 


In the war with England in 1812 our navy 
gained unperishable glory in battling with the 
greatest sea power the world has ever known, 
and Maryland men were in the forefront of the 
officers of the Navy and Marine Corps who 
fought in that good fight, according to Mr. 
Theodore Roosevelt's history (240 in number). 
Maryland furnished more than any other State ; 
more than all New England combined; more 
than New York and New Jersey combined : 
more than Pennsylvania; more than Virginia 
and nearly double as many as all the States 
south of Virginia, and what shall I say more ? 
For time would fail me to tell of the long line 
of Maryland naval heroes reared by Maryland 
women, who did their full share in the glorious 

right. In the name of " Maryland, My 
Maryland," I present this Tablet to our name- 
sake the Battleship Maryland. 

May she never dip her colors except to 
victory and honor. 

Captain Preston's short speech of 
acceptance was followed by the playing 
of the National Anthem by the band of 
the battleship, and then the visitors were 
taken on a tour of inspection. Tea was 
served later, after which the visitors 
embarked on the Porpoise and then 
the return trip was made to Baltimore. 

To Insure Accuracy in the Reading of Names and Promptness in Publication 
Chapter Reports must be Typewritten EDITOR. 

-ps^m — -ry 

General Richardson Chapter (Pontiac, 
Mich.) On Memorial Day, 1921, unveiled a 
beautiful tablet in honor of the men of Oakland 
county, who laid down their lives during the 
Great War, and of Captain David Lewis 
Kimball, who died while he was in command of 
the old National Guard, on duty at the 
Mexican border. 

The unveiling took place in connection with 
the Memorial Day services, the parade halting 
at the Court House during the exercises. Mrs. 
Grace S'towell Smith made the presentation 
speech in behalf of the General Richardson 
Chapter, and while she was speaking, two 
American flags were drawn 
apart disclosing the beauti- 
ful tablet. 

The tablet is an attractive 
piece of bronze containing 
the names of the 103 men 
who died during the War. 
This in turn is surrounded 
by a handsome bronze frame. 

This was not the first 
bronze gift which this 
Chapter has given Oakland 
county. In 1916, during our 
centennial celebration, this 
Chapter placed a bronze tab- 
let, marking the spot where 
the first house in Pontiac 
stood and also giving the 
names of the three families 
who occupied it jointly 
during the first four months 
of its existence. 

General Richardson Chap- 
ter has also been one of the 
foremost in Michigan, to 
mark the graves of Revolu- 
tionary soldiers, having 
already marked over 
twenty graves with the 
bronze marker of the Na- 
tional Society. 
Belle Robinson Harper. 

Cumberland Chapter 

(Nashville, Tenn.). An event of especial interest 
to the Eleanor Wilson Chapter of Washington, 
D. C, and to the various patriotic organiza- 
tions of Nashville, Tenn., was the unveiling of 
a Revolutionary marker in the historic cemetery 
at Gallatin, honoring the memory of the Meck- 
lenburg Declaration of Independence, and rela- 
tive of Mrs. James C. Courts, Regent of our 
Chapter, and great grandfather of Mrs. Enna 
Wilson Noel. 

Cumberland Chapter had the distinction of 
being requested by the donors to arrange the 
placing of the marker and to conduct the cere- 
monies incident to the unveiling, which was held 


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on July 6, 1921, in the presence of a representa- 
tive gathering. 

Dr. George Stoves, Pastor of the West End 
Methodist Church of Nashville made a few 
very appropriate remarks on the life of this 
wonderful man, his inspiring patriotism and 
loyalty. Mrs. L. L. Gamble, rendered several 
verses of America, the audience joining in the 
chorus. As Auld Lang Syne was sung, the flag 
covering the marker was drawn aside by Mrs. 

deliberate on the Federal Constitution, he refused 
to give his approval, feeling that it lacked proper 
protection for rights of the people. He was one 
of the best surveyors of his day though he had 
pursued the study with little or no instruction. 
In 1792, he was chosen surveyor of Cabarras 
County, N. C. 

Zaccheus Wilson was reared near Newville, 
Pennsylvania, but removed to the Steele Creek 
Church neighborhood, Mecklenburg County, 


L. W. Edwards, lineal descendant of Robert 
Wilson, Sr., who was a brother of Zaccheus 
Wilson. The following inscription was on the 
marker : " Erected by the Eleanor Wilson 
Chapter and Enna Wilson Noel." 

Zaccheus Wilson was not only one of the 
signers of the Mecklenburg Declaration of 
Independence at the convention of May 20, 
1775, but was in every way a man of broad 
patriotism and public spirit. As Captain he led 
his Regiment at the Battle of King's Mountain. 
He was a member of the Provincial Congress 
of November 1776. As a member of the Con- 
vention held at Hillsboro, N. C, in 1788, to 

N. C, before the Revolution. He later moved 
to Gallatin in Summer County, Tenn., where he 
lies buried. 

He married Mrs. Elizabeth Conger Ross. 
Of this union there were born two sons, Stephen 
and Jonathan Wilson. The former was the 
grandfather of Mrs. Noel. 

Cumberland Chapter was represented at the 
unveiling by Mrs. H. W. Evans and Miss Louise 
Lindeley, former Regents, Mrs. J. Byron 
Martin and Mrs. J. O. Hendley. 

(Mrs. J. O.) Clare Hendley, 




Wyoming Valley Chapter (Wilkes Barre, 
Pa.) The season's first meeting, October 19, 
1920, "Yorktown day," was held at the home of 
Mrs. F. J. Weckhesser. There was a short busi- 
ness session, after which a lecture and musical 
program was rendered. Mr. W. E. Woodruff 
talked of Yorktown one hundred and thirty-nine 
years ago, giving many interesting facts con- 
cerning that memorable date. On December 
14th, the "Tercentenary of the landing of the 
Pilgrims" was celebrated, the Colonial Dames 
uniting with the Chapter. On February 22nd, 
there was a full and enthusiastic attendance, 
a member of the Chapter read Washington's 
Prayer, a paper written twenty-five years ago 
by a Chapter member, subject: "True Patriot- 
ism", was read by the daughter of the writer. 
On April 19th, "Lexington Day," a vivid account 
of the Battle of Lexington was read by one of 
the members, and an account of Paul Revere's 
ride by another. 

The Chapter has met all National and State 
requirements. Quota for the "Immigrants' 
Manual" was over-subscribed. The Mothers' 
Memorial Fountain to be erected at Plymouth, 
and the Painting for the War Museum in 
France, have been fully met. Thirty-five 
members have subscribed for the Daughters 
of the American Revolution Magazine, and 
the Regent, Miss Maffet gave a subscription to 
the Public Library. The Chapter has contri- 
buted 366 cards containing the "Creed" to the 
Boy Scouts, and has placed six large size copies 
of the "Constitution" in public places. Prizes 
have been offered to the students, one from 
each school, for the best examination in 
American History. 

The Berry school in Georgia continues one 
of the Chapter's obligations, having received 
$25. for a number of years. The Colonial 
Dames unite with the Chapter in supplying a 
teacher for Americanization work. Four mem- 
bers represented the Chapter at the State 
Conference held in Williamsport last October. 

There are one hundred and three names now 
on the Chapter roll, and several others are 
pending. One member has been transferred 
to another Chapter. 

The Washington Memorial at Valley Forge, 
for which an appeal was made, received $10. ; 
the Chinese famine fund, $25. ; the kindergarten 
federation, $25. ; one war orphan, $36.50 ; Amer- 
icanization teacher, $82.50; Berry school, $25. 

Complying with the State Regent's request, 
the Annual Meeting of the Chapter was held 
May 17, 1921, at which time the Board and 
Officers were reelected. 

Annette C. Line W t ells, 

Recording Secretary. 

Omaha Chapter (Omaha, Nebr.). At the 
May, 1919, meeting Mrs. Charles H. Aull 
reported that Nebraska stood at the head of 
the country in the distribution of flags and 
flag posters. Mrs. Allen reported many small 
flags had been bought to be used during the 
parade on Americanization Day. It was decided 
to set aside $100 for the Nebraska Memorial 
Monument to be erected in Lincoln in honor 
of all Nebraska soldiers. A spoon was sent to 
Miss Mary Wood in memory of her mother, a 
Charter member listed as No. 1. The amount 
of $100 was made up for the Old Trails Fund. 

Our State Chairman on Historic Relics, Mrs. 
Stubbs, reported that a cup and saucer used 
at a banquet given to La Fayette, be taken to 
Washington by Mrs. Aull. A Christmas box, 
and also an American Flag, was sent to our 
French Orphan, for which we received a 
letter of thanks. 

Mrs. George E. Mickel has been active as 
organizing secretary of the Children of the 
American Revolution, and the Chapter in 
Omaha with nearly 100 members, is among the 
very first to be organized in the state. Miss 
Katherine Hilliard gave an account of the 
Calhoun Celebration on September 19, 1919, 
where the D.A.R. participated in the 100th 
Anniversary of the founding of Fort Calhoun, 
Nebraska, originally Fort Atkinson. 

Our Mrs. C. H. Aull, Vice President from 
Nebraska, with her sister, Mrs. George Thacher 
Guernsey, then President General of the 
National D.A.R. , went in August, 1919, to help 
plan the restoration of the French Village 
Tilloloy, giving us most interesting information 
in regard to the $52,000 donated by the D.A.R. 
to the village. 

The two solid silver sandwich plates pre- 
sented by Omaha Chapter to Memorial Conti- 
nental Hall at a cost of $60, were marked with 
the Chapter name. 

The State Conference was held in Hastings. 
It was reported the program was excellent and 
hospitality gratifying in the extreme. 

June 14, 1919. Flag Day, was celebrated with 
a luncheon at the Prettiest Mile Club. The 
retiring Regent, Mrs. Allen, gave a farewell 
talk, summing up the results of her two years' 
work of unusual demands during the recent 
Great War, followed by Mrs. Larmon's excel- 
lent report of the Continental Congress presided 
over by Mrs. Guernsey. 

The October, 1920, meeting at the home of 
Mrs. Metcalf with our new Regent, Mrs. 
Robert A. Finley. in the chair, was the occasion 
of a delightful musicale under the direction of 
Mrs. I. C. Wood, Chairman Program Com- 
mittee. Mrs. Finley has been untiring in Near 
East Relief Work, and has brought several 
prominent workers to the city in relief cam- 



paigns. The talk given by Miss Katherine 
McCormick, National Speaker for Red Cross 
and Near East Relief, was so convincing that 
she touched our hearts deeply and a large 
subscription was made to this worthy cause. 
The Chapter also rendered splendid service in 
the local Red Cross membership drive. 

Mrs. Harriet MacMurphy has contributed an 
interesting article to the Nebraska State His- 
torical Society and presented a necklace owned 
for seventy-five years by Mrs. Henry 
Fontenelle, pioneer Indian woman, at the 44th 
annual meeting of the organization in Lincoln. 

The Chapter responded gladly to the call 
from Mrs. Minor, our President General, for a 
per capita tax to defray the expense of pub- 
lishing an Immigrants' Manual ; also a gift of 
a Memorial Fountain at Plymouth Rock, in 
honor of the Pilgrim Mothers ; and third, the 
gift to the French Government of a painting of 
a Convoy of Transports carrying American 
troops. The sum was met by a 60-cent per 
capita tax, and taken to Washington by our 
Vice President General, Mrs. Aull, to the 
Continental Congress in April. We were one 
of eight Government organizations asked to 
participate in this Memorial which is to be 
placed in the War Museum of Paris in enduring 
remembrance of the sacrifice of the Allies. 

At the Annual State Conference in Columbus 
a motion, recommended by Mrs. Larmon, 
Chapter Registrar, that the Nebraska Daughters 
furnish a room in the new D A.R. Administra- 
tion Building being erected in the rear of 
Memorial Continental Hall at Washington, at 
a cost of approximately $1000, was adopted. 

Omaha Chapter has done much to inspire 
patriotic education. Prizes have been offered 
for Historical Essays and $40 was appropriated 
by Omaha Chapter to sponsor a float in the 
patriotic parade in connection with the Tercen- 
tenary Celebration of the landing of the 
Pilgrims. Scholarships of $50 were given as 
usual to the Martha Berry school. 

Five dollars of the State Fund was given 
for the American International College. We 
are continuing to support our French Orphan, 
and the usual yearly allowance is being sent. 

Liberal contributions were also made to 
relieve the condition of the starving Chinese. 
It was suggested by Mrs. R. C Hoyt and 
adopted, that the amount usually paid for 
refreshments at Chapter meetings, be turned 
over to the above purpose, for the remainder 
of the year, which, with personal contributions, 
totalled about $75 for Chinese Relief Fund. 

Mrs. Allen gave her report of the annual 
meeting Continental Congress, held in April. The 
year closes with a Chapter membership of 200. 

During the past two years each member of 
this Chapter has made it a point of honor to 
use her best efforts to promote its patriotic 
purposes. More members have attended the 
regular meetings, showing an increased interest 
in patriotic work and many enjoyable social 
occasions have been held. 

Josephine W. Shipman, 

Historian pro. tern. 

Genesee Chapter (Flint, Mich.). The 
annual meeting of Genesee Chapter is held in 
December. At the meeting in December, 1920, 
the following officers were elected : Regent, 
Mrs. F. W. Swan ; First Vice Regent, Mrs. 
G. E. Pomeroy; Second Vice Regent, Mrs. 
Harry Demorest ; Secretary, Mrs. H. G. 
Trembly ; Treasurer, Mrs. M. E. Smith ; 
Registrar, Mrs. W. V. Smith ; Historian, Mrs. 
E. C. Smith, Jr. ; Counselor, Mrs. M. S. 
Keeney ; Chaplain, Mrs. Alary McConnelly. 
These officers have worked faithfully during 
the past year and there has been displayed 
a friendly spirit of cooperation between officers 
and members, all working together with but 
one aim, the good of the Chapter. Fourteen 
new members have joined us during the 
past year, sixty-six Daughters now being 
enrolled. An excellent program has been 
prepared for each meeting. 

In May we entertained at luncheon our State 
Regent, Miss Alice Louise McDuffee, who gave 
us an interesting report of the meeting of 
Continental Congress in April. We had the 
great pleasure of entertaining our Vice Presi- 
dent General, Mrs. W. H. Wait, at the 
September meeting. Mrs. Wait inspired all 
those present with her earnest and enthusiastic 
talk regarding the future work of the 
Daughters along the lines of patriotic education. 

Flag Day, Constitution Day, and the Birth- 
days of Washington and Lincoln were all 
observed fittingly. The Chapter has secured 
a room in our Central high school, for the 
placing of records, genealogical books, maga- 
zines, etc., which may be used by the general 
public for research work, as well as by the 
Daughters. Our welfare work has consisted 
in donations of sweaters, caps, mittens, etc., 
to the Child Welfare Home, besides liberal 
individual contributions. 

As Flint is a manufacturing city with many 
foreign born in its midst, we have a wonderful 
opportunity for work along Americanization 
lines. The Chapter pays $5 a month towards 
the organized Americanization work of the city. 

Our work consisted in helping to make 
Christmas last year a little brighter for the 
kindergarten children of the Fairview school, 
which is the Americanization educational centre 
of Flint, and to which we have, both as a 



Chapter and individually, contributed hundreds 
of books and magazines. For our gifts, we 
purchased an outfit of colored electric bulbs, to 
be used yearly on the tree, made and filled 100 
fancy paper bags with popcorn, also gave a 
bushel of apples, 70 candy canes and 70 books. 

There were twelve Daughters present at the 
State Conference held in Detroit in October. 
Our Chapter was highly honored by having one 
of its most loyal Daughters, Mrs. G. E. 
Pomeroy, elected as State Chairman. We 
pledged at the Conference as part of our 
Americanization work during the coming year 
a scholarship of $275 to the American Inter- 
national College at Springfield, Mass. We 
have been 100 per cent, in our state budget and 
the three national causes. Money has been 
earned by means of sales and teas. Our receipts 
for the past year has been $461 35. We have 
also a savings account of $200 and $650 in 
Liberty Loan Bonds. 

We cannot say enough in praise of our 
Regent, who with untiring zeal and devotion 
has so efficiently guided the Chapter through 
a prosperous and happy year. 

Mabel Thorpe Smith, 

Chemeketa Chapter (Salem, Oregon). At 
the annual election of officers in January, 1919, 
an interesting installation ceremony was in- 
augurated to become a permanent feature of 
the Chapter. At this time the Chapter was five 
years old and numbered thirty-five members. 
During the year eight new members were taken 
in, and during the following five were added, 
and in a short time the necessary two to give 
us our desired fifty members. 

Chemeketa Chapter was 100 per cent, on 
Liberty Bonds, Tilloloy, subscription to the 
Woman's Building at University of Ohio, and 
also our contribution of five cents per capita 
for the Guernsey scholarship. 

Along the lines of Americanization during 
the two years, the Birthday of George 
Washington was celebrated in 1919 with 
a successful afternoon's program at the 
Armory, consisting of an address and music 
by the pupils of the public schools ; and in 
1920 a public celebration, also at the Armory, 
at which time the French War Medals were 
distributed to the parents of our fallen heroes. 
In 1921 the members of the Chapter in groups 
visited the public schools and gave short talks. 
The Chapter has attended naturalization cere- 
monies, presented a silk flag to the high school ; 
caused to be distributed in the schools and 
memorized, the American's Creed ; offered 
prizes for the best essays on Americanization ; 
held a profitable and instructive open meeting 
on Constitution with appropriate address ; and 

aided in a material way the success of 
Americanization Day at the State Fair during 
both years. We have contributed to the 
National Library one book, Letters from an 
Oregon Ranch, and issues of an Historical 
Oregon Paper for several years. 

Chemeketa Chapter has contributed her quota 
to the social obligations of the chapters by 
entertaining the members of the State Board 
during one of their sessions, with a luncheon 
followed by a public reception, which stands 
out as a pleasant memory of comradeship. 
Also the State Conference of March, 1921, was 
held in Salem, with Chemeketa Chapter and 
Sarah Childress Polk Chapter as joint host- 
esses. The sessions were held in the State 
House. One unusual and appropriate feature 
of the Conference was the dinner donated and 
served to the members by the Patriotic 
Women's organizations of Salem. A reception 
was held on Friday evening of the Conference, 
to which the public was invited. 

Mrs. Seymour Jones, 

Retiring Regent. 

Westfield Chapter (Westfield, N. J.,) was 
organized March 3, 1920, with thirteen members 
as a nucleus. Under the able leadership of the 
Regent, Mrs. Walter H. Allen, we have grown 
rapidly, having now a membership of seventy- 
six. In appreciation of her untiring service, 
the Chapter gave Mrs. Allen a regent's bar. 
The Chapter was also the recipient of a hand- 
some American flag with standard, the gift of 
the charter members. We have held regular 
monthly meetings and have observed all 
patriotic days. 

Westfield celebrated its two hundredth anni- 
versary by an historical pageant, staged within 
the grounds of the old Revolutionary church, 
the historical data being compiled by the Vice 
Regent, Mrs. Edward F. Low. The Chapter 
was asked to mark, by placards, historic spots 
in the vicinity. 

One pleasant occasion was the reception ten- 
dered by Nova Csesarea Chapter, the oldest in 
the State of New Jersey, to the Westfield 
Chapter, the youngest. An event of the 
afternoon was the presentation of the charter 
to the Westfield Chapter by the State Regent, 
Mrs. Henry D. Fitts Mrs. Fitts complimented 
the Chapter upon its rapid progress and a 
fitting response was made by our Regent, 
Mrs. Allen. 

We have given to Washington Headquarters, 
Plainfield ; to the State scholarship for the 
International College, at Springfield, Alass. ; 
to the Memorial Fountain for Pilgrim Mothers ; 
the Sarah Guernsey scholarship ; the War 
Painting and Manual for Immigrants ; the 
Roosevelt Memorial Fund ; the Hoover Fund 



and the Near East Relief; to St. Paul's 
Episcopal Guild ; the Girls' Scout Camp ; the 
Children's Country Home and to numer- 
ous charities. 

A prize was given for the best essay by a 
high school pupil on the subject, "Reasons for 
success of the American Revolution." A prize 
has also been offered in the eighth grade to 
the pupil having the best history record for the 
year. Each year an American flag is to be 
presented to the high school, this flag to fly 
each day at the mast and it is to be given, 

ary soldiers were found and decorated with 
Betsy Ross flags. A hand-lettered copy con- 
taining the names of the Revolutionary 
soldiers, also a beautiful wreath of galax 
leaves bearing the dates 1776-1921. were placed 
(Hi the entrance gates of the cemetery. 
Probably the last survivor of the Revolution, 
on the Colonial side, lies buried in this sacred 
spot The war records prove him to be 
William Clark, of New Jersey, who died 
in 1853. 

We are making a war record of personal 


upon graduation, to the honor pupil of the class. 
The history department of the high school 
received a gift of seventy-five catechisms of the 
United States Constitution and also seventy-five 
copies of the Mayflower Compact. A shelf 
of books on History and Biography was given 
to the public school library. Two subscriptions 
to the Daughters of the American Revolu- 
tion Magazine were donated ; one to the high 
school, the other to the Public Library. 

A Salvage Bureau has been formed by the 
Conservation and Thrift Committee and a very 
successful Salvage Bazaar was held. A part of 
the money made at that time has been devoted 
to Americanization work. 

The Chapter was asked by the Mayor to 
suggest names for certain streets. It was 
recommended that names of soldiers who had 
made the supreme sacrifice be given and that 
a gold star be placed above each name. This 
suggestion was favorably received and the 
ordinance was adopted. 

The Grand Army of the Republic invited us 
and the Sons of the American Revolution to 
take charge of the old Revolutionary burial 
ground. The graves of thirty-three Revolution- 

non-military service of members of the 
Chapter. This record is to be kept as a 
chapter file. 

An attractive tea house has been opened — 
the color scheme of the furnishings being 
Colonial buff and blue. Also in connection 
with this enterprise we have a Woman's 
Exchange and Gift Shop. 
(Mrs. R. O.) Florence Brainerd Pierson, 


Saratoga Chapter (Saratoga Springs, 
N. Y.), is the only Chapter of Saratoga Springs 
— taking its name from the Battle of Saratoga, 
which determined the fate of the Revolution, 
and which is named in history as one of the 
fifteen decisive battles of the world. 

At the present time a bill is before Congress, 
asking for a " survey of the Battlefield and the 
compilation and preservation of data respecting 
that historic engagement." A number of times 
this matter has been brought before the State 
Legislature, and always Saratoga Chapter has 
worked for the passage of the bill. At the 
November, 1921, meeting the secretary of the 
Chapter was instructed to write to our 
Congressman and Senators at Washington, 
interceding for the passage of the present bill, 



presented by Senator Wm. M. Calder, of New- 
York. The Regent also wrote and asked that 
all members of the Chapter do likewise. This 
matter is not of interest to Saratoga Chapter 
alone, but to D.A.R. Chapters everywhere. 
Historic events that affect the entire country 
are never local. 

Saratoga Chapter has during the past year 
continued its customary activities. For many 
years Saratoga Chapter has been interested in 
the erection of a new fence around Putnam 
Cemetery. This burial ground is in the oldest 
part of the city, surrounded by the homes of 
the foreign-born, and in a sad state of dilapi- 
dation. The Regent, Mrs. Eleanor Day 
Davenport, and the First Vice Regent, Mrs. 
Louise Bailey Kelley, interviewed the city coun- 
cil, and showed a copy of the State Law which 
provides that any cemetery, not having had a 
burial within a certain number of years must 
be cared for by the city. The former asked 
that a substantial fence be placed around the 
cemetery, in which she had discovered the 
grave of a Revolutionary soldier, Captain 
Arnold Bliven. Her request was granted and 
she was able to announce at the March, 1921, 
meeting that the fence, costing over $1300 was 
in place. 

At the July 4th meeting, the present Regent 
brought to the notice of the Chapter that the 
early pioneers of Saratoga were also interred 
in this cemetery. She asked the Chapter if it 
would consider the placing of a bronze tablet 
upon the gates and have the unveiling a public 
ceremony. Favorable action was taken and the 
date for the event set for October 17th, the 
anniversary of the Battle of Saratoga. The cere- 
monies took place, however, on October 15th. 

Now that Saratoga Chapter stands sponser 
for the care of this historic spot it will keep 
an eye upon it, making yearly pilgrimages, and 
continue the study of its history. A type- 
written list of the burials recorded by 
Cornelius E. Durkee in 1876, was made by 
Miss Martha Edna Bosworth, Second Vice 
Regent of Saratoga Chapter. It was found 
that the inscription on about ninety stones are 
legible, fourteen were removed to Greenridge 
Cemetery and the remainder are destroyed. 
A search of those standing, reveals the dates 
of proper age for service at the time of the 
Revolution. The Regent has faithfully endeav- 
ored to prove these and not been able to, 
although some of these names appear on the 
Revolutionary Roll. 

Twenty Revolutionary Graves have been 
located by the Regent and a list of fourteen sent 
in to Mrs. De Laporte, Chairman of the New- 
York State Committee of Historic Research 
and Preservation of Records. It is expected 

that Saratoga Chapter will place a Revolution- 
ary marker on these graves of Saratoga County, 
thus helping to preserve the record of those 
who aided in obtaining American independence. 
(Miss) Frances M. Ingalls, 

The New Castle Chapter (Webster City, 
Iowa), Mrs. Robert E. Jones, Regent, has 
recently realized a long-cherished dream that 
some day we might collect the articles of 
historical and antique interest owned in this 
community and display them. No one imag- 
ined, however, that such a wealth of cherished 
heirlooms could be gathered in our little city. 

Three of the large club and assembly rooms 
in our beautiful Library building were soon 
filled to overflowing and still the resources 
were quite unexhausted. To quote from the 
Daily News: 

" Never was such a quantity of interesting 
curios been assembled in the history of the 
town; there are objects for which many a 
collector would gladly pay an enormous sum." 

The walls were covered with ancient tapes- 
tries, rare coverlets and quilts, one of these 
being made by a daughter of Betsy Ross in 
1840 of white with appliqued flowers of chintz 
brought from France. Antique jewels and 
goldsmith's work were displayed in show cases. 
Space forbids even a passing mention of these 
treasures dating back to Colonial or Revolution- 
ary days. Rare china, ancient silhouettes ; 
weapons that once blazed death at Indians or 
enemy ; crests and insignia worn by men who 
died on the plains of Waterloo. 

On shelves and tables were displayed quaint 
and valuable volumes yellow with age, and 
autographs of men who have helped make our 
national history, Thomas Jefferson, James 
Madison, Lincoln and others. 

One can scarcely estimate the educational 
value of such an exhibit, and it is a matter for 
congratulation that hundreds of school children 
had the opportunity of seeing it. The begin- 
nings, the causes of the Revolutionary War 
must seem less like dry history, more real and 
vivid, when one can examine a stamp such as 
was the immediate cause of the outbreak known 
as the Boston Tea Party. 

And perhaps after one had exclaimed over 
the jewels and old silver, the autographs, the 
historic uniforms and swords, after all, it is 
not strange that there was always a group 
who lingered by the pair of baby shoes, known 
to be over 200 years old — such stout little shoes 
for such tiny, tiny feet. 

Many gained a fresh realization of what life 
must have meant to those who blazed the 
trails when they saw the household implements, 
the home-made devices for making life com- 
fortable for the children who grew up in those 
pioneer homes. 



This remarkable exhibit was maintained for 
a week, during which time thousands from this 
and surrounding counties had an opportunity 
to share in the enjoyment and education which 
it afforded. C. C. W. 

Deborah Wheelock Chapter (Uxbridge, 
Mass.), during 1921, under its new Regent, 
Airs. Jane Wheelock Root, has had a most 
successful year, engaging in many and diverse 
activities. In this report the work only of the 
Patriotic Education Committee, which has been 
of unusual interest, is covered. 

The grounds surrounding the Chapter House 
have recently been laid out as a garden. Here 
in this beautiful setting one afternoon of last 
August a pageant was held in honor of the 
woman for whom the Chapter was named, 
Deborah Wheelock ; her direct descendants 
taking the principal parts. The pageant was 
arranged by the Chairman of the Patriotic 
Education Committee, and was written to tell 
local history and planned to utilize the old 
house, the home of Deborah and her husband, 
Simeon, as a centre from which generations 
of families came upon the garden stage. An 
orchestra played for the entrances, dances, 
interludes and exits, binding the separate units 
into a harmonious whole. 

It opened with an episode in an English 
garden, where the wife of the first Wheelock 
who came to America, with her little son, 
Gershom, was working among the flowers ; 
while a group of children gave an English 
folk dance. The father, Ralph, a Puritan 
minister, came upon the scene, the neigh- 
borhood children ran away, and a dialogue 
followed that told of a letter that had 
just been received by the father from his 
Bishop. In it a warning was given that he 
neither " preach, read, marry, bury or exercise 
any ministerial function in any part on my 
Diocese, for if you do, and I hear 
of it, I'll be on your back and fol- 
low you wherever you go in any 
part of the kingdom and so ever- 
lastingly disenable you." This 
communication, which was copied 
from an actual letter of an English 
Bishop of the period, caused con- 
sternation. Husband and wife 
talked of the new land that might 
be their refuge, where though they 
exposed themselves to hardships and 
the wiles of the redmen, yet they 
might worship God after the dic- 
tates of their own conscience. Sor- 
rowfully the family went into the 
house, thinking of the future that lay 
before them ; while a boy soprano 
sang " America the Beautiful." 

The second episode was in Alendon, Mass., 
and showed a scene outside the home of the 
first Wheelock to settle there and William 
Blackstone, the pioneer of the valley, came 
to call upon his neighbor. The dialogue was 
taken from " Historical Plays for Colonial 
Days," and centred around the apples which 
Blackstone had brought as a present from his 
orchard near Lonsdale, R. I. The little girls 
in quaint Puritan dress had never seen any 
before ; and, as they looked like tomatoes, 
thought that they might be the pomegranates of 
their fairy tales. Benjamin Wheelock hoped 
to have them growing in Mendon before 
another year. 

The third episode was closely connected 
with the house. Simeon Wheelock, who built 
it, was a Revolutionary soldier ; being in the 
militia, answering the Lexington alarm, and 
others during that troublesome time. After 
the close of actual hostilities he continued his 
membership, and so in December, 1786. was 
called to go to Worcester to help in quelling 
Shays' Rebellion. It was at this time when 
he was absent that the scene in the pageant 
was staged. He had seven children who were 
left at home with their mother, and one son, 
the oldest, whom he took with him. The chil- 
dren's ages ranged in years from a daughter 
twenty-two to a baby boy of two ; and they 
were all in the scene. As the episode opened 
the Wheelock girls came out of the house, one 
of them the present-day Deborah helping a 
sister carry the family cradle in which all of 
Simeon's and Deborah's children had been 
rocked. It was placed in the garden and the 
oldest daughter brought the baby, Jerry 
Wheelock, and sat him in it. This Jerry 
Wheelock with his partners was the first 
woolen manufacturer in Uxbridge. The baby 
who represented him was Arthur Wheelock, a 
direct descendant, whose grandfather and 




father are now the Wheelock manufacturers 
of the town. The girls romped across the 
lawn, joining some neighborhood friends in a 
Virginia Reel. As the dance drew to a close 
the mother, Deborah, came from a trip to the 
village store, and the children crowded about 
her and told her their news of the day. The 
seventeen-year-old boy came in from work on 
the farm asking news of his father. Deborah 
reported that the troops had moved on towards 
Springfield, and voiced her fears for the absent 
ones. A galloping horse was seen to enter the 
driveway ; a child cried, " Look ! Here is 
Royal," and the oldest son came rushing on 
the scene bearing his father's musket and tell- 
ing the sad news that his father had been taken 
sick from exposure and died. The family went 
weeping into the house, giving place to a group 
of present-day children who entertained with 
modern and interpretative dances. The pageant 
closed with a Processional in which all the 
performers marched. 

Fifty dollars of the fund raised has been 
sent to the International College at Springfield ; 
two hundred American's Creed Cards have been 
purchased ; a contribution has been given 
towards a local historical pamphlet that the 
American Legion is publishing ; and some 
money is still on hand to purchase copies of 
the Immigrants' Manual. 

On the Friday previous to Memorial Day 
the Chairman, accompanying the representa- 
tives of the Grand Army and the American 
Legion, gave patriotic talks before the pupils 
in six school buildings. This visitation has 
been a custom for many years, but this is the 
first time that the Daughters of the American 
Revolution have been represented. 

Beatrice P. Sprague, 
Chairman of the Patriotic Education 

Independence Pioneers' Chapter (Inde- 
pendence, Mo.). The program of the Missouri 
Centennial celebration at Independence, which 
.took place on the 7th and 8th of October, 
1921, was carried out by the D.A.R. committee 
appointed by Mrs. Overton Gentry, Regent, and 
members of the D.A.R. 

The chairman of this committee was Mrs. 
H. P. Wherritt, who worked with untiring zeal 
in this patriotic movement. Members of the 
committee were, vis.: Mrs. W. L. Webb (ex- 
State Historian D.A.R), Mrs. M. H. 
Dickinson, Mrs. Rowland Procter and Mrs. 
E. L. Brown. It was decided to ask the 
assistance of the different organizations and the 
business departments of the town. Outside the 
D.A.R. the organizations taking part were the 
U.D.C., the Legion, the Eastern Star and the 
Chamber of Commerce. 

On the afternoon of the 7th a parade was 
given in which the surrounding towns took 
part, and the adjoining country known as "Six 
Mile." The parade was divided into historical 
periods. The first epoch, or early period, was 
represented by Indians in two floats. Then 
came Daniel Boone. A prairie schooner drawn 
by oxen was early in the procession ; also an 
old stage-coach drawn by four horses. Occu- 
pants of this coach were Missouri pioneers. 
The first trading post in Jackson County was 
represented by Blue Springs. Notable was the 
landing of Major George C. Sibley and his 
wife, Mary Easton Sibley, in a keel boat. This 
float containing George C. Sibley, the Indian 
agent, and Mrs. Sibley, the " Bride of the Wil- 
derness," was a prominent feature of the 
parade. Conspicuous was the float bearing 
Father De Smet teaching the Indians, put on 
by the Catholic citizens. The first log church 
built in Jackson County was erected in the 
district known as " Six Mile." That district 
was represented in parade by a miniature 
church of logs as featuring that event. 

Paramount for excellence of design and 
striking pageantry was the D.A.R. float, bear- 
ing Mrs. M. H. Dickinson as the Goddess of 
Liberty. Revolutionary regimental colors 
entwined the emblematic spinning wheel. 

In a float bearing the dates 1860-1865 
appeared women in costume dancing the 
minuet. The float from " Sugar Creek " dis- 
played " All nationalities." 

Of historic interest was the U.D.C. feature 
with its three flags under whose folds stood 
General Sterling Price. One was the old 
Missouri State flag, another the Confederate 
flag, and the United States flag — Old 
Glory — under all of which Price fought 
as a commander. 

The high school of Independence put on an 
historic float. After the parade the crowd 
assembled around the great flagpole in the 
Court House yard to hear speeches by promi- 
nent citizens, chief of whom was Dr. N. P. 
Wood, who delivered an eloquent address on 
" Missouri," closing his discourse by reading 
the poem, " The Birthday of Missouri," by Mrs. 
W. L. Webb, Poet Laureate Missouri D.A.R. 
and of the State Division U.D.C. Here beneath 
the flag that floated eighty feet above the vast 
concourse of people, the unique ceremony was 
performed of cutting " Missouri's Birthday 
Cake " — a cake composed of one hundred eggs, 
and lighted with an hundred candles. 

On the evening of October 7th a pageant 
of historical import was effectively carried out, 
as a part of the same movement, at the high 
school, and repeated on the evening of the 8th. 
The pageant of the evenings of the 7th and 8th 
was given in the following order. First, the 



prologue: Father Time weaving tapestry across 
the stage ; two rivers, the Missouri and 
Alississippi. in dialogue ; miners, trappers, 
Indian children; the Spirit of Gold; Monks 
and Priests. Episode 1 — Founding of Ste. 
Genevieve. Episode 2 — Coming of Daniel 
Boone — blazing the way, etc. Episode 3 — The 
Missouri Compromise — by Legion men. Epi- 
sode 4 — Doniphan's Expedition. Episode 5 — 
Scenes from the Civil War (Order No. 11). 
Episode 6— The spirit of 1917-1918. Episode 
7 — Keep the home fires burning. A thirty-piece 
orchestra rendered appropriate music for 
each episode. 

(Mrs. W. L.) Mabei.i.e Brown Webb, 


Mary Clap Wooster Chapter (New Haven, 
Conn.). When asked about the Americanization 
work carried on through the public schools, 
we glibly reply. " Oh, it is wonderful." 
How much do we know of it from 
personal observation? 

Members of our Chapter can answer intelli- 
gently for, at their December meeting, they 
and their friends met at Prince street school, 
in the very heart of the foreign section of the 
city. For an hour previous to the time for 
beginning the regular program, those present 
went from room to room, getting a clear idea 
of what the school is accomplishing. There are 
fifteen nationalities in attendance and, in the 
room for immigrants, all ages come together 
to learn English. At the top of the building 
is an open-air room for children of tubercular 
tendencies. In the basement are appliances for 
manual training classes. There is a school 
orchestra which furnished the music for the 
afternoon. In each grade visitors remarked on 
the excellent spirit shown and on the happy, 
intelligent faces of the pupils. 

After the business part of the regular pro- 
gram, the audience was addressed by Miss 
Webster, the efficient Principal of the school. 
She gave a detailed account of the various 
activities of the pupils. There are basket ball 
teams and other athletic organizations ; debat- 
ing societies ; a Loyalty League (a good citizen- 
ship club). Meetings are held which bring 
the parents in touch with the helpful influences 
of the school. The building is in almost 
constant use, except on Saturday and Sunday. 
There is a large assembly hall where entertain- 
ments may be given or forums and lectures 
on current topics bring together old and young. 
The definite purpose underlying every activity 
is education in the broadest sense of the word, 
not just the brains of the scholars, but their 
physical, moral and spiritual natures as well. 

Later in the afternoon, Mrs. Charles M. 
Bissell, State Vice Regent, better known as 

National Magazine Chairman, gave a most 
delightful account of the recent D.A.R. trip 
abroad, when she was one of the President 
General's party. 

Readers need only turn to the December 
number of the Magazine for a detailed account 
of what was seen and done last summer by our 
leaders. An interesting side trip was that made 
to the home of Rosa Bonheur, the artist. 
Though it is now the residence of an American 
family, the studio is just as the painter left it, 
even to a half finished picture on the wall. 
Part of the house served as a hospital during 
the late war. 

After the conclusion of the program, refresh- 
ments were served in the cheerful kindergarten 
of the school, members of the Chapter acting 
as hostesses. All who attended this novel and 
entertaining near view of public school 
Americanization work voted it one of the most 
delightful and instructive meetings ever held 
by Mary Clap Wooster Chapter. We commend 
this departure from the ordinary program to 
all chapters situated in centres of our 
foreign population. 

Harriette P. Marsh. 


Louis Joliet Chapter (Joliet, 111.) has 
reason to rejoice over the work accomplished 
in the past year or two. Its war work was a 
credit to any organization and its labors since 
have been in keeping with reconstruction. 

Our Americanization Committee led by the 
Chairman. Mrs. Emma Gaskill, has been active 
along various lines and has endeavored to 
cooperate with the work being done by the 
classes at the high school. Flags were pre- 
sented to each child of those taking out their 
final papers, also a copy of the American's 
Creed and the Salute to the Flag. 

Much help has been given the workers in 
the Child Welfare movement in garments, time 
and money. We also had a representative on 
the Public Health Council and assisted actively 
in the work being done by that body, also 
giving them financial support. The Chairman 
of the Flag Committee distributed Flag Codes 
in the schools, also copies of the " Flag of the 
United States " to the Americanization classes. 

An outstanding event was the planting of a 
beautiful Mountain Ash in the Court House 
yard in honor of Dr. William Harwood. one 
of our ablest physicians who gave his life in 
France for the cause of humanity. The cere- 
monies were both fitting and imposing. 

We celebrated in the winter our tenth birth- 
day anniversary with our honored Regent. Mrs. 
Chubbuck. as our guest. It was a most 
felicitous occasion. 

Inspired by so delightful an event we also 



celebrated " everybody's birthday " at a George 
Washington Tea. Many and beautiful were 
the costumes, the tableaux timely, and the 
collection generous. Each was supposed to put 
in a penny for every year. The bag that 
received them being roomy and dark it never 
told whether the pennies dropped in represented 
more than the years numbered nor, be it whis- 
pered, considerably less. Suffice it to say the 
sum of $50 was received, which has been put 
away in a fund with the hope of some time 
entertaining the State Conference. At this time 
we were apprised of the donation of $1000 
left by our beloved Mrs. Luella Westphal, to 
be used toward a permanent home. This was 
received not only with a sense of gratitude, 
but of reverence for the gracious soul whose 
loving loyal heart prompted so beautiful a gift. 

That we might prove the truth of the words, 
" It is more blessed to give than to receive," 
the Chapter has given $50 to the Child Welfare 
Station; $5 to the Martha Berry school; $2 
Christmas cheer for the Students' American 
International College ; 65 cents per capita for 
work in the National Society ; $5 to the Tribune 
Memorial Fund : $5 to Associated Charities of 
Joliet: $10 to the Y.W.C.A. Fund. 

We presented Rogers Group, Weighing the 
Baby, to the Child Welfare Station, also the 
book Valley Forge to the Joliet Township high 
school, and sponsored the celebration of 
Lincoln's Birthday at the latter place. 

Silk flags were purchased to be used in the 
Americanization ceremonies conducted by the 
city schools for the children of men in the 
naturalization classes. A silent pledge was 
made by which $123.75 was received, also an 
attic to cellar sale which netted us $65. Our 
Ancestor's Luncheon in March was a delight- 
ful affair, at which each one told something of 
importance regarding the ancestor or ancestors 
through whom they are eligible to the Society. 

\\ e have reason to congratulate ourselves 
upon the corps of very efficient officers who 
have served so faithfully in their respective 
places. Our most able secretary, Mrs. Alice 
Corlett, has been chosen to be our Regent for 
the coining year. Our membership numbers 
116, with several papers pending in Washington. 

The year's work closed with our Flag Day 
celebration held as for a number of years, as 
guests of Mrs. Antoinette McGowan, a descend- 
ant of John Aldeu, who is matron of the 
Soldiers' Widows' Home at Wilmington. A 
fitting program and a picnic luncheon made it 
an occasion long to be remembered. 



Marietta Chapter (Marietta, Ohio). The 
unveiling of a bronze tablet on Campus Martius 

House by the Ohio Daughters for the Marietta 
Chapter, took place on September 28, 1921, at 
Marietta, Ohio. 

Marietta, settled in 1788 and named for Marie 
Antoinette, is situated at the confluence of the 
Muskingum and Ohio rivers. On the occasion 
of the unveiling we had as visitors Edwin 
Earle Sparks, President Emeritus of Penn. 
State College : C. B. Galbraith, Chairman of 
the State Archological Society; Mrs. William 
Wilson Magee, State Regent; Mrs. Eugene 
Kennedy, State Chairman of Historic Spots, 
and other representatives of the original states 
of the Northwest territory. 

The ceremony took place in the presence of 
a crowd which filled the street about Campiis 
Martius House, which has stood for one hun- 
dred and thirty-one years on the present site. 

The presentation of the tablet was made by 
Mrs. Kennedy, who spoke of the work of the 
D.A.R. towards restoration of the old house 
and congratulating the city on having the his- 
toric building within its doors. Mr. Galbraith 
formally accepted the tablet for the Society — ■ 
" I accept this beautiful and historic tablet 
which so appropriately marks the spot, the most 
historic within the bounds of the Buckeye 
state." Mrs. Wilson, Regent, then officially 
removed the veil, disclosing the tablet on which 
is inscribed these words : 

" This house was one of the dwellings in 
Campus Martius, the fortification erected by the 
Ohio Company when the first settlement in the 
Northwest Territory was made at Marietta 
in 1788 ; it stood next to the southeast block- 
house and was built by General Rufus Putnam, 
who made it his home until his death in 1824 ; 
it then became the property of Judge Arius Nye 
from whose daughter, Minerva Tupper Nye, it 
was purchased in 1919, by the State of Ohio." 

Erected by the Daughters of the American 
Revolution in 1921. 

Annie Lorell. 


Sycamore Shoals Chapter (Bristol, Va.) 
has had a pleasant and profitable year. May 
1922 hold as much good for us. 

We have followed the work as outlined by the 
National Society. We have celebrated Syca- 
more Shoals Day, September 26th, and the other 
Flag days most pleasantly, and have held nine 
monthly meetings, taking a recess in the sum- 
mer. Our Chapter is very active and each 
member is vitally interested. We have been 
singly honored this year in having visits from 
our beloved State Regent, Doctor Barrett, in 
June. In August we were honored by a visit 
from the ex-State Regent of North Carolina. 
Mrs. Lindsey Patterson ; in September we were 
visited by the State Regent of Tennessee with 
several members of her official family. Each 



one of our guests was the occasion of pleasant 
social affairs. These visitors from neighboring 
states gave our Chapter a wider view of the 
work and aroused interest along many different 
lines. Daughters of the American Revolution 
have ever stood for the highest ideals of our 
nation and we appreciate the honor of mem- 
bership in the National Organization. We are 
grateful that we could tend the Government 
the use of beautiful Memorial Continental 
Hall for the Conference on the Limitation 
of Armament. 

Mrs. Henry Fitzhugh Lewis, 

Honorary Regent. 

San Diego Chapter (San Diego, California), 
consisting of one hundred and sixty members, 
is enjoying a prosperous year under the Re- 
gency of Mrs. Jesse H. Shreve. Recently the 
Chapter unveiled and presented to the city a 
bronze tablet, commemorating the discovery 
of California by Juan Rodriguez Cabrillo, when 
he landed on the shores of San Diego Bay, 
September 28, 1542. 

The marker was placed in Balboa Park on 
the west side of the California Quadrangle or 
Plaza, which is situated at the east approach of 

the Cabrillo Bridge spanning a deep canyon of 
the same name. Halfway up on the facade of 
the California Building is a statue of Cabrillo, 
while the weather-vane is a fac simile of one 
of Cabrillo's ships, but the marker is in such 
an advantageous position that small children 
can easily read it. 

The Chapter was assisted by the Naval Band 
of the U. S. S. Charleston, with escort. The 
ceremonies were opened with the singing of 
America by the audience. As Cabrillo was 
born in Portugal and sailed under the flag of 
Spain, appropriate hymns of each country were 
played by the band, which is composed entirely 
of Filipinos. So many countries were repre- 
sented that the exercises resembled an 
Americanization program. Airs. Lyman D. 
Stookey, State Vice Regent, came from Los 
Angeles to attend the unveiling, and was one 
of the principal speakers. 

On the afternoon following, a delightful 
informal reception and tea was held in honor 
of the distinguished guests at the home of the 
Regent, Mrs. Jesse H. Shreve. 

Maud Thayer Frary, 





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To Contributors — Please observe carefully the following rules : 

i. Names and dates must be clearly written or typewritten. Do not use pencil. 

2. All queries must be short and to the point. 

3. All queries and answers must be signed and sender's address given. 

4. In answering queries give date of magazine and number and signature of query. 

5. Only answers containing proof are requested. Unverified family traditions will not be 

All letters to be forwarded to contributors must be unsealed and sent in blank, stamped 
envelopes accompanied by the number of the query and its signature. The right is reserved 
to print information contained in the communication to be forwarded. 



Memorial Continental Hall, Washington, D. C. 


10350. Wilson.— Wanted par of Robt. Wil- 
son, who d 1801, & maiden name & par of his 
w Eleanor, d 1810, who went from Pa., to Meck- 
lenburg Co., N. C, 1760. 

(a) Graham. — Wanted par of Alsie Graham, 
who m Zaccheus Wilson abt 1798, s of Robt. & 
Eleanor Wilson. Would like to correspond with 
any descendants. 

(b) McCall. — Would like to correspond with 
desc of John McCall, who m Martha Hext 1739, 
in Charleston, S. C— J. C. C. 

10351. Fletcher. — Wanted Rev ances of 
Stillman Fletcher, a farmer nr Pratt's Hollow, 
Madison Co., N. Y., who fought in War 
of 1812, m Betsey Radford. He had a bro Wm. 
— W. K. B. 

10352. Bohannon. — Ambrose, Henry, Joseph 
and John Bohannon served in Rev from Va. 
Wanted par and name of w of each and names 
of John's ch. — B. G. 

10353. Kenyon-Kinyon. — Wanted gen of 
Phineas Kenyon, b Oct. 30, 1781, who m Mary 
( Polly) Fuller Aug. 28, 1808, supposedly in 
Bolten Twp, Warren, then Washington Co., N. 
Y. All their ch were b there. Was his father a 
Rev sol?— E. E. S. 

10354. Babcock. — Wanted Rev rec of Andrew 
Babcock who was b in Devonshire, Eng., 1731 
& came to N. Y. a few yrs before the Rev. He 
moved to Noble's Forge, N. J. He was an an- 
chor maker & blacksmith. Wanted any infor- 
mation concerning him. — L. DuB. B. 

10355. Fenner. — Wanted ances with Rev rec 
of Robert Fenner b in Providence R. I. Sept. 
18, 1766 m Abigail Thayer, (adopted dau) or 
Miller of Providence or Woonsocket, R. I. 
They had 12 ch removed to Mohawk Valley Co. 
Did Robert Fenner's father come from Eng? 
— H. J. M. 

10356. Wilson. — Wanted par & name of w of 
Robt. Wilson whose s John m Betsy Potter 
Park in Bennington, Vt. Did Robt. give Rev 
ser?— G. S. 

10357. Clark. — Is Pamela Clark who m 
Othneil Looker at Westfield Essex Co., N. J. 
in 1779, a desc of Abram Clark, of N. J. one 
of the Signers of the Declaration of Independ- 
ence? — M. H. J. 

10358. Bell. — Wanted par & ances of Martha 
Bell b Aug. 1746, m Apr. 15, 1766 Isaac Hanna 
b 1743. They lived in the Valley of the Sus- 
quehanna, Dauphin & Northumberland Cos. 
Martha Bell's father was killed by Indians 1759 
while he was acting sentry for the family while 
they were at supper. He left sons Thomas and 
Walter.— F. R. G. 

10359. Coiner. — Wanted par of Catharine 
Coiner, who m George Slagle at New Carlisle, 
Pa., 1783. They moved to Weyer's Cave, Va. 
After her husband's d Catharine went to live 
with her dau Susanna Slagle Clement, at 
Jamestown, O. Wanted also his Rev rec. — 
M. G. P. 

10360. McKnight. — Wanted par of Alexander 
McKnight, sol in Capt. John Duncan's Co., 6th 




Bat Lancaster Co. Pa., Mil commanded by Lt. 
James Taylor June 22, 1781. 

(a) White. — Wanted par of Joseph White, 
b in Balto., Md., d Aug. 2, 1858, m Mary Heaton 
Nov. 14, 1799 in Warren Co., O. Their ch were 
Nancy, Hannah, Maria. Mary Heaton White 
d Aug. 18, 1858, in Fayette Co., Ind. 

(b) Aiken - Ekens - Ekins - Eakins. — 
Wanted par or any information of James 
Aiken, supposed to have been an immigrant 
from Scotland. He resided several yrs in 
Brookfield, Mass., where he m Mercy Gibbs 
Oct., 15, 1718. Their ch were Mercy, John 
Solomon, James & Margaret. — O. E. H. 

10361. Morrill. — Wanted the gen of David 
Morrill, of Maine. Woutd like to correspond 
with members of this family. — E. V. A. 

10362. Tuttle. — Wanted ances of Chauncey 
Tuttle, b Jan. 8, 1800, d in New Marlboro, Mass., 
Nov. 10, 1879. M Phebe Dulth in Lee, Mass. Is 
believed to have come from N. Y. State. Had 
bro Chester. His mother m 2ndly — Battle. — 
W. H. M. 

10363. Worthy. — Wanted any information of 
the Worthy fam. In Goochland Co., Va., in 
1777 Sarah Worthy m Wyatt Hewell, a sol in 
Rev. John Worthy m Margaret Spotswood 
Hewell & Thomas Worthy m Welthy Worthy 
Hewell, both sisters of Wyatt Hewell. Would 
like to get in touch with some of the fam. — 
M. S. B. 

10364. Wright. — Wanted date & place of m 
& maiden name of 1st w of Job Wright, b in 
Conn. Aug. 16, 1759. He enlisted 1st in Rev 
War as a private from Saybrook, Conn., but in 
the War of 1812 he enlisted from N. Y. State 
under Capt. Levi Trowbridge & Col. Henry 
Bloom. According to fam recs his 1st w was 
Mary Olive, whom he m in 1785? The fam 
moved to Ohio, where Mary Olive d, & in 1820 
Job Wright m Peninah Trask. — M. G. W. 

10365. Tingue. — John Tingue, of Berne, 
Albany Co., N. Y. Will recorded Apr. 15, 1813, 
served in Rev in Albany Co. Mil Col. Philip 
Schuyler, & in the Levies, Col. Lewis Dubois. 
His w was Maria — . Wanted her maiden name 
& date & place of m. Their s John Tingue b 
June 15, 1773, d Feb. 14, 1835. m 1st Delia 
Houce. Wanted her par. Did her father serve 
in Rev. 

(a) Kenyon. — Benjamin Kenyon (James) b 
Mar. 24, 1720, prob in Duchess Co., N. Y., d 
July 31, 1814, in Duchess Co. Did he m Sept. 
23, 1742, O. S., Lydia Chappell? They had s 
Comfort. In will of Comfort Chappell, of 
Conn, he mentions dau Lydia Kenyon. Was 
this Lydia the w of Benj. Kenyon? Family recs 
give him w Lvdia, who d May 6, 1756. Their s 
Benj. b Nov. 13, 1746. d Oct. 30. 1831. m May 
20, 1768, Lydia Hawkins, b June 9, 1747, d Apr. 

27, 1815. Wanted her par & Rev rec of her 
father.— C. E. T. 

10366. McKee-Ryan. — Wanted Rev ances of 
Clara McKee, who m July 4, 1859, at Dandridge, 
Jefferson Co., Tenn., James Ryan, who was b 
Dec. 23, 1818. Wanted also his gen. Their s 
Wiley Tames Ryan was living at Fox Creek, St. 
Louis Co., Mo., 1878.— H. M. S. 

10367. Bell— Wanted gen of Robert Hall 
Bell, b in Shenandoah Co., Ya., 1783, m Dec. 5, 
1827, Susan Mourning Cain. — P. L. M. 

10368. McDonald.— Wanted par & bros & 
sis of John McDonald, of Old Sumter Co., S. C. 
He m twice, 1st to Sara Edwards & 2nd Eliza- 
beth English. Served as sol 1777-1783 & re- 
ceived a pension for services. — A. L. N. 

10369. Pool. — Wanted, par & dates of Mary 
Pool, published Jan. 7, 1759, Cambridge, Mass. 
Jebez Kendall, res Woburn, Groton and Cam- 
bridge, Mass. Was she dau of Lieut. Jonathan 
and Mary Leaman Pool, of Reading, Mass. ? 

(a) Snow. — Wanted par and dates of Lucy 
Snow, who m Samuel Kellogg, b Feb. 1, 1739, 
res New Salem, Mass. It has been stated that 
she was the dau of Jacob & Abigail Wyman 
Snow of Woburn, but this cannot be correct 
as that Lucy m John Pierce, who d 1828. 

(b) White-Foster. — David Foster, b 1758, 
s of Nathaniel & Phoebe (Wing) Foster, of 
South East, N. Y., m, according to the Foster 
Genealogy, Lydia White, and two ch were b to 
them, nr Danbury, Vt. The fam moved to 
Williamstown, Mass., and vital records of that 
town give the wife's name as Susannah White. 
Would appreciate any data that would clear up 
the difference in the wife's name. Could he 
have been m twice ? Nathaniel Foster rendered 
Rev ser in Dutchess Co., N. Y., as did several 
of his sons, but as there are several David 
Fosters on the N. Y. rolls would be grateful to 
anyone who could tell which ser belonged to 
David Foster, the s of Nathaniel. — L. L. F. 

10370. Ellis. — Wanted names and dates of 
w and ch of Maj. Win. Ellis, of New Jersey, 
also of James Ellis. 

(a) Rounds-Edwards. — Wanted par of 
Sarah Rounds, also par of Benjamin Edwards, 
who m Margaret Bealle. 

(b) Ewen. — Wanted par, with their gen, of 
Barbara Ewen. — C. K. S. M. 

10371. Lamb. — Wanted, name of s of Capt. 
Lamb, whose dau Lydia m Stephen Miller. 

(a) Rader. — Wanted Rev rec of George 
Rader, who ser with Gen. George Washington. 
— M. M. C. 

10372. Craig. — William Craig, b in Ireland, 
1731, settled in Va. & ser in Rev. 1781-1783 
under Capt. Uriah Springer, was bur in Mont- 
gomery Co., Ky., near Mt. Sterling. His sons 
were Win. & Robert, who ser in War of 1812. 



Wanted name & par of w of William Craig — 
I. C. Van M. 

10373. Hall.— Would like to correspond 
with the desc of Joshua Hall, 1703-1789, Fair- 
field, Conn. His Rev rec has been accepted by 
the N. S. D. A. R., and his w given as Sarah 
Burgess, whom he m in 1738. I cannot find any 
other Joshua Hall in Redding at that time, but 
find the following ch on the Cong'l Church 
records of Redding, as belonging to " Joshua 
Hall" baptisms, Elizabeth, July 7, 1733; Milli- 
son, Nov. 24, 1734, and Mabel, June 13, 1736. 
In the " deaths " Deborah, dau of Joshua Hall, 
d Sept. 3, 1736, aged 5 yrs. It seems evident 
that he was m before 1738, although the death 
of his 1st (?) w is not recorded. What was 
her name? Where is his m to Sarah Burgess 
recorded? In Conn. Gen. the birth of Joshua 
Hall is given as 1708 instead of 1703, as his bro 
Jesse was b Nov., 1703. Where did Joshua d ? — 

10374. Bushnell.— Daniel Bushnell, b 1740, 
d Dec. 12. 1818, in Litchfield, N. Y., m Hannah 
— , b 1735, d Aug. 13. 1820. Their ch were 
Amasa, m Prudence Holcomb ; Esther, m 1st 
Joseph Alexander, 2d — Giddings, 3rd ■ — 
Williams ; Daniel, Norman, Freeman, Hannah, 
Charity, m Nicholas Frank; Johanna, m Len- 
nean Kilbourn ; Wm. Clement. The fam immi- 
grated from Granby of Hartland, Conn., to 
Litchfield, N. Y., abt 1794. There is reason to 
believe Daniel Bushnell ser in Rev. Wanted 
proof. — E. L. H. 

10375. Norris. — Wanted Rev rec of Patrick 
Norris. also his par & that of his 1st w, who was 
a Miss Hurst. His 2nd w was Martha Wilson, 
dau of Squire John Wilson, Fairfield, S. C. 

(a) White. — Wanted the rec of Capt. White, 
who served under Gen. Washington. Was he 
among 25 Americans killed at Moncks Corner, 
of the 30 killed after crossing the Santee river 
Mar., 1780? Wanted also the par of Susannah 
White, b Aug. 8, 1780. Her father was killed 
before she was b, and her mother afterwards m 
— Whitmore, of S. C. 

(b) Bell.— Wanted dates of b & d of Capt. 
Benj. Bell. Was he a s of John Bell, of Cum- 
berland Co., Va., one of the organizers of Big 
Spring Congregation, 1787? Wanted any infor- 
mation of Capt. Benj. Bell, who raised a com- 
pany of Whigs & Loyalists in 1779, & joined 
Gen. Williamson against the Cherokees. — E. O. 

10376. Borden. — Wanted gen & Rev rec of 
Joseph Borden, b in Va. abt 1739, m Jane 
Warren & moved to N. C. Did he serve as cap- 
tain of a company of N. C. mounted riflemen? 

(a) Tasnett. — Wanted gen & Rev rec of 
Richard Tasnett, b in Edgecomb Co., N. C, abt 
1755. After the War he m Rebecca Borden. 
youngest dau of Joseph Borden, & moved to 
Georgia abt 1800-7, set in Hancock Co. 

(b) Green. — Wanted gen of Wm. Green, b 
in Warren Co., N. C. 1739, d nr Warrenton, 
N. C, 1799, m Mary Christmas.— J. C. P. 

10377. Noble. — Elizabeth Crane Noble was 
the dau of Abram Crane & his w Margaret 
Eamy, b abt 1772, dau of — Eamy or Emeigh, 
b in Pennsylvania. Wanted the Rev rec of — 
Eamy. Was he in the " Ranging Forces of 
Westmoreland Co." ? George Washington Noble 
was the s of Tohn Noble, b 1796. d 1871, and his 
w Elizabeth Crane, b 1797, d 1871. John Noble 
was the s of Samuel. — L. M. L. 

10378. Brockway-Champion. — Wanted gen 
of Elias Brockway, who was b in Lyme, Conn., 
and m at Lyme abt 1786 Lovisa Champion. They 
had 10 ch. After her d Elias moved to Ohio. 
His father's name was Wolston. Did he or his 
father give Rev ser ? Or did Lovisa Champion's 
father have Rev rec? 

(a) Herriott-Chambers. — Nathaniel Her- 
riott's father came from Scotland sometime 
before the Rev & settled in New Jersey. 
Nathaniel was b 1770 & m Mary Chambers, of 
Essex Co., N. J., abt. 1790. Did either of their 
fathers give Rev ser ? 

(b) Thompson. — Wanted ances of Thomas 
Thompson & of his sis Martha Thompson 
Herriott who were b abt 1780-90 & lived & d 
nr Sharon, Mercer Co., Pa. — C. C. R. 

10379. Boyers. — Wm. Green or Gray Boyers, 
b July 15, 1810, was the s of Jacob Boyers, b at 
Front Royal, Fred. Co., Va., Dec. 27, 1782, who 
was the s of Leonard Boyers, who had come to 
Stephensburg, Fred. Co., Va., early in 1782. Was 
this Leonard Boyers the same as the Leonard 
Boyer who served at Fort Pitt from York Co., 
Pa., Oct. 24, 1779? Wanted any information of 
this fam. — W. J. A. 

10380. Carpenter. — Wanted par & dates of 
Samuel Carpenter, who was living in Phila. in 
1787. his w was Catherine Linensheet, b 1769, 
d 1852. 

(a) Linensheet. — Wanted dates of b, m & d 
of Charles (Carl) Linensheet (name spelled 
various ways) & of his w Margaret — •. Wanted 
also Margaret's maiden name. 

(b) Short-Burns. — Wanted par of William 
Short & of his w Charlotte Burns, who lived in 
Page Co., Va. William Short ser in War of 
1842, did his father give Rev ser?— M. J. W. 

10381. Richards.— Jedediah (1) b, at Hart- 
ford. Conn., July 8, 1700, d at Norfolk, Oct. 1, 
1784, his w Anna Thrall b at Windsor, Jan. 10, 
1706, d at Norfolk Oct. 9, 1784. Wanted gen of 
Jedediah Richards & Rev rec, in Pardee's Gen p 
34, states that he served in Rev, also gen of Amy 
Thrall, dau Anna m Ebenezer Pardee, Jr., who 
ser in Rev. 

(a) Carpenter. — Eliza (probably Elizabeth) 
m 1788 James Wisner, b New York, James 



Wisner s of Capt. John Wisner, Jr. Wanted, 
gen of Eliza Carpenter and father's Rev rec if 
he ser. 

(b) Thompson. — John Wisner, Jr., b 1741 in 
N. Y., m Mary Thompson. Wanted gen of 
Mary Thompson, date of m, etc., also father's 
Rev rec. 

(c) Minor.— Anna, b 1771, m May 15, 1781, 
Ebenezer Pardee, b Conn., 1765 s of Ebenezer 
Pardee, Jr., who ser in Rev. Wanted gen of 
Anna Minor and father's Rev rec. 

(d) Ferris.— Amy F., b March 1, 1781-2, at 
Nine Partners nr Briton, Dutchess Co., N. Y., m 
Aug. 13, 1809, Willard Ames, b Oct. 17, 1781. 
Willard Ames, s of Lieut. Elijah Ames, who ser 
in Rev. Wanted gen of Amy Ferris and 
father's Rev rec. 

(e) Burge. — Josiah, father of Ruth Burge 
Pollard, b Sept. 9, 1739. Wanted gen of Josiah 
Burge and Rev rec. Wanted gen of Susanna 
Jaquith Burge & father's Rev rec; was w of 
Josiah Burge. 

10382. Rich— Wanted gen of Elijah Rich of 
Williamstown, Mass., & maiden name & gen of 
his w Elijah & Hannah — Rich had at least 
three ch b at Williamstown, vie. : Hannah, b 
Mar. 19, 1784, m Feb. 13, 1803, William 
Standish; Abigail, b June 4, 1789; Elijah, Jr., b 
June 10, 1795. 

(a) Pearson. — Wanted information of the 
Pearson fam of Raymond Neck, Delaware, 
especially the name & gen of the 1st w of 
Benjamin Van Winkle, who m Oct. 6, 1813, 
Dorcas Pearson for his second w. She was a 
sis of his 1st w, whose baptismal name is un- 
known. Wanted also the dates of her b, m & d.— 
H. M. C. 

10383. Fleunilling. — Wanted record of deed 
of land given by John Fleunilling for the bur 
of sols killed at the skirmish between British & 
colored troops at Croton river just below 
Pines Bridge. 

(a) Shaw. — Wanted gen Rev rec and given 
name of — Shaw who m Caroline Markle in 
Kingston, Ulster Co., N. Y. 

(b) Chatterton. — Wanted rec of Rev ser of 
Michael Chatterton whose dau Mary m Amos 
Tompkins of Westchester Co., N. Y. 

(c) Lamoreaux. — Wanted rec of Rev ser of 
father of Mary Lamoreaux b Aug. 17, 1769, d 
March 1, 1841 & m Joseph Tompkins of Croton 
Lake. — G. A. M. 

10384. Spaulding. — Wanted par of Mary 
Spaulding of Plainsfield, Conn., or Chelmsford, 
Mass., who m Leonard Litchfield of Canterbury, 
Conn., & moved to eastern New York bef 1800. 
— G. W. C. 

10385. Cunningham. — Wanted par with Rev 
rec of David Cunningham who m Unity Ryan, 

1790. David Cunningham was in the 3rd Penna. 
Regt., disc 1783. 

(a) Greene. — Wanted par and Rev rec of 
father of Polly Greene, who m David Tate, who 
fought with the sols of the Continental Line in 
Va., & received back pay on June 4, 1874. — 
H. B. C. 

10386. Gruendike-Groendike. — S a m u e 1 
Gruendike served as private in Capt. Aaron 
Longstreet's Co., Col. Jacob Hyer's 3rd Regt. 
from Middlesex Co., N. J. Wanted dates of his 
b, m & d and wife's name. — M. E. G. 

10387 Hawkins— David Lewis, b abt 1760, 
prob in Balto., Md., m Mary Hawkins, sis of 
Rebecca Hawkins Crockett, the mother of David 
Crockett. David & Mary Lewis had eleven ch, 
among whom was John Lewis, b in Sullivan Co., 
Tenn., Oct. 17, 1793. He m Susanna, dau of 
Eliphalet Barber. Did Eliphalet Barber or his 
father serve in the Rev? Did the father of 
Mary Hawkins have Rev rec? Would like to 
correspond with anyone having Lewis data. — 
L. L. S. 

10388. Daniels.— Wanted par of Martha 
Daniels, who m Abner Rice Mar. 7, 1752, & had 
s Pelatiah, b 1753 at Westboro, Mass. Abner 
was the s of Charles Rice, who m Rachel 
Wheeler Apr. 26, 1711.— B. S. E. 

10389. Mott. — Wanted information of Adam 
Mott, who m Rachel Ryder in 1770. She came 
from Eng. to Pa. They were Quakers, but did 
they have Rev rec of any kind? 

(a) Baker. — Wanted gen of Moses Baker, 
Quaker School Master in Maine, b abt 1778 and 
m Rhoda Mott, dau of Adam & Rachel Ryder 
Mott.— H. F. P. 

10390. Coddington. — Wanted par & date of b 
of Joseph Coddington, b in Woodbridge, N. J., & 
m Catrina, dau of Jacob Van de Mark and w 
Christina Van Garden of Marbletown, Ulster 
Co., N. Y., Feb. 18, 1753.— J. A. V. 

10391. Bradley. — Wanted Rev rec of Daniel 
Bradley, b Oct. 15, 1710, d Aug. 16, 1793, bur at 
Bethlehem, Conn., m Abigail Howard. 

(a) Norton. — Wanted Rev rec of Daniel 
Norton, b Jan. 17, 1707, d Dec. 4, 1789, m 1730 
1st Sarah Bradley, b Feb. 11, 1712, d Nov. 
5, 1756. 

(b) Wolvertan. — Wanted par of Rachel 
Wolvertan, b 1755 d 1820, m 1774 Wm. Furman, 
a Rev sol, who came to Pa. from N. J. — E. S. C. 

10392. Sharretts. — Wanted gen & Rev rec of 
father of Frederick Sharretts, who was 3rd 
Lieut., 5th Regt. Penna. Volunteers, War of 
1812 (Co. James Fenton), from Feb. 25th to 
Sept. 4th, 1814, and was in command of a de- 
tachment during that period. Was also in the 
battles of Lundy Lane & Fort George.— J. A. W. 

10393. Easley. — Wanted names of ch & their 
dates of Millington Easley. Son Wm. b 1767, 



lived in N. C. prior to 1783-4 when he moved 
to Greenville Dist., S. C. His military service 
was in S. C, m Eliz. — . 

(a) Smith. — Would like to correspond with 
desc of John Smith, s of Samuel, of Franklin & 
Montgomery Cos., Va. 

(b) Chilton. — Wanted gen dates & Rev rec 
of James Chilton of Fauquier or Loudon Co., 
Va. He m Catherine Burns and their s Pelatiah, 
m 1809 Elizabeth, dau of Asahel & Margaret 
Rawlins. Would be glad of any information of 
this fam. — A. L. N. 

10394. Hannah. — Wanted par, names of 
bros & sis & place of d of par of Robt. C. 
Hannah, b April, 1773, in S. C, who m Mary 
Davis, b 1776. Their ch were John, b 1795 ; 
George, b 1797; Wm, Robt. C, & others. 

(a) Hardin. — Wanted gen of Benj. Hardin, 
who m his cousin Mary, dau of Martin & Lydia 
Waters Hardin. Wanted her b & d dates. 
After the d of Benj. she moved to Ga. & set in 
Columbia Co. Their s Benj., Jr., m Mary M. 
Smith in Warren Co., Ga., June 6, 1795. 

(b) Halsey-Tuttle.- — W anted gen of 
Jerushia Halsey, who m Jonathan Wood abt 
1753 in Morristown, N. J. Joanna Tuttle, b in 
Morristown 1762, m Joseph Wood April 1, 1780. 
The ceremony was performed by Rev. M. Hunt, 
Chaplain of the American Army. Wanted par 
of Joanna Tuttle or Tuthill, of N. J. & 
Long Island. 

(c) Wood. — Wanted gen of Jonathan Wood, 
who m Jerusha Halsey in 1735. Their ch were 
Samuel, b 1754 ; Joanna, Jerusha, Joseph, Ruth, 
Johnathan, Baldwin, Abraham & Sarah. Johna- 
than Wood was a signer of the General Asso- 
ciation of the State of N. J. He d in Morris- 
town, N. J., 1804. 

(d) Darden. — Wanted names of w & ch of 
Elijah Darden, Rev sol of Va. In what Co. of 
Georgia did he reside? — S. B. D. 

10395. Kline-Klein. — Wanted information 
concerning John Kline, who is supposed to have 
ser in Capt. Fisher's Co. of Reading, Pa., from 
Bern Township, Berks Co., & was wounded at 
Kingston. Wanted his dates. 

(a) Peck. — Wanted Rev ser of Richard 
Peck, who m 1st Sarah Tennant, 2nd Elizabeth 
Chamberlain. Moved from Conn, to N. Y. in 
1788. Settled in Lexington, N. Y., & d in Dur- 
ham, N. Y., 1837.— M. B. 

10396. Hutchason-Rogers. — Wanted par of 
Mathew Hutchason, also of his w Nancy Ann 
Rogers, b in Albemarle Co., Va., 1791. They 
lived in Greensburg, Green Co., Ky., & their ch 
were Martha Byrd, Mary, George, Joseph 
Underwood & Benjamin Marshall, twins, Lucy 
Ann, Frances, Eliz. Is there Rev rec in either 
line?— L. H. W. 

10397. Aldrich. — Wanted par and Rev rec of 

Abel Aldrich, who m Hannah Illson abt 1765 & 
lived at Cumberland, R. I., and Mendon, Mass. 

(a) Sheldon. — Wanted par & Rev rec of 
Wm. Sheldon, who m Mary Spear abt 1780, & 
prob lived in Cumberland, R. I. 

(b) Marlow. — Wanted par & Rev rec of 
Edward Marlow, of Lovetsville, Loudon Co.. 
Va., who m 2nd Mary Fenlay or Finley, & d 
in 1825 in Loudon Co. — R. S. 

10398. Townsend. — Would like to correspond 
with anyone who is a desc of the Townsend 
family of Pennsylvania. — Mrs. E. W. Maquivey, 
126 W. Washington Lane, Germantown, Phila- 
delphia, Pa. 

10399. Green. — James Green, b in Providence. 
R. I., April, 1771, reported lost at sea with his 
ship & cargo abt 1800, had one bro, much 
younger. Wanted knowledge of a desc of said 
bro also father's name. — E. S. A. 

10400. Lucas.— Wanted par of Catherine 
Lucas, who m Jeremiah Hogle, a sol of the War 
of 1812 from Washington Co., N. Y. Wanted 
also the names of the ch of Ezra Lucas, who 
was in the Rev from Conn. 

(a) Mosher. — John Mosher m Elizabeth 
Earl in 1788. Were they the par of Rebecca, 
Sabrina Olive who m Chester Wright; Sebra, 
who m Catherine Hogle; John, who m Charity 
Cross ; James who m Salome Sweet, and Eari, 
who m Lucretia Clark? — K. O. B. 

10401. Wilson. — Wanted information of 
James Porter Wilson, Signer of the Declaration 
of Independence, and his desc. 

(a) Jones. — Wanted information of Col. 
Jackie Jones and his desc. Contrary to his title, 
he is supposed to have been in the Navy. — 
R. S. E. 

10402. Smith. — Wanted names & Rev hist of 
grandparents of Bert Ada Adams Smith, b 
Berkshire Co., Mass., June 11, 1830, d in Olin, 
la., 1889. Her mother Didama Adams whose 
fam was connected with the textile mills in N. 
Mass., d 1839, of the Baintree branch of Adams 
Her father, James (?) Smith later moved to 
Erie, Pa., & still later to Parkersburg, W. Va., & 
remarried. She had bros James & Spencer & a 
half bro Leander. 

(a) Reed-Stowe. — Wanted names & Rev hist 
of the grandparents of Irene Reed Smith, b 
Ravenna, Portage Co., O., 1834, & m Bert 
Adams Smith, 1851, d in Olin, Iowa, 1906. Her 
mother, Kathryn Stowe, b 1792, m James, 
Reed 1812, d in Iowa 1874. James Reed b in 
N. J., 1787, ser in War of 1812. d 1863 in Iowa. 
John Andrew Reed, father of James, was from 
Pa. & ser with Gen. Washington in N. J. 

(b) Giddings. — Wanted Rev rec & data of 
ances of Rev. Uriel Joshua Giddings, b in 
White Mts., N. H., abt 1813, Coos Co, d in 
Normal, 111, 1885. His par d when he was young 



& he was raised by his bro Moses. Later Moses, 
John, Silas and Uriel moved to Erie Co., Pa., & 
Uriel removed to 111., was licensed to preach & 
became a Circuit Rider serving the Methodist 
charges of Kewanee, Carthage, Port Byron & 
others in Mercer Co. He m 1st Amanda Spaf- 
ford, of Mich., had ch Moses, Mary, Phrone, 
Lucy Wm., John Frank & three others. Later 
Uriel m Martha Rose & had ch Fred J. & Joie. 
Uriel Giddings & Joshua Reed Giddings were 
double cousins. — P. G. C. 

10403. Coiner. — Catherine Coiner m George 
Slafle at Carlisle, Pa., & moved to Weirs Cave, 
Va. Wanted name, dates of b & d, name of w & 
list of ch of her father, who resided in Pa. & 
ser in Rev. from there. — M. G. P. 

10404. Heywood. — Wanted information of 
Zimri Heywood & his desc. He came from 
Maine & his father was in the Rev. — I. M. E. 

10405. Dellenoy. — Wanted name of w & 
dates & places of b, m & d of Abraham Dellenoy. 
Wanted also name of his dau, with dates, who m 
John Pottenger. Tradition says Bellenoy was a 
prisoner in the Old Dutch Church, N. Y., & 
lived three days after being released. His son- 
in-law John Pottinger was a prisoner on the 
prison ship Jersey. Wanted proof of this. 

(a) Groot. — The five sons of Symon Symonse 
Groot, viz : Abraham, Philip, Dirck, Cornelius 
& Class, who came to Amer 1645, were taken 
captive by the French & Indians Feb. 8, 1690, 
carried to Canada & redeemed the following 
year. This fam set in New Amsterdam, but 
later moved to Beverwyck, Albany. Is there 
Col or Rev ser in this line? — G. G. M. 

10406. Chapman-Howard. — Wanted gen of 
Jerusha Chapman, who m Ebenezer Tyler in 
Pierpont, N. H., 1768. Wanted also gen of 
Martha Howard, of Lynn, Mass., who m in 
1735 David Tyler, & d in Pierpont abt 1810, 
aged 95. 

(a) Hovey. — Wanted gen of Daniel Randall 
Hovey, whose s Marshall Leander Randall 
Hovey m Eliza Fox prob of Conn, or Mass. 
They lived in Ohio about seventy years ago. 
Wanted also the gen of Eliza Fox. — B. K. T. 

10407. Clark. — Wanted places of b & d of 
Daniel Clark, b Oct. 29, 1760, d Nov. 10, 1882. 
He ser in Capt. Joshua Hazen's Co., Col. Wood's 
3rd Regt. of Vt. Mil during Rev.— G F. 

10408. Adams-Beeks-Gannaway. — Wanted 
any data concerning the connection of Eli 
Adams, b in Snow Hill, Md., 1785; of Jacob 
Adams, who d in Snow Hill, Md., 1795; of 
James or Christopher Beeks, who lived in 
Augusta Co., Va., & at Harper's Ferry; & of 
John Gannaway, who m Betsy Williams in Ky., 
the fam having moved to Ky. from Va. — 
K. K. A. 

10409. Grove-Lixebarger-Stoyer. — Wanted 

par & Rev ser of John Grove, b 1762, m at Front 
Royal, Va. Barbara Linebarger, b in Page Co., 
Va., abt 1771, dau of John & Barbara Stover 
Linebarger. Wanted also their par & Rev rec of 
father. Children of John & Barbara Linebarger 
Grove were Nancy, Barbara, Susan, Catherine, 
Emma, John, David, Samuel, Joseph, Elizabeth 
& Rebecca. They removed to Newark O., abt 
1815 & are buried there. — C. C. G. 
10410. Hill-Lewis. — Levi Hill, s of Samuel, 
was b in Groton, Conn., & m there bef. Dec. 15, 
1794 Deborah, dau of Joseph Lewis. They 
moved to Scipio, N. Y. Their dau Hannah 
Hill m 1st — Brown, & 2nd — La Soeur. Her 
ch were Samuel Newell Brown, b in Scipio 
Dec. 4, 1817; Lucinda La Soeur, & Almeda 
La Soeur. Wanted dates of b & m of Hannah 
Hill & dates of b, m & d of Levi Hill & 
Deborah Lewis. Any other information would 
be appreciated. — A. F. C. 

10411. Nelson. — Wanted par & dates of b, m 
& d of Daniel Nelson, a sol in Rev from Rock- 
ingham, Va., who enlisted under Gen. Houston 
Nov. 23, 1779. Wanted par also of his w 
Rebecca Boggs, whom he m in Rockingham or 
Roanoke Co., Va., & moved to Scott Co., Va. & 
he d there. Rebecca Boggs Nelson afterwards 
m William Phillips & moved to Floyd Co., Ky. 
Her Nelson ch were Johnson, who m Myra 
Cox, Scott Co., Va. ; Reggie, who m Martha 
Carter, Scott Co., Va. ; Ellen, who m Ambush 
Jones, Scott Co., Va., & Charles, who m Mary 
Gibson, Scott Co., Va., in 1811 & moved to 
Arkansas. Wanted par of Mary Gibson. — 
L. T. G. 

10412. Culpepper-Marixer. — Wanted par & 
Rev rec of Wm. Culpepper, who fought in the 
Battle of Allamance, N. C, & d in Ga. abt 1806. 
His s Daniel Culpepper m Sarah Mariner & 
went to Ga., where he d 1813. Tradition says 
that the Mariner fam lived on the Eastern Shore 
of Md. during the Rev. Wanted gen of 
Sarah Mariner. 

(a) McCrary. — Wanted gen of Col. Robert 
McCrary, of Laurens, S. C, who was an officer 
in the Fort " 96 " during the Rev. 

(b) Davis. — Wanted par & Rev ances of 
James, Benj., Thos., Christian & Betsy Davis, 
James Davis, b N. C. April, 1804, d in Louis- 
iana Dec, 1873. His w Hannah Kincy, b N. C. 
1803, d in N. C. 1831, she had a sis Kitty, who 
m — Humphrey & lived nr Kinston, N. C. — 
C. C. 

10413. Moore. — Wanted names & dates of w 
& ch of Col. Chas. Moore, of Carolina, b in 
Scotland 1727. In what part of Carolina did 
he settle & when? Did he have Rev rec? He 
had a s Capt. Thos. Moore, who was at the Battle 
of Cowpens. Wanted name of dau who m 
Robt. Hanna, who was on the staff of Gen. 



Sumter at the Battle of Blackstock. A. S. 
Salley, Jr., of Hist. Com. of S. C, says there 
were two Rev patriots by the name of Robt. 
Hannah, father & s. Wanted names of w & ch, 
with dates of b, m & d, & services of both men. 

(a) Parker. — Wanted par of Moses Parker, 
of Cheraw, S. C, & Rev rec of his father. He 
m 1st Ann Parker, wanted her gen with 
all dates. 

(b) Cook. — Wanted names & dates of ch 
of James Cook, of Carolina, who ser in Rev & 
was a member of Thomson's Regt of Rangers. 

(c) Orr. — Wanted name of 1st w of Wm. 
Orr, Frontier Ranger of Pa. Wanted also par 
of James Orr, whose Rev rec is given in 
Hunter's Hist, of Western N. C— D. O. N. B. 

10414. Axdersox. — Wanted par of Isabella 
Anderson, who m Isaac Davisson, of Harrison 
Co., Va., 1779. 

(a) Curl. — Wanted par of Wm. Curl, b Ya. 
1753, m Sarah Brown of Hardy Co., Va. Was 
his father Wm. Roscoe Wilson Curl, of Eliza- 
beth City, Ya., who was a member of the Con- 
vention of 1776 for Norfolk Borough & in 1779 
was appointed Judge of the Court of Admiraltv? 
— F. L. T. 

10415. Daytox-Judd. — Hiram Dayton, b 
1791, m 1818 Betsey (Elizabeth) Bennett, b 
1798, d 1837 in Valparaiso, Ind. Her father 
was a Rev sol of whom information is greatly 
desired. Children of Hiram & Betsey Dayton 
were Eunice, b 1819; Olean, b 1820; Arabella 
Abaline, b 1823; Hezekiah Cornwell, b Sept. 12, 
1825; Alary Jane & Lafayete, twins, b 1827; 
Louise Crawford, b 1828; Phebe Hollace, b 
1830; Hiram, Jr., b 1832, & Jobe, b 1836. Hiram 
Dayton, Jr., b in South Bend, Ind., June 3, 1832, 
d in Sheboygan Falls, Wis., Dec. 31, 1907, a 
Civil War pensioner. He m May 1, 1857, 
Martha Alarie Judd, b 1840, d 1911, said to have 
been of a Mass. fam. Wanted Dayton & Judd 
gens. — F. C. B. S. 


Q. 10224. In Ellis & Evans' History of Lan- 
caster County, Pa., it is stated that Ulrich 
Reigart, a native of Germany, came to this 
country and settled in Lancaster in 1742. In 
that year he purchased two lots on South Queen 
street, and in 1747 others adjoining. He had 
two sons, Adam and Christopher. A house was 
built on these lots, and a few years later the 
Fountain Inn was built and opened by 
Christopher (often written Stophel). In 1758 
Adam and Stophel both had stalls in the market 
which were kept up for many years. About the 
same time Christopher opened the Fountain Inn 
Adam Reigart purchased the tavern stand for 
many years known as the Grape Hotel. He was 
active in the Revolutionary War and was lieu- 
tenant colonel of a regiment under command of 
Col. George Ross, and went with his regiment to 
Amboy, N. J. He was a member of the 
Assembly in 1780. In 1785 he established the 
wine store on East King street, which is still 
well known (1883). His later life was com- 
paratively quiet. He died in 1813. His son 
Emanuel Reigart was a tanner, and carried on 
an extensive business on South Queen street, on 
part of the original property. He was in the 
Legislature from 1813 to 1817, and in 1821 was 
sheriff of the county. Emanuel C. Reigart, son 
of Emanuel, was born in 1797, read law with 
Amos Ellmaker, and became prominent in all 
general movements. The descendants of these 
families are numerous in Lancaster. Adam 
Reigart, Jr., was a son of Adam Reigart, Sr., 
and brother of Emanuel Reigart. Christopher 
Reigart, the brother of Adam, died in 1783, 
leaving a widow and a son, Henry. He was a 
coppersmith. A daughter of Ulrich Reigart 
married Peter Gonter, who kept a tavern in the 
borough for several yrs.- — Mrs. A. Y. Casanova, 
1506 Caroline St., N. W., Washington, D. C. 


The Recording Secretary General 
wishes to express her thanks to the 
numerous Daughters who heeded her 
request and sent their copies of January, 
1921, magazine to complete the file in 

General. If any member has robbed 
her own file to send this copy, and will 
send her name and address to the Re- 
cording Secretary General the magazine 
will be remailed to her from the large 

the office of the Recording Secretary number now on hand in that office. 




In this Honor Roll the list of membership in each State is shown in the 
outer rim, and the list of subscribers according to States is in the inner circle 


The Magazine also has subscribers in 


Pennsylvania at this date of publication 
leads all States with 1215 subscribers 

Special Meeting, January 31, W^l 

SPECIAL meeting of the National 
Board of Management for the admis- 
sion of members and authorization 
and confirmation of chapters was 
called to order by the President Gen- 
eral, Mrs. George Maynard Minor, 
in the Board Room of Memorial 
Continental Hall, Tuesday, January 31, 1922, 
at 2.05 p.m. 

The Chaplain General, Mrs. Selden P. 
Spencer, in her opening prayer referred to 
the anxiety and sorrow that had come to so 
many because of the theatre disaster that had 
occurred during the great snowstorm and asked 
God's comfort and healing for them. The 
members of the Board joined with her at the 
close in repeating the Lord's Prayer. 

In the absence of Mrs. Yawger, the Corres- 
ponding Secretary General was requested to 
act as Recording Secretary General pro tern. 
The following members responded to the roll 
Call : National Officers, Mrs. Minor, Mrs. 
Morris, Mrs. Hodgkins, Airs. Spencer, Mrs. 
Elliott, Mrs. Hanger, Miss Strider, Mrs. 
Hunter, Mrs. Ellison, Mrs. White; State Re- 
gents, Mrs. St. Clair, Mrs. Young, Miss Temple. 
Miss Strider read her report as follows : 
Report of Registrar General 
Madam President General and Members of the 
National Board of Management : 
I have the honor to report 1420 applications 
for membership. 

Respectfully submitted, 
(Miss) Emma T. Strider, 

Registrar General. 
Miss Strider moved that the Secretary cast 
the ballot for the admission of 1420 applicants. 
Seconded by Mrs. Hanger and carried. The 
Secretary pro tern announced the casting of the 
ballot and the President General declared these 
1420 applicants elected as members of the 
National Society. 

The Treasurer General reported applications 
for reinstatement of 97 former members and 
moved that the Secretary be instructed to cast 
the ballot for the reinstatement of 97 members. 
This was seconded by Mrs. Morris and carried. 
The Secretary announced the casting of the 

ballot and the President General declared these 
former members reinstated. Mrs. Hunter 
reported also 230 resignations, and the loss to 
the Society through death of 150 members. 
The Board rose in silent memory of these de- 
parted members. 

Mrs. Hanger then read her report : 

Report of Organizing Secretary General 

Madam President General and Members of the 
National Board of Management : 

I have the honor to report as follows : 

Through their respective State Regents the 
following members at large are presented for 
confirmation as Organizing Regents : Mrs. 
Beatrice Birdsall Crawford, Anna, 111. ; Mrs. 
Alice Bixby Bond, Adams, Mass. ; Mrs. 
Albertine C. Reppy, Hillsboro, Mo. ; Mrs. Lou 
Harris Rust, Marshall, Mo. ; Mrs. Elizabeth 
Tyler Guichard, East Rockaway Park, N. Y. ; 
Mrs. Sadie Kate Hunter McMillan, Mullins, 
S. C. ; Mrs. Hope Harrison Turner, Marlin, 
Texas ; Miss Minnie Keas, Bremerton, Wash. ; 
Mrs. Mary Strong Newman, Pasco, Wash. ; 
Mrs. Anne Lee Burson Sizer, Ravmond, Wash. ; 
Mrs. Clara W. Bond, Buffalo, Wyo. 

The following appointments expire in 
February before the date of the February Board 
meeting, therefore the re-appointment of the 
following have been requested by their respec- 
tive State Regents : Mrs. Annie Brooks Dobbin 
Gowens, Del Rio. Texas ; Mrs. Edith Moore 
Coleman, Toppenish, Wash. The authoriza- 
tion of the following Chapters is requested : 
Cobden, Illinois, Algona, Battle Creek, Creston, 
Grundy Center and Paullina, Iowa. 

The official disbandment of the "Rich" Chap- 
ter at Anna, Illinois, has been requested by 
the State Regent of Illinois on account of con- 
flicting local conditions. 

The official disbandment of the Dr. Samuel 
Crosby Chapter of Centerville, Iowa, has been 
requested by the State Regent of Iowa, on 
account of there not being enough members to 
carry on the work of the Chapter. The official 
disbandment of the Katharine Adair Chapter 
of Louisville, Miss., has been requested by the 
State Regent of Mississippi, on account of 




the lack of resident members to carry on 
the work. 

The State Regent of Washington requests the 
location of the Chapter at Hillyard, be changed 
from Hillyard to Spokane, Washington. 

The following Chapters have reported or- 
ganization since the December Board meeting : 
Elizabeth Marlow at Monticello, Ga. ; Chapter 
at Austin (Chicago) and Chapter at Mt. 
Carmel, 111.; Ee-dah-how at Nampa, Idaho; 
Cape May Patriots at Beesley's Point, N. J. ; 
Stamp Defiance at Wilmington, N. C. ; Fort 
Greenville at Greenville, Ohio ; Adam Holliday 
at Hollidaysburg, Pa. 

I wish to express my regret that all appoint- 
ments of Organizing Regents, requested by 
State Regents, could not be presented for 
confirmation at this meeting, owing to the 
fact that they were either not members at 
large, dues not paid, or not members of the 
National Society to date. 

Respectfully submitted, 
(Mrs. G. Wallace W.) Lucy Galt Haxgkr, 

Organizing Secretary General. 

There being no objection, the report was 

Miss Strider moved that a letter of sympathy 
be sent to Mrs. Brumbaugh, former Registrar 
General, on account of the injury of her son 
in the Knickerbocker Theatre disaster. Sec- 
onded by Mrs. St. Clair and carried. 

Moved by Mrs. Young, seconded by Miss 
Temple and Mrs. White, that the .President Gen- 
eral appoint a committee to draft resolutions 
expressing the sympatliy of the National Board 
of Management of the Daughters of the 

American Revolution for the afflicted and be- 
reaved in the recent disaster. Carried. 

.Moved by Mrs. St. Clair, seconded by Mrs. 
Hodgkins and carried, that members of the 
Daughters of the American Revolution who 
had members of their families killed or in- 
jured in the Knickerbocker Theatre disaster 
be sent a letter of sympathy from the members 
of the Board. 

The President General appointed Mrs. 
Young, Mrs. White and Mrs. Spencer the 
committee to draft resolutions. The resolu- 
tions follow : 

Whereas, the Knickerbocker Theatre disaster 
has brought great sorrow, suffering, and loss 
of life to the community, be it therefore 

Resolved, That the National Board of Man- 
agement of the National Society, Daughters of 
the American Revolution, hereby extend to the 
bereaved families heartfelt sympathy in this 
sore trial, and trust God in his infinite mercy 
will speedily restore the injured to health and 
sustain those who in their anxiety are suffer- 
ing, and be it further 

Resolved, that these resolutions be spread 
upon the minutes of this special Board Meeting 
of the National Society and that a copy be sent 
to the newspapers for publication. 

Mrs. George M. Young, Mrs. George 
W. White, Mrs. Selden P. Spencer, Commit- 
tee on Resolutions. 

The motions were approved as read, and 
at 2.55 p.m. the meeting adjourned. 

Lily Tyson Elliott, 
Secretary, pro tern. 


Airs. Edward L. Harris, National 
Chairman, Patriotic Education Commit- 
tee, will announce in the April, 1922, 
Daughters of the American Revolu- 
tion Magazine, the winner of the fifty- 
dollar prize offered by Mrs. "Walter C. 

Roe, of Colony, Oklahoma, for the best 
e>say in appreciation of the services of 
the North American Indian in the World 
War and his worth as an American. 

The winning essay will also be pub- 
lished in full in the April magazine. 





President General 

Mrs. George Maynard Minor, 

Memorial Continental Hall, Washington, D. C. 

Vice Presidents General 
(Term of office expires 1922) 
Mrs. William H. Wait, Mrs. William D. Sherrerd, 

1706 Cambridge Road, Ann Arbor, Mich. Highland Ave., Haddonfield, N. J. 

Mrs. Isaac Lee Patterson, Mrs. James Lowry Smith, 

Eola Road, Salem, Ore. Amarillo, Tex. 

Miss Alethea Serpell, Mrs. Frank W. Bahnsen, 

902 Westover Ave., Norfolk, Va. 1720 22d St., Rock Island, 111. 

Miss Louise H. Coburn, Skowhegan, Me. 

(Term of office expires 1923) 
Mrs. Cassi-us C. Cottle, Mrs. Charles S. Whitman, 

2272 Harvard Boulevard, Los Angeles, Calif. 54 East 83d St., New York, N. Y. 

Mrs. Edward Lansing Harris, Mrs. Henry McCleary, 

6719 Euclid Ave., Cleveland, Ohio. McCleary, Wash. 

Mrs. James T. Morris, Mrs. Anthony Wayne Cook, 

2101 Blaisdell Ave., Minneapolis, Minn. Cooksburg, Pa. 

Mrs. Edward P. Schoentgen, 407 Glenn Ave., Council Bluffs, la. 

(Term of office expires 1924) 
Mrs. John Trigg Moss, Mrs. C. D. Chenault, 

6017 Enright Ave., St. Louis, Mo. Lexington, Ky. 

Mrs. Benjamin D. Heath, Miss Catherine Campbell, 

Heathcote, Charlotte, N. C. 316 Willow St., Ottawa, Kan. 

Mrs. Lyman E. Holden, Mrs. Albert L. Calder, 2nd, 

8 Park Place, Brattleboro, Vt. 226 Blackstone Boulevard, Providence, R. I. 

Mrs. Howard L. Hodgkins, 1830 T St., Washington, D. C. 

Chaplain General 

Mrs. Selden P. Spencer, 

2123 California St., N. W., Washington, D. C. 

Recording Secretary General Corresponding Secretary General 

Mrs. John Francis Yawger, Mrs. A. Marshall Elliott, 

Memorial Continental Hall. Memorial Continental Hall. 

Organizing Secretary General Registrar General 

Mrs. G. Wallace W. Hanger, Miss Emma T. Strider, 

Memorial Continental Hall. Memorial Continental Hall. 

Treasurer General Historian General 

Mrs. Livingston L. Hunter, Miss Jenn Winslow Coltrane, 

Memorial Continental Hall. Memorial Continental Hall. 

Reporter General to Smithsonian Institution 
Miss Lillian M. Wilson, 
Memorial Continental Hall. 
Librarian General Curator General 

Mrs. Frank D. Ellison, Mrs. George W. White, 

Memorial Continental Hall. Memorial Continental Hall. 







639 Walnut St., Gadsden. 

110 N. Conception St., Mobile. 





394 N. 3rd St., Phoenix. 



2005 Scott St., Little Rock. 


817 W. 5th Ave., Pine Bluff. 


269 Mather St., Oakland. 


1240 W. 29th St., Los Angeles. 



803 Spruce St., Boulder. 
1145 Logan St.. Denver. 










1319 T. St., N. W., Washington. 

119 5tii St., N. E., Washington. 


143 S. E. 2nd St., Miami. 


233 W. Duval St., Jacksonville. 



305 14th Ave., Cordei.e. 


The Courtland Hotel, Honolulu. 



Box 324, Gooding. 

421 2nd Ave., E., Twin Falls. 


Grand View Ave., Peoria. 




1011 N. Penn St., Indianapolis. 
3128 Fairfield Ave., Fort Wayne. 



" Fairiiill," Sheldon. 

State Centre. 



" Riverside," Wichita. 



539 Garrard St., Covington. 



2331 Chestnut St., New Orleans. 




282 Main St., Waterville. 

122 Goff St., Auburn. 



2224 N. Calvert St., Baltimore. 

2004 Maryland Ave., Baltimore. 



25 Bellevue Ave., Melrose. 

Pin'ehurst, Concord. 


1012 W. Main St., Kalamazoo. 


143 Lafayette Ave., N. E., Grand Rapids. 



1906 Kenwood Parkway, Minneapolis 

1126 Summit Ave., St. P.w l. 



850 N. Jefferson St., Jackson. 






420 S. Idaho St., Dillon. 

814 S. Central Ave., Bozeman. 



1731 L St., Lincoln. 







448 Ridge St., Newark. 

1308 Watchung Ave., Plainfield. 









8 Lafayette St., Albany. 

269 Henry St., Brooklyn. 




810 N. Tryon St., Charlotte. 



Valley City. 

300 8th St., S. Fargo. 


Church and King Sts., Xenia. 

431 N. Detroit St., Kenton. 



903 Johnstone Ave., Bartlesville. 

231 S. 13th St., Muskogee. 



8 St. Helen's Court, Portland. 

807 S. Ferry St., Albany. 



State College. 

Hadston, Linden Ave., Pittsburgh. 




4 Summit St., Pawtucket. 



St. Matthews. 



12% 5th Ave., N. W. Aberdeen. 

Sioux Falls. 



31C West Cumberland St., Knoxville. 

1092 E. Moreland Ave., Memphis. 



1313 Castle Court Blvd., Houston. 



36 H St., Salt Lake City. 

820 E. 4th South St., Salt Lake City. 



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VOL. LVI, No. 4 

APRIL, 1922 

WHOLE No. 356 


Passages from Letters of Nelly Custis to 
Mrs. Charles Cotesworth Pinckney 

By Charles Moore 
Chairman of the National Commission of Fine Arts 

In the evening he sat in the parlor with 
Mrs. Washington and Mr. Lear. He 
was very cheerful, and read aloud from 
the papers items that interested or 
amused him. Being quite hoarse, he 
asked Mr. Lear to read to him while 
Mrs. Washington went up to Mrs. 
Lewis' room. A fortnight before, 
Frances Lewis had been born, and the 
mother was still in a very weak state. 

The General declined to take anything 
for his cold, saying : " You know I never 
take anything for a cold. Let it go as it 
came." Between three and four in the 
morning of the 14th, the General awoke 
Mrs. Washington. He said he felt very 
ill and had an ague. He spoke and 
breathed with difficulty ; but forbade his 
wife to call a servant, lest she should take 
cold. At daylight, Caroline appeared to 
make the fire, and Mr. Lear was sum- 
moned. 1 Doctor Craik, at Alexandria, was 

1 Tobias Lear left two accounts of the last 
days of General Washington. 


X Thursday, December 12, 1799, 
General Washington, as was his 
custom, rode out to his farms 
about ten in the morning and 
returned at three in the after- 
noon. Soon after he went out 
the weather became very bad, rain, hail 
and snow falling alternately, driven by 
a cold wind. 

On coming in he franked some letters, 
but said the weather was too bad to send 
a servant to the post-office. He told his 
anxious secretary, Tobias Lear, that his 
greatcoat had kept him dry ; but Lear 
saw with concern that his neck was wet 
and snow hung on his hair. He went to 
the dinner table without changing his 
clothes and in the evening he appeared 
as well as usual. The next day a heavy 
fall of snow kept him indoors, save for 
a brief sally into the grounds to mark 
some trees for cutting, to improve 
the view. 


sent for ; then Rawlins, one of the over- 
seers, was called to bleed the General. 
When Mrs. Washington remonstrated at 
the loss of so much blood, the General 
firmly called " more." Doctor Craik came 
at nine and applied the usual remedies. 
At eleven, Doctor Brown came from Port 
Tobacco, and at three Doctor Dick 
appeared. For the fourth time the 
General was bled — a remedy now super- 
seded, but then the most efficacious 
method known. Even with modern 
science, it is doubtful if Washington's 
life could have been saved. 2 

About four o'clock the General asked 
Mrs. Washington to bring two wills from 
his desk. He selected one and asked her 
to burn it. She did so. He told her to 
put the remaining one in her closet. 
When this was done, he gave other direc- 
tions, for he felt that his end was near. 
To his old friend and companion, Doctor 
Craik, he said: " Doctor, I die hard; but 
I am not afraid to go." He asked when 
Lawrence Lewis and George Washington 
Parke Custis would return from New 
Kent, whither they had gone for a visit. 

About ten o'clock Saturday night, the 
14th of December, the General died 
without a sigh or a struggle. Mrs. 
Washington, from her place at the foot 
of the bed, asked: " Is he gone? " Mr. 
Lear lifted his hand in acquiescence. 
" 'Tis well," she said ; " all is over now. 
I have no more trials to pass through. 
Soon I shall follow him." 

Congress, on hearing of the death of 
General Washington, immediately sent to 
his widow the request that she allow his 
body to be placed in a crypt in the Capitol, 
then building ; and she " taught by the 

'Washington's Death; Transactions of the 
College of Physicians and Surgeons of Philadel- 
phia, Vol. 25 ; 1903. Also Washington's Death 
and Doctors, by Dr. I. Solis Cohen ; Lippincott's 
Magazine; 1889. 

greatest example I had so long before me, 
never to oppose my private wishes to the 
public will," consented to the request, 
" and in doing this, I need not — I cannot 
— say what a sacrifice of individual feel- 
ing I make to a sense of public duty." 
Clearly, firmly, and in writing that bears 
the marks of high breeding, she wrote 
the words that, as she thought, separated 
her in death from the husband whose life 
she had shared to the fullest extent in 
camp and public office and home. Fortu- 
nately the separation was never made in 
fact. It is not possible, in view of the 
modern examples in Europe and this 
country, to conceive the crypt of the 
Capitol converted into a shrine compar- 
able in any particular to Mount Vernon. 

When General Washington's will was 
presented at a court held for the County 
of Fairfax, on January 20, 1800, it was 
found that he had conferred immortality 
on a multitude of friends and relatives 
by naming them in a document written 
in his own clear and finely formed hand- 
writing. Also, that he had divided his 
estate according to a fine sense of justice 
tempered by both mercy and kindly 
affection. " It has always been my inten- 
tion, since my expectation of having issue 
has ceased," he wrote, " to consider the 
grandchildren of my wife in the same 
light as I do my own relations, and to act 
a friendly part by them ; more especially 
by the two whom we have reared from 
their earliest infancy — namely — Eleanor 
Parke Custis and George Washington 
Parke Custis." 

So to Bushrod Washington, whose 
father had superintended the Mount 
Vernon estate while Washington was in 
the French and Indian War, he gave the 
four thousand acres that had come down 
to him from his father and his half- 
brother. To George Steptoe and 



Lawrence Augustine Washington, sons 
of his five-times-married brother Samuel, 
" who from his youth had attached him- 
self to my person and followed my for- 
tunes through the vicissitudes of the late 
Revolution," and afterwards had cared 
for Mount Vernon, he gave some two 
thousand acres, adjoining the Mount 
Vernon prop- 
erty. Since the 
death of their 
father he had 
educated the 
boys at an ex- 
pense of $5000, 
and this debt he 
cancelled, just 
as he cancelled 
the debts of 
other relatives, 
both his own 
and his wife's. 
To the children 
of his heart, 
Lewis and 
Eleanor Parke 
Lewis, whose 
marriage had 
gladdened h i s 
last birthday, 
he gave two 
thousand acres, 
together with 
his mill, distil- 
lery and other 
buildings, in- 
cluding what he considered the finest site 
for a house in all this land. Twelve 
hundred acres and Square No. 21 (west 
of the Naval Hospital) in Washington, 
he gave to George Washington Parke 
Custis. The residue of his estate he 
divided into twenty-three parts, for dis- 
tribution among his nephews and nieces, 

Copyright and reproduced by courtesy 01 George Barrie's Sons 



including in the distribution his wife's 
granddaughters, Elizabeth Parke Law 
and Martha Parke Peter. The value of 
each of these shares, according to his 
computation, was over $23,000. 

The two years and five months that 
Mrs. Washington lived as a widow 
marked a period of adjustments for the 

household a t 
Mount Vernon. 
The Lawrence 
Lewis family 
began to build 
Woodlawn, and 
George Wash- 
ington Parke 
Custis medi- 
tated his repro- 
d u c t i o n at 
Arlington o f 
the temple of 
Paestum. 3 
Meantime, the 
daily routine 
was to be ob- 
served. Letters 
of condolence 
came by every 
post, and the 
task of answer- 
ing the more 
intimate ones 
fell to Mrs. 
Lewis. Writ- 
ing to Mrs. 
Pinckney, 4 less 

3 Arlington House, located on the estate of 
1000 acres left to George Washington Parke 
Custis by his father, was begun in 1802 and 
completed the following year. In 1804 he mar- 
ried Mary Fitzhugh Lee, aged 16. The house 
was furnished largely from Mount Vernon 
Mr. Custis died in 1857. His wife died in 1853. 
Both are buried at Arlington. 

4 Alice Rutledge Felder MS. collection. Lib- 
rary of Congress. 



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than a month after General Washington's 
death, she says : " The shock was so sud- 
den and unexpected that I very much 
fear'd my Revered Parent could not sup- 
port it ; but that pious resignation to the 
dispensations of Providence, however 
afflicting, which has through life distin- 
guished her, the most devout submission 
to his Divine Will, has enabled her to 
support this severe trial with uncommon 
fortitude. Her health has suffer 'd but 
she is now pretty well, & I trust in 
Heaven that she will be preserved many 
years to bless her children and friends. 

" At the awful moment which depriv'd 
me of a Friend and Belov'd Father, I 
was prevented paying the last sad duties 
by confinement, my Child was a fortnight 
old and I in a very weak state." 

On November 9, 1800, Mrs. Lewis 
writes to Mrs. Pinckney, acknowledging 
for herself and her sisters (Mrs. Law 
and Mrs. Peter) a gift of plumes sent by 
General Pinckney. " We are very vain 
of them, I assure you," she says, " and 
whenever I wish to look particularly 
smart, I become a Major General." She 
and her child had spent five weeks with 
her mother, Mrs. Stuart, " but ague and 
fever still pursued us." Mrs. Washington 
" was very sick for a short time with a 
bilious attack, she is now recovered & 
looks better than when you were here." 
She continues : " We have had races in 
Alexandria, balls, plays, &c. I was one 
morning there, but could not leave 
my daughter for the evening parties. 
She is more amusing to me than 
any entertainment." 

Six months later, May 9, 1801, Mrs. 
Lewis again writes to Mrs. Pinckney. 
Both the writer and her grandmother had 
.been suffering from violent coughs, and 
her brother " was for a long time ill 
with a bilious fever and something of 

a Pleurisy." She " had serious appre- 
hensions of a decline in which my friends 
and Physician concurred, but the timely 
and constant use of milk punch and a 
conserve of roses, with air and exercise, 
have removed those fears and I now 
begin to fatten a little." 

The joy of the household was the baby, 
Frances Lewis. " My darling child," 
writes the fond mother to Mrs. Pinckney, 
" has been remarkably healthy the last 
six months. She is very short but as 
fat as a little partridge, chatters, runs 
about, and is in every kind of mischief ; 
her hair curls very prettily and I often 
wish you could witness her improvements. 
I am sure it will please my dear Mrs. 
Pinckney to know that my little Frances 
is the darling of her good Grandmother 
and seems to afford her comfort and 
amusement. My Beloved Parent is de- 
lighted when my child is fond of her, 
calls her Grandmama and gives her 
sweet Kisses ; my only fear is my 
daughter will be spoilt, she is indulged 
in everything, stays with her grand- 
mama the most part of every day and 
is never denied anything she takes a 
fancy to. I cannot describe to you how 
perfectly delightful my sensations are 
when I see my venerable Parent, to whom 
my utmost gratitude and devoted attach- 
ment are due, fondling my darling 
cherub, who is more necessary to my 
happiness than I can express. I feel 
more grateful if possible for the renewed 
love of my Grandmama to my child than 
for all the benefits and affections she 
has bestowed upon me ; can I possibly 
fail my respected Friend in any of the 
duties and affections of a Mother when 
I have such an example constantly before 
me? When I remember the care, the 
anxiety, the unremitted attention and 
affection of mv revered Parent to me? 

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" My Frances runs about everywhere, 
sings, dances, and is much delighted with 
a doll I bought for her in Alexandria, 
she is extremely fond of her Father and 
myself — he is as much attached to her as 
I am, and as soon as he returns from his 
Farm he plays on the violin for her to 
dance and attends a great deal to her." 

With the defeat of General Pinckney, 
the Federalist candidate for Vice Presi- 
dent, by Aaron Burr, and the election of 
Thomas Jefferson as President, the 
family at Mount Vernon began to ex- 
perience the change in the temper of the 
times — a change which they regarded as 
but temporary. The successive defeats 
of General Pinckney for the Presidency 
in 1804 and 1808 marked the downfall 
of the Federalist party, and the beginning, 
also, of a new social order. How little 
relished at Mount Vernon was the change 
is made evident in the letter above 
adverted to. Mrs. Lewis writes: 

" The regard of Genl. Pinckney and 
yourself is all ways remember 'd and 
mention'd with pride and pleasure, & I 
assure you with sincerity, that you have 
not more zealous admirers in the world 
than are to be met with at this time at 
Mount Vernon. Sincerely have we de- 
plored the infatuation of our Country- 
men and the triumph of democracy, we 
are completely degraded in my opinion, 
my only consolation is that it is probably 
for the best. Americans have hitherto 
been so happy they did not properly 
appreciate the blessings they enjoyed, not 
experiencing calamity they were unmind- 
ful of felicity, and ungratefully repined 
without having a grievance to complain 
of. Now the scene is changed adversity 
will teach them repentance and submis- 
sion. They will regret the blessings they 
have lost by their own folly — their eyes 
will be opened, reformation will be 

effected and we may then hope for the 
millenium so long predicted — what think 
you of my prophecy? For Genl. 
Pinckney's own comfort I should never 
wish him to be a President, happiness is 
not an attendant on that situation. I am 
persuaded he is far happier in his present 
employment, but for his Country I think 
the loss is irreparable for the present four 
years — after that expires I trust America 
will retrieve her character by electing 
him unanimously and for life. 

" The much valued plume was worn 
to an Assembly the 3rd of March. I 
was very much indisposed, but as it was 
the only Assembly during my stay in the 
City I went for the pleasure of wearing 
my badge of Federalism, my sisters wore 
theirs during the winter, it was a very 
dull party and I was glad to return to 
my Frances with a resolution of not 
attending another dance for three years 
at least." 

On January 3, 1802, Mrs. Lewis, 
answering Mrs. Pinckney's letter of the 
previous September (so dilatory was the 
correspondence), writes that " my revered 
Parent, with other friends here, are quite 
well. I am myself in better health & 
fatter than I have been for two years last 
past, my children are fat & rosy. My 
precious Frances is her Grandmama's 
darling and my little smiling Martha is 
one of the most quiet children I ever saw. 
I love them equally. I do not feel the 
least difference in my affection for them. 
My dear Mother [Mrs. David Stuart] 
has just recovered from her confinement 
with her twentieth child, it is a very fine 
girl, large and healthy. * * * 

" On Thursday I dined, in company 
with my sister & Mr. Lewis, at Wood- 
lawn our new House, it was so novel to 
me to preside in a House, that I spent a 
very happy day and my little Frances, 



who was with me, was delighted with 
everything. It is nearly ready for us, 
and I hope next summer we shall be 
favored with the company of yourself 
and Genl. Pinckney there." 

The last letter of the series, written 
on January 19, 1803, is full of pathos. 
Mrs. Washington had died on the 22d 
of the previous May; 5 Mrs. Lewis had 
been ill physically and mentally. She 
was on the road to recovery physically, 
but the whole aspect of life had changed 
with the departure from Mount Vernon. 

" We live at Woodlawn in a small part 
of our intended House, it is rather incon- 
venient, but we are allways pleased with 
our house and our poor little Frances is 
a constant comfort, had my Martha and 
my little son lived, we should have been 
as fortunate Parents as any in the world, 
but they are much more fortunate in 
being spared the trials which attend 
every one in this life. 

" The last summer I passed in 
Frederick County. I went to Harper's 
Ferry, to the house where General 
Pinckney and yourself resided, and 
viewed it with regret. I wished to have 
gone to Shepherds Town to see your 
residence there. * * * Next season 
we propose passing entirely in the upper 
country. I shall then certainly visit 
Shepherds Town. * * * I am charmed 

with that Country and should like very 
much to reside there entirely, or to leave 
Virginia [blot] the Eastern States. 

" I live now in sight of Mount Vernon, 
and it is a continued source of uneasiness 
to reflect on times past which can never 
be recalled." 

In 1839, Lawrence Lewis died at 
Arlington and was buried in the tomb of 
the W'ashingtons at Mount Vernon. 
Thereupon his wife removed to Audley, 
an estate of her husband's near Berry- 
ville, Clarke County, Virginia; and 
Woodlawn was deserted. Thus, after a 
quarter of a century, Nelly Custis, as she 
is best known, achieved the wish ex- 
pressed to Mrs. Pinckney — to get away 
from scenes associated with such sad 
memories. At Audley she lived until 
1852. On July 19th of that year, she 
was buried at Mount Vernon, out- 
side the vault, separated from her 
husband. A modest monument marks 
the grave of the daughter of George 
Washington's heart. 

5 Died — at Mount Vernon, on Saturday even- 
ing last, Mrs. Martha Washington, widow of 
the late illustrious General George Washington. 

To those amiable and christian virtues which 
adorn the female character she added dignity 
of manners, superiority of understanding, a 
mind intelligent and elevated. — The silence of 
respectful grief is her best eulogy. — Washington 
National Intelligencer, Wednesday, May 26, 1802. 


HE time is rapidly approaching when 
I shall again welcome the members 
of our Continental Congress. I am 
looking forward to this reunion with 
the utmost pleasure. It will be good 
indeed to welcome them, gathering 
once more in their own Hall to 
transact the business of our Society. 

As I go about among the states I find there are 
quite a few in our Society who cling to the idea 
that we are a social organization ; with a back- 
ground, perhaps, of historical purposes and 
reminiscent tendencies, but mainly devoted to 
social pleasures, tea table chit-chat, and a 
superficial kind of flag waving. In some chap- 
ters there is a restive protest against " too 
much business " on the programs. Members 
are " bored " when officers and chairmen read 
their reports, or when state and national 
circular letters and appeals are read. There 
are some who do not see why they need take 
any interest or part in work outside their own 
communities. " If we must work," say they, 
" let us work at home." Some accept official 
positions and never even answer the official 
communications addressed to them. Others 
protest against being called upon to pay their 
quotas toward state or national patriotic work, 
claiming that the National Society "has no right" 
to put upon them the burden of such tasks. One 
visit to a Continental Congress would change 
this point of view. It would be seen that work 
and service, not social pleasures or prestige, 
are the fundamental principles of our Society. 
Work first, then play, is our slogan ! To those 
who are coming to our Congress this month — 
and to those who stay at home — I want to re- 
peat that the work of our Society is their first 
duty and the individual responsibility of each 
one. The " business " which " bores " whether 
in Chapter, State Conference or Congress, is 
an opportunity for service to home and country. 
No organized work of any value to the world 
was ever accomplished without " business " and 
" business meetings." We are about to assem- 
ble in the biggest business meeting of the 
Society. Let us bring to it the highest spirit 
of service. Let us come with ideals and put 
them into practice — ideals for the betterment 
of our dear land and the safety of its institu- 
tions, built up by the blood and sacrifice of 
our ancestors. We are living in a time when 
these institutions are being put to the severest 
test in all their history. In the welter and 

chaos left by the War, it would be a thing to 
marvel at if the firmest foundations did not 
shake. But in that welter there are many 
stabalizing influences at work. 

Our Society is one of those influences. It 
is a powerful one, growing more and more 
powerful with our increasing members, but 
mere members will not count if the spirit of 
service is lacking. We come to our Congress 
to put this spirit into action ; to give and 
receive ideas for useful patriotic work in town 
and state; to legislate for the best interests of 
all our Chapters and members ; to educate 
ourselves in order that we may educate others 
in the ideals of the forefathers ; to catch the 
spirit of true Americanism and carry it home 
and spread it abroad throughout all the land. 
This, and not social pleasures or elections of 
candidates is the high mission of our Congress. 
It is a stabalizing influence in our country, pow- 
erfully offsetting the radical influences that are 
working to destroy us. Come to it with a faith 
that puts the faint-hearted pessimist to shame — 
faith in America and her institutions, faith in 
the justice and righteousness upon which they 
are built, faith in God over all — and then go 
back home and work for America ; work in 
the schools, to make them better and guard 
them against all that is not loyally American ; 
work in the churches and homes for a revival 
of that religious faith of our fathers which es- 
tablished this country; work everywhere for 
a return to normal, orderly living, free from 
the excesses and extravagances that have run 
riot amongst us for so long. 

It is our sacred duty as American women 
to stand on the bed rock of the American tra- 
ditions in which we were brought up, and build 
them up as sure foundations in the rocking, 
agitated world about us. For these traditions 
have grown up through centuries of develop- 
ment because right and truth, justice, liberty, 
and faith lie at the base of them. Therefore 
they cannot perish from the earth, if we but 
do our duty. " Let us have faith that right 
makes might and in that faith let us to the end 
dare to do our duty, as we understand it." 
Lincoln spoke these words in a great national 
crisis. We are now passing through a world 
crisis. In Congress assembled may the National 
Society, Daughters of the American Revolution 
see clearly, think calmly and dare to do its full 
duty in the service of America. 

Anne Rodgers Minor, 
President General. 


HE statue of Jeanne d'Arc, a 
gift from the women of France 
to the women of America and 
presented by " Le Lyceum," 
Societe des Femmes de France 
a New York, was unveiled in 
Meridian Hill Park, Washington, D. C, 
on January 6, 1922, in the presence of 
the President of the United States, high 
Government officials and an assemblage 
of distinguished guests. The statue is a 
replica of that of Jeanne d'Arc by the 
sculptor, Paul Dubois, which stands in 
front of the Rheims Cathedral, France. 

The services attending the unveiling 
were extremely simple. They comprised 
introductory remarks by Col. C. O. 
Sherrill, U. S. Army, military aide to 
President Harding and presiding officer 
at the ceremonies ; invocation by Rev. 
Pere Wucher ; presentation and donation 
of the statue by Madame Carlo Polifeme, 
presidente fondatrice " Le Lyceum " ; 
unveiling of statue by Mrs. Warren G. 
Harding and Madame Jules Jusserand, 
with salute of seventeen guns by U. S. 
Artillery; the playing of the national 
anthems of France and America by the 
U. S. Marine Band ; acceptance of the 
statue by the Secretary of War, Hon. 
John W. Weeks; the acceptance of the 
dedication for the women of America 
by Mrs. George Maynard Minor, Presi- 
dent General of the National Society, 
Daughters of the American Revolution; 
and an address by the French Ambassa- 

dor, M. Jusserand, after which the 
benediction was pronounced by the Rev. 
Charles Wood. The singing of The 
Battle Hymn of the Republic, by Airs. 
Nathaniel Brandon and the audience, 
completed the program. 

In presenting the statue, Madame 
Polifeme said : 

It is with the greatest emotion that I appear 
before you to-day to play a part, perhaps, in 
the destinies of our great nations. To all of 
us who have been brought consciously or 
unconsciously to travel the path of great aims 
with impeccable and staunch faith, with perse- 
verence and patience that wavers not, comes a 
day so majestic in its aspects that it radiates 
like a divine inspiration. 

Assembled as we are here under the power 
of our Governments, represented by their 
faithful sons, Ambassador Jusserand and 
President Harding, I praise the Almighty that 
granted us the time of this memorable Con- 
vention to manifest our sincere expression of 
love and loyalty. 

I shall not attempt to discourse on the char- 
acter of the " Maid of Domremy." I leave 
this to our historians and orators ; we are 
toilers, we express ourselves with our efforts. 

When " Le Lyceum " organized for the pur- 
pose of giving French and American women a 
field of culture amenable to friendship and 
understanding, we resolved as an expression of 
love toward our new Country to erect to our 
Patron, Jeanne d'Arc, a monument, to be dedi- 
cated to the Women of America and offered 
to Washington. 

Little did we think then of the terrible years 
just past, which impeded our work by other 
work more pressing, paralyzing at times our 
energies and resources by anxiety, worry 
and sorrow. 

While in France under Verdun, our soldiers 
cried : " On ne passe pas." The American 
boys rejoined, " Hold on," and we did hold on, 
on all sides, and proceeded forward. These 




terrible years brought us nearer together, the 
blood of America has sprinkled the field of 
France. Together we have suffered, together 
we must pray and pray and pray for Peace ! 
Jeanne d'Arc is our living prayer. 

For Liberty and Peace Lafayette brought you 
his sword ; for Peace and Justice Jeanne d'Arc 
brings you her Faith (the Cross). . 

Jeanne d'Arc, la bonne Lorraine, la grande 
Frangaise will keep alive the burning flame 
of our love and from her new basilica bring 
blessing over her 
new Country. 

Nothing more 
sacred could be 
dedicated to the 
Women of Amer- 
ica, nothing more 
beautiful offered 
to the beautiful 
City of Washing- 
ton than this work 
of art by Paul 
Dubois, an exact 
replica of that 
which stood im- 
mune in front of 
the ruined Cath- 
edral of Rheims 
during the four 
years of the 
greatest carnage 
of the world. 

Jeanne d'Arc is 
a living prayer, 
our living and 
eternal prayer. 
Mr. President, in 
the name of " Le 
Lyceum," Societe 
des Femmes de 
France a New 
York, I have the 
honor to present 
to you the sym- 
bolic figure of 
Jeanne d'Arc, the 
heroine of France. 
" I feel greatly 
honored," said 
Secretary Weeks in his speech of acceptance, 
" to be the medium through which the people 
of the District of Columbia and the entire 
United States gratefully accept this beautiful 
statue of Jeanne d'Arc. It is another evidence 
of the lasting friendship between the peoples 
of two great republics. 

" I do not think a more appropriate site 
could have been selected, for from this com- 
manding position the statue of this heroic maid 

Copyright, Underwood & Underwood 


overlooks one of the great capitals of the 
world and stands as a monument to the highest 
attainments in human life — faith in God, 
devotion to country and a character with- 
out blemish. 

"Many individuals have had their day in the 
life of a nation and have acquired national 
reputation. A few have rendered such service 
to mankind that they have attained inter- 
national reputation and permanent place in 
history. Such men and women do not belong 

to the country of 
their nativity, but 
to the whole 

" America has 
given the world 
two such men — 
whose leadership 
brought victory to 
our struggle for 
independence and 
made possible this 
great republic, 
and Lincoln, who 
saved the repub- 
lic from destruc- 
t i o n and gave 
freedom to an 
enslaved race. 
France has given 
mankind Jeanne 
d'Arc, one of the 
most striking and 
unusual figures 
in the world's 

" It is my pri- 
vilege to express 
to the members of 
the Societe des 
Femmes de 
France a New 
York the deep 
sense of gratitude 
of the people of 
Washington for 
this generous gift, 
and it is my great 
honor and personal pleasure to accept on behalf 
of the District of Columbia this Statue of 
Jeanne d'Arc." 

Mrs. George Maynard Minor, as the 
representative of American women, in her 
address stated : 

" The privilege of speaking to-day for the 
women of America to the women of France 
touches me very deeply; it inspires thoughts 
and emotions which are difficult to express in 



the cold medium of words. Spirit speaks to 
spirit in a moment like this, the spirit of 
America to the spirit of France. To seek to 
imprison this spirit in a formal address is a 
task that defies adequate fulfillment. Neverthe- 
less, there are two or three thoughts that may 
be emphasized in the brief time available on 
such an occasion as this, and I feel it an honor 
to be given this opportunity to express them. 

It is peculiarly fitting that the National 
Society Daughters of the American Revolution 
should be chosen as the representative to-day 
of the women of America — should be given the 
honor of accepting in their behalf this monu- 
ment erected to Joan of Arc, that great em- 
blem of patriot womanhood, and dedicated by 
the women of France to the women of 
America. This Society, which I have the 
honor of representing, is national in scope and 
patriotic in purpose, being dedicated to the 
service of Home and Country ; it represents 
every State in the Union and is composed of 
the descendants of the patriot founders of this 
country ; therefore it may well speak for the 
womanhood of America. It represents America 
itself, American ideals, American institutions, 
American homes, American women of patriot 
lineage whose forefathers fought and died for 
liberty. It speaks for the women of the past 
who gave their husbands and sons for liberty, 
who welcomed as their comrades in arms the 
renowned Lafayette and Rochambeau of 
France. It speaks for all the women of the 
present, the women of American birth and 
the women of foreign birth who likewise gave 
husbands and sons to die for that same liberty 
on the battlefields of France. Truly our 
Society is well fitted to express — -and we do 
express — to the women of France in New York 
the deep appreciation of the women of America 
for the gift of this monument to Joan, immortal 
Liberator of France, whose high and sacred 
patriotism impelled her, too, to give her life 
as a supreme sacrifice for her country ; we 
express our deep sense of friendship between 
our two great Republics to which this monu- 
ment is also an enduring and eloquent witness. 

Furthermore, for the women of America we 
express our undying admiration for France — 
France the martyr, France the defender of 
the world's liberty. France, liberated by Joan 
of Arc five centuries ago, is to-day the mar- 
tyred saviour of the world's civilization and 
liberty; she is Joan incarnate, the world's Joan 
of Arc who led the Allied flags to victory 
under the immortal Foch, who gathered the 
hosts of freedom under her banners at the 
Marne and at Verdun; who said to the invad- 
ing hordes, " They shall not pass " ; and who 
to-day is rising again from her ruins, uncon- 
quered, undaunted, immortal. Truly the spirit 

of France and of Joan of Arc are one, and 
both are immortal, even as human liberty and 
divine truth and justice are immortal. 

And finally, one other thought should be 
expressed to-day. As the spirit of Joan of 
Arc is the emblem of patriotism, of self- 
sacrifice for liberty, of the immortality of 
liberty, truth and justice, so is it also the 
emblem of faith, faith in the divine guidance 
of God. Here Joan of Arc and the Pilgrim 
founders of this nation clasp hands across the 
centuries. Here the simple French peasant girl 
and the English seekers after religious and civil 
liberty meet on the common ground of faith ; 
in this simple faith in God France, England 
and America may be said to be one, and so 
long as each nation has held firmly to this 
faith, it has prospered and advanced. While 
Joan heard the voices, saw the vision, opened 
her spirit to the divine guidance, she led the 
white banner of France to victory ; when her 
task was done and she no longer was conscious 
of the divine, she was led captive to her 
martyr's death ; she lost her hold on men's 
minds and hearts. Just so, France ; when in 
the madness of communism during the Reign 
of Terror, the French Revolutionists renounced 
God and set up human reason in His place, 
France lost her grip upon herself and for one 
mad, brief interval played the game of spiritual 
death. But faith returned ; religion was re- 
stored ; like Joan who again heard the voices 
at the stake guiding her spirit to victory and 
clearing her vision in death so France rose 
from that death of the spirit into the immortal 
life of a free and regenerated people. 

Thus may it ever be with the nations that 
love liberty and spurn license and tyranny 
and oppression. Let us hold fast to the faith 
that spoke to Joan in voice and vision, the 
faith that brought the Mayflower across the 
raging seas, the faith that worked miracles 
at the Marne. Let us hold to the vision or 
we perish. 

At this time we need this lesson in faith — 
we need to study it well and keep it in mind, 
for we are all too prone to crowd it out of 
our lives. 

In this epoch-making hour, when the nations 
are meeting together in Conference to maintain 
the world's peace and promote good-will among 
men, do we not especially need to learn again 
this simple, trusting faith of the peasant girl 
of France, who saw God's hand leading her 
and heard God's voice calling her to the service 
of her country? 

That faith was not superstition or hallucina- 
tion ; it was real ; it filled her life ; it animated 
her every act and word. It will guide us to-day 
if we will but listen to it; and listen we must 
if we are to hold fast the victory for freedom 



and righteousness won over the evil forces let 
loose by German lust for power. 

In Memorial Continental Hall the Allies are 
again assembled around the council table, but 
this time the council table is not one of war but 
one of peace ; let us have faith in their sincerity 
and earnestness of purpose ; have faith that 
peace and good-will are their ruling motives ; 
have faith above all that God is guiding their 
counsels to the advancement of His Kingdom ; 
thus good-will and justice and mercy will 

flourish upon earth and the faith that led 
Joan of Arc to victory will lead mankind 
to peace. 

Again, in behalf of the women of America, 
I accept with profound appreciation this beauti- 
ful monument erected by the women of France 
to the glory of all womanhood and dedicated to 
the women of America, in whose hearts the 
love of France and of her heroic martyr and 
patriot, Joan of Arc, will remain for- 
ever enshrined. 




The Italian Manual for Immigrants has just 
been issued. The Manual may now be obtained 
in the English, Italian and Spanish languages. 
The Yiddish, Polish and Hungarian are in 
process of translation. 

The book is already winning high praise from 
educators wherever it gees. Inasmuch as it has 
not yet been found practicable to distribute it at 
the ports of entry, a new ruling of the National 
Society allows chapters to have it free of charge 
upon application through their State Regents, if 
it is wanted for direct distribution to the immi- 
grants. In this way spirit and purpose of our 
work will be accomplished quite as well, 
perhaps, as at the ports of entry. 

For text-book use, or fur purposes other, than 
the above, a charge will be made as here- 
tofore, vis : 

Single copies 20 cents each 

In lots of 25 or more 15 cents each 

In lots of 100 or more.... 12 cents each 
In lots of 1000 or more.... 10 cents each 
This to apply to all languages. 
Orders with money should be sent to the 
Treasurer Genera!, Memorial Continental Hall, 
Washington, D. C. 

Orders for free books should be addressed to 
the State Regent, stating the purpose to give 
it directly to the immigrant. The State Regent 
will forward the order to the Corresponding 
Secretary General. 

State Regents are asked to keep a record of 
all orders thus received and forwarded, and 
to report same to Mrs. John L. Buel, Vice 
Chairman in Charge of Immigrants' Manual, 
Litchfield, Connecticut. 


By Elisabeth E. Poe 

N the Sunday preceding the 
sessions of the Continental 
Congress of the Daughters of 
the American Revolution, a 
special service, with a patriotic 
sermon, is always held at the 
Cathedral of SS. Peter and Paul, Mount 
St. Alhan, in the District of Columbia. 

The history of this national cathedral 
is both romantic and interesting, and is 
linked with General George Washington's 
plans for the Capital City of the 
United States. 

General Washington, in his outline of 
the city to Major Pierre L' Enfant — the 
French engineer whose plans were used — 
included a church for national purposes. 
The builders of the Cathedral of SS. 
Peter and Paul have kept this ideal of 
Washington ever in mind, and have tried 
to realize his vision of a " great national 
House of Prayer for all People." 

Major L'Enfant, in laying out the city, 
planned a State church, to be built on the 
site of the present Patent Office, an 
" American " Westminster Abbey in 
effect, yet to belong to no denomination. 
It is interesting to note the words of 
L'Enfant on the topic. He thus 
describes it : 

" A Church (to be erected) for national 
purposes, such as public prayer, thanks- 
giving, funeral orations, etc. ; and be 
assigned to the special use of no particu- 

lar denomination or sect ; but to be 
equally open to all. It will likewise be 
a shelter for such monuments as were 
voted by the last Continental Congress 
for the heroes who fell in the cause 
of liberty." 

The State church was never built; yet 
there was the germ of the idea of a 
National Cathedral, which was strength- 
ened through the patriotic and religious 
action of one churchman of that period. 

Joseph Nourse, first Registrar of the 
Treasury, was Washington's intimate 
friend, and a man of deeply religious 
sentiment. He lived on what is now 
Mount St. Alban, the Cathedral Close. 
Near his Colonial mansion, and overlook- 
ing the infant Capital, was a grove of 
beautiful oak trees. Here he would 
often go and pray that some day a 
church might be built on that spot. The 
years passed and Joseph Nourse went to 
his grave with his dream unfulfilled, his 
prayer unanswered — or so it seemed. 

Some years later when his grand- 
daughter. Miss Phoebe Nourse, died, 
among her effects was found a small 
box containing fifty gold dollars, with 
instructions that it be used to erect a 
" free church on Alban Hill." Touched 
by her desire to bring her grandfather's 
prayer to fruition, friends and the boys 
of a neighboring school dug the foun- 
dations, and a small Chapel was erected 




and named St. Albans. The present 
parish church of St. Albans is within 
the Close and dates back over one 
hundred years. 

The Cathedral project slumbered 
through the years, until in 1893 a charter 
was granted by Congress for a Protestant 
Episcopal Cathedral Foundation. In 1895 

work to establish the Cathedral. A ten- 
tative site had been secured in Chevy 
Chase. After a time it was seen that this 
site would not do and then by a curious 
coincidence the trustees of the Cathedral 
were enabled to secure the very site 
upon which Joseph Nourse had prayed 
nearlv a centurv before that a Church 


the General Convention of the Episcopal 
Church authorized the formation of a 
new diocese to include the City of 
Washington as well as certain counties 
in southern Maryland. The Rev. Henry 
Yates Satterlee, of New York, was 
elected its first Bishop. 

From the beginning of his episcopate 
Bishop Satterlee was indefatigable in his 

of Christ might be built. The wisdom 
of this selection has been well vindicated, 
not only from a sentimental standpoint, 
, but from a practical one as well. 

On the crest of the hill, overlooking 
the entire city, is a park of forty acres. 
This park is the Cathedral Close. It 
has the same area as had the Temple at 
Jerusalem. At the highest point and at 



the same elevation above Washington 
that the Temple was above Jerusalem is 
the site of the National Cathedral of 
SS. Peter and Paul. 

In 1898, in the presence of the Bishops, 
the Clergy and the lay delegates of the 
General Convention of the Episcopal 
Church, the President of the United 
States, and thousands of people, there 
was raised the Peace Cross, to mark the 
consecration of the Cathedral site. 

At the service of the unveiling of this 
Cross, President McKinley said : " I 
appreciate the very great privilege given 
me to participate with the ancient church 
here represented, its Bishops and its lay- 
men, in this new sowing for the Master 
and for men. Every undertaking like 
this for the promotion of religion and 
morality and education is a positive gain 
to citizenship, to country and to civiliza- 
tion, and in this single word I wish for 
the sacred enterprise the highest influence 
and the widest usefulness."' 

Around the Peace Cross on summer 
evenings are held open air services. 
Among the preachers have been the 
Archbishop of Canterbury, the Bishop 
of London, and many other distin- 
guished prelates. 

The plans for the National Cathedral 
were drawn by Sir George Bodley, the 
English master of Gothic architecture. 
He was assisted by his American pupil, 
Henry Vaughan. Sir George had planned 
many notable buildings in Great Britain, 
including the Liverpool Cathedral, the 
largest in the world. But the Washington 
Cathedral was his masterpiece and it 
ushered in a revival of Gothic architec- 
ture. The general architectural features 
will be along the lines of the famous 
Cologne Cathedral. The nave will be 
five aisles across and at the choir three 
aisles wide. Three altars will make pos- 

sible three simultaneous services. The 
length of the Cathedral edifice is to be 
500 feet, the span of the nave, 39 feet, 
the height 93 feet, and the area 63,500 
square feet. Allowing seven square feet 
for each person seated, the Washington 
Cathedral will seat over 5000 persons. 

A great tower, to be named the Gloria 
in Excelsis Tower, will spring from the 
centre 220 feet from the ground. Two 
smaller towers at the west entrance will 
emphasize the splendid beauty of the 
design. The spacious nave will be lighted 
by stained glass windows through which 
the light is to be thrown in alternating 
mist and brightness down the nave, giv- 
ing a beautiful effect. High on the rood 
screen will shine the Rood or Cross, 
rising out of the gloom, the most promi- 
nent object in the entire Cathedral, so 
lighted by the great stained glass windows 
of the Sanctuary Altar back of it, that 
it will catch the eye of the worshipper 
immediately upon entering. 

The treatment of the porches at the 
west entrances are to resemble those of 
the magnificent Cathedral at Amiens, 
France. The two front doorways are 
seventy feet across, while the inner por- 
ticoes measure nearly fifty feet. Arcad- 
ing and statues of personages celebrated 
in Old Testament history will further 
enrich these porticoes. 

Before the fabric of the National 
Cathedral was begun, even before the 
design was selected, there were brought 
to this country the stones around which 
this great fane will shape itself. From 
the Quarries of Solomon and from the 
ledge of rock in which the sepulchre of 
our Lord was hewn, were quarried the 
rocks which have now been fashioned 
into the high altar of the Cathedral. 
This altar is the joint gift of American 
dioceses and congregations and is tern- 





porarily placed in the Little Sanctuary, a 
memorial to Mrs. Percy R. Pyne, given 
by her children and now used as a chapel 
for the Boys' School. In the Little 
Sanctuary are, in addition to the Altar, 
the Bishop's chair or Cathedra, made of 
stones of Glastonbury Abbey, where, 
according to ancient writers, Joseph of 
Arimathea established his mission and 
founded his church among the ancient 
Britons. Here is also the Canterbury 
Ambon, made of stone taken from Can- 
terbury Cathedral and fashioned into a 
pulpit, which illustrates in stone the his- 
tory of the English Bible. These will ulti- 
mately be placed in the great Cathedral. 

Through the generosity of Mrs. Julian 
James the final payment of $50,000 was 
made on the site in 1906. This act is 
commemorated by the Cathedral land- 
mark set up in the form of a sun-dial 
which marks not only the hours of the 
day, but also the seasons of the 
Christian year and on which are in- 
scribed the names of those whom the 
gift commemorates. 

Not long after the preliminary designs 
were drawn, Doctor Bodley died and 
Mr. Vaughan continued the work alone, 
completing the plans, including models of 
the exterior and interior. He supervised 
the building of the Bethiehem Chapel and 
the Sanctuary or Apse until his death on 
June 30th. He is buried in the crypt of 
the great Cathedral he had helped 
to design. 

Education in the past found an early 
home in the ancient Cathedrals, and in 
1900 a National Cathedral School for 
Girls, the gift of Mrs. Phoebe A. Hearst, 
was erected. Later a Cathedral Choir 
School for Boys was started. This was 
the gift of Mrs. Harriet Lane Johnston, 
niece of President James Buchanan. 

The first building on the Cathedral 

grounds used for worship was the beau- 
tiful Little Sanctuary, through whose 
wide gateway a view of the entire city 
of Washington can be obtained. To 
date one- fourteenth of the entire Cathe- 
dral has been built. It is expected to 
resume building operations this Spring. 
The building fund in hand amounts to 
$700,000, of which $150,000 is available 
for the foundations. These will cost 
$300,000, and as soon as the foundations 
of the entire fabric are laid, work will 
start on the remainder of the Cathedral. 

The Apse, or Sanctuary of the Cathe- 
dral, received a generous donation from 
Mrs. Archibald D. Russell, in memory of 
her mother, Mrs. Percy R. Pyne. In the 
Apse, in a richly carved niche, is to be 
placed the Book of Remembrance, 
wherein are inscribed the names of the 
donors to the Cathedral. 

Embedded in the foundations of the 
Sanctuary and under the High Altar is 
the Bethlehem Chapel of the Nativity, 
which is a memorial to Bishop Satterlee. 
Daily services are held there, interces- 
sions for the mission of the Church, 
the work of the State, and speedy com- 
pletion of the Cathedral. 

The Cathedral Chapter comprises : 
The Rt. Rev. Alfred Harding, Bishop 
of Washington ; Dean, The Very Rev. 
G. C. F. Bratenahl ; Canons, Rt. Rev. 
James De Wolf Perry, Rev. William L. 
De Vries, Rt. Rev. Philip M. Rhinelander, 
and the Rev. James E. Freeman; Mr. 
Charles C. Glover, Mr. Charles J. Bell, 
Dr. William C. Rives, Hon. Henry 
White, Mr. Corcoran Thorn, Mr. James 
Parmalee, and Dr. William H. Wilmer. 

In the contributions of $2,500,000 
made thus far toward the Cathedral, the 
whole Nation is, geographically at least, 
represented in the offering of this great 
temple to God. This new world " West- 



minster Abbey," will stand, too, as a 
thank offering for the safe return of mil- 
lions of Americans from the World War, 
and also as a memorial for the thousands 
who have not returned, having laid down 
their lives for their country. 

And it is just as truly a memorial to 
the far-sighted vision of the great Wash- 

ington who saw that a nation must be 
built on the enduring rock of spiritual 
power and belief in order to survive. 

The National Cathedral will redeem the 
City of Washington from being the only 
capital in the civilized world which has 
no great temple of worship standing 
forth in the sight of all men. 


To be assured of the delivery of your magazines, changes of address should 
be sent one month in advance. Only one change of address can be recorded at 
a time. The old address must always be given. Kindly use the following blank 
for this purpose : 

Treasurer General, N.S., D.A.R. 

Memorial Continental Hall, 
Washington, D. C. 

For the Daughters of the American Revolution Magazine; kindly 
change the address of 

(Miss) (Mrs.) 




JUNE 6, 1783 

Copied From. The Records By Alice V. D. Pierrepont 

O the Hon- ble the Speaker and 
other Members of the House of 
Delegates of Virginia : 

The remonstrance of Sun- 
dry, the Freeholders and other 
Freemen of the County of 
Hanover Humbly sheweth that From the 
vicinity of our Situation to the seat of 
Government we have had an opportunity 
of hearing that there now lies before your 
hon- ble House a Bill to exclude particular 
classes of British Subjects from the 
rights of citizenship within this Com- 
monwealth. The propriety of this meas- 
ure appears so obvious to us that we 
should not have offered to your Hon- bU 
Body our sentiments upon the subject 
had we not been to our great surprise 
informed that the Bill was like to meet 
with warm opposition in the passage. 

We have even been informed, but 
know not how to believe, that some 
Gent- m of Great Influence in the Legis- 
lature mean to exclude those only who, 
having taken the Oaths of Allegiance 
to our Government, have afterwards 
adhered to the British Interest. Men 
whose lives are already forfeited as 
Traitors to their Country, and against 
whom we conceive no prohibiting laws 
are now necessary. But we, as a part of 
that great Community over which you 
Preside, beg Leave to present to you our 
opinion on this very important point, 

Submitting it to your determination with 
,r the firmest reliance on the wisdom and 
- Patriotism of your Hon- ble House. 

As Freemen, sensible of and putting a 
proper value upon those blessings we 
have just obtained, and for which we 
have risked everything that is dear to us, 
we cannot hear without the utmost con- 
cern that there exists the most distant 
probability of admitting to an equal 
participation of those blessings with our- 
selves, men who have hazarded nothing 
in the attainment of them ; men who have 
ever been zealous in opposition to our 
cause ; and who have in many instances 
exerted their whole Powers to reduce us 
to the most servile subjection to 
British Tyranny. 

We conceive that those persons who 
are most obnoxious and who cannot with 
safety be suffered to return among us, 
may be classed under three heads : 

1st — All natives of America who have 
taken part with Britain in the Late con- 
test or who have resided in the british 
Dominions without giving some assurance 
of attachment to our Interests. 

2nd — Those who have previous to the 
war resided in this Country and enjoyed 
with us all the blessings of tranquility 
and who in the day of danger left us 
alone to combat british oppression. 

3rd — The Third Class we wish to dis- 
tinguish are a Sett of men who having 



received the most benevolent Indulgences 
from a Convention of our Representatives 
so abused those unmerited favors as to 
render it necessary for a subsequent 
Assembly to take off those indulgences 
and by Enforcing the Statute Staple ot 
Edward III, compelled them to leave 
the Country which they proved them- 
selves inimical to. 

These different distinctions of men are 
so extremely obnoxious that we never 
can again live in harmony with them, and 
we so much dread the great and fatal 
influence that they may have over the 
inhabitants of this country that we con- 
sider it as our duty to entreat you in the 
most supplicating terms that you will not 
suffer those dangerous people ever to be 
reestablished amongst us. 

Signed on June 5, 1783. 

The Signers of the Hanover (Virginia) 
Petition were : 

James Hayes. 
George Anderson. 
Wm. Anderson jun.r. 
Chris, t Thompkins. 
James Turner. 
Isaac Dabney. Kg. Wm, 
Thos. Trevilian. 
D. Truehart. 
Edw. Garland. 
R. Brooke. 
Thomas Hitt. 
Parke Goodall. 
Geo. Clough. 
David Hall. 
John Lawrence. 
John Norvell. 
George Wiley. 
Hoiman Rice. 
Wm. Woody 
Jno Starke Sen.r. 
Littlebury Wade. 
John Pasley. 
Charles Talley. 
Joseph Talley. 
Richard Mathys 

(difficult to decipher). 
William Talley. 
Chillion White. 
Nicholas Mills jun.r. 
Jno. Alex, r Still. 
Jos. Cross jr. 

Edward Bass. 
T. T. Hawes. 
James Hill. 
David Gentry. 
Francis Mills. 
The. Dickenson. 
Wm. Armstrong. 
John White. 
Chas. Turner. 
Robert White. 
George Meredith. 
John Winn. 
J. Syme. 
H. Watkins. 
Thos. Austin. 
John Cockburne. 
Henry H. Mallory. 
Thos. Richardson. 
Wm. Radford. 
David Meredith. 
John meredith. 
Patrick Longan. 
Joseph Goodman. 
Rich d Anderson. 
Henry Timberlake. 
Reuben Turner. 
Will Thomson Jun.r. 
Wm. Hickman. 
Tho. Foster (difficult). 
Owen Dabney. 
Ambrose Lipscomb. 

Wm. O. Winston. 
Turner Richardson. 
Bowler Cocke. 
John Hicks. 
John Hill. 
Burnet Timberlake. 
O. Harris. 
Nathaniel Thomson. 
Smith Blakey. 
Christopher Cawthorn. 
Charles West. 
David Rowland, 
hasehra? Bowles 

Nathan Talley. 
John Winn. 
Wm. Ellis. 
Billey Talley. 
William Cocke. 
William Street. 
Sam Earnest. 
Wm. Henderson. 
Bartlett Talley. 
David Clarke. 
Thos. Bowles. 
John Ross. 
Solomon Passley. 
John Hendrix. 
Wm. Norvell. 
Jeremiah Glinn. 
Jas. Richardson. 
Wm. Tinsley jun.r. 
Shadrack Watts. 
John Christian. 
John Crenshaw. 
Thos. Green. 
Peter Christian. 
Robert Kimbrough 

Wm. Tompkins. 
Morris Abraham. 
Wm. Semay. 
Peter Foster. 
Fortunatus Crutchfield. 
Thos. Tinsley. 
Richard Sq Taylor. 
Benja. Temple. 
Pettus Ragland. 
Geo. Dabney. 
Math. 1 Anderson. 
John Thomson. 
Tho. Garland. 
L. Anderson. 
Gran. Smith. 
Geddes Winston. 
Jn Winston. 
Wm. Castten 

Armistead Carter. 
Rich.d Timberlake. 
Jno. Clarke. 

Jno. Jones. 
N. or M. D. Clough 

(his signature was 

a monogram). 
John Cobbs. 
John Austin. 
Wm. Harris. 
Wm. Nelson. 
Fra.s Taylor. 
Isaac Butler. 
Benja. Thomson. 
John Starke Jr. 
Nelson Barkley. 
Chas. Mason. 
Wm. Truett. 
Ballard Smith. 
John Passley. 
John Garland. 
John Anderson. 
Rich.d Timberlake. 
Wm. Brame. 
Wm. Jones. 
John Roberts. 
Samuel Butler. 
Major Winfree. 
Wm. Peatrop. 
Zach Stephens. 
Wm. Thomson. 
Wm. Sims. 
Arch, d Dick. 
Jno. Hickman. 
Nelson Anderson jun.r. 
Thomas Smith. 
S. n. M. Lear 

Claudiner Veal. 
Zack Clarke. 
Wm. Spiller. 
Bds Webb. 
Philip Tinsley. 
James Blackrodl 

Wm. Jones. 
Jn. u Catlett. 
Wm. Littlepage. 
Andrew Caslin. 
Benj. Toler. 
Edw. Cook. 
James Nelson. 
John B. Anderson. 
Thomas Mallory. 
Walter Austin. 
Littlebury Via 

Richard Austine. 
Joseph Valentine. 
John Wingfield. 
Benj. Mills. 
Wm. Barrett. 
John Priddy. 
Edmund Anderson. 



Peter Vial (difficult). 

John Wingfield. 

T. Rootes. 

William Lumpkin. 

Wm. Lawrence. 

Sam.l Cruchfield. 

D. Taylor. 

Jno. Grimes. 

George Crawford. 

Chap. Hustin. 

Ben Johnson. 

Chas. Hundly. 

Elisha Archer. 
John Timberlake. 

Charles Knight. 
John Cocke. 
Wm. Provel. 
John Boules. 
John Foster. 
John Overton jr. 
Geo. Holland. 
Peter Grantland. 
Jno. Thomson. 
Wm. Gilliam. 
John Crenshaw. 
Nathaniel Talley. 
William Duval. 
Jas. Tate. 
James Turner. 
Steph. Davis. 
G. Johnston 

Thomas Harden. 

Thomas Hanes. 

Jermiah Pate. 

Hugh Nix (difficult), 

John A. Richardson. 

A. N. Morris. 

Robert Sharpe. 

William Hanes. 

Joseph Pease. 

Isaac Burnett. 

Walter Davies. 

Wm. Hooper. 

John England. 

Benjamin Haynes. 
John hite (difficult). 

Henry Hicks. 

Stephen Pettus. 
Byrd Hendrick. 
Wm. Alexander. 
Peter Mallory. 
Wm. Harris. 
John Wingfield. 
Mathias Abbott. 
William King. 
John Carter. 
Mathew Whitlock. 
Jno. Harris. 
Foster James. 
John Ellis. 
Jno. Davis. 
John Priddy. 

Wm. Bon. 
Christopher Butler. 
Thomas Coleman. 
Thomas Wingfield 

Joseph Hicks. 
Sam.l Winston. 
John Ragland. 
Wm. M. c Quarles. 
Obediah Hooper. 
William Oglesby. 
Sam.l Sandys. 
Dabney Turner. 
Thos. Bacheler. 
Demack Hay. 
William Barlow. 
William Claybrooke. 
Sam.l McFaul. 
Reuben Davenport. 
John King. 
Pettus Ragland jun.r. 
Paul Woolfork. 
Jacob Williams. 
G. M. Davenport. 
Wm. Bacon. 
Parker Bailey. 

John Tinsley. 
Henry Cross. 
Finch Ragland. 
Jno. Walker (difficult). 
Isaac Perrin. 
Jno. Miller. 
Stephen Hanke. 
David Hanes. 
James Laurence. 
John Bow (difficult). 
Roger Gregory jr. 
John Beal. 
W. Johnson. 
John Wyatt. 
Henry Hicks. 
Wm. Hughes. 
Nathaniel Pope jr. 
John Roberts. 
Joseph Abrams. 
Joseph Valentine. 
John Priddy. 
Shelton Ragland. 
Thomas Ulland 

Thomas Wingfield. 

Note : " I certify that the above is a true copy 
of a petition in the Virginia State Library. 
H. R. Mcllwain, Librarian, Virginia State 
Library, Richmond, Va., September 28, 1921." 


To insure receiving copies of the cur- 
rent issue of the Daughters of the 
American Revolution Magazine, sub- 
scribers should send in their names 
without delay. Make all checks and 
money orders payable to the Treasurer 
General, N. S. D. A. R. 

With the ever rapidly increasing cir- 
culation of the magazine we have diffi- 
culty in filling the frequent orders for 
back numbers, and in many cases have 

been unable to supply the desired copies. 

Make your renewal promptly. It 
may be sent to the local Chapter Maga- 
zine Chairman or to the Treasurer 
General. A colored renewal slip in the 
magazine notifies you when your sub- 
scription is out. Look for it. 

The subscription price of the maga- 
zine is two dollars a year. 

Eva V. M. Bissell, 
Chairman Magazine Committee. 


By Mabel W. Randall 

RS. MABEL W. RANDALL has been adjudged the winner of the fifty-dollar 
prize offered by Mrs. Walter C. Roe, of Colony, Oklahoma, for the best essay in 
appreciation of the serf ices of the North American Indian in the World War 
and Jiis worth as an American. 

Her essay, " The Twentieth Century Indian — An American" received the highest 
number of votes of the judges. 

Mrs. Randall is Regent of the Sarah Whitman Trumbull Chapter, of 

Water town, Connecticut. 

The winning essay is printed in full herewith, and the price will be awarded to Mrs. 
Randall during the Thirty-first Continental Congress. 

(Mrs. Edward L.) Eva Gould Harris, 
National Chairman, Patriotic Education Committee. 

Our introduction to the American Indian 
dates back to the discovery of America. Tra- 
dition tells us that they were the successors 
of the Mound Builders, and were their inferiors 
in civilization. Recently it has been claimed 
that all the aboriginal inhabitants of this con- 
tinent were of one race ; and that the arts, 
sciences and architecture of the Mound Builders, 
as well as of the Indians, came from the 
superior civilization and development of Cen- 
tral America and Mexico, demonstrating what 
is termed " the northern drift of civilization." 
Previously, it was believed that the Indians 
had been driven south by savage tribes from 
the north. 

The Indian had no organized church ; no 
priest heard his confession or assumed responsi- 
bility for his soul. His belief in the Great 
Mystery had been handed down to him from 
his forefathers for many generations. Who 
knows how many? Who knows from what 
sage or savant came these teachings? They 
were firmly established as a quality in the 
life of every tribe. 

The worship of the Great Spirit was " word- 
less, silent, solitary and free from all self- 
seeking." He met his Maker heart to heart 
in the great forests ; saw His handiwork in 
their shadowy depths, in the vaulted skies, and 
flying clouds. The voices of nature, the thun- 
der, and music of the winds, to him, were 
echoes of that voice divine. 

His attitude toward peace and war, life and 
death were logical. Customs of long standing 
marked his observance of these elements of 

existence. A perfect self-control gave the 
Indian a great advantage over the exigencies 
of his time. War made him a cruel antagon- 
ist, but in that he was only human. Like the 
old Romans, he loved his native land ! He 
loved, in a literal sense, the " rocks and rills, 
the woods and templed hills," as well as his 
liberty and freedom. His symbol of " Peace 
on earth and good will toward man," was the 
smoking of the peace-pipe, and on a parallel 
with our drinking of wine and breaking of 
bread, as a ceremony. He believed that the 
prayer for peace arose in the smoke, as incense, 
to the Spirit Father. 

There were many religious festivals, among 
them the rites of baptism and communion. In 
the long-ago days when the Indian found his 
life in danger, he reverently offered a prayer 
to his Father, the Sun, asking that his life might 
be saved. If this prayer proved effectual, he 
acknowledged the blessing by performing the 
Sun Dance. This dance was not altogether 
free from bodily suffering, and was meant as 
a thank-offering or confession of faith. When 
death came to this man of unknown ancestry, 
he acknowledged the Great Presence again. 
His wish was to die in the open, that his spirit 
might pass from his body, under the open sky. 
At this supreme moment his attitude showed a 
belief in his spiritual relationship between man 
and his maker. 

Thus do we picture the early Indian. Then 
occurred the great transition. The white men 
came and took possession of the land and 
slowly, but surely, the Indian was subdued. 




He ceased to be nomadic, and became a ward 
of the white conquerors. He and his tribes- 
men no longer reigned supreme. Cruelty and 
barbarity, like dark shadows, crept into the 
picture. Year by year the power of civilization 
bore down upon him, until at the end of a 
century, a race, degenerated and degraded, 
struggled to sustain life. 

We have no authentic history of this era. 
We know that greed and whiskey proved dis- 
astrous. Reservation life did not inspire his 
once lordly spirit. Gone were his lands ! 
Misunderstood and down-trodden he was near 
the end of the trail, and there was nothing left 
but remembrance. 

But, as his own maize comes to its fruition, 
so the Indian has come into his heritage. 
Through education and help from the very 
source which seems to have most deflected the 
current of his life, he appears about to rise to 
even higher heights than before the decline of 
his power and character. 

The Indian as a race, it would seem, was 
not made to die. Though fewer in number, 
he is growing greater in individual strength. 
Schools have done, and are doing much for 
him at the present time, but perhaps nothing 
has opened our eyes to the value of the Indian 
as a citizen, so much as the declaration of war 
between the United States and Germany. 
Did the Indian respond when the call came? 
Yes ! To the number of 13,000 and more. 
From its long lethargy came forth the battle- 
lore of his fathers. The latent dignity and 
endurance of an almost forgotten generation 
suddenly leaped from the past to defend a 
land, long his by right of inheritance, and a 
flag, his by adoption. 

Bright with war paint came fourteen chiefs 
of fourteen Indian tribes. They hastened to 
Washington. From West Point, from Carlisle 
and Haskell Institute, and from many smaller 
schools came the Red-man in response to the 
call to arms. Out of 33,000 eligibles, nearly 
9000 entered the army; 2000 entered the navy; 
500 more performed other necessary war work, 
and eighty-five per cent, of these were volun- 
tary enlistments. An official report from 
Washington by Cato Sells, the Indian Com- 
missioner, says : " I regard their representation 
of 9000 in the United States camps, and in 
actual warfare, as furnishing a ratio to the 
population, unsurpassed, if equalled, by any 
other race or nation. As scouts and small 
group fighters they won greatest fame." 

In referring to a review of a brigade of 
American troops, upon their return from 
France, Mr. Sells is said to have made the fol- 
lowing statement : " In that triumphal scene 
were descendants of men who were Americans 

before ' Attila's fierce Huns ' were beaten at 
Chalons, perhaps before the Siege of Troy." 

It seems only right and fitting that the names 
of some of these descendants should be made 
known, and that an account of their bravery 
should hold a place in the history of their 
people. What story could be more thrilling 
than the record of Private Joseph -Oklahombi, 
a Choctaw of Company D, 141st Infantry? He 
received the Croix de Guerre for service de- 
scribed in Marshal Petain's citation as follows : 
" Under a violent barrage, dashed to the attack 
of an enemy position, covering about 210 yards 
through barbed-wire entanglements. He rushed 
on machine gun position, capturing 171 pris- 
oners. He stormed a strongly held position, 
containing more than fifty machine guns and a 
number of trench mortars. Turned the cap- 
tured guns on the enemy, and held the position 
for four days in spite of a constant barrage of 
large projectiles and gas shells. Crossed No- 
Man's Land many times to get infor- 
mation concerning the enemy and to assist his 
wounded comrades." 

Alfred Q. Bailey, a Cherokee of Oklahoma, 
made the supreme sacrifice. He had been with 
General Pershing in Mexico, but was a sergeant 
when killed in action in France. He was 
awarded the Distinguished Service Cross for 
entering the lines of the enemy, alone, in 
advance of his regiment, where he killed two 
German machine gunners, and captured 
the third. 

Wisconsin may well be proud to record the 
name of Walter G. Sevalia, of Brule, a cor- 
poral in Company F, 7th Engineers. He was 
cited for " extraordinary heroism " in action 
in France in November, 1918. He swam the 
Mcuse, under terrific fire, with a cable for a 
pontoon bridge, and later carried another cable 
over the Est Canal and across an open field, 
covered by enemy machine guns. He was 
wounded, but returned, bearing a message of 
great importance. 

The first American soldier to cross the Marne 
in the great battle that threw the Germans 
back for the last time was an Indian. 

Sergeant O. W. Leader, a Choctaw, must 
have been imbued with the quality of endurance 
so typical of his race. He was cited for bravery 
in battle. He fought at Cantigny, May 28, 
1918, fought at Soissons, Chateau Thierry, 
July 18, 1918; fought at St. Mihiel Salient, 
September 12, 1918 ; fought at Argonne 
Forest, October 1, 1918. He was wounded 
twice and gassed twice. Besides having this 
fine military record, Sergeant Leader was 
selected by the French Government as the 
model original American soldier of whom a 
portrait should be painted, to hang upon the 
walls of the French Federal Building, where 



types of all the Allied races will be exhibited. 
The Keshena Indian School in Wisconsin 
claims John Peters, a young Menominee, who 
served with the First Engineers. He, too, 
paid the great tribute, but how gloriously for 
his people, for of him it is said, " He was among 
the first to enlist, the first to embark and the 
first to die." 

Colonel Henry Smither, a man of prestige 
and ability in the art of military tactics, is an 
Indian. He is a graduate of West Point, and 
served with the General Staff in France 
throughout the World War. 

Lieutenant Cameron Brant was the first 
Indian killed with the Canadian forces. He 
was a direct descendant of Joseph Brant, the 
Indian, whose military ingenuity so greatly 
aided the British during the War of 
the Revolution. 

Pershing's gallant Indian Scouts taught the 
world what real camouflage meant. 

The United States Marine Corps, that most 
ancient and honorable branch of the service 
which existed even before the Navy Depart- 
ment was organized, saw some of the most 
desperate fighting of the war. In this branch 
were Joseph E. Oldfield, a grandson of the 
Sioux Chief, Red Cloud, and Private Pete 
Garlow, Carlisle's gridiron hero. Joseph Cloud, 
a Sioux, was a machine gunner of the 121st 
Machine Gun Battalion. He fought with the 
Mad Marines in saving Paris, and went " over 
the top " twice. After one of the hottest and 
bloodiest battles, he is said to have remarked, 
" I did all I could for my country ; I am proud 
that I did, and I would do it all over again, 
too. My nation gave liberally to the Army. 
The men wanted to go ; the women ordered us 
to go. No good Indian would run away from a 
fight. We knew the life of America depended 
on its men, and we are Americans." 

The La Fayette Escadrille counted Floberth 
W. Richester as its first Indian aviator. Others 
joined the air service, among them Two Guns 
White Calf, whose father presented Glacier 
National Park to the United States. 

The Hog Island Ship Yards employed over 
half a hundred Indians. Munition plants, 
motor plants and factories found them skillful 
workers, and capable, respectable citizens. 

One might go on and on with true records 
of adventure and sacrifice, scattered here and 
there through every branch of the service. The 
absence of Indian regiments like those com- 
posed of Filipinos and negroes often draws an 
exclamation of wonder, but no word of com- 
plaint comes from the Indian, because of unoffi- 
cial recognition. When he enters the United 
States service, he does so on exactly the same 
basis as any white citizen of the country, and 
except that he is usually the most popular man 

in his company, becomes indistinguishable from 
his comrades. Pershing's Scouts, and one 
company of the 142nd Infantry were com- 
posed entirely of Indians, but without 
official designation. 

The business and domestic life of the Indian 
as a people has its optimistic side. Many 
hereditary traits of character crop out, indi- 
cating an ability to carry on profitable and 
useful occupations. The Indian girl is an ideal 
nurse, with her soft voice, precise obedience 
to orders, quiet movements, and unemotional 
exterior. Her steadiness in the presence of 
pain and death win courage and admiration. 

It is remarkable that the Indian has accom- 
plished so much in the world of business, 
considering the meagre education and commer- 
cial training which he has had. One of our 
former Indian Commissioners gives the follow- 
ing facts : " I know of a full-blooded Indian on 
the edge of the Rocky Mountains who culti- 
vated his farm with his own hands, lived in 
a house as well built and as sensibly furnished 
as any of his neighbors ; sent his children to 
school and taught them to work afterward ; 
kept a bank account and scrawled his name on 
his own checks. Yet he could not write any- 
thing except that name, or read anything 
except figures, or speak a word of English. 
His white acquaintances respected him. I 
know of another on the Pacific Slope who 
began life as a bound boy, does not know one 
letter from another, yet counts his fortune in 
five figures, and made it all as a cattle dealer 
and freight contractor." 

In so far as education and other great 
advantages are concerned, the Indian is far 
behind his white brother, but economically he 
is nearly his equal. As a people they hold 
some 60,000,000 acres of land, which if brought 
together would make a tract of land more 
than twice as large as the State of New York. 
It is safe to say that the land is worth 
$363,000,000. This land has a timber growth 
worth at least $71,000,000, and the annual in- 
come from the forests is nearly $2,000,000. 
The Indians are rated altogether at about 
$7,000,000,000. They raise about $11,000,000 
worth of crops, and sell about $5,000,000 worth 
of live stock annually. As landlords they raise 
about $5,000,000 a year. 

Some of the Indians, both as tribes and 
individuals, are much better off than others, 
many are among the most favored of fortune, 
while others, probably the majority, are poor 
and uneducated. 

From various reports we find that 56.000 
are self-supporting, out of a population of over 
350,000, and that thousands have broken away 
from all tribal relations and are living among 
the white population making their way accord- 



ing to that standard. As sheep men, lumber- 
men, trappers, hunters and farmers, the Indian 
is successful. Many are becoming good 
mechanics and engineers, the more progressive 
are taking up the arts and sciences ; where the 
ancestor shaped the spear and ground the 
arrow, the scion carves furniture or engraves 
our jewelry. 

There are over 61,000 Indian children in the 
schools, out of 84,000 eligibles ; 120,000 Indians 
speak English, and 113,000 are religious church- 
going people; 79,000 are citizens; 119,000 wear 
citizens' clothing, and over 28,000 are voters. 

So prosperous and so patriotic were these few 
of the great Indian population, that they in- 
vested over $25,000,000 in Liberty Loan bonds, 
or about $75.00 per capita, and about $1,000,000 
in War Saving Stamps. 

The great war has made us co-discoverers 
with Columbus ; it has helped us to rediscover 
the Indian — his individuality, his bravery, his 
worth as a citizen. Let us put forth the right 
hand of fellowship and welcome him as he 
deserves, as a citizen of the twentieth century — 
a real American. 


By Jennie McCarty Kirk 
Historian of Tioga Point Chapter, D.xAR. 

With the death November 24, 1921, of Mrs. 
Anna Hyatt Stewart, formerly of Waverly, 
N. Y., Tioga Point Chapter, Daughters of the 
American Revolution, lost a Real Daughter. 

Mrs. Stewart was born in the town of 
Barton, Tioga County, N. Y. She was the 
oldest child of John and Rachel Ralph Hyatt. 
Nearly her whole life was spent in Tioga 
County. Mrs. Stewart's grandfather, John 
Hyatt, took part in the beginning of the 
Revolutionary War. His wife died soon after, 
leaving two children, a boy — John, a girl — 
Deborah, who went to live with her grand- 

father. He took the boy, a lad of thirteen, 
with him into the army. This lad was Mrs. 
Stewart's father. He served at the Battle of 
Bunker Hill as a drummer boy. As soon as 
he was old enough to fight, he enlisted as a 
private and did not leave the service until the 
close of the War. He served under Colonel 
Spaulding; who was one of the three men that 
captured Major Andre, and whose names will 
never be forgotten. Mrs. Stewart is survived 
by a son, John Stewart, of Barker PL, Waverly, 
N. Y., and a daughter, Mrs. Belle Hannes, of 
Rochester, N. Y., at whose home she died. 


MONG the recent acquisitions to the 
Museum of Memorial Continental 
Hall is the gift from the Dolly Mad- 
ison Chapter, Washington, D. C, of 
five pieces of silver, comprising a 
tea-pot, sugar bowl, tray, tongs, and 
tea-strainer. The tea-pot and tray 
were presented to Margaret Marshall as a wed- 
ding gift by Dolly Payne, afterward the wife of 
James Madison, president of the United States. 
Miss Marshall, daughter of the Revolutionary 
hero, Benjamin Marshall, married Hugh 
Morrison and Dolly Payne was one of her brides- 
maids. The tea-pot and tray are said to have 
been made from silver shoe buckles, sword 
trappings and buttons 

taken from the 
officers captured 
the Revolution. 

Mrs. W. F. Simes, 
great granddaughter of 
Margaret Marshall Mor- 
rison, directed her daugh- 
ter, Mrs. Jennie L. 
Wyndham, to send these 
heirlooms to the Dolly 
Madison Chapter from 
whom the museum re- 
ceived them. 

The development of 
the Museum in Memorial 
Continental Hall has pro- 
g r e s s e d steadily and 
today numbers 1167 his- 
torical relics on exhibi- 
tion in its cases. The 
history of the museum dates from the second 
Board meeting on October 18, 1890, when the 
following resolution by Mrs. Mary S. Lock- 
wood was passed : 

" That * * * the next effort shall be to provide 
a place for the collection of historical relics * * * 
which may come to the Society. * * * This may 
first be in rooms, and later in the erection of a 
fire-proof building." 

A " Revolutionary Relics' Committee " was 
appointed to take charge of all gifts and 
donations. This committee continued its cap- 
able work until April, 1914, when the 23rd 
Continental Congress created the office of Cura- 
tor General. The first to hold this office was 
Miss Catherine B. Barlow who, elected in April, 

1915, served two consecutive terms. Her suc- 
cessor in office was Mrs. George W. White, the 
present Curator General. 

Among the thousand and more valuable his- 
torical articles in the museum, which corresponds 
in size to the Library in Memorial Continental 
Hall, are Houdon's bust of Washington and two 
Sevres vases, the gift of the French Republic 
to the National Society, Daughters of the 
American Revolution in grateful recognition of 
its war work; the pen used by Hon. Charles E. 
Hughes, Secretary of the State, in signing the 
treaties at the close of the Conference on the 
Limitation of Armament; a silver cup which 
belonged to General George Washington and 



which the general gave to Andrew Ellicott in 
recognition of his work as civil engineer in lay- 
ing out the City of Washington ; a tea set of 
Queen Anne silver lustre; an original certificate 
of the Society of the Cincinnati, dated 1784 and 
signed by General Henry Knox, secretary ; and 
a collection of American coins. 

The rules of the Museum do not permit loans 
of historic articles. They must be gifts out- 
right to the National Society and cover the 
Revolutionary period only, from 1770 to 1800. 
Heirlooms of that date which are accepted can 
be manuscripts, miniatures, silk, bead bags, fans, 
laces, jewelry, silver, pewter, china, bronze, sil- 
ver lustre, glass, mantel ornaments, samplers, fire- 
place furnishings, knee buckles, and snuff boxes. 



The third State Conference of the New 
Mexico Daughters of the American Revolution 
met on Friday, October 28, 1921, in the M. E. 
Church, south of Roswell, with the Roswell 
Chapter as hostess. 

Mrs. H. H. Jackman, of Roswell, opened 
the morning program with a pipe organ selec- 
tion, during which the pages escorted the State 
Officers to the platform. The State Regent, 
Mrs. J. F. Hinkle, called the Conference to 
order, and the Rev. S. E. Allison gave an 
appropriate Scripture reading and the Invo- 
cation. The singing of the " Star Spangled 
Banner," " America," and more especially the 
" Salute to the Flag," led by Mrs. Mary 
Cooney, of Roswell, the State Chairman on the 
Correct Use of the Flag, contributed much to 
the D. A. R. spirit that was evidenced during 
the transaction of the business which followed. 

The address of welcome from the Roswell 
Chapter was given by Mrs. Violet Stevens and 
the response was made by Mrs. F. C. Wilson, 
Regent of the Stephen Watts Kearney Chapter 
of Sante Fe. 

Mrs. J. F. Hinkle gave an inspiring address 
followed by the announcement of her commit- 
tees. A message from our President General, 
Mrs. George Maynard Minor, was read by 
the Corresponding Secretary, Mrs. Helen Keith, 
of Roswell. A report of the tender of Ft. 
Marcy to the New Mexico Historical Society 
in Sante Fe, by the Hon. and Mrs. L. Bradford 
Prince, was read by the Secretary. It will be 
remembered by many that Mrs. Prince organ- 
ized the first Chapter in the Southwest and 
that the establishment of many of the western 
chapters is due to her interest in and loyalty 
to the Daughters of the American Revolution. 
At 12.30 a luncheon was served in the basement 
of the Church. 

The afternoon session opened by all repeating 
the American's Creed, after which the reports of 
the State Officers were received. Our Historian, 
Mrs. Ella C. Welltmer, of Sante Fe, presented 
twenty-four Military War Service Records, all 
properly compiled for filing, with the Historian 
General. Mrs. Earl P. Denburgh, of Roswell, 
gave two delightful vocal numbers. The reports 
of the State Chairmen and the Chapter Regents 
were heard with great interest ; the three chap- 

ters represented reported one hundred per cent, 
support to the three big objects of the 
National Society. 

Mrs. S. M. Ashenfelter, of Silver City, 
Past State Regent, was endorsed as a candidate 
for Vice President General. 

The following officers were elected : Mrs. 
R. P. Barnes, of Albuquerque, State Regent; 
Mrs. F. C. Wilson, of Sante Fe, Vice Regent ; 
Mrs. Theodore Sutherland, of Roswell, Record- 
ing Secretary; Mrs. B. H. Porter, of Albu- 
querque, Corresponding Secretary; Mrs. J. C. 
Weaver, of Roswell, Treasurer; Mrs. Reed 
Holloman, of Santa Fe, Registrar; Mrs. L. B. 
Morrell, of Silver City, Historian; Mrs. Alvin 
White, of Silver City, Librarian. 
(Mrs. Reed) M. A. Bassett Holloman, 

Recording Secretary. 


The New York State Conference, Daughters 
of the American Revolution, was for the fifth 
time the guests of the Irondequoit Chapter in 
Rochester on October 19-21, 1921. Several 
changes were introduced in the order of proce- 
dure. Wednesday morning a Council of Chap- 
ter Regents was held in the Irondequoit 
Chapter House at 9 o'clock with Mrs. Charles 
White Nash, State Regent, presiding, the 
object being to secure expressions from the 
various Regents on programs of work and 
other matters. The suggestions made were 
later laid before the State Board of Manage- 
ment which met at 11 o'clock. The Chairman 
of State Committees held their meeting in the 
ball room of Powers' Hotel at 10 o'clock. 
Following the morning conferences an informal 
luncheon was served at the hotel. 

The bugle call, given by Mrs. Wheeler, 
announced the opening of the Conference at 
3 o'clock, when the State and National Officers, 
with distinguished guests, entered, escorted by 
thirty pages. The personal page of the State 
Regent was Mrs. Prescott Lunt, one of the 
young matrons of Rochester Chapter. When 
Mrs. Charles White Nash, State Regent, with 
the fall of the gavel, declared the Twenty- 
sixth New York State Conference open, the 
first quarter century of state achievement had 
passed into history. 

The invocation by Mrs. Silas W. Sherwood, 
State Chaplain, was followed by singing of the 



Star Spangled Banner ; salute to the Flag, and 
the American's Creed ; the opening exercises 
concluded with Miss Sanford's Apostrophe to 
the Flag, recited by Mrs. H. F. Burton. 

Mrs. William B. Hale, Regent of Ironde- 
quoit Chapter, gave a cordial address of 
welcome. On behalf of Mayor Edgerton, Mr. 
Edward R. Foreman, city historian, welcomed 
the delegates to Rochester. Mrs. Nash 
responded, her fine address being an earnest 
appeal for thoughtful consideration of present- 
day problems. At its close, the distinguished 
guests were introduced, Mrs. Charles S. 
Whitman, of New York, Vice President 
General, representing the National Society, Mrs. 
William Cumming Story, of New York, 
Honorary President General, and Mrs. Joseph 
S. Wood, of Mount Vernon, a former Vice 
President General. Mrs. Nash read the greet- 
ings ; Mrs. John H. Stewart. State Regent of 
Vermont ; Mrs. Franklin C. Cain, State Regent 
of South Carolina ; Mrs. Henry D. Fitts, State 
Regent of New Jersey; Mrs. Franklin P. 
Shumway, State Regent of Massachusetts ; 
Mrs. Everest G. Sewell, State Regent of 
Florida ; Mrs. Edwin Earl Sparks, State 
Regent of Pennsylvania ; Miss Alice Louise 
McDuffee, State Regent of Michigan ; Mrs. 
John Laidlaw Buel, State Regent of Connecti- 
cut, and the President General, Mrs. George 
Maynard Minor. 

At the Wednesday evening meeting which 
was given to the celebration of the twenty- 
fifth anniversary, the State and National officers 
and these former State Regents as honor 
guests, Mesdames Story, Wood, Benjamin F. 
Spraker, and Miss Stella F. Broadhead 
entered, escorted by the pages, and the audience 
sang the " Song to the Empire State." Mrs. 
Nash presided. An interesting feature of the 
opening session was the reading of " An Ameri- 
can Hymn," by Mrs. Edith Willis Linn Forbes, 
with an original musical interpretation by Mrs. 
Leon D. Lewis. The hymn was written in 
1904 by our second N. Y. State Regent, Miss 
Mary Isabella Forsyth. The former State 
Regents present gave greetings and reminis- 
cences of their terms of office. The State 
Regent then read greetings from Mrs. Albert 
Nelson Lewis, Mrs. Samuel Verplanck, Mrs. 
Henry R. Roberts, and Mrs. William Little, 
former State Regents ; Mrs. Mary E. Lock- 
wood, Honorary Chaplain General, organizing 
founder ; Miss Grace Pierce, former State and 
National officer, and Miss Mary V. B. 
Vanderpool, founder and twenty-five years 
Regent of Mary Washington Colonial Chapter. 

The paper of the evening was a history of 
the twenty-five State Conferences, prepared by 
Airs. Nellie Lohnas Hayden, Past Regent of 
Saratoga Chapter, of which the State Historian 

is a member. Mrs. F. H. Calhoun, former 
State Regent, and Vice President General from 
South Carolina, spoke of the Tomassee D.A.R. 
School in South Carolina, and the N. Y. State 
building to be erected there as the twenty-fifth 
anniversary endeavor of N. Y. State Con- 
ference. Mrs. Calhoun's address was so 
eloquent and appealing that at its close over 
three hundred dollars was subscribed to place 
water in its buildings. 

Thursday morning, meeting opened by Mrs. 
Nash, when reports of state officers were given. 
Mrs. Nash's annual report was of special inter- 
est, showing the growth and activities of over 
one hundred and forty-three chapters, from 
each one of which fine reports had come. The 
total membership in the state being 14,157, 
which represents one-eighth of the National 
Society, having made decided gains during the 
year. Thursday afternoon reports of the many 
state committees were given by their chairman, 
not only indicating the scope and breadth of 
their different endeavors, but offering plans 
for future work. Mrs. J. P. Mosher, State 
Director of the C.A.R., called attention to the 
importance of establishing branches of the 
junior societies throughout the State. 

Mrs. John Francis Yawger, Recording 
Secretary General, arrived during the day, 
and at this time gave an interesting description 
of the laying of the cornerstone of the D.A.R. 
Administration Building on October 19, 1921. 
Mrs. Yawger spoke of the increasing interest 
shown in the Society since the World War. 
Thursday evening the reception to the State 
and National officers, distinguished guests, 
and members of the S.A.R. was a most 
pleasing occasion. 

Friday morning, Mrs. Nash called the meet- 
ing to order at 9.30. The election of three 
State Directors was announced — Mrs. Daniel 
Wilber, of Poughkeepsie ; Mrs. Radcliffe B. 
Lockwood, of Binghamton, and Mrs. James E. 
Pope, of New York. Mrs. William B. Hale, 
E-egent of Rochester Chapter, was appointed 
a member of the N. Y. State building commit- 
tee at Tomassee, of which Mrs. R. H. Gibbs, 
of Schenectady, is chairman, and Mrs. C. C. 
Court, Mrs. Silas W. Sherwood, and Mrs. 
Joseph S. Wood are members. By invitation 
of Airs. Wilber, Regent of Mahwenawasigh 
Chapter, the 1922 Conference will meet in 
Poughkeepsie. The singing of " God Be with 
You Till We Aleet Again " closed one of the 
most interesting, enthusiastic and largest State 
meetings ever held. 

The social features were not forgotten. On 
Tuesday the Iroquois Society, C.A.R., gave a 
luncheon at the Irondequoit Chapter House, to 
State officer and Presidents of the Society, 
preceding their convention which opened in the 



Powers' Hotel, Tuesday afternoon, continuing 
through the evening. The Iroquois Society 
entertained the Convention in the evening. 
Wednesday the State luncheon of the Daughters 
at the hotel. Thursday, Mrs. Nash entertained 
the State Board of Management at luncheon in 
the Chapter House. Friday, Mrs. C. S. Lunt 
entertained at luncheon at the New Century 
Club in honor of her guest, Mrs. Nash. A tea 
at the Chapter House Friday afternoon, given 
by the Irondequoit Chapter, brought to a close 
the social program. 
(Mrs. Frederick) Florence S. B. Menges, 

State Historian. 


The twenty-fifth annual State Conference 
of the South Carolina Daughters of the Ameri- 
can Revolution was held in Charleston on 
November 16 and 17, 1921. The sessions, with 
the exception of that of the first evening, were 
held in the famous " Old Exchange Building," 
now the property of Rebecca Motte Chapter, 
the Conference hostess chapter. 

This historic old edifice was erected before 
the Revolution, of material brought over from 
England, and first used as an Exchange and 
Custom House. In 1774 the famous cargo of 
taxed tea was stored there and taken therefrom 
to be emptied in the Cooper River. In 1774 
assembled also the first Provincial Congress 
and set up the first independent Government 
in the United States. During the Revolution 
many prominent citizens were imprisoned in 
the cellar and from thence the martyr, Isaac 
Hayne, was led forth to execution. In 1791 
George Washington was entertained there, and 
for many years the building belonged to the 
Federal Government, being used as a custom 
house, postoffice and light house office. In 
1913, by Act of Congress, it became the prop- 
erty of Rebecca Motte Chapter, was loaned by 
them to the government during the World 
War, and is now used as a Chapter House. 

Here, on the morning of November 16th, the 
State Conference was most auspiciously 
opened. Hearty addresses of welcome were 
delivered by Mrs. Marie Gary Eason, Regent, in 
behalf of Rebecca Motte Chapter, and by Miss 
Louisa Poppenheim, in behalf of the city of 
Charleston. A happy response was given by 
Mrs. von Tresckow, of Camden. Greetings 
from the New York D.A.R. were brought by 
Mrs. Charles White Nash, their charming State 
Regent, who was an honored guest at the Con- 
ference. The Presidents of the South Carolina 
United Daughters of the Confederacy, of the 
State Federation of Women's Clubs, of the 
Colonial Dames and of the Daughters of 1812 
were also present and brought greetings from 
their respective organizations. 

The report of the State Regent, Mrs. 
Franklin C. Cain, was enthusiastically received. 
The South Carolina Daughters are progressing 
in all lines of work carried on by the National 
Society but proudest of all is South Carolina 
of her " child," the Tomassee school for 
mountain girls, situated in the heart of the 
hills and founded and supported by the South 
Carolina chapters. 

A year ago the first fifty thousand-dollar 
endowment fund was subscribed and when 
these pledges are paid, another endowment will 
he launched. Other states are now taking an 
interest and helping the school, and it was 
a most happy occasion when Mrs. Nash, in 
behalf of the New York Daughters, presented 
Tomassee with the New York State Building. 

On Wednesday evening, also, Mrs. F. H. H. 
Calhoun, who has been Tomassee s most ardent 
promoter from its infancy, delivered an illus- 
trated lecture on the place, the people and the 
school. Early in the fall Mrs. Calhoun deliv- 
ered this same lecture at the New York State 
Conference. On seeing a picture of the school 
girls carrying buckets of water from a 
mountain spring to the school half a mile up 
the hill, the New York Daughters immediately 
raised a fund to supply other means of getting 
the water to the buildings than " toting " it. 

Besides this mountain school, there is, in the 
" Piney Woods" Section of the South Carolina 
Coast country, a little school, conducted under 
the management of the Georgetown Chapter. 
This school was offered to the State Con- 
ference and the taking over of it is now 
under consideration. 

New officers elected were Third Vice Regent, 
Mrs. Paul Earle, of Anderson; Recording 
Secretary, Miss Minnie Clyburn, of Camden ; 
Assistant Historian, Mrs. F. A. Des Portes, of 
Winnsboro ; and Auditor, Mrs. Hayne Rice, 
of Aiken. 

With the exception of a tea given by the 
wide-awake City Federation of Women's Clubs 
and a visit to the fleet of destroyers then in 
Charleston harbor, the social affairs were 
associated with Charleston's glorious past. 

An interesting relic shown to the Visiting 
Daughters was the crimson flag carried by 
Col. William Washington at the Battle of 
Eutaw, and now the cherished property of the 
" Washington Light Infantry." The famous 
old " Pringle House," owned during the 
Revolution by Miles Brewton, was hospitably 
opened to visitors by its present owners and 
many took advantage of the opportunity to visit 
this magnificent old mansion, rich in historic 
furnishings and relics. The tea given by the 
Colonial Dames was held in the Old Powder 
Magazine, which as far back as 1715 was known 
as the Old Powder Magaine. Among the inter- 



esting relics here shown was a handsome dress 
which once belonged to Eliza Lucas, who intro- 
duced the culture of indigo into the colony of 
South Carolina. 

An afternoon reception was tendered by the 
Charleston Chapter, U.D.C., at their chapter 
rooms, and here too are displayed relics, those 
of the South's " Lost Cause." The final recep- 
tion was given by the Hostess Chapter and 
was the first social affair held within the 
" Old Exchange " since President George 
Washington's ball in 1791. And no doubt there 
were present many descendants of the ladies 
and gentlemen, who more than a century and 
a quarter ago, gathered to dance the stately 
minuet and honor the Father of His Country. 
Marion Lalley, 



The twenty-fifth annual State conference of 
the Daughters of the American Revolution of 
Wisconsin, which convened at the invitation of 
Oshkosh Chapter, in the Twentieth Century 
Club, in Oshkosh, October 1 to 12, 1921, was 
made memorable not only as the Silver Anni- 
versary of the Wisconsin Society, but also by 
the presence of our distinguished President 
General, Mrs. George Maynard Minor. The 
bugle call was sounded by Howard Hall of the 
Boy Scouts and the State officers led by Mrs. 
R. B. Hartman, State Regent, and Mrs. Minor 
took their places on the platform and the State 
Regent called the meeting to order. The cor- 
dial welcome by Mrs. E. M. Crane, Regent of 
Oshkosh Chapter, was responded to by Mrs. 
C. F. Eckels, of Port Washington. 

Greetings were read from State Regents of 
Illinois, North Carolina, Florida, Connecticut, 
Pennsylvania, and Mrs. James Morris, Vice 
President General of Minnesota. Mrs. E. H. 
Van Ostrand, Honorary State Regent, gave a 
short greeting. A touching memorial to our 
dearly loved and deeply mourned Vice Presi- 
dent General, Mrs. Julia C. Hume, was read by 
Mrs. Edward Ferguson. 

The President General gave an inspiring talk 
and read an interesting account of her visit 
to the battlefields of France, and the presenta- 
tion of the waterworks to the village of Tilloloy. 

The State Regent reported 2378 members, an 
increase of 162 during the year. The reports 
of Chapter Regents showed large contributions 
to mountain schools, beside two scholarships 
of $100 each to Tomassee School; medals for 
study in American History, and much active 
work in marking historic spots and investigating 
old trails. Inspired by the President General's 
account of the helpful work of the " Manual for 
Immigrants," a silver offering of over $100 was 
made toward the Manual fund. 

The Conference voted to furnish a committee 
room in the new Administration Building, to be 
known as Wisconsin Room, and also to con- 
tribute money toward the purchase of the 
prehistoric village of Aztlan, Wis. 

The following State officers were elected : 
Regent, Mrs. George Parker ; Vice Regent, 
Mrs. Isaac P. Witter ; Recording Secretary, 
Mrs. Chas. D. Weeks ; Corresponding Secretary, 
Mrs. John M. Whitehead; Treasurer, Mrs. 
Norman T. Gill ; Historian, Mrs. Geo. 
Dexheimer ; Consulting Registrar, Mrs. Frank 
C. Buckley; Librarian, Mrs. H. C. Lawton. 

Greetings were sent to our Real Daughters, 
Mrs. Louisa K. Thiers and Mrs. Elizabeth 
Butler, and to Mrs. Ada F. Kimberly, Honorary 
State Regent. The Credentials Committee re- 
ported 156 in attendance. 

The social features included the luncheons 
and dinners, which the Conference enjoyed as 
guests of Oshkosh Chapter, a lecture on the 
" Village of Aztalan," by Dr. S. A. Barrett, 
an auto ride about the city, a concert in the 
First Congregational Church, and a reception 
at the home of Mrs. E. M. Crane, Regent of 
Oshkosh Chapter, at which, the guest of honor 
was the President General, whose cordiality 
and winning personality won her the loyal sup- 
port and lasting friendship of every Daughter. 
(Mrs. A. C.) Helen Stanton Umbreit, 

State Corresponding Secretary. 

Department of the 

Historical Program 

Conducted by 

VIII. Women in Industry 

1. General. — A general idea of woman's 
position in industry may be gained from the 
articles in the standard encyclopedias, especially 
the International (Woman's work and Women 
in industry) and Americana (Women in the 
industries and professions). Bliss' New Cyclo- 
pedia of Social Reform has an article on 
Woman's Economic Position in the United 
States. Carrol D. Wright's Industrial Evolution 
of the United States devotes a chapter (xvi) to 
this topic, as does Adams and Sumner's Labor 
Problems (ch. ii), and a more general discussion 
may be found in the earlier edition of J. A. 
Hobson's Evolution of Modem Capitalism, ch. 
xii. Two general works are Helen Campbell's 
Women Wage Earners (chapters ii, iii, iv are 
historical) and Edith Abbott's Women in In- 
dustry. From a somewhat different standpoint 
is Earl Barnes' Woman in Modem Society, ch. 
vi. Edna D. Bullock's Employment of JVomen 
in the Debater's Handbook series reprint artic- 
les from many sources with a good bibliography. 

2. Household Industry and the Transition. 
— The position of women in colonial indus- 
try has been indicated by references in previous 
numbers. Abbott's Women in Industry, ch.ii and 
iii, covers this period, and so do the general 
works already mentioned. It should be noted 
that the transition came naturally, as lines of 
work formerly done in the home were taken 
over by the factories ; and in many quarters 
was looked on with favor. 

3. The First Factories. — For the first fac- 
tory conditions, as shown at their best in the 
Lowell mills, see Abbott's Women in Industry, 
ch. vii, Harriet H. Robinson's Loom and Spindle 
gives a more detailed account, with extracts 
from the Lozvell Offering, the publication of the 
Lowell mill girls, which Dickens said (American 
Notes) would " compare advantageously with 
a great many English Annuals." 

4. Occupations. — The list generally assigned 
to Miss Martineau of the seven occupations 
which alone were open to women in the early 
nineteenth century — teaching, needlework, keep- 
ing boarders, the cottonmills, bookbinding, 
typesetting, and domestic service — is not quite 
correct (Abbott, W omen in Industry, p. 65) 


but serves to illustrate the early restrictions upon 
women's work. Compare with this the list of 
295 trades in which women are engaged quoted 
by Miss Abbott (Appendix E) from the United 
States Census of 1900. As to how far women 
really replaced men, compare the statements in 
Wright's Industrial Evolution with Bliss' Cy- 
clopedia, p. 1291, and the article on Occupations; 
the point seems somewhat uncertain. Many 
popular works written from the side of voca- 
tional guidance, of which E. W. Weaver's 
Profitable Vocations for Girls, and Mary A. 
Laselle's Vocations for Girls are types, discuss 
the advantages and disadvantages of individ- 
ual occupations. 

5. Wages. — The general works already cited 
touch this topic incidentally. Abbott's JVomen 
in Industry has a chapter (xii) and Bliss' Cy- 
clopedia an article on Women's Wages. Other 
facts may be obtained from Nearing's Wages 
in the United States, by using the Index. The 
discussions on the minimum wage — foreshadowed 
by Mathew Carey as far back as 1828 — deal 
largely with woman labor. See the Interna- 
tional Encyclopedia article Minimum Wage and 
vol. 23, p. 691-693 (in article Woman's Work). 
Several States (e. g., Massachusetts) have min- 
imum wage commissions whose publications may 
be used. 

6. Trade Unions. — On the status of women 
in trade unions there is an article by Florence 
Kelly in the Outlook, v. 84, p. 926-931 (1906) 
and the article in Bliss' Cyclopedia may be used. 
For discussion from the trade union side see 
John Mitchell's Organized Labor, ch. xvi, and 
F. J. Carlton's History and Problems of Or- 
ganized Labor, ch. xiv. A special work on the 
subject is Alice Henry's The Trade 
Union Woman. 

7. Domestic Service. — On this subject Lucy 
M. Salmon's Domestic Service, ch. iv, discusses 
American conditions ; and Lillian Pettingill's 
Toilers of the Home gives some interest 
ing pictures. 

8. Women in Business. — Many individual 
biographies of business women are given in Mrs. 
Logan's Part taken by Women in American 
History, p. 893-907, and Farmer's What Amer- 
ica owes to Women, p. 381-453. 


9 |$age in 

Conducted by 
Edith Roberts Ramsburgh 

Drawings by 
Zoe Lee H. Anderson 



The house of Monnet took its name from a 
town situated in Bailiwick of Poligny, near 
the River Ain. 

The family of Ancient Poitou, France, had 
its origin in the Maison de Monet de la Marck, 
which had its beginning as the " Seigneurs and 
Barons of Saint-Martin, of Sombrun, of Pon- 
tiac, etc. This family has always occupied a 
distinguished place in the order of nobility of 
the Province of Beam (France) and possessed 
a number of Fiefs and Seigheuries, which 
placed it among the Barons of the Province. 

In 1572, Pierre Monnet, a member of the 
family being a partisan of the King of Navarre, 
was massacred in Paris on St. Bartholomew's 
Day, August 24, 1572, and he was the ancestor 
of all the Protestant Monnets of the Huguenot 
Province. It was to either him or his son, 
that the Coat-of-Arms was granted in 1570. 

His great-great-grandson Pierre Monnet, 
Huguenot refugee, born 1640 died in London 
1715, married Catharine Pillot, a granddaugh- 
ter of Nicholas Pillot of ancient Poitou. These 
Monnets left the town of Poitou and took re- 
fuge in the fortress at La Rochelle, soon after 
the Revocation of the Edict of Nantes in 1685, 
from whence they embarked, with their sons, 
for London, where they were naturalized 
in 1688. 

These sons later came to America, Isaac, 
settling in Calvert County Maryland about 
1700, married Elizabeth, daughter of William 
and Sarah Williams. 

Robert, another son settled in Cecil County, 
Maryland and married Margaret Darrell. 

Pierre, still another son, settled on Staten 
Island, joining the Huguenot Colony there sev- 
eral years before 1712, as he died about that time. 


Hastings is a name older than the Norman 
Conquest, 1066, for the Castle of Hastings was 
held by that family when William the Con- 
queror landed, and the land in the region on 
which the Battle of Hastings was fought, was 
in the possession of the family before 871. 

The first of the family to be elevated to the 
peerage, was Lord Henry Hastings, son of 
William de Hastings, Steward of Henry 2nd 
1154-1189. This office of Steward being he- 
reditary in the family. 

The Hastings, through marriage, became allied 
with the Royal families of England, Scotland 
and France, tracing, in direct lines to Charles 
Martel, Duke of Antrim, A. D. 732, the grand- 
father of Charlemagne. They also trace directly 
to Alfred the Great, William the Conqueror, 
St. David, King of Scotland, Henry 1st, King 
of France and his wife Anne of Russia. 

George, the 3rd Lord Hastings, was created 
Earl of Huntly, 1529 and married the daughter 
of David, King of Scotland. 

The American Hastings family trace their 
lineage back through the English branches to 
the Danish origin. Sir Henry & George Hast- 
ings grandsons of the first Earl of Huntington, 
became Puritans and fled to New England. In 
1634 Thomas Hastings and his wife came to 
this country and in 1638 John followed with his 
family. They were probably cousins. Joshua, 
the head of this branch of the family, came 
from Swerford Co., England a member of that 
distinguished family at whose head was the 
Marquis of Hastings. 

One of Joshua's descendants married into 
the old Stackhouse family which traces its 
origin further back than the Doomsday Book. 




To Contributors — Please observe carefully the following rules: 

i. Names and dates must be clearly written or typewritten. Do not use pencil. 

a. All queries must be short and to the point. 

3. All queries and answers must be signed and sender's address given. 

4. In answering queries give date of magazine and number and signature of query. 

5. Only answers containing proof are requested. Unverified family traditions will not be 

All fetters to be forwarded to contributors must be unsealed and sent in blank, stamped 
envelopes accompanied by the number of the query and its signature. The right is reserved 
to print information contained in the communication to be forwarded. 



Memorial Continental Hall, Washington, D. C. 


6073. Smith-Layne. — Lydia Lane was the 
dau of James & Lydia Hardage Lane who were 
m abt 1734. James Lane made a will dated 
1790, Loudoun Co., Va. He was the s of Wm. 
Lane of Westmoreland Co., Va. who m Mar- 
tha, dau of Wm. Carr. James & Lydia 
Hardage Lane had 7 or 8 ch. Lydia b 1751 m 
Temple Smith b April 6, 1745, s of Nathaniel 
& Elizabeth Smith. Temple Smith had twin 
brothers, Withers & George Smith b 1740. 
Would like to correspond with you. The above 
data is taken from " Seldens of Virginia & 
Allied Families." — Mrs. Chas. S. Passmorc, 7\7 
W. Granite St., Butte, Montana. 

6603. Roney.- — James Roney Sr. m Rachel 
Muller and settled in Chester Co., Pa. He was 
a farmer & owned property three or four miles 
from New London Cross Road, Chester Co. 
He had five sons & four daus. His s James 
Roney b Oct. 27, 1797 m June 8, 1819, Rachel 
Larew. They had 8 ch. Their youngest, Rachel 
Maria was only a few months old when they 
moved to Ohio. She m Darius Buxton & lived 
in Union Co., O. Would be glad to correspond 
with enquirer.— Mrs. C. E. Vallicr, 1310 Norton 
Ave., Sioux Falls, South Dakota. 

6691. Hinckley. — Samuel Hinckley, Co. Kent, 
England, came to New England in the ship 
"Hercules" which sailed about March, 1634. He 
was accompanied by his w Sarah & ch. He 
first settled in Scituate & by the early records 
it appears that his w joined the church there 

Aug. 16, 1635. He removed to Barnstable in 
1639. His 1st w Sarah d Aug. 18, 1656 & he 
m Bridget Bodfish. He d at Barnstable, Oct. 
31, 1662. In Freeman's History of Cape Cod, 
he is described as having been a very promi'ient 
man in public affairs. His will was dated Oct. 
8, 1662. In it he mentions his w Bridget, sons 
Thomas, Samuel & John and daus Susannah, 
Alary, Sarah & Elizabeth.— Mrs. Wm. L. 
Merriman, 15 Terry Road, Shanghai, China. 

7714. If the party, signed M. A. L., will write 
to me I may be able to help them with Cathey- 
Carruth-Allison data — Mrs. J. M. Aldrich, 
Michigan City, Mississippi. 

7715. Martin. — Three sons of General Joseph 
Martin, the Soldier, Statesman, Planter, Mason, 
Indian Agent in Ky. & Tenn. under Gov. Pat- 
rick Henry of Va., the father of 17 ch, lived 
in Ky. at the time that General Jackson fought 
the Battle of New Orleans. Tbev w pr e C°l. 
Wm. Martin, Brice and Patrick Henry Martin. 
If it is of desc of these pioneers you wish in- 
formation, & will write to me giving all the 
information you can, as to their history in the 
State of Ky. & the names so far as you can, I 
will be glad to give you their line back to Eng. 
& on the maternal side, back to abt 1500. Gen. 
Joseph Martin was a bro of my gr grandmother, 
Olive Martin Edwards. — Brice Edwards, 212 
6th St. S. E., Washington, D. C. 

8830. Waters-Hardin. — By writing to Mrs. 
W. H. Crowder, 1430 South Boston Ave., 
Tulsa, Okla. you can secure data regarding 
these families. 



8843. Gage.— Lucy Gage b Feb. 6, 1798 was 
5th ch of James Adams Gage b May 30, 1766 
& his w Eunice Watkins. James Adams Gage 
was the s of George Gage b July 9, 1740 at 
Yarmouth, Mass., d May 4, 1806 at Pittstown 
N. Y. m Sarah Adams of Mass. Sept. 7, 1763. 
His name spelled George Guage, in record of 
his joining the mil in Dutchess Co. N. Y. 1760 
at the age of 20, Capt. Richard Rea's Co. He 
later removed to Dorset, Vt. where he was con- 
stable 1768. Served in Rev. 1776-1781. see 
Vermont Rolls. He removed from Dorset to 
Pittstown where he kept a tavern. Was elected 
Postmaster at first election April 1, 1789 & be- 
came Postmaster 1792. He is bur in Pittstown 
a few rods from the Post Office. James Adams 
Gage and his bro Moses, bought 100 acres 
of land in Norway Herkimer Co., N. Y. & 
walked one hundred miles to their property in 
1793 the first settlers there, & built their log 
cabin with axes only as tools. They cut the 
trees into logs & rolled them into place with 
hand spikes, covered the roof with bark. The 
chimney served as window & to let the smoke 
out. They returned to Pittstown for their 
wives & in Feb. 1794 moved their houshold 
goods on a sled drawn by an old team of horses. 
James sold his land in 1810 & removed to Syr- 
acuse, N. Y. & later set in Painesville, O. 
Children of George & Sarah Adams Gage who 
were m Sept. 7, 1763, were Elizabeth b 1764 m 
1st Cornelius Smith, 2nd Dr. Randall ; James 
Adams b May 30, 1766 m Eunice Watkins ; 
Moses b April 11, 1768 m Sarah Slauson ; 
Hannah m John Purdy ; Rebecca m Roswell 
Burnham; Lemuel b 1775 m Rosanna Sherman; 
Daniel David b Sept. 3, 1777 m Abigail Gates ; 
Eli lived in De Ruyter, N. Y. ; Charlotte Carr 
b Apr. 22, 1787 m Isreal Sloan, Jr. The father 
of George Gage was Thomas, b in Yarmouth, 
Mass. m Rebecca Rider Oct. 13, 1726 & removed 
to Dutchess Co., N. Y. aft. 1740, and his father 
was Benjamin who took the "oath of fideletie" 
at Yarmouth, with 22 others in 1657. He m 
Joanna dau of Wm. & Elizabeth Knight of 
Yarmouth. The above facts were found in 
" Gage Genealogy " by Rev. Wm. M. Gage ; 
"Norway Tidings" Oct. 1887; " Gazeteer of 
Vermont " 1824 by Zadock Thompson ; Vermont 
Historical Society ; " Gage Genealogy " by Ar- 
thur Gage ; " History of Pittstown in Renssalear 
Co., N. Y. ; Provincial Records, Albany, N. Y. : 
Cemetery, Norway, N. Y. & at Pittstown, N. Y. ; 
" Postmaster of Pittstown, N. Y. by Geo. H. 
Francisco ; Revolutionary Soldiers in N. Y. — 
Mrs. Olive H. Harzvood Lash, 349 Brunson Ave., 
Benton Harbor, Michigan. 

9979. Armstrong. — Joseph Armstrong, Sr. 
native of the North of Ireland came to Amer 
abt 1731 & settled in Hamilton Twp, now 

Franklin Co., Pa. Was capt in Provincial 
forces 1755-58. He was with his relative Col. 
John Armstrong at Kittaning ; was Provincial 
agent in building the great road from Fort 
Loudon to Fort Pitt ; represented Cumberland 
County in the Assembly 1756-58 ; d Jan., 1761, 
w Jennett. Their ch were John ; Thomas, Jos- 
eph, James, William, Catharine " otherwise 
Catherine Courey " & Margaret. Joseph 
Armstrong, Jr. b in Hamilton Twp, 1739 d 1811 
& is bur in Rocky Spring Graveyard, Letterkenny 
Twp. July 1776 he was placed in command of 
5th Battalion of Cumberland Co. & was in the 
Jersey campaign of that yr. Ref : Egle's Notes 
and Queries. Franklin Co., Pa. History 1887, 
gives as taxables in 1786 in Hamilton Twp., Wm., 
Samuel, John, George, Wm., Robert Thompson. 
Also Thos. & Joseph Armstrong. In Letter- 
kenny Twp, Alex Thompson. For wills & 
records previous to 1784 write to Court House 
at Carlisle, Pa. After 1784 write to Court 
House at Chambersburg, Pa. For McCono- 
hay data write to Court House, Gettysburg, 
Pa. or York, Pa. — Mrs. Virginia S. Fcn- 
drick, Mercersburg. 

10011. Strother. — "William Strother, of 
Virginia and his Descendants " by Thomas 
McAdory Owen, gives the following about 
French Strother. French Strother (4) (James 
(3), Jeremiah (2), William (1) was b 173- 
in King George Co. He lived on an estate of 
1500 acres, lying on Mountain Run, on the 
Fredericksburg road between Culpeper & Ste- 
vensburg. He was a vestryman & warden of St. 
Marks Parish. Represented Culpeper Co. for 
more than a quarter of a century in the General 
Assembly, before, during & after the Rev, was 
a member of the Virginia Conventions of 1776 
& 1788, opposing in the latter, with Patrick 
Henry, George Mason & others, the adoption of 
the Constitution of the United States. He was 
Co. Lieutenant & also Presiding Justice of the 
Co. Court of Culpeper. For his boldness & ag- 
gressiveness during the Rev struggle he 
has been denominated by Grigsby as " the 
Fearless." The General Assembly, at various 
times imposed upon him public duties, vis : 
Trustee of the Town of Stevensburg, Trustee 
of an Academy to be established in the old gun- 
factory at Fredericksburg, Commissioner to set- 
tle certain Trustees' accounts. Commissioner of 
a road from Chester's Gap in Culpeper to Rich- 
mond, etc. He d intestate Aug., 1811 & is bur 
at Fredericksburg. His w was Lucy, dau of 
Robert Coleman (d 1793) formerly of Caroline 
Co. She was connected with the Claytons, Fos- 
ters & Stevens. See Hening 11, 36, 204; 12, 
219, 375. He had many distinguished desc. Gilley 
who m Col. Evans & Elizabeth who m Nimrod 



Evans are mentioned among his ch, but dates 
are not given. — A. P. Str other, Searcy, Ark. 

10070. Baker. — George Peter Baker lived at 
Strassburg near the River Rhine in Germany. 
He had four sons & one dau who came to this 
country about 1753. One s d soon after arriving 
here. The surviving bros were surgeons and 
performed much government work. They pos- 
sessed large estates in many parts of the United 
States. Prior to 1800 they were officers in the 
army. One, Colonel Henry Baker, became a 
merchant and had ships at sea, also owned much 
land in Philadelphia where he d in 1801. Before 
his d his land was leased for 99 yrs and the 
business portion of the city to-day is located 
on this tract. By will his estates fell to his bros 
Jacob & Peter & his sis Elizabeth. They resided 
in Lancaster Co., Pa. & later moved to Somerset 
Co. where Jacob was killed by the Indians about 
1816. Peter immigrated to Ohio. Col. Henry 
Baker d single. "History of Bedford & Somer- 
set Co., Pa. Vol. 3, p. 172." Jacob m Mary Breck 
& their first ch Catherine was b 1759. — Miss 
Douglas Hilts, Gooding, Idaho. 

10082. Pond-Fisher. — I have the following 
from the Pension Bureau at Washington 
" Luther Pond volunteered at Phelpstown, On- 
tario Co., N. Y. & ser as a private in Capt. Elias 
Hull's Company of New York Mil from May 
9, 1812 to May 16, 1813. He m at Farmington, 
Ontario Co. N. Y. March 20, 1814, Sarah White 
& he d Nov. 3, 1843 in Wayne Cass Co., 
Michigan, where his widow was living in 1854 
aged fifty-nine years, when she was allowed 
bounty land in full satisfaction for the services 
rendered." The names of their ch were Almon, 
Freeman, Marvin, Dennis, George, Mary Ann, 
Emily & Dydama.— Mrs. Chas. Holdcn, 621 
Madison Ave., S. E., Grand Rapids, Mich. 

10087. Foster.— Olive Foster b at West Tis- 
bury, Mass. Feb. 15, 1761 d at Ashfield, Mass. 
May 1796, m about 1780 Cornelius Luce. She 
was the eldest ch of Win. Foster b at Tisbury, 
Nov. 7, 1733 d at Ashfield, May 22, 1801, on 
Jan. 3. 1760, Deborah Lewis who d at Ash- 
field May 14, 1830. Their ch were Olive 
b 1761 m Cornelius Luce; Michael b Feb. 
5, 1763 d May 10, 1764; Lewis b Nov. 27, 
1764 d at Springfield, Mass. Apr. 5, 1849; 
Wm. b Apr. 8, 1767 d Oct. 27, 1793; Milton b 
Jan. 4, 1772 d at Marietta O., Feb. 14, 1852; 
Susanna b Apr. 26, 1776 d at Pittsfield, Mass. 
1794; Hannah b Aug. 9, 1782 d at Ashfield July 
30, 1855. Wm. Foster, 1733-1801, was the s of 
Joseph Foster b 1698 d 1785 who m Elizabeth 
Milton b 1702 d 1792, and he was the s of Joseph 
Foster b 1674 d 1750 m Rachel Bassett b 1679 
d 1744. Joseph, 1674-1750 was the s of John 
Foster b 1642 d 1732, of Weymouth who was 
the s of Thomas Foster of Boston who came 

from Devonshire Eng. 1634. Ref : Pierce's 
Foster Genealogy. Deborah Lewis Foster was 
a descendant of Wm. White who came in the 
Mayflozvcr.—Dr. Walter H. Cliapin, 27 Pleasant 
St., Springfield, Mass. 

10090. Longfellow. — Wm. Longfellow b in 
Eng. 1651 came to Newbury, Mass. 1676 m Nov. 
10, 1678 Anne Sewall, dau of Henry & Jane 
Dummer Sewall. Their s Nathan b Feb. 5, 
1690, in Newbury, Mass. m Aug. 28, 1713 Mary 
Greene & removed to Hampton, N. H. and their 
s Jonathan b 1714 at Hampton Falls, N. H., m 
1731 Marcy (Mercy) Clark removed to Corn- 
wallis, N. S. thence to Machias, Maine in 1765. 
Have no record of Rev ser, but if there is such 
it will be in the Massachusetts Records. — Miss 
Bertha Longfellow, Machias, Maine. 

10104. Moxley. — Joseph Moxley was b in 
Glasgo & came to Groton, Conn, when 8 months 
old. He m Elizabeth Horsford & had ch, Jos- 
eph, Jonathan. Samuel, Deborah, Elizabeth & 
Esther. Joseph Moxley was a carpenter & on 
the day of the battle he was building a house 
for Jonathan Latham near the fort. He & his 
s Joseph Jr., then about 19 years old entered the 
fort & Joseph Sr. was killed but Joseph Jr. es- 
caped. Jonathan Moxley, the 2nd s m Sally 
Woodmansee & probably they were the parents 
of Sally Moxley b 1788 d 1863 who m 1815 
Gurden Darrow. 

(a) Perkins. — The name of Luke Perkins 
appears twice among the names of those killed at 
Fort Griswold Sept. 6, 1781. Luke Perkins & 
Corporal Luke Perkins Jr. From grave stone in 
Starr Cemetery, I copied the following "Luke 
Perkins Killed Sept. 6, 1781 at Fort Griswold, 
age 29 yrs" also his bro "Asa Perkins Killed, age 
33 yrs." Allyn's History says "Elnathan Perkins 
went to the fort with four sons Obadiah, Elisha, 
Asa & Luke Jr. the last three were killed & Asa 
& Luke were bur in Starr Cemetery. Elisha, who 
was a m man was bur beside his two infant ch, 
his widow, Sarah, later m Wm. Wood. — Mrs. 
Charles M. Adams, 8 Monument St., Gro- 
ton, Conn. 

10104. Moxley.— Joseph Moxley b 1736 d 1781 
m 1757 Eliz. Horsford. Jonathan Moxley b 
1763 d 1826 m 1787 Sally Woodmansee b 1759 d 
1827, these, no doubt, were the parents of Sally 
Moxley who m Gurden Darrow. Jonathan Mox- 
ley also ser in the Rev at the Battle of Groton 
Heights. — Mrs. Lena Moxley McCloskcy, 420 
Ontario Ave., Renovo, Pa. 

10104. Perkins. — I find in my family Bible 
the name of Amy Moxley & the date of her d, 
Sept. 18, 1809.— Mrs. Oscar Samuels, 221 8th 
Ave., San Francisco, Cal. 

10110. Doolittle. — The parents of Thankful 
Doolittle who m Capt. Tohn Trowbridge in 1777, 
were Isaac Doolittle b Aug. 13, 1721 d at New 



Haven Feb. 13, 1800 & his w Sarah b Jan. 30, 
1726, dau of Josiah & Abigail Frederick Todd, 
whom he m Nov. 10, 1743. Ch. of Ambrose 
Doolittle, who ser in Rev, were Ambrose b Dec. 
27, 1751; Amos b May 8, 1754; Martha b Aug. 
30 1756; Eunice b June 21, 1758 m Joseph 
Morgan; Abner b July 27, 1760; Samuel & Silas, 
twins b Mar. 28, 1763; Reuben b May 1, 1766 m 
Thankful Bunnell Jan. 31, 1788; Loly b June 
9, 1769; Mary Ann b Feb. 23, 1771; Eliakim 
b Aug. 29, 1772; Lois, & Thankful m Capt. 
Solomon Doolittle. Ref :-p. 137, "Hisory of Doo- 
little Family in America." — Mrs. L. L. Gillogly, 
Almeda, California. 


10416. McClelland-Huligan. — Was Huligan 
who was drowned in the Susquehanna River in 
1816, a s of Thos. Huligan of Dauphin Co., Pa.? 
His w was Abigail or Nancy McClelland. They 
had three ch Margaret, Abigail & James. Mrs. 
Huligan lived with her dau Abigail Huligan 
Ross & may have d in Clearfield Co., Pa. Would 
like to correspond with anyone having informa- 
tion of this fam. 

(a) Burnam. — Levi Elwell, in his introduc- 
tion to "Gravestone Records of Shaftsbury, Vt." 
states that in Nov., 1766, John Burnam & George 
Pengree were residents of Shaftsbury. Rec- 
ords show that in Nov., 1767, Geo. Pengree 
m Hannah Burnam, & aft his d in 1776, 
Hannah m a Mr. Bronson. Was Hannah 
Burnam a dau of John Burnam, pioneer of 
Shaftsbury?— E. C. M. 

10417. Kilgore. — Matthew Kilgore & w Mary, 
came from the British Isles & set in York Co., 
Pa. bef the Rev. Did he have Rev rec ? 

(a) Armstrong. — Wanted par & Rev rec of 
father of Eliz. Armstrong b in Augusta Co., 
Va. 1781 & m Matthew Kilgore of York Co., 
Pa. Oct. 3, 1799. 

(b) Sprague. — Wanted par of Eliza Sprague 
b Jan. 8, 1815, m Nov. 10, 1836, in Dayton, Ind. 
James A. Kilgore. 

10418. Hall.— Capt. Nathaniel Hall m Nov. 
7, 1745 in Mansfield Conn. Martha dau of 
Capt. Samuel & Mary Warner Storrs. Their 
ch were Nathaniel b 1746, Deborah b 1747/8, 
Ruth b 1751, Olive b 1753, Martha b 1755, An- 
drew b 1758, Azariah b 1760, Richard b 1762, 
Aaron b 1764, Asahel b 1766 & Mary b 1769. 
Whom did Deborah b 1747 & Olive b 1753 m? 
Wanted names of ch of Timothy & Deborah 
Hall of Durham, Conn. Timothy was the s 
of Ebenezer Hall of Guilford. 

(a) Beebe. — Wanted ances of Thomas Beebe 
of Red Hook, Fairfield Co., Conn., who m 
Olive Hall & set on Black Creek, Guilderland, 
N. Y. 

(b) Hall. — James & Hannah Cook Hall of 
YYallingford, Conn, had ch James b 1743 & Olive 
b May 20, 1745. Whom did Olive m?— M. K C. 

10419. Tucker. — Wanted par of James Tucker 
b 1762, in Preston, Conn. & also of his w Sarah 
Angel b 1768, in New London, Conn. Did 
the father's of either give Rev ser? James 
Tucker had sisters, Esther b 1759, Sarah b 1761 
& Hannah b 1764.— L. M. McC. 

10420. Dorsey. — Wanted ances of John Dor- 
sey & also of his w Eliz Dorsey. They were 
of the Baltimore Dorseys & lived nr Charles 
Town, Va. in 1830. John Dorsey d bet 1820 & 
1830. His widow moved to Rappahannock Co., 
Va. They had ch George, Sarah W., Wm. & 
John Samuel Dorsey. 

(a) Terrel. — Wanted par of Abigail Tcrrel 
b 1760 m 1775 Wm. Rush of Montgomery Co., 
N. C. Her bros were Halcot & Timothy. 

(b) Harris. — Wanted par of Priscilla Harris 
b in Edgecomb Co., N. C. nr Tarboro 1797. 
She m Grigsby Rush in 1813. They lived for a 
time in Montgomery Co., N. C. later moving 
to Ky. Many of the Harris fam went to Georgia 
& Miss. It is the same fam from which Joel 
Chandler Harris is desc. 

(c) Stubblefield-Brown. — Wanted ances of 
Hezekiah Brown of Culpeper Co., Va. who m 
abt 1766 Ann Stubblefield. Wanted her ances 
also Elizabeth Brown of Prince William Co., 
Va. m John Priest in 1766. Were Hezekiah 
and Eliz. of the same fam? — N. A. 

10421. Adams. — Wanted date & place of b 
& d of Sarah Adams who m George Gage of 
Yarmouth, Mass. Sept. 7, 1763. George Gage 
d May 4, 1806 at Pittstown, N. Y. & in his 
will mentions, w Sarah & nine ch. Wanted 
dates of b of these ch. 

(a) Lee. — Wanted dates of b, m & d of 
Margaret Jane Lee of Va., said to belong to 
the fam of Henry (Light Horse Harry) Lee, 
who m Matthew McClintock. — O. H. L. 

10422. Wythe. — Wanted the ances & place 
of b of Kezia Wythe b abt 1775 d Nov. 4, 1827 
in Phila, Pa. m Hezekiah Welch. 

(a) French-Jobe. — Abigail French m 

Jobe & one of their sons was b while they lived 
in Muhlenburg Co., Ky., 1800. She is supposed 
to be a desc of Daniel Boone. Their dau Eliz. 

m Alexander. Wanted any information of 

either fam. 

(b) Broocks-Miller. — Wanted names of 
father & bros of Bibulous (Bibby) Broocks 
who m Isabella Miller. They had dau Lucindia 
b in Va. 1804. The Broocks were of Dutch 
desc & Isabella Miller was b in Eng. Wanted 
her par. — C. P. McG. 

10423. Harris. — Wanted information concern- 
ing Patience Harris, 97 years old in 1850, 
living in Beaufort Co., S. Car. with R. W. 



Simmons aged 46, & his w Kizia, shown on 
Census for 1830, Beaufort Co., S. Car. living 
with her s John Harris. 

10424. Wooding. — Wanted par, dates & Rev 
rec of Robert Wooding, Fairfax & Pr. Edward 
Co., Va. Wanted also the name of his w & ch. 

(a) Strong. — Wanted par & dates of John 
Strong from Hanover or Goochland Co. Va. 
Wanted also the names of his w & ch. — W. C. C. 

10425. Aiken-McFarland — Deacon James 
Aiken b June 1, 1731 d July 27, 1817 m Mollie 
McFarland b 1736 d Dec. 4, 1814. Would like 
to correspond with any one who can give in- 
formation of these people. 

(a) Hopkins-Reed. — John Hopkins b Mar. 10, 
1739, m Isabella Reed who d June 7, 1823 dau 
of Matthew and Mary Ann Holmes Reed. 
Wanted any information of these fam. 
— M. M. H. 

10426. Hardy. — Wanted par & place & date 
of b of Thomas Hardy who was a resident of 
Brookfield, Mass. bet 1750 & 1782. His w was 
Hephzibah Rice.— J. B. H. 

10427. Hawley. — Sarah Hawley b New M:l- 
ford, Conn., Nov. 3, 1768, moved with her 
father Nathan to Pittsford, Vt. abt 1780. 
Wanted names of her mother & grandparents 
on each side. — I. B. H. 

10428. Crane-Crain. — Wanted any informa- 
tion concerning Archibald Crane-Crain of 
Lvnchburg, Va. who fought in the Rev. War. 
— M. J. M. 

10429. Pool. — Wanted par of Alary Pool 
whose m intentions to Jabez Kendall (d Cam- 
bridge Oct. 20, 1803) published Jan. 7, 1769. 
Was she the dau of Lieut. Jonathan & Mary 
Leamun Pool of Reading, Mass. 

(a) Foster- White- Wing. — David, b 1758, s 
of Nathan & Phoebe Wing Foster of Dutchess 
Co. N. Y. m & moved from region of Danbury, 
Conn, to Williamstown Mass. A Foster gen 
says his wife's name was Lydia White. Records 
2 ch David & Nathaniel Jr. Williamstown Vital 
Records gives his w name as Susannah White, 
& b of several ch until Lydia in 1800. Married 
Jabish York Lewis, 1819. Would appreciate any 
information establishing the name of w of David 
Foster or if he had 2 w possibly sisters 
Nathaniel Foster rendered Rev ser for S. E. 
Precinct in Dutchess Co. N. Y. now Putnam 
Co. in Gen. Precinct on War Committees also 
& as Corp in the Conn. Mil. There are several 
David Fosters on the rolls of N. Y. two being 
in Dutchess Co. Mil. Would be glad of infor- 
mation to prove war rec of David, s of Nathan- 
iel Foster. Wanted also par of Lydia or 
Susannah White.— L. L. F. 

10430. Fowler.— Wanted ances of Elias Fow- 
ler b Feb. 16, 1776 at Halifax, Windham Co., 
Vt. m Jerusha Sumner b Oct. 21, 1779. He 

d Dec. 22, 1844 had 13 ch. Wanted also gen 
of Jerusha Sumner. 

(a) Shepherd. — Wanted ances of Nancy 
Shepherd who m Tarrant Putnam b Apr. 1, 
1780, d Feb. 21, 1832. Her mother's name was 
Allen.— O. P. M. 

10431. Capell. — Wanted names of ch of 
Benjamine Capell who d 1711 Ann Arundel 
Co. Md. 

(a) Holland. — Wanted maiden name of w 
of Jacob Holland b Jan. 20, 1690, s of Anthony 
Holland of Herring Creek, Ann Arundel Co. 
Md. & list of ch. 

(b) Wanted name of w of Capell Holland 
b June 10, 1692, s of Anthony Holland of Ann 
Arundel Co. Md. & list of his ch.— A. B. C. 

10432. Bacon. — Wanted ances Rev rec & 
any information of Edmond Parks Bacon, whose 
s Edmond Parks Bacon was Lieut in the War 
of 1812.— L. B. D. 

10433. Ferre-Parsons-Herrick. — Wanted 
names of ch dates of b & par of both Stephen 
Herrick, b 1764 & w Nancy Ferre Parsons. See 
Springfield, Mass. records. — E. M. C. 

10434. Taffee-Taaffe-Tafe. — Wanted any 
information & ances of Capt. Taffe who gave 
ser in French-Irish Reg Savannah, Ga. 1778 
— D. P. T. 

10435. Potts. — Wanted date & place of b & 
d, maiden name of w & names of ch of Joseph 
Potts, Capt., Penna. line. 

(a) Weber (Weaber). — Wanted place & 
date of b & d maiden name of w Catherine 
with her date of m to Frederick Weber who d 
in Lower Saucon Twp. Northampton Co. Pa. 
abt 1772. Their s George d in 1770 leaving 
widow Ann Barbara who afterwards m Anthony 
Stock. Wanted maiden name of Ann Babara. 

(b) Nowlane. — John Nowlane d in Beth- 
lehem Twp. Northampton Co. Pa. 1777 leaving 
a w Gertrude, 4 dau & a stepson, Nicholas 
Michael. Wanted place & date of b of John 
Nowlane & his w Gertrude & maiden name 
of latter. 

10436. Ruffner.— Emanuel Ruffner, b 1757 d 
1848. His w Elizabeth Grove b 1779 d 1842 
Shanendoah Co. Va. Emanuel Ruffner ser as 
teamster in Rev. Wanted proof of this ser. 
Wanted also par of Elizabeth Grove. 

(a) Strawn. — Wanted par of Thomas Strawn 

b 1770 d 1854 m Llannah b 1775 d 1814. 

Did his father give Rev. ser. 

(b) Bennett. — Wanted par & Rev rec of 
father of Abraham Bennett, b 1780 d 1862 m 
Martha— .—A. C. H. 

10437. Cole. — Wanted par & any Rev rec in 
the fam of Sylvanus Cole who went from Vt. 
to Maine abt 1810.— I. C. F. 

10438. Worrall. — Wanted par & place of b of 
Rachel Worrall who m 1795 Benjamin Griffith 



& resided on their plantation called "Griffith's 
Mt." abt 12 miles out of Baltimore, Md. Both 
Rachel & Benjamin Griffith are bur on this 
plantation. Any help to establish Rev rec on 
Worral line will be greatly appreciated. Would 
like to correspond with some one of the Pa. or 
Md. branch.— W. C. B. 

10439. Lesly. — Wanted par & Rev rec of Wm. 
Lesly b in Abbey ville, S. C. Nov. 10, 1754 d 
Dec. 30, 1821 or 1822 m Apr. 29, 1778 Anna 
Caldwell b Sept. 27, 1759 d July 28, 1800. 
—I. E. L. 

10440. Neely. — Wanted name of w & dates 
of b m & d of both of John Neely, Sr. He & his 
s John were enlisted men in the 2nd Reg. of 
Ulster Co. Mil. Col. James McClaghry in com- 
mand. (N. Y. in Rev p. 193) John Neely Sr. 
& bros Robert & Wm. lived in Neely Town, 
Ulster Co., N. Y. during the first part of the 
18th Century. 

(a) Woodford. — Wanted date & place of 1) 
of Gen. Wm. Woodford who m a dau of Lord 
Howe & was one of the first in the U. S. to 
take up arms against the British. For his ser 
he was given a large tract of land in Ky. He 
had s Wm. who moved from Rockingham Co., 
Va. to what is now Randolph Co., W. Va. 
Married Hannah Moss & has many desc in 
Central W. Va.— D. N. K. 

10441. Pierce. — Jonathan Pierce's name ap- 
pears on a monument at Goshen, N. Y. as one 
who was killed by the Indians at the Battle of 
Minisink July 22, 1779. He probably belonged 
to Col. Tusten Reg of Mil. Wanted his place 
of b & his Rev rec. Should like to correspond 
with any of his desc. — M. I. M. 

10442. Rhodes. — Wanted par of Mary or 
Martha Rhodes who m Frederick Davis Wim- 
berly, 1780 Bertie Co. N. C. 

(a) Harris. — Priscilla Harris m Henry 
Thorpe abt 1796 in Greenville Co., Va. moved to 
Nash Co., N. C. Wanted par of both Pris- 
cilla Harris & Henry Thorpe. 

(b) Lawson. — Davenport, s of John Daven- 
port Lawson b abt 1770, moved from N. C. to 
Ga. owned farm where city of Macon, Ga., is 
located. Moved from there to Crowell's Indian 
Agency on Chattahoochee River abt 1825. Chil- 
dren Wm., Margaret, Sabra, Thomas, & others. 
Some moved to Alabama, Miss. & Texas. 
Wanted name of w & par of Davenport Lawson. 
He d abt 1840.— C. T. J. 

10443. Graw. — Edward Graw m Mary Chil- 
don's dau Mary. They had a s John. Wanted 
name of w & ch of this John. Wanted ances 
of Thomas Graw who ser as Capt in the 15th 
R. I. Reg Rev War.— M. B. M. 

10444. Hayes. — Wanted par with dates & res 
of Seth Hayes & his w Elizabeth whose dau 
Hannah Hayes b Granville, Mass. 1761 m Tim- 

othy Stelman at Hartland, Mass. Oct. 13, 1779. 
Said Hannah d Granville, Ohio Mar. 22, 1807. 
Timothy was b at East Granville, Mass. Jan. 
15, 1756. Served in the Rev & d at Granville, 
Ohio, Apr. 21, 1828.— L. E. G. 

10445. Clark. — Wanted dates & Rev rec of 
the father of Hannah Clark who m Samuel 
Howard, a Rev sol who d in Mercer Co., 
Pa. 1842. 

(a) Mitchell. — Wanted Rev rec of Nicholas 
Mitchell b 1755. Had s Archibald, Joshua & 
James & he lived at one time near Murfrees- 
boro, Tenn. — A. J. S. 

10446. Quarles. — Wanted Rev rec date of m 
& d & last name of w Frances of Richard 
Quarles. Their s David m Olive Morgan 1795 
& he d in Edgefield, S. C. in 1807. 

(a) Morgan.— Wanted Rev rec of Evan 
Morgan date of his m & name of his w Olive 
& her gen. 

(b) Mims. — Wanted Rev rec of Drury Mims 
& name of his w & date of m He was 
b in Goochland Co., Va. 1744, d Edgefield Co., 
S. C. 1819 & was m in N. C. 

(c) Lucas. — Wanted first name of Rufus 

who m Ailsey Henry of Va. Wanted also his 
dates & Rev rec. Supposed to have ser through- 
out the War.— E. L. B. 

10447. Coon.— Walter Scott Coon b July, 1828 
d 1861. His father David b 1806, d 1862, both 
of Plainsfield N. J. What relationship did they 
bear to Aaron, Abijah, Daniel & Ebenezer Coon 
who were soldiers from Somerset Co. in the 
Rev? Were they related to Felty Levi, Peter 
or Runy Coon from Somerset Co. who ser in 
the Rev? Wanted ances of David Coon b 1806. 
— N. L. C. 

10448. Templeton. — Wm. Jasper Templeton, 
b in 111. July 27, 1857. His mother Emily Col- 
lins lived in St. Charles, 111. Wanted dates 
of her b & d & name of her husband. Wm. 
Jasper Templeton's father was Benjamin & his 
father Nathaniel Templeton was killed in 1782 
in the Battle of Sandusky Plains, Crawfords 
Defeat. He was from Washington Co., Pa. 
Wanted ances of Nathaniel and any other in- 
formation of fam. — R. E. S. 

10449. Marsh. — Wanted par of Hosea Marsh 
b Guilford, Conn. 1776, & also of his w Lydia 
Beal. Did their ances have Rev rec. — W. F. G. 

10450. Deal. — Wanted ances of Catherine 
Deal who m John Simons or Seaman in Am- 
sterdam, Montgomery Co., N. Y. in 1826 & 
went to Mich. Wanted also names of her ch. 
Was she a desc of Peter Deal of Phila. 
— M. A. S. 

10451. Randolph. — Wanted ances of John 
Randolph b Feb. 26, 1790, d 1861 whose s Wm. 
H. Randolph, Capt Co D 5, Va. Inf. was killed 
at Cold Harbor.— L. S. H. 

To Insure Accuracy in the Reading of Names and Promptness in Publication 
Chapter Reports must be Typewritten EDITOR. 

/&f** — ^~rj 

General Hugh Mercer Chapter (Grove 
City, Pa.), organized in 1919, closed its second 
year in June, 1921, with 73 members. It was 
an interesting and profitable year's work, with 
Americanization as the keynote. Five hundred 
copies of the American's Creed were distributed 
in the public schools, and prizes offered for the 
best essays on the subject, "Why I am loyal 
to America." A fine paper on immigration was 
prepared and read at one of our meetings by 
a member who is active in Americanization 
work, and the Chapter contributed $10 for 
this work. 

Our quota was paid in full for the Immi- 
grant's Manual, Memorial Fountain, and the 
Painting, and contributions were also sent to 
the Tomassee and Berry schools. 

Our receipts for the year amounted to 
$715.41. We paid $460 to the European Relief 
Fund, and $62.67 was used for the planting of 
twenty-three Norway maple trees on the 
Mercer-Grove City highway in honor of the 
twenty-three soldiers from this community 
who gave their lives in the World War. Three 
trees were also planted in honor of those who 
died in service on the Mexican border. A 
beautiful memorial service, in which the soldiers 
of the community participated, was held on 
April 9th, when the trees were planted. 

There were ten regular meetings held during 
the year, and also a musical tea. A patriotic 
meeting was held in February, celebrating the 
birthdays of Washington and Lincoln. The 
Chapter took part in the Memorial services on 
May 30th, and also assisted in the sale of 
French poppies. There were 27 subscriptions 
to the Daughters of the American Revolu- 
tion Magazine, and one copy is kept on file 
in the public library. A letter of protest was 
sent to Rev. Taylor, of Derry, Pa., against the 
tearing down of the old stone wall built in 
1775, surrounding the graveyard of the old 
Scotch-Irish settlement. 

An automobile ride of ten miles to the home 

of one of our members was enjoyed by 42 

members, and a very interesting meeting was 

held. Excellent reports were given by our 


Regent, Mrs. M. A. Young, and Mrs. E. J. 
Fithian, who were delegates to the Conti- 
nental Congress. 

Mrs. M. C. Zahniser, 


Gan-e-o-di-ya Chapter (Caledonia, N. Y.). 
The past fourteen years since this Chapter 
was organized have been filled with considerable 
activity for one of less than fifty members. 
The past twelve months the meetings were 
interesting and profitable. Addresses on the 
following topics were given : " Inaugurals," by 
Prof. F. C. Shaw, of Caledonia; "Joan of 
Arc," by Rev. R. G. Higinbotham ; " My Recent 
Trip to Europe," by Mrs. H. F. Remington, of 
Rochester, N. Y. Our townspeople have given 
very kindly of their poetic and musical talents. 
One especially interesting occasion was the 
presentation of a beautiful American flag to 
the Chapter by two non-resident members, 
Mrs. W. J. Boyd, of New York City, and her 
sister, Honorary Regent Mrs. T. C. Brown, of 
Shortsville, N. Y., in honor of their father, 
the late Robert M. Place, a G.A.R. veteran. 
The customary contributions to Martha Berry 
School, Rome, Ga., have been sent, and a con- 
tribution also to Tomassee school, a $50 Liberty 
Loan appropriated to N.S.D.A.R. in raising 
$100,000. Ten dollars was contributed to 
Veteran's Mountain Camp, New York State. 
The history of the Chapter was compiled and 
sent to the State Historian. One Revolution- 
ary War soldier's grave was located in a rural 
graveyard of York, Livingston County, N. Y., 
namely Riverius Russell (and wife Charity 
Hotchkiss), who served in Connecticut line. 
Charity was the daughter of Jesse Hotchkiss, 
also a Revolutionary soldier, and son of Capt. 
Gideon Hotchkiss, of Waterbury, Conn. 

In June the State Regent, Mrs. Nash, made 
an official visit accompanied by Mrs. Hale, 
Regent of Irondequoit Chapter. In 1920 
Gan-e-o-di-ya Chapter presented a large 
flag to Matthew Cleary Post American 
Legion, Caledonia. 



Inscriptions from four Revolutionary soldiers' 
graves, located in U. P. Cemetery, have been 
copied, namely: Enoch M. Place, David Fuller, 
Isaac Butterfield, John Gibson. 

The Registrar, Mrs. Deichman, has complied 
with the request to give names, residences, 
husbands' full name, names of Revolutionary 
War ancestors and their places of residence, 
enlistments, National numbers of the members, 
etc., sent to Memorial Hall, Washington, as a 
ready reference. 

There are now 49 members enrolled in 
Gan-e-o-di-ya Chapter. 

Mrs. A. B. Johnson, 


Betty Bonney Chapter (Arkansas City, 
Kan.), organized in 1907, has a limited mem- 

Twin Falls Chapter (Twin Falls, Idaho). 
In observance of the three hundredth anniver- 
sary of the landing of the Pilgrims in New 
England, a community pageant was presented 
in this city on November 30th, and December 
1st, in the Lavering Theatre. Our Chapter 
presented two of the scenes in the Revolution- 
ary period. 

The pageant which was entitled " Pilgrims of 
the Mayflower " was written by Mrs. Arthur 
K. Seaver, a charter member of our Chapter. 
It consisted of four episodes and some fifteen 
scenes illustrating the onward sweep of Ameri- 
can progress from the landing of the Pilgrims 
to the present, which included an allegorical 
scene representing the reclamation of the desert 
on which this city is now located, and Idaho's 
consequent gift to Columbia of the Twin Falls 



bership of fifty. Some very interesting 
programs have been given, while our luncheons. 
Christmas party and musicals have been very 
pleasant affairs. 

For several years the Chapter has contributed 
to worthy schools needing support. Our 
Americanization work consisted of obtaining 
and furnishing funds for a teacher and conduct- 
ing a night school for the Mexicans in the city, 
teaching them the American language. Many 
helpful things were done for them. 

Recently a charity ball was given and a nice 
sum raised which was used to help the worthy 
poor of our own city. Other money-making 
events are planned throughout the year, the 
proceeds to go to help some worthy cause. 
(Mrs. C. W.) Bessie M. Bryant, 


Tract. Columbia's acceptance of the gift being 
signalized by settlement from every part of 
the United States. 

The first episode depicted the life of the 
Pilgrims in three typical scenes, including the 
Settlement, Treaty with Massasoit, and the first 
New England Thanksgiving. The second epi- 
sode presented the Revolutionary period in five 
scenes : the first, Washington Taking Command 
at Cambridge, presented to view the General on 
horseback with the Continental troops drawn 
up in review, entered Daniel Morgan with his 
Virginia riflemen who wore their hunting 
shirts bearing Patrick Henry's famous words, 
" Liberty or Death." 

The second scene depicted the " Signing of 
the Declaration of Independence." The third 
scene, " The Birth of the Flag," won round 



after round of applause. Four of our members 
were disclosed working on the flag. The flag 
used was the Chapter's own, having been 
awarded by the State Regent for the greatest 
increase in membership. Mrs. D. F. Sweet, 
the Registrar, made a charming Betsey Ross. 

The fourth scene presented the " Surrender at 
Yorktown," showing the Continental soldiers 
massed under General Washington, the French 
soldiers under Count de Rochambeau. March- 
ing to the old British tune, " The World 
Turned Upside Down," came the British in their 
brilliant red uniforms. 

The final scene of this episode was " Martha 
Washington's Levee," and members of our 
Chapter appeared in beautiful costumes as 
Colonial dames. Mrs. P. W. McRoberts took 
the part of Martha Washington. Our Regent, 
Mrs. John E. White, is seen standing near a 
mahogany table (an heirloom) chatting with 
" Gen. Nathaniel Greene." At the extreme left 
stands Mrs. Mary Y. Norton, a Past Regent, 
and who now holds the office of State Treas- 
urer. Our Chaplain, Mrs. J. W. Epler, stands 
at extreme right talking with " Marquis de 
La Fayette." As the curtain rises, the man in 
waiting, announces the arrival of General and 
Mrs. Hamilton, who advance and courtesy to 
President and Mrs. Washington. The part of 
General Hamilton was taken by the Rev. Mr. 
Baird of the Episcopal Church and the lady is 
the writer of the pageant. 

Among our members are descendants of noted 
characters in history, Miss Alberta Simonds 
being descended from Daniel Morgan ; Pauline 
Ware, the young daughter of a member, taking 
the part of Constance Hopkins ; in the first 
episode is a descendant of that character. 
Many of our members are Mayflower descend- 
ants and took an active interest in the entire 
pageant, which employed over two hundred 
costumed actors in its presentation. 

The succeeding episode dealt with the strug- 
gle for the preservation of the union, while 
incidents in the development of the Great West 
were portrayed in the fourth and last episode ; 
notably, the Lewis and Clark Expedition, intro- 
ducing the famous Indian woman Sacajawea, 
who was born in Idaho, and guided the party 
to the coast and back, over the Oregon Trail, 
Settlement of Idaho, and the Reclamation of 
the Desert. 

Our programs for the year deal with the 
history of our own State, Idaho, from its 
earliest inception through the decades to 
the present. 

Twin Falls will be hostess chapter to the 
State Conference of the Daughters of the 
American Revolution this year, at which time 
we hope to have as our honored guest the 
President General, Mrs. George M. Minor. 
(Mrs. Wilbur S.) Mabel M. Hill, 


Elizabeth Carey Chapter (Nevada, Mo.). 
The ter-centenary of the sailing of the May- 
flower and the first landing of the Pilgrims at 
Provincetown, and final settlement at Ply- 
mouth, was celebrated on December 2, 1919, 
by the Elizabeth Carey Chapter with a large 
and beautiful tea at the home of Mrs. C. E. 
Gilbert. Several members of this organization 
are direct descendants of these first Pilgrims 
to America's shores. 

The spacious interior of the Gilbert home 
presented a beautiful scene, spinning wheels, 
treasured relics of many generations, priceless 
china whose beauty carried with it a lost art 
and rare pieces of pewter and brass, held 
honored places and were the objects of much 
attention, while the large fireplace harkened 
back to the early da>s with its garland of tiny 
red peppers and dried apples. Over all was 
shed light from many candles set in old and 
curiously wrought candlesticks and electric 
lights softened by gray shades. 

A delightful program, consisting of songs 
by Mrs. N. B. Macon, Mrs. W. C. Moore, 
Airs. S. A. Cubbin, Mrs. W. F. Sterett, Miss 
Anna May Samuels, and charming numbers 
rendered by the Misses Farnham, Ferrol, 
Fitchen, Semple, Camb, Turpin, Mitchell 
and Jolly. 

Parched corn was served with the tea and 
cakes. Tea was poured by Mmes. C. A. Logan, 
C. M. Moss, Emmet Sullivan and Mark Daily, 
and their assistants were the following young 
girls — Misses Madeline Ewing, Ernestine and 
Helen Mar Frieday, Mary Virginia Bean, 
Celeste Roberts and Marjorie Dail. Favors 
were the tiniest pods of red peppers tied with 
gray yarn. 

In the receiving line which was headed by 
the Regent, Mrs. Joe Cousley, were the officers 
of the Chapter and other members of the 
organizations assisted in welcoming and looking 
after the comfort of the guests. 

The members of the Chapter all wore the 
traditional Pilgrim costume of gray with snowy 
linen bertha and caps to match. 

May Davis Glover. 



j.| J-Jlii:fL.Li'!l.!!illl'il|,;Uil 

Regular Meeting, February 8, 192: 

REGULAR meeting of the National 
Board of Management was called to 
order by the President General, Mrs. 
George Maynard Minor, in the 
Board Room of Memorial Continental 
Hall, on Wednesday, February 8, 
1922, at 10.10 a.m. 

In the absence of the Chaplain General, the 
President General repeated her favorite prayer, 
the members of the Board then joining with 
her in the Lord's prayer. 

The President General spoke of the illness of 
Mrs. Ellison, the Librarian General, who was 
quite ill at the Willard. The President General 
spoke also of the long illness of Mrs. Aull. 
ex-Vice President General, and invited a 
motion to send an expression of sympathy to 
both of these members. The members of the 
Board rose in evidence of their sympathy and 
their desire to have such expression sent Mrs. 
Ellison and Mrs. Aull. 

Mrs. Yawger not being present, the Corre- 
sponding Secretary General, Mrs. Elliott, was 
requested to act in the place of the Recording 
Secretary General. 

The roll was called by the Recording Secre- 
tary General pro ton, the following members 
being recorded present: National Officers: Mrs. 
Minor, Miss Serpell, Mrs. Bahnsen, Mrs. 
Harris, Mrs. Morris, Mrs. Whitman, Mrs. 
Cook, Mrs. Holden, Mrs. Hodgkins, Mrs. 
Elliott, Mrs. Hanger, Miss Strider, Mrs. 
LIunter, Miss Coltrane, Mrs. White; State 
Regents: Mrs. Bud, Mrs. St. Clair, 
Mrs. Chubbuck, Mrs. Perkins, Mrs. Frisbee, 
Mrs. Guernsey, Mrs. Denmead, Mrs. Shumway, 
Miss McDuffee, Mrs. Kitt, Mrs. Fitts, Mrs. 
Nash, Mrs. W. O. Spencer, Mrs. Young, Mrs. 
Wilson, Mrs. Sparks, Mrs. Davis, Miss Temple, 
Mrs. Barrett. 

The President General read her report. 

Report of President General 

Members of the National Board of Manage- 
ment : 

Since your President General's last report, 
presented at the October meeting of the 
National Board of Management, some very 
notable events have taken place in the history 
of our Society. 

First among these was the laying of the 

cornerstone of our own Administration Build- 
ing, on October 19th, with simple ceremonies, 
a full account of which has been published in 
the magazine for December, 1921. 

The presence of many members of the 
National Board, practically all of whom had 
remained after the regular meeting on the 
previous day, and also of many Daughters of 
the District of Columbia and the different 
states, made a notable and impressive gathering. 

The program consisted of the singing of the 
" Star Spangled Banner " ; invocation by Mrs. 
Spencer, the Chaplain General ; address by Mrs. 
Guernsey, Honorary President General and 
Chairman of the Building Committee; address 
by the President General, Mrs. Minor ; reading 
by Mrs. Yawger, the Recording Secretary 
General, of the list of articles placed in the 
sealed box in the cornerstone ; the laying of the 
cornerstone by Mrs. Minor and Mrs. Guernsey, 
and a dedicatory prayer by our former Chaplain 
General, Miss Elisabeth Pierce. The cere- 
monies closed with the singing of " America," 
accompanied by cornetist, Mr. Walter F. Smith. 

It was a satisfaction to all that our Honorary 
Chaplain General, Mrs. Mary S. Lockwood, 
was able to be present and witness this signifi- 
cant event in the history of the Society which 
she helped to found. The addresses and list 
of articles are given in full in the magazine. 

From this ceremony your President General 
and many members of your National Board of 
Management motored to the home of our 
Corresponding Secretary General, Mrs. Elliott, 
in Ellicott City, Maryland, where they enjoyed 
her cordial hospitality at luncheon, followed by 
a reception and musical entertainment. From 
there your President General drove to Lancas- 
ter, Pennsylvania, to attend a dinner and 
luncheon in her honor and a meeting of 
Donegal Chapter on October 20th, and went 
thence to a luncheon and meeting of Essex 
Chapter in Orange, New Jersey, the Regent 
of which is Mrs. Thomas A. Edison. After 
the meeting she was privileged to pay a visit 
to Mr. Edison in his laboratories, where a 
memorable half hour was spent with this far- 
famed scientist. 

On October 24th your President General had 
the pleasure of attending the Pennsylvania 
State Conference at Reading, but a severe cold 




obliged her to return home from there, can- 
celling most regretfully her engagements to be 
present at the State Conferences of Massachu- 
setts, North Carolina, South Carolina, Texas 
and Tennessee, which followed in quick suc- 
cession, and which she had planned to attend. 

A second event of historic note in which our 
Society took part officially was the burial of 
America's Unknown Soldier at Arlington on 
Armistice Day, November 11th. On the day 
preceding this ceremony your President General, 
accompanied by other National Officers, placed 
a wreath, in the name of the National Society, 
on the bier of the Unknown Soldier in the 
Capitol where he lay in state, saying as she did 
so, " With deep reverence I place this wreath 
in the name of the Daughters of the American 
Revolution, in grateful remembrance of 
America's glorious dead — to you our unknown 
soldier, to you, and to all who made the 
supreme sacrifice, we pay reverent and ever- 
lasting tribute. We as a Society are determined 
that your sacrifice shall not be in vain. We 
here consecrate ourselves to carry on the cause 
for which you so nobly gave your life." 

It was with deep and reverent satisfaction 
that your President General paid our Society's 
tribute of gratitude to America's Unknown 
Dead, as she had done for the Unknown 
Soldiers of Great Britain and France. The 
inscription on the wreath placed on the coffin 
was as follows : " In grateful remembrance 
of America's sacred dead, who made the 
supreme sacrifice for liberty. 

We pay reverent and everlasting tribute to 
their memory. 

National Society, Daughters of the American 

The next day a large delegation from our 
Society, consisting mostly of District of Colum- 
bia Daughters, marched in the parade escorting 
the hero's body to Arlington. Five seats in the 
amphitheatre at Arlington were allotted to our 
Society by the Government for the ceremonies 
there. These were distributed to National Offi- 
cers. Owing to a blockade at the bridge we 
were forced to wait two hours before we could 
cross, and when we reached the cemetery the 
crowd was so great we were unable to get 
to our seats. 

On the 12th, the day following the Arlington 
ceremonies, occurred that great event which 
will carry our Society down into history as long 
as history endures — the opening session of the 
Conference on Limitation of Armament and 
Far Eastern questions in Memorial Continental 
Hall. Those who were at the October Board 
meeting will remember that your President 
General made announcement at that time that 
the United States Government would make use 
of the Auditorium of Memorial Continental 

Hall for all the public meetings of the Limita- 
tion of Armament Conference, and requested 
that this information be held in strictest confi- 
dence until the fact was made public by the 
Secretary of State. Your President General 
desires to compliment you upon the faithfulness 
with which you kept the secret of an announce- 
ment which filled us all with so much pride 
and pleasure. Soon after that, the Department 
of State began preparing the interior of the 
Auditorium for the Confrence, taking out the 
central seats, building the false flooring and 
making minor alterations, all which need not 
be entered upon here. It is sufficient to report 
that the Department bears all the expenses of 
alteration and of course agrees to restore the 
Auditorium as it was before and leave every- 
thing there and about the building in perfect 
condition. A few days before the opening of 
the Conference, Secretary of State Hughes tele- 
phoned that he desired to meet your President 
General and Mrs. Hanger when he came here 
to inspect the place where the Conference would 
be held. He came, together with Mr. Lodge, 
Mr. Root and Mr. Underwood, and they all 
expressed to your President General the warm- 
est appreciation of your act of courtesy in 
loaning the building and highly praised the 
building itself and its perfect adaptation to the 
uses of the Conference. 

It is due the Chairman of your Building and 
Grounds Committee, Mrs. Hanger, to say here, 
that she has carried on all the negotiations with 
the Government officials relative to the turning 
over of our building to the State Department 
in a most satisfactory and efficient way. It 
has been no small task to adjust our own offices 
in order to turn our building over to the Gov- 
ernment, and I want to express my personal 
gratitude to her here and now. All credit 
should be given to Mrs. Hanger for this im- 
portant service. I want also to express my 
warm appreciation to all the National Officers 
for their splendid cooperation in connection with 
this loaning of our building to the Government ; 
it has inconvenienced many of you, but you have 
borne this inconvenience and our business, 
through your splendid cooperation, has 
gone on as before. Then, too, my apprecia- 
tion is expressed to the clerks, who have 
worked so cheerfully and well under most 
trying surroundings. 

On February 3rd a notable meeting held in 
Memorial Continental Hall was that known as 
the " Business Meeting of the Government 
Departments " for which the Government re- 
quested the use of the auditorium. At this 
meeting addresses were made by President 
Harding and General Dawes, on the subject of 
Government Economy and Thrift. To this 
meeting your President General and all National 



Officers who were in the city were invited. 
The heads of about 1000 Government depart- 
ments were present. 

Your President General has been honored 
with a place in the box of the wife of the 
Secretary of State, Mrs. Hughes, at all the 
plenary sessions and has been given a limited 
number of tickets for each session, which she 
has tried to distribute to as many members of 
the Board as she could reach, so that every one 
who could come might have the opportunity 
to attend at least one session. Your President 
General has been present at all but one. She 
feels it is fitting to refer here to the two final 
sessions, the one on February 4th, at which all 
business was concluded, and the treaties finally 
agreed to, and the other on February 6th, at 
which these momentous treaties were signed. 

On February 4th, Secretary of State Hughes 
brought the proceedings to a close in a 
memorable speech, the concluding words 
of which follow : 

" And now our grateful thanks to the 
Daughters of the American Revolution (ap- 
plause), particularly to Airs. Minor, the Presi- 
dent General, and Mrs. Hanger, the Secretary 
General, for permitting us to meet in this 
commodious building where we are the guests 
of this important patriotic organization. 

" This building has many memories, but I 
trust in the opinion of the Daughters of the 
American Revolution, it is now invested with 
a special sanctity and with a most precious 
memory, because here the spirit of democracy 
which they desire to see supreme has been 
evidenced in our collaboration together as 
representatives of great peoples, in order that 
we may have in place of a worse than fruitless 
competition a generous cooperation expressive 
not of the sinister ambitions of despotic gov- 
ernments, but of the true spirit of the peoples 
represented in these democratic governments, 
and it is that spirit which we, as representa- 
tives, have sought here to evince, because 
whatever governments want, the peoples of the 
earth want, justice, peace and security." 
(Applause.) This building will indeed be 
invested with a special sanctity and with a 
most precious memory. 

" This gracious acknowledgment of your 
courtesies to the Government deserves our 
deepest appreciation." 

It was pointedly addressed to your President 
General, to whom the Secretary turned where 
she was sitting in the box behind him. Then, 
turning back to the audience, he spoke the 
words quoted above, and these words ended the 
final business session of the great Conference 
on the Limitation of Armament. 

On Monday, the 6th, the signing of the 
treaties in this Hall and the President's farewell 

speech, have placed our building among the 
famous buildings of history where epoch- 
making treaties have been signed. As I have 
said on other occasions, the distinction that is 
ours because of these events and the fact that 
we have been of service to the Government 
should be cause for sincere satisfaction. 

Three special Board meetings for admission 
of members and authorization of chapters have 
been held, and also two meetings of your 
Executive Committee at all of which your 
President General has presided. 

On November 28th, your President General 
attended the dedication at Plymouth and Boston 
of the new canopy erected by the National 
Society of the Colonial Dames of America 
over Plymouth Rock. It was a three days' 
celebration of much dignity and distinction. 
At this time she took die opportunity to meet 
Mr. Lord and Mr. Kendall on business con- 
nected with our Pilgrim memorial fountain. 
Nothing definite transpired then, nor has since 
in regard to the choice of site on which the 
beginning of our work of erection depends. 
The delay of those in authority to take action 
on this matter is all that prevents our beginning 
the construction of it at once. This is to be 
regretted, but it is hoped that a decision will 
soon be forthcoming. Your President General 
has visited the Administration Building from 
time to time and watched all stages of its con- 
struction. She urges you to visit it also at this 
time and see its good progress for yourselves. 
A detailed report will be furnished later by the 
Chairman of your building committee, Mrs. 
Guernsey, hence it is not necessary to say more 
at this time other than to express satisfaction 
with the progress and quality of the work. 

On December 1st your President General 
visited Connecticut to attend a meeting of the 
State Council of the Connecticut D.A.R. called 
to consider business relating to this Board Room 
in Memorial Continental Hall, and again on 
January 13th to attend the regular meeting of 
Connecticut Chapter Regents and Treasurers 
which took final action in this matter. A full 
statement of this case will be made to this 
Board, when the recommendation relating to it 
is presented in the report of your Execu- 
tive Committee. 

Your President General had the pleasure of 
attending two balls given by chapters in the 
District of Columbia ; also a few Chapter meet- 
ings and social functions, including the reception 
at the British Embassy in honor of the delegates 
to the Limitation of Armament Conference, and 
the reception at the White House in honor of 
the judiciary. 

She also attended a meeting in the interests of 
conservation and thrift held under the auspices 
of the District of Columbia Daughters at the 



Willard on January 20th, on which occasion it 
was her privilege to speak. 

A very notable occasion in which your Presi- 
dent General took part as the official representa- 
tive of our Society was the unveiling of the 
equestrian statue of Joan of Arc on Meridian 
Hill in this city by " Le Lyceum Societe des 
Femmes de France a New York." This statue 
is a gift to the women of America from the 
Women of France. It was a signal honor that 
our Society should have been selected to accept 
this gift for all the women of America as the 
most representative of American women's socie- 
ties, and your President General was accord- 
ingly invited to make the speech of acceptance. 
Hon. John W. Weeks, Secretary of War, 
accepted it for the United States Government. 
The presentation was made by Mme. Polifeme, 
president and founder of " Le Lyceum " and 
the unveiling was by Mrs. Warren G. Harding 
and Mme. Jusserand. An address was like- 
wise made by M. Jusserand. It was a very 
noteworthy and brilliant occasion, and was 
preceded by a very enjoyable luncheon at the 
French Embassy, to which your President 
General was also invited. 

On January 12th your President General, in 
company with Mrs. Morris, Vice President 
General from Minnesota, and Chairman of the 
Historic Spots Committee, called on Secretary 
of War Weeks, in the interests of our York- 
town Bill, and was very cordially received. 
The Secretary expressed sympathy with the 
bill, and said he would speak a good word for 
it to the Committee before which it is to come 
for hearing. 

On January 17th, Benjamin Franklin's 
birthday was quite universally celebrated, and 
this Society was invited by the New York 
Printers' Association to participate in a cele- 
bration to be held at the Franklin Statue in 
Park Row and to place a wreath, together with 
many other patriotic organizations and different 
societies. Accepting the invitation, your Presi- 
dent General requested the Regent of the New 
York City Chapter, Mrs. Alfred W. Cochran, 
to obtain for and place in the name of the 
National Society a suitable wreath, which she 
did ; placing one also in the name of her Chap- 
ter, to honor this great American patriot. 

In spite of the raising of the initiation fee 
from $1 to $5, members are joining in ever- 
increasing numbers. This is most gratifying 
and gives us an even greater and wider power 
for service. 

Respectfully submitted, 

Anne Rogers Minor, 

President General. 

The President General stated that just after 
the final meeting of the Limitation of Arma- 

ment Conference on Monday one of the 
secretaries of Secretary of State Hughes 
brought to her the box containing the pen with 
which Mr. Hughes had signed the treaties, 
stating that the Secretary of State wished to 
present it to the Daughters of the American 
Revolution. The pui was taken out of the box 
and shown, and the President General read the 
description of the pen which had been furnished 
by the government. The President General 
also stated that having ascertained that if a 
gavel were furnished it would be used during 
the Conference, she had purchased one for the 
use of Secretary Hughes, it had been used at 
every session, and it gave her great pleasure 
to prevent it to the National Society to be 
preserved in the Museum. The following let- 
ter was then read by the President General : 

Conference on the Limitation of Armament 
Office of the Secretary General. 

February 7, 1922. 
My dear Mrs. Minor: 

I am sending you herewith copy of the 
minutes of the sixth Plenary Session of the 
Conference, containing amongst other things 
that portion of Mr. Hughes' address where he 
thanked the Daughters of the American Revo- 
lution for the use of Memorial Continental 
Hall. You will find the remarks on pages Nos. 
407 and 408. 

I hope you will permit me to add one word 
from the standpoint of the Secretariat General. 
We have met with such courtesy from you, 
from the ladies of the National Board of 
Management, and from all the personnel of the 
Memorial Continental Hall that the privilege 
of using your beautiful hall will remain always 
a very happy memory with all of us. 
Very sincerely yours, 

John W. Garrett, 
Secretary General. 
Airs. George Maynard Minor, 

President General, 
National Society, Daughters of the American 

Revolution, Washington, D. C. 

There being no objection, the President 
General's report was accepted. Moved by 
Mrs. Buel, seconded by Mrs. Nash, Miss Temple 
and Mrs. W. O. Spencer, and carried, that this 
Board express its most appreciative thanks to 
Secretary of State Hughes for the gift of this 
very historic pen. Mrs. Denmead moved that a 
vote of thanks be given to the President General 
for the gavel she presented to the National 
Society. Seconded by Mrs. Fitts and Mrs. 
Bahnsen and carried. 

The President General stated that word had 
just come to her that the Parliamentarian of 
the National Society, Mrs. Anderson, was in 



the building — she had come down to Washington 
to be at the service of the Board in the matter 
of proposing such amendments to the By-laws 
as might come up. Mrs. Guernsey moved 
that the courtesy of the Board be extended to 
Mrs. William Anderson, our Parliamentarian 
to be present at the meeting of the Board. 
Seconded by Airs. Hanger and carried. 

Mrs. Elliott then read Mrs. Yawger's 
report as follows : 

Report of Recording Secretary General 
Madam President General and Members of the 
National Board of Management : 

Since the meeting on October 18th last the 
routine work of the office has gone forward as 
usual, despite the inconvenience which this office 
suffered with others in moving all our working 
equipment to another part of the building to 
make room for the Limitation of Arma- 
ment Conference. 

The minutes of the regular meeting of 
October 18th and of the special meetings of 
November 18th, December 20th, and January 
31st, were duly prepared for the magazine. 
Copies of the rulings of the regular meetings 
were sent to all offices, and the notification 
cards signed by your Recording Secretary 
General were promptly mailed to the 5122 new 
members admitted at the meetings prior to that 
of January 31st. 

The official notices, letters of sympathy, 
regret, and condolence in connection with the 
meetings were duly sent out. 

The notices to members of the various 
Board meetings were sent out, as well as notices 
for the meetings of the Executive Committee 
held November 15th and January 23rd. 

Two hundred and fourteen orders for Block 
Certificates have been filled. 

Certificates of membership numbering 1505 
have been prepared for mailing since the last 
regular meeting. 

Rita A. Yawger, 
Recording Secretary General. 

There being no objection, the report was 

The following recommendations were also 
read by Airs. Elliott : 

Recommendations of Executive Committee 
November 15, 1921 : 

Approval of the findings of the Special Com- 
mittee appointed by the President General to 
look into the matter of the Major William 
Overton Callis Chapter in regard to the funds 
raised for the reconstruction of Tilloloy, and 
the Recording Secretary General instructed to 
write a letter informing the Major William 
Overton Callis Chapter of the decision that 

" the funds so raised, for this purpose, which 
have been used for this reconstruction, stand 
as the rightful use of this fund." 

That the manner of free distribution of the 
Manual of the United States for Immigrants 
be left to the judgment of the President Gen- 
eral and the Chairman of the Committee on the 
Preparation and Distribution of the Manual. 

That the temporary clerks be paid for a full 
day on Saturday, November 12th, when the 
offices were closed for half the day, because of 
the opening of the Conference upon the 
Limitation of Armament being held in 
our building. 

That Airs. Brougham be paid 55 cents an 
hour for temporary work. 

That all literature sold by different 
committees be also placed on sale in the 
Business Office. 

January 23, 1922 : 

The adoption by the National Board of Man- 
agement of the following resolution : 

Whereas, The Connecticut Daughters of the 
American Revolution have agreed to reimburse 
the National Society for the $6000 paid by Mrs. 
Alanson, through that State, for the Board 
Room, and 

Whereas, A fund of $1000 was given by 
Airs. Alanson to the National Society in the 
nature of a trust, the income of which was to 
be used for the upkeep of the room, which 
fund is still intact. 

Resolved, That the National Society, 
Daughters of the American Revolution, accept 
the offer of settlement made in the pending case 
of Alanson et al versus Daughters of the 
American Revolution, which proposes repay- 
ment of the seven thousand dollars ($7000) and 
accumulated interest, if any, on the invested 
portion thereof, it being understood that upon 
completion of the payments the tablet in the 
Board Room erected by Mrs. Alanson will be 
removed, and that it is further understood 
that the foregoing proposition is accepted as a 
compromise and is not in prejudice of the rights 
of the defendants. 

That Volumes 60, 61, and 62 of the 
Lineage Book be contracted for at the best 
price obtainable. 

The employment of regular counsel on a 
retaining fee for one year. 

The acceptance of the offer of Alessrs. 
Minor, Gatley and Rowland, inasmuch as their 
services in the past have been acceptable and 
they have been highly recommended by our 
Advisory Committee. 

That the Registrar General be granted 
two typewriters. 

The issuing and placing on sale of official 
postcards of the Limitation of Armament 



Conference and the painting of Troopships by 
Frederick J. Waugh. 

That the Chief Clerks should report to the 
Executive Manager, in the absence of their 
National Officers, any necessity for over- 
time work. 

The approval of the request of the Organiz- 
ing Secretary General for a third permanent 
clerk in her office, as provided for in Rule 11 ; 
and that Miss Elena Marseglia be placed upon 
the permanent roll February 1st in the office 
of the Organizing Secretary General at a salary 
of $75 per month, since she has served satis- 
factorily on the temporary roll in that office 
for several months. 

Granting the request of Miss Nettleton, 
Chairman of the House Committee, that a 
stenographer be engaged and placed at the dis- 
posal of the Chairman of the House Committee, 
beginning April 15th, and continuing through 
this (thirty-first) Congress. 

Moved by Mrs. Guernsey, seconded by Mrs. 
Buel, and carried, that we approve the action 
of the Executive Committee of November 15th. 

The recommendation of the Executive Com- 
mittee at their meeting held January 23rd 
relative to the Board Room was then taken up 
and the President General read the follow- 
ing statement : 

Statement by the President General Relative 
to the Board Room 

In view of the fact that many of the more 
recent members of this Board have little or no 
knowledge of the history of the Board Room 
and the controversy which arose in regard to 
the marking on the label over the door leading 
into it from the outer corridor, it is only fair 
and proper that a brief outline of events should 
be presented to this Board in order that it may 
act with intelligence. Therefore the following 
narrative is presented for your information. 

In 1910 the sum of $6000 was given by Mrs. 
John T. Manson, of New Haven, Connecticut, 
for the finishing and furnishing of the Board 
Room in memory of her Revolutionary ances- 
tors. A memorial tablet in the room gives their 
names and the names of the donor. The check 
for the $6000 was presented to the Congress 
of 1910 in behalf of Mrs. Manson by the State 
Regent of Connecticut, Mrs. John Laidlaw Buel. 

In October, 1911, the National Board of 
Management voted to carry out the motion made 
at the previous meeting in June, that all rooms 
in Continental Hall be marked with a label in 
the corridor over the door of each, bearing 
the name of the office and of the State by or 
through which the room had been given. This 
was in accordance with a plan of many years' 
standing. Under this vote the Board Room 
was marked " Board Room — Connecticut." 

About three years or so later, this marking 
came to the attention of Mrs. Manson to whom 
it was not pleasing, inasmuch as it appeared to 
her to give the misleading impression that the 
room was Connecticut's gift and not hers. 

In April, 1915, she therefore applied to Mrs. 
William dimming Story, then President 
General, to have the name " Connecticut " 
removed. This was done, and inasmuch as 
Connecticut entered a protest, a controversy 
ensued, the history of which is familiar to all 
who were in active office at the time, and which 
it is not Connecticut's desire nor the National 
Society's desire to reopen. The matter was 
finally decided against Connecticut by vote of 
the National Board of Management in 
January, 1916. 

In April, 1916, suit was brought against the 
National Society by representatives of Mrs. 
Manson in the form of a bill of complaint 
praying for an injunction restraining the 
National Society from ever replacing the name 
of Connecticut over the Board Room door. 
Ever since then this case has been pending in 
the courts in Washington, D. C. 

In 1917, Mrs. George Thacher Guernsey, 
having become President General and acting 
under advice of counsel, replaced the name 
" Connecticut " in its original position over 
the door, where it remains to-day. This action 
was unanimously sustained by the National 
Board of Management in October, 1917. 

Recently the other side has made an offer of 
settlement out of court which proposes that the 
National Society repay to the Manson estate 
the sum of $7000 given by the late Mrs. Manson 
for the Board Room, $6000 of it being the 
aforesaid sum given through Connecticut and 
$1000 given later through Mrs. Story, then 
President General, for an endowment fund for 
the upkeep of the room. It was further pro- 
posed by the lawyers of the other side that 
repayment be made of " such interest as may 
have accumulated up to the time of settlement 
upon the portion of the fund which has been 
invested, it being of course understood that upon 
the completion of such payments the tablet in 
the Board Room erected by Mrs. Manson will 
be removed," and it being further " understood 
that the foregoing proposition is made solely 
with a view to a compromise of the pending 
litigation, and is not in prejudice of any rights 
of the plaintiffs." (See letter of October 26, 
1921, from Messrs. Peedle and Ogilby, lawyers 
for the plaintiffs.) 

Our Society's lawyers have advised us that 
taking into consideration all the facts and 
circumstances of the case they feel that a 
settlement such as has been suggested would 
be a desirable thing to bring about. (See corre- 
spondence filed with this statement.) 



As a next step it was necessary for the 
National Society to approach the Connecticut 
Daughters of the American Revolution for the 
purpose of finding out if they would be willing 
to reimburse our Society for the $6000 paid 
through Connecticut in the event of its accept- 
ing this offer, for obviously the National Society 
has no funds out of which this $6000 could be 
repaid, it having been of course spent on the 
room and the furnishings. The $1000 endow- 
ment fund is of course intact, and can be repaid 
with its unspent interest at any time. 

Consequently your President General pre- 
sented this matter to Connecticut at a meeting 
of the State Council held on December 1, 1921. 
The Council unanimously voted to present the 
following recommendation to the regular meet- 
ing of Connecticut Chapter Regents and Treas- 
urers called for January 13, 1922 : 

" That the Council recommend to the 
Chapter Regents and Treasurers at their 
January meeting that the Connecticut 
Daughters of the American Revolution repay 
the sum of $6000 to the National Society, 
Daughters of the American Revolution, for 
the Board Room in the event of the National 
Society's acceptance of the offer of settle- 
ment in the pending case of Manson ct al. 
versus the National Society, Daughters of 
the American Revolution, it being understood 
that the foregoing proposition is accepted as 
a compromise and is not in prejudice of the 
rights of the defendants." 
The above recommendation was adopted 
unanimously by a rising vote at the aforesaid 
meeting of Chapter Regents and Treasurers. 

It is moreover understood that in passing 
the above vote Connecticut agrees to this repay- 
ment only in the event of the National Society's 
accepting the offer of settlement, and provided 
that the aforesaid memorial tablet erected by 
Mrs. Manson in the Board Room is removed, 
and that the stand heretofore taken by Con- 
necticut relative to the Board Room is not 
prejudiced by this compromise settlement. 

Under these conditions your President Gen- 
eral understands that the Connecticut Daughters 
of the American Revolution stand ready to pay 
this sum of $6000 for the Board Room cash 
down at any time, and thus retain this room 
for Connecticut. 

Mrs. Hunter moved that the recommendation 
made by the Executive Committee in regard to 
the Board Room be adopted: 

The adoption of the following resolutions 
Whereas, The Connecticut Daughters of the 
American Revolution have agreed to reimburse 
the National Society for the $6000 paid by Mrs. 
Manson, through that State, for the Board 
Room, and 

Whereas, a fund of $1000 ivas given by Mrs. 

Manson to the National Society in the nature 
of a trust, the inconie of which was to be used 
for the upkeep of the room, ivhich fund is 
still intact. 

Resolved, That the National Society, 
Daughters of the American Revolution, accept 
the offer of settlement made in the pending 
case of Manson ct al. versus Daughters of the 
American Revolution, which proposes repay- 
ment of the seven thousand dollars ($7000) and 
accumulated interest, if any, on the invested 
portion thereof, it being understood that upon 
completion of the payments the tablet in the 
Board Room, erected by Mrs. Manson, zuill be 
removed, and that it is further understood thai 
the foregoing proposition is accepted as a com- 
promise and is >iot in prejudice of the rights of 
the defendants. 

The motion of Mrs. Hunter was seconded by 
Miss Serpell, and carried by rising vote unani- 
mously. Moved by Miss Coltrane, seconded by 
Miss Temple and carried, that the Treasurer 
General be authorized, and she is hereby 
directed, to carry out the terms of this vote. 
Mrs. Buel stated that it was with extreme 
gratification that she presented for Connecticut 
a check to the Treasurer General for $6000. 
Mrs. Elliott moved that a rising vote of thanks 
and congratulation be given Connecticut for 
their generous gift of $6000 for the Board 
Room. This was numerously seconded and 
carried by a unanimous rising vote. 

The further recommendations of the Execu- 
tive Committee at their meeting held January 
23, 1922, were then taken up as follows : That 
Volumes 60, 61, and 62 of the Lineage Book 
be contracted for at the best price obtainable. 
Adoption of the recommendation moved by 
Miss Temple, seconded by Mrs. Perkins, and 
carried. The employment of regular counsel 
on a retaining fee for one year: the acceptance 
of the offer of Messrs. Minor, G alley and 
Roivland, inasmuch as their services in the past 
have been acceptable and they have been highly 
recommended by our Advisory Committee. The 
President General read the following letter 
from Mr. Minor, of the firm of Minor, Gatley 
and Rowland, who, she took occasion incident- 
ally to inform the members, was no relative of 
hers or her husband, but was the lawyer em- 
ployed by the previous administration and she 
had availed herself of his legal knowledge when 
occasion for such service arose. 

Mrs. George Maynard Minor, 

President General, Daughters of the Ameri- 
can Revolution. 
Dear Mrs. Minor : 

I have conferred with my partners in regard 
to the wish of the National Society to employ 
counsel on a retainer and considering the char- 



acter of the services, which would be principally 
that of advising with you and the other mem- 
bers of the Society, we are of the opinion and 
are willing to serve you in this capacity for an 
annual retainer of $500. This amount, however, 
is not to include any services of an extraordi- 
nary nature, such as court litigation, prepara- 
tion of important legal papers or services 
requiring our absence from the city. 
Yours very truly, 

Benj. S. Minor. 

Moved by Mrs. Guernsey seconded by Mrs. 
St. Ciair, and carried, that this recommendation 
of the Executive Committee be approved. The 
adoption of the recommendation that the Regis- 
trar General be granted two type-writers was 
moved by Mrs. Bahnsen, seconded by Miss 
McDuffee, and carried. With regard to the 
recommendation for the issuing and placing on 
sale of official postcards of the Limitation of 
Armament Conference and the painting of 
Troopships by Frederick J. Waugh, the Presi- 
dent General stated that many inquiries had 
come from Daughters visiting the Hall for 
such postcards and estimates had been secured. 
During the discussion it appeared that many 
of the members desired that there should be 
postcards of the pen with which, and the table 
on which, the treaties were signed, and it was 
explained that while estimates had been secured 
only for postcards of the auditorium in which 
the Conference had met, the wording of the 
recommendation would not preclude the issuing 
of postcards covering any of the features of the 
Limitation of Armament Conference. Mrs. 
Sherrerd moved the adoption of this recom- 
mendation. Seconded by Mrs. St. Clair and 
carried. The adoption of the recommendation 
that the Chief Clerks should report to the 
Executive Manager, in the absence of their 
National Officers, any necessity for over-time 
work, was moved by Miss Strider, seconded 
by Mrs. Elliott, and carried. In considering 
the recommendation of the Executive Commit- 
tee for approval of the request of the Organiz- 
ing Secretary General for a third permanent 
clerk in her office as provided in Rule 11; and 
that Miss Elena Marseglia be placed upon the 
permanent roll February 1st in the office of the 
Organizing Secretary General at a salary of 
$75 per month, since she has served satisfac- 
torily on the temporary roll in that office for 
several months. Mrs. White requested that 
she be permitted as Chairman of the Sub- 
Committee on Clerks to add two names to 
provide for two clerks in the Treasurer Gen- 
eral's office, that of Mrs. Boston and Miss 
Green to be placed upon the permanent roll 
February 1st in the office of the Treasurer 
General at a salary of $75 per month, they 

having served satisfactorily on the temporary 
roll in that office for several months. The 
adoption of the recommendation with the addi- 
tions was moved by Mrs. St. Clair, seconded 
by Mrs. Barrett, and carried. Mrs. Young 
moved the adoption of the recommendation 
granting the request of Miss Ncttlcion, Chair- 
man of the House Committee, that a stenog- 
rapher be engaged a)id placed at the disposal 
of the Chairman of the House Committee, 
beginning April 15th, and continuing through 
this Thirty-first Congress. 

Miss Strider then read her report. 

Report of Organizing Secretary General 
Madam President General and Members of the 
National Board of Management : 
Two hundred and fifty applications presented 
to the Board and 1140 supplemental papers veri- 
fied; 1390 total number of papers verified. 

Permits issued for 1456 insignias ; 548 
ancestral bars, and 1400 recognition pins. 

Papers examined and not yet approved : 827 
originals and 460 supplemental. 

Papers returned unverified : 14 originals, 21 
supplemental ; 1140 new records verified. 
Respectfully submitted, 

Emma T. Strider, 
Registrar General. 

Moved by Miss Strider, seconded by Mrs. 
Hanger, and carried, that the secretary be in- 
structed to cast the ballot for the admission of 
250 applicants for membership in the Society. 
The Recording Secretary General pro 1cm. 
announced the casting of the ballot and the 
President General declared the 250 applicants 
members of the National Society. 

Mrs. Hanger now read her report as Organ- 
izing Secretary General. 

Report of Registrar General 

Madam President General and Members of the 
National Board of Management : 
I have the honor to report as follows : 
Through their respective State Regents the 
following members at large are presented for 
confirmation as Organizing Regents: Mrs. 
Julia Humphreys Boyd, Adairsville, Ga. ; Mrs. 
Lulah Robertson Prentice, Morganfield, Ky. ; 
Mrs. Alice Paul Smoot, Camden on Gauley, 
W. Va. 

The following Organizing Regencies have 
expired by time limitation : Mrs. Anna Fentress 
Smead, Camden, Ark. ; Mrs. Blanche C. 
Dorman, Nashville, Ark. ; Mrs. Elsie Colcock 
Moore, Pine Bluff, Ark. ; Mrs. Rebecca Dobbs 
Sharpe, Red Bluff. Calif.; Mrs. Clara H. B. 
Owings, Mt. Sterling, Ky. ; Mrs. Mary Pace 
Wall, Murphysboro, 111. ; Mrs. Genevieve F. W. 
Wolfram, Des Plaines, 111. ; Mrs. Nellie Maria 


Merritt, Dorchester. Mass. ; Airs. Ella C. The report of the Organizing Secretary 

Bennett Viele, Carnegie, Pa. General was approved as read. In the course 

The following chapters have reported organ- of a discussion as to the organization of chap- 

ization since the last Board meeting: Chapter ters and their confirmation by the Board, the 

„ , T1 , .— . . Tji 1 „* „„a Parliamentarian stated that under the present 

at Petersburg, 111. ; Chapter at Blackstone and , . * 

T . , ' XT , ~ „ By-laws it did not require confirmation by the 

the Chapter at Ipswich. Mass.; Nancy de Graff ^^ tQ enablc chapters tQ iunction after they 

Toll at Monroe, Mich. ; John Hoyle at Hickory, had complied with the requirements for organ- 

N. C. ; Chancellor Wythe at Ashland, Va. ; i zat i n, but that a by-law would be presented to 

Comte De Grasse at Yorktown, Va. ; Trans- the Board to be acted on at the coming Congress 

Alleghany at Weston, W. Va. so amending the By-laws as to give the Board 

There being no State Regent of Nevada, I the power of confirming or rejecting chapters, 

herewith present the name of Mrs. Harriet S. Mrs. Guernsey protested against the recognition 

Gelder for confirmation as Organizing Regent of chapters without their being confirmed by 

, „ >T j the National Board of Management and asked 

at Reno, Nevada. . , : , , & , . 

_, . , __ _. . . „ ,. that her protest be spread on the minutes. 

Charters jssued 20, Organizing Regents noti- Moyed by Mjss ^^ seconded by Mrs ^ 

fied 86. Permits for Regents and ex-Regents Nash and Mrs St Clair> that Mrs Guernsey > s 

bars issued 79, permits for State Regents bars protest be spread upon the minutes. The 

issued 3. result of the vote showed 32 in favor, two 

Respectfully submitted, opposed, and one not voting. 

(Mrs. G. Wallace W.) Lucy Galt Hanger, Mrs. Hunter read her financial report 

Organizing Secretary General. as follows : 

Report of Treasurer General 

Madam President General and Members of the National Board of Management : 

I herewith submit the following report of receipts and disbursements from October 1, 
1921, to January 31, 1922: 

Balance in Bank at last report, September 30, 1921 $27,077.56 


Annual dues, $109,105; initiation fees, $21,618; supplemental fees, $1753; 
Apostrophe to the Flag, $1.92; certificates, $6; copying lineage, 
$.50; creed cards, $35.92; D.A.R. Reports, $28.27; die of Insignia. 
$.60 ; directory, $2.24 ; duplicate papers and lists, $420.94 ; exchange, 
$2.05 ; hand books, $2.50 ; index to Library books, $1.51 ; Immigrants' 
Manual, sale of copies, $421.53; interest, $320; interest, Life Mem- 
bership fund, $4.25 ; Lineage, $900.31 ; Magazine — subscriptions, 
$6202.50; single copies, $179.61; advertisements, $1747.50; proceed- 
ings, $18.24; remembrance books, $.80; rent from slides, $23.50; 
ribbon, $43.12; sale of waste paper, $1.80; slot machine, $1.30; 
stationery, $17.09; telephone. $11.35; index to Lineage books, $15; 
books for Library, $24; refund, expressage, $.88; refund, ex- 
penses of Conference, Limitation of Armaments, $814.10. 

Total receipts 143.725.3J 



Refunds: annual dues, $1559; initiation fees, $563; supplemental 

f ees, $16 $2138.00 

President General: clerical service, $615.50; hotel and traveling ex- 
penses, $721.61; postage, $30.50; telegrams and expressage, $65.44; 
paper and book, $5.35 1438.40 

Organizing Secretary General: clerical service, $1223.57; engrossing. $9; 
postage, telegrams and telephone, $22.50; regents' lists, $81.47; 
paper and box, $1.95 1338.49 


Recording Secretary General: clerical service,, $940; lists, $15; postage, 

expressage and telegram, $7.72; repairs to dater, $1.25 963.97 

Certificates : clerical service, $382.48 ; certificates, $400 ; engrossing, 

$662.65 ; postage, $160 ; tubes, $75.05 1680.18 

Corresponding Secretary General : clerical service, $438.72 ; postage and 

telegram, $126; paper and expressage, $299.10; scales, $6 869.82 

Registrar General: clerical service, $5481.30; binding records, $111; 

postage, $30; book, cards and permits, $91.05; stamp and pad, $2.05. 5715.40 

Treasurer General: clerical service, $5021.33; cards, copying books and 

paper, $144.86 ; repairs to typewriter, $14.50 5180.69 

Historian General: clerical service, $906.24; paper, $4.48; postage, $3. 913.72 

Reporter General : blanks and circulars 40.01 

Librarian General: clerical service, $817.52; accessions, $17.50; book 

labels, $22> ; postage, expressage and telegram, $7.23 865.25 

Curator General : clerical service, $348.72 ; postage $1 349.72 

General Office : clerical service, $930.64 ; messenger service, $160 ; 
stamped envelopes and postage, $1957.01 ; supplies, $294.21 ; adjust- 
ing typewriters, $10.10; carfare and expressage, $4.79; newspaper 
clippings, $5.81 ; wreaths and flowers, $73 ; Professional service, 

$300 3735.56 

Committees: Building and Grounds — clerical service, $20; postage, $2; 
telegram, $.82; Finance — clerical service, $40; Historical and Liter- 
ary Reciprocity — clerical service, $45 ; folders and clasps, $5 ; Legis- 
lation in U. S. Congress — postage, $8.38 ; Liquidation and Endow — - 
ment — engrossing, $18; postage, $5; paper and envelopes, $23.94; 
National Old Trails Road — circulars, $7.70 ; paper, $9.33 ; Patriotic 
Education — clerical service, $6.75; postage, $26.13; bulletins and cir- 
culars, $50.25; Patriotic Lectures and Slides — lectures, $100; rentals, 
$16; slides, $1.75; postage, $4.35; Philippine Scholarship — reprints 
of reports, $3.50; postage, $20; Preservation of Historic Spots- 
postage, $10; photo, $5; telegram, $5.77 434.67 

Expense Continental Hall : employees pay roll, $3204.25 ; electric cur- 
rent and gas, $392.15; ice and towel service and water rent, $115.94; 
coal, 200 tons, $2490; inspection and repairs to elevator, $32.02; 
supplies, $121.19; evergreens, grass seed and bone meal, $24.15; 

laundering, $3 ; bronze markers on building, $216 6598.70 

Printing Machine Expense : printer, $160 ; electros and plate, $84.84 ; 

ink, $17.40 262.24 

Magazine : Committee — clerical service, $542.42 ; copying books, cards, 
folders, files and paper, $106.84 ; postage, $55 ; telegrams and ex- 
pressage, $8.64 ; Editor — salary, $800 ; stationery, $14.05 ; postage, 
$34.50; book and paper, $8.57; telegrams, $1.52; articles and photos, 
$278 ; Genealogical Editor — salary, $180 ; Printing and mailing Sep- 
tember—December issues, $11,928.50 ; cuts, $889.17 14,847.21 

Auditing accounts 300.00 

D.A.R. Reports : postage 5.00 

Duplicate papers (refunds) 2.00 

Furniture and Fixtures : paper cutter 171.50 

Lineage: Vols. 57 and 58, $3686; old volumes, $17.50; postage and 

expressage, $40.73 3744.23 

Proceedings: clerical service, $6; 2000 copies, $1734.20; postage, $5; 

wrapping and mailing, $263.51 2008.71 

Remembrance books : postage 36.00 

Ribbon 58.88 

Stationery 238.10 

State Regents' postage 254.15 

Support of Real Daughters 696.00 

Telephone 214.95 



20 000.00 




Thirty-first Congress : 

Credential Committee: clerical service $12; postage, $30; paper, 

$4.95 ; stamp and pad, $1.20 48.15 

Total disbursements 

Transferred to Permanent Fund, by order of National Board of 

P alance 

Balance in Bank at last report, September 30, 1921 


Charter fees $100.00 

Administration Building contributions 531.50 

Continental Hall contributions 1460.30 

Liberty Loan contributions 320.50 

Interest— Liberty Loan 3791.19 

Liquidation and Endowment Fund 204.52 

Commissions Insignia $832.50 

Recognition pins 169.20 1001.70 

Inerest : Bonds $45.00 

Bank balances 24.23 69.23 

Total receipts 

Notes payable — National Metropolitan Bank 

Transferred from Current Fund by order of the National Board of 


Administration Building, 4th-7th payments $119,000.00 

Interest — Notes payable 1803.51 

Cerificate of title, tax certificate, preparing trusts and notes, recording 

trusts and survey 265.10 

Total disbursements 121,068.61 

Balance $30,944.18 

Petty Cash Fund $500.00 



Balance September 30, 1921 $16.24 

Receipts 350.00 

Balance $366.24 

immigrants' manual 

Balance, September 30, 1921 $18,699.72 

Receipts 1181.15 





Disbursements — English, Italian and Spanish editions $13,281.65 

Balance $6599.22 


Balance. September 30, 1921 $5923.34 

Receipts 614.15 

Disbursements 2320.88 

Balance 4216.61 


Balance, September 30, 1921 $15,509.45 

Receipts 1545.05 

Disbursements — refunds 202.50 

Balance 16,852.00 


Receipts $15,014.20 

Disbursements 15,014.20 


Balance, Sepember 30, 1921 $16.16 

Receipts 226.00 

Interest 231.38 

Balance 473.54 


Balance, September 30, 1921 121.00 


Balance, September 30, 1921 $63.43 

Receipts 871.00 

Disbursements 768.43 

Balance 166.00 

Total Special Funds $28,794.61 


Funds Bal. 9-30-21 Receipts Disbursements Bal. 1-31-22- 

Current $27,077.56 $143,725.33 $75,149.70 $95,653.19 

Permanent 5,533.85 146,478.94 121,068.61 30.944.18 

Petty Cash 500.00 500.00 

Life Membership 16.24 350.00 366.24 

Immigrants' Manual 18,699.72 1,181.15 13,281.65 6,599.22" 

Painting 5,923.34 614.15 2,320.88 4,216.61 

Pilgrim Mothers' Memorial Fountain 15,509.45 1,545.05 202.50 16 852.00* 


Patriotic Education 

Philippine Scholarship 16.16 

Preservation of Historic Spots 121.00 

Relief Service 63.43 








Totals $73,460.75 $310,237.20 $227,805.97 $155,891.98 


Balance, National Metropolitan Bank $155,391.98 

Petty Cash (In Treasurer General's office) 500.00 

Total $155,891. 


Permanent Fund— Liberty Bonds $100,000.00 

Permanent Fund — Chicago & Alton Bonds 2,314.84 

Permanent Fund — Chicago, Rock Island and Pacific Bond 1,000.00 

Philippine Scholarship Fund — Liberty Bonds 8,200.00 

Life Membership — Liberty Bonds 200.00 



National Metropolitan Bank — by order of the 29th Continental 

Congress $176,000.00 


(Mrs. Livingston L.) Lillian A. Hunter, 

Treasurer General. 

Mrs. White as Chairman of the Finance Lineage (vols. 57-58) 3,686.00 

Committee, read the report of that Committee : Picture of Troopships 2,227 .00 

Proceedings of 30th Continental 

Report of Finance Committee . Congress 1,734.20 

Miscellaneous as itemized in report 

Madam President General and Members of the Q £ Treasurer General 12 016 40 

National Board of Management : The Finance Committee makes' the following 

As Chairman of the Finance Committee I recommendation . « In view of the fact that the 

have the following report to make for the Sodety hag b the Curmit Fund mQre tfmn 

months of October, November, December and $95i00 which will not be needed for immediate 

January. Vouchers approved amounted to $205, use in payment of current expenses and which 

667.97, including $5 014.20 received for Pat- at the present dme js drawing but twQ 

riotic Education, $119,000.00 was paid to the cent we recommend to the National Board of 

contractors of the new office building and other Management that the Treasurer General be 

krge amounts were expended for: authorized to borrow from the Current Fund 

Clerical service $17,767.19 $50,000 which wi]1 be the amount of the De . 

Magazine 14.847.21 

cember and January payments on the Admin- 

Employees of the Hall 3,524.25 istration Building "and' carry it until such 

Postage 2.079.27 time as the money shall be needed for cur- 
Support of Real Daughters 696.00 rent expenses." 

Translating and printing the Manual Respectfully submitted, 

for Immigrants in English, Ital- (Mrs. George W.) Louise C. White. 

lan and Spanish 13,076.25 Chairman, Finance Committee. 



The report of the Auditing Committee was 
read by Miss Coltrane, Chairman. 

Report of Auditing Committee 

Madam President General and Members of the 
National Board of Management : 

I have the honor to report that the Auditing 
Committee has met each month since the Oc- 
tober Board Meeting. The reports of the 
Treasurer General up to and including January 
31, 1922, and the audit thereof, by the American 
Audit Company have been compared, found to 
agree and placed on file with the Recording 
Secretary General. 

Respectfully submitted, 

Jenn Winslow Coltrane, 


Moved by Mrs. Wilson, seconded by Miss 
Serpell, and carried, that the report of the 
Auditing Committee be accepted. Miss Coltrane 
moved that zee express our appreciation to the 
American Audit Company for making their 
audits to suit the convenience of the Treasurer 
General for her report to the Board. This was 
seconded by Mrs. W. O. Spencer and carried. 

Mrs. Hunter called attention to her report 
in which was shown a balance to the credit of 
the Philippine Scholarship Endowment Fund of 
$473.54 and moved that the Treasurer General 
be authorised to invest the balance in the Philip- 
pine Scholarship Fund in Liberty Bonds. This 
was seconded by Miss Coltrane and carried. 
Mrs. Hunter stated that that brought the Fund 
to about $8600, less than $1400 to raise to com- 
plete the $10,000 goal. 

The Treasurer General stated tbat there were 
being held in the Treasurer General's office a 
large number of initiation fees at $1, the papers 
were in the office of the Registrar General and 
had not yet been verified, and in order to clean 
up the offices she moved that the Treasurer Gen- 
eral be authorised to return all initiation fees 
which were received prior to the 30th Congress 
for those application papers which up to Octo- 
ber 1, 1922, cannot be verified. Seconded by 
Miss Coltrane and carried. 

Mrs. White read again the recommendation 
of the Finance Committee — /;; view of the fact 
that the Society has in the Current Fund more 
than $95,000 which will not be needed for im- 
mediate use in payment of current expenses and 
which at the present time is drawing but tivo 
per cent., we recommend to the National Board 
of Management that the Treasurer General be 
authorised to borrow from the Current Fund 
$60,000 which will be the amount of the Decem- 
ber and January payments on the Administration 
Building and carry it until such time as the 
money shall be needed for current expenses. 

On motion of Mrs. Bahnsen, seconded by Mrs. 
Chubbuck, the adoption of the recommendation 
of the Finance Committee was carried. 

Recess was taken for luncheon 1.20. 

The afternoon session was called to order at 
2:20. There being no objections, Miss Crowell, 
Chairman of State and Chapter By-laws, was 
invited by the President General to be present 
during the discussing of the proposed by-laws to 
be submitted to Congress. Copies of proposed 
amendments were distributed among the mem- 
bers, which it was explained had been drawn 
up by the Parliamentarian after a conference 
with the President General and several of the 
National Officers, to which were added one or 
two amendments that seemed to cover points 
which the present By-laws did not cover. Much 
discussion ensued, in which practically every 
member of the Board took part, as to the 
advantages and disadvantages and the proper 
wording of the various suggestions. The fol- 
lowing were voted on and carried as the 
amendments to be proposed by the Board. 

Proposed amendment to the Constitution 

Amend Article III, Section 1. of the Consti- 
tution, by striking out the entire Section and 
substituting the following : 

Any woman is eligible for membership in the 
National Society, Daughters of the American 
Revolution, who is of the age of eighteen 
years, and who is descended from a man or 
woman who, with unfailing loyalty, rendered 
material aid to the cause of American Inde- 
pendence : or is descended from a recognized 
patriot, a soldier, a sailor, or a civil officer in 
the service of one of the several Colonies or 
States, or of the United Colonies or States, 
provided that the applicant be acceptable to 
the Society. 

Proposed Amendments to the By-laws 

Amend Article III, Section 3, by striking out 
the word "publication" and inserting "com- 
pilation," so that said Section of said Article 
as amended will read. 

Section 3. Chaplain General. — The Chaplain 
General shall open all meetings of the Society 
with the reading of Scripture and prayer, and 
shall conduct such religious service as occasion 
may require. She shall have direction of the 
compilation of the Remembrance Book. 

Amend Article III, Section 6, by inserting 
the following sentence after the word "chap- 
ters" in the eighth line : " She shall receive 
from organizing chapters the report of organi- 
zation, verify the same in conjunction with the 
State Regent, and submit such report to the 
National Board of Management for its 
approval or rejection of the organization of the 
Chapter, and shall notify such organizing chap- 
ters and the State Regent of the Board's action 



in this respect." So that said Section of said 
Article as amended will read as follows. 

Section 6. Organizing Secretary General.— 
The Organizing Secretary General shall re- 
ceive through the State Regents all applications 
for authority to organize chapters and appoint 
Organizing Regents, and shall present the same 
to the National Board of Management for its 
action and shall notify the Organizing Regent 
of her appointment, and send instructions. She 
shall, in connection with the respective State 
Regents, have supervision of the organization 
of chapters. She shall receive from organizing 
chapters the report of organization, verify the 
same in conjunction with the State Regent, and 
submit such report to the National Board of 
Management for its approval or rejection of the 
organization of the chapter, and shall notify 
such organizing chapters and the State Regent 
of the Board's action in this respect. She shall 
issue charters, etc., etc. 

Amend Article V, Section 8, by inserting the 
words " of the amount of the initiation fee of 
the National Society and " after the word " pay- 
ment " so that said Section of said Article as 
amended will read as follows : 

Section 8. A member dropped for non-pay- 
ment of dues may be reinstated by the National 
Board of Management only upon the payment 
of the amount of the initiation fee of the 
National Society and of her indebtness to the 
chapter and through the chapter to the National 
Society, or if a member at large, to the 
National Society. 

Amend Article IX, Section 2, by adding the 
following paragraph : 

No chapter by reason of a meeting held for 
the purpose of organizing a chapter under any 
of the provisions of this Section shall be 
deemed to be legally organized or entitled to 
any" of the rights of a duly organized chapter 
until a written report, in duplicate, of such 
organization meeting, on forms to be furnished 
by the National Society, containing the date 
of such organization meeting, the proposed 
name of the chapter, the names and signatures 
of the organizing members and of the officers 
thereof who shall be selected from the organiz- 
ing members, and showing by the certificate 
of some officer of the proposed chapter that a 
majority of the organizing members were pre- 
sent at the organization meeting, shall be sent 
to and verified by the Organizing Secretary 
General in conjuntion with the State Regent, 
and the organization of the chapter approved 
by the National Board of Management. 

Amend Article IX, Section 8, by adding 
the sentence : 

No Chapter whose dues are in arrears to its 
State Conference shall be entitled to represent- 

ation at any meeting of the National Society. 

Amend Article IX, Section 9, by striking out 
all after the words "Registrar General" in line 
7, and substituting the following : " No mem- 
ber shall be entitled to more than one transfer 
in a year. Members at large uniting to form a 
chapter shall not be regarded as a transfer. 
The transfer cards of a member at large to a 
chapter, or of a member of one chapter to an- 
other chapter, shall be presented by the member 
desiring to be transferred, to the chapter with 
which she wishes to unite. If she is accepted 
by the chapter, the transfer shall become effect- 
ive upon the receipt by the Treasurer General of 
a statement from the chapter receiving the 
member to that effect. A transfer of a mem- 
ber of a chapter to a member at large shall at 
once be reported by the chapter to the Treas- 
urer General and shall become effective upon 
its receipt. 

Transfer cards must be accompanied by a 
coi y of the membership application paper. If 
the copy is made by the National Society, a fee 
of one dollar shall be charged the member for 
each copy. 

Amend Article IX, Section 14, by adding the 
following sentences : " A chapter desiring a 
certain name shall present it to the Organizing 
Secretary General who shall submit it to the 
National Board of Management for approval or 
rejection. After a name has been officially 
granted, it shall not be changed by the chapter 
unless permission is granted by the National 
Board of Managment, which shall require a 
two-thirds vote. 

Amend Article IX, Section 16, by striking out 
present section and substituting the following : 

Section 16. Chapters shall send annually to 
their State Regent or State Historian, as each 
State Conference may decide, such reports as 
may be requested by the Reporter General to 
the Smithsonian Institution, these reports being 
obligatory under the charter of the National 
Society, Daughters of the American Revolution. 

Amend Article XI, by adding a Section 4. to 
read as follows : 

Any chapter wilfully violating the rules of 
the National Society or conducting itself so as 
to be discreditable to the organization, may be 
reprimanded, suspended, or disbanded, by the 
National Board of Management, by a two- 
thirds vote, provided the rules of the parlia- 
mentary authority adopted by the Society for 
the trial of members are observed. 

The following amendment from the Mary 
Ball Chapter was presented to the Board and 
discussed. Moved by Mrs. Wilson, seconded 
by Mrs. Sparks, that the amendment offered by 
the Mary Ball Chapter be endorsed. The mo- 
tion was lost. All the requirements as provided 
for in the Bv-laws on amendments having been 



met with, this amendment was ordered printed 
and circulated in accordance with the provisions 
of the By-laws. 

Mary Ball Chapter of Tacoma, Washington, 
proposes the following amendment to Article 
IX, Section 2, (c) changing the last clause 
to read ; 

"And provided cuch additional chapter shall 
contain at least twenty-five (25) members who 
have not previously belonged to any chapter." So 
that said sub-division of said Section shall read; 

(c) In a locality where there is already a 
•chapter an additional chapter may be organized, 
provided the existing chapter or chapters has 
reached a membership of at least fifty, and 
provided the organization of the chapter is ap- 
proved by the State Regent and the National 
Board of Management, and provided such 
additional chapter shall contain at least twenty- 
five members who have not previously belonged 
to any chapter. 

Washington : Helen K. Aetzel, Regent, 
Sacajawea Chapter; Francis S. Jones, Regent, 
Seattle Chapter; Sarah S. Patton, Regent, 
Robert Gray Chapter; Vira W. Masters, Regent, 
Lady Stirling Chapter ; Charlotte W. Reed, 
Regent, Rainier Chapter ; Blanche Lowell Chase, 
Regent, Esther Reed Chapter; Mrs. Henry 
Longstreet, Regent, Alary Ball Chapter. 

Ohio : Amanda L. Messenger, Acting Re- 
gent, Catherine Greene Chapter ; Mrs. Edward 
L. Harris. Vice President General from Ohio ; 
Mrs. William M. Wilson, Ohio State Regent. 

California: Tamalpais Chapter, Ethel New- 
all, Regent ; Sequoia Chapter, Bessie B. Hays, 
Regent : State Regent of California. Sarah 
Foster Harshbarger. 

Montana : Phebe Comfort Anderson, State 
Regent, Montana ; Susie M. Passmore, Regent, 
Silver Bow Chapter ; Lucy Jane Kemper, Cor- 
responding Secretary, Silver Bow Chapter. 

North Dakota : Mrs. George Morley Young, 
North Dakota State Regent ; Mandan Chapter, 
Fannie Taylor Bowers, Regent; Bismark Chap- 
ter, Gladys Eaton Grady, Regent. 

A rising vote of thanks was tendered Mrs. 
Anderson for her assistance. Miss Coltrane 
read her report as Historian General as follows : 

Report of Historian General 

Madam President General and Members of the 
National Board of Management, Daughters 
of the American Revolution : 
Our work of historical interest has been car- 
ried on the past few months with a decided 
increase in enthusiasm and interest, however at 
this time we have little to report. One very 
interesting sketch has been sent to us. It is the 
life of Col. Charles Burrell of Canaan, Connect- 

icut, written by himself at the age of eighty 
years and copied in 1829 from the original by his 
granddaughter, Mrs. Eliza Rockwell Emerson. 
A list of some very valuable marriage records 
has been presented by Miss Cordelia Phifer of 
Charlotte, North Carolina, and we feel much 
work is being done along these lines that will 
appear in a later report. 

The work on the War Service Records is 
being pressed. Since our last report we have 
received twelve volumes, Nebraska, 1 ; Texas, 
2; Oklahoma, 1; Rhode Island, 1; Utah, 1; 
Arizona, 1 ; New Mexico, 1 ; and Kentucky, 4. 
The records of Missouri, Iowa, and New Jersey 
are in process of binding. There remains now 
only eight states who have not reported but we 
are working most diligently to have this work 
completed by Congress. 

The three Vice Chairmen working with the 
Historian General have been most active in 
their cooperation and I am sure fine results will 
be cbtained from their labors. 

It is quite essential that we do not forget to 
perpetuate the memory of our Revolutionary 
ancestors. The work on our Lineage books has 
been more rapid than usual. Volumes 57 and 

58 are now ready for distribution and I urge 
you to notify your chapters regarding these vol- 
umes so that members attending the Congress 
will be prepared to purchase them. Volume 

59 is at the printers and will be finished by 
April 1st. The records for Volumes 60 and 
61 have been prepared and are ready for the 
printer, 62 is in preparation. 

By request of our President General the His- 
torian General's office was asked to preserve 
the newspaper clippings of the Limitation of 
Armament Conference. A scrap book con- 
taining these clippings has been very carefully 
and efficiently compiled and is now ready. 
Respectfully submitted, 

Jexx Winslow Coltraxe. 

Historian General. 
Report accepted. 

The report of the Reoorter General to the 
Smithsonian Institution was read by Mrs. Elliott, 
the Recording Secretary General pro tan. 

Report of Reporter General to Smithsonian 

Madam President General and Members of the 
National Board of Management : 
After meeting with you last October, your 
reporter general snent several busy weeks on 
the report to the Smithsonian Institution, and 
at this time has to report that on December 27th 
the manuscript was mailed to the secretary of 
the Institution, who acknowledged it with a very 
cordial and appreciative letter, and stated that 
it had been passed at once to the printing com- 



mittee. At the same time, the editor of the 
Institution wrote that he hoped to have the 
report ready for distribution at our Congress 
in April. 

Many of the state offices reported promptly 
and satisfactorily, but a considerable number 
were slow and their reports inadequate. Not- 
withstanding the fact that all communications 
emphasized the necessity of sending in reports 
by November 1st, several of them were not re- 
ceived until the middle of December, and one 
historian's report from a prominent state came 
the night of December 23rd — too late to be 
included in my report, since my manuscript had 
to be in the hands of the typist not later than 
December 20th. In such a case, the state can 
only receive credit in the Smithsonian report for 
the work reported by the various committees 
and included in the summary of the proceedings 
of our Congress. 

However, with one or two exceptions, ad- 
equate reports were finally obtained from each 
state in time to be included in the Smithsonian 
report. There was a general desire on the 
part of the state officers to cooperate, and the 
delinquencies were largely due to inexperience. 
Naturally the first report of an officer is a re- 
port of work accomplished during the last year 
of her predecessor's term of office, and in many 
cases it seems that the outgoing officer had not 
been sufficiently careful to pass on proper 
information to her successor. I am working on 
a plan which I hope to discuss with the State 
Regents in April, and which will, I believe, min- 
imize this difficulty. 

Respectfully submitted, 

Lillian M. Wilson, 
Reporter General to Smithsonian Institution. 

There being no objections the report 
was accepted. 

Mrs. Elliott gave the total number of acces- 
sions to the Library from Mrs. Ellison's report, 
the report in detail to be published as usual. 

Report of Librarian General 

Madam President General and Members of the 
National Board : 
I have the honor to report the following 
accessions to the Library : 


From the State Librarian, Miss Mary C. Thurber, 
the following 5 volumes : 

Notable Men of Alabama. J. C. DuBose. 2 vols. 

History of Methodism in Alabama. A. West. 1S93. 

Famous American Men and Women. 1895. 

History of the Confederate States Navy. J. T. Scharf. 


Proceedinas of 18th Annual Conference of the Arkan- 
sas D. A. R., February 3-J h 1921. Presented by the 
Arkansas "Daughters." 


A Century of Vernon, Conn., 1808-1908. 1911. Pre- 
sented by Mrs. J. M. Williams of Orford Parish Chapter. 

A Centennial Sketch of New London. W. H. Starr. 
1876. Presented by Lucretia Shaw Chapter. 

The following 2 volumes presented by Mrs. Sidney H. 
Miner : 

Early History of the First Church of Christ of New 
London, Conn. S. L. Blake. 1897. 

Later nistory of the First Church of Christ of New 
London, Conn. S. L. Blake. 1900. 

District of Columbia 

Biographical Encyclopedia of New Jersey. 1877. Pre- 
sented by Our Flag Chapter. 

The following 3 volumes presented by Mrs. Charlotte 
Emerson Main : 

American Families, Genealogical and Heraldic. W. R. 

Catherine Schuyler. M. G. Humphreys. 1897. 

Margaret Winthrop. A. M. Earle. 1896. 

Harmon Genealogy in New England. A. C. Harmon. 
1920. Presented by Miss Eva Jackson in name of Samuel 
Gorton Chapter. 

'Memories of a Long Life in Virginia. J. II. Moore. 

1920. Presented by Miss Virginia Miller. 


The Moravians in Georgia, 1735-17J/0. A. L. Fries. 
1905. Presented by Commodore Richard Dale Chapter. 

Letters of Eliza Wilkinson. C. Gilman. 1839. Pre- 
sented by Baron De Kalb Chapter. 

Subscription to the Georgia Historical Society Quar- 
terly. Presented by Thronateeska Chapter. 

Americanism. World War History of Troup County, 
Ga. 1919. Presented by Mrs. C. M. Awtrey. 


The following 12 volumes were received through Miss 
Effie Epler, State Librarian : 

History of Bond and Montgomery Counties, III. W. H. 
Perrin. 18S2. Presented by Mrs. Charles Davidson, 
State Historian. 

History of Hancock County, III. C. J. Scofield. 2 vols. 

1921. Presented by Martha Board, Plymouth Rock and 
Shadrack Bond Chapters. 

History of Ogle County, III. H. G. & R. H. Kauff- 
nian. 2 vols. 1909. Presented by Mrs. Frank O. 
Lowden, State Vice Regent. 

History of Iroquois County, III. H. W. Beckwith. 
1880. Presented by Mr. D. C. Secrest. 

History of the English Settlement in Edwards County, 
III., 1817-1818. George Flower. 1882. Presented by 
Mrs. William Beye. 

Reminiscences of Early Chicago. E. O. Gale. 1902. 
Presented by G. Whittier Gale through George Rogers 
Clark Chapter. 

Perrin's History of Illinois. J. N. Perrin. 1906. 
Presented by the author. 

History of Kendall County, III. E. W. Hicks. 1877. 
Presented by State Society. 

Memorial of Rev. David Loy Tressler, Ph. D. 1880. 
Presented b3' Mrs. Mary Tressler Newcomer. 

Autobiography of Gurdon Saltonstall Hubbard. 1911. 
Presented by George Rogers Clark Chapter. 


History of Lake County, Ind., 183^-1872. T. H. Ball. 
1872. Presented by Tippecanoe River Chapter. 


History of Frankfort, Kentucky Cemetery. L. F. 
Johnson. 1921. Presented by Mrs. George Baker. 

Eight Generations of an Ipswich-Paine Family. L. A. 
Carter. 1920. Presented by Mrs. Carrie Stratton Howard. 



Early Settlers of Harrison, Me. G. T. Ridlon. 1877. 
Presented by Mrs. Susan S. Lowell. 

Bangor Historical Magazine, vols. 4 and 5. 1889- 
1890. Presented by Frances Dighton Williams Chapter. 

The following six books presented through Mrs. C. B. 
Porter, State Librarian ; First two presented by Lydia 
Putnam Chapter : 

Historical Sketch and Roster of the Aroostook War, 
1329. 1904. 

Maine in the Northeastern Boundary Controversy. 
1919. H. S. Burrage. 

Next two presented by Esther Eayres Chapter. 

History of the Maine State College and the University 
of Maine. M. C. Fernald. 1916. 

Sketches of Old Town. D. Norton 1881. 

Twenty Years at Pemaquid. J. IT. Cartland. 1914. 
Presented by Mrs. G. H. Hopkins and Mrs. C. H. Wood 
of Frances Dighton Williams Chapter. 

Old Hallowell on the Kennebec. E. H. Nason. 1909. 
Presented by Mary Kelton Dummer Chapter. 

The Centennial History of Waterville, Me. E. C. 
Whittemore. 1902. Presented by Silence Howard Hay- 
den Chapter. 

History of Cumberland County, Me. 1880. Everts 
& Peck. Presented by Mrs. Grace Leadbetter. 


Old Marlborough Sea, Captains. 1915. Presented by 
Brigadier General John Glover Chapter. 

Genealogy of Descendants of Anthony Collamer. 1915. 
Presented by Miss Adaline C. Young, through Chief 
Justice Cushing Chapter. 

Old Scituate. 1921. Published and presented by- 
Chief Justice Cushing Chapter. 

From Prudence Wright Chapter nine volumes were 

Rose of Sharon. S. C. Edgarton. 1842. 

At Home and Abroad. M. F. Ossoli. 185G. Pre- 
sented by Mrs. E. B. Heald. 

Fletcher Genealogy. E. Fletcher. 1871. Presented 
by Mrs. W. H. Merrill. 

Life of Henry Wilson. 1876. Nason and Russell. 
Presented by Mrs. N. W. Appleton. 

Laws of Commonwealth of Massachusetts, 17S0-1S07. 
Vol. 2. Presented by E. A. Williams. 

Washington and His Generals. J. T. Headlev. 2 vols. 

Autobiography of Benjamin Franklin. J. Bigelow, ed. 

Life of Major General Nathanael Greene. W. G. 
Simms. 1S56. The last four volumes presented by 
Miss Annetta S. Merrill. 

History of North Adams, Mass., tt^S-JBRS. W. F. 
Spear. 1885. Presented by Fort Massachusetts Chapter. 

Watertou-n's Military History, t686-1898. 1907. Pre- 
sented by Watertown Chapter. 

From Old Blake House Chapter: 

Memoirs of Roger Clap. 1844. 

Annals of the Town of Dorchester. J. Blake. 1S46. 

From General Benjamin Lincoln Chapter: 

Lives of the Signers of the Declaration of Independ- 
ence. N. Dwight. 1851. 

History of Harvard College. (Vol. 2, Mather's Mag- 
nalia Christi Americana.) 1820. 

Private Correspondence of Daniel Webster. F. Web- 
ster. 2 vols. 1857. 

The following ten books presented bv Mrs. William 
De Y. Field of Paul Revere Chapter: 

History of Middlesex Count)/, Mass. D. H. Hurd. 
3 vols. 1890. 

Records of the Town of Weston, 17!,C,-1803, lSOi-1826. 
1893. 1894. 

Historical Sketch of First Congregational Church in 
Marlborough, Mass. L. A. Field. 1859. 

Sketches of Historic Churches of Greater Boston. 1918. 

Peculiarities of American Cities. W. Glazier. 1886. 

Rise and Fall of the Confederate Government. J. 
Davis. 2 vols. 1881. 

Burials and Inscriptions in the Walnut Street Cem- 
etery of Brookline, Mass. H. A. Cummings. 1920. 
Presented by compiler to Paul Revere Chapter for Library. 

History of the First Church in Roxbury, Mass., 1630- 
1901,. W. E. Thwing. 190S. Presented "bv Mrs. Wil- 
liam De Y. Field. 

The White House Gallery of Official Portraits of the 
Presidents. Presented by General Benjamin Lincoln 

Presented by Abigail Phillips Quincy Chapter: 

Histori/ of Old Braintrce and Quincy. W. S. Pattee. 

Epitaphs from Burial Hill, Plymouth, Mass. B. 
Kingman. 1892. 

Presented by Sarah Deming Society, C. A. R., through 
Peace Party Chapter: 

Boston Common. M. A. Howe. 1921. 

The Berkshire Jubilee. 1845. 

Berkshire Historical and Scientific Society Collections. 
10 vols. Presented by Peace Party Chapter. 


Old Settlers of the Grand Traverse Region. Wait & 
Anderson. 1918. Presented by Mrs. Fred W. Culver. 

Michigan D. A. R. Year Book 1921. Presented by 
Miss Alice Louise McDuffee. 

Presented by Mrs. M. D. M. Bertch : 

Memorials of the Grand River Valley. F. Everett. 

Political History of Michigan. J. V. Campbell. 1876. 

Report of War Work of the D. A. R. of Michigan, 
April, 1915 to April, 1919. Compiled and presented by 
Mis. \V. H. Wait. 

Eighteen books by Michigan authors presented by 
Michigan Daughters for the Michigan Room. 


From Ktewaydin Chapter the following 14 volumes 
donated by Miss Marian W. Moir : 

Histori/ of Merchants' National Bank of New York. 
P. G. Hubert. 1903. 

The National Bank Act. E. Wolcott. 1882. 

Testimony of Attorney-General Brewster xvith Letters 
and Documents. W. M. Springer. 1884. 

Life of Samuel Mill, r, D. D. S. Miller. 2 vols. 1869. 

Life and Letters of Hugh Miller. P. Bayne. 2 vols. 

Memoirs of Mary Lunelle Duncan. 1842. 

Memoirs of Hannah L. Murray. G. Spring. 1849. 

Memorials of Thomas De Witt. 1875. 

Memoirs of Morris C. Sutphen, D. D. 1876. 

Records of a Girlhood. F. A. Kemble. 3 vols. 1878. 

Guilford Genealogy. H. M. Guilford. 1918. Pre- 
sented bv Miss Helen Guilford. 

Presented by Mrs. C. W. Wells: 

Fifty Years of Plymouth Church, Minneapolis, Minn. 

Year Book of Plymouth Congregational Church, Min- 
neapolis, Minn. 


Proceedings of the 3rd Southern Forestry Congress. 
1921. Presented by Belvidere Chapter. 


State Centennial Souvenir Program, 1821-1921. N. T. 
Grove. 1921. Presented by Mrs'. J. B. White. 

New Hampshire 

History of the Town of Cornish. New Hampshire. 
W. H. Child. 2 vols. Presented by Mrs. Austin Tyler. 

New Jersey 

Presented by Orange Mountain Chapter: 

Forty Years at Raritan. A. Messier. 1873. 

History of the Presbyterian Church in 'Trenton, N. J. 
J. Hall. 1859. 

History of Newark, N. J. J. Atkinson. 1878. 

Presented by Mrs. Mott Bedell Vail, Regent of Jersey 
Blue Chapter : 

Collection of Historical Addresses. 

Historical Discourse. T. DeWitt. 1859. 

Historical Sketch of 1st Presbyterian Church, New 
Brunswick, N. J. R. Davidson. 1852 

150th Anniversary 1st Reformed Dutch Church, New 
Brunswick, N. J. R. H. Steele. ]S67. 

Princeton and Its Institutions. J. A. Hagciuan. 2 
vols. 1879. 

Historical Talcs of New York City and State. J. F. 
Watson. 1832. 

History of Burlington and Mercer Counties. Wood- 
ward and Hageman. 1883. 



History of Orange County, N. Y. Ruttenber & Clark. 

National Portrait Gallery. 3 vols. Herring & Long- 
acre. 1S36. 

History of Hudson County. C. II. Winfield. 1874. 

New Mexico 

Military Occupation of Neiv Mexico, 181i6-lS51. R. E. 
Twitchell. 1909. Presented by Jacob Bennett Chapter. 

New York 

History of Greene County, N. Y. 1884. Presented 
bv Mrs. John F. Yawger. 

Anthology of Niagara Falls. C. M. Dow. 1921. 2 
vols. Presented by Ticonderoga Chapter. 

Gloversville. H. Sprague. Presented by Mrs. Louise 
H. De Lamater. 

The Salisburian. E. G. Salisbury. Vol. 1. Pre- 
sented by Mrs. Richard Knight. 

Israel Angell, Colonel of the 2nd Rhode Island Reg- 
iment. L. L. Lovell. 1921. Presented by Mrs. F. H. 
Lovell, the author. 

History of Greenwich, N. Y. E. P. Thurston. 1876. 
Presented by Mrs. Anna N. Rogers of Willard Mt. Chapter. 

History of King's Count)/ and of the City of Brook- 
lyn, N. Y. H. R. Stiles. 2 vols. 1884. Presented by 
Battle Pass Chapter. 

History of Columbia County, N. Y. 1878. Presented 
by Hendrick Hudson Chapter. 

North Carolina 

Through the State Librarian, Mrs. Van Landingham : 

Life of Oliver Hazard Perry. J. N. Niles. 1821. 
Presented by Mrs. John L. Bridgers. 

In Memoriam Mary Love Stringfield Wulbern, 1873. 
1907. Presented by Dorcas Bell Chapter. 

Glowing Embers. Mrs. John Van Landingham. 1922. 
Presented by the author. 


Camp-Fires of the Revolution. H. C. Watson. 1858. 
Presented by Mrs. John Lippelman, Regent Cincin- 
nati Chapter. 


McLoughlin and Old Oregon. E. E. Dye. 1921. 
Presented by Mrs. U. G. Smith. 

Pioneer History of Coos and Curry Counties. Oregon. 
Orvil Dodge. 1898. Presented by Coos Bay Chapter. 

Presented by Quenett Chapter: 

Reminiscences of Eastern Oregon. E. L. Lord. 1903. 
Presented by Mrs. Eva Lord Houghton. 

Crossing the Plains. O. Thomson. 189G. Presented 
by Mrs. Lulu D. Crandall. 


Centennial and Memorial Association of Valley Forge. 
H. J. Stager. 1911. 

History of Schuylkill County, Pa. Volume 1. 1907. 

Political Hand-Book of Berks County, Pa. M. L. 
Montgomery. 1883. Presented by Mrs. L. L. Jones. 

Annals of the Families of Caspar, Henry, Baltzer and 
George Spengler. E. W. Spengler. 1896. Presented by 
Yorktown Chapter. 

History of Cambria County, Pa. H. W. Storey. 3 
vols. 1907. Presented by Quemahoning Chapter. 

Pennsylvania Magazine of History and Biography. 
Vols. 53 and 54. 1919, 1920. Presented by Mrs. Rob- 
ert Alexander. 

Annals of Buffalo Valley, Pa., 1755-1855. J. B. 
Linn. _ 1877. Presented by Miss Mary H. Linn. 

Historical and Biographical Annals of Berks County, 
Pa. 2 vols. M. L. Montgomery. 1909. Presented by 
Misses Emily, Margaret and Sarah Reider through Berks 
County Chapter. 

History of Bethlehem, Pa., 10,1-1892. J. M. Lever- 
ing. 1903. Presented by Bethlehem Chapter. 

From the Philadelphia Chapter: 

Life of Major-General William Henry Harrison. 1840. 
Presented by Mrs. G. H. Shriver. 

Extracts from the Diary of Jacob Hiltzheimer of 
Philadelphia, 1765-1793. 1893. J. C. Parsons. 

Historical Sketch of the Cornplanter and of the Six 
Nations of Indians. J. R. Snowden. 1867. 

Description of Ancient and Modern Coins. J. R. Snow- 
den. 1860. 

Description of the Medals of Washington and of 
National and Miscellaneous Medals. J. R. Snowden. 
1861. The last two presented by Mrs. Sarah P. S. 

Presented by Miss Lucy A. Helms, Regent of Mahan- 
tongo Chapter. 

Three Decades of Federal Legislation. S. S. Cox. 

Rhode Island 

Old Time Meeting Houses of the Connecticut Valley. 
C. A. Wight. 1911. Presented by Mrs. Richard Jack- 
son Barker. 


Presented by Judge David Campbell Chapter : 
Writings of George Washington. J. Sparks. Vols. 

3, 4 and 5. 1834. 

Letters of Richard Henry Lee. J. C. Ballagh. 2 

vols. 1911. 


From Betty Martin Chapter : 

Texas. A Contest of Civilizations. G. P. Garri- 
son. 1903. 

Under Six Flags. M. E. M. Davis. 1897. 

History of Texas, 16S5-1S92. J. H. Brown. 2 vols. 
1893. Presented by Mrs. E. K. Downs through the 

Governors and Other Public Men of Texas. N. G. 
Kittrell. 1921. Presented by Lady Washington Chapter. 

Report of the 22nd Annual State Conference of the 
Texas D. A. R. 1921. Presented by Texas Daughters. 


Stephen A. Douglas. E. S. Marsh. 1914. Presented 
by Mrs. Jennie DeWolf Braley, Regent Lake Dun- 
more Chapter. 

Poets and Poetry of Vermont. A. M. Hemenway. 
1858. Presented by Miss Lora J. Blood. 

History of Northfield, Vt. J. Gregory. 1878. Pre- 
sented by Mrs. G. F. Barker. 


History of Tazewell County and Southwest Virginia, 
1748-1920. W. C. Pendleton. 1920. Presented by 
Northampton County Chapter. 

Proceedings of the Virginia D. A. R., Oct. 6, 1921. 
Presented by Virginia Daughters. 


History of Wyoming. I. S. Bartlett. 1918. 4 vols. 
Presented by Cheyenne Chapter. 

Other Sources 

Report of the American Historical Association for 1918. 
3 vols. 1921. 

Year Book, 1920-1921. 1921. Presented by the So- 
ciety of Colonial Wars in the State of New York. 

Report of the Commissioner of the Land Office of Mary- 
land, 1919-1921. Presented by the Commissioner. 

The Masons as Makers of America. M. G. Peters. 
1921. Presented by Rear Admiral G. W. Baird, who 
gave at same time two pamphlets. 

Presented by the State Historical Society of Wis- 

The Struggle Over Ratification. M. M. Quaife. 1920. 

The Convention of 1S.}6. M. M. Quaife. 1919. 

Year Book Louisiana Society, S. A. R., 1921. 

Report of Librarian of Congress for 1921. 

Iowa Chronicles of the World War. M. L. Hansen. 
1921. Presented by the Iowa State Historical Society. 

Presented by Arapahoe Chapter : 

Semi-Centennial of the First Congregational Church 
of Boulder, Colo. 



Dedication Services of the Congregational Church 0} 
Boulder, Colo. 


From Mrs. J. M. Williams of Orford Parish Chapter: 
Sketches of Manchester, Conn. J. M. Williams 
Directory and Manual 0/ the Second Congregational 

Church, Manchester, Conn. Rev. C. M. Calderwood. 1915. 
100th Anniversary of 1st Church of Christ, Manchester. 


History of New London, Conn. 1892. C. J. Viets. 

Presented by Lucretia Shaw Chapter. 

District of Columbia 

List of Revolutionary Soldiers of Berwick, Me. W. 
D. Spencer. 1898. Presented by Miss Ella S. Wood of 
Eleanor Wilson Chapter. 


Presented by Mrs. Thomas Perry, through the State 
Librarian, Miss Effle Epler: 

Theodore Roosevelt. 1920. 

Abraham Lincoln. 1920. 

George Washington. 1920. 

Three Centuries of Pilgrim History. 1917. The above 
four addresses by William E. Barton. 

George Rogers Clark, Memorial Address. M. Starr. 


Record of Shubael Chapman Family. D. M. Chapman. 
1897. Presented by Tippecanoe River Chapter. 


List of Revolutionary Soldiers of Berwick, Me. W. D. 
Spencer. 1898. Presented by Mrs. Susan S. Lowell. 


From Mrs. Nellie R. Fiske of Wayside Inn Chapter : 

A Hundred Years of the Old Meeting House. A. W. 
Cutting. 1915. 

Historical Address. A. W. Cutting. 1911. 

History of the First Parish, Weston, Mass. E. S. 
Cobtirn. 1921. Presented by Mrs. William De Y. Field. 

The Pilgrim Fathers in Holland. 3. I. Brown. 1920. 
Presented by Mrs. M. L. Osborne. 


Edmund Wltittier. His Ancestry and Descendants. 
B. B. Whittier. 1917. Presented by Mrs. Fred W. 
Culver together with the Whittier Family Chart. 

From Ypsilanti Chapter for the Michigan Room 16 
pamphlets were received, 12 of which were presented 
by Miss Bessie Blakesley. 


From Mrs. M. C. Wells two pamphlets relating to 
Plymouth Congregational Church, Minneapolis, were 


Some Early Settlers. 1921. Mary Cousins McCabe. 
Presented by the author. 

New Hampshire 

Proceedings of the 150th Anniversary of Cornish, N. H. 
Presented by Mrs. Austin Tyler. 

New York 

Presented by Mrs. Louise Hildreth De Lamater : 
Kingsboro, N. Y., Presbyterian Church. G. Harkness. 


Re-Union of Students of Kingsborough Academy. 

1831-1863. 1900. 

North Carolina 

Stories of the Counties of North Carolina. F. A. Olds. 
Presented by Miss Cordelia W. Phifer. 


Centennial Number of the Washington, Pennsylvania 
Reporter, August 15, 1908. Presented by Miss Jane Hall. 

From Shikelimo Chapter: 

Plunkett the Pennamite. B. Smith. 

Captain Logan, Blair County's Indian Chief. H. W. 
Shoemacher. 1915. 

From Lebanon County Chapter: 

Reminiscences of Noted Men and Times. H. M. M. 
Richards. 1918. 

Papers of Lebanon County Historical Society. 1919. 

Lebanon County's Part in the Revolutionary War. 
H. M. M. Richards. 1909. 

Historical Sketch of Gov. Joseph niester. H. M. M. 
Richards. 1907. 

The Hiester Family. H. M. M. Richards. 1907. 

Valley Forge and the Pennsylvania-Germans. H. M. M. 
Richards. 1917. 

From Miss Lucy A. Helms : 

Gazette of the United States, May 3, 1789. (Reprint). 

Ulster County, N. Y. Gazette, January 4, 1800. 

Universal Philadelphia Correspondent, September 7, 


Sketch of Poultney Baptist Church, Vermont. C. Rip- 
ley. Presented by Mrs. George H. Ripley. 


Beginnings of Texas History. C. Pollard. 1921. 
Presented by Lady Washington Chapter. 

Other SouncES 

Smith-Weary Chronology. Frank O. Weary. 1921. 
Presented by compiler. 

Year Book, 1920, American Clan Gregor Society. E. W. 
Magruder. 1921. Presented by the Society. 

Year Book, 1921, Carnegie Endowment for Interna- 
tional Peace. Presented by the Society. 

Gloucester County's Most Famous Citizen, Gen. Frank- 
lin Davenport, 1755-1882. F. H. Stewart. 1921. Pre- 
sented by author. 

Virginia First. Lyon G. Tyler. 1921. Presented 
by author. 

Dedication of Cole's Hill Memorial, Plymouth, Mass., 
Sept. 8, 1921. Published and presented by General Soci- 
ety of Mayflower Descendants. 

Year Book Neto Jersey Society of Pennsylvania. 1921 
Presented by the Society. 

Genealogy of the Hill Family including Sketch of Joel 
Barlow. M. Hill. 1879. Presented by Mrs. Helena 
Hill Weed. 

War Register, 1917-1918. 1921. Presented by the 
Society of Colonial Wars in State of New York. 

The Reade Record. 10 Numbers. Presented by Reade 
Family Association. 



History of the Oldest Congregational Church in Colo- 
rado. Presented by Mrs. J. B. Place of Arapahoe Chapter. 

New Jerset 

Presented by the compiler, Mrs. Florence B. Pierson: 
Early Days of Westfield, N. J. Florence B. Pierson. 
"The Old Westfield Church." Florence B. Pierson. 

>iew York 

Bible Record of Miss Frances Stauffer's Family. Pre- 
sented by Battle Pass Chapter. 

North Carolina 

Through the State Librarian Mrs. Van Landingham a 
collection of manuscripts (9) were presented by Mrs. John 
L. Bridgers and a collection of papers (5) relating to 
Cabarrus County was presented by Cabarrus Black 
Boys Chapter. 




Two biographical sketches were presented by Mrs. 
W. H. Bryden and also two photographs. 


Essex Institute. January. 

D. A. R. Magazine. December, November, January. 

Michigan History Magazine. July, October. 

New Jersey Historical Society Proceedings. October, 

Newport Historical Society Bulletin. October. 

Iowa Journal of History and Politics. October 

Kentucky State Historical Society Register. January. 

New York Public Library Bulletin. September, Oc- 
tober, November, December. 

New York Historical Society Quarterly Bulletin. 

Neiv York Genealogical and Biographical Record. 

New York State Historical Association Quarterly. April. 

Sprague's Journal of Maine History. December. 

Palimsest. November, December, January. 

N. S. S. A. R. Bulletin. October, December. 

Missouri Historical Review. October. 

N. S. U. S. Daughters of 1S12. November. 

Georgia Historical Quarterly. December. 

New England Historical and Genealogical Register. 

Virginia Magazine of History and Biography. October, 

]Yilliam and Mary College Quarterly. October. 

Maryland Historical Magazine. December. - 

Tyler's Quarterly Historical and Genealogical Maga- 
zine. October. 

County Court Note-Book. October, December. 

Illinois State Historical Society Journal. July. 

The list includes 223 books, 72 pamphlets, 36 
periodicals, 20 manuscripts and 4 photographs. 
Respectfully submitted, 
(Mrs. Frank D.) Annie C. Ellison, 

Report accepted. 

Mrs. White read her report as Curator Gen- 
eral as follows : 

Report of Curator General 

Madam President General, Members of the 
National Board of Management: 

I have the honor to report the following ac- 
cessions since Board Meeting, October 18, 1921 : 

Colorado : An almanac of the year 1780, 
which contains records of Massachusetts Bay 
and New Hampshire. Commencing with a list 
of the Honorable Council of the former State, 
it contains the names of Artemas Ward, Caleb, 
Thomas and Nathan dishing, Samuel Adams, 
and John Hancock. In the list of members are 
many names prominent in the early history of 
the State. Other interesting lists are those of 
justices of the peace, barristers, attorneys and 
■officers and instructors of Harvard College 
presented by Mrs. Herbert B. Hayden, 
Araphoe Chapter. 

The lists are being copied for reference in 
the Library. 

District of Columbia: Old Chelsea china 
plate, saucer and dish. Bohemian glass bowl, 
also a fan with tortoise shell sticks, presented 

by Mrs. B. C. Yorks, Regent of Martha Wash- 
ington Chapter. Also received through the 
Dolly Madison Chapter of the District of Col- 
umbia, Mrs. H. B. Patten, Regent, the beautiful 
silver teapot, tea strainer, tray and sugar bowl, 
formerly the property of Dolly Madison, which 
was erroneously credited to Pennsylvania in 
the October report of the Curator General. 

Kansas : Linen handkerchief, hand embroid- 
ered made for the wife of Davis Carroll of 
Maryland, by her daughter Harriet L. Carroll ; 
presented by former's granddaughter, Miss 
Mary Belle Hollister, Atchison Chapter. Topaz 
earrings worn by the wife of Davis Carroll, 
inherited from her mother, presented by 
same donor. 

Maryland: Iron key made in 1700; also 
an iron smoking pipe brought over by the 
Dutch early in the 18th century, presented by 
Mrs. James Loughborough, James Mont- 
gomery Chapter. 

Massachusetts: Blue glass bowl, formerly 
owned by Sally Somes Mackey, of the same 
State, presented by Mr. George R. Mansfield. 
Bronze lustre pitcher, 3 l / A inches high, presented 
by Old Oak Chapter. Two glass cup plates, 
presented by the Col. Timothy Bigelow Chapter. 

Manuscript, presented by Mrs. Eudora M. 
Burnham, Margaret Corbin Chapter. 

Rhode Island : China plate presented by Mr. 
Arthur Duncan Green, a descendant of Lieut. 
Job Green 1777-78. 

The government of the United States of 
America: Through the courtesy of the Sec- 
retary of State, Hon. Charles Evans Hughes, 
who presented to our President General, Mrs. 
George Maynard Minor for the Daughters of 
the American Revolution, the flag staff pen- 
holder used by Secretary Hughes in signing 
the five treaties, Monday, February 6, 1922, 
formulated by the Delegates to the Conference 
on Limitation of Armament ; from our Presi- 
dent General, Mrs. George Maynard Minor the 
gavel presented, by our President General, to 
Secretary Hughes, for the use of the chairman 
of the Conference, the plenary sessions of which 
were held in Memorial Continental Hall, from 
November 12, 1921. to February 6, 1922. 
Respectfully submitted, 

Louise C. White. 

There being no objection the report 
was accepted. 

Mrs. Elliott then read her report. 

Report of Corresponding Secretary General 

Madam President General and Members of the 

National Board of Management: 

Since October first the following supplies 

have been mailed from my office to chapters 

and individuals making request for such service : 



Application blanks 29,162 

Leaflets "How to become a member".. 2,643 

Leaflets of General Information 2,525 

Transfer cards 2,101 

Constitutions 1,679 

Twenty-one hundred and nine letters were 
received and recorded and seventeen hundred 
and sixty-eight letters were written. 

The free distribution of the Manual for Im- 
migrants having been placed in this office there 
have been sent out 11,519 copies; of which 
6,183 were of the English edition, 3,329 Italian 
and 2,007 Spanish. 

Respectfully submitted, 

Lily Tyson Elliott, 
Corresponding Secretary General. 

Report accepted. 

The Treasurer General reported with much 
regret that since the last meeting of the Board 
a week ago the Society had lost through death 
39 members. The President General here spoke 
of the death of Miss May Duncanson, who had 
been chairman of the Seating Committee for 
the Congresses for many years and had rend- 
ered service for a high quality to the Society. 
The President General reported that flowers 
had been sent from the National Society and 
several of the National Officers had attended 
her funeral, the members of the Board rose in 
silent memory of Miss Duncanson and the 
other deceased members. 

Mrs. Hunter reported also that 42 members 
had resigned, and that 24 former members hav- 
ing complied with the requirements for 
reinstatement had requested to be reinstated. 
Mrs. Hunter therefore moved that the Secretary 
be instructed to cast the ballot for the rein- 
statement of 24 members. Seconded by Mrs. 
Frisbee and carried. The Recording Secretary 
General pro ton announced the casting of the 
ballot and the President General declared these 
24 former members reinstated in the Na- 
tional Society. 

Miss Strider presented the following supple- 
mental report. 

Supplemental Report of Registrar General 

I have the honor to report 190 applications 
presented to the Board, making a total of 440. 
Numbers of members admitted. 

November 750 

December 1325 

January 1420 

February 440 

Total 3935 

Respectfully submitted, 

(Miss) Emma T. Strider, 
Registrar General. 
Moved by Miss Strider, seconded by Mrs. 
White, and carried, that the Secretary be in- 

structed to cast the ballot for the admission of 
190 applicants for membership. Mrs. Elliott 
announced the casting of the ballot and the 
President General declared the 190 applicants 
members of the National Society. 

Mrs. Hanger read the report of the Build- 
ing and Grounds Committee as follows : 

Report of Building and Grounds Committee 
Aladam President General and Members of the 
National Board of Management : 

Immediately following the October Board 
Meeting your Chairman at the request of the 
President General took up with the represent- 
atives of the Government the changes in the 
Auditorium necessary to the acommodation of 
the Conference on Limitation of Armament. 
Daily consultations were held regarding details, 
the final decision being that the seats in the 
center of the Auditorium must be taken out, a 
floor laid level with the platform also seats 
under the balconies raised so that all could have 
a view of the center. This work was under 
the direction of Commander Rouzer, U. S. N. 
who was especially selected for his ability. On 
October 22nd, the actual work began under his 
direction with government employees and car- 
penters. The seats were removed and stored 
in the basement, the carpenters taking poses- 
sion and in a short time the floor was laid. 
During these preparations the building was 
closed to the public but open to the D. A. R. 
and for business. 

As the time went on the State Department 
expressed a desire to have the office rooms on 
the main floor put at the disposal of the Dele- 
gates to the Conference, for Committee 
Meetings. Your Chairman at first thought that 
this would be an impossibility for the work 
of the National Society must go on without 
interruption. After much thought and planning 
it was deemed possible to make changes which 
would leave the Ohio, Missouri, District of 
Columbia, Illinois, New York, and Texas rooms 
available for government use. 

The Building and Grounds Committee ap- 
proved the suggested changes, the President 
General obtaining the consent of the National 
Officers whose offices were to be moved and 
the respective State Regents cheerfully consent- 
ing to have their rooms used as offices, the 
following changes were made: office of Curator 
General to Library, office of Historian General 
to Library, office of Executive manager to Lib- 
rary, office of Recording Secretary General to 
New Jersey room, office of Corresponding Sec- 
retary General to Massachusetts room and the 
office of the Organizing Secretary General to 
Delaware and Virginia rooms. For the con- 
venience of the majority of clerks the Catalogue 



was placed in the Library. The clerks lunch 
room, also south corridor in basement was 
requested for use by the Government for print- 
ing and issuing documents in connection with the 
Plenary Sessions, north corridor basement for 
typewriter, stenography and telephone service, 
therefore the clerks lunch room was moved 
from the basement to the top floor pantries, 
adjoining the Kitchen and Banquet Hall. 

As a committee we desire to express our ap- 
preciation of the cooperation of the State Re- 
gents and National Officers especially to Mrs. 
White, Curator General, and to Mrs. Ellison, 
Librarian General. 

The October Board having authorized the 
purchase of flags of the Nations participating 
in the Conference your Chairman ordered same 
but later cancelled the order as the government 
furnished these flags gratis which have been 
displayed daily since the convening of the Con- 
ference according to government direction. 

On account of affording protection to the 
delegates the U. S. Government deemed it wise 
to place our Building under Military Guard as 
much as three days before the first Plenary 
Session. Arrangements to safeguard our build- 
ing and all entering were made by a represent- 
ative of the State Department, a U. S. Army 
Captain and your chairman. Soldiers were on 
duty on the exterior day and night and secret 
service men on the inside. The Government 
issuing special passes to all using the Building 
daily. Our Building however has always been 
open to the Daughters and for business, the 
President General having made one stipulation 
when granting its use to the government, that 
stipulation being that our work must go on. 
While there have been inconveniences and 
restrictions to be endured yet the work has 
gone on without interruption, the clerks 
showing not only adaptability but a fine spirit 
of cooperation. 

Nearing the opening of the Conference when 
arrangements had been completed, Mr. Hughes, 
Secretary of State, Mr. Root, Mr. Lodge and 
Mr. Underwood came to the Building to see our 
Auditorium which had been transformed into an 
International Council Chamber. I deem it of 
great interest to report that Mr. Hughes said, 
" If Memorial Continental Hall had been built 
for the purpose, the result could not have 
been better." 

It is of great interest to know that the re- 
volving chairs used by the delegates to the 
Conference are to be preserved by the U. S. 
Government as of historical value, each chair 
to bear a plate inscribed not only with the name 
of the Delegate and Conference on Limitation 
of Armament but with Memorial Continental 
Hall; The chair used by President Harding 
at the opening and closing sessions of the Con- 

ference is a reproduction of the chair used by 
the Continental Congress at the signing of the 
Declaration of Independence — this chair be- 
longed to the National Society having been 
presented to the National Society by Continental 
Dames Chapter of the District of Columbia. 
The table upon which all the treaties were 
signed is also the property of the National So- 
ciety — a reproduction of the one in Indepen- 
dence Hall — given in memory of Sabra Lavania 
Beach Goddard of Granby, Conn., by her five 
sons. This desk table was presented to our 
Museum for the use of the Curator General. 
The chair used at this table during the signing 
is also the property of the National Society 
presented by the Spirit of '76 Chapter of New 
Orleans, La. 

On February 3rd, the State Department 
declaring that the Auditorum would be avail- 
able and the consent of the President General 
being obtained, a meeting of the business organ- 
ization of the Government was called by 
President Harding. 

Many requests have been received for the 
use of the Auditorium but until the Government 
released it such requests could not be con- 
sidered. On February 13th the Government 
will begin to restore the Auditorium to its 
regular order. 

We do not feel that this report would be 
complete did we not call attention to the extra- 
ordinary ability, ingenuity and resourcefulness 
displayed at all times by our Superintendent Mr. 
Phillips who was largely responsible for the 
successful carrying out of the many details in 
connection with the preparation of our Hall for 
this Conference. In fact our entire force of 
employees showed that they measured up 
when tested. 

A Cross Stitch picture of "Samuel before 
Eli" for the Massachusetts room was presented 
by Miss Maria Carter being the work of her 
mother, a direct descendant of Elder William 
Brewster. This piece of work has been ac- 
cepted by the Art Committee and placed in the 
Massachusetts room. 

A large fine old linen damask table cloth size 
5 x 5y 2 yards has been presented by Miss 
Annetta Shipley Merrill — member of Prudence 
Wright Chapter, Pepperell, Mass., the cloth is 
presented for use in the Banquet Hall. 

The mirrors in the Connecticut room have 
been resilvered, estimates having been submitted 
by Hires Turner Co. of Rosslyn, Va.. $44.92. 

The Bronze Markers authorized by the Board 
October. 1921, have been placed as ordered. The 
price of these was $216.00 for both instead of 
$225.00 a saving of $9.00 of the amount author- 
ized by the Board. 

Acting upon the authority given by the Ex- 
ecutive Committee June 16, 1921, approved by 



the Board October 18, 1921, a typewriter has 
been ordered for the office of the Treasurer 
General and placed. 

Upon request of the Registrar General and 
authority of the Executive Committee January 
23, 1922. Two typewriters have been ordered 
and placed in her office. 

On January 23rd, your Chairman brought to 
the attention of the Executive Committee the 
necessity of a new roof for our Memorial 
Building — the Executive Committee voted that 
at least two estimates should be obtained and 
submitted to the Board. 

Relying upon the advice of Marsh and Peter 
Washington D. C. (architects of the Adminis- 
tration Building) regarding the proper kind of 
roof, the following estimates have been ob- 
tained in accordance with specifications fur- 
nished by them : 

Samuel H. Edmonston & Co., Wash., 

D. C $8285.00 

Harry F. Boryer 8614.00 

Your Committee recommends that the work 
be given to Samuel H. Edmonston & Co., Con- 
tractors and Builders, and that the contract for 
the work be awarded upon the actual cost of 
materials and labor plus a commission to the 
contractor. This plan is endorsed by Marsh 
and Peter. 

Your Committee recommends that a sum not 
to exceed $8500.00 be allowed to cover the cost 
of the new roof and restoration of interior 
plastering as damaged by leakage. 

We beg leave to file with the recording Sec- 
retary General the specifications for the roof, 
letter from Marsh and Peter and estimates as 
obtained from Samuel H. Edmonston and 
Harry F. Boryer. 

Respectfully submitted, 
(Mrs. G. Wallace W.) Lucy Galt Haxger, 
Chairman, Building and Grounds Committee. 

There being no objection, the report of the 
Committee was accepted without its recom- 
mendations. Moved by Mrs. Frisbee, seconded 
by Mrs. Guernsey, and carried, that the re- 
commendation for new roof to Memorial 
Continental Hall be adopted (as offered by Mrs. 
Hanger). Moved by Mrs. White, seconded 
by Miss Serpell, and carried, that the second 
recommendation of the Building and Grounds 
Committee be adopted. 

Mrs. Hanger stated that she had once before 
brought before the Board the matter of new 
sound-proof doors for the Auditorium during 
the Congress, and was again bringing it because 
of a letter just received from Miss Nettleton 
Chairman of the House Committee ; that Marsh 
and Peter had drawn specifications and plans 
for these doors, to be so well made and beauti- 
fully finished to correspond in every way with 

the beauty and dignity of the lobby, with many 
panes of glass so that those who are compelled 
to remain in the lobby at one time or another 
may look through these windows into the audit- 
orium ; that it was Miss Nettleton's feeling that 
the success of the Congress, the Comfort of 
the President General and of the delegates de- 
pended largely on the quiet that could be 
maintained, and therefore this proposition was 
brought to provide three doors according to 
the specifications already furnished and already 
estimated upon. The exact figure could not be 
given because the architects felt it was best to 
have it done by the actual furnishing of mater- 
ials and day labor, plus a commission of seven 
per cent., and while it was not the expectation to 
spend the whole amount, it was recommended 
that a sum not to exceed $680 be allowed 
for this purpose — the purchase of three new 
doors leading from the lobby into the auditorum. 
The adoption of the recommendation regard- 
ing nezc doors was moved by Mrs. Sherrerd, 
seconded by Mrs. Buel and Miss McDuffee, 
and carried. 

Miss Lincoln here presented her own report 
as Editor, including with it the report for the 
Chairman of Magazine Committee, Mrs. Bissell, 
who was still detained at home because of the 
illness of her husband. 

Report of Editor of Magazine 

Madam President General and Members of the 
National Board of Management : 

Since my last report to this Board four 
issues of the Magazine have been published — 
November, December, January, and February. 
The December Magazine was devoted almost 
exclusively to the account of the gift of the 
fountain and water system to the French vil- 
age of Tilloloy by the National Society, while 
the January issue contained a special account of 
the first meetings of the Conference on the 
Limitation of Armament. A description of the 
last meetings of the Conference, held during 
the past week, will appear in the March Mag- 
azine. An account from the achitectural view- 
point of the new office building illustrated, with 
photographs and architects drawings, will appear 
in this issue also. 

Among the articles which appeared the past 
four months, and which attracted special at- 
tention were "The Story of the Purple Heart" 
by Mr. J. C. Fitzpatrick, and "Continental 
Marine Officers of the American Revolution " 
Major E. M. McClellan, U. S. Marine Corps. 

Mrs. Neyle Colquitt's article on the Octo- 
ber Magazine, "Our French Liberators" has 
been translated into French and re-published in 
both French and Canadian journals. The 
French Ambassador was so deeply interested 



in it that he not only wrote a note of apprecia- 
tion to Mrs. Colquitt, but purchased a number 
of copies of the Magazine. Incidentally I may 
mention that the October edition is completely 
sold out. 

Among the articles yet to appear in the Mag- 
azine are the following : "American Illiteracy, 
A National Menace" by Paul V. Collins, "An 
Unmarked Revolutionary Site in Ohio," by C. 
L. Martzolff, "Old Pelham, Massachusetts" by 
Mrs. Anna P. See, and " Last Days at Mount 
Vernon," by Charles Moore, Chairman, Fine 
Arts Commission of the United States. 

In the absence of our National Magazine 
Chairman, Mrs. Charles Bissell, detained in 
Connecticut by illness, I will give a brief sum- 
mary of the financial out-look for the Magazine. 
To date our subscriptions total 13,822. Our 
February expirations amount to 895. 

The following editions for 1921 have been 
completely sold out, January, February, April, 
June, July, August, October, and only a few 
copies are left of the March, May, September 
and December Magazines. 

The business office reports that we are selling 
many single copies since October 1, 1921 to 
February 6, 1922, inclusive, we have sold 720 
Magazines, a good record when you stop to 
think that our Hall has been closed to the pub- 
lic since November and our Magazines have 
been sold chiefly through mail orders. Of the 
single copies thus sold 248 were for the Jan- 
uary, 1922, Magazines which contained the 
article on the arms conference. 

Since the $2.00 rate went into effect on July 
1, 1921, we have received 3560 new subscrip- 
tions and renewals. Thus during these seven 
months we have averaged 508 subscriptions a 
month only. The money received during this 
time for each $2.00 subscription totalled $7,120. 

Last year during the corresponding seven 
months we received 8,336 one dollar subscrip- 
tons which netted us $8,336. In other words 
$1,116 more than we have received in the past 
seven months, in spite of the increase in the 
subscription price of the Magazine. 

Securing regular and prompt renewals as 
well as new subscriptions is necessarily impor- 
tant, and I beg that the members of this Board 
will exert their influence to push the interests 
of the Magazine and secure subscriptions. 

The Magazine has obtained recognition as an 
historical publication outside of this Society. 
It is a vital part of the organization; it upholds 
your traditions, publishes the official news of 
the National Society, which can be obtained 
nowhere else, and carries your publicity. 

Surely the Magazine is deserving of the 
loyal support of every member. 

Respectfully submitted, 

Natalie S. Lincoln. 

There being no objection, the report 
was accepted. 

Mrs. Guernsey, Chairman of the Committee 
on the Erection of the Administration Building, 
made the following report for her Committee. 

Report of Committee on Erection of 
Administration Building 

Madam President General and Members of 
the Board. 

The Administration Building Committee is 
happy to report progress in the erection of the 
building since the last meeting of the Board. 
As you will remember the cornerstone was laid 
with impressive ceremony on October 19th— and 
the building is now under roof. 

With the work of construction so satisfac- 
torily progressing the Committee's time has 
been given to correspondence with the states 
and members who have asked for information, 
and requested permission to take rooms or some 
special features of decoration or usefulness. 

It has been decided that the sum to be asked 
for the various rooms shall include the entire 
cost for furnishing, and a part of the finishing 
— the Society itself paying for the actual con- 
struction of the entire building. 

It has also been decided that all money con- 
tributed must be in the hands of the Treasurer 
General by January 1, 1923. 

From the estimates of the cost of the rooms 
supplied by the architect a definite price for 
each room has been agreed upon, the prices 
ranging from one to three thousand dollars, 
and the states and members requesting infor- 
mation have been given these prices. 

Since October the following States have 
taken rooms : 

New Hampshire, office of Corresponding 
Secretary General. Pennsylvania, two commit- 
tee rooms ; Washington, office of Organizing 
Secretary General ; Florida, Office of Regis- 
trar General. 

The Treasurer General, Mrs. Hunter, has 
taken the office of the Treasurer General, and 
Mrs. R. W. Magna, Regent of the Mercy War- 
ren Chcpter of Massachusetts has taken the four 
marble columns in the central hall or Catalogue 
room as a memorial to her mother. 

Rhode Island, South Carolina, and Wisconsin 
asked for rooms last April, and the particular 
rooms to be taken by them will soon be decided 
upon, and the National Society, Children of 
the American Revolution is also considering 
a room. 

Correspondence is being carried on with 



Colorado, Louisiana, Kentucky, Georgia, South 
Dakota, Tennessee, a Chapter in New York 
State and one in West Virginia, showing how 
wide spread is the interest in and enthusiasm 
for the new building. 

The definite pledges so far received and 
filed are as follows : 

Fifteen hundred dollars pledged by North 
Carolina for the office of the Historian General, 
$1000 pledged by New Hampshire for the office 
of the Corresponding Secretary General, $1500 
pledged by Washington for the office of the 
Organizing Secretary General, $1000 pledged 
by Florida for the office of the Registrar Gen- 
eral, $1000 pledged by Nebraska for the office of 
the Reporter General to the Smithsonian Insti- 
tution, this gift being made in honor of Mrs. 
Charles H. Aull past State Regent and Vice 
President General, $2000 pledged by Connecticut 
for the President General's suite, $2700 pledged 
by Pennsylvania for two communicating rooms 
to be used as committee rooms, $8000 to 
$10,000 pledged by the National Officers Club 
for the small auditorium, $1000 pledged by Mrs. 
Hunter for the office of the Treasurer General, 
$1200 pledged by Mrs. Magna for four 
marble columns. 

A number of requests have come from mem- 
bers and chapters for the privilege of making 
individual gifts and a list of possible gifts to 
meet these requests is being prepared. 

In this list will be placed the five drinking 
founts, the bronze markers on the outside nam- 
ing the building, the elevator, the fire proof 
door to the vault and other items of a* 
similar nature. 

In this building the rooms and gifts may be 
suitably inscribed either as gifts or memorials. 
This is a departure fom the rule observed in 
Memorial Continental Hall, the nature and uses 
of this building making it possible to place 
inconspicuous inscriptions without marring the 
architectural design. 

The following payments have been made 
by the Treasurer General to the Architect 
and Builder. 

In Tune, 1921, $8000; July, $11,000; August, 
$14.00*0; September, $32,000; October, $27,000; 
November, $32,000; December, $36,000. Jan- 
uary, 1922, $24,000; making a total of $184,000 
paid before February 1, 1922. 

The chairman invites correspondence in re- 
ference to the building and will be glad to 
cooperate with all interested members in ar- 
ranging for gifts. 

Sarah E. Guernsey, 
Chairman, Administration Building Committee. 

Report accepted. 

Mrs. Morris, as Chairman of the Committee 
on Preservation of Historic Spots, reported on 
the progress of the Yorktown Bill, and gave an 

encouraging account of a visit by the President 
General and herself to the Secretary of War 
who promised his support to the bill. She 
urged the members of the Board, and through 
them members all over the country, to write 
their Representatives and Senators to use their 
influence to preserve Yorktown. The President 
General also urged all members to take to heart 
the suggestion of the Chairman, and suggested 
that they get from Mrs. Morris the names and 
addresses of the men on the Committee which 
had the bill in charge in order that word 
might be carried back to the chapters that 
letters should be written these men. 

The Recording Secretary General Pro tern 
referred to a letter received from Mrs. Wait, 
and on motion of Mrs. Morris, seconded by 
Mrs. Sherrerd, it was carried, that a letter of 
love and sympathy he sent to Mrs. Wait from 
the National Board. NS.D.A.R. Airs. Hodg- 
kins moved that a note of love and sympathy be 
sent to Mrs. Moss, Vice President General from 
Missouri, and regrets for her absence from this 
meeting of the National D.A.R. Board of Man- 
agement. Seconded by Mrs. Kitt and carried. 

The President General made a brief report of 
the situation in Tilloloy, reading the following 
extract from a letter received from Baroness de 
la Grange : 

" I have good news from Tilloloy and all is 
working well. The water has to be turned off 
at night because of the heavy frost. I found 
that it was absolutely necessary to build a 
little house over the well in order to shelter the 
machinery during bad weather. We are making 
this house large enough to hold a little motor 
in case later on the Commune decides to buy 
one as an auxiliary to the wind mill. This work 
will cost about Frs. 10,000 and I ordered it as 
you told me I could do so if I thought it wise." 

Dr. Barrett, State Regent of Virginia, invited 
the members of the Board to furnish any ideas 
they might have to the Daughters of Virginia 
in regard to a great historical pageant which 
is to be given in May at Richmond for a week, 
of which time the Daughters of the American 
Revolution are to have one day, and she trusted 
that all members who were descended from 
Virginians would be interested that their ances- 
tors be properly represented on that occasion, 
and she therefore invited correspondence 
and suggestions. 

Mrs. Buel stated one of the chapters in Con- 
necticut, Faith Trumbull Chapter of Norwich, 
wished to be allowed to incorporate in order to 
hold property. Moved by Mrs. Bahnsen. sec- 
onded by Mrs. Chubbuck, and carried, that 
Faith Trumbull Chapter of Connecticut be al- 
loivcd to incorporate so as to be able to hold 
property. Moved by Mrs. Wilson, seconded by 
Mrs. Harris and carried, that Cincinnati Chap- 



tcr be allowed to incorporate for the purpose 
of owning property. 

The drawing of seats for Congress then took 
place, the Recording Secretary General pro tern 
drawing for those states not represented. The 
drawing resulted as follows : 

Drawing of Seats for 31st Continental 

Congress, 1922 

1 Washington 

15 Missouri 

2 Virginia 

16 Cuba 

3 Florida 

17 Wyoming 

4 Indiana 

18 Arizona 

5 South Dakota 

19 District of Columbia 

6 Wisconsin 

20 Delaware 

7 New Hampshire 

21 Mississippi 

8 Louisiana 

22 Maryland 

9 South Carolina 

23 Arkansas 

10 New Mexico 

24 Kentucky 

11 Idaho 

25 Maine 

12 Montana 

26 Rhode Island 

13 Vermont 

27 New Jersey 

14 West Virginia 

28 Minnesota 

29 Pennsylvania 

30 Orient 

31 California 

32 Hawaii 

33 Ohio 

34 Georgia 

35 North Dakota 

36 Connecticut 

37 Oklahoma 

38 Iowa 

39 Oregon 

40 New York 

41 Illinois 

42 Nebraska 

43 North Carolina 

44 Michigan 

45 Utah 

46 Alabama 

47 Texas 

48 Colorado 

49 Massachusetts 

50 Kansas 

51 Tennessee 

The President General reported to the Board 
the receipt of the various gifts then on display 
on the Board Room Table, and it was voted 
that the President General express the thanks 
of the Board to the generous and thought- 
ful donors. 

The motions as passed were read and ap- 
proved, and on motion the meeting adjourned 
at 6:25 p.m. 

Lily Tyson Elliott, 
Recording Secretary General, pro tern. 


Where one desires to leave both real and 
personal property to the National Society, 
Daughters of the American Revolution, any one 
of the following forms can be used : 

" I hereby give, devise and bequeath, abso- 
lutely and in fee simple, to the National 
Society of the Daughters of the American 
Revolution, having its headquarters at Washing- 
ton, in the District of Columbia, (here describe 
the nature of the property to be given), 
to be used and expended for the objects 
and purposes for which said National Society 
was incorporated." 

In case a cash legacy only is desired to 
be given. 

" I give and bequeath, absolutely, to the 
National Society of the Daughters of the 

American Revolution, having its headquarters 
at Washington, in the District of Columbia, 
the sum of 

($ ), to be used and expended for the 

objects and purposes for which said National 
Society was incorporated." 

In case a devise of real estate only is desired 
to be given to the National Society. 

" I give and devise, absolutely and in fee 
simple, to the National Society of the Daughters 
of the American Revolution, having its head- 
quarters at Washington, in the District of 
Columbia, (here describe the real estate in- 
tended to be devised), to be used and ex- 
pended for the objects and purposes for which 
the said National Society was incorporated. 





President General 

Mrs. George Maynard Minor, 

Memorial Continental Hall, Washington, D. C. 

Vice Presidents General 
(Term of office expires 1922) 
Mrs. William H. Wait, Mrs. William D. Sherrerd, 

1706 Cambridge Road, Ann Arbor, Mich. Highland Ave., Haddonfield, N. J. 

Mrs. Isaac Lee Patterson, Mrs. James Lowry Smith, 

Eola Road, Salem, Ore. Amarillo, Tex. 

Miss Alethea Serpell, Mrs. Frank W. Bahnsen, 

902 Westover Ave., Norfolk, Va. 1720 22d St., Rock Island, 111. 

Miss Louise H. Coburn, Skowhegan, Me. 

(Term of office expires 1923) 

Mrs. Cassius C. Cottle, Mrs. Charles S. Whitman, 

2272 Harvard Boulevard, Los Angeles, Calif. 54 East 83d St., New York, N. Y. 

Mrs. Edward Lansing Harris, Mrs. Henry McCleary, 

6719 Euclid Ave., Cleveland, Ohio. McCleary, Wash. 

Mrs. James T. Morris, Mrs. Anthony Wayne Cook, 

2101 Blaisdell Ave., Minneapolis, Minn. Cooksburg, Pa. 

Mrs. Edward P. Schoentgen, 407 Glenn Ave., Council Bluffs, la. 

(Term of office expires 1924) 
Mrs. John Trigg Moss, Mrs. C. D. Chenault, 

6017 Enright Ave., St. Louis, Mo. Lexington, Ky. 

Mrs. Benjamin D. Heath, Miss Catherine Campbell, 

Heathcote, Charlotte, N. C. 316 Willow St., Ottawa, Kan. 

Mrs. Lyman E. Holden, Mrs. Albert L. Calder, 2nd, 

8 Park Place, Brattleboro, Vt. 226 Blackstone Boulevard, Providence, R. I. 

Mrs. Howard L. Hodgkins, 1830 T St., Washington, D. C. 

Chaplain General 

Mrs. Selden P. Spencer, 

2123 California St., N. W., Washington, D. C. 

Recording Secretary General Corresponding Secretary General 

Mrs. John Francis Yawger, Mrs. A. Marshall Elliott, 

Memorial Continental Hall. Memorial Continental Hall. 

Organizing Secretary General Registrar General 

Mrs. G. Wallace W. Hanger, Miss Emma T. Strider, 

Memorial Continental Hall. Memorial Continental Hall. 

Treasurer General Historian General 

Mrs. Livingston L. Hunter, Miss Jenn Winslow Coltrane, 

Memorial Continental Hall. Memorial Continental Hall. 

Reporter General to Smithsonian Institution 
Miss Lillian M. Wilson, 
Memorial Continental Hall. 
Librarian General Curator General 

Mrs. Frank D. Ellison, Mrs. George W. White, 

Memorial Continental Hall. Memorial Continental Hall. 







639 Walnut St., Gadsden. 

110 N. Conception St., Mobile. 




394 N. 3rd St., Phoenix. 



2005 Scott St., Little Rock. 

817 W. 5th Ave., Pine Bluff. 



269 Mather St., Oakland. 

1240 W. 29th St., Los Angeles. 



803 Spruce St., Boulder. 
1145 Logan St., Denver. 










1319 T. St., N. W., Washington. 

119 5th St., N. E., Washington. 


143 S. E. 2nd St., Miaml 


233 W. Duval St., Jacksonville. 



305 14th Ave., Cordele. 



The Courtland Hotel, Honolulu. 



Box 324, Gooding. 

421 2nd Ave., E., Twin Falls. 


Grand View Ave., Peoria. 



1011 N. Penn St., Indianapolis. 

3128 Fairfield Ave., Fort Wayne. 



" Fairhill," Sheldon. 

State Centre. 




" Riverside," Wichita. 



539 Garrard St., Covington. 



2331 Chestnut St., New Orleans. 



282 Main St., Waterville. 
122 Goff St., Auburn. 



2224 N. Calvert St., Baltimore. 
2004 Maryland Ave., Baltimore. 



25 Bellevue Ave., Melrose. 

Pinehurst, Concord. 



1012 W. Main St., Kalamazoo. 

143 Lafayette Ave., N. E., Grand Rapids. 



1906 Kenwood Parkway, Minneapolis. 

1126 Summit Ave., St. Paul. 




850 N. Jefferson St., Jackson. 







420 S. Idaho St., Dillon. 

814 S. Central Ave., Bozeman. 



1731 L St., Lincoln. 






448 Ridge St., Newark. 

1308 Watchung Ave., Plainfield. 










8 Lafayette St., Albany. 
269 Henry St., Brooklyn. 



810 N. Tryon St., Charlotte. 



Valley City. 

300 8th St., S. Fargo. 


Church and Kino Sts., Xenia. 

431 N. Detroit St., Kenton. 



903 Johnstone Ave., Bautlesville. 

231 S. 13th St., Muskogee. 



8 St. Helen's Court, Portland. 
807 S. Ferry St., Albany. 



State College. 

Hadston, Linden Ave., Pittsburgh. 



4 Summit St., Pawtucket. 



St. Matthews. 




12 % 5th Ave., N. W. Aberdeen. 
Sioux Falls. 



316 West Cumberland St., Knoxville. 

1092 E. Moreland Ave., Memphis. 



1313 Castle Court Blvd., Houston. 



36 H St., Salt Lake City. 

820 E. 4th South St., Salt Lake City. 




302 Pleasant St., Bennington. 



915 Orchard Hill, Roanoke. 



1804 15th Ave., Seattle. 

724 7th St., Hoquiam. 




100 12th St., Wheeling. 



4001 Highland Park, Milwaukee. 

330 S. 6th St., La Crosse. 







Shanghai, China. 
Manila, Philippine Islands. 



Honorary President! General 


Honorary President Presiding 

Honorary Chaplain General 

Honorary Vice Presidents General 







In this Honor Roll the list of membership in each State is shown in the 
outer rim, and the list of subscribers according to States is in the inner circle 


The Magazine also has subscribers in 


New York at this date of publication 
leads all States with 1156 subscribers 

of Quality 









J. E. Caldwell 
&c Company 

Official Jewelers N. S. D. A. R. 
Since its foundation 





VOL. LVI. No. 5 

MAY, 1922 

WHOLE No. 357 




N an address ringing with 
patriotic fervor and appreciation 
of vital issues of the moment 
' and filled with a lofty pride that 
beautiful Memorial Continental 
Hall had been the scene of the 
epoch-making Conference for the Limi- 
tation of Armament participated in by 
nine nations, Mrs. George Maynard 
Minor, President General, opened the 
31st Continental Congress at 10.30 a.m. 
Monday, April 17th. 

The Hall presented an inspiring sight 
and there was not an empty seat in the 
entire auditorium when Mrs. Minor 
began her address. Even the museum 
had to be utilized as seating space for 
some of the delegations because of the 
increased representation. 

Cornetist A. Whitcomb, of the 
United States Marine Band, sounded 
" Assembly," and the picturesque proces- 
sion of pages, led by its chairman, Mrs. 
Willoughby S. Chesley, walked slowly 

up the main aisle of the auditorium. On 
reaching the stage the line parted and 
the pages walked down the side aisles to 
their stations. Then followed the mem- 
bers of the National Board of Manage- 
ment, after which walked Mrs. Minor, 
the President General. Mrs. Minor was 
greeted with continued applause, which 
did not end until she raised her gavel 
and called the 31st Congress to order by 
the authority vested in her. 

Mrs. Selden P. Spencer, wife of the 
Senator of Missouri and Chaplain Gen- 
eral of the Society, read Scriptural selec- 
tions and offered a touching prayer. The 
audience then stood, and led by Miss 
Annie Wallace, recited the " Salute to 
the Flag." An " Ode to the Flag," writ- 
ten by Mrs. Daniel M. Lothrop, the 
beloved founder of the Children of the 
American Revolution, was then recited 
by Miss Stella Waterman, a member of 
the C.A.R. 

The author of the " American's Creed," 




Mr. William Tyler Page, recited the 
Creed, after which the " Star Spangled 
Banner " was sung by the audience. 

The President General was given an 
ovation as she began her address. It was 
as follows : 

With great pride, I welcome you to-day to 
your beautiful home now made historic as the 
scene of the most memorable conference of 
nations that has ever filled the pages of history. 
In Memorial Continental Hall, a new era has 
had its birth. 

" This building has many memories," said 
Secretary Hughes, at the close of his memorable 
speech which brought the proceedings of the 
Conference to an end on February 4th. " This 
building has many memories, but I trust, in 
the opinion of the Daughters of the American 
Revolution, it is now invested with a special 
sanctity and with a most precious memory, 
because here the spirit of democracy, which 
they desire to see supreme, has been evidenced 
in our collaboration together as representatives 
of great peoples in order that we may have, 
in place of a worse than fruitless competition, 
a generous cooperation expressive not of the 
sinister ambition of despotic governments, but 
of the true spirit of the peoples represented 
in these democratic governments, and it is that 
spirit which we, as representatives, have sought 
here to evince, because whatever governments 
want, the peoples of the earth want justice, 
peace and security." 

Secretary Hughes spoke truly : " a special 
sanctity and a most precious memory " will 
forever envelop Memorial Continental Hall. 

Beautiful and stately, dedicated to the mem- 
ory of the men and women whose blood and 
tears won independence for our country, Memo- 
rial Continental Hall has had a second 
dedication. It has been dedicated to an idea 
old in God's sight, but new in world politics — 
the idea of peace on earth, good-will towards 
men, the idea of generous cooperation instead 
of " fruitless competition." Here in our Hall, 
the ideal of national independence has been 
linked up with the ideal of international 
friendship, understanding and cooperation. 
You are sitting to-day in the place where the 
nine controlling nations of the world have 
sat together in peaceful and sympathetic con- 
sideration of one another's aims, needs 
and aspirations. 

Listening with thrilled intentness was a brill- 
iant assemblage, packed from floor to ceiling — 
soldiers and diplomats, statesmen, writers, 
journalists, legislators, men and women of 
world-wide fame — all listening to words and 

witnessing acts which have made a new epoch 
in history. 

The Conference on Limitation of Armament 
and Pacific and Far Eastern Questions had a 
success which was due " to two things," said 
Secretary Hughes. " In the first place," he 
said " we had a definite and limited aim." In 
the next place, we have had what each of the 
delegations who have spoken has emphasized, 
the spirit of generous cooperation. When we 
gathered, all promised cooperation and that 
promise has been faithfully kept. . . . What 
we have sought is an appreciation of the high- 
est national interest in efforts making for 
peace and the removal of unnecessary causes 
of controversy." 

Mr. Balfour spoke at this same concluding 
session of the " changed feelings of men." 
" Already," said he, " this feeling of mutual 
suspicion, mutual fear, has given way to a 
spirit of a very different character. Confidence 
has taken the place of mistrust." 

These two great leaders struck the keynote 
of the Conference. The great theme through- 
out was cooperation, good-will, mutual trust. 
When nations trust one another, we are on the 
highroad to peace. One cannot emphasize this 
thought too much. It is hard to realize how 
new it is in the history of international rela- 
tions. We are so very familiar with the spirit 
of cooperation in various narrower social rela- 
tions, that it is hard to realize that never before 
have nations met together in this spirit of 
mutual confidence instead of mutual distrust. 
Memorial Continental Hall, I repeat, will 
remain for all time a monument dedicated to 
this new thought in world relations, the thought 
of good faith, cooperation and trust as the 
guiding spirit of the nations dealing with one 
another — " The old order changeth," the old 
diplomacy has given place to new. The new 
has been tried and found to be a workable 
proposition. " Cards face up on the table " 
were found to be more potent than all the 
secret understandings whereby diplomats in the 
past have sought to over-reach one another. 
" Confidence has taken the place of mistrust." 
Only as we get further away from the scene 
shall we be able to sense the stupendous signifi- 
cance of it all. The halting of naval compe- 
tition and scrapping of huge existing arma- 
ments ; placing under the ban of civilized 
nations the barbaric warfare of Germany and 
her coward's weapons — the submarine and 
poison gas ; the settlement of the ominous 
questions of the Pacific, where a conflagration 
once started might have enveloped the whole 
world once more in flames of war — all these 
things and many others are among the achieve- 
ments of this Conference on Limitation of 
Armament which has met in our Hall as our 

u ?5 



" guests," as Secretary Hughes so graciously 
expressed it. 

We are, indeed, fortunate that we were privi- 
leged to have this small share in an event so 
significant for all mankind. Are we going to 
be worthy of this shrine, now made doubly 
sacred as the memorial of national patriotism 
and international good-will? Are we going to 
carry on in the spirit of the nine nations who 
have been our " guests ? " I believe we are. 
I believe that what has been happening in 
Memorial Continental Hall will be for our 
Society a new consecration to that spirit of 
democracy which we " wish to see supreme," 
and which was evidenced by the representatives 
of the great peoples who met under our roof. 
Are we not more than ever the guardians of 
this democracy that is ours and theirs? Con- 
secration to this spirit of democracy means 
service — service of home, service of country, 
service of God over all. There is so much 
that we can do ; the field of service is so wide ; 
the call to service is so imperative, we needs 
must answer, for this great democracy of ours 
has many enemies assailing it from within and 
without. A false democracy is seeking to 
overturn our representative form of govern- 
ment and to replace it with mob-rule or gov- 
ernment directly by the populace instead of by 
representatives. This is the false democracy 
of the socialist and communist. It is the more 
insidious because it masquerades as true democ- 
racy, deceiving the people. It masquerades also 
as " industrial democracy " founded on groups, 
industries, trades and classes as the political 
unit, instead of on geographic districts or 
numerical divisions of the whole people regard T 
less of class or occupation. 

This false industrial democracy leads to 
group or class legislation, " bloc " control of 
government and the dictation of powerful 
minorities. It holds the seeds of true democ- 
racy's death. 

There is likewise a false internationalism 
which seeks democracy's death. This is the 
socialistic internationalism which aims to oblit- 
erate all nationalities and differences of race, 
which mocks at patriotism and love of country 
and violates man's most sacred instincts in the 
name of universal brotherhood. My brother 
may live in a different house and yet he may 
be my brother ; there is no need for me to tear 
down his house and mine and obliterate all 
fences in an effort to do him a brotherly good 
turn. Yet this is what the false internationalist 
seeks to do when he strikes at nationality. In 
this he strikes at the very foundation of " Home 
and Country " — yours and mine and all men's. 

As guardians of the pure fire of patriotism 
and love of native land, it is our most sacred 
duty to concern ourselves with these dangers ; 

to build up true democracy on which the Re- 
public rests; to promote true internationalism 
through which the nations are bound together 
in the bonds of mutual faith and trust while 
preserving their national identity. Thus shall 
we " carry on " in the spirit of the 
great Conference. 

Our democracy is assailed by yet another 
danger. This is the slacker voter, both male 
and female. There are startling statistics 
revealed by the last census, which show that 
millions of eligible voters in this country are 
too indifferent to go to the polls. Out of 
54,421,832 eligible voters, 27,763,966 did not 
take the trouble to cast their vote — over one- 
half of our electorate, in other words, failed 
in this most sacred duty of citizenship and 
of this failure the women must bear their 
full share of responsibility. Is it any wonder 
that politics are corrupt, that selfish and 
cowardly men are in office all over this country 
for what they can get out of it? How many 
dare not do the right thing for fear of losing 
votes? Is it any wonder that we face the 
disheartening spectacle of political cowards 
cringing under the whip of powerful groups 
demanding legislation under threat of loss of 
votes if it is refused? This political fear in 
high places is the curse of our country, but 
whose fault is it? If 27,000,000 voters care 
so little who govern them that they voluntarily 
renounce the priceless privilege of self-govern- 
ing mankind, they have the kind of rulers they 
deserve. What will be the end of our democ- 
racy if our citizens are so careless of this 
great duty and moral obligation of the ballot? 

The price of free democracy is loyal, intelli- 
gent service in the primaries and at the polls. 
Put up clean, honest, fearless men for office 
.and then go and vote for them. Clearly this 
is your duty and privilege ; loyalty to Home 
and Country demands it. Can the country 
which our forefathers founded on the principles 
of self-government endure if its citizens are 
civic slackers? I cannot believe but that public 
conscience will awaken, will be shocked into 
animation by this startling revelation — will set 
itself to rectify this appalling evil. Remember, 
we women are one-half of the citizens of this 
Republic. We must help in this awakening. 
In every community Daughters of the American 
Revolution will here find a wide field of service. 
How dare we attempt to teach good citizen- 
ship to the foreigner if we are not good and 
faithful citizens ourselves? Let us be found 
among the intelligent, loyal and constant voters 
everywhere in our own communities, setting an 
example of good citizenship. Let us put coura- 
geous men in office — men who are not afraid to 
refuse to put the base dollar mark on patriot- 
ism ; who are not afraid to stand for the right 



because it is right ; who are not afraid of the 
soldier vote or the Irish vote or the German 
vote or the farmer vote, or any other bloc of 
votes, but dare to serve the best interests of the 
whole country, whatever happens to them. Let 
us be true to the democracy we so proudly teach 
and which, as Secretary Hughes so truly said 
of us, " we wish to see supreme." 

Another insidious danger assails the very 
heart of our democracy. This is the slacker 
home. It is said that the American home is 
" going into the discard." Must this flippant 
expression be regarded as truly stating the case? 
Are we American women no longer the guar- 
dians of the American home? It does require 
a determined act of faith to believe that the 
American home will survive the automobile and 
the movies, the thirst for pleasure and diversion, 
the restless urge of a world not yet stabilized 
after a universal convulsion, yet I have that 
faith. Inherent in the Anglo-Saxon is his love 
of his home and this country is fundamentally 
Anglo-Saxon. Inherent, also, in many of the 
nations which make up our foreign population 
is the love of home, but the ideals of the 
American home are not always theirs. To 
hold fast to these ideals is woman's distinct 
sphere of action, but this sphere is not bounded 
by the four walls of the house. It reaches out 
to better schools, purer movies, cleaner drama, 
modest dress, better discipline for the child at 
home and in school. An undisciplined child is 
good material for future upheavals and revo- 
lutions. It is said that the morals of the rising 
generation are as loose as its goloshes. I do 
not believe it. I have faith — faith in the young 
people of to-day, faith that they will make 
good and settle down when the world rocks a 
little less uneasily in the whirlpools left by 
the war. The world grows better — not worse — 
with every succeeding generation. There is 
too much pessimism. Weak lamentations will 
not help matters any. Acid criticism only 
rebounds against itself. Be constructive. 
" Keep the home fires burning," the family lamp 
alight. Its quiet radiance is needed in this 
jazz-weary world. The qualities which have 
made America what it is were born in the 
home and must remain there if democracy is 
to endure. Thrift, industry, honesty, kind- 
ness, truthfulness, courtesy, unselfishness, 
modesty, purity of heart and thought, a con- 
science quick to repel wrong, and above all 
religious faith — these are the products of a 
Christian home and these are the foundation 
stones of the nation. Build them into your home 
life lest democracy perish. Upon the homes 
that you make and your daughters make after 
you, this nation depends for its life. Washing- 
ton wrote in his Farewell Address, "Of all the 
dispositions and habits which lead to political 

prosperity, religion and morality are indispen- 
sable supports." Religion and morality, faith 
and right conduct ; help this nation to hold fast 
to them, for we have been drifting away. 

Recently a little book was brought to my 
attention with this title : " Keep God in Ameri- 
can History." Clearly its author points out the 
deep religious faith in the guidance of God 
that has prevailed throughout all stages of our 
history, from the age of discovery down 
through all the great crises in our national 
development. The leading motive of Columbus 
was to spread the Gospel, his first act in the 
New World was to raise the cross and kneel 
in prayer. 

Later, a Pilgrim band landed with the Bible 
and a Compact beginning " In the name of God 
Amen." Throughout all our history, the 
spoken and written words of our great leaders 
pay humble and constant tribute to the guiding 
hand of God ; our fundamental state documents 
recognize His sovereignty. The Declaration of 
Independence appeals to Divine justice as a 
witness. Washington was a man of prayer 
and supreme faith. When the makers of our 
Constitution were about to adjourn in failure, 
after four weeks of hopeless groping, Franklin 
rose and reminded the delegates that not once 
in their deliberations had they turned to God. 
" I have lived, sir, a long time," said he, 
addressing Washington in the chair, " and the 
longer I live the more convincing proofs I see 
of this truth that God governs in the affairs 
of men. And if a sparrow cannot fall to the 
ground without His notice, is it probable that 
an empire can rise without His aid? I, there- 
fore, beg leave to move, That hereafter 
prayers, imploring the assistance of Heaven 
and its blessing on our deliberations be held in 
this assembly every morning before we proceed 
to business." From that time on the delegates 
made successful progress with the Constitution, 
which thus had its birth in prayer. They finally 
fulfilled Washington's great exhortation, when 
he said to them, " Let us raise a standard to 
which the wise and honest can repair, the event 
is in the hands of God." 

Lincoln, in the black crisis of the Civil War, 
prayed that he " might be on God's side for 
God is always right," and to-day, President 
Harding has said in a recent speech, " No nation 
can prosper, no nation can survive, if it ever 
forgets Almighty God." 

Our greatest presidents, statesmen, lawyers, 
soldiers — all have woven God into their lives 
and into the life of the nation. Read their 
great state papers ; you will find God underlying 
all of them. It is significant that in this Hall 
the Armament Conference began and ended with 
prayer. " Keep God in American History." 
Say with Daniel Webster, " The ends I aim at 



shall be my country's, my God's and truth's." 

Let us, also, strive to keep truth in American 
history. There are those who are attempting 
to distort it to pander to their hatred of Eng- 
land under guise of love for America. Farcical 
attempts to re-write the school histories, which 
are thought to be too favorable to England, are 
being made and threatening pressure is being 
brought to bear on teachers and historians, 
whose only object is to be fair and speak the 
truth. This is nothing more nor less than 
deliberate anti-British propaganda ; it is the 
same old attempt in another form to set England 
and America against one another and to per- 
petuate the bitterness of a day long past. 

The unfriendly acts of Britian are dwelt 
upon, the friendly acts ignored, and a good 
word spoken or written for England, or an 
attempt to be fair to her, brings forth abuse 
and threats. 

It is useless thus to attempt to dispute the 
historic fact that American history has its 
roots in English history, that American liberties 
are sprung from English liberties from Magna 
Carta downwards, and that America is essen- 
tially English in origin and development, in 
laws, language and literature. Other nations 
have made later contributions, and to a lesser 
extent, to our national life, but not one of 
them can claim to be our motherland. 

The sinister attempt to wipe England out of 
our national life has not the truth for its object, 
but the base motives of prejudice and hate. 

Keep the truth in our histories, for history 
without truth ceases to be. 

As a Society dedicated to preserve the records 
of the past, this watchful guardianship of our 
history is one of our peculiar duties. If we do 
not guard our past with reverence, no one else 
will do it for us. Furthermore, what our 
children are being taught in general is also 
peculiarly our concern. The grave suspicion 
is coming to the nation that our children may 
not be getting the training in school that they 
ought to have — that the solid foundations of 
education and character are lacking in the 
public-school systems of to-day, leaving us 
with an appalling amount of illiteracy and weak 
moral fibre. However this may be, it is our 
business to find out the true conditions and 
remedy them if need be from the bottom up. 

Far better for the child is the good old- 
fashioned training in the elements of a sound 
education and the cardinal virtues of honesty, 
decency, integrity and truth than all the sump- 
tuous modern school houses you can build. 
Give him character and the good old funda- 
mentals of a sound education ; the high-brow 
superficialities will look out for themselves and 
will probably never be missed. 

Good homes, good schools — these are the 
nation's life, the very bone and sinew of a 
democracy within a Republic. See that you 
maintain them throughout our land as the 
fathers bequeathed them to you, and pass them 
on to your children's children and to the for- 
eigner within our gates. With friendliness and 
understanding, let us teach the foreigner the 
ideals of the forefathers, that they too may 
become American in thought and soul. Thus 
may we become in fact " one nation, indivisible, 
with liberty and justice for all." 

The " torches of understanding have been 
lighted," said President Harding in his farewell 
speech to the Armament Conference, " and they 
will glow and encircle the globe." This means 
an understanding among nations within our 
borders as well as throughout the world. It 
means trust and cooperation. It means that 
the greatest gift of the Conference to the world 
has been a spiritual gift. 

I believe we have been called back, after 
much wandering, to a keener world conscience, 
and a deeper faith in the government of God, 
for, where men meet in the spirit of peace on 
earth, good-will to men, there is God in the 
midst of them. 

" Then pealed the bells more loud and deep 
God is not dead nor doth He sleep ! " 
" The wrong shall fail, the right prevail 
With peace on earth, good-will to men ! " 

Keep God in the life of Home and Country 
and He will do the rest. 

" For what doth the Lord require of thee but 
to do justly, to love mercy, and to walk humbly 
with thy God." 

The second speech of the morning was 
made by Princess Cantacuzene, grand- 
daughter of President Grant. The Prin- 
cess recited the help Russia had given to 
America at various periods in her history. 

" Russia was the first to call for world 
peace," she said, " and Russia and America have 
many times worked hand in hand. Nervous, 
exhausted, anxious Europe is now trying hard 
to understand the criminals who have clutched 
Russia by the throat. The possibility of rebuild- 
ing Russia is great and America's good charac- 
ter gives her the leadership in the rebuilding 
of the world." 

Mrs. Livingston Hunter read her re- 
port as Chairman on the Committee on 
Credentials and stated that the total vot- 



ing strength was 2743, representing 950 
chapters with a membership of less than 
50; 620 with a membership from 50 to 
100 ; and 277 chapters with a membership 
of 100 or more. 

Mrs. George W. White, chairman of 
the Program Committee, presented her 
report which was unanimously accepted. 
Mrs. Henry B. Joy, chairman of the 
Committee on Resolutions, read the 
standing rules that were to govern 
the sessions of the Congress and an- 
nounced the following members of 
her committee : 

Mrs. Henry B. Joy, Chairman, Michigan ; 
Mrs. H. Eugene Chubbuck, Illinois ; Mrs. Frank 
D. Ellison, Massachusetts ; Mrs. Harold R. 
Howell, Iowa ; Mrs. Edward L. Harris, Ohio ; 
Mrs. John Trigg Moss, Missouri ; Miss Alice 
Louise McDuffee, Michigan ; Mrs. Robert J. 
Johnston, Iowa ; Mrs. Samuel E. Perkins, In- 
diana ; Mrs. James Lowry Smith, Texas ; Mrs. 
Andrew Fuller Fox, Mississippi ; Mrs. Howard 
L. Hodgkins, District of Columbia ; Mrs. Frank 
W. Bahnsen, Illinois ; Mrs. Kate Waller 
Barrett, Virginia. 

At the afternoon session reports of the 
National Officers were given. 

In her report as Chairman of the 
National Board of Management, Mrs. 
George M. Minor, the President General, 
told of five regular and four special 
meetings of that Board ; of her trip to 
France to dedicate the water system 
given by the National Society to the vil- 
lage of Tilloloy ; of placing Memorial 
Continental Hall at the disposal of the 
Government for the plenary sessions of 
the Conference on the Limitation of 
Armament ; and of the final settlement 
of the controversy relative to the Board 
Room in Memorial Continental Hall in a 
manner satisfactory to both parties. 

" You will be gratified to learn of the un- 
precedented increase in our Society during 
the past year," she continued, " which, in spite 
of the raising of our initiation fee, has broken 
all records. Last year we admitted 11,216 
members, and this year 12,515. Those who 

feared that the $5.00 initiation fee would check 
the increase in our Society, will, we feel sure, 
be agreeably disappointed. 

" Your President General dislikes to report 
that while the increase in the initiation fee did 
not affect the membership of the Society the 
same is not true as to the increase in the price 
of the Daughters of the American Revolu- 
tion Magazine, for our subscription list shows 
a decrease. We know this is not due to the 
quality of the Magazine for every number is 
full of interest, and of information which every 
Daughter should have. The present subscrip- 
tion price of two dollars a year is still much 
less than that of many other periodicals. Can 
you not bring up the subscription list? 

Mrs. Minor also reported that the funds 
for the three special projects on which 
the Society is working — the Immigrants' 
Manual, the War Painting, and the Pil- 
grim Mothers' Memorial at Plymouth, 
Mass., were near ing completion, and that 
the $100,000 worth of Liberty Loan bonds 
subscribed during the World War has 
been paid. She concluded her report with 
a tribute to the unselfish services of the 
members of the National Board of Man- 
agement and the clerical force of 
the Society. 

Among the interesting reports given by 
the National Officers Monday afternoon 
were those of Mrs. Selden P. Spencer, 
Chaplain General, Mrs. A. Marshall 
Elliott, Corresponding Secretary General, 
and Mrs. John Francis Yawger, Record- 
ing Secretary General, who stated that 
10,084 certificates of membership and 
1156 Block certificates had been sent out 
from her office during the year. Mrs. 
G. Wallace W. Hanger, Organizing Sec- 
retary General, gave some interesting 
statistics of the work of her office. She 
stated that 170 chapters had been organ- 
ized in the last two years ; Organizing 
Regencies confirmed, 131; Organizing 
Regencies expired, 37; Organizing Re- 
gents resigned, 2; Organizing Regents 
re-appointed, 32 ; chapters authorized, 
58; chapters organized, 116; chapters dis- 



banded, 16; chapters reinstated, 1; total 
number of chapters to date, 1847; total 
admitted membership, 179,309. 

The Registrar General, Miss Emma T. 
Strider, said in part in her report : 

Since the last Continental Congress, 12,515 
women have been added to our membership, 
the largest number ever admitted in one year 
in the history of the organization. The report 
of admissions, 1920-1921 was 11,216, so a 
gain of 1289 has been made over last year. 
The last national number accorded at the 
Board Meeting of April 15th was 179,309. 

In addition to the original application papers 
3254 supplemental have been accepted, a total 
of 15,769 papers verified, or an average of 
about 51 papers for every working day. Of 
these verified papers mentioned 3203 have added 
new records to our files. 

Mrs. Livingston L. Hunter, Treasurer 
General, presented her report in which 
was given an itemized statement of the 
receipts and expenditures of the National 
Society. The printed report, distributed 
to the delegates and alternates showed 
that the total receipts from every source 
amounted to $280,352.62 during the year, 
and the total disbursements $152,977.90. 
The sum of $79,784.74 had been expended 
for patriotic education and 73 educational 
and industrial institutions aided thereby. 

Reports of the Finance and Auditing 
Committees were given by their respective 
chairmen, Mrs. George W. White and 
Miss Jenn Winslow Coltrane. The latter 
also reported as Historian General. 

Miss Coltrane said in part: 

To date 43 States have sent in 107 
volumes of war service records, consist- 
ing of 13,000 records, and three others 
have their work well on the way to com- 
pletion. These books are gifts of richest 
value for future generations in particular, 
and our Society owes a debt of deepest 
gratitude to the women who have com- 

piled these records and we are justly 
proud and grateful for their service. 

In her report Miss Lillian M. Wilson, 
Reporter General to the Smithsonian In- 
stitution, called attention to the list of 
Revolutionary soldiers' graves located 
each year. The last list contained over 
250 names. The lists are published only 
in the Smithsonian Report and are of 
great genealogical value. 

The valuable reports made by Mrs. 
Frank Ellison, Librarian General, and 
Mrs. George W. White, Curator General, 
completed the afternoon session. 

The formal opening of the Congress 
took place on Monday night in the pres- 
ence of a notable assemblage in Memorial 
Continental Hall, comprising high Gov- 
ernment officials and distinguished diplo- 
mats. The speakers of the evening were 
Hon. Charles E. Hughes, Secretary of 
State ; M. Jusserand, the French Ambas- 
sador, and Sir Aukland Geddes, the Brit- 
ish Ambassador. 

In introducing Secretary Hughes, the 
President General stated : 

No words of mine are needed to introduce 
the first speaker of the evening. 

The eyes of all the world were upon him 
and his associates for the twelve weeks of the 
great Conference on Limitation of Armament. 
The hopes of all the world have hovered about 
him and those hopes have been justified. 

He honors us very highly in coming to us 
to-night ; his presence here gives us the 
opportunity to tell him face to face of the 
profound admiration that we have for his 
leadership in the great events which have made 
the Conference unique in the world's history. 
We rejoice in this opportunity to tell him of 
our deep appreciation of the significance of 
these events, which we believe have opened up 
an era of hope and blessing for all mankind. 

I have great honor in presenting the Honor- 
able Charles Evans Hughes, Secretary of State. 

In his speech Secretary Hughes said 
in part : 

" Five treaties were signed here but the 
assurance of amity is not given by mere for- 



mulae or documents. It lies in the earnest 
desire to remove causes of misunderstanding 
and distrust." 

Memorial Continental Hall, which had been 
dedicated to the institutions of liberty at home, 
is now also dedicated to the cause of inter- 
national friendship. 

" With the incessant flow of sensational 
narrative, with attention fixed on stories of 
crime and human frailty, what proportion of 
our voting population is able to observe with 
intelligent discrimination the course of political 
events and is prepared adequately to discharge 
the duties of citizenship. 

" How many of the relatively few who have 
the advantage of high school or college training 
know their American history? How many 
have the necessary equipment of information 
which enables them to appraise the actual 
working of our system of government — to dis- 
cern defects and to judge of remedies? 

" It must ever remain true that the most 
necessary and difficult study of free peoples is 
democracy itself. Yet with all proper em- 
phasis on the constant need of instruction and 
of a better understanding of our institutions, 
we are constantly reminded that mere knowl- 
edge is not enough. We need the civic wisdom 
which can only come from the long practice 
of a people imbued with the highest patriotism 
and the spirit of loyal service. 

" Public opinion should demand not only of 
our public servants but of all those who try 
to influence the public, either on the platform 
or through the press, a sense of civic 

" Nothing is more regretable than the appa- 
rent lack of it at this time. In the field of 
international affairs, recklessness of statement 
is especially injurious to the interests of the 
country. Some of our editors and public men 
write and speak as though what they said of 
foreign peoples and their government could not 
be seen or heard beyond the three-mile limit. 

" The first duty of a people that desires peace 
is to cultivate good-will and the only cure 
for intemperate statement is the resentment of 
an intelligent community. Let it be under- 
stood that those who indulge in diatribes against 
foreign peoples and their governments who hold 
them up to ridicule, who impute to them base 
motives and asperse their honors are enemies 
first of their own country and as such deserve 
universal censure." 

The French Ambassador, M. Jusser- 
and, who spoke after Mr. Hughes, pre- 
sented the thanks of his government for 
the gift by the D.A.R. of a water system 

to the devastated village of Tilloloy in 
France. The Ambassador spoke of the 
movement to preserve the fortifica- 
tions at Yorktown and approved the 
plan highly. 

In closing, he said : 

" I am glad to hear that a tablet will soon 
be unveiled in this hall which will commemorate 
the signing of the recent conference treaties 
here. I am proud to say that France was pres- 
ent at that conference, and that she is the only 
nation that had put into practice the principles 
for which that conference stood, even before it 
was called. The friendship between your coun- 
try and mine will ever flourish, and I present 
to you the thanks of France for your kindness 
to my countrymen." 

At the close of M. Jusserand's address, 
the President General presented to him 
the painting, " United States Troops 
Bound for France," the gift of the 
National Society to the French Govern- 
ment for its war museum in Paris, saying : 

When our Government asked this Society to 
present a painting of troopships to the French 
Government to be placed in the United States 
room of the War Museum in Paris, we re- 
sponded with pride and pleasure at the honor 
conferred upon us in thus being given an 
opportunity to have a share in this great memo- 
rial museum of the World War. We were 
fortunate in securing the services of one of 
America's foremost marine painters, Mr. 
Frederick J. Waugh, who had freely given his 
art to his country as a camouflage artist during 
the war, and who gladly accepted the commis- 
sion to paint this picture especially for our 
purpose. The subject, depicting a convoy of 
troopships conveying American soldiers to 
France, was assigned us by the Government, 
which desired to memorialize in this way this 
great branch of the service. It was deeply 
gratifying to us to be of service to our own 
Government by contributing such a painting and 
at the same time to have the opportunity to 
give this gift to our valued friend and ally, 
France. It is therefore with especial pleasure 
that I present this painting in the name of the 
National Society Daughters of the Ameri- 
can Revolution to the Government of the 
French Republic. 



The British Ambassador, Sir Auckland 
Geddes, in making the concluding speech 
of the evening, said : 

" I asked last year, when I had the pleasure 
of addressing you, that you persuade your 
Government to take the lead in calling the 
nations together to make peace more stable. 
I also urged that your members do all you 
could to prevent the spread of false infor- 
mation about other nations. 

" The British people realize the influence of 
the United States upon their countrymen, and 
we do not regret what happened at Yorktown, 
because from it a great part of the freedom 
of the British people has come. There we 
learned how to handle the distant colonies, and 
from it has sprung the growing freedom of the 
British dominions. 

" We learned there that nations could not 
live in the same house if one tried to dominate 
the other. Nations must decide their affairs 
for themselves. We learned there we could not 
centralize authority in one city over people scat- 
tered over the seven seas. Then, at the arms 

parley, we learned that if nations are to live 
together in friendship, they must be independent, 
but cooperating with one another. 

" England and America in some respects have 
a common past. I hope that the battlefield of 
Yorktown will be preserved for all time. 
America should realize that Yorktown is re- 
garded by us as one of the shrines of the 
British Empire, because it- forced the British to 
take government into their own hands." 

Ambassador Geddes then paid a tribute 
to the memory of the late Surgeon Gen- 
eral Gorgas, and asked the National 
Society to assist in the erection of the 
school as a memorial to him in Alabama, 
where sanitary workers are to be trained. 

" The international interest that knows no 
boundaries is that of health and prevention of 
disease. General Gorgas is immortal because 
he brought the knowledge of the laboratory into 
the field and swept out large areas of disease." 

The program for the evening session was as follows : 

Entrance of Pages escorting the President General. 

" Stars and Stripes Forever " — The Marine Band. Sousa 

Taylor Branson, Second Leader. 
Invocation : Rev. William S. Abernethy, D.D. 

Music : 

The Old Road John Prindle Scott 

The Awakening Gilbert Spross 

Mrs. William H. McGervey. 
Address : Hon. Charles Evans Hughes 

Secretary of State 
" Star-Spangled Banner " 

The Marine Band 
Address : 

Music : 

Address : 


Benediction : 

" Thomas Jefferson " — The Marine Band 

Mr. J. J. Jusserand 

Ambassador from France 

Lieut. Jean J. Labat 

Accompanied by Capt. Du Pont 

Sir Auckland C. Geddes 

Ambassador from Great Britain 

Rev. Wallace Radcliffe, D.D. 

(The account of Congress for the zveek will be concluded in the June Magazine) 


By Theodore T. Belote 

Curator of History, United States National Museum 

HE series of medals awarded 
by Congress in recognition of 
military and naval services from 
the period of the Revolution to 
that of the Civil War, in number 
and variety, exhibits a regular 
development from the time of the Revo- 
lution to that of the War of 1812, when 
the zenith is reached, and after this 
conflict the number of medals awarded 
for this purpose decreases until the Civil 
War, when only one medal of this char- 
acter was awarded. This is explained 
in the case of the War with Mexico by 
the fact that the naval operations of this 
war were negligible, and the military 
operations were confined principally to 
two expeditions led, respectively, by 
Major General Zachary Taylor and 
Major General Winfield Scott, who were 
the only recipients of medals of this type 
awarded for services during the War 
with Mexico. During the Civil War, two 
military decorations of the type awarded 
in European countries for military ser- 
vices were established by Acts of 
Congress, and the only medal awarded of 
the same character as those awarded 
during previous wars was one presented 

* The illustrations of the medals are from 
photographs taken by L. C. Handy, Washing- 
ton, D. C, of bronze replicas in the United 
States National Museum. 

to General Ulysses S. Grant, who had 
preeminently distinguished himself in the 
latter conflict. 

The expedition of the " Army of 
Occupation " of Mexico, as it came to be 
known under General Taylor, began on 
March 8, 1846, when camp was broken 
at Corpus Christi and a march along 
the coast towards the mouth of the 
Rio Grande at Matamoras was begun. 
The forces commanded by General 
Taylor came into collision with the 
Mexicans under General Arista on March 
8th, along the road from Point Isabel to 
Matamoras near Palo Alto, and the first 
major engagement of the war resulted. 
The road at this point runs between two 
lines of thicket, or chaparral, the one on 
the east being much further from the 
highway than the one on the west. The 
Americans came in sight of the enemy 
about noon, and after a brief halt 
advanced to the attack. The American 
right wing was composed of the Third, 
Fourth and Fifth regiments of infantry 
with Ringgold's light battery and 
Churchill's eighteen-pounders, the whole 
under the command of Colonel Twiggs. 
The left was guarded by the First bri- 
gade, under Lieutenant Colonel Belknap, 
and consisted of a battalion of artillery 
serving as infantry, Duncan's light 
battery, and the Eighth regiment of 




infantry. When the American forces 
had approached to within seven hundred 
yards of the Mexican lines, they were 
fired upon by the enemy's batteries. The 
American artillery at once replied and 
the battle thus from the very beginning 
took on the nature of an artillery duel, a 
character which in the main it continued 
to preserve until the Mexicans were 
defeated and had given up the field. At 
the end of an hour's time the Mexican 
commander realized that the American 
artillery was superior to his own and 

was frustrated by the Third Infantry. 
The Mexican artillery, which had 
advanced to support the cavalry and 
infantry attack on the American right, 
had been forced to retire by a battery 
of Ringgold's guns, and thus the enemy 
attack at this point completely broke 
down. Meanwhile, the encounter between 
the main lines of the American and 
Mexican forces was continuing with 
severe losses to the Mexican troops who 
bravely sought to support their artillery 
in close formation. The Mexican attack 




that to continue to subject his men to the 
deadly fire of the former was to ensure 
the defeat of his forces. He, accord- 
ingly, began to manoeuvre with a view to 
breaking the American line. His first 
movement in this connection was an 
attack on the American right, made with 
cavalry, supported by a body of infantry 
and two guns. The cavalry at first 
attacked from the direction of the 
chaparral at right angles to the American 
line, but were repulsed by the Fifth 
Regiment, which had been sent by 
General Taylor to oppose this movement. 
A portion of the cavalry then passed to 
the rear of the American forces with a 
view to cutting out the wagon train which 
was parked at this point. This movement 

on the American right having failed the 
enemy commander determined to try an 
attack on the left, which he doubtless 
presumed might have been weakened, to 
reinforce the other end of the line. In 
this design the enemy was assisted by the 
smoke and flame from the burning prairie 
which obstructed the view and seriously 
interfered with the accuracy of the 
American artillery fire. The attack on 
the American left was, however, per- 
ceived in time, and when the enemy 
approached this point they were met with 
such a deadly artillery fire that they 
faltered and finally fell back in confusion. 
A second advance ended in the same 
manner, and another cavalry attack upon 
the American right having failed the 


panic of the two retreating wings of the 
Mexican army communicated itself to the 
main body in the centre and all retreated 
together. Darkness now threw its pall 
over the field, which was quickly freed of 
all the Mexican troops. The Mexican 
commander now being convinced that his 
troops were no match for the Americans 
in the open prairie, at early dawn on the 
morning of the ninth retreated to a strong 
defensive position at Resaca de la Palma. 
At one o'clock on the ninth the 
Americans advanced in pursuit of the 

road, which precluded the use of artillery 
with any great degree of accuracy, 
against enemy troops, in the same manner 
as they had been employed during the 
preceding day. The Mexican guns on the 
north side of the ravine were, however, 
attacked by an American battery, but 
without decisive results. The former were 
captured soon after by a force of 
dragoons, and the American artillery thus 
could be posted on the northern crest 
from which position they prepared to 
attack the Mexican lines on the opposite 


enemy, and halted before the ravine of 
Resaca de la Palma, where he had taken 
refuge on the main road to Matamoras 
and about four miles from the latter 
place. The general outline of this ravine 
is a rather sharp curve resembling that of 
a shepherd's crook, with the convex side 
to the south. The main highway to 
Matamoras cuts the western side of this 
curve about in half. This road was pro- 
tected by the Mexican general, with three 
guns at the northern side of the ravine 
and four on the south. The Mexican 
infantry was stationed on the north and 
south crests of the ravine, and a strong 
force of cavalry in the rear. The entrance 
to the ravine was obscured by a thick 
growth of chaparral on both sides of the 

side of the ravine. The Mexican guns 
on the south of the ravine were captured 
by the Eighth Infantry, assisted by the 
Fifth, and the battle was decided in favor 
of the Americans by this bold stroke. 
The Mexicans at once retreated across 
the Rio Grande, and nightfall put an end 
to hostilities. The Rio Grande campaign 
had ended with the complete overthrow 
of Mexican military power to the north 
of that river. 

As the result of the operations just 
described by an Act approved July 16, 
1846, Congress resolved "That the thanks 
of Congress are due and are hereby ten- 
dered to Major General Zachary Taylor, 
commanding the Army of Occupation, 
his officers and men, for the fortitude, 



skill, enterprise and courage, which have 
distinguished the recent brilliant opera- 
tions on the Rio Grande," and " That the 
President of the United States be author- 
ized and requested to have a medal of 
gold procured, with appropriate devices 
and inscriptions thereon, and presented to 
General Taylor in the name of the 
Republic, as a tribute to his good conduct, 
valor and generosity to the vanquished." 
The medal presented in accordance 
with this resolution bore on the obverse 
the bust of General Tavlor to the right 

Taylor very similar in description to the 
one awarded for the battles of Palo Alto 
and Resaca de la Palma. The obverses 
of these two medals were identical. The 
reverse of the second bore the following 
inscription within an oak wreath, " Reso- 
lution of Congress March 2, 1847, 
Monterey, September, 1846." The reso- 
lution in accordance with which this 
medal was awarded read as follows : 
" Resolved unanimously by the Senate 
and House of Representatives of the 
United States of America in Congress 


in military uniform partly surrounded by 
the inscription " Major General Zachary 
Taylor." The reverse bore, within a 
wreath of laurel and palm entwined about 
a serpent swallowing its tail, a design 
emblematical of immortality, the follow- 
ing inscription " Re olution of Congress 
July 16, 1846, Palo Alto. May 8, 1846, 
Resaca de la Palma, May 9, 1846." 

After his victories at the two locations 
already described, General Taylor ad- 
vanced into Mexico, and after defeating 
the Mexican forces in a three days' 
conflict September 21st-23rd, captured 
the city of Monterey. In recognition 
of this victory, by an Act approved 
March 2, 1847, Congress presented 
a second gold medal to General 


assembled : That the thanks of Congress 
are due, and are hereby tendered, to 
Major General Zachary Taylor, his 
officers and men, for the fortitude, skill, 
enterprise, and courage which distin- 
guished the late brilliant military 
operations at Monterey and, that the 
President be requested to cause to be 
struck a gold medal, with devices 
emblematical of this splendid achieve- 
ment, and presented to General Taylor 
as a testimony of the high sense enter- 
tained by Congress of his judicious 
and distinguished conduct on that 
memorable occasion." 

The question now arose as to the 
advisability of confining the campaign to 
the occupation of the northern section of 


the enemy country or pushing on to the 
Mexican capital with a view to bringing 
the war to a successful conclusion. The 
decision was finally made by President 
Polk and his cabinet to send an expedition 
directly to the city of Mexico by way of 
Vera Cruz rather than risk the long and 
wearisome march over the deserts from 
the north. The Vera Cruz expedition 
was entrusted to the command of Major 
General Winfield Scott and a part of 
General Taylor's forces were detached 
from his command to join that expedition. 

days of February last, in the battle of Buena 
Vista, in defeating a Mexican army of more 
than four times their number, consisting of 
cbosen troops, under their favorite commander, 
General Santa Anna," and " that the President 
of the United States be requested to cause to 
be struck a gold medal, with devices em- 
blematical of this splendid achievement, and 
presented to Major General Zachary Taylor, 
as a testimony of the high sense entertained 
by Congress of his judicious and distinguished 
conduct on that memorable occasion." 

The obverse of the medal awarded in 
accordance with this resolution bore the 
undraped bust of General Taylor to the 


Learning this fact, the Mexican General 
Santa Anna conceived the idea of defeat- 
ing General Taylor before he could receive 
assistance. He, accordingly, attacked 
the Americans under Taylor at Buena 
Vista on February 23, 1847, where he 
met with a complete defeat. This 
engagement ended the serious work of 
the Americans in the northern section 
of Mexico. 

By an Act approved May 9, 1848, 
Congress resolved as follows : 

" That the thanks of Congress are due, and 
they are hereby tendered to Major General 
Zachary Taylor, and, through him, to the offi- 
cers and soldiers of the regular army of the 
volunteers under his command, for their valor, 
skill, and good conduct, conspicuously dis- 
played, on the twenty-second and twenty-third 

right above sprays of oak and laurel. 
Above the whole appears the inscription 
" Major General Zachary Taylor " and 
below " Resolution of Congress May 9, 
1848." The design of the reverse 
exhibits in remarkable detail the progress 
of the engagement for which it was 
awarded. Large bodies of troops are 
shown manoeuvring upon an open plain 
with high mountains in the background. 
The design is encircled by two serpents, 
one a rattlesnake, their heads and tails 
entwined in combat. Above appears the 
inscription " Buena Vista, February 22 
and 23, 1847," and below are sprays of 
cactus and oak. This was the final medal 
of the war granted in connection with the 
northern campaign. 



The events of the southern campaign 
have often been described in detail and 
are too well known to need repetition 
here. The American forces, commanded 
by General Scott, were everywhere vic- 
torious under his brilliant and efficient 
leadership. The city of Vera Cruz was 
captured by a combined land and naval 
attack after a brief siege and surrendered 
March 29, 1847. The advance upon the 
city of Mexico began April 8th. Ten 
days later the Mexicans were defeated 
at Cerro Gordo. The militarv advance of 

try and good conduct, conspicuously displayed 
at the siege and capture of the city of Vera 
Cruz and castle of San Juan d'Ulloa, March 
29, 1847; and in the successive battles of 
Cerro Gordo, April 18th ; Contreras, San 
Antonio, and Churubusco, August 19th and 
20th ; and for the victories achieved in front 
of the city of Mexico, September 8th, 11th, 12th 
and 13th; and the capture of the metropolis, 
September 14, 1847; in which the Mexican 
troops, greatly superior in numbers, and 
with every advantage of position, were in 
every conflict signally defeated by the 
American arms," and " that the President of 
the United States be, and he is hereby, requested 
to cause to be struck a gold medal, with 
devices emblematical of the series of brilliant 


the victorious forces was somewhat 
delayed by various negotiations under- 
taken with a view to making peace. 
These, however, failed and in the engage- 
ments of Contreras, August 19th, and 
Churubusco, August 20th, the Mexicans 
were again defeated. The climax was 
retched when the city of Mexico was 
captured September 14th, after victories 
had been gained at Molino del Rey, 
September 8th, and Chapultepec, Sep- 
tember 13th. 

In recognition of this almost unparalelled 
series of successes, by an Act approved March 
9, 1848, Congress resolved : " That the thanks of 
Congress be, and they are hereby, presented to 
Winfield Scott, Major General commanding-in- 
chief the army in Mexico, and through him to 
the officers and men of the regular and volun- 
teer corps under him, for their uniform gallan- 


victories achieved by the army, and presented 
to Major General Winfield Scott, as a testimony 
of the high sense entertained by Congress of 
his valor, skill, and judicious conduct in the 
memorable campaign of 1847." 

The medal awarded in accordance 
with this resolution bore on the 
obverse the undraped bust of General 
Scott to the left, with a scroll above, 
inscribed, " Major General Winfield 
Scott," and the inscription, " Resolu- 
tion of Congress March 9, 1848," below. 
In the space between the scroll and 
the inscription on either side the bust 
were arranged fifteen stars. The design 
of the reverse was extremely complicated 
and divided with exquisite detail into 
seven medallions, the central one repre- 
senting the taking of the city of Mexico, 


and the six surrounding ones, each of 
which was encircled by a wreath of oak 
and laurel, representing the following 
engagements, the names of which are 
inscribed within the respective medallions, 
Vera Cruz, Cerro Gordo, Contreras, 
San Antonio, and Churubusco, Molino del 
Rey, and Chapultepec. 

In recognition of his services during 
this expedition, the State of Virginia also 
presented to General Scott a gold medal 
of very interesting and artistic design. 
The obverse of this medal bore the bust 

of which are inscribed with the names of 
the engagements from Vera Cruz to the 
city of Mexico. Above appears the in- 
scription " Fecit quod cogitavit " or " He 
accomplished what he planned," and 
below " From Virginia." The entire 
design is encircled by a closed wreath of 
oak united at the bottom by a shield 
bearing the Virginia coat of arms. 

The medals described represent very 
well the military history of the War with 
Mexico. The whole story of that conflict 
is closelv connected with the work of the 


of General Scott to the left resting upon a 
tablet inscribed as follows : " The com- 
monwealth of Virginia presents this 
medal to Major General Winfield Scott 
as a memorial of her admiration for the 
great and distinguished services of her 
son whilst Commander-in-chief of the 
American armies in the War with 
Mexico, 1847. The tablet is flanked by 
trophies of Mexican arms with an 
American eagle poised at either end 
in an attitude of attack. The reverse 
bore a view of the American attack 
upon the city of Mexico with a 
fluted column in the foreground, the 
base of which is inscribed " 1812 " f and 
the top " 1848, Mexico." The column 
is hung with festoons of laurel, the bases 

two commanders whose services are 
commemorated by the awards just de- 
scribed. The two expeditions which they 
led accomplished the main objects with 
which the war was begun, and this was 
fittingly recognized by Congress in con- 
nection with the services thus rendered. 

The period of the Civil War marks the 
final award to date by Congress of a 
military medal of the character just 
described and the beginning of a system 
of recognition of special military and 
naval services by means of decorations 
established as a class and awarded for 
individual acts of bravery or special 

t Referring to General Scott's achievements 
during the War of 1812 already described in 
the second article of this series. 



services. The final medal of the charac- 
ter under discussion to be awarded was 
presented to General Ulysses S. Grant in 
accordance with an Act of Congress 
approved December 17, 1863, in recog- 
nition of his services in connection with 
the opening of the Mississippi River and 
the victories of Fort Donelson, Vicksburg 
and Chattanooga. The obverse of this 
medal bore the bust of General Grant 
to the left in military uniform with the 
inscription " Major General Ulysses S. 
Grant " above and " Joint Resolution of 
Congress December 17, 1863," below. 
This design is surrounded by two circles 
between which appear at the top a spray 
of laurel and oak and at the bottom a 
circular wreath of sugar cane, tobacco, 
cotton and wheat. Between the outer 
circle and the rim of the medal are thir- 
teen stars arranged in four groups, three 
at the top, three on either side, and four 
at the bottom. The reverse design is 
divided in the central foreground by a 
pyramidal trophy of arms surmounted by 
a liberty cap. On the left appears a view 
of the Mississippi River, with Vicksburg 
in the background ; on the right the 
Tennessee River at Chattanooga ; above 
upon a rainbow spanning this design 
appears a female figure representing 
America holding in her right hand a shield 
inscribed " Donelson " and in her left a 
cornucopia. The whole is enclosed by 
two circles between which flows the 
Mississippi River, with a gunboat above 
and below, and a river steamer on either 
side. Between the outer circle and the 
rim of the medal are thirteen stars 
arranged in the same manner as those on 
the obverse. 

The medal just described was the only 
one of this character awarded by Con- 
gress during the Civil War, and closes 
the long list of such awards which 

began with the gold medal awarded 
by the Continental Congress to General 
Washington for the recovery of Boston 
from the British in 1776. which was 
described in the first of this series 
of articles. 

Prior to the award of the medal 
described above to General Grant, Con- 
gress by an act approved December 21, 

1861, established the first permanent 
American war decoration in the strictly 
modern sense of that term, J by the 
institution of the Naval Medal of Honor 
for award to " such petty officers, sea- 
men, landsmen, and marines as shall 
most distinguish themselves by their 
gallantry in action and other seamenlike 
qualities during the present war." The 
establishment of this decoration which 
was followed by an act approved July 12, 

1862, establishing a similar decoration for 
the Army, marks the beginning of the 
adoption by the United States Govern- 
ment of the policy of awarding military 
and naval decorations of modern type to 
the personel of the Army and the Navy 
for special services, of the same type as 
the decorations of European countries 
and the abolition of the custom of award- 
ing special gold or silver medals of the 
type issued from the period of the 
Revolution to that of the Civil War. 

As originally designed both the Army 
and Navy Medals of Honor consisted of 
a bronze five-pointed star, each point 
terminating in trefoils and bearing a 
branch of laurel and oak. A central 
medallion bore a female figure represent- 

t The badge or decoration of the Purple 
Heart, established by a Order of General 
Washington as Commander-in-Chief of the 
Army at Newburgh, in 1782. would undoubt- 
edly have become as well known as the present 
Medal of Honor had Washington's plans in 
this connection been realized ; but for some 
unknown reason the award of this honor was 
apparently discontinued after it had been 
bestowed upon three recipients. 


ing America as Minerva wearing a helmet 
surmounted by an eagle; her left hand 
rests upon fasces and with the United 
States shield in her right she is repulsing 
a crouching male figure armed with ser- 
pents representing the forces of Discord. 
The Army medal was attached to a bronze 
eagle, displayed, above crossed cannon 
and a group of nine cannon balls, the 
whole suspended from a ribbon with 

graved in the case of the Naval medal 
with the name, rank and ship of the 
recipient, and the place and date of the 
deed for which given, with the legend 
" Personal Valor " above. In the case of 
the Army medal, the name of the recipient 
was given, preceded by the legend " The 
Congress to " and followed by his mili- 
tary rank, name of the organization to 
which he was attached, and the place and 


thirteen alternate red and white stripes 
and a solid blue top to which was attached 
a clasp bar with a shield in the center, 
a spray of laurel below, and a cornucopia 
at either end. The Navy medal was 
attached to an anchor suspended from an 
open bar of fasces, with a star in the 
center, and a similar bar clasp without 
the star at the top of the ribbon which 
was the same as that of the Army medal. 
The reverses of both these medals were 
plain. When awarded these were en- 


date of the deed for which the medal 
was awarded. 

The development of the policy in con- 
nection with the award of the Army 
Medal of Honor during the Civil War 
is most interesting. The original act 
establishing the/ decoration provided for 
its award " To' such non-commissioned 
officers and privates as shall most distin- 
guish themselves by their gallantry in 
action and other soldier-like qualities 
during the present insurrection." Thus 
the Army medal like the Navy medal 



might be awarded for other soldier-like 
qualities as well as bravery in action and 
was also like the latter for award only to 
non-commissioned officers and enlisted 
men. By a section of an act approved 
March 3rd of the following year the 
possible award was extended to commis- 
sioned officers and the limitation as to the 
period of the Civil War was removed. 
It was, however, at the same time pro- 
vided that the deed for which the 
medal was awarded should have been 
accomplished in action, thus departing 
from the usage in the case of the 
naval medal which continued to be 
awarded for acts of gallantry performed 
in other connections. 

The Army Medals of Honor granted 
for special services during the Civil War 
cover, however, a very wide range of 
action. The most usual exploit for 
which a Medal of Honor was awarded 
seems to have been in connection with 
the colors and consisted either in the 
defense of the United States colors or the 
capture of the colors of the enemy. To 
accomplish the latter seemingly assured 
to the individual concerned such an 
award. In many such cases of course 
extraordinary bravery was shown. Other 
acts of bravery to be thus awarded con- 
sisted in facing large bodies of the 
enemy alone until the unit of which the 
recipient was a member had been rallied, 
in leading small bodies of troops to the 
attack, and in being the first to enter the 
enemies' works. Many were granted for 
bravery in connection with the defense 
of batteries. The spectacular attempt of 
twenty-two men of Major General P. M. 
Mitchel's command, who in April, 1862, 
" penetrated nearly two hundred miles 
south into the enemy's territory and cap- 
tured a railroad train at Big Shanty, 
Georgia, in an attempt to destroy the 
bridges and track between Chattanooga 

and Atlanta,"§ was rewarded in the case 
of six survivors of the expedition with 
Medals of Honor. These appear to have 
been the first military medals of honor to 
be awarded and the exceptional bravery 
of the men who received them can scarcely 
be doubted, although opinions may vary 
as to the legitimacy of their undertaking 
as a military enterprise. An exceptionally 
generous distribution of medals of honor 
was made in January, 1865, when such 
medals were issued to all the members of 
the Twenty-seventh Maine Infantry, who 
mustered out with that organization 
because about 300 officers and enlisted 
men of the regiment had volunteered to 
remain in service until the result of the 
Battle of Gettysburg was known, although 
their term of enlistment expired July 1st. 
Medals of Honor were also awarded to 
the twenty-nine officers and non- 
commissioned officers who formed the 
escort of President Lincoln's body from 
Washington, D. C, to Springfield, 
Illinois. fl These two cases were, how- 
ever, of an exceptional character and 
medals of honor were issued in connection 
with the Civil War period for the most 
part for individual and exceptional acts 
of bravery, which would in most cases 
measure up to the present standard for 
the award of that medal; namely, that it 
can be given only for conduct of such a 
character as to rank higher than the mere 
discharge of a dangerous duty; or in 
other words, for an act which if unper- 
formed could not justly subject the 
individual in question to censure, and 
which when performed distinguishes him 
" conspicuously by gallantry and intre- 

§ See Battles and Leaders of the Civil War, 
vol. ii, page 79. 

U The history of the Medal of Honor during 
the period of the Civil War is well described 
in a publication of exceptional merit, War 
Medals of the United States, by Bauman L. 
Belden, from which the above data was secured. 


pidity at the risk of his life, alone and 
beyond the call of duty." 

The method of awarding the Naval 
Medal of Honor for special services dur- 
ing the Civil War was very similar to 
that followed in case of the Army medal. 
The Navy medal could, however, during 
that period, be awarded only to enlisted 
men and was not as in the case of the 
Army medal available for award to 
commissioned officers. On the other 
hand, the award of the Navy medal was 
not as in the case of the Army medal 
confined to recognition of acts performed 
in actual contact with an enemy, a con- 
dition, indeed, as has already been stated, 
not always observed in the award of the 
Army medal ; the Naval medal might 
under the law have been awarded for 
heroic deeds performed in the line of 
naval duty of any character whatever. 
Actually, however, the Naval Medals of 
Honor awarded for services during that 
period seem to have been confined to acts 
performed under fire or at least within 
the actual fighting zone. 

There are thus a number of points of 
special interest and importance in connec- 
tion with the history of these two medals 
which have continued to be the highest 
awards of this type to be issued by the 
United States Government since the time 
they were first established. The Naval 
medal was the first to be authorized, 
being established in December, 1861. 
The establishment of the Army medal 
followed in 1862. The medals were at 
this time identical in design but were 
suspended from clasps of different types, 
as explained above, and the inscriptions 
used on the reverse were not the same. 

In spite of the fact that the medals were 
established originally and primarily to 
reward special services rendered during 
the Civil War and that their designs were 
symbolic of that conflict, the original 
design was used on the Army medals of 
honor awarded for services rendered 
subsequent to that period until 1904, when 
the design was changed to one of a more 
appropriate character, and the original 
design of the Naval Medal of Honor was 
retained until a new design was estab- 
lished to be awarded for services during 
the war with Germany. Of correspond- 
ing interest and importance is the fact 
that the Army Medal of Honor was 
awarded to non-commissioned officers 
and enlisted men only during the period 
from 1861 to 1863, since which time it 
has been awarded to commissioned offi- 
cers as well. The Naval Medal of 
Honor was awarded to petty officers and 
enlisted men only from 1861 to 1915, 
when Congress authorized its award to 
commissioned officers also. 

As already stated, the establishment of 
the Medal of Honor for the Army and 
the Navy during the Civil War marked 
a distinct step in the development of the 
American war decoration. The practice 
of awarding special gold or silver medals 
for military and naval services was dis- 
continued at that time. A long period 
was to elapse before other military and 
naval decorations were to< be established 
by the United States Government, but 
the close of the war with Germany in 
1918 was destined to render the possible 
awards of this character available to those 
in the military and naval services of the 
United States as complete and varied as 
was the case in most European countries. 


By Anna Phillips See 

HREWD as their Scotch ances- 
tors are the people of Pelham, 
Massachusetts, who still cast 
their votes in the ancient Town 

Hall at the " Centre." To be 
sure, the " Centre " is an aban- 
doned hilltop, but the inconvenience of 
travelling up a two-mile grade in winter 
is nothing compared with the possession 
of the oldest town hall in New England — - 
perhaps in the country. This Town Hall 
has been in continuous public use for 178 
years and was erected some thirty years 
before Lexington or Bunker Hill or the 
Declaration of Independence. 

The relic is the bridge that connects 
Pelham of to-day with an honorable and 
thrilling past. What small town has 
witnessed more exciting experiences 
than the church war with Parson 
Abercrombie, the escapade of the clerical 
imposter, Stephen Burroughs, the " Sup- 
plyer," or the insurrection hatched at 
Conkey's Tavern known in history as 
Shays' Rebellion? 

The old town hall, built in 1743, was the 
first church of the settlement and was 
used from the beginning for both civil 
and religious meetings. On the floor were 
square box pews assigned to different 
families according to their rank and 
dignity. The pulpit was high above the 
congregation and reached by a long flight 
of steps ; for the minister must needs see 
the folks in the gallery as well as in the 

pews. Above the pulpit hung a great 
sounding board. To-day some of the old 
pews made of stout yellow pine, are stfll 
intact though much bewhittled by genera- 
tions of mischievous boys. 

It is said that Lord Pelham, for whom 
the town was named, so appreciated the 
honor that he sent a church bell. After 
a safe voyage from England it arrived in 
Boston, but as no money was forthcom- 
ing to pay the freight charges, it remained 

in storage. The people of Boston finally 
bought it and hung it in the tower of 
the old South Meeting house, where it 
remains to this day. 

In the Pelham 
Church there was a 
curious custom 
brought from Scot- 
land of attendance on 
the Lord's Supper by 
means of admission checks of lead called 
" Tokens." These Tokens, stamped with 
the letters " P. P.", signifying Pelham 
Presbyterian, were given out by the min- 
ister at the preparatory service held the 
week before the communion. If a church 
member was absent from this service and 
so received no Token, he could not par- 
take of the communion. After each 
Lord's Supper the Tokens were collected 
and placed in the keeping of elder or 
minister till the next preparatory lecture. 
After the Pelham Presbyterian Church 



was merged in the Congregational de- 
nomination, the Tokens, which would 
have been such priceless relics of a rare 
colonial custom, were given away as 
souvenirs by one of the pastors of the 
church. Two Tokens, however, are still 
treasured in Pelham. 

Was it a Scotch custom also to bury 
the dead in coffins painted a bright red or 

by the wealthy. In Boston a school 
was established to teach the art of spin- 
ning with foot wheels and the highest 
ladies came as pupils. The women of 
Pelham sold their fine linen cloth at good 
prices and flax was the most important 
crop next to the food grains. Another 
novelty brought to New England by the 
Scotch was the potato. It was a coarse 


was paint of that hue the least expensive? 
We read that coffins of this brilliant color 
were made by one Ezra Brown at his 
" turning shop." 

The women of Scotland excelled in the 
spinning of fine linen thread and brought 
with them to' this country the " Little 
Wheel," called also the " Foot Wheel." 
This made a finer and more even thread 
than the cumbersome large wheels used 
by the English colonists, and the cloth 
spun from this thread was correspond- 
ingly finer and better. " Scotch linens " 
at once became fashionable and in demand 

tuber which the natives refused to eat or 
even consider fit for the diet of anyone. 

The history of Pelham is bound up 
with the old church which is now called 
the Town Hall. The Scotch pioneers 
who settled this tract among the hills came 
to free America that they might worship 
according to their own ideas. Because 
of racial feuds in the north of Ireland, 
whither they had removed from Scotland 
at the behest of King James I, they immi- 
grated once more — this time to New 
England. Five ship-loads of Scots 
arrived at Boston in 1718. Some re- 



mained in that city, some went to Andover 
and Worcester, while sixteen families 
dared the wilderness and founded Lon- 
donderry, N. H. The Worcester colony 
was unhappy there and bought the town- 
ship (a part of East Amherst) that was 
incorporated as Pelham, January 15, 1742. 
The peace which they did not have in 
Ireland or in Worcester evaded them 

preached a sermon calculated to stir the 
most hardened conscience. 

The Presbytery at last took a hand 
in the quarrel and impeached Mr. 
Abercrombie on the question of " Infant 
baptism." When he refused to yield in 
the slightest degree, they suspended him 
from his pastorate and appointed certain 
" Supplyers " to fill the pulpit, ordering 

Pub. by Willard 


after they had founded a town and church 
to embody their ideals. The call to their 
first pastor, Rev. Robert Abercrombie, 
was by no means unanimous ; the church 
was split almost before it was organized. 
Mr. Abercrombie was a born fighter and 
his congregation was animated by the joy 
of combat. There ensued a church war 
that lasted for eight years, and two law- 
suits, the second of which was not settled 
till 1759! An unhappy outcome of the 
solemn ordination at which Jonathan 
Edwards, minister at Northampton, 

the selectmen to close the meeting house 
doors against him. At this the militant 
minister " saw red " and the selectmen 
trembled ! When the first Supplyer 
appeared on the scene, Mr. Abercrombie 
refused him the pulpit. The Supplyer, 
much bested, implored the Selectmen to 
allow him to preach on Monday instead 
of Sunday, which was granted. On 
Monday the selectmen kept the doors 
locked until the preacher arrived, then 
two of them hustled him into the pulpit 
while two others forcibly restrained Mr. 


Abercrombie from entering the same. 
Supposing the " fighting parson " had 
mounted those stairs, what would have 
happened in the old Pelham church? No 
wonder it is recorded that the " Supplyer 
in a most precipitate manner began 
the service ! " 

Whatever the rights of the quarrel 
between pastor, presbytery and congre- 
gation it was most unfortunate for 
the settlement. The reputation for 
inharmoniousness kept other colonists 
from joining them and ministers would 
not accept the pastorate. For long periods 
the church had no minister but was 
dependent on Supplyers. During one 
interim of nine years the town was 
indicted in 1763 by the Grand Jury of 
Hampshire County and ordered to appear 
in court to answer for neglect. At last 
the stormy Pelham church met its " come- 
uppance " in the person of the unique 
religious fraud known in history as the 
" Supplyer Stephen Burroughs, alias 
Rev. Mr. Davis." 

On an April morning in 1784 a person- 
able young man of nineteen rode up 
West Hill to the home of Deacon 
Ebenezer Gray with a letter of introduc- 
tion which affirmed that the bearer, " Rev. 
Mr. Davis," was well fitted to act as 
Supplyer for the Pelham church. Deacon 
Gray engaged the young man at a salary 
of $5 a Sunday beside board and " horse- 
keeping." Had the isolated settlement 
of Pelham been more sophisticated, they 
would have been warned by the unclerical 
garb of the applicant, for he wore a coat 
of light gray with silver buttons, a vest 
of green and breeches of red velvet ! The 
Supplyer proved satisfactory, and if he 
had not been obliged to preach a funeral 
sermon in a private house he might never 
have been found out. As it happened, 
some one looked over his shoulder and 
saw that the manuscript was dingy with 

use and yellow with age. In short, the 
sermon could not have been written by 
the young man. Suspicion spread through 
the community, for the most important 
qualification for a Scotch Presbyterian 
minister was the ability to compose dis- 
courses. The Pelhamites, accordingly set 
a trap. The following Sunday the elders 
halted the young man at the church door, 
just at service time, and asked him to 
preach from a clause in the fifth verse of 
the ninth chapter of Joshua : " And old 
shoes and clouted up on their feet." 

The Supplyer, apparently not discon- 
certed, mounted to the high pulpit and 
conducted the preliminaries to the sermon, 
having only this short time in which to 
think out a discourse on such a barren 
passage of scripture as had been thrust 
upon him. He was more than equal to 
the test, however, and preached such a 
sermon as convinced all that he was able 
to think out a discourse on any topic 
whatsoever. At the close he scored the 
congregation so that they writhed on their 
hard wooden seats. 

After this proof of his ability as a 
preacher, Davis was left in quiet until 
his Dartmouth College friend, Joseph 
Huntingdon, unexpectedly dropped down 
on him for a visit. During his stay of 
several days he repeatedly addressed 
Davis as " Burroughs," and suspicion was 
again aroused. Realizing that the game 
was played out and no doubt congratulat- 
ing himself that he had preached fifteen 
of the sixteen Sundays for which he 
was engaged and that he had collected 
pay for all of them, Burroughs rode away 
by night to Rutland, Massachusetts. The 
excited Pelhamites immediately started in 
pursuit. What they proposed to do with 
him is not known, but they ached to lay 
their hands on him! In the streets of 
Rutland, Burroughs faced an angry mob, 
knocked down with a stone Doctor 



Hinds, the physician of Pelham, and 
finally defied them all in a barn where 
he had the affrontery to preach the 
" haymow sermon." 

At this there was a discussion between 
the Pelhamites and the Rutlanders, the 
former insisting that the Supplyer was a 
criminal and the latter deeming it no 
offence to preach under an assumed name 
if the preaching was good! Or even to 
collect $5 in advance ! A compromise 
was reached and all, including Burroughs, 
went to Wood's Tavern, where he spent 
the mooted $5 in refreshment for the 
crowd. At this juncture Doctor Hinds 
appeared, smarting in body and in spirit. 
As he was Pelham's heaviest taxpayer, 
they decided to arrest Burroughs, where- 
upon he locked himself into a room in 
the second story of the tavern, jumped 
from the window to the shed roof and 
so escaped. 

And who was this young rascal posses- 
sing so much courage and brain but no 
moral responsibility ? Sad to relate he 
was the proverbial minister's son, the only 
child of Rev. Eden Burroughs, pastor at 
Hanover, N. H. At the age of seventeen 
he was expelled from Dartmouth College 
and in quest of adventure shipped as 
doctor on a packet bound for France. 
Returning home he was caught in a rob- 
bery and forced to leave Hanover. Then 
it was that he helped himself to a 
saddlebag full of his father's old sermons 
and rode southward through the Connec- 
ticut valley until he came to Pelham. 
The subsequent career of this talented 
young fraud was notorious. His adven- 
tures as clerical imposter, alchemist, 
passer of counterfeit money, convict, 
reformed man, and teacher were pub- 
lished in his book called the Life 
of Burroughs. 

The private rebellion of the Pelhamites 
against their religious fraud was soon 

followed by another of a more serious 
nature against the state. Shays' Rebel- 
lion, the leader of whicTi was Daniel 
Shays, of Pelham, was hatched at the old 
Conkey Tavern in the " Hollow," where 
the more turbulent spirits met to talk over 
their grievances. 1 he people were now 
passing through hard times due to the 
War of the Revolution. If taxation for 
the World War appears heavy to us now, 
what must the taxes have seemed to an 
impoverished population when one-third 
of all money raised for the government 
was by direct taxation — and there were 
only 90,000 polls in Massachusetts. We 
should have said, " Fund the war debt, 
pay interest annually and reduce the 
principal by instalments," but the instal- 
ment plan had not then been invented. 
Private indebtedness was very large, 
paper money of little value and specie 
hard to obtain. The law satisfied neither 
debtors nor creditors, and the poor hated 
all courts and all lawyers. The farmers 
of western Massachusetts came at last to 
believe that if they could prevent the 
sessions of the courts in the shire towns 
of the state, they would end the entry and 
trial of suits for debt. 

With this purpose Captain Shays, of 
Pelham, and Captain Billings, of Amherst 
(veterans of the war), raised a body of 
troops in Hampshire County. During 
the fall and winter of 1786-7 the insur- 
gents were active, closing so many 
courthouses that Governor Bowdoin was 
forced to issue a warrant for the arrest 
of the leaders and to call out 4400 of the 
State Militia under Major General 
Lincoln. After an unsuccessful attempt 
to capture the State Arsenal at Spring- 
field, during which four of the rebels were 
killed, Shays retreated through the deep 
snow to South Hadley and Amherst on 
his way to Pelham. General Lincoln in 
pursuit trailed Shays' forces, so the story 


goes, in a peculiar manner. One of the 
rebels wore a knitted woolen cap a thread 
of which caught on the branch of a tree. 
As the man walked the cap unravelled 
and the thread guided the pursuers. 
This, however, may be only a yarn! 

On that winter day in January, 1787, 
the dwellers along the road from Amherst 
to Pelham saw 1100 men weary and foot- 
sore, toiling through the drifted snow. 
The men finally reached the top of West 
Hill and halted before the old Pelham 
church, now the Town Hall. Part 
camped there, and part moved down 
through the " Hollow " past Conkey's 
Tavern and up to the summit of East 
Hill, where they stayed five days. When 
Shays feared that General Lincoln would 
rout him from his strong position on the 
hills, he retreated once more to Petersham. 
Here Lincoln surprised him and the rebel 
leader fled, leaving his men to get away as 
best they could. 

This ended the insurrection. The State 
wished to impress on the people that it 
was dangerous business to rebel and 
imposed various penalties. Twelve men 
were sentenced to be hung though Shays, 
unjust as it may seem, was not one of 
them. It is a matter of history that by 
order of the governor, John Hancock, the 
condemned men, did not receive their 
pardon until they had actually mounted 
the gallows ; a rather cruel method of 
teaching the wisdom of loyalty to 
the State. 

The people of Pelham shared in the 
" drive " a century ago for the founding 
of Amherst College, as it is recorded 
that Wells Southworth gave the first 
load of granite for the foundations. 
Two years later Adam Johnson (donor 
of Johnson Chapel) willed $4000 to 
the " Collegiate Charity Institution in 
Amherst." The will was contested by 
Johnson's brother, a poor man, who had 

received but $12 from the estate. He 
declared that he had been cheated out of 
an inheritance by undue influence and 
published a pamphlet to let the world 
know of it. The closing paragraph runs 
as follows: "Nevertheless, as Amherst 
Trustees never rested till they got the 
principal part of my brother's property 
into their possession and as I am an old 
man * * * and my earthly property all 
consumed, yet would will and bequeath 
this composition of Scripture truth for 
the benefit of Amherst Trustees * * * 
namely, " Am I therefore become your 
enemy because I tell you the truth?" 

The tale of the Pelham " Bad Boy " is 
gleaned from the court records of 
Northampton. In the early days a 
family named Hyde settled in the Hollow 
and one of the children, Samuel, was 
into all kinds of mischief. He was finally 
arrested by John Worthington, Esq., 
attorney for " ye Lord ye King," and 
taken to court at Northampton. Let the 
quaint records tell the story : 

" De Rex vs. Hyde, ' 1765. John 
Worthington, Esq., attorney for ye Lord 
ye King in this behalf comes here and 
gives this court to understand and be 
informed that Samuel Hyde, of Pelham, 
in ye county of Hampshire, yeoman in 
the night next following the third day of 
May instant, did with force and arms 
privately and secretly in the night time set 
up and erect a large log against one of ye 
doors of ye dwelling house of William 
Fergerson of said Pelham yeoman and 
did also set up and erect as aforesaid a 
large Hoggs Trough against another of 
ye doors of said house all with intent to 
obstruct and hinder ye passage through 
ye doors aforesaid, and also that s d Hyde 
on ye same Night did with force and arms 
and Secretly as aforesaid take six shirts 
ye Goods and chattels of ye said William 
Conkev from a fence near his house 



aforesaid where they were hanging and 
ye same shirts ye said Hyde did then and 
there in ye manner aforesaid throw on ye 
Ground or rowl in ye dirt so that said 
shirts were much Damnified. Also that 
said Hyde did then and there in like man- 
ner break and destroy fourteen Goose 
eggs the proper goods and chattels of said 
William then being in said William's 
barn, and also then and there with force 
and secrecy throw down twenty rods of 
fence partly surrounding one Close of 
W T illiam Conkey of Pelham Yeoman, and 
did then and there take off from ye hinges 
with force and arms and secretly as 
aforesaid one barn door from ye barn of 
William Conkey of said Pelham Yeoman, 
and ye same door put under water in a 
pond there and heaped stones on ye same 
to keep it Sunken and Secreted under ye 
water, all which is against Law and 
Contrary to ye peace of ye said Lord 
ye King his Crown and Dignity. The 
said attorney of ye Lord ye King appears 
and ye said Samuel being held comes here 
and being set to ye Bar and put to plead 
says he will not Contend with ye King. 
It is therefore considered by ye Court 
how here that said Samuel for his said 

offence shall pay a fine of two shillings to 
ye King and Costs of prosecution taxed 
at two Pounds five shillings and four 
pence two farthings." 

It appears that the naughty Samuel 
learned well this lesson, for we read that 
he grew up to be a respected citizen and 
a deacon in the Scotch Presbyterian 
church of Pelham and was often Moder- 
ator of the town meeting. 

To-day in Pelham there are fewer 
people above ground than lie in the eleven 
graveyards of the town. One epitaph is 
often quoted. It is in the burial ground 
on the Packardville road — a white marble 
slab about seventy years old. 

Warren Gibbs 

Died by Arsenic Poison 

Mch 23, 1860 aged 36 years 

5 months and 23 days 

Think my friends when this you see 
How my wife hath dealt by me 
She hi some oysters did prepare 
Some poison for my lot and share 
Then of the same I did partake 
And nature yielded to its fate 
Before she my wife became 
Mary Felton was her name. 

Erected by his brother 
Wm. Gibbs 


^i^ppg^tej—;.-^^ U ^3*i 



^^^^^si : i ! ^k 


By Blanche Waldo Ayers 
Ex-Regent of General Knox Chapter 

BOUT nine years ago the sub- accurate description of the mansion from 

ject of a memorial to Gen. personal recollection. 

Henry Knox was agitated when Mrs. Hazlett's father, Reverend 

some money was pledged and Richard Woodhull, was one of the execu- 

given, enough to purchase land tors of the Knox estate and when the 

not far from the beautiful 
Knox Mansion, known as " Montpelier." 

Work had hardly been started when 
our country entered into the World War, 
and all memorial work in Maine ceased, 
the State Conference 
voting to give the 
money, which had 
been set aside for 
marking historic 
spots, to aid our 

It was not until 
the spring of 1920 
that the work was 
again taken up, and 
at our State Confer- 
ence of 1921 the 


mansion was offered for sale, Mr. 
Woodhull tried to find someone to buy 
and preserve it but failed because this 
was a commercial period without senti- 
ment; and it was sold to a syndicate of 
men, who after rent- 
ing it for a number 
of years, had it torn 
down to make room 
for a shipyard and 
railroad station. 

xMl that remains of 
the famous Knox 
estate is a small brick 
building, formerly 
the servants' quar- 
ters, but now a rail- 
road station. It is 
probably the oldest building used for this 

resolutions committee offered the follow 

ing resolution, that was carried unani- purpose in the United States. 

mously, viz. : " That our State Regent, Beginning the work for the Knox 

Mrs. Lucy Woodhull Hazlett, at the Memorial, our State Representative, with 

expiration of her term of office, be made the approval of our State Regent, 

State Representative for the Knox appointed a large " Board of Assistants," 

Memorial work." composed of prominent men and women 

Mrs. Hazlett was born in Thomaston, from different parts of the State, whose 

and visited Montpelier frequently until duty it is to arouse interest in this great 

she was fourteen years of age. She was work of patriotic education. 

personally acquainted with the daughter Mrs. Henry Knox was a grand- 

of General Knox, and has given an daughter of General Samuel Waldo, who 




before the War of the American Revo- 
lution came into possession of a large 
tract of land in Maine called the " Waldo 
Grant." Mrs. Knox, after the death of 
her mother, inherited part of this land 
and General Knox purchased the re- 
mainder, giving rise to the saying that 
" Henry Knox owned half of Maine." 

Some of this land lay along the banks 
of the Georges River in what is known 
as the town of Thomaston and on this 
land the General built a mansion which 
was named Montpelier, 
after a beautiful estate 
in France, which an in- 
timate friend of Mrs. 
Knox once visited. 

The mansion com- 
manded a fine view 
of the river and the 
surrounding country. 
When the house was 
completed General and 
Mrs. Knox invited a 
few of their most inti- 
mate friends to go with 
them to their new home. 
A vessel was chartered 
and the family with their friends left 
Boston for Thomaston, and as they sailed 
up the Georges River around the bend the 
first view of Montpelier was obtained. 
Madam Knox was delighted and the 
guests were astonished to see so beautiful 
a place among the forests and mountains 
of that then distant section of the state. 

Many of the forest trees were cut down 
and a beautiful lawn laid out with wind- 
ing paths leading to the river and to 
the village. The interior of the house 
was very handsome, the rooms being 
much larger than those at Mt. Vernon. 
On the walls hung many fine pictures, 
one being a full length portrait of George 
Washington. The furniture was mahog- 


any, handsomely carved, brought from 
other countries. The large hall in the 
centre extended from the drawing room 
to the state dining room, and the stairs 
went up about half-way to a landing 
then branched each side to the second 
story. The light came from the roof 
giving the hall a spacious appearance. 
Another entrance to the hall opposite the 
oval room opened into a smaller hall with 
a door in the rear, which opened into the 
main hall. The house had what we call 
an "English Basement" 
used for kitchen, store 
room, sitting room for 
servants and one or two 
bedrooms for the maid 
servants. There were 
nine buildings on two 
sides of the house form- 
ing part of a circle. 

General Henry Knox 
was born in Boston July 
25, 1750. He received 
a common school edu- 
cation in Boston, and 
just as he was about 
to enter college his 
father died, which changed his plans. He 
helped support his mother and young 
brother by securing a clerkship in a store. 
When he was twenty years of age he took 
part in the Boston Massacre ; and a year 
later opened a book store on Cornhill, 
Boston. He married Miss Lucy Flucker. 
daughter of Thomas Flucker, the King's 
royal secretary of the province. 

Before the battle of Bunker Hill, Knox 
and his wife escaped the guards of 
General Gage, and with his sword care- 
fully concealed in the folds of her dress, 
they made their way to Cambridge where 
he offered his services to the American 
general, who eagerly accepted them ; and 
the young man's career destined to be- 



come so brilliant opened at the earliest 
pages of the Revolutionary War. By his 
ability he attracted the attention of 
Washington and other commanders, and 
from this time began the lifelong inti- 
macy between George Washington and 
Henry Knox. 

During the Revolutionary War Knox 
was actively engaged from the beginning 

to the end, and the valuable service he 
rendered his country made him generally 
regarded as Washington's successor as 
commander-in-chief of the United States 
Army in case of another war. He served 
his country for over twenty years. 

Is it not time for a memorial to be 
erected in the honor of Henry Knox? 


Verses from report of Mrs. Charles H. Bissell, National Chairman of the 
Magazine Committee, to the 31st Continental Congress: 

" How dear to our heart is the steady subscriber, 

Who pays in advance of the birth of each year, 
Who lays down the money and does it quite gladly, 

And casts round the office a halo of cheer. 
He never says. ' Stop it ; I cannot afford it, 

I'm getting more magazines now than I read.' 
But always says, ' Send it ; our people all like it — 

In fact, we all think it a help and a need.' 
How welcome his check when it reaches our sanctum ; 

How it makes our pulse throb ; how it makes our heart dance ! 
We outwardly thank him ; we inwardly bless him — 

The steady subscriber who pays in advance." 

Department of the 

Historical Program 

Conducted by 

IX The Suffrage Movement 

1. General.— The most accessible general 
accounts of the movement for suffrage are to be 
found in the encyclopedias, Britannica, Interna- 
tional and Americana, especially the latter. The 
article in McLaughlin and Hart's Cyclopedia of 
Government is good. Another good brief account 
is Ida H. Harper's Brief History of the Move- 
ment for Woman Suffrage in the United States, 
published by the National Woman Suffrage 
Publishing Company in Woman Suffrage: his- 
tory, arguments, results, edited by Miss Bjork- 
man. E. R. Hecker's Short History of Woman's 
Rights,. 150-157, and Schumacher's Woman 
Suffrage, 2-42, bring the story down to 1914 
and 1909 respectively. Stanton, Anthony and 
Gage's History of Woman Suffrage, continued 
to 1900 by I. H. Harper, gives a mass of detail 
for the period it covers. Belle Squire's Woman 
Movement in America is a much briefer ac- 
count. Something of the history and an outline 
of the arguments on both sides may be obtained 
from Selected Articles on Woman Suffrage, 
edited by Edith M. Phelps in the Debater's 
Handbook Series ; and the Supplement to the 
Annals of the American Association for Politi- 
cal and Social Science for May, 1910. 

2. The Pioneer. — The agitation for a broader 
suffrage in the third and fourth decades of the 
nineteenth century touched the question, but 
only touched it. For Frances Wright and her 
teachings see the references in the Magazine for 
March, 1922. Another stimulus came from the 
action of the World's Anti-Slavery Convention 
at London in 1840 in refusing to admit women 
as delegates from the United States. The story 
is told in History of Woman Suffrage, i, 50-63, 
and Squire, Woman Movement in America, 

3. The First Conventions. — The social set- 
ting of the first organized Woman Suffrage 
movement is pictured in T. C. Smith's Parties 
and Slavery (American Nation) ch. 19. The 
story of Seneca Falls Convention (July 19, 
20, 1848) and the early forms of the agitation 
is given in McMaster's History of the People 
of the United States, viii, 117-122, and Squire's 
Woman Movement in America, 75-78; for more 
detail see the History of Woman Suffrage, i, 


63-88. A full account of the first National 
Woman Suffrage Convention (at Worcester, 
Oct. 23, 24, 1850) is given in the History of 
Woman Suffrage, i, 215-226. 

4. The Civil War Period. — The connection 
of woman and the suffrage with the anti- 
slavery agitation has already been noted. 
While the predominance of slavery from 1854 
on drew attention from suffrage, the war amend- 
ments to the Constitution, granting suffrage to 
the negro, indicated a method of securing 
action by the national government. For the 
period see Squire, Woman Movement t;; Amer- 
ica, 92-126. The close of the period is marked 
by the organization of the two woman suffrage 
associations, the National at New York in May, 
1869, and the American at Cleveland in Octo- 
ber of the same year. See History of Woman 
Suffrage, ii, 400-402, 756-766, for "accounts of 
these conventions. 

5. State and National Suffrage. — The 
years following 1869 were characterized by 
movements in two directions, for suffrage in 
the states and for suffrage by an amendment 
to the national constitution. Bryce's Amer- 
ican Commonwealth, ch. 96, summarizes the re- 
sults up to 1890. Ogg's Nationa I Progress 
(American Nation) 151-156, gives an outline of 
the later period, and another view may be ob- 
tained from Earl Barnes' Woman and Social 
Progress, 173-206. The History of Woman 
Suffrage has chapters on individual states. 
The Woman Suffrage Year Book for 1917, p. 
26-42, gives in tabular form the stages and re- 
sults of state action up to 1916. Something 
more may be found in Shaw's Story of a Pioneer, 
239-260. For the connection with the Progres- 
sive movement see Theodore Roosevelt's Auto- 
biography. 161-167, and Dunton-Clark's Pro- 
gressive Movement, 90-108. 

6. The Nineteenth Amendment. — For this 
consult the encyclopedia articles already men- 
tioned, supplemented by the International Year 
Book. I. H. Harper's Story of the National 
Amendment for Woman Suffrage gives a brief 
account. The Woman Suffrage Year Book for 
1917, p. 45-58, gives the story up to 1916. 
Material for its last stages must be sought in 
such periodicals as the Literary Digest or Re- 
viezv of Reviews. 


% $age in 

Conducted by 
Edith Roberts Ramsburgh 

Drawings by 
Zoe Lee H. Anderson 



" Martin " is a Norman name meaning " War- 
like." It was adopted as a surname at a very 
early date. On the " Roll of Battle Abbey " 
the name of Le Sire de St. Martin appears. 
Battle Abbey was dedicated to Saint Martin 
and the date of its Roll is 1066. 

The family is of great antiquity in England 
and was founded by Martin de Tours, who was 
born 1030. William Martin of Tours went to 
England with William the Conquerer, as a gen- 
eral in the Norman army and to his share fell 
the Barony of Cemmaes. of Kemeys, in County 
Pembroke. He became Baron of Kemeys and 
also Lord of Combe Martin of Martinshoe, 
in Devon. 

His only son Baron Robert Fitz-Martin (son 
of Martin) married Maud Peverell, and they 
had two grandsons, William, 2nd Baron of 
Darlington born 1160, from whom descend all 
those of English Lineage bearing the name of 
Martin ; and Oliver, who settled in Galway, 
from whom descend all those of Irish Lineage. 

Martin de Tours and his successors, were 
members of the King's Council, as Barons 
of Cemmeas, and continued to be lords in the 
English Parliament. 

South Moulton, in Devonshire, was held by 
the Martin family by service of finding a man 
with a bow and three arrows, to attend the 
Earl of Gloucester, when he was hunting in 
the neighborhood. 

Captain John Martin, of Plymouth, England, 
sailed round the globe with Sir Francis 
Drake, 1577. 

There was a William Martin at London, Eng- 
land, who assisted the Puritans in the prepara- 
tions for their journey to Plymouth Rock. 

Christopher Martin and his family came over 
in the Mayflower. Other Martins came to 
Massachusetts, Connecticut, Virginia, in fact they 
came in almost every company for some years. 

The name Clarke, Clark, etc. was employed 
in England as early as the eleventh century. 
It undoubtedly referred in the first place, to 
the office of a clerk, a clergyman, a clerk in 
Holy Orders, etc.. as at that time the Church 
was the only source of learning. 

One writer states that the name particularly 
meant a person who could read and write an- 
cient and Medieval lore, and therefore the Med- 
ieval bearers of this name were very proud of 
it. The Clarks lived in East Anglia and were 
influential in building and managing the priories 
and abbeys of that part of the country. They 
had been dwellers in England before the 
Norman Conquest. 

The name of Milo le Clerk is found in the 
" One Hundred Rolls " compiled in the reign of 
Edward 1st, which contains the records of per- 
sons who owned lands in the time of William 
the Conquerer, for which they paid rent in 
money, etc. or gave service as soldiers. 

There is a tradition which connects the Clark 
family by marriage with that of the descendants 
of Joseph of Arimathea. 

Thomas Clark of Bury, St. Edmonds, Gent, 
mentions in his Will dated 1506, a St. Anthony 
Cross of gold in the shape of a " T," of great 
weight, which was borne in an armorial coat, 
and was worn by Nicholas Drury, his great 
grandfather, in the expedition of Spain, 1386 
with John of Gaunt, Duke of Lancaster. 

Many of the name were colonial immigrants 
to America, among whom we find the mate of the 
Mayflower. Hon. Thomas Clarke of Plymouth, 
1623, Hon. and Captain Daniel Clark, one of 
the first settlers of Windsor, Connecticut, 1639. 


To Insure Accuracy in the Reading of Names and Promptness in Publication 
Chapter Reports must be Typewritten EDITOR- 

^Y^ ^TTJ 

Samuel Doak Chapter (Morristown, Tenn.). 
In considering the history of our Chapter since 
the 1920 State Conference, we have the pleas- 
ure of reporting a year of activity and interest. 
Regular meetings have been held monthly ; 
following the business session a program along 
lines of historical research and on subjects of 
general interest is carried out. One meeting 
took place in the evening in compliment to the 
members who are teachers and business women 
and cannot be present in the afternoon. A pro- 
gram was conducted on Conservation and Thrift 
and the Chapter has made the request that 
exercises be conducted in our schools along this 
line. This suggestion met with the hearty 
cooperation of the teachers. In December the 
Chapter arranged for a commemorative service 
in one of our churches, to celebrate the Tercen- 
tenary of the landing of the Pilgrim Fathers. 
In February, in lieu of the Washington Tea, 
a Sacrifice Luncheon was served at which time 
we realized $325. This amount was forwarded 
at once for the relief of Europe's starving chil- 
dren. Two of our representatives attended the 
Thirtieth Continental Congress. A prize of $5 
was given to the high school for the best 
essay on an historical subject, $5 to the high 
school student making the highest grade in 
America!: history during the year and $5 to 
be divided between the two grammar schools 
for the same accomplishment. We have com- 
pleted our quota of $75 on the D.A.R. scholar- 
ship in the State University and have finished 
payments on the $100 scholarship taken late 
last year. Cooperating with two other women's 
organizations, the Red Path Chautauqua was 
brought to the city for the ninth successful 
season. The Chapter celebrated Flag Day by 
serving refreshments at a downtown shop, the 
proceeds of the enterprise going to Mountain 
School work. 

In June we had the pleasure of entertaining 
our State Regent and listening to an inspiring 
address by her. The Extension Secretary of 
Lincoln Memorial University was also a guest 
at this time and spoke very interestingly of 
her work. 

A committee of the Chapter assisted in 
making a social survey of the city, our par- 

ticular part of the work being a survey of the 
churches. Attention was called to Constitution 
Day and by request of the Chapter, exercises 
in accord with the day, were held in all 
our schools. 

A year's subscription to the Daughters of 
the American Revolution Magazine was 
placed in the High School Library. The His- 
torical committee continues its work, collecting 
the Military Records of Hamblen County boys 
in the World War. We have given $25 for the 
Monument to Pilgrim Mothers and $10 for 
Naval Picture for World War Museum, and 
$25 for Americanization. The Chapter has 
sent its annual quota of $15 for Mountain 
School work and in addition $20 to the Devil's 
Fork School and has given $25 for local health 
work. Our Chapter entered actively into the 
campaign for Tennessee D.A.R. Hall at Lincoln 
Memorial University and has contributed $768 
to this fund. Treasurer reported receipts for 
the year amounted to over $1900. Our Chapter 
membership is 104, with all dues paid for 1922, 
and all obligations met to date. 

It will ever be our pleasure to cooperate, as 
best we can, in fulfilling our duty to Home and 
Country, and we hope that the years which 
are before us may, for Samuel Doak Chapter, 
be replete with deeds worthy of Daughters of 
the American Revolution. 

Mrs. Eugene Eckel, 


Kindrick Chapter (Rockwood, Tenn.) was 
entertained by Mrs. T. A. Wright at her beauti- 
ful home on South Ninth Street, Knoxville, 
Friday, October 7th. 

Mrs. Wright is noted for her gracious hospi- 
tality, and served a delicious four-course lun- 
cheon. The Regent, Miss Tarwater, sang " The 
Faith of Our Fathers " in a charming manner, 
and the one hundred and fortieth anniversary 
of the Battle of King's Mountain was appro- 
priately observed. 

The State Regent, Miss Mary Boise Temple, 
gave an interesting account of the D.A.R. Hall, 
located at Lincoln Memorial University, at 
Harrowgate, Tennessee, and the splendid work 
being done there. Miss Temple honored the 



Chapter by appointing Mrs. R. B. Cassell 
State Chairman, Magazine. 

Our Regent, Miss Tarwater, has a beautiful 
voice, having studied abroad, and will render 
a group of songs at the State meeting in 
Knoxville, November 5th and 6th. 

Pauline Hill, 


O'Fallon Chapter (O'Fallon, Mo.) has 
spent a pleasant and profitable year under the 
leadership of its Regent, Mrs. Jno. Williams. 
An interesting program was planned for each 

at our meetings. We send him cards and greet- 
ings and the Chapter has remembered him 
with a gift of money each year since we gave 
him up through the Society. 

The Chapter has had several delightful social 
events, chief among them a reception given by 
the St. Charles Chapter at the home of Mrs. 
McHilney. This was rather a " get acquainted " 
affair and we feel that the chapters become one 
big chapter in this way. 

The Chapter has not forgotten its financial 
obligations and has helped various worthy 


meeting, and was carried out successfully 
throughout the entire year. Some of the topics 
studied were " Alaska," " The American 
Negro," " Present-day Immigration," " Indian 
of To-day," and " Revolutionary Heroes." 
These were studied with special reference to 
the growth of our country up to the present 
time. The same thought is to be brought out 
in the study of cities for the ensuing year. 

Our Chapter has kept in touch with our 
French orphan adopted during the war. Many 
of our members write to him regularly and his 
letters are read with great interest and pleasure 


causes both local and foreign. The coming 
year bids fair to be better than ever before. 
Mattie Keithly, 


Maricopa Chapter (Phoenix, Ariz.). At the 
celebration last year of the twenty-first anni- 
versary of the organization of our Chapter, 
Mrs. W. J. Oliver, for many years our faithful 
treasurer, gave the following report of our 
work through the years : 

A tree has ever been symbolical of growth 
and stability, and it seems particularly fitting 
that the charter for Maricopa Chapter should 



have been presented under one of Arizona's 
beautiful palms. The charter was presented 
by Mrs. Price, State Regent, to Mrs. Talbot, 
Chapter Regent. At that time no one dreamed 
that this same tree would one day grace the 
campus of the large Monroe School, but many 
changes occur and the home site of Mrs. 
Millay, where this charter was presented, has 
now been converted into a fine modern 
school building. 

Maricopa Chapter endeavored to further 
patriotic education, introducing the flag code in 
the schools and each year offering a prize for 
the best essay written in the grade schools on 
some subject of patriotic interest. 

This monument was unveiled by Mrs. W. E. 
Thomas, one of the charter members, and her- 
self a pioneer woman. 

An important work was the raising of $50 
for a scholarship for one of the Southern 
White Schools in which Mrs. Pryor was par- 
ticularly interested. Other mementos of the 
Chapter's efforts, bringing the southwest in 
touch with its sister chapters, were the gift of a 
chair and the presentation of two Pima baskets 
to Memorial Continental Hall, while a still more 
conspicuous gift was that of a large silken 
flag presented to the National Congress at its 
meeting in 1918. This was the State flag of 
Arizona and attracted a great deal of attention. 




During the earlier years most of the dues 
collected were donated to Memorial Continental 
Hall Fund. In later years the money has been 
used for purposes of more local interest. 

One of the historical spots marked was the 
grave of Count Duppa, who is credited with 
having named Phoenix, but probably the best 
known work of our State Daughters was the 
erection of a marker on the Old Trails' High- 
way near Flagstaff. This is a large boulder 
with a bronze plate insert on which is inscribed : 
In Memory of 
the Pioneer Women 
Erected by the 
Arizona Daughters 
of the American Revolution. 
July 4, 1915. 

When Arizona was called upon to offer her 
young men to her country's service, two State 
flags were presented by the D.A.R., one to the 
National Guards and another to the enlisted 
men from this State. The flags are now in the 
custody of the Legion of Honor. 

When the National Society asked for a con- 
tribution of $1 per member to finish paying the 
indebtedness on Memorial Continental Hall, 
Maricopa Chapter decided to increase its pro- 
portion and bought a $50 bond instead. The 
report of war work is quite incomplete, owing 
to the fact that the Chapter did not work as an 
organization, but joined those already organ- 
ized. During the Red Cross Drive, Maricopa 
Chapter erected a very attractive booth, from 
which various members assisted in soliciting 
contributions, the total amounting to $485. 

An important part of the work of the Chapter 



is assisting in the care of those afflicted with 
tuberculosis, and in raising sufficient funds for 
the erection of a cottage for the use of a 
tubercular patient. 

For several years past Maricopa Chapter has 
contributed to a baby chest under the super- 
vision of the Associated Charities, while 
Americanization work is occupying the most 
important place at present. The Daughters 
take turns in teaching English at the Mexican 
" Friendly House," in this manner doing their 
bit to lessen our great foreign problem. 
(Mrs. C. W.) Della W. Botsford, 

Corresponding Secretary. 

Sarah Harrison Chapter (Blackwell, Okla.), 
organized February 11, 1914, then the only 
Chapter in Kay 
County, drew its 
membership from 
the various towns. 
Two years ago we 
sponsored the 
Ponca City Chap- 
ter which now has 
a membership of 
35. That we are 
proud of our re- 
lationship to this 
Chapter but mildly 
expresses the bond 
between us. 

Our regular 
monthly meetings 
are held at the 
homes of the 
members with in- 
structive study 
along patriotic lines and interesting programs 
with Flag Day, February 22nd, and State- 
hood Day fittingly observed. Seven teachers, 
members of our Chapter, are doing excellent 
work in Patriotic Education, five in the Black- 
well Schools, one at Manhatten, Kansas, and 
one in St. Louis, Mo. Prizes are given annually 
to the Blackwell and Tonkawa Schools for 
essays pertaining to good citizenship. We have 
pledged $100 to the Mountain School at Tomas- 
see, S. C, $25 of which was paid early last 
year, thereby enrolling our Chapter as one of 
the founders. 

With a membership of thirty-five and three 
additional names ready for the Chapter's ap- 
proval, we are taking part in State as 
well as local work. On October 25th we 
held our first meeting, to which the public 
was invited, when twelve members were 
hostesses at a Colonial tea and relic display 
at the home of the Regent, Mrs. J. A. Riehl. 
Antiques of educational interest were many and 
perhaps the rarest was the mite loaned by Rev. 


Mr. Wilson. The coin was made 72 B.C. and men- 
tioned in the Bible as " The Widow's Mite." 
A Roman coin in circulation in the fifteenth 
century was also the property of Mr. Wilson. 
Among other relics shown were an Aztec idol 
picked up in a ruined city of old Mexico by a 
member of a surveying party many years ago. 
A crucifix about twelve inches in length rescued 
by one of our soldier boys from a cathedral 
wall in France, a newspaper containing an 
account of the death of Washington, and 
so forth. 

A marriage certificate, bearing date of 
twentieth day first month, 1739, containing the 
names of wedding guests, was in good state 
of preservation, as were the wedding handker- 
chiefs of finest 
linen, that of the 
groom being 
twenty-eight inches 
square, while the 
bride's was twenty- 
four inches square 
and appropriately 
decorated with twe* 
turtle doves. A 
carved fan of 
sandal wood carried 
at German court 
three hundred years 
ago was beautiful, 
while a baby feeder 
was from the same 
country and equally 
old. A collection 
of bead work and 
Indian relics, 
loaned by Grandfather Brewer, was of excep- 
tional interest because of its connection with the 
early history of Oklahoma. Mrs. Katherinc 
Schuessler, of Tonkawa, brought her flax spin- 
ning wheel and spun throughout the afternoon. 
A dainty cup of tea, poured from a wonderful' 
Colonial tea service, by ladies gowned in the 
style of that period, evidenced the hospitality of 
then and now. 

A varied program of instrumental music,, 
songs and readings added much to the pleasure 
of the afternoon. " My Grandmother's Patch- 
work Quilt," a reading by Mrs. Thos. E. Kirby, 
brought vividl\ r to heart and mind memories 
dear and sacred. 

Cordelia Lunceford Beatty, 


Green Mountain Chapter (Burlington, Vt.) 
began its year October 11th, with a luncheon, 
followed by a business meeting with interesting 
reports, by the Regent and Mrs. Loomis. of 
the State Conference held at Montpelier. Mrs. 
Loomis spoke of the many graves of Revolu- 



tionary soldiers marked by the different chap- 
ters in Vermont. In September, under the 
auspices of the Chapter, there was celebrated 
at the High School the one hundred and thirty- 
third anniversary of the adoption of the Consti- 
tution of the United States. We were honored 
in December with a visit by Mrs. John Stewart, 
our State Regent, who proposed that the Presi- 
dent General's message be read at the meeting. 

We have fulfilled our pledges to the Sarah 
Thacher Guernsey Memorial for a scholarship, 
and have given $10 
toward the Burling- 
ton Rest Room ; $5 
to the International 
College at Spring- 
field toward their 
Christmas dinner ; 
a prize of $5 to the